A brief history of St. Augustine and some popular tourist attractions.
Text of Fun With History
1. Fun with History St. Augustine Summer Youth College 2008 Mrs. Caryn Cuadra
2. A Brief History of St. Augustine
St. Augustine is the oldest, continuously settled city established by Europeans in the continental United States. It was founded by the Spanish in 1565.
In1586St. Augustine was attacked and burned bySir Francis Drake . In1668it was plundered bypiratesand most of the inhabitants were killed. In1702and1740it was unsuccessfully attacked by British forces from their newcoloniesin theCarolinasandGeorgia .
In1763 , theTreaty of Parisended theFrench and Indian Warand gaveFloridaand St. Augustine to the British, an acquisition the British had been unable to take by force and keep due to the strong fort there. St. Augustine came under British rule and served as aLoyalistcolony during theAmerican Revolutionary War . TheTreaty of Parisin1783gave the American colonies north of Florida their independence, and ceded Florida toSpainin recognition ofSpanish effortson behalf of the American colonies during the war.
Florida was under Spanish control again from1784to1821 . In1821 , theAdams- OnsTreatypeaceably turned the Spanish colonies in Florida and, with them, St. Augustine, over to the United States.
Florida was aUnited States territoryuntil1845when it became aU.S. state .
5. From Flagler to Future
In the late 19th century therailroadcame to town, and led by northeasternindustrialist Henry Flagler , St. Augustine became a winterresortfor the very wealthy.
The city is a populartouristattraction for a variety of reasons.
6. Flagler College
Flagler College was formerly Ponce De Leon Hotel built by Henry Morrison Flagler in the late 1800s.
It is a private 4-year liberal arts college.
Tours are available.
7. Castillo de San Marcos
The Castillo is amasonry star fortmade of a stone called " coquina ", literally "little shells", made of ancient shells that have bonded together to form a type of stone similar tolimestone . Workers were brought in fromHavana ,Cuba , to construct the fort. Thecoquinawas quarried fromAnastasia Islandacross the bay from the Castillo, and ferried across to the construction site. Construction lasted twenty-three years, being completed in 1695.
8. Fort Mose Settlement
Fort Mose (pronounced "Moh-say") was the first free black settlement legally sanctioned in what would become theUnited States . The community began whenFloridawas aSpanish colony . The Colonial Governor, Manuel Montiano, established the fortified town in1738 , where it became a haven for escaped slaves from theEnglish coloniesto the north. Because of this, it is considered a precursor site of theUnderground Railroad . The military leader at the fort was a man of African origin namedFrancisco Menendez .
9. St. Augustine Lighthouse
St. Augustine was the site of the firstlighthouseestablished inFloridaby the new, territorial, American Government in 1824. According to some archival records and maps, this "official" American lighthouse was placed on the site of an earlier watchtower built by theSpanishas early as the late 16th century.
10. Oldest Wooden Schoolhouse
TheOldest Wooden School Houseis a wooden structure near the city gates ofSt. Augustine, Florida . It is reportedly the oldest woodenschool buildingin theUnited States . The house is encircled by a largechain , placed there in 1937, to help anchor it to the ground in case of ahurricane . The walls are made ofbald cypressandred cedarwhich are held together by wooden pins and iron spikes but it has had recent maintenance such as a new roof among other fixes. The building originally belonged to Juan Genoply. The classroom was shared by both boys and girls, making it the first school in the nation to go " co-ed ".
11. What interests you about St. Augustine? 12. Goals of this class
Learn about St. Augustine
Redesign the city
Share what weve learned through creating a brochure.