Economic & Social Statistics of Sri Lanka - 2012

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Latest Central Bank data on Key Socio Economic Indicators, Climate , Population & Labor Force, National Accounts, Agriculture, Industry , Prices & Wages, External Trade & Finance , Money & Capital Market , and more

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ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL STATISTICS OF SRI LANKA 2012

CENTRAL BANK OF SRI LANKA

ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL STATISTICS of SRI LANKA 2012

Central Bank of Sri Lanka

Central Bank of Sri Lanka Statistics Department P. O. Box 590 Colombo, Sri Lanka. Tel. : Fax : E-mail : Web site: 2477377 2477728 stat@cbsl.lk http://www.cbsl.gov.lk

Volume XXXIV ISSN 1391 - 3611 ISBN 978 - 955 - 575 - 246 - 6 April 2012

Price : Rs. 300/-

Printed at Central Bank Printing Press, 58, Sri Jayewardenepura Mw., Rajagiriya, Sri Lanka. Published by Statistics Department Central Bank of Sri Lanka, 30, Janadhipathi Mawatha, Colombo 01, Sri Lanka.

Table of CONTENTSPage 1. Key Socio-Economic Indicators 1 1 2 2 3 4 4 5 5 8 9 9 10 11 12 12 13 13 14 15 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 32 33 34 35 36 1.1 Sri Lanka Country Profile 1.2 Real Sector 1.3 Agriculture and Industry 1.4 Prices and Wages 1.5 External Sector 1.6 Money and Money Rates 1.7 Money and Capital Markets 1.8 Government Finance 1.9 Financial Institutions 1.10 Infrastructure 2.Climate

2.1 Mean Temperature 2.2 Rainfall and Rainy Days Hydro-Catchment Areas 2.3 Rainfall and Rainy Days Selected Stations 2.4 Humidity 3. Population and Labour Force

3.1 Population by District and Sector 1981 and 2001 3.2 Population by Religion and Ethnicity Census Years 3.3 Population by District, Religion and Ethnicity 2001 Census 3.4 Population by Age Group 3.5 Population by Province and District 3.6 Population Density 3.7 Vital Statistics 3.8 Crude Birth Rates and Death Rates by District 3.9 Labour Force 3.10 Employment 3.11 Unemployment 3.12 Public Sector Employment 3.13 Migration for Foreign Employment 3.14 Departures for Foreign Employment by Country 3.15 Departures for Foreign Employment by Skill Level, Age Group and Gender 3.16 Departures for Foreign Employment by District, Province and Gender 4. National Accounts

4.1 Summary of National Accounts 4.2 GDP, GNP and Deflators (Factor Cost Prices) 1960 2011 4.3 Gross Domestic Product at Constant Factor Cost Prices 1960 2011 4.4 Gross Domestic Product at Current Factor Cost Prices 1960 2011 4.5 Gross National Product by Industrial Origin at Constant (2002) Prices of Major Economic Activities 4.6 Gross National Product by Industrial Origin at Current Prices of Major Economic Activities 4.7 Composition of Gross Domestic Productat Current Prices 4.8 Investment and Savings (Current Market Prices) 4.9 Quarterly Estimates of GDP [at Constant (2002) Prices] 4.10 Aggregate Demand 4.11 Provincial Gross Domestic Product by Industrial Origin at Current Prices 4.12 Provincial Gross Domestic Product by Industrial Origin at Current Prices 2009 4.13 Provincial Gross Domestic Product by Industrial Origin at Current Prices 2010 5.Agriculture 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 Tea Rubber Coconut Minor Export Crops (iii)

37 38 39 40 (Continued)

