Enbe final e port

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  1. 1. ENBE | Final Project | Part A Report | The Better Town Representation IGNATIUS JEE SHAO IANG | 0320069 | Ms. Ida | FNBE AUGUST 2014 | Taylors University Name: IGNATIUS JEE SHAO IANG Student ID: 0320069 FNBE August 2014
  2. 2. ENBE | Final Project | Part A Report | The Better Town Representation IGNATIUS JEE SHAO IANG | 0320069 | Ms. Ida | FNBE AUGUST 2014 | Taylors University CONTENT: 1. INTRODUCTION 2. A TOWN- Investigation on Better Township or Town or City Guidelines and Issues 3. Investigation & Data Collection: The Ancient Town 4. Investigation & Data Collection: The Present Town 5. Investigation & Data Collection: The Future City 6. The New X Town RADIALE Overview Master Plan Zoning Transportation Town Enhancement & Sustainable Approaches 7. The Conclusion 8. Reference List
  3. 3. ENBE | Final Project | Part A Report | The Better Town Representation IGNATIUS JEE SHAO IANG | 0320069 | Ms. Ida | FNBE AUGUST 2014 | Taylors University Introduction After analysing and understanding the brief, I understand that I am assigned to do research on the elements of Natural and built environment in their basic unit, form and function such as natural topography, landscape, space, buildings and infrastructure. In this final project, I am required to investigate about a past, a present and a future city. With all the information I get, I need to propose a future town which focus on the needs of the people, the facilities, infrastructures and how the city sustain by itself in the future. To propose a successful town, I understand that I need to focus on its geometric shape, form, pattern, system and the structure of town. Besides, I need to emphasis on the main focus and the zoning, transportation, utility of the town. The people, population, social issues, food distribution, culture and religion also play a major role in maintaining the successful operation of the town.
  4. 4. ENBE | Final Project | Part A Report | The Better Town Representation IGNATIUS JEE SHAO IANG | 0320069 | Ms. Ida | FNBE AUGUST 2014 | Taylors University Town VS City Definition of Town A settlement in which includes residential districts, shops and amenities with its own local government. A town is larger than a village, but smaller than a city, which means to say it has more populations than a village but not as much as a city. Definition of City A city is a relatively large and permanent human settlement. City normally has a particular administrative, legal, or historical status based on local law. City in general has more complex systems for sanitation, utilities, land usage, housing, and transportation. There are 4 eccentric differences between a town and a city. (i) The demography/geography (ii) The form of Government (iii) The communities (iv) Population (i) Demography/Geography Towns cover a smaller area than cities. As cities advance, they merge with surrounding areas. As for towns, they do not generally expand into other areas in the same way as the cities.
  5. 5. ENBE | Final Project | Part A Report | The Better Town Representation IGNATIUS JEE SHAO IANG | 0320069 | Ms. Ida | FNBE AUGUST 2014 | Taylors University (ii) Form of Government A town is rule by municipal bodies, which is leaded by a chairman. On the other hand, governance of cities is handled by corporate bodies and chairman is the head of corporation. (iii) Communities In terms of community, town has a complete community hinting at one special community. However, cities can have different communities usually categorized by race or religion. (iv) Populations Towns are smaller than cities and bigger than villages. Therefore, cities are more densely populated than towns, which mean to say that a city has more population as compared to town. Most of a regions administrative offices are situated in the cities.
  6. 6. ENBE | Final Project | Part A Report | The Better Town Representation IGNATIUS JEE SHAO IANG | 0320069 | Ms. Ida | FNBE AUGUST 2014 | Taylors University Investigation & Data Collection Ancient City Case Study 1: Athens, Greece A view of the Acropolis in Athens, Greece The remains of the Parthenon A brief history of Athens, Greece It has been inhabited since before 3,000 B.C During 1,200 B.C., the town is spread to south of the citadel on the Acropolis and a long wall was built along the edge of rock. In 480 B.C., the city is captured and ruined by the Persians. The acropolis was burned. The Athenians after that spent 30 years but only managed to build the fortifications and some secular buildings. 40 years after the peace with Persians at 449 B.C., buildings such as Agora and Acropolis where the Parthenon sat is built. At 404 B.C., Athens lost the Peloponnesian war. During the Roman times, the long walls built were pulled down in 88 B.C. During the Byzantine period after the city fell to the Crusaders in 1204, temples were converted into Christians churches. In 1456, Athens was ruled by the Turks for 400 years. The Parthenon was turned into a mosque and the other classical buildings were occupied back then.
