Universalistic culture and Particularistic culture..
Question No: 0DIFFERENTIATE BETWEEN
UNIVERSALISTIC CULTURE AND PARTICULARISTIC CULTURE. PROVIDE EXAMPLES.
Same Appraisal System for All Employees
Appraisal System Differs on the Basis of Identity & Circumstances
DIFFERENTIATION BETWEEN UNIVERSALISTIC CULTURE & PARTICULARISTIC CULTUREFocus
Focus is mainly on rules. Focus is more on relationships.
Legal contracts are readily drawn up. Legal contracts are readily modified.
Difference in Policies, Standards etc.
Same policies, methods, standards etc for every employee. Policies, methods, standards etc varies on the basis of identity & circumstances.
RECONCILIATIONRespect the knowledge and information of the particularists.
Do not take impersonal, "get down to business" attitudes as rude. Be prepared for "rational", "professional" arguments and presentations that push for your acquiescence.
Respect the status and influence of the universalists. Do not take personal, "get to know you" attitudes as small talk. Be prepared for personal "meandering" or "irrelevancies" that do not seem to be going anywhere.
RECONCILIATIONFor Universalists ( Egypt, Japan, China etc.)
Combined FormFor Particularists (USA, Australia, Canada etc.)