Working together for a safer Scotland
FIRE AND RESCUE INCIDENT STATISTICSSCOTLAND 2015-16
18 October 2016
1. Introduction 1
2. Main Points 2
3. Background 3
3.1 Purpose of the Statistics 3
4. Commentary 4 4.1 All Incident Statistics 4
4.2 Fire Statistics 4 4.2.1 Total number of fires 5 4.2.2 Primary fires by type 5 4.2.3 Fires by geography 6 4.2.4 Secondary fires 7
4.3 Fires by motive - deliberate and accidental 7 4.3.1 Primary fires by motive 7 4.3.2 Secondary fires by motive 9
4.4 Casualties in fires 9 4.4.1 Fatal casualties from fires 10 4.4.2 Non-fatal casualties in fires 11 4.4.3 Non-fatal casualties by location 11 4.4.4 Non-fatal casualty rates 11 4.4.5 Fire casualties by motive and location 11
4.5 Fires and fire casualties by country 12 4.5.1 Comparisons by country 12 4.5.2 Fire rates by country 12 4.5.3 Fire fatality rates by country 14 4.5.4 Non-fatal casualty rates by country 14
4.6 False alarms 14 4.6.1 Background 14 4.6.2 False Alarm Statistics 15
4.7 Non-fire incidents and casualties 15 4.7.1 Out of Hospital Cardiac Arrest (OHCA) Trial 16 4.7.2 Non-fire incident statistics 16 4.7.3 Non-fire incident casualties and fatalities 18 4.7.4 Related statistics 18
5. Glossary of terms 23
6. Local Authority maps 25
7. Accompanying Tables 26 7.1 Data tables in the bulletin 26
7.2 Tables in the full data set 28 8. Correspondence and enquiries 56
Figure 1: All incidents, 2006-07 to 2015-16, Scotland 1
Figure 2: Incidents by type, 2015-16, Scotland 4
Figure 3: Primary fires by type, 2015-16, Scotland 5
Figure 4: Rate of all fires per 100,000 population, 2015-16, local authority 6
Figure 5: Accidental dwelling fires per 100,000 dwellings, 2015-16, local authority 6
Figure 6 : Primary fires by motive, 2006-07 to 2015-16, Scotland 7
Figure 7a: Accidental primary fires by type, 2006-07 to 2015-16, Scotland 8
Figure 7b: Deliberate dwelling fire by type, 2006-07 to 2015-16, Scotland 8
Figure 8: Secondary fires by motive, 2009-10 to 2015-16, Scotland 9
Figure 9: Annual long-term trend of fire fatalities, 1994-95 to 2015-16, Scotland 10
Figure 10: All fires per million population, 2006-07 to 2015-16, Great Britain 13
Figure 11: Primary fires per million population, 2006-07 to 2015-16, Great Britain 13
Figure 12: Fire fatalities per million population, 2006-07 to 2015-16, Great Britain 13
Figure 13: Non-fatal fire casualties per million population, 2006-07 to 2015-16, Great Britain 13
Figure 14 : Fire false alarms by type, 2006-07 to 2015-16, Scotland 15
Figure 15: Non-fire incident rates by local authority, 2015-16 17
Figure 16: Non-fire incident fatalities (main categories), 2009-10 to 2015-16, Scotland 18
Scottish Fire and Rescue Service
FIRE AND RESCUE INCIDENT STATISTICS SCOTLAND, 2015-16 18 October 2016
This publication presents fire and rescue incident statistics for Scotland, including information on fires, non-fire incidents, casualties and false alarms.
The bulletin includes statistics presented at National and Local Authority level. Trend data for the 10 year period from 2006-07 to 2015-16 is provided at Scotland level and data for 2015-16 at local authority level. It also includes a table of key data since 1990. The information supplied for 2015-16 is based on provisional data which may be revised subject to the SFRS revisions policy published alongside this bulletin.
Some of the key figures in these statistics have already been published as part of the SFRS Annual Performance Review 2015-16.
Key data tables are provided within this bulletin, while more detailed and extensive tables are provided in a dataset accompanying the bulletin. Notes on the statistics, formerly provided as a section of this bulletin, are now provided as a standalone document alongside this bulletin.
Figure 1: All incidents, 2006-07 to 2015-16, Scotland
2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14r 2014-15r 2015-16p
Non-fire incidents Primary fires
Note: non-fire incidents were not reported prior to 2009-10 p- provisional data r - revised data
Fire and Rescue Incident Statistics Scotland 2015-16
2. Main Points
In2015-16SFRSattendedatotalof88,857incidents,anincreaseof3,853(fivepercent)on2014-15. False alarms made up 56 per cent of all incidents, 17 per cent were secondary fires, 15 per cent non-fire incidents (formerly called Special service incidents) and 12 per cent were primary fires. Chimney fires made up one per cent of the incidents (Table 26).
