Executive functions in adults with attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder

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<ul><li><p>rie de</p><p>W</p><p>CdnLa</p><p>Kb</p><p>Tc</p><p>OwMofCmRTHCwsCi</p><p>h</p><p>W</p><p>EhJa</p><p>b</p><p>IAwnMEaCRc(mpstCa</p><p>h</p><p>W</p><p>AfphAa</p><p>b</p><p>c</p><p>d</p><p>Fe</p><p>U</p><p>Oww1Mwrw(pPaRs2Cii</p><p>h</p><p>W</p><p>TbDa</p><p>b</p><p>S</p><p>Ob(MAtIRdpptfCwTbgmp</p><p>h</p><p>W</p><p>Taa</p><p>IACAPAP 2012 20th World congress / Neuropsychiat</p><p>e-P-3015</p><p>hild behavior checklist profiles in children with attentioneficit hyperactivity disorder between subtypes during aatural follow-up for 6 months. Wang a,, Y. Huang b, C. Chen cDepartment of Psychiatry, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital at Keelung,eelung, TaiwanDepartment of Child Psychiatry, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital at Linkou,aoyuan, TaiwanChang Gung University School of Medicine, Taoyuan, TaiwanCorresponding author.</p><p>bjectives. To investigate the behavioral profiles of patients with ADHD bet-een subtypes in realistic clinical setting.ethods. ADHD patients aged between 6 and 12 years were recruited in this</p><p>bservational-prospective study. Patient care include the drug therapy was per-ormed at the discretion of the psychiatrist for 6 months. The Child Behaviorhecklist (CBCL) was completed by patients parents at the initial visit and 6onths later.esults. There were 50 ADHD patients with mean age of 7.84 1.64 years.hirty-five of them were hyperactive-impulsive type or combined type (ADHD-), and 15 were inattentive type (ADHD-I). The scores of eight subscales inBCL were all significantly improved during 6 months. Comparing to patientsith ADHD-H, patients with ADHD-I had greater improvements in three sub-</p><p>cales of CBCL, including hyperactivity, aggressive behavior, and delinquency.onclusions. The patients with ADHD-I might have a higher potential for</p><p>mproving in disruptive behaviors in clinical setting.</p><p>ttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neurenf.2012.04.659</p><p>e-P-3016</p><p>xecutive functions in adults with attention deficit andyperactivity disorder</p><p>. Alaghband-Rad a,, B. Dashti b, P. Farhadbeigi bTehran, IranInstitute of Cognitive Science Studies, Tehran, IranCorresponding author.</p><p>ntroduction. The study seeks to compare executive functions in adults withDHD as compared to normal adults. There are several such studies in childrenith ADHD but much less is known about the disorder in adults especially theeuropsychological aspect of it.ethod. Twenty-two adults (above 18 years old) were diagnosed with ADHD.xecutive functions of those cases were compared with 20 matched normaldults without ADHD through the three instruments of Tower of London (TOL),ontinuous Performance Test (CPT) and Stroop test.esults. Performance of cases was weaker than control group in TOL spe-ially in planning time (mean = 5.02 2.98,P&lt; 0.023) and number of movementmean = 2.31 0.65,P&lt; 0.001) of Level 2. Also in CPT, the ADHD adults madeore errors with significant difference in the variable of commission errors com-</p><p>ared with normal adults (mean = 5.29 15.6, P&lt; 0.07). Results of Stroop testhowed that cases had significantly more errors in discriminating the color ofhe word cards (mean = 0.17 0.57, P&lt; 0.009).onclusion. In general, our results indicate a pattern of cognitive profile fordults with ADHD similar to children affected by the same disorder.</p><p>ttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neurenf.2012.04.660</p><p>e-P-3017</p><p>12-month prospective, observational study of changes inunctional outcomes in children and adolescents prescribedharmacological treatment for attention deficityperactivity disorder</p><p>. Ershova a, M. Yu b,, D. Desaiah c, N.N. Zavadenko d, H.Y. Gao eEli Lilly Vostok S.A., Moscow, Russian FederationEli Lilly Canada, Toronto, ON, CanadaLilly Research Laboratories, Indianapolis, IN, USA</p><p>Da</p><p>b</p><p>lenfance et de ladolescence 60S (2012) S254S309 S257</p><p>Department of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Medical Genetics of Pediatricaculty, Russian State Medical University, Moscow, Russian FederationDepartment of Psychological Medicine, Childrens Hospital of Fudanniversity, Shanghai, China</p><p>Corresponding author.