Equine Industry CareersEquine Science 3
Essential SkillsReadingWritingMathListeningSpeaking Critical Thinking
Interpersonal SkillsTechnology SkillsResponsibilitySelf-EsteemSelf-Management
Industry Specific SkillsInterest in horsesMobilityParticularly in racehorse industry travel may be requiredJobs may be seasonalWillingness to VolunteerHaving an open mind
Importance of VolunteerismThe horse industry thrives on volunteer participationVolunteering helps you make contactsVolunteering is a great way to get experience and develop skills through hands on activitiesGood way to find out about potential jobs
Having an Open MindDo not limit your objectives/goals when considering a career in the equine industryYou may have to work into a career gradually (either part-time or volunteer)Many people who work with rodeos or horse shows are bi-vocational (they work a regular job during the week).Diversifying your skill set (learning new skills) will help you find a job/careerA good way to find out about jobs and to learn more about the industry is to subscribe to trade journals
Careers in Equine ScienceThe careers in the industry fall into several categories:Directly, Daily contact with horses (Primary)Supplies and Support ServicesHorse shows and RodeosRacehorse IndustryRecreational Careers
Primary Equine CareersVeterinarianMounted PolicemanHorse BreederRiding InstructorTrainerStable ManagerFarrier
VeterinarianDiagnose and treat horses for disease prevention and cureAlso maintain horse healthRequired to have a four-year degree plus a doctoral degree in veterinary medicine (DVM)
The Vet School IssueThere are only 27 vet schools in the USAIn total they accept ~3000 students per yearVet school is much harder to get into than medical schoolWhile a 4 year degree in Animal Science is most common, almost any degree is acceptable for admission
Vet School Student ProfileIn 2007 the average first year vet student:Had a 3.54 undergraduate GPAWas 24 years and 2 months of ageHad been in college for just under 4 years alreadyWas most likely female
Non-Typical Vet CareersUSAF Special Assistant for Biological Warfare DefenseNASA- AstronautWildlife VeterinarianAgroterrorism Planner/ CoordinatorFDA Center for Veterinary MedicineEPA Environmental Response TeamUSDA Food Safety Inspection Service
Mounted PolicemanMounted Policeman were made famous by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (Mounties) who are basically the Canadian FBIThe job requires a college education in law enforcement that should be supplemented by education and experience in horse care and behavior
Horse BreederHorse Breeders develop and manage equine breeding programsThey should be familiar with traditional breeding as well as techniques such as artificial insemination and semen collectionThe education/training must include a strong emphasis on equine reproductive physiology and equine behavior
Riding InstructorRiding Instructors teach others how to rideThey should be familiar with horse and human behavior as well as equestrian principles.Riding instructors may have formal college education or significant hands on experience and training
Horse TrainerHorse Trainers train horses for different purposesThey should have a strong understanding of horse behavior and have patienceThey should relate well to horses in order to overcome the fears of horsesTraining may be formal or informal
Stable ManagerStable managers run horse stablesThey should have a solid understanding of the proper care and feeding of horsesThey should be able to manage employees and make decisionsMuch of the work involves working outside and with horses.Training is typically on-the-job.
FarrierFarriers care for horses feet, which includes trimming hooves and shoeing.Farriers often travel from farm to farm to provide services.Training is almost always done on an apprenticeship basis.Most farriers are self-employed.
Careers in Equine Supplies and SupportThese careers may involve direct contact with horses but not typically on a daily basis.These jobs typically provide things that are needed by those working in the primary careers.
Commercial Feed ManufacturerHorse Trailer DesignerTack and Equipment MakerExtension Horse SpecialistCollege Professor
Commercial Feed ManufacturerThese jobs involve the production and processing of horse feedsTherefore a good knowledge of the digestive physiology of horses is importantThey must also have a knowledge of feeds and the nutritional values of feed supplementsNCSU offers a minor in Feed Mill Management
Horse Trailer DesignerThese careers involve designing (and building) horse trailersDesigners must be able to satisfy the demands and concerns of horse ownersThis career typically involves little direct contact with horses.Education may include graphic design as well as basic agricultural engineering.
Tack and Equipment MakerThese people design and make tack and other equipment needed in the equine industryThey must understand the role that equipment plays in a successful equestrian activity.They will usually work more worth riders and owners than horses.
Extension Horse SpecialistThese government/university employees work with horse owners and other professionals on issues of horse health and management.They are typically either county extension agents or university specialists who give free advice.A masters or doctorate degree is needed to be an extension specialist.
College ProfessorCollege professors provide instruction to students for a career with an equine science major or minor. A doctorate degree is required to be a professor.
Careers in Horse Shows and RodeosThese careers often involve daily, direct contact with horses but require travel to different places on a show or rodeo circuitRingmasterJudgesStewardsShow SecretariesShow managersRodeo Cowboy/CowgirlRodeo clowns
Horse Show JobsThe ringmaster provides direction for the orderly flow of a horse show.-This job is often done on a part-time and volunteer basis.The Judges responsibility is to be a recorder. They are honest, unbiased, and able to apply all association rules toward their discision making.A stewards job is to make sure that both the judge and the spectators are abiding by association and USEF rules during all competition times.Show secretaries are in charge of all paperwork and organizational aspects of a horse show.The show manager produces the horse show and makes sure to have the show fully staffed and help it to run efficiently.
Rodeo Cowboy / CowgirlThese people must be extremely skilled in riding horses.They must be willing to travel.No formal education is required but considerable practice is required to become successful.
Racehorse Industry CareersOften these careers are a blend of primary careers and those jobs on show/rodeo circuits that may be in direct contact with horses on a ranch in addition to traveling on a race circuit.Jockey/Exercise RiderRacing ChemistHandicapper
Jockey / Exercise RiderJockeys ride horses during races.Exercise riders ride horses during training.Jockeys must be extremely competitive.These jobs are often secured through apprenticeships.Jockeys may be paid a percentage of the purse or a standard fee.
Racing ChemistRacing Chemists, or drug inspectors, take and analyze blood from horses to check for the use of drugs and steroids.Racing Chemists must have high moral values (honesty) to insure test credibility.These people are sometimes employed by states where horse racing is popular.College degrees, often advanced degrees, are required.
HandicapperHandicappers set odds on horses in a race.They must understand the pair-mutual system.They should be fair and ethical in handicapping horses.Degrees in statistics are often useful for these jobs.
Recreational CareersThese careers involve those who organize the direct sporting activities and trail rides for hire.Field MasterDirect hunts and horse activities for sport and recreation.Must be responsible enough to ensure the safety of all participants.