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Did Jesus Really Say That? Matthew 5–7

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Did Jesus Really Say That? Matthew 5–7. “You therefore must be perfect, as your heavenly Father is perfect” (Matthew 5:48 ESV). Matthew 4:12-17 — Jesus moves from Nazareth to Capernaum on the Sea of Galilee. Galilee shoreline from above. Capernaum. Sea of Galilee. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Page 1: Did Jesus  Really  Say That? Matthew 5–7
Page 2: Did Jesus  Really  Say That? Matthew 5–7

““You therefore must be perfect, as your heavenly Father is perfect” You therefore must be perfect, as your heavenly Father is perfect” (Matthew 5:48 ESV)(Matthew 5:48 ESV)

Page 3: Did Jesus  Really  Say That? Matthew 5–7
Page 4: Did Jesus  Really  Say That? Matthew 5–7

Matthew 4:12-17 — Jesus moves Matthew 4:12-17 — Jesus moves from Nazareth to Capernaum on the from Nazareth to Capernaum on the Sea of GalileeSea of Galilee

Page 5: Did Jesus  Really  Say That? Matthew 5–7

Sea of Galilee

Capernaum

Page 6: Did Jesus  Really  Say That? Matthew 5–7

Sea of Galilee

Capernaum

Bethsaida

Golan Heights

ChorazinMt. of BeatitudesMt. of Beatitudes

Page 7: Did Jesus  Really  Say That? Matthew 5–7

Mt. of Beatitudes

Page 8: Did Jesus  Really  Say That? Matthew 5–7

Capernaum area aerial from southeast with the Mt of Beatitudes in the trees of the top left.

Page 9: Did Jesus  Really  Say That? Matthew 5–7

Cove of Sower and Mt of Beatitudes from boat

Page 10: Did Jesus  Really  Say That? Matthew 5–7

““You therefore must be perfect, as your You therefore must be perfect, as your heavenly Father is perfect” (Matthew 5:48 heavenly Father is perfect” (Matthew 5:48

ESV)ESV)

The Value of an Impossible Standard!The Value of an Impossible Standard!

Page 11: Did Jesus  Really  Say That? Matthew 5–7

““You therefore must be perfect, as your You therefore must be perfect, as your heavenly Father is perfect” (Matthew 5:48 heavenly Father is perfect” (Matthew 5:48

ESV)ESV)

The Value of an Impossible Standard!The Value of an Impossible Standard!

Do you appreciate the life Christ lived?Do you appreciate the life Christ lived?

Page 12: Did Jesus  Really  Say That? Matthew 5–7

““You therefore must be perfect, as your You therefore must be perfect, as your heavenly Father is perfect” (Matthew 5:48 heavenly Father is perfect” (Matthew 5:48

ESV)ESV)

The Value of an Impossible Standard!The Value of an Impossible Standard!

Do you appreciate the life Christ lived?Do you appreciate the life Christ lived?

Are your interpretations of Scripture and Are your interpretations of Scripture and therefore your moral/ethic standards high therefore your moral/ethic standards high enough?enough?

Page 13: Did Jesus  Really  Say That? Matthew 5–7

Outline of this Passage:Outline of this Passage:

I. Christ makes a definitive statement concerning I. Christ makes a definitive statement concerning the Old Testament law and His relationship to the Old Testament law and His relationship to this law (5:17)this law (5:17)

II. Christ indicates the value of and the eternal II. Christ indicates the value of and the eternal nature of the Word of God (5:18)nature of the Word of God (5:18)

III. Christ makes a clear statement too about His III. Christ makes a clear statement too about His followers attitude toward followers attitude toward everyevery Old Testament Old Testament law (5:19)law (5:19)

Page 14: Did Jesus  Really  Say That? Matthew 5–7

Outline of this Passage (cont):Outline of this Passage (cont):

IV. Christ indicates that the Pharisaic standard IV. Christ indicates that the Pharisaic standard is not even high enough for entrance into the is not even high enough for entrance into the kingdom (5:20)kingdom (5:20)

V. Next Christ demonstrates from Six (6) OT V. Next Christ demonstrates from Six (6) OT laws the true interpretation and application of laws the true interpretation and application of them (5:21-48)them (5:21-48)

VI. Finally, Christ calls his disciples to imitate VI. Finally, Christ calls his disciples to imitate their Heavenly Father (5:48)their Heavenly Father (5:48)

Page 15: Did Jesus  Really  Say That? Matthew 5–7

I. Christ makes a definitive statement I. Christ makes a definitive statement concerning the Old Testament law concerning the Old Testament law and His relationship to this law (5:17)and His relationship to this law (5:17)

Page 16: Did Jesus  Really  Say That? Matthew 5–7

Fulfill = He will complete/accomplish/meet the Fulfill = He will complete/accomplish/meet the requirements of the Old Testament (Law and requirements of the Old Testament (Law and Prophets)Prophets)

I. Christ makes a definitive statement I. Christ makes a definitive statement concerning the Old Testament law concerning the Old Testament law and His relationship to this law (5:17)and His relationship to this law (5:17)

