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EDU 5818 INSTRUCTIONAL SUPERVISION JNS SCOPE. Dr. Ramli Bin Basri Jabatan Asas Pendidikan Fakulti Pengajian Pendidikan Universiti Putra Malaysia Room G28 Tel: 019 224 1332 Emel: CONTENTS. SCOPE OF INSPECTION BY MALAYSIAN SCHOOL INSPECTORATE - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


<ul><li><p>EDU 5818INSTRUCTIONAL SUPERVISION JNS SCOPE</p><p>Dr. Ramli Bin BasriJabatan Asas PendidikanFakulti Pengajian PendidikanUniversiti Putra MalaysiaRoom G28Tel: 019 224 1332Emel:</p></li><li><p>CONTENTSSCOPE OF INSPECTION BY MALAYSIAN SCHOOL INSPECTORATEROLES AND FUNCTION OF SUPERVISORS: A COMPARATIVE STUDY</p></li><li><p>1. SCOPE OF INSPECTION BY MALAYSIAN SCHOOL INSPECTORATE</p></li><li><p>SCOPE OF INSPECTIONFunctionSafeguard the quality in education Provide professional advice and counseling towards efficient and professional management of schools </p></li><li><p>SCOPE OF INSPECTIONRoleInspect, report and provide recommendations to schoolsUndertake educational research and empirical research on classroom teaching and learning</p></li><li><p>SPECIFICATION OF SCOPE:InspectionProfessional advice and counselingReport to Minister of EducationPublicationResearchMalaysian Education Standard Quality</p></li><li><p>INSPECTION ACTIVITIESInspectionEvaluationMonitoringImprovementProfessional developmentSelection of award recipient: Quality School Award, Ministers Quality AwardProfessional Development for School Inspectorate</p></li><li><p>SPECIFICATION OF BASIC INSPECTION ACTIVITIES1. INSPECTIONFull inspectionNormal inspectionThematic inspectionSpecial inspectionNon-compliance inspection</p></li><li><p>NORMAL INSPECTIONTo evaluate T&amp;L and the management of subjects1 2 days by an inspector/inspectors Using a standard inspection instrumentCollect data and information Prepare finding and report of inspection</p></li><li><p>SPECIAL INSPECTIONBy order of the Minister or on the instruction of the Chief Inspector of SchoolsObjective to investigate or gather information on the status of a case or issue in school </p></li><li><p>SPECIFICATION OF BASIC INSPECTION ACTIVITIESEVALUATION (SELECTION)Excellent TeachersExcellent SchoolsMinisters Quality AwardExcellent Principals</p></li><li><p>2. ROLES AND FUNCTION OF SUPERVISORS: A COMPARATIVE STUDY</p></li><li><p>Topics to discussSupervisors job description.Core FunctionsMain role conflictsWhat supervisors are doing evidence researchNew trends and innovations- Towards a more coherent job description- Focus on school rather than on teachers.- Increasing role of supervision in system evaluation- Towards more openness and transparency</p></li><li><p>SUPERVISORS JOB DESCRIPTIONTraditional supervision services are generaly homogeneous as far as human resources are concerned.They basically do the same things in different geographical areas or for different types of school.Job descriptions of supervisors do vary considerably between countries according to the specific category of supervisor being considered and the degree of precision of the tasks being prescribed.</p></li><li><p>SUPERVISORS JOB DESCRIPTIONExample 1.Assistant Basic Education Officer ( Uttar Pradesh )The official job description contains 31 items 15 administrative and 16 pedagogical. The selection of responsibilities mentioned hereafter illustrates the wide diversity of tasks, their heavy administrative bias and the problematic distinction between pedagogic and administrative functions.</p></li><li><p>SUPERVISORS JOB DESCRIPTION2. School Supervisor 1 (Trinidad and Tobago)Examples of tasks in the official job specification of School Supervisor 1, who is responsible for about 16 20 primary schools.</p></li><li><p>SUPERVISORS JOB DESCRIPTIONPrimary School Inspector ( Tanzania )</p><p>The PSI is the main field inspector. It is his or her duty to work with colleagues in inspecting schools on a regular basis.</p></li><li><p>SUPERVISORS JOB DESCRIPTIONThe variation between these three job description is supervisors in Trinidad, for instance, have less purely administrative duties among their official tasks than their colleagues in Uttar Pradesh.The same tasks among the three job description are overload of responsibilities;b.dispersion of tasks; andc.inclusion of activities that bear little relationship to the core functions of a supervisor.</p></li><li><p>SUPERVISORS JOB DESCRIPTIONKey words reflect the core functions of the supervisor ;To control inspect, supervise, evaluate and assessTo support and adviseTo report, to prepare administrative documents and to participate in meetings.</p></li><li><p>CORE FUNCTIONS OF THE SUPERVISORSGenerally, supervision staf are expected to play three different yet complementary roles, which are quite evident in the job descriptions :To control and evaluateTo give support and advice, andTo act as a liasion agent.</p></li><li><p>TO CONTROL AND EVALUATETo control is considered to be the essential function of supervisors by central ministry.The control function covers pedagogicals well as administrative inputs and processes.Traditionally, control of the teaching staff the human resource input received top priority.