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  • P2 Choosing the Right Engineering School for You

    P4 Preparing for Your Major

    P8 Gearing Up for Success P12 Funding Your Degree

    P14 Student Achievements

    I N S I D E T H I S I S S U E

    ENGINEERINGYOURFUTURE NACME 2014 Undergraduate Bulletin

    in partnership with

    With starting salaries far above the average for U.S. workers, and a fan- tastic job growth outlook, now is an excellent time to consider majoring in engineering.

    Students who build a strong foundation in math and science will have the opportunity for a career that leverages their creativity and innovative thinking.

    ENROLLMENT The number of bachelor’s degrees received in engineering grew by 6% in 2013, with 93,360 degrees awarded (according to the American Society for Engineering Education, ASEE). The most popular disciplines are mechanical, civil, and electrical engineering, accounting for about 48% of all degrees conferred in engineering.

    While college enrollment rates have increased for all student groups over the past 30 years,

    Engineering: Current Trends ethnic minorities are still underrepresented within the engineering field. Underrepresented minorities make up 31.7% of the overall popu- lation (U.S. Census Bureau, 2010) and 36% of all college-aged students. However, in 2013, Hispanics earned 9.3% of undergraduate degrees in engineering (up from 9% in 2012) and African Americans earned 4.3% (up only 0.1% from 2012). Retention rates of under- represented minorities in engineering fields are also a challenge, particularly for African American students.

    (Source: ASEE, “Engineering By the Numbers” by Brian L. Yoder, Ph.D. More detailed data for 358 U.S. and 12 Canadian engineering colleges reporting can be found in the 2013 Profiles of Engineering and Engineering Technology Colleges or online at www.asee.org/colleges).

    With the need for American engineers growing, college engineering departments are working hard to improve these figures. Attracting bright,

    A degree in engineering prepares you for making discoveries that can greatly impact people’s lives. Here are just a few of the exciting innovations going on in the field right now.

    AEROSPACE ENGINEERING: Aerospace engineers design, analyze, model, simulate, and test aircraft, spacecraft, satellites, missiles, and rockets.

    It may sound like the future, but a group of pilots and engineers at MIT recently produced a flying car. Displayed as a prototype at the New York International Auto Show, the Transition Roadable Aircraft can be driven on the road to the airport, into the air, and back.

    BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING: Biomedical engineers study biology and medicine to develop technologies related to health care, like medical diagnostic machines, artificial organs, and prosthetic devices.

    Biomedical researchers from the Georgia Institute of Technology and Emory University found a new

    Opportunities for Innovation

    (article continues on p.6)

    (continued on page 2)

    TPR Education IP Holdings, LLC. All rights reserved.

    The Princeton Review is not affiliated with Princeton University.

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    molecule that appears to stop the spread of cancer cells into normal brain tissue in animal models. This strategy could lead to vast improvements in clinical outcomes for brain cancer patients.

    CHEMICAL ENGINEERING: Chemical engineers discover and manufacture products like plastics, paints, fuels, medicines, fertilizers, semiconductors, paper, and all other kinds of chemicals.

    One of the hot issues for chemical engineers in the U.S. is the advancement of solar power as an alternative energy source. The U.S. Department of Energy recently provided funding to Purdue Uni- versity’s Solar Energy Research Group for the development of a cheaper solar cell.

    COMPUTER ENGINEERING: Computer engineers design, construct, implement, and maintain computers and computer- controlled equipment.

    Today, anyone with a computer is concerned about hackers and computer security. Two professors at Kansas State University are researching a computer network that could protect itself against online attackers by changing its setup and configuration automatically.

    MECHANICAL ENGINEERING: Mechanical engineers work in nearly every area of technology, developing anything that involves a mechanical process, from cars and snowmobiles, to rockets and nuclear reactors.