Page 17: Did Jesus  Really  Say That? Matthew 5–7

Fulfill = He will complete/accomplish/meet the Fulfill = He will complete/accomplish/meet the requirements of the Old Testament (Law and requirements of the Old Testament (Law and Prophets), including all the prophecies that point to Prophets), including all the prophecies that point to Him and His Work Him and His Work

I. Christ makes a definitive statement I. Christ makes a definitive statement concerning the Old Testament law concerning the Old Testament law and His relationship to this law (5:17)and His relationship to this law (5:17)

Page 18: Did Jesus  Really  Say That? Matthew 5–7

I tell you the truth, until heaven and earth disappear, not the smallest letter, not the least stroke of a pen, will by any means disappear from the Law until everything is accomplished (Matthew 5:18)

I tell you the truth, until heaven and earth disappear, not the smallest letter, not the least stroke of a pen, will by any means disappear from the Law until everything is accomplished (Matthew 5:18)

II. Christ indicates the value of and the II. Christ indicates the value of and the eternal nature of the Word of God (5:18)eternal nature of the Word of God (5:18)

Page 19: Did Jesus  Really  Say That? Matthew 5–7

I tell you the truth, until heaven and earth disappear, not the smallest letter, not the least stroke of a pen, will by any means disappear from the Law until everything is accomplished (Matthew 5:18)

“not the smallest letter” hwhy“not the least stroke of a pen” r d

I tell you the truth, until heaven and earth disappear, not the smallest letter, not the least stroke of a pen, will by any means disappear from the Law until everything is accomplished (Matthew 5:18)

“not the smallest letter” hwhy“not the least stroke of a pen” r d

Page 20: Did Jesus  Really  Say That? Matthew 5–7

Anyone who breaks [relaxes] one of the least of these Anyone who breaks [relaxes] one of the least of these commandments and teaches others to do the same will commandments and teaches others to do the same will be called least in the kingdom of heaven, but whoever be called least in the kingdom of heaven, but whoever practices and teaches these commands will be called practices and teaches these commands will be called great in the kingdom of heaven. (Matthew 5:19)great in the kingdom of heaven. (Matthew 5:19)

III. Christ makes a clear statement too III. Christ makes a clear statement too about His disciples’ attitude toward about His disciples’ attitude toward everyevery Old Testament law (5:19) Old Testament law (5:19)

Page 21: Did Jesus  Really  Say That? Matthew 5–7

For I tell you that unless your righteousness surpasses that of For I tell you that unless your righteousness surpasses that of the Pharisees and the teachers of the law, you will certainly the Pharisees and the teachers of the law, you will certainly not enter the kingdom of heaven (Matthew 5:20)not enter the kingdom of heaven (Matthew 5:20)

IV. Christ indicates that the Pharisaic IV. Christ indicates that the Pharisaic standard is not even high enough for standard is not even high enough for entrance into the kingdom (5:20)entrance into the kingdom (5:20)

Page 22: Did Jesus  Really  Say That? Matthew 5–7

For I tell you that unless your righteousness surpasses that of For I tell you that unless your righteousness surpasses that of the Pharisees and the teachers of the law, you will certainly the Pharisees and the teachers of the law, you will certainly not enter the kingdom of heaven (Matthew 5:20)not enter the kingdom of heaven (Matthew 5:20)

-the standard for practicing the Old Testament -the standard for practicing the Old Testament Law and Prophets is not man’s Law and Prophets is not man’s interpretation or his measure but God’s interpretation or his measure but God’s intent as the Author of the Scripturesintent as the Author of the Scriptures

-His standard is -His standard is veryvery high! high!

Page 23: Did Jesus  Really  Say That? Matthew 5–7

V. Christ demonstrates from Six (6) OT laws V. Christ demonstrates from Six (6) OT laws the true interpretation and application of the true interpretation and application of them (5:21-48)them (5:21-48)

1.1. Murder (5:21-26) [Exodus 20:13]Murder (5:21-26) [Exodus 20:13]

2.2. Adultery (5:27-30) [Exodus 20:14]Adultery (5:27-30) [Exodus 20:14]

3.3. Divorce (5:31-32) [Deuteronomy 24:1]Divorce (5:31-32) [Deuteronomy 24:1]

4.4. Oaths (5:33-37) [Leviticus 19:12; Deuteronomy Oaths (5:33-37) [Leviticus 19:12; Deuteronomy 23:21]23:21]

5.5. Retaliation (5:38-42) [Exodus 21:24; Leviticus Retaliation (5:38-42) [Exodus 21:24; Leviticus 24:20; Deuteronomy 19:21]24:20; Deuteronomy 19:21]

