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French & Indian War French vs. English. Conquest for the North American Empire. French Possessions In North America. English Possessions In North America. British in North America. French in North America. Native Americans. British in North America. French in North America. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Text of French & Indian War French vs. English

  • French & Indian WarFrench vs. EnglishConquest for the North American Empire

  • French Possessions In North America

  • English Possessions In North America

  • French in North AmericaBritish in North AmericaNative Americans

  • French in North AmericaBritish in North AmericaThe Ohio River Valley is ready to explode!Why?

  • French and Indian WarReasons For the War: A.


    1. Fur Trade2. LandA.




    3. Indian RelationsA.



  • A. Earliest & most important industry for French (business) in North AmericaB. 1500s-1800s Beaver fur was used to make hats, they were the fashion in Europe.* One of the causes of the French and Indian War.

    1. The Fur Trade

  • Beaver FurBeaver Trap

  • * Another cause of the French and Indian War.A. English colonists bought 500,000 acres of land in the Ohio Valley to farm. B. This would hurt the French colonial fur trade.* This brought economic, religious, and political conflict between the English and French in the Ohio River Valley.2. Land

  • French in North America Land was originally claimed by French explorers.French fur traders used the Ohio River area for fur trading.C. French govt built forts to stop English taking the land.

  • The English colonies grew and prospered. New colonists were looking for more land.Free or cheap land offered new opportunities and economic freedom.D. English government built forts and started to grant land to its citizens.British in North America

  • A. French have better relationships with Indians.B. English wanted to take their land for farming.Most French colonists were fur traders and trappers.C. French only wanted the fur. They didnt want to stay on the land.They lived among the Indians and adopted their ways.They learned to make canoes, trap animals, make snow shoes, and etc..They learned Native American languages.They took Indian brides.Bi-racial children3. Indian Relations

  • French in North AmericaBritish in North AmericaThe English attack French Fort Duquesne. The attack was a disaster and was the beginning of the French and Indian War.

  • French in North AmericaBritish in North AmericaThe war is fought on two continents (North America and Europe)

  • In America, they fought over control of the entire Western frontier including the Ohio River Valley.In Europe, France and England began to fight in what was called the Seven Years War.War

  • French and Indian WarAdvantages of Each Side 1. British/American Advantages:A.

    B. 1. 2.C.


    2. French Advantages:A.



  • 1. British/American ColoniesA. Larger Population1,485,000 B. MilitiasPoorly organized and equipped.1. They were ready at a moments notice.2. Fighting the Indians for over a 100 years.C. Self-supportingProduced enough food and supplies.D. Britain controlled the seas.2. French ColoniesSingle Colonial GovernmentA. One government meant less discussion during decision making. (American colonists didnt always agree to follow British orders) B. Pattern of SettlementClustered together1. Towns were close together C. Well-fortified positionsBuild high on cliffs.Advantages of Each Side

  • French and Indian WarDisadvantages of Each Side 1. British/American Disadvantages:A. 1.


    2. French Disadvantages:A.


    C. 1.


  • 1. British/American ColoniesA. Colonial Assemblies1. Each colony jealously guarded its own power.B. Fighting an Offensive WarAttack Quebec and Montreal to win the war.2. French ColoniesA. Smaller Population75,000B. Depended on ImportsBritish controlled the seas.C. Troops1. France sent few troops over.2. Defense fell to the fur trading companies. Disadvantages of Each Side

  • French and Indian WarNative American Involvement 1. British/American Allies:A. 1.


    2. French Allies:A.



  • 1. British/American ColoniesA. Iroquois League1. Mostly neutral, but did fight occasionally.B. Chief of the MohawksJoseph BrantBecame a colonel in the British army.2. French ColoniesA. Algonquins, Ottawas & the Hurons1. Longtime trading partners2. Didnt trust the land grabbing white settlers.Native American Involvement

  • French and Indian WarAlbany Plan A. B.C.D.

    Battle of QuebecA. B.






  • The Albany PlanBEN


  • A. 1754-Delegates from nine of the thirteen colonies met in Albany, New York.Ben Franklin (drew it up), delegate from Pennsylvania came to Albany with a Plan of Union or Albany Plan, a loose union or compact between the colonies. A promise from the colonies to work together.D. The plan failed because the colonial assemblies and the British Parliament rejected it.The Albany Plan

  • Written by James Fenimore CooperThe Last of the Mohicans is part of a series of four books called The Leatherstocking Tales.Follows the life of a colonial boy and his Native American friend.The Last of the Mohicans

  • Turning Point of WarSeptember 13, 1759British approach Quebec by sea and climb cliffs-surprise attackPlains of AbrahamFrench caught off guard.

  • Commanders of both armies die in battleG. British claim victoryH. French surrender in America a year later on September 6, 1760

    British General-James Wolfs death at Quebec

  • French and Indian WarWar Ends A. B.

    Results of the French and Indian WarA. B. 1.


  • * France and Britain continued fighting in Europe for three more yearsTreaty of Paris is signed on February 10, 1763-this ends the war.France surrenders all land in North America to Britain

  • Results of WarBritain gained control over half the North American continent, including French Canada, all French territorial claims-everything east of the Mississippi River, and Spanish Florida. Another result of the war was - British decide to reevaluate their relationship with the colonies. 1. Want to re-establish control.The British government also faced pressing financial problems. They owed a lot of money. Britain began fighting in 1754 with a national debt of approximately 75 million pounds, but the war effort caused the debt to soar to 133 million pounds by 1763.

  • Proclamation Line of 1763The British declared that American colonists would not be allowed to set up or keep settlements west of an imaginary line running down the crest of the Appalachian Mountains. The proclamation acknowledged that Native Americans owned the lands on which they were then residing and white settlers in the area were to be removed.Appalachian MountainsMississippi River

  • Topic: French and Indian WarFrench vs. British & American Colonists--with Indians fighting on both sides.

    War in North America and Europe

    War is over land, farming and furs.

    Ben Franklin draws a political cartoon and writes the Albany Plan to try and get the colonies to work together.

    Britain and the British colonists won the war!!

    The Treaty of Paris, 1763, officially ends the war.

    France looses North America and the British take over their land.

    Proclamation Line of 1763 which is Englands attempt to control the coloniesMost Important Things to Remember!