Charter FIFA (1 september1905) original screenThe first official match between representatives of two nations was between England and Scotland in 1872 at Hamilton Crescent, Partick, Glasgow , finishing in a 00 draw. The following year at The Oval, England enjoyed a 42 victory over the travelling Scots. This was followed by the creation of the world's second national football association, the Scottish Football Association in 1873. Previously the Football Association had been the world's only governing body, though codified football was being played only in the United Kingdom at this stage.
With the number of inter-nation matches increasing as football spread, the need for a global governing body emerged. Initially, it was intended to reflect the formative role of the British in football's history[clarification needed], but the football associations of the Home Nations unanimously rejected such a body. This was led by rejection from Football Association president Lord Kinnaird. Thus the nations of continental Europe decided to go it alone and 'FIFA' was born in Paris, uniting the Football governing bodies of France, Belgium, Denmark, Netherlands, Spain, Sweden, and Switzerland.
The initial statutes of FIFA stated that:
Only the represented National Associations would be recognised.Clubs and players could only play for two National Associations at a time.All Associations would recognise the suspension of a player in any Association.Matches were to be played according to the "Laws of the Game of the Football Association Ltd".Each National Association was to pay an annual fee of 50 French Francs.Only FIFA could organise International Matches.These statutes came into effect on 1 September, by which time Germany had also joined by Telegram. The first FIFA Congress was held on 23 May Robert Gurin was elected President, Victor E. Schneider of Switzerland and Carl Anton Wilhelm Hirschmann of the Netherlands were made Vice Presidents, and Louis Muhlinghaus of Belgium was appointed Secretary and Treasurer with the help of Ludvig Sylow of Denmark.
Early attempts at the organization of a tournament began, but without the British countries this failed. England, however, joined on 14 April 1905, thanks to great efforts by Baron Edouard de Laveleye who was made the first honorary member of FIFA. In 1906, Daniel Burley Woolfall took over as president, making strides to uniformity in the globe's laws.
FIFA continued to expand in federations and influence, being able to monopolize international matches. However, its organizational skills were still not refined, and it was the Football Association which organized the football tournaments at the 1908 and 1912 Olympic Games, both won by Great Britain.
In 1909 South Africa (the first non-European member) joined, and Argentina and Chile followed in 1912. The USA and Canada entered just before WorlList of Presidents of FIFAMain article: List of presidents of FIFAFIFA has been served by eight Presidents since its foundation in 1904:
PresidentNationalityPresidencyRobert Gurin France19041906Daniel Burley Woolfall England19061918Jules Rimet France19211954Rodolphe Seeldrayers Belgium19541955Arthur Drewry England19551961Sir Stanley Rous England19611974Dr Joo Havelange Brazil19741998Sepp Blatter Switzerland1998presentd War I in 1913.
FIFA Awards World Player of the Year - Winners World Player of the Year - Top 10 Women Player of the Century Women Player of the Year - Winners Women Player of the Year - Top 12 World Team of the Year - Winners World Team of the Year - Top 10 Most Improved Team of the Year Various Awards FIFA World Cup Golden Ball Awards FIFA World Cup Fair Play Award FIFA World Cup "Lev Yashin" Award FIFA World Cup Young Player Award FIFA World Cup Most Entertaining Team Award FIFA Under-17 World Championships Awards FIFA Under-20 World Championships Awards FIFA Confederations Cup Awards FIFA Women's World Cup Awards FIFA Under-19 Women's World Cup Awards FIFA Under-17 Women's World Cup Awards FIFA Club World Championship Awards FIFA Club of the Century
World Player of the Year - WinnersUntil 2003 it was elected by the coaches of the national teams, each selecting three playerswho obtain respectively 5, 3 and 1 points.In 2004 rules changed and a preliminary list of 35 eligible players was established by FIFA; thenthe coaches and captains of the national teams, each selected three players who obtain respectively5, 3 and 1 points.