TabLE of Contents (Continued)Page 5.5 Paddy 5.6 Subsidiary Food Crops 5.7 Principal Crops by Province 5.8 Agricultural Crops Yields, Farmgate Prices and Costs of Cultivation 2010 5.9 Agricultural Crops Yields, Farmgate Prices and Costs of Cultivation 2011 5.10 Fish and Livestock 5.11 National Livestock Statistics by District 2010 5.12 National Livestock Statistics by District 2011 5.13 Livestock and Poultry Average Producer Prices 2010 5.14 Livestock and Poultry Average Producer Prices 2011 5.15 Fish Production by Province 5.16 Operating Fishing Craft by Province and Type 5.17 Cultivation Loans Refinance Credit Schemes 5.18 Plantation Sector Manpower, Extent, Production and Yield 5.19 Fertilizer 5.20 Settlements and Land Cultivated under Mahaweli Programme 6. Industry 6.1 Industrial Production 6.2 Sugar 6.3 Milk and Milk Products 6.4 Textiles 6.5 Petroleum 6.6 Minerals 6.7 Cement 6.8 Electricity 6.9 Gross Generation of Electricity by Power Stations 2009 and 2010 6.10 Electricity Sales by Province 6.11 Water Consumers, Consumption and Revenue by Province 6.12 Board of Investment (BOI) Enterprises 7. Prices and Wages 7.1 Consumer Price Indices 7.2 Wholesale Price Index 7.3 Colombo Consumers' Price Index (1952=100) 7.4 Average Retail Prices of Selected Consumer Items 7.5 Average Retail Prices of Selected Food Items by Province 7.6 Average Producer Prices of Selected Items 7.7 Average Producer Prices of Selected Food Items by Province 7.8 Retail Prices of Selected Food Items in Selected Districts 2010 7.9 Retail Prices of Selected Food Items in Selected Districts 2011 7.10 Nominal Wage Rate Indices 1960 2011 7.11 Average Daily Wage Rates in Selected Activities 7.12 Minimum Wage Rate Indices of Workers in Wages Board Trades 7.13 Wage Rate Indices of Government Employees 7.14 All Island Average Wages in the Informal Sector 2010 7.15 All Island Average Wages in the Informal Sector 2011 7.16 Cost Indices for Construction 8.External Trade and Finance 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 8.5 8.6 8.7 8.8 Summary of External Trade Selected Exports Selected Imports Imports by Major Categories Direction of Trade Exports Direction of Trade Imports Central Bank Trade Indices Volume Central Bank Trade Indices Value 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 47 48 48 49 49 50 51 52 53 54 54 55 56 57 57 58 58 59 60 61 63 64 64 65 66 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 75 76 76 77 78 79 79 80 81 82 83 83

(Continued) (iv)

TabLE of Contents (Continued)Page 8.9 8.10 8.11 8.12 8.13 8.14 8.15 9.1 9.2 9.3 9.4 9.5 9.6 9.7 9.8 9.9 10.1 10.2 10.3 10.4 10.5 10.6 10.7 11.1 11.2 11.3 11.4 11.5 11.6 11.7 11.8 11.9 11.10 11.11 11.12 11.13 Central Bank Trade Indices Unit Value Exchange Rates Year End Balance of Payments Financing of the External Resources Gap Workers Remittances Tourism External Debt and Debt Service Payments Reserve Money Money Supply Broad Money Supply (M2b) Interest Rates Government Debt Market Share Market Indicators Share Issues Share Trading Indicators by Business Sector Share Trading Indicators by Major Company (Milanka) Summary of Fiscal Operations Functional Classification of Current Expenditure Functional Classification of Capital Expenditure and Lending Government Revenue Government Domestic Debt Government Foreign Debt Revenue and Expenditure of Provincial Councils Assets and Liabilities of the Central Bank Selected Financial Highlights of Commercial Banks Assets and Liabilities of Commercial Banks Mobilization of Deposits by Type of Deposit Deposits of Commercial Banks by Ownership Commercial Banks Loans and Advances to the Private Sector Number of Bank Branches by Province Banking Density by District Bank Branch Network Licensed Finance Companies Unit Trusts Summary of Regional Rural / Regional Development Banks Summary of Co-operative Rural Banks and Credit Societies 84 84 85 87 88 89 90

9. Money and Capital Markets 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 102 104 105 105 106 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 119 120 120 121 122 123 123 124 125 125 126

10.Government Finance

11. Banking and Financial Institutions

12. Transportation 12.1 Road Network 12.2 Road Kilometerage by Province and District 12.3 Road Kilometerage by Province 12.4 Motor Vehicles by Province 12.5 New Registration of Motor Vehicles 12.6 SLTB / Regional Bus Companies 12.7 Sri Lanka Railways 12.8 Aviation Air Lanka / Sri Lankan Airlines 12.9 Port Services 12.10 Selected Public Transport Indicators by Province 13. Socio Economic Services 13.1

