Engaging the DisengagedDr. Mary Amanda GrahamProgram Director Seattle University
What challenges do you face with your disengaged students?
What the Student ThinksWhats important?
Definition of Motivation
Motivation-internal ActionDirection Engagement
Motivation + Engagement=Learning
What Motivates YouWhat Engages YouWhy is it different for students
Why We Do Things EnjoymentRewarding
Why Do We Do Things Less Enjoyable
Students All Students are motivated by somethingAll Students can be engaged
Internal vs. External MotivationWhat are internal motivators at your schoolWhat are external motivators at your school
The Problem with the Candy BarIt is never enoughShort TermStudent losses interestGeared toward the motivated studentNot a real life transferable skill in many situations.
The Internally MotivatedEngagedSelf StartersComprehend MaterialsUses failure as a motivationCreativeEnjoys School High Level of Academic Achievement
Assumptions of Choice TheoryBasic NeedsQuality WorldBehavior has a Purpose
Implications of Choice Theory in School Basic Needs:Love and Belonging FreedomFunPowerSurvival
Love and Belonging Social over schoolAcceptanceBelonging in a groupCared aboutKnown on a personal levelProtecting self to fit inSeems Disinterested
Freedom Need for IndependenceDecision MakingRelatednessInvolvement in Own LearningPursuit of InterestsAutonomy
SurvivalSafetyBasic Needs (food, shelter, clothing, safe home)Risk Taking
How Are These Basic Needs Met for Students In Your school?
Quality World What does that mean?
What does that mean in regards to School?
Group ActivityBrainstorm with the people at your table. Can you come up with 10 ways to meet students basic needs, as well as their needs specific to your school
Ideas To Foster The NeedsBecome a part of the students quality worldWork with teachers on the value of personal relationshipsBuy in from administrators on the role of counselorIn-service for teachers Assess Curriculum and MeaningSchool Environment
Ideas-Continued MentorshipPresencesLunchBefore Class ActivitiesA Systems Approach
Contact InfoDr. Mary Amanda Graham\Seattle Universitygrahamm@seattleu.edu
References Glasser, W. Counseling with Choice Theory: The New Reality Therapy
Loyd, Byron D. (2005). The effects of reality therapy/choice theory principles on high school students' perception of needs satisfaction and behavioral change. International Journal of Reality Therapy, Vol 25(1), 2005, 5-9
Wubbolding, R. (2000) Reality Therapy in the 21st Century.