GIS in Initial Teacher Education

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GIS in Initial Teacher Education. David Mitchell, Institute of Education, London. What do we mean by GIS? Should we be embracing GIS? GIS and the PGCE course GIS and the GA. What does GIS mean?. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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<ul><li><p>GIS in Initial Teacher Education </p><p>David Mitchell, Institute of Education, London</p></li><li><p>What do we mean by GIS?Should we be embracing GIS?GIS and the PGCE courseGIS and the GA</p></li><li><p>What does GIS mean?</p></li><li><p>a digital map, data located on the map, and a software application (GIS) that links the two together</p><p>Diane Freeman (2004)</p></li><li><p>What counts as a GIS?</p></li><li><p>GIS viewers?</p></li><li><p>Google earth</p></li><li><p>Subscription GIS viewers?</p></li><li><p>infomapper</p></li><li><p>Digital worlds</p></li><li><p>Proper GIS?</p></li><li><p>AEGIS3</p></li><li><p>Should we be embracing GIS in Geography education?</p></li><li><p>We do not wish to fall prey to technocentrism, the justification for the use of technology because of the so called Mount Everest rationalewe use it because it is there Bednarz and Ludwig, (1997) </p></li><li><p>1. The Educative Justification Many argue that GIS helps students to learn geography by practicing spatial thinkingSarah Witham Bednarz (2001)</p></li><li><p>Spatial Thinking SkillsAdapted from Bednarz (2001) </p><p>Spatial Relations (one of the spatial thinking skills often used in geography learning) Processes used in cognitive mapping and GISRecalling and representing layoutsConnecting locationsAssociating and correlating spatially distributed phenomenaWayfinding in real world frames of referenceImagining maps from verbal descriptionsOverlaying and dissolving maps (windowing)CorrelatingEvaluating regularity or randomnessAssociatingAssessing similarityForming hierarchies Assessing proximity (requires knowing location) Measuring distanceMeasuring directionsDefining shapesDefining patterns</p></li><li><p>Cognitive maps are the store of knowledge an individual has about environments organised as internal models of the world. Cognitive maps are the basis of both spatial and non-spatial decision-making. Bednarz (2001)It has been suggested that cognitive maps are an internalised geographic information system. </p></li><li><p>improved spatial thinking improved cognitive mapping GIS in schoolImproved decision-making improved geography learning but more research needed to explore the claim that GIS improves cognitive mapping &amp; spatial thinking skills</p></li><li><p>Is GIS the preserve of Geography?</p></li><li><p>2. The Workplace Justification: GIS as an Essential Skill knowledge workers able to collect data, calculate and analyse data, and communicate knowledge.but should this drive GIS in schools?</p></li><li><p>we need to make a strong geographic and pedagogic case for or against GIS/GISciWe do not need to join a technology-driven-workplace-oriented crusade on behalf of GIS/GISci unless we are convinced that it is in the best interests of students and their personal, social, and spatial development.</p><p>Sarah Witham Bednarz (2001)</p></li><li><p>Develop geographies and pedagogies through GIS</p></li><li><p>Barriers to GIS in schools</p></li><li><p>Barriers to GIS in schoolsAccess to hardware/ software/ dataTraining resourcesClear pedagogic &amp; geographic rationaleCurriculum space &amp; priorities</p></li><li><p>Case of the IOE, Londona) ICT assignmentFind opportunity for geographical enquiry in the curriculum using GIS (should have important human implications e.g. hazard, urban planning issue) Plan a sequence of 2-3 lessons using GISEvaluate how the ICT (through GIS) affected the geographical learning and the learning of generic skills (including ICT skills)</p></li><li><p>b) GIS support &amp; resources for students Teaching sessions, aegis, arcview, infomapper &amp; free web GIS viewers, used to support enquiry learningFree trial periods with AEGIS &amp; infomapper, to partner schoolsICT observation days in partner schools (currently these are not exclusively GIS focused)</p></li><li><p>How has it gone?</p></li><li><p>Google earth</p></li><li><p>AEGIS3</p></li><li><p>arcview</p></li><li><p>GA projects: GIS</p></li><li><p> Train the Trainers Ordnance SurveyNov 17, 2005an annual event?GA websiteSupport from GIS providers Discussion forum</p></li><li><p>GA website</p></li><li><p>Spatially speaking GA/ESRI UK (arcview)</p></li><li><p>HEIF3 project bid </p></li><li><p>In conclusionShould GIS be seized by beginning teachers to re-state the power of Geography in school?</p></li></ul>

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