prev

next

of 15

Published on

14-Jan-2016View

20Download

2

Embed Size (px)

DESCRIPTION

Friday, May 10 th : A Day Monday, May 13 th : B Day Agenda. Finish lab: Quantitative Determination of an Empirical Formula Lab Calculations/Conclusion Questions Start Chapter 7 Review Next time: Finish Chapter 7 review. Quantitative Determination of an Empirical Formula Analysis. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Transcript

Friday, May 10th: A DayMonday, May 13th: B DayAgendaFinish lab: Quantitative Determination of an Empirical FormulaLab Calculations/Conclusion QuestionsStart Chapter 7 Review

Next time:Finish Chapter 7 review

Quantitative Determination of an Empirical FormulaAnalysisRemember, to convert from grams to moles, use the molar mass: To find moles of tin:? g Sn X 1 mole Sn = 118.71 g SnTo find moles of oxygen:? g O X 1 mole O = 16.00 g ORemember sig figs!

Quantitative Determination of an Empirical FormulaAnalysis2. Determine the mole ratio of oxygen to tin in the product.You know the moles of Sn and the moles of O.Divide each amount in moles by the smallest number of moles you found.Did you get close to whole numbers?If not, multiply both numbers to get whole numbers.These numbers are your mole ratio. (1:1, etc)

Quantitative Determination of an Empirical FormulaConclusionsUsing the mole ratio you just calculated, write the empirical formula and name it.

For example, if your mole ratio was 1 mole of Sn to 2 moles of O, your empirical formula would be SnO2.Now, name the compound. (Hint: is this an ionic or covalent compound?)

What are the possible oxidation numbers for tin and oxygen?The 2 possible charges for the tin cation are 2+ and 4+. What is the charge on the oxygen anion? Using these charges, write 2 possible empirical formulas for the tin-oxygen product. Does your empirical formula agree with either of these? If not, provide an explanation including any experimental errors that could have occurred.Quantitative Determination of an Empirical FormulaConclusions

Quantitative Determination of an Empirical FormulaFurther InvestigationsFind the percentage composition of your tin-oxygen product using the empirical formula you found. Find the molar mass of your empirical formulaDivide the mass contributed byeach element by the totalmolar massMultiply by 100 to change to %

Quantitative Determination of an Empirical FormulaFurther InvestigationsAnalysis of a 20.30 g sample of a compound containing phosphorous and oxygen shows that 8.87 g of the sample are phosphorous. Calculate the empirical formula of the compound.

If 8.87 g of the sample is phosphorous, then the rest (11.43 g) is oxygen. 20.30 g 8.87 g = 11.43 g

Quantitative Determination of an Empirical FormulaFurther InvestigationsNow, use your notes to find the empirical formula:Change grams of each to moles.Divide by the smallest number of moles you found.If you didnt get a whole number, multiply by a small number to get a whole number.Write the empirical formula.

Quantitative Determination of an Empirical FormulaFurther InvestigationsUsing your notes, calculate the empirical formula from the percent composition.Assume a 100 g sample so the percentages become the same as grams.Change grams of each to moles using molar mass.Divide by the smallest number of moles you found.If you didnt get a whole number, multiply by a small number to get a whole number.Write the empirical formula.

The experimental molar mass from problem 3 was found to be 78 g/mol. Calculate the molecular formula.Find the molar mass of the empirical formula from problem 3.Put the bigger molar mass on top and divide to get your n value.Multiply the empirical formula from problem 3 by the n value to get the molecular formula.

Quantitative Determination of an Empirical FormulaFurther Investigations

Quantitative Determination of an Empirical FormulaFurther InvestigationsWrite the correct formula for the substance having a mass of 322 g, and composed of 63.73% Na2S2O3 and 36.27% water.Assume a 100 g sample so the percentages become the same as grams.Change grams of each to moles using molar mass.Divide by the smallest number of moles you found.If you didnt get a whole number, multiply by a small number to get a whole number.Write the empirical formula.

Quantitative Determination of an Empirical FormulaWow, thats it! This lab is worth 46 points, so make sure that all of your data is labeled with units (grams, etc.) and all of your calculations have the proper units.

Make sure your table of contents is updated.

Begin Chapter 7 Review(Youll finish it in-class next time)Chapter 7 reviewPg. 251-253: 2, 15, 19, 21, 23-24, 28-29, 35, 37, 42-43, 45, 49-52, 55

Looking Ahead:Ch. 7 test/concept review/crossword puzzle due:Thursday, May 16th: A DayFriday, May 17th: B Day