Flavonoid Pigment

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    FLAVONOIDPIGMENT

    OLEH :

    SAHATI 2013 39 006

    FELIX M. MERABANO 2013 39 017

    JURUSAN KIMIA

    FAKULTAS MATEMATIKA DAN ILMU PENGETAHUAN ALAM

    UNIVERSITAS PAPUA

    MANOKWARI

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    Senyawa Flavn!"

    Flavn!" #e$%&a'an &!(#en )%#*%+an 'el#&'

    ,enl )e$*e-a$ "! ala#.

    Senyawa-enyawa !n! #e$%&a'an /a) wa$na #e$a+

    '%n!n( %n(% "an *!$%.a$nawa$na &a"a ,lavn!" "!)!#*%l'an le+

    -!-)e# 'n%(a-! ele')$n "ala# -enyawa a$#a)!'

    )e$-e*%).

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    Flavn!" #e#&%nya! 'e$an('a "a-a$

    'a$*n yan( )e$"!$! "a$! 1 a)# 'a$*n"!#ana "%a 4!n4!n *en/ena 56 )e$!'a)

     &a"a -%a)% $an)a! &$&ane 53 -e+!n((a

    #e#*en)%' -%a)% -%-%nan 636.

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    Flavn!" #e$%&a'an (ln(an ,!l!,enl

    -e+!n((a #e#!l!'! -!,a) '!#!a -enyawa

    ,enl ya!)%:Be$-!,a) a-a# -e+!n((a "a&a) la$%) "ala# *a-a.

    Me$%&a'a -enyawa &la$ 'a$ena #e#!l!'! -e%#la+ (%(%- +!"$'-!l.

    Se*a(a! an)!*a')e$! 'a$ena ,lavn!" -e*a(a! "e$!va) "a$! ,enl "a&a)#enye*a*'an $%-a'nya -%-%nan "an &e$%*a+an #e'an!-#e

     &e$#ea*!l!)a- "a$! "!n"!n( -el *a')e$!.

    Se*a(a! an)!'-!"an ya!)% 'e#a#&%an ,lavn!" %n)%' #enalan'an,%n(-! an)!'-!"an *e$(an)%n( &a"a -)$%')%$ #le'%lnya &-!-!(%(%- +!"$'-!l #e#!l!'! &e$anan "ala# ,%n(-! an)!'-!"an "an

    a')!v!)a- #eny!n('!$'an $a"!'al *e*a-.

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    S%#*e$ Flavn!"

    Flavn!" a"ala+ -ala+ -a)% 'el#&' #e)a*l!)

    -e'%n"e$ "an #e$%&a'an -ala+ -a)% (ln(an

    -enyawa ,enl )e$*e-a$ yan( "!+a-!l'an -e4a$a ala#!

    le+ )%#*%+)%#*%+an.

    Flavn!" )e$"a&a) "! "ala# -e#%a )%#*%+an "a$a)

    )e)a&! )!"a' "!)e#%'an &a"a )%#*%+an la%) 5al(a

    #!'$$(an!-#e *a')e$! a#%$ "an l%#%).8e*anya'an wa$na )%#*%+an "!-e*a*'an le+

    ,lavn!".

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    1. An)-!an!n

    An)-!an!n a"ala+ -enyawa &!(#en yan( la$%) "ala# a!$ *e$wa$na #e$a+ -a#&a! *!$% "an )e$-e*a$ l%a- &a"a )ana#an.

    An)-!an!n *e$*en)%' (l!'-!"a "an #ena"! &enye*a* wa$na

    #e$a+ *!$% "an v!le) yan( *anya' )e$"a&a) &a"a *%a+ "an

    -ay%$. a$na "an -)a*!l!)a- &!(#en an)-!an!n )e$(an)%n( &a"a -)$%')%$

    #le'%l -e4a$a 'e-el%$%+an.

    n)+ )%#*%+an yan( #en(an"%n( &!(#en an)-!an!n ya!)%

    #awa$ #e$a+ an((%$ *%n(a $-ella "ll.

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    2. Flavnl

    Flavnl )e$-e*a$ l%a- "ala# )%#*%+an *a!' -e*a(a!'&!(#en an)-!an!n "ala# "a%n *%n(a #a%&%n "ala#

    "a%n )%#*%+an )!n((!.

    ;l!'-!"a ,lavnl yan( &al!n( %#%# "!)e#%'an ya!)%

    3(l!'-!"a "an a(l!'n ,lavnl yan( %#%# ya!)%

    'a#,e$l '%e$-e)!n "an #!$!-e)!n yan( *e$'+a-!a)

    -e*a(a! an)!'-!"an "an an)!!n,la#a-!.

    n)+ )ana#an &en(+a-!l ,lavnl ya!)% a&el *$'l!"a%n *awan( "ll.

