Employment and Immigration Edition III.pdf

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  • TABLE OF CONTENTS INTRODUCTION ........................................................................................................................................................ 4GLOSSARY OF TERMS ............................................................................................................................................... 5SECTION 1 EMPLOYMENT.................................................................................................................................. 71. OVERVIEW OF THE CONSTITUTIONAL AND STATUTORY FRAMEWORK.................................. 72. OVERVIEW OF THE JUDICIAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE FRAMEWORK......................................... 73. GENERAL PRINCIPLES OF THE LABOR LAW...................................................................................... 9

    3.1 PROTECTION OF MATERNITY AND PATERNITY ...................................................................................... 104. SOURCES OF LAW AND CODES OF CONDUCT................................................................................... 115. SUBJECTS OF LABOR LAW....................................................................................................................... 11

    5.1 MINORS ...................................................................................................................................... 125.2 DISABLED PERSONS.................................................................................................................... 125.3 WORKERS WHO ARE ALSO STUDENTS ......................................................................................... 125.4 FOREIGNERS ............................................................................................................................... 12

    6. TYPES OF COMPANIES.............................................................................................................................167. FORMS OF EMPLOYMENT CONTRACT ...............................................................................................17

    7.1 FIXED TERM CONTRACTS ........................................................................................................... 187.2 FREE SERVICE AND RETAINER CONTRACTS ................................................................................. 187.3 TEMPORARY WORK CONTRACTS................................................................................................ 197.4 SPECIAL WORK REGIMES............................................................................................................ 207.5 PROBATIONARY PERIODS............................................................................................................ 23

    8. HOURS, WAGES AND INCENTIVES...................................................................................................... 248.1 HOURS ........................................................................................................................................ 248.2 EXCEPTIONAL WORK, OVERTIME AND NIGHT WORK ................................................................... 258.3 TIME OFF .................................................................................................................................... 268.4 PAYMENT FOR WORK ................................................................................................................. 278.5 MINIMUM WAGE ........................................................................................................................ 28

    9. VACATION AND LEAVE TIME ............................................................................................................... 289.1 JUSTIFIED ABSENCES................................................................................................................... 309.2 SICK LEAVE ................................................................................................................................ 31

    10. DISCIPLINARY MEASURES AND DISCIPLINARY PROCEDURES................................................... 3211. RESCISSION OF CONTRACT .................................................................................................................. 3412. COLLECTIVE RIGHTS AND INSTRUMENTS OF COLLECTIVE REGULATION.......................... 3813. STRIKE PROCEDURES..............................................................................................................................4114. OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY............................................................................................ 4315. EMPLOYMENT PROMOTION................................................................................................................ 4616. TESTS, MEDICAL EXAMINATIONS AND HIV/AIDS ......................................................................... 4617. DISPUTE RESOLUTION .......................................................................................................................... 4818. LABOR INSPECTION................................................................................................................................ 4919. SOCIAL SECURITY .................................................................................................................................... 5020. CONSULTATIVE LABOR COUNCIL (CCT)........................................................................................... 5721. LABOR-MANAGEMENT CONSULTATION.......................................................................................... 5822. PERSONAL INCOME TAX ....................................................................................................................... 5823. MANAGEMENT OF ESSENTIAL DOCUMENTS.................................................................................. 59

    23.1 INDIVIDUAL EMPLOYEE FILES (PROCESSO INDIVIDUAL) ............................................................... 5923.2 LIST OF EMPLOYEES BY NAME (RELAO NOMINAL) .................................................................... 5923.3 VACATION PLAN (PLANO DE FRIAS) ........................................................................................... 6023.4 WORK SCHEDULE (HORRIO DE TRABALHO) ................................................................................ 6023.5 INTERNAL REGULATION (REGULAMENTO INTERNO) ..................................................................... 6023.6 PAYROLL (FOLHA DE SALRIOS) .................................................................................................. 61

    SECTION 2 IMMIGRATION................................................................................................................................ 6224. BACKGROUND TO IMMIGRATION IN MOZAMBIQUE.................................................................... 6225. CONSTITUTION........................................................................................................................................ 6226. IMMIGRATION LEGISLATION .............................................................................................................. 6427. VISAS ............................................................................................................................................................ 66

    27.1 TYPES OF VISA............................................................................................................................ 6627.2 BORDER VISA ............................................................................................................................. 6727.3 BUSINESS VISA ........................................................................................................................... 6827.4 WORK VISA ................................................................................................................................ 6927.5 RESIDENCE VISA......................................................................................................................... 7127.6 TOURISM VISA............................................................................................................................ 73FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS................................................................................................................ 74

    ACIS in cooperation with GIZ Pro-Econ and SAL & Caldeira Advogados, Lda.

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  • 28. RESIDENCY................................................................................................................................................ 7628.1 TYPES OF RESIDENCY ................................................................................................................. 7628.2 PROCEDURES FOR OBTAINING RESIDENCY ................................................................................. 77

    28.2.1Non-Permanent Residence .............................................................................................................................................. 7828.2.2Temporary Residence ...................................................................................................................................................... 8128.2.3Permanent Residence ...................................................................................................................................................... 83

    FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS................................................................................................................ 8629. OTHER IMMIGRATION ISSUES............................................................................................................. 86

    29.1 DEPARTURE ................................................................................................................................ 8629.2 OTHER TYPES OF DOCUMENTATION AND PROCEDURES .....................................................