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Full Public Report - Home - NICNAS Web view☐ Hazard classification and labelling ☐ Set exposure standard ☐Scheduling in Poisons Standard (SUSMP/NDPSC/SUSDP) ☐ Advice to consumers/public

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May 2008NICNAS

Hazard classification and labelling

Set exposure standard

Scheduling in Poisons Standard (SUSMP/NDPSC/SUSDP)

Advice to consumers/public

Advice to industry

File No: STD/1291

May 2008

NATIONAL INDUSTRIAL CHEMICALS NOTIFICATION AND ASSESSMENT SCHEME (NICNAS)

FULL PUBLIC REPORT

CIM-05

This Assessment has been compiled in accordance with the provisions of the Industrial Chemicals (Notification and Assessment) Act 1989 (Cwlth) (the Act) and Regulations. This legislation is an Act of the Commonwealth of Australia. The National Industrial Chemicals Notification and Assessment Scheme (NICNAS) is administered by the Department of Health and Ageing, and conducts the risk assessment for public health and occupational health and safety. The assessment of environmental risk is conducted by the Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts.

For the purposes of subsection 78(1) of the Act, this Full Public Report may be inspected at our NICNAS office by appointment only at 334-336 Illawarra Road, Marrickville NSW 2204.

This Full Public Report is also available for viewing and downloading from the NICNAS website or available on request, free of charge, by contacting NICNAS. For requests and enquiries please contact the NICNAS Administration Coordinator at:

Street Address: 334 - 336 Illawarra Road MARRICKVILLE NSW 2204, AUSTRALIA.

Postal Address: GPO Box 58, SYDNEY NSW 2001, AUSTRALIA.

TEL: + 61 2 8577 8800

FAX + 61 2 8577 8888

Website:www.nicnas.gov.au

Director

NICNAS

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Full Public Report3

1.APPLICANT AND NOTIFICATION DETAILS3

2.IDENTITY OF CHEMICAL3

3.COMPOSITION3

4.INTRODUCTION AND USE INFORMATION3

5.PROCESS AND RELEASE INFORMATION4

5.1.Distribution, transport and storage4

5.2.Operation description4

5.3.Occupational exposure4

5.4.Release5

5.5.Disposal5

5.6.Public exposure5

6.PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES5

7.TOXICOLOGICAL INVESTIGATIONS8

7.1.Acute toxicity oral8

7.2.Acute toxicity dermal9

7.4.Irritation skin9

7.5.Irritation eye10

7.6 Skin sensitisation mouse local lymph node assay (LLNA)11

7.7.Repeat dose toxicity12

7.8.1.Genotoxicity bacteria14

7.8.2.Genotoxicity bacteria15

7.9.Genotoxicity in vitro15

8.ENVIRONMENT16

8.1.Environmental fate16

8.1.1.Ready biodegradability16

8.2.Ecotoxicological investigations17

8.2.1.Acute toxicity to fish17

8.2.2.Acute toxicity to aquatic invertebrates18

8.2.3.Algal growth inhibition test19

8.2.4.Lemna growth inhibition test20

8.2.5.Inhibition of microbial activity21

9.RISK ASSESSMENT22

9.1.Environment22

9.1.1.Environment exposure assessment22

9.1.2.Environment effects assessment22

9.1.3.Environment risk characterisation22

9.2.Human health23

9.2.1.Occupational health and safety exposure assessment23

9.2.2.Public health exposure assessment23

9.2.3.Human health effects assessment24

9.2.4.Occupational health and safety risk characterisation25

9.2.5.Public health risk characterisation26

10.CONCLUSIONS ASSESSMENT LEVEL OF CONCERN FOR THE ENVIRONMENT AND HUMANS26

10.1.Hazard classification26

10.2.Environmental risk assessment26

10.3.Human health risk assessment26

10.3.1.Occupational health and safety26

10.3.2.Public health26

11.MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET26

11.1.Material Safety Data Sheet27

11.2.Label27

12.RECOMMENDATIONS27

12.1.Secondary notification27

13.BIBLIOGRAPHY28

Created on 21/04/2008 3:24 PMLast Saved 6/17/2015 2:48:00 PM

Full Public Report

CIM-05

1. APPLICANT AND NOTIFICATION DETAILS

Applicant(s)

Canon Australia Pty Ltd (ABN 66 005 002 951)

1 Thomas Holt Drive

NORTH RYDE NSW 2113

Notification Category

Standard: Chemical other than polymer

Exempt Information (Section 75 of the Act)

Data items and details claimed exempt from publication:

Chemical names, CAS number, Molecular formula, Structural formula, Molecular weight, Spectral data, Methods of detection and determination, Purity, % Weight of Non-Hazardous Impurities, and Import volume

Variation of Data Requirements (Section 24 of the Act)

No variation to the schedule of data requirements is claimed.

