From the Ground and All Around - Illinois Booklets/SAI... · From the Ground and All Around ... and…

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  • Illinois Agriculture in the Classroom

    From the Ground and

    All Around

    A Complementary Lesson Booklet for IAITCs

    Summer Agriculture Institute

  • 2 Illinois Agriculture in the Classroom

  • 3 Illinois Agriculture in the Classroom

    Table of Contents

    Web Presence ............................................................................................................................. 4

    Website Information ................................................................................................................... 5

    Tagriculture ................................................................................................................................. 6

    Earth Day/Energy ....................................................................................................................... 7

    Earth Day Bracelet

    Soil ............................................................................................................................................... 8

    Say It With Soil

    Soil Slurry

    Soybeans/Corn/Wheat/Cotton ................................................................................................... 14

    Beanie Baby

    Corn Dissection

    Annas Corn

    Wheat Milling

    Cotton Ginning

    Livestock ................................................................................................................................................ 21

    What COW Is This?

    Milk: The Local Connection

    Milk And So Much More

    The Work Horse

    Nutrition .................................................................................................................................................. 29

    What I Eat

    Mighty Microbes

    Biotechnology ........................................................................................................................................ 35

    DNA Bracelet

    Cell Booklet

    Urban ...................................................................................................................................................... 40

    Urban vs. Rural

    Pumpkin & Apple ................................................................................................................................... 42

    3-D Pumpkin

    Apple Chain

    Online Resources/Recommended Reading ......................................................................................... 44

  • 4 Illinois Agriculture in the Classroom

    www.agintheclassroom.org

    /agintheclassroom @ilagclass

    Web Presence

  • 5 Illinois Agriculture in the Classroom

    Teacher ResourcesIn this section you will find lesson plans, printable AITC materials and lesson

    booklets, and make-n-take activities that are ready for use in your classroom. You will also find grants

    and other resources available to you.

    Contact Your County Agricultural Literacy CoordinatorHere you will find our County Coordina-

    tors listed in alphabetical order by county. These coordinators will help you get your hands on all of

    our free resources, including Ag Mags and kits, and they may even be able to set up time to come into

    your classroom to do activities with your students.

    Teacher WorkshopWe are constantly providing development opportunities for educators, many of

    which offer CPDUs. Check back here often to see when we will be visiting your area and how you can

    see more of our materials.

    IL Farm LifeIn this section, you will find photos, website links and other resources about general

    Illinois agriculture.

    County SupportThis section is for county coordinators and staff only.

    Social Media ButtonsBecome a fan of our Facebook Page or follow us on Twitter by clicking on

    this button or by searching for Illinois Agriculture in the Classroom. This is a great place to collaborate

    and interact with other teachers with wonderful ideas to share. We also work to provide new videos,

    lessons, articles and websites that will help you with lessons in your classroom.

    U.S. Department of Agriculture AITCClick here to go to the National AITC website. This is a great

    place to go and see lessons from Ag in the Classroom programs around the country. Tons of great

    stuff to explore.

    LinksFind links to other agricultural organizations.

    Support AITCClicking here will take you to the IAA Foundation website. The IAA Foundation raises

    funds for the Illinois AITC program in order to provide educators with free or low cost information and

    materials.

    Contact UsHere you will find contact information for Illinois AITC. However, your first contact

    should always be your County Ag Literacy Coordinator, who is your link for free materials, kits and in-

    formation.

    About AITCLearn about the history of both the National and Illinois Ag in the Classroom Programs.

    SearchSearch for lessons, activities and materials that will be useful in your classroom.

    TagricultureDiscussion board designed to share best practices of how agriculture can support

    bigger causes. This can include classroom lessons, activities, etc. Open discussion with the ability to

    communicate with others, ask questions, or share comments.

    Website Information

  • 6 Illinois Agriculture in the Classroom

    A Teach Agriculture Initiative

    Submission

    The Community

  • 7 Illinois Agriculture in the Classroom

    Objective: After completing this lesson, students will discover the circles of our Earth and will be better

    prepared for Earth Day!

