EXODUS - ibclr.org EXODUS OVERVIEW CHART4. Personal Study Guide | ibclr.org EXODUS 7 III. THE MESSAGE

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  • S U N D A Y S C H O O L P E R S O N A L S T U D Y G U I D E

    E X O D U S

    B O O K 1 � L E S S O N S 1 - 1 4

    G O D O N T H E M O V E

  • Dr. Daniel Hinton, author

    S U N D A Y S C H O O L | B O O K 1 | L E S S O N S 1 - 1 4

    P E R S O N A L S T U D Y G U I D E

    E X O D U S G O D O N T H E M O V E

  • a letter from Ste ven W. Sm it h , Ph D

    Exodus: God on the Move

    We are profoundly grateful that God loves us enough to come after us.

    This is the story of Exodus. God is coming after His people.

    God forged a covenant with Abraham. This was not Abraham’s idea. It was God’s idea. He came after him. And the God who led him eventually led his family to Egypt.

    We are grateful that God delivers us.

    Egypt saved them. But after 400 years their salvation became their slavery. And so God comes out after His people to deliver them from their bondage.

    We are grateful that God lives among us.

    God decided that He would manifest His presence in a tabernacle in the wilderness. God is no longer watching and seeing, He is among His people. What a glorious thought.

    And now we have the themes of Exodus: covenant, deliverance from bondage, and God’s presence. We also have the story of our own lives: God initiates a covenant with us, God frees us from slavery and sin, and then God brings us into His presence.

    We find ourselves in Exodus, and we find the storyline of the Bible. Atonement, sacrifice, deliverance, and the Gospel come into full color when we study Exodus. If the Gospel is a plan, it serves both as the backdrop and the navigational tool in which we are led to God and to an understanding of ourselves. And we have it in one magnificent story. To God alone be the glory for His precious word, and for being God on the Move.

    Onward,

    Steven Smith, Senior Pastor

    TA B L E O F C O N T E N T S

  • TA B L E O F C O N T E N T S

    S U N D A Y S C H O O L P E R S O N A L S T U D Y G U I D E

    5 Historical Context Reference Guide (This one-page guide highlights the historical context for the entire book of Exodus)

    6 Literary Context (Understand the book as a whole.)

    6 Redemptive Context

    Reference Guide (This one-page chart most thoroughly describes Exodus within salvation history. It is important to remind students throughout the study, of Exodus’ connection to the other Old and New Testament books.)

    10 LESSON 1 Ch 1:1-14

    20 LESSON 2 Ch 1:15-22

    30 LESSON 3 Ch 2

    42 LESSON 4 Ch 3:1-10

    52 LESSON 5 Ch 3:11-22

    64 LESSON 6 Ch 4:1-31

    76 LESSON 7 Ch 5:1-7:7

    88 LESSON 8 Ch 7:8-10:29

    100 LESSON 9 Ch 11:1-12:32

    114 LESSON 10 Ch 12:33-13

    128 LESSON 11 Ch 14

    140 LESSON 12 Ch 15

    152 LESSON 13 Ch 16-17

    164 LESSON 14 Ch 18

  • 4 EXODUS Personal Study Guide | Book 1

    E X O D U S 6 : 6

    S A Y T H E R E F O R E T O T H E

    P E O P L E O F I S R A E L ,

    ‘ I A M T H E L O R D , A N D I W I L L B R I N G Y O U O U T F R O M

    U N D E R T H E B U R D E N S O F T H E

    E G Y P T I A N S , A N D

    I W I L L D E L I V E R Y O U F R O M S L A V E R Y T O T H E M , A N D

    I W I L L R E D E E M Y O U W I T H A N O U T S T R E T C H E D A R M A N D

    W I T H G R E A T A C T S O F J U D G M E N T .

  • Personal Study Guide | ibclr.org EXODUS 5

    H I STO R I C A L C O N T E X T R E F E R E N C E G U I D E

    I N T R O D U C T I O N & C O N T E X T • Moses is overwhelmingly agreed upon as the author of Exodus. It is presumed that Moses wrote this second

    book of the Pentateuch sometime between the beginning of his tenure as the leader of Israel (at age 80) and his death (at age 120).

    • Scripture dates Solomon’s fourth year of reign, when he began to build the temple (ca. 966/65 B.C.), as being 480 years after the Exodus (1 Kin. 6:1), establishing the early date of 1445 B.C. Jephthah noted that, by his day, Israel had possessed Heshbon for 300 years (Judg. 11:26). Calculating backward and forward from Jephthah, and taking into account different periods of foreign oppression, judgeships and kingships, the wilderness wanderings, and the initial entry and conquest of Canaan under Joshua, this early date is confirmed and amounts to 480 years.1

    • In many ways, Exodus marks the formal collecting of Israel as a nation. Seventy descendants of Abraham multiplied to 2-3 million during an approximately 400 year period. In these early days as an established people, God (in his sovereign timing) would speak, demonstrate his power, execute his judgment upon Israel’s afflicters, provide for his people, instruct his people and discipline his people.

