Your Health is in Your Hands
Why Be Prepared?We are always at risk for unexpected disruption in our world such as:Natural disasters like weather emergencies and power outages Terrorism and Bioterrorism like smallpox and anthraxDiseases like Pandemic Flu
Unlike other disasters that may be confined to a specific area and be of limited duration, a pandemic is unique because of its global impact and long duration. Avian Flu (Bird Flu)has recently emerged as a potential pandemic threat to the world.
Here is just a quick overview of pandemic flu.
What is Influenza?Acute, febrile respiratory illness affecting nose, throat, bronchial tubes and lungsEpidemics caused by influenza viruses A and B (Type C uncommon in people; no epidemics)Occurs worldwide, causing considerable morbidity (illness) and mortality (death) each yearSymptoms appear rapidly
Influenza SymptomsFever, dry cough, sore throat, muscle aches/pain, headache, lack of energy, possibly runny nose Fever and body aches for 3-5 days Cough and lack of energy - 2 weeks Symptoms similar to other upper respiratory diseases such as adenovirus, rhinovirus, parainfluenza, legionellosis, etc.
What is an Influenza Pandemic ?
A global influenza outbreakCaused by a brand new (novel) flu virusMost severe occur with changes in both surface proteinsViruses can be isolated at any time of year
Because it is a new virus, few or no people would be immune
Many people would get sick in every part of the world
Asia is the source of many outbreaks because swine, birds and humans live under the same roof, providing opportunity for viral mixing
Influenza Pandemics 20th CenturyA(H1N1)A(H2N2)A(H3N2)1918: Spanish Flu1957: Asian Flu1968: Hong Kong Flu20-40 m deaths675,000 US deaths1-4 m deaths70,000 US deaths1-4 m deaths34,000 US deaths
If a Pandemic Happens: What to expectAt the peak of a moderate pandemic influenza outbreak (i.e. 35% attack rate, 6 week duration), New York State (excluding New York City) can expect:14,916 influenza-related hospital admissions per week 3,728 influenza-related deaths per week 2,609 deaths in the hospital Influenza patients will most likely utilize:63% of hospital bed capacity125% of intensive care capacity65% of hospital ventilator capacity
Who Needs to be Prepared?Being prepared for pandemic flu and other emergencies is everyone's business including:Federal, State and Local governmentsBusinessesCommunity agenciesIndividuals and families
What Can You DO?Your Health is in Your Hands..Stay Healthy
Your Health is in Your Hands..Vaccination and antivirals will not be available or will be limited at the start of a pandemic
We must prepare for that by preventing the spread of pandemic flu through basic health strategies
Stay Healthy - Individual Infection Control Respiratory hygiene/cough etiquette and hand hygiene are effective strategies to stop the spread of germs. We should make good hygiene a habit now.
Stay Healthy - Individual Infection Control
Stay at least three feet from people who are coughing or sneezing.
Do not share eating utensils, drinking glasses, towels, pens, cell phones or other personal items
Stay at home when you are sick. Keep yourchildren home from school or daycare when they are sick
Stay Healthy - Hand HygieneWash Hands FrequentlySoap and hot waterMinimum of 20 seconds (the time it takes to sing Happy Birthday twice) Alcohol based hand rubs
Learn how to do it right:http://www.uhn.ca/patient/general/handwashing.asp
Stay Healthy Cover Your Cough
Many illnesses like influenza are spread by sneezing or coughing. Start now and get into health habits that reduce the spread of germs.
Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when coughing and sneezing. Throw out the tissue and wash your hands.
If you dont have a tissue, dont use your hands. Instead, cough or sneeze into the crook of your arm so you wont get germs on your hands and spread them to others.
Stay Healthy - What About Masks?
Recommended for:Health care workers with direct patient contactThose at high risk for complications of influenza Symptomatic personsContacts of ill persons
More About Masks..Benefit of wearing masks by well persons in public settings has not been establishedPersons may choose to wear a mask as part of an individual protection strategy that includes respiratory hygiene/cough etiquette, hand hygiene, and social distancing.If you wear a mask, keep your hands away from your face!Clean your hands each time you touch your mask!
Health is in Your Hands
If you go to the doctors office or emergency department when you are sick, ask for a mask.
Keep immunizations up to date including an annual flu shot.
Stay Healthy - Work or School Infection Control StrategiesRespiratory hygiene/cough etiquette, hand hygieneStay away if ill Encourage self-reporting of illness that developsActive screening for illness in staff/students
Family Preparedness ChecklistTo plan for a pandemicStore a supply of food and waterHave non-prescription drugs and other health supplies on handGet involved in your communityStart now to limit the spread of germs and prevent infectionHand hygieneRespiratory hygieneStay home if sickParents need to model behaviorCreate your individual /family plan utilizing the HHS/CDCguidelines at:
Be Prepared.The New York State Department of Health is encouraging New Yorkers to have at least a two-week supply of essential household items on hand. This is important not just in case of pandemic flu but to be prepared for any number of emergencies that can and do occur regularlyfor instance, weather emergencies and extended power outages
Individual and Family Preparedness is Crucial!We might have to take care of ourselves and those around usWould you be ready?
Be Prepared.Items to have on hand for an extended stay at home:
Food and non-perishablesItems of comfortItems for personal comfort Cash Pets- dont forget your pets food and medicinePhone - a standard wired phone; Cordless phones will not operate when the power is out.
Be Prepared.Medical, Health & Emergency SuppliesPrescribed medical supplies such as glucose and blood pressure monitoring equipmentSoap and water, or alcohol-based hand washMedicines for fever, such as acetaminophen or ibuprofenThermometer/bandages and gauze pads/adhesive tapeAnti-diarrhea medicationVitaminsScissors, tweezers, and safety pinsCleansing agent/soapFlashlight and batteriesDisposable glovesPortable radioManual can openerGarbage bagsTissues, toilet paper, disposable diapers, feminine products
Create an Individual/Family Health Information and Emergency Health Information Sheet so vital health information is readily available. Todownload and print a copy of a Health Informationsheet click here:
Bird FluFrequently Asked Questionhttp://www.nyhealth.gov/diseases/communicable/influenza/avian/questions_and_answers_2.htm
Get Informed-Get informed/Stay informed on the webHealth and Human Services: http://www.pandemicflu.govCenters for Disease Control and Prevention:www.cdc.gov/flu/avian/index.htmLearn more about emergency preparednesshttp://www.redcross.org
Test Your PreparednessTake the test
T F Emergency preparedness is the responsibility of government agencies only.
T F Pandemics can cause greater disasters because they affect large areas around the world.
T F Avian Flu (Bird Flu) has the potential to become a pandemic flu.
T F There is nothing you can do to prepare for a disaster.
T F It is best to cover your nose and mouth with your handwhen you cough/sneeze.
T F Washing your hands can greatly reduces your risk of illness.
T F If you are coughing or sneezing stay at least one foot away from people.
T F Canned fruits, vegetables and soups are items to have on the shelf in case of an extended emergency.
T F Cordless phones are adequate in emergency situations if there is a power failure.
T F The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is a good source for pandemic flu information.
Check Your Answers1. F2. T3. T4. F5. F6. T7. F8. T9. F10. T
Annual deaths in the US form the flu 36,000 elderly immunocompromised and very young