Text of Elements of Poetry Poetry Unit Day 2. Poetic Elements Dealing with Word Choice...
Elements of Poetry Poetry Unit Day 2
Poetic Elements Dealing with Word Choice RhymeImageryAlliterationRepetitionToneMood
Rhyme Repetition of sounds at the ends of words. Poets use rhyme to lend a song-like quality to their verses and to emphasize certain words or ideas Many poems contain end-rhymes or rhyming words at the ends of lines
Imagery Words or phrases that appeal to one or more of the 5 senses Writers use imagery to describe how their subjects look, sound, feel, taste, and smell Poets often paint images, or word pictures, that also appeal to your senses These pictures help you experience the poem fully
Alliteration The repetition of initial consonant sounds Writers use this to draw attention to certain words or ideas to imitate sounds and to create musical effects
Repetition Use, more than once, of any element of language- A sound, word, phrase clause or sentence Used in prose and poetry
Tone Writers attitude toward his or her audience and subject Often be described by an adjective such as formal or informal, serious or playful, bitter or ironic Factors that contribute to the tone are word choice, sentence structure, line length, rhyme, rhythm, and repetition
Mood Feeling created in the reader by a literary work or passage Similar to tone
Organization of Poetry Structure Lines Stanza Couplet Tercet Quatrain
Stanza Group of lines of poetry that are usually similar in length and pattern and are separated by spaces Like a paragraph of poetry It states and develops a single main idea
Couplet Two lines of a verse usually in the same meter and joined by rhyme, that form a unit
Tercet A set or group of three lines in a verse rhyming together or connected by rhyme with an adjacent tercet
Quatrain A stanza of four lines; one having alternate rhymes
Formal Verse Poetry that overtly uses the effects of meter, rhyme and form, especially the fixed forms (sonnets, villanelles etc.)
Free Verse Poetry that is open to pattern and is recognized as nonconforming and rhyme-less verse.
Lyric Poetry Highly musical verse that expresses the observations and feelings of a single speaker Creates single unified impression
Narrative Poetry Story told in verse Narrative poems often have all the elements of short stories including characters, conflict, and plot
Ballads A poem or song narrating a story in short stanzas. Traditional ballads are typically of unknown authorship, having been passed on orally from one generation to the next as part of the folk culture.
Epic Poetry Heroic poetry Poetry celebrating the deeds of a hero
Dramatic Poetry A verse or verses which are written to be spoken, usually by a character invented by the author himself. As opposed to lyric and narrative poetry, dramatic poetry is narrated by the characters themselves. The term is also used to refer to plays written in verse, such as most of Shakespeare's plays. The term is also used to refer to plays written in verse, such as most of Shakespeare's plays.