List of Winners
YEAR WINNER (Club - Country)
1991 Lothar MATTHUS (Internazionale - Germany)1992 Marco VAN BASTEN (Milan AC - Netherlands)1993 Roberto BAGGIO (Juventus - Italy)1994 ROMRIO da Souza Faria (FC Barcelona - Brazil)1995 George WEAH (Milan AC - Liberia)1996 RONALDO Nazario de Lima (PSV Eindhoven & FC Barcelona - Brazil) 1997 RONALDO Nazario de Lima (FC Barcelona & Inter Milan - Brazil)1998 Zinedine ZIDANE (Juventus - France)1999 RIVALDO Vitor Borba Ferreira (FC Barcelona - Brazil)2000 Zinedine ZIDANE (Juventus - France)2001 Luis FIGO (Real Madrid - Portugal)2002 RONALDO Nazario de Lima (Inter Milan & Real Madrid - Brazil)2003 Zinedine ZIDANE (Real Madrid - France)2004 Ronaldo de Assis "RONALDINHO" (FC Barcelona Brazil)2005 Ronaldo de Assis "RONALDINHO" (FC Barcelona Brazil)2006 Fabio CANNAVARO (Juventus & Real Madrid Italy)2007 Ricardo Izecson dos Santos Leite "KAK" (Milan AC Brazil)2008 Cristiano RONALDO (Manchester United Portugal)2009 Lionel MESSI (Barcelona - Argentina)2010 Lionel MESSI (Barcelona - Argentina)2011 Lionel MESSI (Barcelona Argentina)2012 Lionel MESSI (Barcelona Argentina)2013 Cristiano RONALDO (Real Madrid Portugal)
World Player of the Year - Top 10
1991 (66 votes)
1. Lothar MATTHUS (Germany) 128 pts 2. Jean-Pierre PAPIN (France) 113 3. Gary LINEKER (England) 40 4. Robert PROSINECKI (Yugoslavia & Croatia) 38 5. Marco VAN BASTEN (Netherlands) 23 6. Franco BARESI (Italy) 12 7. Ivn ZAMORANO (Chile) 10 8. Andreas BREHME (Germany) 9 9. Gianluca VIALLI (Italy) 810. Enzo SCIFO (Belgium) 7
1992 (71 votes)
1. Marco VAN BASTEN (Netherlands) 161 pts 2. Hristo STOITCHKOV (Bulgaria) 88 3. Thomas HSSLER (Germany) 61 4. Jean-Pierre PAPIN (France) 46 5. Brian LAUDRUP (Denmark) 44 Peter SCHMEICHEL (Denmark) 44 7. Dennis BERGKAMP (Netherlands) 29 8. Frank RIJKAARD (Netherlands) 23 9. Abedi AYEW PEL (Ghana) 10 Franco BARESI (Italy) 10 Jrgen KLINSMANN (Germany) 10
1993 (71 votes)
1. Roberto BAGGIO (Italy) 152 pts 2. ROMRIO de Souza Faria (Brazil) 84 3. Dennis BERGKAMP (Netherlands) 58 4. Peter SCHMEICHEL (Denmark) 29 5. Hristo STOITCHKOV (Bulgaria) 22 6. Faustino ASPRILLA (Colombia) 21 7. Jos Gama de Oliveira BEBETO (Brazil) 16 8. Ronald KOEMAN (Netherlands) 15 9. Anthony YEBOAH (Ghana) 1310. RA Souza Vieira de Oliveira (Brazil) 12
1994 (83 votes)
1. ROMRIO de Souza Faria (Brazil) 346 pts 2. Hristo STOITCHKOV (Bulgaria) 100 3. Roberto BAGGIO (Italy) 80 4. Gheorghe HAGI (Romania) 50 5. Paolo MALDINI (Italy) 40 6. Jos Gama de Oliveira BEBETO (Brazil) 16 7. Dennis BERGKAMP (Netherlands) 11 8. Carlos Bledorn Verri DUNGA (Brazil) 9 9. Franco BARESI (Italy) 7 Tomas BROLIN (Sweden) 7 Jrgen KLINSMANN (Germany) 7 MAURO da SILVA Gomes (Brazil) 7
1995 (95 votes)
1. George WEAH (Liberia) 170 pts 2. Paolo MALDINI (Italy) 80 3. Jrgen KLINSMANN (Germany) 58 4. ROMRIO de Souza Faria (Brazil) 50 5. Roberto BAGGIO (Italy) 49 6. Hristo STOITCHKOV (Bulgaria) 37 7. Ivn ZAMORANO (Chile) 36 8. Osvaldo Giroldo Junior JUNINHO (Brazil) 28 9. Matthias SAMMER (Germany) 2310. Michael LAUDRUP (Denmark) 20 Gianfranco ZOLA (Italy) 20
1996 (120 votes)
1. RONALDO Nazrio de Lima (Brazil) 329 pts 2. George WEAH (Liberia) 140 3. Alan SHEARER (England) 123 4. Matthias SAMMER (Germany) 109 5. Jrgen KLINSMANN (Germany) 54 6. Nwankwo KANU (Nigeria) 32 7. Paolo MALDINI (Italy) 25 8. Davor SUKER (Croatia) 24 9. Gabriel BATISTUTA (Argentina) 1910. ROMRIO de Souza Faria (Brazil) 13
1997 (121 votes)
1. RONALDO Nazrio de Lima (Brazil) 480 pts 2. ROBERTO CARLOS Da Silva (Brazil) 85 3. Dennis BERGKAMP (Netherlands) 62 Zinedine ZIDANE (France) 62 5. RAL Gonzlez Blanco (Spain) 51 6. Alessandro DEL PIERO (Italy) 27 7. Davor SUKER (Croatia) 20 8. Gabriel BATISTUTA (Argentina) 16 Alan SHEARER (England) 1610. LEONARDO Nascimento de Araujo (Brazil) 14 Peter SCHMEICHEL (Denmark) 14
1998 (132 votes) 1. Zinedine ZIDANE (France) 518 pts 2. RONALDO Na