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GOTHIC ARCHITECTURE IN THE MIDDLE AGES. ROMANESQUE ARCHITECTURE STYLE OF ROMAN PUBIC BUILD- INGS – BASILICA IN THE ROMAN MANNER FORTRESSES OF GOD STONE,

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GOTHIC ARCHITECTURE IN THE MIDDLE AGES Slide 2 ROMANESQUE ARCHITECTURE STYLE OF ROMAN PUBIC BUILD- INGS BASILICA IN THE ROMAN MANNER FORTRESSES OF GOD STONE, THICK WALLS, CROSS SHAPED ENTER LOOK EAST TO JERUSALEM SMALL WINDOWS, INTERIOR PAINTED LIGHT COLORS TO ALLEVIATE DARKNESS SIDE ALTARS ERECTED BY ARISTO- CRATS & GUILDS Slide 3 ABBOTT SUGER & ST. DENIS RECONSTRUCT CAROLINGIAN ABBEY CHURCH BEGUN 1137 & FINISHED 1144 FIRST GOTHIC CHURCH VASARI COINED TERM 16 TH C LIGHTER WALLS, BIGGER WINDOWS, RIBBED VAULTS, STAINED GLASS, FLYING BUTTRESSES, POINTED ARCHES REPRESENTED LOVE & DEVOTION TO GOD, CIVIC PRIDE, COMPETITION AMONG TOWNS WEST FRONT LAST JUDGEMENT; NORTH SIDE OLD TESTAMENT; SOUTH NEW TESTAMENT EVERYTHING HAD SIGNIFICANCE Slide 4 ABBEY CHURCH ST. DENIS INTERIOR & FLIGHT INTO OF EGYPT CRADLE OF GOTHIC ART Slide 5 NOTRE DAME OUR LADY 1163, 114 FEET, BRIDGE B/W SUGER & CHARTRES EARLY GOTHIC WEST FACADEFLYING BUTTRESS Slide 6 STAINED GLASS REPLACES MANUSCRIPT ILLUMINATION AS LEADING FORM OF PAINTING IN MIDDLE AGES INVENTED BY EGYPTIANS, ADD METALLIC OXIDES TO MIX OF SAND & ASH OR LIME THEN FUSE AT HIGH TEMPERATURES. TEACH PEOPLE THE DOCTRINE OF CHRISTIAN FAITH THROUGH VISUAL IMAGES ROSE WINDOW AT NOTRE DAME Slide 7 HIGH GOTHIC CHARTRES CATHEDRAL 1194 BEGUN 119 FEET- NEAR PERFECT EMBODIEMENT OF SPIRIT IN STONE & GLASS FIRST TO BE PLANNED WITH FLYING BUTTRESSES Slide 8 CATHEDRAL AT REIMS 1211 SOME SAY THE MOST BEAUTIFUL REPLACES OLDER CHURCH DESTROYED BY A FIRE IN 1211, WHICH WAS BUILT ON THE SITE OF THE BASILICA WHERE CLOVIS WAS BAPTIZED IN 496 THE TOWERS ABOUT 267 FT. WERE ORIGINALLY DESIGNED TO RISE ABOUT 394 Slide 9 AMIENS & BEAUVAIS AMIENS NAVE 48FT WIDE 144 FT HIGH BEAUVAIS NEVER FINISHED VAULTS COLLAPSED UNDER WEIGHT 1284 & 1573