End of WWII, Beginning of Cold War

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End of WWII, Beginning of Cold War. Though the US and the Soviet Union fought together during WWII, relations quickly thawed due to differing political ideologies. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Placard 4a Democracy

End of WWII, Beginning of Cold WarThough the US and the Soviet Union fought together during WWII, relations quickly thawed due to differing political ideologies.As WWII ended, the Soviet Union began annexing countries, creating what was known as the Eastern Bloc. Democratic countries and Communist countries were divided by what was known as the iron curtain. America, afraid of Communism, began a foreign policy (Truman Doctrine, containment) dedicated to stopping the spread of Communism through out the world. This would lead to both the Korean and VietNam wars. To further complicate matters, both the US and the Soviet Union possessed nuclear weapons. This began what was known as the arms race.

DemocracyUS decisions from who is President to what teenagers watch on TV, made by majority ruleSoviets argued true democracy can only be secured in an economic system that rewards everyone equally.Otherwise a few will take advantage of those in poverty.

EqualityUS same chance to succeed by giving equality to everyone adversely affects society.SovietsEquality is essential for healthy society.Basic needs are cared for.

CapitalismUS can better yourself through hard workBrings out best in peopleSovietCompetition breads selfishnessCooperation, love, concern for others should be the focus

IndividualismUS individual has potential to reach highest level of success.Incentives move society.SovietsSociety creates many losersInequality and exploitation

CollectivismUS says violates basic human nature competitionSovietsEveryone works for the good of the whole

SocialismUS says this denies people of basic needs the right to own property Soviets Wealth of society should be spread to all of the community

TotalitarianismUS says creates dictatorships, denies freedomsSovietsIt is required to transform a society from unequal to equal. Protect from selfishness.

FreedomUS core for happy and healthy societySovietsPeople are not free unless they have a fair share of the wealth. Need to control things so capitalists do not take advantage of the weak.

EconomyUS: Free Market, allows for competition and encourages people to work harder. More laissez faire than anything else

Soviet Union: Command economy, government should set prices, quantities and decide workers wages