24
Dr. Farnaz Kordbacheh Dr. Matt Liebman Dr. Mary Harris IOWA STATE UNIVERSITY Presented at the 2017 Annual Meeting of the Ecological Society of America, Portland, OR, 8 August 2017

Dr. Farnaz Kordbacheh Dr. Matt Liebman Dr. Mary Harris...Dr. Farnaz Kordbacheh Dr. Matt Liebman Dr. Mary Harris I OWA STATE UNIVERSITY Presented at the 2017 Annual Meeting of the Ecological

  • Upload
    others

  • View
    12

  • Download
    0

Embed Size (px)

Citation preview

  • Dr. Farnaz KordbachehDr. Matt LiebmanDr. Mary Harris

    IOWA STATE UNIVERSITY

    Presented at the 2017 Annual Meeting of the Ecological Society of America, Portland, OR, 8 August 2017

  • • Over the last several decades a high proportion of land in the US including Iowa has been converted to corn and soybean

    • Reduction of habitat diversity and resources supporting bees and ground beetles (Hull Sieg et al. 1999, Turner & Rabalais 2003, Robertson & Swinton 2005, Heathcote et al. 2013, McGranahan et al. 2013, Wright & Wimberly 2013)

    • Habitat restoration on former cropland is needed

    Decline of bee and predatory ground beetles

  • • STRIPS: Science-based Trials of Row-crops Integrated with Prairie Strips(www.prairiestrips.org)

    • Incorporate native plants as strips within corn and soybean row crops

    http://www.prairiestrips.org/

  • Important components of the prairie biodiversityForbs

    Bee abundance (Moorhouse and Harris 2017)Ground beetle abundance (Nemec et al. 2014)

    Grasses?Ground beetles Some studies show that grasses can provide habitat for carabids known as beetle banks (Hance 2002)

  • Which components of prairie plant communities have the most important roles

    in maintaining and increasing bee and ground beetle population

    ?

  • Locations of experimental sites in Iowa

    Eastern Iowa AirportRhodesWhiterock

    Armstrong

    122.84 km

  • Experimental design

    MayJuneJulyAugust

    Control

    Strips

    Control

    Strips

    Control

    Strips

    Control

    Strips

    Armstrong Eastern Iowa Airport Rhodes Whiterock

    MayJuneJulyAugust

  • Bee trapping methods: standardized pan trapping

    (Droege et al. 2010; Roulston et al. 2007)

  • Bee trapping methods: Blue vane

  • • Targeted and non-targeted sweeping for 48 minutes (Bryant and Euliss unpub.)

  • Sample collection after 6 hours

  • Vegetation monitoring

    Prairie-ForbWeed-Forb Prairie-GrassWeed-Grass

  • Ground beetle Pitfall trap

  • • Armstrong and EIA = Prairie • Rhodes and Whiterock = Weedy

  • Total number of individual bees at different sites

    a

    c

    b

    d

    P-Forb P-Grass W-Grass W-Forb

  • Total number of bee species at different sites

    a

    cd

    b

    bc

    P-Forb P-Grass W-Grass W-Forb

  • P-value=0.03r= 0.53*

    Relationship between total number of individual bees and Forb-coverage (%)

  • Higher number of species and individuals at strips vs. control

    a

    b

    a

    b

  • Predatory ground beetle abundance

  • P-value=0.002r= 0.79**

  • Conclusion• Higher forb coverage can increase the bee and ground beetle

    populations• However, only the enhancement of weed (forb and grass) can

    ascend ground beetles abundance

  • Increasing the quantity of forb and grass cover can enhance bee and predatory ground beetle abundanceSlide Number 2Slide Number 3Slide Number 4Slide Number 5Materials� & methodsLocations of experimental sites in Iowa Experimental designSlide Number 9Slide Number 10Slide Number 11Slide Number 12Vegetation monitoring��Prairie-Forb�Weed-Forb �Prairie-Grass�Weed-GrassSlide Number 14Slide Number 15Slide Number 16Total number of individual bees at different sitesTotal number of bee species at different sitesRelationship between total number of individual bees and Forb-coverage (%)Higher number of species and individuals at strips vs. controlPredatory ground beetle abundanceSlide Number 22Slide Number 23Slide Number 24