National Level Findings of the Household Income and Expenditure Survey (HIES) by Survey Period Sri Lanka

127 (Continued)

()

TabLE of Contents (Continued)Page 13.2 Average Monthly Household Expenditure on Selected Food/Non-Food Items by HIES Survey Period Sri Lanka 13.3 Poverty Indicators by Sector, Province and District 13.4 Daily Dietary Average Energy Consumption per Person by Poverty Status, Sector, Province and District 2006/07 and 2009/10 13.5 Housing Conditions and Ownership of Durable Goods 2006/07 and 2009/10 13.6 Key Socio-Economic Indicators 2006/07 and 2009/10 13.7 General Education 13.8 Teachers and Pupils by Province and District 13.9 Government Schools by Size of Student Population 13.10 Government School Teachers by Category of Appointment 13.11 Students and New Admissions in Government Schools 13.12 Government Schools by Type, Pupils and Teachers 13.13 Performance of Candidates GCE (O/L) and GCE (A/L) 13.14 GCE (O/L) Examination Performance of School Candidates 13.15 GCE (A/L) Examination Performance of School Candidates 13.16 University Education 13.17 Eligibility, Admission and Enrollment of Students for University Education 13.18 University Admission by Province and District 13.19 University Admission by Academic Stream and District 13.20 University Admission by Academic Stream and Ethnicity 13.21 Technical Colleges 13.22 Health Services 13.23 Selected Public Health Personnel 13.24 Public Health Personnel by District 2009 13.25 Activities of Health Campaigns 13.26 Postal Services 13.27 Telecommunication Services 13.28 Mass Media 13.29 Prisoners 13.30 Prisoners by District 13.31 Selected Demography of Prisoners 14. Sri Lanka and Asia 14.1 14.2 14.3 14.4 14.5 14.6 14.7 14.8 14.9 14.10 14.11 14.12 14.13 14.14 14.15 Demographic Indicators: SAARC Countries Demographic Indicators: Selected East Asian Countries National Accounts Indicators: SAARC Countries National Accounts Indicators: Selected East Asian Countries Agricultural and Industrial Indicators: SAARC Countries Agricultural and Industrial Indicators: Selected East Asian Countries Inflation: Sri Lanka and Selected Countries External Trade and Finance Indicators: SAARC Countries External Trade and Finance Indicators: Selected East Asian Countries Monetary and Fiscal Indicators: SAARC Countries Monetary and Fiscal Indicators: Selected East Asian Countries Social Indicators: SAARC Countries Social Indicators: Selected East Asian Countries Doing Business Ranking - 2012 : SAARC Countries Doing Business Ranking - 2012 : Selected East Asian Countries World Tea Production Land Area, Exports and Imports Growth of Real GDP Consumer Price Changes Exports Imports Human Development Index (HDI) and Sub Indices of HDI 2011 Human Development Index 128 129 130 131 134 137 138 139 141 143 144 144 145 145 146 147 148 149 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 158 159 160 161 162 162 163 164 165 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 171 172 172 173 175 176 177 178 179 180

15. World Tables 15.1 15.2 15.3 15.4 15.5 15.6 15.7

(vi)

Key Socio-Economic IndicatorsSri Lanka Country ProfileAREA Gross Excluding Inland Waters Sq. Km. 65,610 62,705 000 ha.Mn. Acres 6,561.0 16.2 6,270.5 15.5 ECONOMY Real Sector GDP at Market Prices, Rs. Bn US $ Bn Per Capita GDP, Rs. US $ Per Capita GDP (PPP), US $ Growth of GDP (in Real Terms), % Sectoral Composition of GDP, % Agriculture Industry Services Unemployment, % of Labour Force Money and Inflation Inflation (f) :Change of CCPI Annual (Avg.), % 1,522.8 Money Stock M2b , Rs. Bn 8.5 M2b Growth, % External Sector Exports (Goods & Services)Rs. Bn US $ Mn Imports (Goods & Services) Rs. Bn US $ Mn External Assets (g)Rs. Bn US $ Mn External DebtRs. Bn US $ Mn % of GDP Exchange Rate (Avg.) Rs./ US $ Rs./ SDR Fiscal Sector Revenue and GrantsRs. Bn Expenditure & Net Lending Rs. Bn Budget Deficit 686.5 996.1 -309.6 -7.0 725.6 1,201.9 -476.4 -9.9 4,161.4 86.2 1,096 10,115 1,699 15,694 411.8 3,640 1,709 15,107 38.8 108.33 171.24 1,031 8,977 1,345 11,708 804.2 7,030 2,135 18,662 44.1 114.94 177.22 3.5 1,806.2 18.6

