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Engineering Careers

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[LK] Note to other EIRs who may want to use this presentation: Please see the notes sections of each slide to see my presentation notes. Please delete this text box and otherwise add and remove content as you like. Engineering Careers. Lucas Kruitwagen PEO Engineer-in-Residence. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Text of Engineering Careers

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Engineering CareersLucas KruitwagenPEO Engineer-in-Residence[LK] Note to other EIRs who may want to use this presentation: Please see the notes sections of each slide to see my presentation notes. Please delete this text box and otherwise add and remove content as you like.[LK]: This presentation was made in January 2014 for grade 9 and 10s at John Polanyi Collegiate Institute in Toronto. I was requested to discuss engineering careers, my story, the transition from high school to university, my interest in engineering, what engineering school was like, how I paid for it, and how I got my current job. I have removed much of the personalized and engaging contact from this presentation. Please adapt as you like! Any questions, feel free to contact me at [email protected] Happy presenting![LK]: On this slide I present myself and invite the group to have a discussion about engineering careers, not just a presentation1

[LK]: On this slide I present myself, the PEO and the EIR program2What is engineering? the application of math, science, and technology to build things a social experiment for the betterment of society the creative application of scientific principles to design or develop structures, machines, apparatus, or manufacturing processes, or works utilizing them singly or in combination; or to construct or operate the same with full cognizance of their design; or to forecast their behavior under specific operating conditions; all as respects an intended function, economics of operation or safety to life and property. [American Engineers Council for Professional Development] problem solving

[LK]: On this slide I invite the class to share with me what they know or perceive to know about engineering. Expected answers related to math, science, technology, building things (pt 1), share how my first-year professor described engineering (pt 2) and how AECPD describe engineering (pt 3), neither of which are helpful, and finally give my perspective (pt 4), which is problem solving3What is a profession?Advanced skill or knowledgeSelf-regulatingActs for the public good[LK]: invite the class again to discuss what a professional is. They can usually get pt 1, sometimes pt 24What is a profession?

[LK]: discuss a little the iron ring, tell the story of the iron ring, describe how it reminds the engineer of their duty to society. Animation shows that the iron ring does not make one a professional5Engineering DisciplinesLink [LK]: Link to a Prezi I made for the engineering disciplines. I went a bit wild on the prezi, the animations are a bit much6

UndergraduateGraduate[LK]: Animation shows in general, the undergraduate and graduate levels of engineering7Which University?What program?Home or away?Reputation of program?Affordability?Engineering:Theoretical or practical?Work placements and co-ops?[LK]: All this to illustrate that there are many things to consider in choosing a university and I am not qualified to recommend or advise anything8

[LK]: My alma matter, shows a more conservative, theoretical faculty9

[LK]: U of T similar to McGill. Point out Engineering Science and Industrial10

[LK]: A strong undergrad university, point out the variety of programs and special ones like Mechatronics and Nanotech11

[LK]: Presentation made for Toronto students, included Ryerson. Can also point out that most schools have an architecture program more or less associated with the engineering faculty (omitted in the preceding schools)12

