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  • Dry Grain Pulses CRSP Progress Reports (April 1, 2008-September 30, 2008)

    FY 2008 TECHNICAL PROGRESS REPORTS

    April 1, 2008-September 30, 2008

    Dry Grain Pulses Collaborative Research Support Program (CRSP)

  • Dry Grain Pulses CRSP Progress Reports (April 1, 2008-September 30, 2008)

  • Dry Grain Pulses CRSP Progress Reports (April 1, 2008-September 30, 2008)

    FY 2008 TECHNICAL PROGRESS REPORTS April 1, 2008-September 30, 2008

    Dry Grain Pulses Collaborative

    Research Program (CRSP)

    This publication was made possible through support provided by the Office of Economic Growth, Agriculture and Trade, U.S. Agency for International Development, under the terms of Cooperative Agreement No. EDH-A-00-07-00005-00. The opinions expressed herein are those of the Dry Grain Pulses CRSP and do not necessarily reflect the views of the U.S. Agency for International Development.

    For Further Information, Contact: Dry Grain Pulses CRSP 321 Agriculture Hall Michigan State University East Lansing, MI 48824-1039, U.S.A. Phone: (517) 355-4693 Fax: (517) 432-1073 Email: [email protected] Hhttp://pulsecrsp.msu.edu

  • Dry Grain Pulses CRSP Progress Reports (April 1, 2008-September 30, 2008)

  • Dry Grain Pulses CRSP Progress Reports (April 1, 2008-September 30, 2008)

    TABLE OF CONTENTS PREFACE………………………………………………………………………………iii Using Improved Pulse Crop Productivity to Reinvigorate Smallholder Mixed Farming Systems in Western Kenya

    Progress Report………..……………………………………………………………...…1 Capacity Building………………………………………………………………………12 Semi-Annual Indicators of Progress…………………………………………………..14 Performance Indicators………………………………………………………………...15

    Enhancing Nutritional Value and Marketability of Beans through Research and Strengthening Key Value Chain Stakeholders in Uganda and Rwanda

    Progress Report………..…………………………………………………………….....17 Capacity Building………………………………………………………………………29 Semi-Annual Indicators of Progress…………………………………………………..32 Performance Indicators………………………………………………………………...33

    Combining Conventional, Molecular and Farmer Participatory Breeding Approaches to Improve Andean Beans for Resistance to Biotic and Abiotic Stresses

    Progress Report……….………………………………………………………………..35 Capacity Building………………………………………………………………………43 Semi-Annual Indicators of Progress…………………………………………………..45 Performance Indicators………………………………………………………………...46

    Expanding Pulse Supply and Demand in Africa and Latin America: Identifying Constraints and New Strategies

    Progress Report………..………………………………...…………………………......47 Capacity Building………………………………………………………………………56 Semi-Annual Indicators of Progress…………………………………………………..61 Performance Indicators………………………………………………………………...64

    Improving Bean Production in Drought-Prone, Low Fertility Soils of Africa and Latin America – An Integrated Approach

    Progress Report………..………………………………………………………………..65 Capacity Building………………………………………………………………………76 Semi-Annual Indicators of Progress…………………………………………………..78 Performance Indicators………………………………………………………………...79

    Modern Cowpea Breeding to Overcome Critical Production Constraints in Africa and the US

    Progress Report………..……………………….……………………………......……..81 Capacity Building………………………………………………………………………95 Semi-Annual Indicators of Progress…………………………………………………..97 Performance Indicators………………………………………………...……………...98

  • Dry Grain Pulses CRSP Progress Reports (April 1, 2008-September 30, 2008)

    Biological Foundations for Management of Field Insect Pests of Cowpea in Africa Progress Report………..…………………………………………………………..…....99 Capacity Building……………………………………………………………………..104 Semi-Annual Indicators of Progress…………………………………………………105 Performance Indicators……………………………………………………………….106

    Development, Testing and Dissemination of Genetically Improved Bean Cultivars for Central America, the Caribbean and Angola

    Progress Report………..……………………………………………………………...107 Capacity Building……………………………………………………………………..118 Semi-Annual Indicators of Progress…………………………………………………121 Performance Indicators……………………………………………….………………122

    Capacity Building Activities Conducted by the Pulse CRSP in FY 08: Summary Report………………………………………………………………………123 FY 2008 Annual Report of the Management Office……………………………………127 Acronyms……...……………………………………………………………………….141

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  • Dry Grain Pulses CRSP Progress Reports (April 1, 2008-September 30, 2008)

    PREFACE Dry Grain Pulses Collaborative Research Support Program (CRSP) FY 2008 TECHNICAL PROGRESS REPORTS (April 1 – September 30, 2008) Phase I Projects The global pulse industry is entering a new era characterized by globalization of markets and fundamental changes in food value-chains, presenting many challenges as well as opportunities for small-holder farmers in developing countries and the United States. Pulse crops, including such edible legumes as common bean, cowpea, pigeon pea, chickpea, lima bean, lentil, etc., represent an important group of staple food crops that contribute to addressing household food security, generate income, enhance soil quality and thus the sustainability of agricultural systems, and perhaps most importantly provide important nutrients (e.g., protein, dietary fiber, vitamin B and complex carbohydrates) essential for nutritious and healthy diets. In September 2007, the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) awarded a five- year (2002-2012) contract (Cooperative Agreement No. EDH-A-00-07-00005-00) to Michigan State University to serve as the Management Entity for the Dry Grain Pulses CRSP. The global program vision of the Dry Grain Pulses CRSP is to contribute to: • Economic growth and food and nutritional security through knowledge and technology

    generation, • Sustainable growth and competitiveness of pulse value chains utilizing socially and

    environmentally compatible approaches, • Empowerment and strengthened capacity of agriculture research institutions in USAID

    priority countries, • USAID’s developmental objectives as defined in the Policy Framework for Bilateral Foreign

    Aid and the Presidential Initiative to End Hunger in Africa (IEHA), and • Achievement of Title XII legislation objectives including the provision for dual benefits to

    developing country and U.S. agriculture. The Dry Grain Pulses CRSP seeks to achieve its technical vision through support for a portfolio of integrated, multi-disciplinary research, training and outreach activities that focus on beans, cowpeas and related pulses and address four strategic themes. • To reduce pulse production costs and risks for enhanced profitability and competitiveness, • To increase the utilization of pulse grain, food products, and ingredients so as to expand

    market opportunities and improve community health and nutrition, • To improve the performance and sustainability of pulse value-chains, especially for the

    benefit of women, and • To increase the capacity, effectiveness and sustainability of agriculture research institutions

    which serve bean, cowpea and related pulse sectors and developing country agricultural industries.

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    For the initial five-year authorization of the Dry Grain Pulses CRSP, a two-phase technical program is being implemented with two project award cycles; Phase I (April 1, 2008 –

  • Dry Grain Pulses C