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Differentiate between Universalistic culture and Particularistic culture

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Universalistic culture and Particularistic culture..

Text of Differentiate between Universalistic culture and Particularistic culture

Question No: 0DIFFERENTIATE BETWEEN

UNIVERSALISTIC CULTURE AND PARTICULARISTIC CULTURE. PROVIDE EXAMPLES.

Universalistic Culture

Same Appraisal System for All Employees

Appraisal System Differs on the Basis of Identity & Circumstances

Particularistic Culture

DIFFERENTIATION BETWEEN UNIVERSALISTIC CULTURE & PARTICULARISTIC CULTUREFocus

Focus is mainly on rules. Focus is more on relationships.

Legal Contracts

Legal contracts are readily drawn up. Legal contracts are readily modified.

Difference in Policies, Standards etc.

Same policies, methods, standards etc for every employee. Policies, methods, standards etc varies on the basis of identity & circumstances.

RECONCILIATIONRespect the knowledge and information of the particularists.

For Universalists

Do not take impersonal, "get down to business" attitudes as rude. Be prepared for "rational", "professional" arguments and presentations that push for your acquiescence.

Respect the status and influence of the universalists. Do not take personal, "get to know you" attitudes as small talk. Be prepared for personal "meandering" or "irrelevancies" that do not seem to be going anywhere.

For Particularists

RECONCILIATIONFor Universalists ( Egypt, Japan, China etc.)

Combined FormFor Particularists (USA, Australia, Canada etc.)

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