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  • GRAMMATICAL ERRORS ANALYSIS IN THE FOURTH

    SEMESTER STUDENTS ESSAY WRITING

    AT UNIVERSITAS MUHAMMADIYAH SIDOARJO

    THESIS

    By:

    DEWI KUSNIATUS SOLIHAH

    NIM. 15.88203.00055

    ENGLISH EDUCATION STUDY PROGRAM

    FACULTY OF TEACHER TRAINING AND EDUCATION

    UNIVERSITAS MUHAMMADIYAH SIDOARJO

    2017

  • i

  • ii

    GRAMMATICAL ERRORS ANALYSIS IN THE FOURTH

    SEMESTER STUDENTS ESSAY WRITING

    AT UNIVERSITAS MUHAMMADIYAH SIDOARJO

    Submitted in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of

    SarjanaPendidikan (S. Pd) in Teaching English

    THESIS

    By:

    DEWI KUSNIATUS SOLIHAH

    NIM. 15.88203.00055

    ENGLISH EDUCATION STUDY PROGRAM

    FACULTY OF TEACHER TRAINING AND EDUCATION

    UNIVERSITAS MUHAMMADIYAH SIDOARJO

    2017

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  • iv

  • v

    PERNYATAAN KEASLIAN TULISAN

    Saya yang bertanda tangan di bawah ini:

    Nama : Dewi Kusniatus Sholihah

    Tempat, Tgl Lahir : Denpasar, 26 Juni 1994

    NIM : 15.88203.00055

    Prodi : Pendidikan Bahasa Inggris

    Fakultas : Fakultas Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan

    Judul Skripsi : GRAMMATICAL ERRORS ANALYSIS IN

    THE FOURTH SEMESTER STUDENTS

    ESSAY WRITING AT UNIVERSITAS

    MUHAMMADIYAH SIDOARJO

    Dosen Pembimbing : Fika Megawati, M. Pd

    Dengan ini menyatakan dengan sebenarnya bahwa skripsi yang

    saya tulis ini benar benar merupakan hasil karya saya sendiri, bukan

    pengambilan karya orang lain atau pikiran orang lain yang saya akui

    sebagai hasil tulisan atau hasil pemikiran saya sendiri dan saya

    bertanggung jawab secara akademis atas apa yang saya tulis. Pernyataan

    ini dibuat sebagai salah satu syarat menempuh ujian skripsi.

    Sidoarjo, 24 Juli 2017

    Yang Menyatakan

    Dewi Kusniatus Sholihah

    NIM. 15.88203.00055

  • vi

    MOTTO

    And when it is said, Come up higher! Go up higher; Allah will

    exalt those who believe among you, and those who have

    knowledge, to high ranks. Allah is informed of what you do.

    (Q.S. Al-Mujaadalah (58): 11)

  • vii

    DEDICATION

    This thesis is lovely dedicated to:

    My beloved mother (SITI MAMLUATUL CHOIROH); the air of

    my breath. She teaches me everything, how I grow up live, and

    survive. The greatest thing of my life is being the luckiest

    daughter to have her as my mom.

    My beloved father (DIEMYATI ANSYAH); the soul of my life. He

    is the best father in the world and Im the lucky one for having

    you. Proud of you.

    My both lovely sisters (DIAS HANIFATUR ROFIQOH and DINA

    RIZQIA SALSABILA). They are so motivated and always give me

    support.

    I love them so much.

    My dearest future husband, lovely family, and closest friends (TK

    ABA 3 DENPASAR, MTs AL-MAARUF DENPASAR, MAN

    NEGARA, PARE-DISE KEDIRI, ENGLISH DEPARTEMENT

    UN PGRI KEDIRI, PBI UNIVERSITAS MUHAMMADIYAH

    SIDOARJO AND IBU TITIK SUMIWATIS BOARDING

    HOUSE) , who always motivate, love, support each other.

    Wherever you are, hopefully we will be success.

    Thanks for all you gave.

  • viii

    ABSTRACT

    Solihah, Dewi Kusniatus. 2017. Grammatical Error Analysis in

    the Students Essay Writing made by the Fourth Semester

    Students of English Education Study Program at

    Universitas Muhammadiyah Sidoarjo in Academic Year

    2016/2017 A Thesis. English Education Study Program,

    Faculty of Teacher Training and Education Universitas

    Muhammadiyah Sidoarjo. Advisor: Fika Megawati, M.

    Pd

    This research is conducted to find out the most common errors

    in essay writing made by the fourth semester students of English

    Education Study Program based on surfae strategy taxonomy

    which are omission, addition, misformation, and misordering. The

    researcher uses qualitative method in this research. In conclusion,

    the students committed misformation, omission, addition, and

    miordering; and misformation is the most commonly committed

    error that found in their essays.