    Common Core: Language Arts: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.4.3; RI.4.4; RI.4.5; RF.4.3a

    Next Generation Science Standards:

    Interdependent Relationships in Ecosystems: 3-LS2-1; 3-LS4-3; 3-LS4-4

    Life Cycles & Traits: 3-LS1-1; 3-LS3-1; 3-LS3-2

    Weather & Climate: 3-LESS2-1; 3-ESS3-1

    Structure, Function & Information Processing: 4-LS1-1

    Earths Systems: 5-ESS3-1

    Background Information:

    People move in circles. The earth provides us with everything we need to survive. We must take great care

    of our valuable resources!

    Water is a circle. Water rains down on land. Water collects in oceans, rivers, lakes, and streams. It

    evaporates back up into the sky and collects in clouds. The clouds become heavy, and rain falls down to

    land again.

    Plants and soil are circles. Plants grow from soil. Plants provide food for animals. Animals provide food for

    other animals. Animals die and decompose. New soil is made. New plants grow.

    Earth is a circle. Earth is spinning through space, rotating on its axis, revolving around the sun. The Earth

    and sun give us the circle of the seasons and the circle of night and day.

    Air is a circle. Animals breathe in oxygen and exhale carbon dioxide. Plants take in carbon dioxide, use it to

    make food, and give off oxygen. Animals breathe it in again.

    The sun is a circle. The sun provides warmth for light for all of the Earths circles. Without the sun, plants

    and animals would not survive. The sun binds us together.

    Materials Needed:

    1 pipe cleaner per student 1 small clear pony bead (people)

    1 small blue pony bead (water) 1 small green pony bead (plants)

    1 small brown pony bead (soil) 1 small orange pony bead (day)

    1 small black pony bead (night) 1 small white pony bead (air)

    1 small yellow pony bead (sun) 1 small red pony bead (animals)

    Directions:

    1. String the colored beads on to the pipe cleaner to represent the circles of the Earth. String opposite end of

    the pipe cleaner back through the clear People bead. Now your clear People bead is an adjuster for the

    bracelet.

    Earth Day Bracelet

  • 8 Illinois Agriculture in the Classroom

    Say It With Soil

    Objective: Instruction in this lesson should result in students achieving how to demonstrate

    through writing and how soil interconnects with all living things.

    Common Core: Language Arts: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.4.3; RI.4.4; RI.4.5; RF.4.3a

    Next Generation Science Standards:

    Interdependent Relationships in Ecosystems: 3-LS4-4

    Life Cycles & Traits: 3-LS3-2

    Earths Systems: 5-ESS3-1

    Materials Needed:

    ELA Lesson 2 Soil Quotes Handout Say It With Soil (from Soil mAGic Kit)

    Directions:

    1. Using the provided quotes on the ELA Lesson 2 Soil Quotes Handout Say It With Soil,

    cut quotes into strips and distribute to students.

    2. Students will read the soil quote and write a paragraph about the quote. Some/all of the

    following questions should be addressed:

    What does the quote mean to me?

    What did this quote mean to the author?

    Under what circumstances did the author write this quote?

    Has this quote withstood the passage of time? Why?

    Is this quote appropriate in todays world? Why?

    3. Students can share their writing with the entire class.

    Adapted from Soil mAGic Kit

  • 9 Illinois Agriculture in the Classroom

    Say It With Soil

    Soil Quotes Handout

    Soil, like faith, is the substance of things hoped for, the evidence of things not seen. It is the

    starting point for all living things that inhabit the earth. -Firman E. Bear; 1986

    I know of no pursuit in which more real and important services can be rendered to any country

    than by improving its agriculture. -George Washington; July 20, 1794

    The soil is the source of life, creativity, culture and real independence. -David Ben Gurion,

    Hazon VeDerek; 1950s

    There are two spiritual dangers in not owning a farm. One is the danger of supposing that

    breakfast comes from the grocery, and the other that heat comes from the furnace. -Aldo

    Leopold; 1949

    A nation that destroys its soil, destroys itself. -Franklin D. Roosevelt; 1937

    A conservationist is one who is humbly aware that with each stroke he is writing his signature on

    the face of the land. -Aldo Leopold; 1949

    When tillage begins, other arts follow. The farmers therefore are the founders of human

    civilization. -Daniel Webster; 1840

    If in the human economy, a squash in the field is worth more than a bushel of soil, that does not

    mean that food is more valuable than soil; it means simply that we do not know how to value the

    soil. In its complexity and its potential longevity, the soil exceeds our comprehension; we do not

    know how to place a just market value on it, and we will never learn how. Its value is inestimable;

    we must value it, beyond whatever price we put on it, by respecting it. -Wendell Berry; 1995