    THE ROUTE OF THE EXODUS2

  • 6 EXODUS Personal Study Guide | Book 1

    L I T E RA RY C O N T E X T R E F E R E N C E G U I D E

    T RAC I N G T H E M E S SAG E I. PREVAILING THEMES

    a. Presence- God draws a leader into his presence to be used as an instrument to draw his people out of bondage and into God’s presence. This theme stretches from the burning bush to the tabernacle where God dwells among his people.

    b. Covenant- God, remembering his covenant with Abraham will be proven faithful by delivering his people into the land he promised, sustaining a great number of Abraham’s descendants, and ultimately blessing the world through this people.

    c. Bondage- The Israelites are moved from bondage in Egypt to bondage to God. They suffer working for Pharaoh, and they thrive working for God

    d. Deliverance- God is a God who rescues, who delivers, who saves

    e. Hope- Where can humans turn when the brokenness of the world and the destruction of sin reaches their front door? In the pit of despair, is there hope?

    II. LITERARY STRUCTURE & ELEMENTS

    A Simple Outline3

    (1) Salvation from Bondage (Chapters 1-18)

    (2) God Gives Israel the Law (Chapters 19-24)

    (3) God commands Israel to build the Tabernacle (Chapters 25-40)

    EXODUS OVERVIEW CHART4

  • Personal Study Guide | ibclr.org EXODUS 7

    III. THE MESSAGE OF LAMENTATIONS5

    The motivation for the Exodus is found in Exodus 2:23b,24: “Their cry for rescue from slavery came up to God. And God heard their groaning and God remembered his covenant with Abraham, with Isaac, and with Jacob. God saw the people of Israel – and God knew.”

    While this speaks of God’s compassion, not the perspective. God is on the outside looking in thus “he saw” and “he heard”. He was not with them, but above them.

    As a result God calls a leader who is first in His presence (Ex 3). Moses is able to lead people into God’s presence because He has been in God’s presence. Then, in perhaps the most telling verse, God communicates to Moses that God is going to relate to him in a different way; a way in which they know His name (6:3).

    Thus the appeal of Moses to Pharaoh is that he lead these people to go out so that they could sacrifice to their God (5:1). Pharaoh’s opposition was not just opposition to a people it was opposition to God’s people being in God’s presence. Pharaoh represents the obstacle that was keeping God’s people from His presence.

    The people are led by the presence of God represented in a cloud by day and a fire by night both representing the presence of God. In the end of the book the people are building a tabernacle for God to dwell among them. Exodus is God leading people out of bondage and into His presence. While the promises of the covenant were very practical, God did not lead them to unlimited pleasure or fortune. God lead them to His presence. This makes us conclude that God, only able to give His best, was giving His best when He gave Himself. Thus when Mary chose to be with Jesus over choosing to do for Jesus, Jesus said she had chosen the “greater thing that would not be taken away from her.” Luke 10, and further that while we do not get what we want in prayer, every prayer for more of the Spirit will always be answered (Luke 11:15). God is always willing to give us the best. And the best He can give is always Himself.

    Like the Israelites who left Egypt, all believers in Christ are redeemed and consecrated to God. - Chuck Swindoll

  • 8 EXODUS Personal Study Guide | Book 1

    R E D E M P T I V E C O N T E X T R E F E R E N C E G U I D E

    EXODUS IN REDEMPTIVE CONTEXT

    Scholars believe that the Exodus took place ~1445BC. In biblical history, this event comes after the creation of the world, the fall of mankind, the flood in which Noah and his family were spared, the Tower of Babel, the lives of Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, and Joseph. Using Max Anders’ 9 eras of the Old Testament, notice where Exodus falls.

    Creation Patriarchs Exodus Conquest Judges Kings Exile Return Silence

    In fact, the beginning of Exodus asserts that a Pharaoh rose up who did not recognize Joseph. Joseph, the favorite son of Jacob’s twelve, thrived in Egypt and rose to influence in Pharaoh’s court. This was a favorable situation for the Israelites until a Pharaoh arose who did not look upon Joseph’s people (now numerous) with esteem.

    God Story: Remind the students that the Bible tells one overarching narrative.

    Psalms: Remind the students about the era of the Kings, before the Kingdom spli