Families Thrive When Protective Factors Are Robust in ...· Families Thrive When Protective Factors

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  • Families Thrive When Protective Factors Are Robust in Their Lives

    and Communities

  • Groundwork

    In 2001 the Center for the Study of Social Policy began studying the role that early care and education programs nationwide could play in strengthening families and preventing abuse and neglect.

  • Groundwork

    Currently there are more than 35 states that are active in the Strengthening Families National Network and more than 40 that have statewide implementation at some level.


  • 5 or 6 Protective Factors?

    Strengthening Families has identified 5

    Protective Factors Although it does not include Nurturing and

    Attachment as a separate factor, they do recognize that it is an important facet of each factor.

    Many programs, including DCS, have chosen to outline Nurturing and Attachment as a 6th factor due to its importance.

  • Protective Factors

    Knowledge of Parenting and Child Development

    Concrete Support in Times of Need Childrens Social and Emotional

    Competence Parental Resilience Social Connections

    **One-on-One Activity**

  • Knowledge of Parenting and Child Development

    Definition An understanding of parenting strategies and child

    development helps parents understand what to expect and how to provide what their children

    need during each developmental phase.

  • Knowledge of Parenting and Child Development

    Why it is important Parents who understand the usual course

    of child development are more likely to be able to provide their children with respectful communication, consistent rules and expectations, and opportunities that promote independence.

    This helps to create secure attachments.

  • Knowledge of Parenting and Child Development

    How we can help Explore age related information about positive

    discipline techniques Teach parents to be nurturing, responsive and

    reliable in their parenting techniques Ensure that parents are utilizing positive

    parenting techniques Reinforce positive communication strategies

  • Knowledge of Parenting and Child Development

    Young children live within an environment

    and their experiences, both of which shape early brain development. example: when a young child interacts through

    babbling and parent reacts in a similar manner, this interaction helps create neural connections for social, emotional, and cognitive skills.

  • Knowledge of Parenting and Child Development

    With inconsistent, unresponsive, or detached responses to a child, the result is to strengthen insecure attachments.

    Often this knowledge base is learned from the way they were parented. This protective factor helps to define what

    parenting looks like when families have good information and skills to help their children at every stage of development.

  • So much information!

    For any parent the amount of information available is overwhelming. Be selective with where this information is coming from, and help families decide which information is reliable:

    - Spouse or Partner - Friends and Family - Pediatrician - Community Resources - Books

  • Concrete Support in Times of Need

    Definition The ability of parents to meet basic needs (food, clothing, housing, transportation, etc.) of their families.

  • Concrete Support in Times of Need

    Why it is important Assisting parents to identify, find and

    receive concrete support in times of need helps to ensure they and their family receive the basic necessities everyone deserves in order to grow. This protective factor helps minimize

    stress caused by such challenges.

  • Concrete Support in Times of Need

    How we can help Respond immediately when families are in crisis Identify supportive resources that would be beneficial for

    the family Ensure that the supports referred are coordinated,

    respectful, caring and strengths-based. Ensuring that the support itself does not increase stress

    Offer assistance navigating the sometimes confusing systems

    Help them develop skills and tools they need to identify their own needs and connect to supports

  • Childrens Social and Emotional Competence

    Definition A childs ability to interact positively with others, self regulate behavior, and effectively communicate their feelings

  • Childrens Social and Emotional Competence

    Why it is important

    There is a link between young childrens social- emotional competence and their cognitive development, language skills, mental health and school success.

    Without social and emotional competence in children, as adults there is risk of not being able to feel remorse, or show empathy.

  • How we can help Ensuring that parents are creating an

    environment in which children feel safe to express emotions

    Helping parents set clear expectations and limits

    Teaching how to separate emotions from actions

    Childrens Social and Emotional Competence

  • Childrens Social and Emotional Competence

    It is the quality of interactions while

    developing that impacts competency. Children often feel things that they do not understand. Empowering the child to learn about and share their feelings allows for healthy growth and communication.

  • Childrens Social and Emotional Competence

    Dimensions for assessment: Self-esteem Self-confidence

    Self-efficacy Self-regulation

    Personal agency Executive functioning

    Patience Persistence

    Conflict resolution Communication skills

    Empathy Social skills


  • Definition The process of managing

    stress and functioning well even when faced with challenges, adversity

    and trauma.

    Parental Resilience

  • Parental Resilience

    Why it is important Numerous researchers have

    concluded that how parents respond to stress is much more important than the stressor itself in determining the outcomes for their families. Has a positive effect on the parent-

    child relationship

  • Parental Resilience

    How we can help Define the word resilience. Explore alternative

    definitions such as stamina, resistance, toleration, power

    Honor each familys race, language, culture, history and approach to parenting

    Explore problem solving skills and identify coping strengths

    Encourage parents to manage stress effectively Give guidance on how to maintain a positive

    outlook when things are not going well.

  • Social Connections

    Definition Parents constructive and supportive social

    connections- that is, relationships with family, friends, neighbors, community members and service providers- are valuable

    People need people!

  • Social Connections

    Why it is important Studies show that having positive

    social connections leads to positive parental mood; well being and sense of competence; and lower levels of anger, anxiety and depression.

  • Social Connections

    How we can help Explore current support system. Explore

    outside the box if needed Discuss benefits of getting out/ joining a

    group/ making new friends Identify needs that could be met by utilizing

    social supports Parent Caf!!!

  • Social Connections

    Areas to Explore : Emotional support Informational support Instrumental support Spiritual support

  • Protective Factors Survey

  • The Parent Caf

  • History of the Parent Caf

    Adapted from the World Caf model Businessmen got together to discuss current trends

    Be Strong Families/Strengthening Families 2001: Protective Factors Framework is introduced 2007: First Parent Caf is held 2012: Parent Caf Fidelity Model is created Present: over 1000 people trained to conduct Parent

    Cafs nationwide

  • Fidelity Model

    Parent Cafs are a process and without fidelity to the model the quality of the Parent Caf is damaged To be considered a Parent Caf, it must have the following:

    Welcome Introduction to Theme of Caf Introduction to Agreements One-on-One and Debrief Hosted Table Conversations Individual Commitment Cards Harvest/Large Group Debrief One Word Closing



  • ~Group Activity~

    Form 5 Groups Group 1: Resilience Group 2: Relationships Group 3: Knowledge Group 4: Support Group 5: Communication

    Read 3 cards in assigned factor Decide as a group which one to discuss Chat for about 10 minutes

  • Results/Impact from Be Strong Families

    Parent Cafs: Reduce stress/increase peace and well-being Increase parenting knowledge and skills Build Protective Factors Facilitate meaningful relationships and

    community building Provide opportunities for parent leadership

  • Results/Impact from Be Strong Families

    Over 4,000 parents participated in evaluation 99% report the caf was helpful 98% would recommend Parent Cafs to a friend and

    family member 97% plan to attend a future caf 60% followed through on a commitment from a

    previous caf Over 85% report an increased awareness /

    knowledge of the Protective Factors overall as a result of their participation in the caf

  • Resources


    https://www.childwelfare.gov/can/factors/ protective.cfm