Previous Notification in Australia by Applicant(s)

None

Notification in Other Countries

UK (2006)

2. IDENTITY OF CHEMICAL

Marketing Name(s)

CIM-05

Methods of Detection and Determination

Methods

Identity (detection): UV/Visible spectroscopy, Infrared spectroscopy, 1H nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and electrospray ionisation liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (ESI LC-MS).

Purity (assay): HPLC

Test Facility

Fuji Photo Film Co. Ltd. (2005)

3. COMPOSITION

Degree of Purity

> 80%

Hazardous Impurities/Residual Monomers

None

Additives/Adjuvants

None

4.INTRODUCTION AND USE INFORMATION

Mode of Introduction of Notified Chemical (100%) Over Next 5 Years

The notified chemical will be imported only as a component of ink which has already been incorporated into cartridges.

Maximum Introduction Volume of Notified Chemical (100%) Over Next 5 Years

Year

1

2

3

4

5

Tonnes

< 0.1

< 0.1

< 0.5

< 0.5

< 0.5

Use

The notified chemical is used as a component (7% or less) of inkjet printer ink.

5.PROCESS AND RELEASE INFORMATION

5.1.Distribution, transport and storage

Port of Entry

Sydney Airport and Sydney Harbour

Identity of Manufacturer/Recipients

The ink cartridges will be stored at the notifiers warehouse prior to distribution to offices nationwide and office equipment retailers.

Transportation and Packaging

The notified chemical will be imported as a component of ready-to-use sealed inkjet cartridges of 16-150 mL volumes. The cartridges will be transported by road in Australia.

5.2.Operation description

No processing such as reformation, repackaging, filling or refilling of the cartridges containing the notified chemical, or any other handling of the notified chemical is carried out in Australia. Sealed ink cartridges containing the notified chemical will be handled by service technicians, office workers or the public, who will replace spent cartridges in the printers as necessary. Office workers and public will use printers for varied printing work.

5.3.Occupational exposure

Number and Category of Workers

Category of Worker

Number

Exposure Duration

Exposure Frequency

Importation/ Waterside

50

< 8 hours/day

10-50 days/year

Storage and Transport

15

< 8 hours/day

10-50 days/year

Office worker/ consumer

2,000,000

< 0.1 hrs /day

2 days/year

Service Technicians

100

1 hours/day

170days/year

Exposure Details

Exposure to the notified chemical during the importation, transport and storage of the printer cartridges is not expected, except in the unlikely event of an accident where the cartridge and its packaging may be breached. The cartridges will be distributed to a number of outlets, where the cardboard cartons will be opened and boxes containing individual cartridges will be stacked on shelves.

Both office workers and service technicians may be exposed to the notified chemical in ink while changing printer cartridges, and service technicians may additionally be exposed during printer maintenance. Replacement of printer cartridges involves removal of the old printer cartridge from the printing machine and directly loading the new cartridge. Dermal exposure to small quantities of the notified chemical may occur if the print heads are touched while replacing the cartridges. In addition, dermal and possibly ocular exposure could occur when handling faulty or ruptured cartridges.

Dermal exposure of workers may occur when handling printed media before the ink is adequately dried, especially when printing on non-absorbent materials. One kilogram of pure dye would be expected to print several million A4 paper sheets of coloured text or graphics. Under worst-case conditions, each piece of A4 paper could be assumed to incorporate 1 mg of notified chemical. After printed inks are dry, the notified chemical will be bound to the paper or other media, and is not expected to be readily available to cause exposure.

5.4.Release

Release of Chemical at Site

Printer ink will be imported in ready-to-use cartridges (containing < 7% notified chemical). No release is expected as manufacturing and reformulation of the ink containing the notified chemical will not take place in Australia. Environmental release of the notified chemical is unlikely during importation, storage and transportation, and spillage during a transport accident is the most likely reason for environmental release. Individual container capacity, container and packaging specifications would limit the extent of release.

Release of Chemical from Use

The ink cartridges are designed to prevent leakage and will not open during transport, use, installation or replacement. There