    Keywords: Grammatical Errors, Error Analysis, Students

    Essay

  • ix

    ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

    Firstly, praise to be Allah SWT who has loved, guided, and

    blessed the researcher in every moment and step on making of

    this thesis entitled GRAMMATICAL ERRORS ANALYSIS IN

    THE FOURTH SEMESTER STUDENTS ESSAY WRITING

    AT UNIVERSITAS MUHAMMADIYAH SIDOARJO as

    partial fulfillment of requirements for degree of teaching English.

    Moreover, the researcher also give the deepest appreciation to

    beloved parents, who have given the greatest prayer, patience,

    moral, financial support, and endless love. It also will be

    expressed to the whole members of family for their biggest love

    and support to finish this research.

    The researcher also got support and motivation from others.

    Accordingly, the researcher would like to give the deeepest

    gratitude to:

    1. Dr. Nur Efendi, M. Pd as Dean of Faculty of Teacher

    Training and Education Universitas Muhammdiyah

    Sidoarjo.

    2. Yuli Astutik, M. Pd as the Chairman of English

    Education Study Program, Faculty of Teacher Training

    and Education Universitas Muhammadiyah Sidoarjo.

  • x

    3. Fika Megawati, M. Pd as the Advisor, for her time,

    valuable, guidance, helps, correction, suggestion, and

    kindness during completing and finishing this thesis.

    4. All the lecturers in English Education Study Program of

    Universitas Muhammadiyah Sidoarjo who had

    educated the researcher during her study.

    5. All the best friends of English Education Study

    Program who have always been encouraged and

    motivated the researcher during her study.

    6. All the bests friend that cannot mentioned one by one.

    Those who have helped the researcher in various ways

    in completing and finishing this thesis.

    Finally, the researcher hopes may Allah SWT, the Lord of the

    world, always bless and gives all directions more than they have

    done to the researcher.

    Sidoarjo, July 2017

    The Researcher

    Dewi Kusniatus Solihah

  • xi

    TABLE OF CONTENT

    COVER

    LOGO i

    COVER SHEET ii

    LEGALIZATION SHEET I iii

    LEGALIZATION SHEET II iv

    MOTTO vi

    DEDICATION vii

    ABSTRACT viii

    ACKNOWLEDGEMENT ix

    TABLE OF CONTENT xi

    LIST OF TABLE xiv

    LIST OF FIGURE xv

    CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION

    1.1 Background of the study ........................................... 1

    1.2 Statement of the Problem .......................................... 4

    1.3 Objective of the Study ............................................... 5

    1.4 Significances of the Study ......................................... 5

    1.5 Scope and Limit ........................................................ 6

    1.6 Definition of Key Terms ........................................... 7

    CHAPTER II REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

    2.1 Writing ...................................................................... 8

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    2.2 Essay Writing ............................................................ 9

    2.2.1 Types of Essay Writing .................................... 10

    2.3 Argumentative Essay ................................................ 12

    2.3.1 The Definition of Argumentative Essay .......... 12

    2.3.2 Structure Elements of Argumentative Essay ... 13

    2.3.3 The Feature of Argumentative Essay ................ 19

    2.4 Error Analysis ........................................................... 20

    2.4.1 The Understanding of Error Analysis .............. 20

    2.4.2 The Distinction Between Error and Mistake..... 22

    2.4.3 Sources of Error ............................................... 23

    2.4.4 Types of Error .................................................. 24

    2.4.5 Procedure of Error Analysis ............................. 32

    2.5 Grammar ................................................................... 33

    2.5.1 Definition of Grammar ..................................... 33

    2.5.2 Grammatical Error in Writing .......................... 34

    2.6 Previous Study ........................................................... 36

    CHAPTER III RESEARCH METHODELOGY

    3.1 Research Design ........................................................ 40

    3.2 The Subject of Study ................................................. 41

    3.3 Data Instrument ......................................................... 41

    3.4 Data Collection ......................................................... 42

    3.5 Data Analysis ............................................................ 42

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    CHAPTER IV RESEARCH FINDING AND DISCUSSION

    4.1 Findings ..................................................................... 44

    4.1.1 The Description of Errors ................................ 45

    4.1.2 Sample of Errors .............................................. 51

    4.2 Discussion ................................................................. 71

    CHAPTER V CONCLUSION AND SUGGESTION

    5.1 Conclusion ................................................................. 73

    5.2 Suggestion ................................................................. 74

    REFERENCES

    APPENDIXES