</p></li><li><p>TO SUPPORT AND GIVE ADVICESimple control without support will not easily lead to quality improvement.In most instances, support takes the form of advice given to teachers and headteachers during supervision visits, which cover both administrative and pedagogical issues.Other modalities of support individual tutoring; demonstration lessons; in-service training programmes; and organization of peer-learning.</p></li><li><p>TO ACT AS A LIASION AGENTSupervisors are the main liaison agents between the top of the education system, where norms and rules are set, and the schools, where education really takes place.To inform schools of decisions taken by the centre, and to inform the centre of the realities at school level.Supervisors are entrusted with horizontal relations and have a privileged role to play in identifying and spreading new ideas and good practices between schools.When ambitious reform programs are being launched, their role in disseminating the reform and in ensuring smooth implementation at the school level becomes important.</p></li><li><p>EXTRA ROLE OF SUPERVISORSAs if their job description was not sufficiently complex, supervisors must also establish good linkages with other services involved in quality development such as pre- and in-service teacher training, curriculum development, preparation of national tests and examinations. </p></li><li><p>MAIN ROLE CONFLICTS Tension between administrative and pedagogic duties.Tension between control and support.Tension between standardized procedures and need for tailor-made services.</p></li><li><p>What supervisors are doing : some evidence from researchDistribution of time between tasks Uttar Pradesh, India</p><p>* Census operation, election duties and social work.</p><p>Supervisings building and construction30.3Collection of information28.6Meetings11.7Academic supervision8.7Departmental work7.1Others*4.7Midday meal distribution3.3Distribution of scholarships2.1Co-curricular activities1.8Plan preparation1.7</p></li><li><p>What supervisors are doing : some evidence from researchB. The views of the supervisorsExcessive workload. Responsible for too many teachers or schools. Too many different tasks. Spend little time on classroom observation; their attitude is more evaluative than supportive. Their work is more disciplinary than developmental they would like to get more involved in teacher support and advice.</p></li><li><p>What supervisors are doing : some evidence from researchThe views of the teachersThey feel that supervision work should be more developmental and less control-oriented.They feel that some supervisors are authoritarian, faultfinding and bureaucratic and moreover, biased, subjective and arbitrary.Irregular and bad planning of visits, not enough time spent in the classroom and at times, irrelevant advice. </p></li><li><p>What supervisors are doing : some evidence from researchIn Chile, what teachers consider to be a good supervisor :Somebody who helps, assists and indicates possible errors without waiting for them to occur in order to be able to sanction them;Somebody who does not impose, but who respects the specificity of the school and iswilling to listen;Somebody who knows how to guide, with good human relations and empathy;Somebody who concentrates on the daily school processes in a systematic and integrated way;Somebody who develops support networks;Somebody who takes into account the khow-how of the teacher and stimulates his/her professional development</p></li><li><p>NEW TRENDS AND INNOVATIONSTowards a more coherent job description-Separating control and support roles.-De-linking administrative and pedagogical tasks.-Simplifying is not simple</p></li><li><p>NEW TRENDS AND INNOVATIONSFocus on school rather than on teachers.-It requires a global approach directed towards the school as a whole, involving the relations between the teaching staff and between the school and the community, and paying full attention to the contextualfactors.-School-focused supervision requires teamwork and therefore important changes in the traditional behaviour and work habits of the supervisors.-Implies the acquisition of new technical skills since fullschool inspection covers all different dimensions of school functioning including financing and relations with parent and community.</p></li><li><p>NEW TRENDS AND INNOVATIONSIncreasing role of supervision in system evaluation-System monitoring needs to be more comprehensive and should involve different criteria that have to do with aspects of equality and justice, international comparability and definition of national norms and standards.-Monitoring system should not only focus on the individual teacher and school but also on the system, and supervisors have an important role to play in this respect.</p></li><li><p>NEW TRENDS AND INNOVATIONSTowards more openness and transparency-Procedures must be more openness and transparent-There is more openness and discussions with those being appraised, i.e. school staff.-Inspectors can no longer base their assessment on only one lesson and walk away after the class visit.-Making full reports of full school inspections available to the clients of the education system.</p></li><li><p>REFERENCEJNS web siteUNESCO, 2007. Reforming School Supervision for Quality Improvement. IIEP, Unesco. Paris</p></li></ul>