European Transformations (1350-1650) Spain and the Dutch Republic

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  • European Transformations (1350-1650)Spain and the Dutch Republic

  • Regina Europa, Cosmographia, 1544 (Sebestian Munster)

  • Why not Spain?

  • Philip II and Queen MaryCharles V

  • Queen Elizabeth I

  • Why the Dutch?Anti-Spanish revolution (1557-1648) Merchant oligarchy (strong support for state)Productive hinterland (livestock)Dependence on international trade (Baltic) Religious freedom (Attract Protestants, Jews)Balance of power in Europe

  • Fluit-model

  • Jan Pieterszoon Coen

  • Dutch trading post, Java, 1660s

  • Tulip design in Ottoman art

  • Ambassadors by Holbein (1533)

  • Temperance