English Language Arts & Reading 1 Literature In the Elementary and the Middle School

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English Language Arts & Reading 1 Literature In the Elementary and the Middle School Slide 2 English Language Arts & Reading 2 Overview Literacy Development Listening Skills Oral Language Written Language Technology Parental Involvement Integration of Language Slide 3 English Language Arts & Reading 3 Introduction Study of Literature 4 Skills of Communication Reading & Comprehension Content Area Fluency Literature is Multifaceted Slide 4 English Language Arts & Reading 4 Objectives The intern will identify the relationship of literature to the language process develop skills in using literature-based instructional strategies define a wide range of literature from multimedia resources become familiar with literacy genre, terms and devices Slide 5 English Language Arts & Reading 5 Objectives develop lessons which use a variety of higher level thinking skills know a variety of questioning strategies used in analyzing literature become proficient in using literacy strategies for literature and content area reading Slide 6 English Language Arts & Reading 6 Language Development Receptive Language Listening Reading Expressive Language Oral Written Slide 7 English Language Arts & Reading 7 Literature-Based Skills Scaffolded Instruction Modeling Cooperative Learning Choices Independent Reading Modes of Reading Prior Knowledge Responses to Literature Slide 8 English Language Arts & Reading 8 Choosing Literature Genre AwardWinning Books Listservs and Websites Slide 9 English Language Arts & Reading 9 Literary Terms Title Author Illustrator Playwright Theater Stage Act Dialogue Scene Analogy Dialect Slide 10 English Language Arts & Reading 10 Literary Devices Foreshadowing Flashback Symbolism Style Tone Mood Figurative Language Irony Slide 11 English Language Arts & Reading 11 Enrichment Activities Storytelling Drama Creative Drama Puppetry Music and Song Slide 12 English Language Arts & Reading 12 Reading Strategies Character Setting Plot Comprehension Compare and Contrast Cause and Effect Feelings Paint a Picture Prediction Retelling Conclusions Decisions Sequencing Slide 13 English Language Arts & Reading 13 Literary Strategies Paint a Picture Yourself in My Shoes Make Good Guesses Storyteller Figure Out Judgment Order What and Why Alike and Different Character Web Story Map Slide 14 English Language Arts & Reading 14 Questioning Strategies ThoughtProvoking Question Starters Higher-Level Scheme About a Novel Non-Fiction QAR Question Frames and Starters Classification Scheme Slide 15 English Language Arts & Reading 15 Integrated Thematic Instruction Definitions Teacher Read Aloud Literature Connection Content Areas Researched Materials Slide 16 English Language Arts & Reading 16 Researched Materials Format for Themes Format for Lesson Plans Blooms Taxonomy Integrated Lesson Jigsaw Lesson Classroom Ideas Reading from the Internet Slide 17 English Language Arts & Reading 17 Literary Strategies Quick Write Whats in a Picture Question of the Day K-W-L 4 Square Vocabulary 10 Important Words Analogies Teacher Read Aloud From the Source Slide 18 English Language Arts & Reading 18 Do You Know Bridging Picture Books 5 Minute Book Talk Memory Box Explorers Kit VIP Maps Character Home Pages Literary Strategies Slide 19 English Language Arts & Reading 19 Quick Write A short, focused writing in response to a specific prompt Activates students prior knowledge Provides a starting point for a lesson Slide 20 English Language Arts & Reading 20 Quick Write 1. Teacher formulates a question related to the content. 2. Student responds in writing, usually 5 to 7 minutes. 3. The purpose is to express thoughts without concern for mechanics of writing. 4. When time expires, student shares his response with a partner or whole class. Procedures Slide 21 English Language Arts & Reading 21 Quick Write Topic: The Poet You Like Best Literary Connection: Where the Sidewalk Ends by Shel Silverstein Content Connection: Language Arts Activity: Read several of the poems. Choose a topic and type of poem to write. Write your poem. Share your poem with the class. Topic Activity Slide 22 English Language Arts & Reading 22 Whats in a Picture Designed to use visual literacy (Imagery) Heightens student interest and imagination Slide 23 English Language Arts & Reading 23 Whats in a Picture 1. Describe the image. 2. What does it remind you of? 3. Speculate what the image is and how it is connected to the lesson on writing descriptive paragraphs. Procedures Slide 24 English Language Arts & Reading 24 Whats in a Picture Topic: Do You See What I See? Literary Connection: There are Those by Nathan and Janet Levy Content Connection: Art and Language Arts Activity: Draw a picture and write a short story or poem about it. Topic Activity Slide 25 English Language Arts & Reading 25 Question of the Day An open-ended question designed to intrigue students Use prior knowledge See relevance of what they are learning Slide 26 English Language Arts & Reading 26 Question of the Day 1. Write the question on the board or overhead. It must involve problemsolving and creativity. 