Entrepreneurship Building the New Ventures Human Resources: Recruiting, Motivating, and Retaining High-Performance Employees 13
13-2 Surround yourself with the best people you can find, delegate authority, and dont interfere. --Ronald Reagan, 1986
13-3 Ultimate Success Success for new ventures derives from a smooth and orderly shift to a state in which the entrepreneur has assembled a first-rate team of employees to whom she or he can delegate many of the growing ventures key processes.
13-4 Attracting, Motivating, and Retaining Employees Why are these topics important? In the early stages, you perform them. You can place your personal stamp on these processes. When its time to delegate, youll choose the best people for the job.
13-5 Recruiting and Selection The search for high-performance employees begins with two questions: Where should you search for high- quality employees? What specific techniques should you use to identify the best among them?
13-6 Knowing What You Need Job analysiswhat knowledge, skills, and abilities are required? Job descriptionan overview of what the job involves
13-7 Beginning the Search Social networks Trade journals, newspapers, etc. College and university employment centers Internet sites Current customers Headhunters
13-8 Selection Selection tools and techniques must be Reliable Valid Legal
13-9 Employment Interviews This selection technique is low in validity because: Interviews are largely unstructured Interviewers may ask different questions of applicants Interviewers may be biased Assessing others is more difficult than most people realize
13-10 Improving Interviews The validity of interviews can be improved with Structured interviews Biodata Reference checks
13-11 Motivation Behavior that is energized by, and directed toward, reaching some desired target or objective ArousalDirectionPersistence GOAL
13-12 The Role of Goals in Motivation Goals must be Challenging Attainable Specific Accepted Reinforced with feedback
13-13 Expectancy Theory People will be motivated when they believe that Expending effort will improve performance Good performance will be rewarded The rewards offered are the ones they really value
13-14 Maintaining Motivation Provide the training and resources necessary to ensure that effort leads to good performance Recognize and reward good performance Provide the rewards employees really value
13-15 Fairness and Motivation Unfairness leads to a strong drop in motivation. Unfairness is perceived when theres an imbalance between contributions and outcomes relative to those of other persons.
13-16 Its Not Fair Distributive justice Procedural justice Interactional justice
13-17 Playing Fair Link rewards closely to performance Establish fair procedures for employee evaluations and rewards Treat employees with courtesy and respect
13-18 Making Jobs Motivating Job designstructuring jobs so they increase peoples interest Job enlargement Job enrichment
13-19 Retention Strategies Developing excellent reward systems Building a high level of commitment and loyalty among employees
13-20 Pay for Performance Merit pay plans Bonuses, awards, and stock options Team-based incentives Profit sharing Employee stock ownership plans
13-21 Organizational Commitment The extent to which an individual identifies and is involved with his or her organization and is, therefore, unwilling to leave it
13-22 Types of Commitment Continuance commitment Affective commitment Normative commitment
13-23 Phases of Company Growth Conception/existence Survival Profitability and stabilization Profitability and growth Take-off Maturity
13-24 The Control Barrier Phase One Phase Two Phase Three Phase Four Phase Five Phase Six Entrepreneurs skills and abilities and essential to success CONTROL BARRIER Delegation, recruiting, motivation, and retention are crucial factors