  7. 7. ENBE | Final Project | Part A Report | The Better Town Representation IGNATIUS JEE SHAO IANG | 0320069 | Ms. Ida | FNBE AUGUST 2014 | Taylors University The Characteristics of Focus in Athens, Greece - A city which emphasises on the management of water source. Athens shows the importance of waterworks in a city. The Aqueduct served as a main character in the city as its the foremost way of conducting water to the whole area. Furthermore, the city also emphasised on the zoning. The upper city is also the focus of the city as its the zone where every main events being held. It is situated at the centre of the city. Significances and Details of Athens, Greece (i) Geography - Athens was in Attica, which is about 30 stadia (2.9 miles) from the sea, located on the southwest slope of Mount Lycabettus. - The city is between the small river Cephissus to the west, Ilissos to the south and Eridanos to the north. - The walled city is measured 1.5km in diameter. (ii) Systematic planning of city layout - Athens is divided into two distinctive part: The Upper City (Acropolis) and The Lower City. - The Upper City (Acropolis) contains all the important buildings such as the Parthenon, Propylaia and the Agora.
  8. 8. ENBE | Final Project | Part A Report | The Better Town Representation IGNATIUS JEE SHAO IANG | 0320069 | Ms. Ida | FNBE AUGUST 2014 | Taylors University - The Agora of Ancient Athens is located to the northwest of Acropolis. It is a public space for citizens to gather for the military duty and even announcement of the king or council. The Agora is later served as the market place. - The port city of Athens, Piraeus is connected by the Long Walls which is 40 stadia (7km) long with a narrow passage between the two walls. The Long Walls provide a secure connection to the sea even during times of siege. (iii) Water Supply System - At the very beginning time of Ancient Athens, it was supplied with water from springs and local wells. One of the most famous natural springs was the Spring of Caliroi, which is the source of the Ilisos River. Water was also available within the ancient city at local fountains, for instance the Fountain of Pan. - In year 540-530 B.C., Pisistratos constructed an underground aqueduct, covering a total distance of 7.5 km that collected additional water from the Hymettus Mountain. After building the underground aqueduct, water is reportedly flowed in abundance, meeting the needs of the city residents. - Athens Persistratean Aqueduct It is the first major hydraulic project in Athens. It is mostly carved as a tunnel at depth reaching 14m underground. It has a ceramic pipeline at the ground of the tunnels. The Long Walls secured Athens from the invasion of Spartans in the First Peloponnesian War (431- 432B.C.)
  9. 9. ENBE | Final Project | Part A Report | The Better Town Representation IGNATIUS JEE SHAO IANG | 0320069 | Ms. Ida | FNBE AUGUST 2014 | Taylors University Greek hydraulic construction were mostly subterranean for security reason, such as not to be exposed in war. The ends of the pipes were appropriately shaped, so that each could be tightly fitted into the next pipe. They were joined by cement or lead. The pipe sections had elliptic openings covered by ceramic covers, to ease cleaning and maintenance work. The cross sections of typical tunnels are half to one metre high, the pipe lines or Terracotta is 20cm. Conclusion about City - The significances of Ancient Athens which made it a sustainable city is the systematic planning of city layout and its hydraulic system. - The Athenians realized the importance of town planning, especially the defence of a town. Thats the reason a Long wall was built connecting Athens to its port city, that is Piraeus to secure its connection to the sea. - They also utilized the knowledge of zoning, where the agora is the citys commercial zone and also a political zone. The technical details of the tunnels of Persistratean Aqueduct. The pipeline exhibited outside the metro station of Syntagma.
  10. 10. ENBE | Final Project | Part A Report | The Better Town Representation IGNATIUS JEE SHAO IANG | 0320069 | Ms. Ida | FNBE AUGUST 2014 | Taylors University - Athenians also acquires certain level of technology on building hydraulic system which is used in the waterworks. Athenians collect water from springs and local well at first. From this we can know that they actually got the idea of water collection. - After the construction of Aqueducts, water streams are able to be conducted across a hollow from a source to different areas. Information & Elements to implement in my Future Town - The importance of town planning. Efficient and organized urban planning is needed. From the research, I realized that the main focus of the town such as the town council and the comme