Grain Transportation Report Nov 07, 2013 ¢  at Brazilian ports were backed up during September. India¢â‚¬â„¢s

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  • A weekly publication of the Transportation and Marketing Programs/Transportation Services Division

    www.ams.usda.gov/GTR

    Nov. 7, 2013

    Contents

    Article/

    Calendar

    Grain

    Transportation

    Indicators

    Rail

    Barge

    Truck

    Exports

    Ocean

    Brazil

    Mexico

    Grain Truck/Ocean

    Rate Advisory

    Data Links

    Specialists

    Subscription

    Information

    --------------

    The next

    release is Nov. 14, 2013

    Preferred citation: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Agricultural Marketing Service. Grain Transportation Report. November 7, 2013.

    Web: http://dx.doi.org/10.9752/TS056.11-07-2013

    Grain Transportation Report

    Contact Us

    WEEKLY HIGHLIGHTS

    Gulf Grain Vessel Loading Activity Has Been Strong

    Grain loading activity in the U.S. Gulf has been strong during the past few weeks. During the week ending October 31, 44 ocean-going

    grain vessels were loaded in the Gulf, 7 percent more than the same period last year and 5 percent more than the 4-year average. Seventy-

    nine vessels are expected to be loaded within the next 10 days, 36 percent more than the same period last year and 23 percent above the 4-

    year average. In the past 4 weeks, an average of 46 ocean-going grain vessels were loaded per week, and an average of 74 vessels were

    expected to be loaded within the next 10 days.

    Grain Inspections Continue Above 3-Year Average

    For the week ending October 31, total inspections of grain (corn, wheat, and soybeans) for export from all major port regions reached 3.19

    million metric tons (mmt), down 6 percent from the previous week but 35 percent above this time last year. Despite the decrease, grain

    inspections during the past four weeks were 21 percent above the 3-year average and up 22 percent from last year. Total corn inspections

    (.797 mmt) increased 20 percent from the previous week, as shipments to Asia and Mexico rebounded. Total inspections of soybeans

    decreased 3 percent from the past week, and wheat inspections dropped 57 percent. During the last four weeks, Pacific Northwest and

    Mississippi Gulf grain inspections were 9 and 25 percent above this time last year.

    Secondary Railcar Market Reaches Historic High

    During the week ending October 31, average November non-shuttle secondary railcar bids/offers per car were $908.50 above tariff, up

    $492 from last week and $908.50 higher than last year. Average shuttle bids/offers were $1,696 above tariff, up $596 from last week and

    $1,937.50 higher than last year. These averages reflect the highest bids on record–$1,617 for non-shuttle service and $2,517 for shuttle

    service–even when adjusted for inflation. Both of these bids are for delivery of railcars on the BNSF Railway, whose train velocity has been

    reduced by the record harvest and maintenance of way improvements to increase future capacity. BNSF states that it is currently finishing

    most of the track work and bringing additional locomotives, railcars, and crews on-line to address service issues. BNSF has indicated service

    should improve each week throughout November. Across the border, the record harvest in Canada has similarly strained its rail

    transportation system. Despite record car deliveries, railcar demand is still twice the available supply, leading to a shortage of railcars on

    both the Canadian Pacific and Canadian National lines, as ships idle in Pacific ports

    waiting for graincars to arrive.

    Soybeans Dominate Barge Traffic As Most of New Corn and Soybean Crop Has Been Harvested

    As of November 3, 86 percent of the nation’s soybean crop has been harvested, slightly ahead of the 5-year average pace of 85 percent. For

    the week ending November 2, soybean movements represented 71 percent of downbound barge grain movements originating on the locking

    portions of the river system. The corn harvest is 73 percent complete, slightly ahead of the 5-year average pace of 71 percent. Corn

    movements were 25 percent of downbound grain barge movements. According to barge operators and shippers, if the corn crop is estimated

    to be near or above record levels, corn barge movements should reach significant volumes in the near future. In addition, fertilizer upbound

    movements at Mississippi River Locks 27 was 213,000 tons for the week ending November 2. Last October, upbound fertilizers averaged

    167,000 tons per week.