[LK]: I like Carleton as an example b/c it has some of the most different undergraduate programs: sustainable energy, biomed, communications.13How to pay for it?Open scholarshipsSchool-specific scholarshipsNeeds-based or merit-basedOntario Student Assistance Program (OSAP)[LK]: This presentation was made for a low-income school. Needed to discuss what payment options would look like.14How to pay for it?InstitutionConestogaRyersonWaterlooU of TCarletonCarletonCarletonCarletonCarletonCarletonCarletonCarletonLocationAwayHomeAwayHomeAwayAwayAwayAwayAwayAwayAwayAwayFamily SituationSingle parent, low income, no siblingsSingle parent, low income, no siblingsSingle parent, low income, no siblingsSingle parent, low income, no siblingsCouple parents, high income, no siblingsCouple parents, high income, 1 siblingSingle parent, high income, 1 siblingSingle parent, high income, no siblingCouple parents, med income, no siblingsCouple parents, med income, 1 siblingSingle parent, med income, 1 siblingSingle parent, med income, no siblingEstimated CostsTuition$6,450 $8,871 $12,192 $12,363 $9,162 $9,162 $9,162 $9,162 $9,162 $9,162 $9,162 $9,162 Additional Fees$1,628 $871 $1,628 $1,619 $698 $698 $698 $698 $698 $698 $698 $698 Books and Supplies$2,352 $1,780 $2,034 $1,952 $1,672 $1,672 $1,672 $1,672 $1,672 $1,672 $1,672 $1,672 Travel and Living Allowances:$9,510 $3,692 $8,988 $3,584 $8,988 $8,988 $8,988 $8,988 $8,988 $8,988 $8,988 $8,988 TOTAL$19,940 $15,214 $24,842 $19,518 $20,520 $20,520 $20,520 $20,520 $20,520 $20,520 $20,520 $20,520 Estimated OSAP FundingProvincial Student Loans:$4,130 $1,730 $3,830 $2,092 $0 $2,535 $0 $0 $4,539 $4,539 $4,539 $4,007 Federal Student Loans:$7,560 $7,140 $7,140 $6,930 $7,140 $7,140 $7,140 $7,140 $7,140 $7,140 $7,140 $7,140 Provincial In-Year Grants:$1,270 $1,270 $1,270 $1,270 $0 $0 $0 $0 $561 $561 $561 $561 30% Off Ontario Tuition:$1,730 $1,730 $1,730 $1,730 $1,730 $1,730 $1,730 $1,730 $1,730 $1,730 $1,730 $1,730 Federal In-Year Grants:$837 $791 $791 $768 $0 $0 $0 $0 $791 $791 $0 $0 TOTAL$15,527 $12,661 $14,761 $12,790 $8,870 $11,405 $8,870 $8,870 $14,761 $14,761 $13,970 $13,438 SummaryTotal Student Loans:$11,690 $8,870 $10,970 $9,022 $7,140 $9,675 $7,140 $7,140 $11,679 $11,679 $11,679 $11,147 Ontario Student Opp. Grant:$4,390 $1,570 $3,670 $1,722 $0 $2,375 $0 $0 $4,379 $4,379 $4,379 $3,847 Outstanding Loan Debt:$7,300 $7,300 $7,300 $7,300 $7,140 $7,300 $7,140 $7,140 $7,300 $7,300 $7,300 $7,300 Tax Credit:$2,640 $2,899 $3,770 $3,813 $2,925 $2,925 $2,925 $2,925 $2,925 $2,925 $2,925 $2,925 Net Deficit$4,413 $2,553 $10,081 $6,728 $11,650 $9,115 $11,650 $11,650 $5,759 $5,759 $6,550 $7,082 [LK]: This is the result of the research I did into first-year OSAP loans. This is from OSAPs cost estimator and shows how different schools and family situations will lead to different loans and grants. Showed the difference between schools first, then uses Carleton as a control to show how different family situations will qualify for different sponsorship. The Net Deficit and Outstanding Loan Debt is what the student will be ultimately responsible to pay.[LK]: Ive used Conestoga college as an interesting example of colleges offering a B.Eng. Currently only Conestoga and BCIT are accredited to do so, but I think we may see more of this. This is a much cheaper option to get an engineering degree. Also good to note that many engineering fields can be entered with an engineering technologist/technician degree from a college, a much more affordable option than university. Can also talk about college-university bridging programs where the B.Eng is started at a college and finished at a university.15Does it pay off?Software Engineers:$53,177Mechanical Engineers:$68,658Electrical Engineers:$68,658Manufacturing Engineers:$64,567Chemical Engineers:$81,160Industrial Engineers:$64,199Environmental Engineers:$64,880Hardware Engineers:$66,012Design Engineers:$65,823Civil Engineers: $60,630

Average OSAP Payback is around 9 or 10 years. Between Co-op placements and higher salaries, engineers can expect to be debt-free quicker.[LK]: use this slide to show the debt is worth it. These figures are from Talent Egg for the Toronto area, but in my opinion they are too high. http://talentegg.ca/incubator/2013/09/17/average-starting-salaries-engineering-edition-2013/. I use the example of a coop student from waterloo working in my office currently making $19/hr. Get the students to do the calculation: 40 hrs/wk * 16 wks @ $19/hr = $12,160 for the work term16Transition to University

[LK]: These slides show some of the noteable things about going to university. Home cooking17

Transition to University[LK]: to eating dollar-store beans. Stay healthy!18Transition to University

[LK]: calculators in high-school math classes. Often sophisticated graphing calculator19Transition to University

[LK]: to pencil and paper problem sets and exams without a calculator20

Transition to University

[LK]: well-organized high school schedule21

Transition to University

[LK]: to relaxing on the quad instead of going to class (U of T campus) leading to failed grades! (animation)22

Transition to University

[LK]: leading back to a well organized schedule.23Transition to University

[LK]: small class sizes 24Transition to University

[LK]: to large lectures25Mechanical EngineeringMathematicsMechanicsThermofluidsOther Eng/SciOtherYear 1VectorsCalculus ACalculus EGen. ChemistryGen. PhysicsEng. Economics[Elective 1]Intro to Mech. Eng.Year 2ODEs & AlgebraAdvanced CalculusStaticsDynamicsThermo IComputers in Eng.Materials ScienceMeasurement LabMachine Tool LabComm. in Eng.Design Graphics[Elective 2]Year 3PDEsNum. MethodsSolid MechanicsMechanismsVibrationsThermo IIFluids IElectronicsDesign IYear 4Deformable SolidsSystem DynamicsHeat TransferFluids IIElectric MachinesAir Polln Eng. [TE]Design IIYear 5Turbomachinery [TE]Combustion [TE]Capstone ProjectTE = Technical Elective[LK]: This is what my engineering degree actually looked like, to give them an idea26

[LK]: this is what studies looked like27

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