Theincreaseintotalincidentsispartlydrivenbyanincreaseinnon-fireincidents,whichislikelytobe related to a trial of SFRS attending out of hospital cardiac arrest incidents (Section 4.7.1).
In2015-16,theSFRSattendedatotalof26,613fires,anincreaseofsixpercent(1,588fires)comparedto 2014-15. In comparison to figures of ten years ago, the total number of fires attended is 45 per cent less than that of 2006-07 (Table 1).
Thenumberofprimaryfiresin2015-16increasedbythreepercentto11,005comparedtotheprevious year. Secondary fires increased from 13,406 to 14,726 (ten per cent).
In2015-16therewere45fatalcasualtiesfromfiresinScotland(provisionalfigures),anincreaseoffouron the 2014-15 figure of 41. Six of the 45 fire fatalities were deemed, by fire investigations, to be suicides. (Table 2).
ThefirefatalityrateinScotlandin2015-16(provisionalfigures)was8.4fatalitiespermillionpopulation, higher than that in England and Wales (5.5 and 6.1 respectively), though the thankfully small numbers of fire deaths make the fire fatality rate a volatile measure.
Therewere1,256non-fatalfirecasualtiesin2015-16.Thisisanincreaseof14percentcomparedto 2014-15 when there were 1,101 casualties.
Therewereatotalof12,832non-fireincidentsattendedbytheSFRSin2015-16,anincreaseof19per cent from 2014-15 (2,089 incidents). This increase includes a 40 per cent increase in Medical Incident: Co-responder/ First responder incidents (from 374 to 523) and a 55 per cent increase in Assist other agencies (from 774 to 1,203 incidents). These two figures are likely to be the result of the Out of Hospital Cardiac Arrest trial (Table 6).
In2015-16,SFRSattended49,412falsealarms,includingnon-firefalsealarms,accountingfor56percent of all incidents attended, more than any other incident type. There were 109 more false alarms attended in 2015-16 than in 2014-15, which is 0.2 per cent increase (Table 4).
Scottish Fire and Rescue Service
In 2013, the Scottish Fire and Rescue Service (SFRS) replaced the 8 former Fire and Rescue Services (FRSs) of Scotland. This is therefore the third year that the statistics cover the single SFRS.
These statistics are compiled from reports submitted by SFRS officers using the Home Office Incident Recording System (IRS) to report on incidents they have attended. IRS was introduced across Britain in April 2009.
Further information on the statistics in this bulletin are provided in Section 5 and in the Notes to the Statistics document that accompanies this bulletin. Definitions for IRS terms are contained as part of the IRS guidance1.
The 2015-16 figures in this publication are provisional and are subject to revision in line with the SFRS revisions policy. The policy is published alongside the bulletin and is summarised in the Notes to the Statistics. Casualty figures are particularly vulnerable to revision as a result of pending investigations into fires.
Revised figures for 2013-14 and 2014-15 are provided here and supersede those in previous editions of this publication. Further details on revisions made in this publication are available in the Notes to the Statistics.
This publication is accompanied by data tables, published as a downloadable workbook on the SFRS website. For tables at Scotland level, the figures provided cover the past ten years. There are exceptions to this, including non-fire incidents, that were first fully recorded using the electronic IRS from 2009-10. Local authority level tables are provided for 2015-16 only.
3.1 Purpose of the statistics
This bulletin contains information on fires, fire related casualties and fatalities, non-fire incidents and associated casualties and fatalities and on false alarms attended by the SFRS.
These statistics provide evidence on the activities and the performance of the SFRS. However, some of the activity is reactive and does not necessarily demonstrate the performance of the service. In particular for 2015-16 the number of non-fire incidents (formerly known as special service incidents) has increased. This increase is linked to integrated multi-agency work to create safer communities, specifically a national trial involving SFRS and the Scottish Ambulance Service (SAS).
The trial was launched on 29th October 2015 with the aim of increasing survival rate of patients who suffer out of hospital cardiac arrest. The impact of the initiative on the number of incidents and casualties attended by SFRS and on the outcomes for Scotland, is introduced within Section 4.7 on non-fire incidents.
Where potential reasons for changes or trends have been fully analysed they are included in the commentary. Where reasons are, as yet, unproven, they may be