    The Federal Maritime Commission Calls for Global Regulatory Summit on P3 Alliance

    The U.S. Federal Maritime Commission Chairman, Mario Cordero, issued a call to fellow regulators in the European Union and the People’s

    Republic of China, to join with him in a Global Regulatory Summit on the proposed P3 Global Alliance of the world’s three largest container

    carriers: Maersk Line, CMA-CGM, and Mediterranean Shipping. The Summit would take place in Washington, DC, with regulators

    discussing their respective regulatory roles in considering the impact of the announced Alliance. The three carriers announced they would

    begin cooperating in 2014 on routes covering Asia to Europe as well as transpacific and transatlantic routes to the United States. Early

    estimates by Maersk Line’s chief trading and marketing officer put market control of such an alliance at about 42 percent on the Asia-to-

    Europe route, 24 percent on the transpacific routes, and 40–42 percent on the transatlantic route. Many agricultural exporters that use

    containers are concerned this alliance will reduce the number of available vessels and increase rates for the impacted trade lanes.

    Snapshots by Sector

    Rail

    U.S. railroads originated 25,099 carloads of grain during the week ending October 26, up 12 percent from last week, 30 percent from last

    year, and up 12 percent from the 3-year average.

    Barge

    During the week ending November 2, barge grain movements totaled 856,626 tons, 1.4 percent higher than the previous week and 9 percent

    higher than the same period last year.

    During the week ending November 2, 549 grain barges moved down river, up 3 percent from last week; 921 grain barges were unloaded in

    New Orleans, up 13.3 percent from the previous week.

    Ocean

    During the week ending November 1, the ocean freight rate for shipping bulk grain from the Gulf to Japan was $54.50 per mt, down 1

    percent from the previous week. The cost of shipping from the Pacific Northwest to Japan was $30.50 per mt, down 2 percent from the

    previous week.

    Fuel

    During the week ending November 4, U.S. average diesel fuel prices decreased 1 cent from the previous week to $3.86 per gallon—15 cents

    lower than the same week last year.

    http://www.ams.usda.gov/AMSv1.0/ams.fetchTemplateData.do?template=TemplateA&navID=AgriculturalTransportation&leftNav=AgriculturalTransportation&page=ATBrazilExportSoybeanTransportIndicatorReports&description=Brazil%20Export%20Soybean%20Transport%20Indicato http://www.ams.usda.gov/AMSv1.0/ams.fetchTemplateData.do?template=TemplateA&navID=AgriculturalTransportation&leftNav=AgriculturalTransportation&page=ATMexicoTransportCostIndicatorReports&description=Mexico%20Transport%20Cost%20Indicator%20Reports&acct=grai http://www.ams.usda.gov/AMSv1.0/ams.fetchTemplateData.do?template=TemplateA&navID=AgriculturalTransportation&leftNav=AgriculturalTransportation&page=ATGTRDatasets&description=GTR%20Datasets http://dx.doi.org/10.9752/TS057.10-4-2012 mailto:GTRContactUS@ams.usda.gov http://www.ams.usda.gov/AMSv1.0/ams.fetchTemplateData.do?template=TemplateA&navID=AgriculturalTransportation&leftNav=AgriculturalTransportation&page=ATQuarterlyUpdates&description=Grain Truck and Ocean Rate Advisory mailto:GTRContactUS@ams.usda.gov

  • November 7, 2013

    Grain Transportation Report 2

    Feature Article/Calendar

    Increased Iron Ore and Grain Shipments Drive Up Ocean Freight Rates

    Increased iron ore imports by China and a surge in U.S. grain exports drove bulk ocean freight rates higher during

    the 3 rd

    quarter. Ocean freight rates for shipping bulk grain through the U.S. Gulf to Japan during the 3 rd

    quarter

    averaged $48 per metric ton (mt)—4 percent more than the previous quarter, but 3 and 13 percent below last year

    and the 4-year average, respectively (table and figure). The cost of shipping a metric ton of grain from the Pacific

    Northwest (PNW) to Japan averaged about $27—11 and 1 percent more than the previous quarter and last year, and

    12 percent less than the 4-year average. Ocean freight rates from the Gulf to Rotterdam, Europe, averaged

    approximately $25 per mt during the quarter—19 and 14 percent above the previous quarter and last year, and 6

    percent more than the 4-year average. The spread between the Gulf and PNW rates declined during the quarter to

    $21 per mt, lower than last year and the 4-year average.

    In July, higher rates in the Pacific region were driven by iron shipments to China. In the Atlantic region, grain

    exports from the U.S. Gulf and Argentina both increased, as did coal shipments. Although the freight market was

    mixed during August, Chinese steel demand increased beca