Development assistance committee (dac) peer review

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  • SPAIN

    Development Assistance Committee (DAC)

    PEER REVIEW

    ORGANISATION FOR ECONOMIC CO-OPERATION AND DEVELOPMENT

  • DAC PEER REVIEW OF SPAIN

    2 DAC PEER REVIEW OF SPAIN - OECD 2007

    ORGANISATION FOR ECONOMIC CO-OPERATION

    AND DEVELOPMENT

    The OECD is a unique forum where the governments of 30 democracies work together to address the

    economic, social and environmental challenges of globalisation. The OECD is also at the forefront of efforts to

    understand and to help governments respond to new developments and concerns, such as corporate governance, the

    information economy and the challenges of an ageing population. The Organisation provides a setting where

    governments can compare policy experiences, seek answers to common problems, identify good practice and work

    to co-ordinate domestic and international policies.

    The OECD member countries are: Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, the Czech Republic, Denmark,

    Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Korea, Luxembourg, Mexico, the

    Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, the Slovak Republic, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey,

    the United Kingdom and the United States. The Commission of the European Communities takes part in the work

    of the OECD.

    OECD Publishing disseminates widely the results of the Organisation's statistics gathering and research on

    economic, social and environmental issues, as well as the conventions, guidelines and standards agreed by its

    members.

    This work is published on the responsibility of the Secretary-General of the OECD. The

    opinions expressed and arguments employed herein do not necessarily reflect the official views

    of the Organisation or of the governments of its member countries.

    Also available in French under the title:

    Examen du CAD par les pairs

    Espagne

    OECD (2007)

    No reproduction, copy, transmission or translation of this publication may be made without written permission. Applications

    should be sent to OECD Publishing: rights@oecd.org or by fax (+33-1) 45 24 13 91. Permission to photocopy a portion of this work

    should be addressed to the Centre Franais dexploitation du droit de Copie, 20 rue des Grands-Augustins, 75006 Paris, France (contact@cfcopies.com).

  • DAC PEER REVIEW OF SPAIN

    DAC PEER REVIEW OF SPAIN - OECD 2007 3

    The Peer Review Process

    The DAC conducts periodic reviews of the individual development co-operation efforts of DAC members. The policies and programmes of each member are critically examined approximately once every four or five years. Five members are examined annually. The OECDs Development Co-operation Directorate provides analytical support and is responsible for developing and maintaining the conceptual framework within which the Peer Reviews are undertaken. The Peer Review is prepared by a team, consisting of representatives of the Secretariat working with officials from two DAC members who are designated as examiners. The country under review provides a memorandum setting out the main developments in its policies and programmes. Then the Secretariat and the examiners visit the capital to interview officials, parliamentarians, as well as civil society and NGO representatives of the donor country to obtain a first-hand insight into current issues surrounding the development co-operation efforts of the member concerned. Field visits assess how members are implementing the major DAC policies, principles and concerns, and review operations in recipient countries, particularly with regard to poverty reduction, sustainability, gender equality and other aspects of participatory development, and local aid co-ordination. The Secretariat then prepares a draft report on the members development co-operation which is the basis for the DAC review meeting at the OECD. At this meeting senior officials from the member under review respond to questions formulated by the Secretariat in association with the examiners.

    This review contains the Main Findings and Recommendations of the Development Assistance Committee and the report of the Secretariat. It was prepared with examiners from Austria and France for the Peer Review on 15 November 2007.

    In order to achieve its aims the OECD has set up a number of specialised committees.

    One of these is the Development Assistance Committee, whose members have agreed to

    secure an expansion of aggregate volume of resources made available to developing

    countries and to improve their effectiveness. To this end, members periodically review

    together both the amount and the nature of their contributions to aid programmes, bilateral

    and multilateral, and consult each other on all other relevant aspects of their development

    assistance policies.

    The members of the Development Assistance Committee are Australia, Austria,

    Belgium, Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Japan,

    Luxembourg, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

    the United Kingdom, the United States and the Commission of the European Communities.

  • DAC PEER REVIEW OF SPAIN

    4 DAC PEER REVIEW OF SPAIN - OECD 2007

    Acronyms

    AACI* Andalucian Agency for International Co-operation (Agencia Andaluza de Cooperacin

    Internacional)

    AECI* Spanish Agency for International Development (Agencia Espaola de Cooperacin

    International)

    DAC Development Assistance Committee (OECD)

    DG POLDE* Directorate General for Development Planning and Evaluation (Direccin General de

    Planificacin y Evaluacin de Polticas de Desarrollo)

    EU European Union

    FAD* Development Assistance Fund (Fondo de Ayuda al Desarollo)

    FAMSI* Andalucian Fund of Municipalities for International Solidarity (Fondo Andaluz de

    Municipios por la Solidaridad Internacional)

    GAVI Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunizations

    GBS General Budget Support

    GDP Gross domestic product

    GFATM Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Malaria and Tuberculosis

    GNI Gross national income

    IFI International financial institutions

    IHP Initiative against Hunger and Poverty

    LDCs Least development countries

    MAEC* Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Co-operation (Ministerio de Asuntos Exteriores y de

    Cooperatin)

    MDGs Millennium Development Goals

    MEH* Ministry of Economy and Finance (Ministerio de Economia y Hacienda)

    MITC* Ministry of Industry, Tourism and Trade (Ministerio de Industria, Turismo y Comercio)

    NEPAD New Partnership for Africas Development NGO Non-governmental organisation

    ODA Official development assistance

    PACI* Annual International Co-operation Plan (Plan Anual de Cooperacin Internacional)

    SECI* Secretariat of State for International Co-operation (Secretara de Estado de Cooperacin

    Internacional)

    SWAPs Sector wide approaches

    TCO Technical Co-operation Office

    TEC Tsunami Evaluation Coalition

    UN United Nations

    UNDP United Nations Development Programme

    * Acronym in original language.

  • DAC PEER REVIEW OF SPAIN

    DAC PEER REVIEW OF SPAIN - OECD 2007 5

    ____________________

    Signs used:

    EUR Euro

    USD United States dollars

    ( ) Secretariat estimate in whole or part

    - (Nil)

    0.0 Negligible

    .. Not available

    Not available separately but included in total n.a. Not applicable

    Slight discrepancies in totals are due to rounding.

    _________________________

    Annual average exchange rate (EUR per USD)

    2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006

    185.7918 1.0611 0.8851 0.8049 0.8046 0.7967

  • DAC PEER REVIEW OF SPAIN

    6 DAC PEER REVIEW OF SPAIN - OECD 2007

    Spains Aid at a Glance

  • DAC PEER REVIEW OF SPAIN

    DAC PEER REVIEW OF SPAIN - OECD 2007 7

    TABLE OF CONTENTS

    The DACS Main Findings and Recommendations ............................................................... 10

    Secretariat Report ..................................................................................................................... 17

    Chapter 1

    Strategic Orientations

    Ambitious goals for Spains development co-operation .......................................................... 17 Strategic orientations and legal framework ............................................................................. 18

    International and historical context of Spanish aid .............................................................. 18 Legal framework for development co-operation .................................................................. 18

    The strengths and challenges of Spains complex development system .................................. 19 The Master Plan 2005-2008 greatly improves on past policy and practice ............................. 21

    Improvements on previous policy and practice .................................................................... 21 A comprehensive approach .................................................................................................. 21

    The challenge of implementing the vision ............................................................................... 23 Improvements in development education and communications .............................................. 24 Future considerations ............................................................................................................... 25

    Chapter 2

    Policy Coherence