www.zaluu.com www.zaluu.com . 1.1 . : (numerals) (nouns) (adjectives) (pronouns) (verbs) (adverb) (prepositions) (conjunction) . . , , , , . : This boy plays a chess well. : . - . . /: In addition, you must undrstand that high technology is the basis of development. .
(style). . "" . /: frankly- I say to you frankly ( ) . (content) (modal) (evaluative) 2 .
(adjuncts) ( ), , , . (Particularizer)- . /: at least ( ), in particular ( ) (additive adverbs)- . as well(, , )
: , , . . + (phrase)- . . : You can find this pencil in that place. : . / / . as....as- : Erdene speaks English as well as Bayar does. .
www.zaluu.com www.zaluu.com not so ...as / not as...as- -: This year I wont work so hard as I did before. . the...the: The slower I go the more I catch cold. . 1.2 :
: Premodifier so very too more well quickly easily Head Postmodifier indeed to see well than ever
I. II. I. (Adverb phrases made with preposition) (Adverb phrases made with infinitives)- .
www.zaluu.com www.zaluu.com*She bought some spinach when she went to the corner store. . to the corner store "went" . // *Lightning flashed brightly in the night sky. . in the night sky " flashed " . // *In early October, Giselle planted twenty tulip bulbs; unfortunately, squirrels ate the bulbs and none bloomed. 20 . // In early October . *We will meet at the library at 3:30 P.M. 3:30- . at 3:30 P.M will meet . / / The dogs were capering about the clown's feet. . about the clown's feet were capering . / / II.
. : I'm saving my money to buy a car.
www.zaluu.com www.zaluu.com . // The students all showed up to support the team. . // Sally brought a painting home from school to show to her mother. . // 1.3 Type Adverb phrase Example The carpenter hit the nail with a hammer. . The woman who lives next door is a doctor. Place next door . We must finish our project before the holidays. Time before the holidays .
with a hammer
Jodie buys two CDs every month. 2 CD . Jack bought the flowers for his mother. .
for his mother
in a brave manner //, in a beautiful manner / way / style //, with great promptitude /, without care //,
www.zaluu.com www.zaluu.com2 Place 3 on this spot //, in all places / /, to the movies //, to another place / /, at that place //, to a foreign nation / / in former times / once upon a time / /, just now or at a recent date //, before very long Time //, at the moment //, on holidays / /, during the war / /, from this moment / /,
as often as possible / /, every month / /, two times a week / 2 / to see brother / /, for fun //, to buy a car/ /, to support the team / /,
1.4 . , . :
He spoke in a polite manner. .
She hurried to the mainland to see her brother. .
. No such diseases were known in those days. .
www.zaluu.com www.zaluu.comThe senator ran to catch the bus. . Every afternoon before supper, Dad impatiently walks into town to get a newspaper. . 1.5 .
THE ROYAL ORDER OF ADVERBS Verb Beth swims Manner enthusiastically Place in the pool into town in her room Frequency every morning every afternoon every morning Time before dawn before supper before lunch. Purpose to keep in shape. to get a newspaper.
Dad walks impatiently Tashonda naps
. . . : "Every morning, mom heaves-offering milk to the sun. .
www.zaluu.com www.zaluu.comTOFEL- . . *No longer ( )- . ? . I can no longer see without my glasses. ( .) : We can not longer tolerate living with Terry.
: We can no longer tolerate living with Terry. ( .) : Brad here. none longer here. .
works Brad no longer works
Since she talked with her Since she talked with her interested in majoring
advisor, she is not longer advisor, she is no longer in interested in majoring in political science. . political science.
The person you are trying to The person you are trying telephone number. this telephone number.
reach is no long at this to reach is no longer at . Although they used to write Although they used to
each other every day, they write each other every are not longer exchanging day, they are not longer letters. exchanging letters. . *For, since-
For- . ? . Since . ? - , 2 . , 7- , 1960 .
www.zaluu.com www.zaluu.com : since three weeks.
Mary has been on a diet Mary has been on a diet 3 for three weeks. . She has been living here She has been living here 4 before April. almost a year. since April. almost a year. . 1 . We have known each other We have known each 1974 before 1974. five years. other since 1974. for five years. . . *As a whole(, ) . : . was wholly He has studied English since He has studied English 5 We havent seen him since We havent seen him for
Wholly, we are in agreement. As a whole, we are in agreement. contents was as a whole contents consumed by the fire.
The house and all of its The house and all of its consumed by the fire. .
The terms are not rated The terms are not rated evenly matched. Wholly, Dans they are evenly matched. operation As a whole, . Dans
equally, but, wholly, they are equally, but, as a whole,
proved to be successful.
operation proved to be successful.
As whole, people try to be As a whole, people try to
www.zaluu.com www.zaluu.comhelpful to tourists. be helpful to tourists. .
www.zaluu.com www.zaluu.com . ? Has TV destroyed communication? ? Nowadays, television plays an important role in peoples life. It is the main information source and its popularity is still growing. Every day many new technological inventions are introduced. Almost all activities at home have already been mechanized. We use machines for everything. For example, we use microwave ovens to prepare food more quickly than we used to do it before; we order food, books and anything else we need just by clicking on few buttons on the computer keyboard. Also we use mobile phones to be always in touch with our family, friends and the rest of the world. This is the good side of using technology. A few centuries ago people used to read newspapers and find out everything that happened all over the world. Today newspapers are almost completely replaced by a newly invented gadget. This innovation called television. It has been the most popular information supplier since its invention. Every evening family member sit in front of the TV set and watch TV programs such as talking show, movies and news for hours, sometimes without even saying a word to each other. Instead of sitting around the dining table and telling each other about what happened earlier that day they sit on the sofa and gaze at the TV screen. Is that right? Apparently, it is not. We should ask ourselves whether we want to lead such a life with no real contact with other human beings. Everybody has to think for himself whether he and his family want to become couch potatoes or they should continue to communicate with each other and avoid using TV and all other technological achievements so much. Is it really worth it.
www.zaluu.com www.zaluu.com Nowadays, television plays an important role in peoples life. . in peoples life + ?
Every day many new technological inventions are introduced. .
For example, we use microwave ovens to prepare food more quickly than we used to do it before; we order food, books and anything else we need just by clicking on few buttons on the computer keyboard. : ; , .
to+ Adv+by+ verb(ing)
? ? ?
just by clicking on few buttons on the computer keyboard
Also we use mobile phones to be always in touch with our family, friends and the rest of the world. , .
www.zaluu.com www.zaluu.com To+verb ?
in , our
family, friends and the rest of the world
A few centuries ago people used to read newspapers and find out everything that happened all over the world. .
centuries ago all over
Today newspapers are almost completely replaced by a newly invented .
It has been the most popular information supplier since its invention. .
Every evening family member sit in front of th