2. Students respond in writing. They may include diagrams or drawings. 3. Teacher uses their responses as basis for class discussion to springboard into the days lesson. Procedures Slide 27 English Language Arts & Reading 27 Question of the Day Topic: Ballet and Geometry Literary Connection: A Ballet Primer Content Area Connection: Writing Activity: How are Ballet and Geometry alike? Write or draw the answer in your journals. Topic Activity Slide 28 English Language Arts & Reading 28 K W L Provides a structure for active reading Elicits student input Slide 29 English Language Arts & Reading 29 K W L 1. Introduce KWL and KWLQ. 2. Brainstorm what they already know. 3. Record the information. 4. Generate a list of what they want to learn. 5. Read with a purpose. 6. List more questions they want to know. Procedures Slide 30 English Language Arts & Reading 30 K W L Topic: Multiple intelligences Literary Connection: The Prince Activity: List all of the things you know about multiple intelligences on the KWL chart. List the things you want to know on the chart. Read the story aloud to the class. Relate the Princes challenges to each intelligence. Topic Activities Slide 31 English Language Arts & Reading 31 4-Square Vocabulary Is an interactive way to introduce key vocabulary words; Based on verbal and visual associations; Draws on personal experiences; and Develops conceptual understanding of important terms. Slide 32 English Language Arts & Reading 32 4-Square Vocabulary 1. Divide paper into four squares and number each section. 2. Write new vocabulary word in square 1. 3. Teacher presents word in context, giving definitions, verbal / visual examples and non-examples. 4. Generate and discuss their own verbal / visual examples. 5. In square 2, student writes an example from personal experience. Procedures Slide 33 English Language Arts & Reading 33 4-Square Vocabulary 6. Teacher directs students to generate their own verbal / visual non-examples, writing a non-example in square 3. 7. In square 4, write definition of the term in their own words. 8. Check definition in dictionary. 9. Locate term in content being read. Procedures Slide 34 English Language Arts & Reading 34 10 Most Important Words Helps students be aware of the value of connections among key concepts. Shows the importance of prior knowledge. Slide 35 English Language Arts & Reading 35 10 Most Important Words 1. Introduce topics and discuss what they already know. 2. Students predict and list what they think the ten most important words will be. 3. Students will work in small groups to compare lists and agree on 10 words. 4. Students then read and finalize the list. Procedures Slide 36 English Language Arts & Reading 36 10 Most Important Words Topic: Saving the Earth Literary Connection: 50 Simple Things Kids Can Do to Save the Earth by John Javna Content Area Connection: Science Examples: List the 10 most important words or phrases. Some words might be: acid rain, air pollution, greenhouse effect, ozone hole, water pollution, endangered animals, toxic waste Topic Activity Slide 37 English Language Arts & Reading 37 Analogies Comparison of something that is known with something new Provides a preview of what is to be learned Makes abstract concepts understood Slide 38 English Language Arts & Reading 38 Analogies 1. Teacher presents several analogies related to the concept and models how they are developed. 2. From a list, students choose a concept. 3. Students explore the concept and record its elements, and characteristics. 4. Find a familiar concept that has elements that are parallel to the concept. 5. Develop the analogy. Procedures Slide 39 English Language Arts & Reading 39 Analogies Topic: Politics and Sports Literary Connection: Current events in magazines, newspapers, or television Content Connection: Language Arts, Physical / Health Education Topic Activity Slide 40 English Language Arts & Reading 40 Analogies Politicians often use sports analogies to get their messages across. Read and/or listen to their analogies. What message did it send about sports? Develop own analogies using sports compared with health concepts. Activity: Using the article from Time, develop an analogy about VicePresident Cheneys heart and sports. Topic Activity Slide 41 English Language Arts & Reading 41 Teacher Read Aloud Creates interest and curiosity Five minutes can set the stage for important ideas Slide 42 English Language Arts & Reading 42 Teacher Read Aloud 1. Materials can be found anywhere. 2. Appropriate age, length, and writing style should be considered. 3. Practice a selection to know what words and phrases to