Elements of Peer ConferencingRevision, Editing, Proofreading
RevisionAddresses large-scale issues like:General focusPurposeContentAudienceOrganization
EditingAddresses smaller-scale issues like:Word choiceStyleToneEffectiveness of essays transition
Concerns the appearance of a document. Check for:Errors in punctuationSpellingUsageTypos and errors in formatting
A Plan for Revision
There are two keys to revision:
Try to see your project through another readers eyes.
Give yourself enough time to decide on the changes you want to make, and then make them.
Dont be concerned with editing or proofreading.
Think about the whole piece of writing.
Reading for RevisionTo revise effectively. Imagine you are someone who is:
Uninformed about the topic orInformed but hold a different viewpoint
Reading for Revision
Read the draft aloud and make note of any parts that need to be addressed.
Consider the questions on the handout.
Making the RevisionsConsider:Do I need more info from the library?Do I need to think of more reasons and details?Do I need to rearrange paragraphs?Etc.
EditingRead Draft AloudMark those places that are confusing, hard to read, awkward or choppyMark punctuation and spelling errors
EditingUnderline all transitional words and phrases
Are there places that need stronger transitions?
EditingMark any wordy phrases or sentencesLook for: run-ons, fragments, dangling modifiers, vague pronounsDo sentences starting with it is and there are require stronger, active verb?
EditingRe-read intro and conclusionIs opening interesting and effectively introduce the project?Does the ending pull the paper together and leave the audience satisfied?
ProofreadingSpelling, mechanics, and formatting dont affect the quality of your argument, but they do affect your credibility.
ProofreadingSpell Check is great but not perfect.
It wont catch words like to, too and two
ProofreadingPrint a copy of your draft and read through carefully.
You will catch many errors by reading aloud.
ProofreadingUse your peers as a second and third set of eyes.
These eyes are fresher and will catch errors you keep skipping over.
Make sure the draft is correctly formatted according to the assignment instructions.
Closing ThoughtsDont be afraid to tell your peer if something doesnt work. Constructive criticism will help them develop a worthwhile paper. Youll want a peer to help you make your paper the best it can be so return the favor.
CreditsSubstantial Writing Component Resource Office at the University of Texas at Austin