of 24 /24
Developmental Developmental Psychology Psychology Adolescence and Adulthood Adolescence and Adulthood

Developmental Psychology Adolescence and Adulthood

Embed Size (px)

Text of Developmental Psychology Adolescence and Adulthood

  • Developmental PsychologyAdolescence and Adulthood

  • Adolescence

  • AdolescenceDivided into three categoriesEarly- ages 11-14Middle- ages 15-18Late- ages 18-21

  • Biological ChangesAdolescents begin their growth spurts at different times and ratesAdolescent Growth Spurt- rapid growth in height and weightMost grow 8 to 12 inches in heightStarts with girls at age 10 or 11, boys 12 or 13Girls tend to be taller and heavier than boys in early adolescenceBoys catch up to girls in middle adolescence

  • Biological Changes6 years after the start of the growth spurt- adolescents reach close to 100% of his or her adult heightGrowth spurtBegins with the lengthening of the hands, feet, arms, and legs (look awkward and gangly)Followed by growth of torso (brings body back into proportion)

  • Biological ChangesFinal stages of the growth spurtBoysBroadening of the chest, shoulders, and development of substantial muscles

  • Biological ChangesFinal stages of the growth spurtGirlsHips widen, fat deposited on breasts, hips, buttocks, and thighs

  • Biological ChangesFinal stages of the growth spurtBoth sexesChin and nose more noticeableLips fullerIncrease in the size of oil glands (acne breakouts)Sweat glands- more odorous secretionHeart, lungs, and digestive systems get larger

  • Sexual DevelopmentAdolescences begins with the onset of pubertyPuberty- the specific developmental changes that lead to the ability to reproduceReproductive organs in both males and females develop and change the body

  • Sexual DevelopmentCharacteristics which are directly involved in reproduction are called primary sex characteristicsCharacteristics that are not directly involved in reproduction are called secondary sex characteristicsInclude growth of body hair on certain parts of the body, the deepening of the voice in males, and the rounding of the hips and breasts in females

  • Sexual DevelopmentChanges are based on hormone levelsBoys produce higher levels of testosteroneMakes boys sexual organs growDeepens their voiceHair to grow on their faces and chestsDevelop broader shoulders and thicker bodiesDevelop more muscle tissue and larger hearts and lungs

  • Sexual DevelopmentGirls produce more estrogenStarts the growth of breast tissueSupportive tissue in the hips and buttocksPelvic region widens and the hips become rounderStart their menstrual cycleStarts around ages 11 to 14

  • Early and Late DevelopersEarly and late boysEarly- Do better in sports, social activities, and gain greater respect from peersLate- usually feel less adequate, anxious, and self-conscious

  • Early and Late DevelopersEarly and late girlsEarly- may be admired by other girls but treated as sex objects by boysLarger size and more grown up body makes her feel conspicuous

  • Social DevelopmentRelationships with ParentsChanges take place and most are positiveSome try to become more independent from their parentsMost issues are about homework, chores, money, appearance, curfews, and datingArguments arise when adolescents try to make personal choices

  • Social DevelopmentRelationships with ParentsAdolescents tend to spend more time with peers and less time with familyContinue to love, respect and feel loyalty to parentsThose who feel closer to parents tend to show greater self-reliance, independence, and fare better in school and have fewer adjustment problemsTend to interact with mother more than with fatherMost see mother as being more supportiveMore likely to seek advice from mother than father

  • Social DevelopmentRelationships with PeersPeers become more important in terms of influence and emotional supportAdolescent friendshipsTend to have one or two best friendsLoyalty is most important in a relationshipClose friends provide more support and understandingClosest friends are usually the same sex

  • Social DevelopmentRelationships with PeersCliques and CrowdsClique- peer groups of 5 to 10 people who spend a great deal of time with one another, sharing activities and confidencesInclude both members of the opposite sexCrowds- larger groups of people who do not spend as much time together but share attitudes and group identity

  • Social DevelopmentRelationships with PeersPeer InfluencesResearch suggests that peers are more likely to urge adolescents to work for good grades and complete high schoolLess likely to involve them in drug abuse, sexual activity, or delinquencyFollow friends in terms of dress, hairstyles, speech patterns, and tastes in music

  • Social DevelopmentRelationships with PeersDating and Romantic RelationshipsDating develops in stages1st stage- adolescents place themselves in situations where they will probably meet peers of the other sex- at after school events2nd stage- participate in group dating3rd stage- traditional dating

  • Adulthood

  • AdulthoodDivided into three categoriesYoung Adulthood- ages 20-40Middle Adulthood- ages 40-65Late Adulthood- ages 65-death

  • AdulthoodYoung AdulthoodCharacterized by a desire to try new ways of doing things and by changing relationships with parentsLearn to become independent and take responsibility for themselves and the decisions they make

  • AdulthoodYoung AdulthoodReassessment-