Table 1.1

2008

2009 4,835 42.1 236,445 2,057 4,747 3.5

2010 5,604 49.6 271,346 2,400 5,098 8.0

2011(a) 6,543 59.2 313,511 2,836 n.a. 8.3 11.2 29.3 59.5 4.2(d)(e) 6.7 2,491.7 19.1

Climate Temperature : C (F) Low Country, min. 24.2 (75.6) max. 31.6 (88.9) Hill Country, min. 18.2 (64.8) max. 26.6 (79.9) Annual Rainfall (Avg.) (2011) : 2,027 mm Demography Population Mid year (b) (000) 20,653 (2010) 20,869 (2011) Population Growth (%) 1.0 (2010) 1.0 (2011) Province Population 000 Land AreaDensity of (2011) (Sq. km.) Population Western 5,919 3,593 1,647 Central 2,719 5,575 488 Southern 2,519 5,383 468 Northern 1,203 8,290 145 Eastern 1,584 9,361 169 North Western 2,366 7,506 315 North Central 1,255 9,741 129 Uva 1,342 8,335 161 Sabaragamuwa 1,962 4,921 399 Total 20,869 62,705 333 Composition of Population (1981 Census) By Ethnicity Sinhalese Sri Lankan Tamils Indian Tamils Moors Others By Sector Urban Rural Estate % By Religion 73.9 Buddhists 12.7 Hindus 5.5Muslims 7.1Christians 0.8Others % By Age Groups 21.5 0 - 14 72.2 15 - 54 6.3 55 & Above % 69.3 15.5 7.6 7.6 0.1 % 35.2 60.5 4.3

4,411 40.7 218,167 2,014 4,586 6.0

12.1 12.0 11.9 28.4 28.6 28.7 59.5 59.3 59.3 5.4(d) 5.8(d) 4.9(d) 6.2 2,091.4 15.8

1,254 11,100 1,720 15,218 956.5 8,621 2,379 21,438 42.4 113.06 172.50 834.2 1,280.2 -446.0 -8.0 4,590.2 81.9

1,509 13,643 2,461 22,254 910.0 7,989 2,787 24,466 42.6 110.57 174.54 949.9 1,400.1 -450.2 -6.9 5,133.4 78.5

SOCIAL INDICATORS Human Development Index (2011) 0.691 (min. 0.0, max. 1.0) Average Male Female Life Expectancy, Years (2011) 74.9 Literacy Rate (c), % (2010) 91.9 93.2 90.8

Rs. Bn % of GDP

3,589.0 Public DebtRs. Bn 81.4 % of GDP

(a) Provisional. (b) Provisional estimates from Registrar Generals office on the based of the Census of Population and Housing 2001. (c) Based on Labour Force Survey conducted by the Department of Census and Statistics (DCS). (d) including Eastern province but excluding Northern province. (e) Quarterly Labour Force Survey for the 4th quarter of 2011 was not conducted by the DCS. (f) 2006/07 = 100 (g) Calculated at market value and includes Asian Clearing Union receipts.

Table 1.2Real Sector Demography Population, 000 Population Growth, % Labour Force, Participation Rate % (% of Household Population) Unemployment, % of Labour Force National Accounts GNP (Market Prices) : Rs. Bn. US $ Bn. Per Capita GNP : Rs. US $ GDP (Market Prices) : Rs. Bn. US $ Bn. Real GDP Growth, % GDP by Sectors,% Agriculture Industry Services Expenditure and Savings, % of GDP Consumption Government...