    Students and faculty at Virginia Poly- technic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech) are making a splash with Robojelly, a robotic jellyfish that never runs out of energy. This innovation has great potential to be used for underwa- ter search and rescue missions, as well as surveillance.

    There are many resources available

    to help you research which college

    to attend, but students interested

    in engineering have some unique

    factors to take into consideration.

    ACCREDITATION ABET is the accreditation organization for applied science, computing, engineering, and technology. Accredited engineering programs offer proof to employers—and to you, as a student—that graduates of these programs are prepared to enter their professions.

    Because employers recognize that ABET- accredited programs provide students with a solid educational foundation, companies looking to hire engineers prefer graduates from these programs.

    Other benefits of attending an accredited engineering program include:

    • Assurance that the program considers the students’ perspective as part of its continuous quality improvement process

    • Eligibility for federal student loans, grants, and scholarships

    • Qualification for many professional licensures, registrations, and certifications

    • Opportunities to practice engineering in international locations

    To see the entire list of ABET-accredited engineering colleges, visit http://main.abet. org/aps/Accreditedprogramsearch.aspx.

    AREA OF STUDY Whether you want to work on computers or spacecraft, develop new medicines or recycling equipment, or find solutions for pollution, communication, or transportation problems, there is an area of engineering to fit your career goals.

    The National Action Council for Minorities in Engineering, Inc. (NACME) provides detailed descriptions of the different areas of study in the NACME Guide to Engineering Colleges at www.nacme.org/ middle-high-school-programs.

    CHOOSING The Right Engineering School for You

    Once you have matched up your interests to a concentration, you can focus your search on the schools offering that specific program.

    Opportunities for Innovation Continued

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    COMMUNITY COLLEGE Low tuition, convenient locations, open admissions, and comprehensive course offerings are among the reasons many students choose to begin at community colleges. These colleges also play an important role in producing engineers. Transfer and articulation agreements permit students to complete math, science, and introduction to engineering courses at community colleges before transferring as juniors to four-year schools of engineering.

    The landmark 2010 NACME Community College Transfer Study found that 21% of NACME Scholars had transferred from a two- year to a four-year NACME Partner Institution; NACME transfer students had achieved higher grade point averages than traditional, four-year NACME Scholars; and transfer students were more likely than those who had started at four-year schools to be retained (enrolled or graduated) as of the 2008–2009 academic year.

    Learn more about NACME on page 6.

    RANKINGS While you ultimately want to find the best fit for you, examining college rankings is one way to compare prospective schools. To see school rankings for engineering, you can look at the U.S. News & World Report list, found at http://colleges.usnews.rankingsandreviews. com/best-colleges/rankings/engineering. Or, to view schools based on student ratings, such as “best professors,” “lots of race/class interaction,” or “best career services,” you can explore Princeton Review’s The Best 378 Colleges, or view the ratings online at www.princetonreview.com/college-rankings.

    U.S. POPULATION… AND STEM

    Estimated U. S. population of these groups by 2050

    Groups like NACME are working with partners everywhere to increase the numbers in the STEM fields…

    NACME Alumnus Raymond C. Dempsey, Jr. says… “As a NACME Scholar and beneficiary…I understand the need and the challenge we face to shape an engineering workforce that looks like America.”

    — Raymond C. Dempsey, Jr., Vice President, External Affairs,

    BP America Inc.

    30%

    40%

    Current U.S. population of African Americans, American Indians/ Alaska Natives, and Latinos

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    College Prep

    FAQ Common questions students have about preparing for college.

    HIGH SCHOOL ACADEMICS The courses you take in high school will help prepare you for a college engineering program. Check with the college or university you’re interested in for exact requirements, but the typical standards are:

    English: 4 Years Math: 4 Years, including algebra, geometry, and calculus Science: 3–4 Years, including physics if possible Social Sciences: 2–4 Years Foreign Language: 2–4 Years

    IMPROVING SAT AND ACT

    QUANTITATIVE SCORES Standardized test scores are just one pa