    We know more about the movement of celestial bodies than about the soil underfoot. - Leonardo

    DaVinci; 1500s

    Essentially, all life depends upon the soil...There can be no life without soil and no soil without life:

    they have evolved together. -Charles E. Kellogg; 1938

    ..the Latin name for man, homo, derived from humus, the stuff of life in the soil. -Dr. Daniel Hillel;

    late 1900s

    I saw all the people hustling early in the morning to go into the factories and the stores and the

    office buildings, to do their job, to get their check. But ultimately its not office buildings or jobs that

    give us our checks. Its the soil. The soil is what gives us the real income that supports us all. -Ed

    Begley; late 1900s

  • 10 Illinois Agriculture in the Classroom

    Plowed ground smells of earthworms and empires. -Justin Isherwood; 1990

    Soil erosion is as old as agriculture. It began when the first heavy rain struck the first furrow turned

    by a crude implement of tillage in the hands of prehistoric man. It has been going on ever since,

    wherever mans culture of the earth has bared the soil to rain and wind. -Hugh H. Bennett and

    W.C. Lowdermilk; 1930s

    We abuse land because we regard it as a commodity belonging to us. When we see land as a

    community to which we belong, we may begin to use it with love and respect. -Aldo Leopold; 1949

    I bequeath myself to the dirt, to grow from the grass I love; If you want me again, look for me under

    your boot soles. -Walt Whitman; 1855

    We are part of the earth and it is part of us...What befalls the earth befalls all the sons of the earth.

    -Chief Seattle; 1854

    Each soil has had its own history. Like a river, a mountain, a forest, or any natural thing, its present

    condition is due to the influences of many things and events of the past. -Charles Kellogg; 1956

    Nature has endowed the earth with glorious wonders and vast resources that man may use for his

    own ends. Regardless of our tastes or our way of living, there are none that present more

    variations to tax our imagination than the soil, and certainly none so important to our ancestors, to

    ourselves, and to our children. -Charles Kellogg; 1956

    Man and mans earth are unexhausted and undiscovered. Wake and listen! Verily, the earth shall

    yet be a source of recovery. Remain faithful to the earth, with the power of your virtue. Let your gift

    -giving love and your knowledge serve the meaning of the earth. -Friedrich Nietzche; 1870s

    1880s

    A cloak of loose, soft material, held to the earths hard surface by gravity, is all that lies between

    life and lifelessness. -Wallace H. Fuller; 1975

    I cannot conceive of the time when knowledge of soils will be complete. Our expectation is that our

    successors will build on what has been done, as we are building on the work of our predecessors.

    -R.S. Smith; 1928

    Soils are developed; they are not merely an accumulation of debris resulting from decay of rock

    and organic materials...In other words, a soil is an entity an object in nature which has

    characteristics that distinguish it from all other objects in nature. -C.E. Millar & L.M. Turk; 1943

    We spend our lives hurrying away from the real, as though it were deadly to us. It must be

    somewhere up there on the horizon, we think. And all the time it is in the soil, right beneath our

    feet. -William Bryant Logan; 1996

    The wealth of Illinois is in her soil and her strength lies in its intelligent development.

    -Draper; 1899

  • 11 Illinois Agriculture in the Classroom

    Soil Slurry

    Objective: After completing this lesson students will recognize that soil is made up of

    different sized particles that will define its texture, be able to explain why different soil

    particles form layers, and be able to use appropriate increments to measure soil layer

    thickness.

    Common Core: Language Arts: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.4.3; RI.4.4; RI.4.5; RF.4.3a

    Mathematics: CCSS.Math.Content.4.MD.A.2; 4.MD.B.4

    Next Generation Science Standards:

    Structure & Properties of Matter: 5-PS1-1; 5-PS1-2; 5-PS1-3; 5-PS1-4

    Materials Needed:

    2 quart jars with lids

    Masking tape, to label jars

    Dishwashing liquid

    Plastic rulers

    Science Lesson 2 Student Worksheet - Soil Slurry Data Table

    Dry soil sample from garden, flowerbed or field

    Soil sample from roadside, gravel pit or housing development, completely dry

    * Samples for Soil Slurry are taken from the topsoil. Topsoil is the upper, outermost layer of soil, usually the top 2 to 8 inches. It has the highest concentration...