</p><p>bjective. To measure change in functional outcomes in children/adolescentsith attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) being initiated on therapyith a single pharmacological agent for ADHD, in a naturalistic setting, over a-year period.ethods. This phase 4, prospective, observational, non-interventional studyas conducted at 28 centers in 6 non-Western countries/areas (Russian Fede-</p><p>ation, China, Taiwan, Egypt, United Arab Emirates, and Lebanon). Patientsere enrolled in pharmacological monotherapy: stimulant (n= 221), nootropicn= 91) or atomoxetine (n= 234). Patients were observed based on physician-rescribed treatment regimens, assessed by the Child Health and IllnessrofileChild Edition (CHIP-CE) Achievement domain, and followed up over12-month period.esults. At endpoint, mean improvement on CHIP-CE Achievement domaincore was observed for all countries and therapies (mean change between.019.0) except patients in Taiwan who received atomoxetine (mean change4.2).onclusions. After 1 year of treatment, functional improvements were observed</p><p>n children/adolescents from non-Western countries (except for Taiwan) whonitiated and remained on prescribed ADHD pharmacological monotherapy.</p><p>ttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neurenf.2012.04.661</p><p>e-P-3018</p><p>he relationship between object relations and parentingehavior of mothers of ADHD children. Lee a,, B. Kim b, E. Park b, A. Son bPsychiatry, Seoulipsychiatric clinic, Seoul, KoreaPsychiatry, Department of Psychiatry, Inje University Sanggye Paik Hospital,eoul, KoreaCorresponding author.</p><p>bjectives. This study was conducted to compare object relations and parentingehavior in the mothers of children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity DisorderADHD) compared to the mothers of normal children.ethods. In this study, we studied 64 mothers of children diagnosed withDHD and 90 mothers of normal children. They completed the Bell Object Rela-</p><p>ions Inventory (BORI), Parenting Behavior Inventory (PBI), Parenting Stressndex (PSI) and Parenting Sense of Competence (PSOC).esults. In comparison with the mothers of normal children, the mothers of chil-ren with ADHD showed significantly different results in the parenting stress andarenting efficacy. In parenting behavior, the mothers of children with ADHDerceived their mother as more neglectful. On the other hand, the mothers ofhe normal control group perceived their mother as more affectionate and theirather more reasonable and monitoring.onclusion. This study suggests a significant difference in object relation bet-een the mothers of children with ADHD and the mothers with normal children.he object relation pathology of mother of children with ADHD might contri-ute to parenting behavior. Result of the present study indicates that inadequaterandparental rearing behavior affects insecure object relation of their child, theother, and a mothers insecure object relation affects their parental stress and</p><p>arenting efficacy.</p><p>ttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neurenf.2012.04.662</p><p>e-P-3019</p><p>he effect of mothers object relation on mothers rearingttitude and childrens self-esteem in children withttention-deficit hyperactivity disorder</p><p>. Lee a,, B. Kim b, E. Park b, M. Ko bPsychiatry, Seoulipsychiatric Clinic, Seoul, KoreaPsychiatry, Sanggye Paik Hospital, Inje University, Seoul, KoreaCorresponding author.</p><p>dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neurenf.2012.04.659dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neurenf.2012.04.660dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neurenf.2012.04.661dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neurenf.2012.04.662</p></li></ul>

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