6.6. Love for Enemies (5:43-48) [Leviticus 19:18)Love for Enemies (5:43-48) [Leviticus 19:18)

Page 24: Did Jesus  Really  Say That? Matthew 5–7

"You have heard that it was said to the people long ago, 'Do not "You have heard that it was said to the people long ago, 'Do not murder, and anyone who murders will be subject to judgment.’ But I murder, and anyone who murders will be subject to judgment.’ But I tell you that anyone who is angry with his brothertell you that anyone who is angry with his brother will be subject to will be subject to judgment. Again, anyone who says to his brother, 'Raca,' is judgment. Again, anyone who says to his brother, 'Raca,' is answerable to the Sanhedrin [highest court]. But anyone who says, answerable to the Sanhedrin [highest court]. But anyone who says, 'You fool!' will be in danger of the fire of hell.  Therefore, if you are 'You fool!' will be in danger of the fire of hell.  Therefore, if you are offering your gift at the altar and there remember that your brother offering your gift at the altar and there remember that your brother has something against you, leave your gift there in front of the altar. has something against you, leave your gift there in front of the altar. First go and be reconciled to your brother; then come and offer your First go and be reconciled to your brother; then come and offer your gift. gift.

  Settle matters quickly with your adversary who is taking you to court. Settle matters quickly with your adversary who is taking you to court. Do it while you are still with him on the way, or he may hand you Do it while you are still with him on the way, or he may hand you over to the judge, and the judge may hand you over to the officer, over to the judge, and the judge may hand you over to the officer, and you may be thrown into prison. I tell you the truth, you will not and you may be thrown into prison. I tell you the truth, you will not get out until you have paid the last penny.”get out until you have paid the last penny.”

Page 25: Did Jesus  Really  Say That? Matthew 5–7

"You have heard that it was said, 'Do not commit adultery.’ But I tell you that anyone who looks at a woman lustfully has already committed adultery with her in his heart. If your right eye causes you to sin, gouge it out and throw it away. It is better for you to lose one part of your body than for your whole body to be thrown into hell. And if your right hand causes you to sin, cut it off and throw it away. It is better for you to lose one part of your body than for your whole body to go into hell.” (Matthew 5:27-30)

Page 26: Did Jesus  Really  Say That? Matthew 5–7

"It has been said, 'Anyone who "It has been said, 'Anyone who divorces his wife must give her a divorces his wife must give her a certificate of divorce.’ But I tell you that certificate of divorce.’ But I tell you that anyone who divorces his wife, except anyone who divorces his wife, except for marital unfaithfulness, causes her for marital unfaithfulness, causes her to become an adulteress, and anyone to become an adulteress, and anyone who marries the divorced woman who marries the divorced woman commits adultery.” (Matthew 5:31-32)commits adultery.” (Matthew 5:31-32)

Page 27: Did Jesus  Really  Say That? Matthew 5–7

"Again, you have heard that it was said to the "Again, you have heard that it was said to the people long ago, 'Do not break your oath, but people long ago, 'Do not break your oath, but keep the oaths you have made to the Lord.’ keep the oaths you have made to the Lord.’ But I tell you, Do not swear at all: either by But I tell you, Do not swear at all: either by heaven, for it is God's throne; or by the heaven, for it is God's throne; or by the earth, for it is his footstool; or by Jerusalem, earth, for it is his footstool; or by Jerusalem, for it is the city of the Great King. And do not for it is the city of the Great King. And do not swear by your head, for you cannot make swear by your head, for you cannot make even one hair white or black. Simply let your even one hair white or black. Simply let your 'Yes' be 'Yes,' and your 'No,' 'No'; anything 'Yes' be 'Yes,' and your 'No,' 'No'; anything beyond this comes from the evil one.” beyond this comes from the evil one.” (Matthew 5:33-37)(Matthew 5:33-37)

Page 28: Did Jesus  Really  Say That? Matthew 5–7

"You have heard that it was said, 'Eye for eye, and tooth for tooth.’ But I tell you, Do not resist an evil person. If someone strikes you on the right cheek, turn to him the other also. And if someone wants to sue you and take your tunic, let him have your cloak as well. If someone forces you to go one mile, go with him two miles. Give to the one who asks you, and do not turn away from the one who wants to borrow from you.” (Matthew 5:38-42)

Page 29: Did Jesus  Really  Say That? Matthew 5–7

"You have heard that it was said, 'Love your neighbor and hate your enemy.’ But I tell you: Love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you, that you may be sons of your Father in heaven. He causes his sun to rise on the evil and the good, and sends rain on the righteous and the unrighteous. If you love those who love you, what reward will you get? Are not even the tax collectors doing that? And if you greet only your brothers, what are you doing more than others? Do not even pagans do that?” (Matthew 5:43-47)

Page 30: Did Jesus  Really  Say That? Matthew 5–7

VI. Finally, Christ calls his disciples to VI. Finally, Christ calls his disciples to imitate their Heavenly Father (5:48)imitate their Heavenly Father (5:48)

Page 31: Did Jesus  Really  Say That? Matthew 5–7

Application:Are you valuing and striving toward the standard of

being like your heavenly Father and your Savior Jesus Christ?

Are your interpretations of Scripture true to God’s intent and therefore are your moral standards honoring to your Lord?

Are you, today, appreciating the sinless life Christ lived that can enable you to live with Him forever?