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    3. Flavn

    Flavn )e$"a&a) -e*a(a! (l!'-!"a )e)a&! en!-(l!'-!"anya le*!+ -e"!'!) "a$!&a"a en!-

    (l!'-!"a &a"a ,lavnl.

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    =. I-,lavn

    I-,lavn #e$%&a'an !-#e$ ,lavn )e)a&! %#la+nya-an(a) -e"!'!). I-,alvn -%'a$ "!4!$!'an 'a$ena $ea'-!nya

    )!"a' '+a- "en(an &e$ea'-! wa$na #ana&%n.

    8e*anya'an !-,lavn *!la "!-!na$! "en(an -!na$ a'an#en%n%''an wa$na #e$a+ -en"%"%' )%a "an *!la "!%a&!

    "en(an a#n!a wa$nanya a'an *e$%*a+ a"! 4'la)

    -e"an('an *e*e$a&a !-,lavn #!-alnya "a!"/e!n

    #e#*e$!'an wa$na *!$% '%a) "en(an -!na$ *!la "!%a&!a#n!a.

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    . 8+al'n

    8+al'n #e$%&a'an an)'l$ ya!)% &!(#en ,enl

    '%n!n(. Hal )e$-e*%) "a&a) "!*%')!'an "en(an *!la

    "a%n *%n(a *e$wa$na '%n!n( a'an *e$%*a+ #ena"!

    #e$a+ a)a% !n((a *!la "!%a&! le+ a-a& *a-a a)a%

    a-a& a#n!a.

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    6. A%$n

    A%$n -a#a +alnya "en(an '+al'n yan( #e$%&a'an

    an)'l$. A%$n *e$%&a &!(#en '%n!n( e#a- yan(

    )e$"a&a) "ala# *en)%' *%n(a )e$)en)% "an *$!,!)a. ?ala#

    la$%)an *a-a -enyawa !n! *e$wa$na #e$a+ $- "an )a#&a' &a"a '$#a)($a,! 'e$)a- *e$%&a *e$4a' '%n!n( "en(an

    -!na$ wa$na '%n!n( '%a) *e$%*a+ #ena"! #e$a+

     !n((a *!la "!*e$! %a& a#n!a.

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    7. Flavann

    Flavann #e$%&a'an !-#e$ '+al'n. Flavann

    )e$"!-)$!*%-! l%a- "! ala# -e&e$)! )e$"a&a) "! "ala#

    'ay% "a%n "an *%n(a. Flavann (l!'-!"a #e$%&a'an

    'n-)!)%en %)a#a "a$! )ana#an (en%- &$en%- "an *%a+ e$%' "%a (l!'-!"a yan( &al!n( la/!# a"ala+

    ne$!n(en!n "an +e-&e$!)!n )e$"a&a) "ala# *%a+ an((%$

    "an e$%'.

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    8. Flavanonol

    Senyawa !n! *e$'+a-!a) -e*a(a! an)!'-!"an

    "an +anya )e$"a&a) -e"!'!) -e'al! !'a

    "!*an"!n('an "en(an ,lavn!" la!n. Se*a(!an *e-a$ -enyawa !n! "!a*a!'an 'a$ena

    'n-en)$a-!nya $en"a+ "an )!"a' *e$wa$na.

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    9. Kate!n

    8a)e'!n )e$"a&a) &a"a -el%$%+ "%n!a )%#*%+an

    )e$%)a#a &a"a )%#*%+an *e$'ay%. Senyawa !n!

    #%"a+ "!&e$le+ "ala# %#la+ *e-a$ "a$! e'-)$a'

    'en)al Uncaria gambir  "an "a%n )e+ 'e$!n( yan(#en(an"%n( '!$a'!$a [email protected] -enyawa !n!. 8a)e'!n

     *e$'+a-!a) -e*a(a! an)!'-!"a. 5?l'-a$!*%

    2009

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    Ke$!%&'lanFlavn!" #e$%&a'an &!(#en )%#*%+an 'el#&' ,enl yan(

    )e$"!$! "a$! 1 a)# 'a$*n "en(an wa$na '%n!n( "an #e$a+ yan(

    "a&a) "!)e#%'an &a"a )%#*%+an -e&e$)! *%a+ -ay%$an 'a4an( *!! *a)an( *%n(a +e$*al $e#&a+$e#&a+ -e$)a &$"%' &an(an

    "an *a) "a$! )%#*%+an -e&e$)! #!nya' /a!)%n )e+ 4'ela)

    an((%$ #e$a+ "an *a) +e$*al. Flavn!" a"ala+ -ala+ -a)%

    (ln(an -enyawa ,enl )e$*e-a$ yan( "!+a-!l'an -e4a$a ala#!

    le+ )%#*%+)%#*%+an.

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    SE8IAN

    ?AN

    TERIMA 8ASIH