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Grammatical Errors in Quran

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    Copyright 1996 by M. Rafiqul-Haqq and P. Newton. ll right! re!er"ed.

    The Qur'an: Grammatical Errors

    Mu!li#! belie"e that llah re"ealed a boo$ to ea%h of braha#& Mo!e!& 'a"id and

    (e!u!. )*ut the *oo$ of the prophet braha# wa! lo!t. +he *oo$! of 'a"id ,theP!al#!& Mo!e! ,the +orah& and (e!u! ,the o!pel were %hanged.)/10

    t i! only the 2ur3an that wa! re"ealed to Moha##ad by the angel abriel that wa!

    pre!er"ed& and indeed )Not a !ingle word of it ha! been %hanged or lo!t. t i! found

    today e4a%tly a! it wa! re"ealed to the Prophet Moha##ed.)/50 ! !u%h it i! not

    Moha##ed3! per!onal a%hie"e#ent. Rather it i! a di"ine #ira%le. +he prophethood of

    e"ery prophet wa! atte!ted to by di"ine #ira%le!. t i! belie"ed that the 2ur3an i! od3!

    #ira%le %onfir#ing the prophethood of Moha##ed.

    )+he only #ira%le Moha##ad %lai#ed wa! the 2ur3an ... +he 2ur3an i! the

    only in!pired !%ripture that ha! %o#e down to u! inta%t a! re"ealed to the

    prophet. +here ha! been no ta#pering of the te4t and the original purity of the

    language ha! !tayed undefiled.)/0

    Mu!li#! do belie"e that the 2ur3an i! a literary #ira%le and that it i! un#at%hed

    a#ong any other literature. t i! not a hu#an #a!terpie%e but a di"ine #ira%le& where

    e"ery letter and dot wa! re"ealed fro# hea"en& with no differen%e between what wa!

    re"ealed and what we ha"e in our hand!.

    Ma!terpie%e! are the wor$ of hu#an!. Mira%le! are the wor$ of od. #ira%le& any

    #ira%le& i! !uperior to the be!t of #a!terpie%e!. l!o #ira%le! %annot be )i#pro"edupon) by hu#an effort! !in%e that would be the !a#e a! a%$nowledging that the

    #ira%le& i.e. the wor$ of od& wa! flawed.

    #a!terpie%e !urpa!!e! other wor$! in one parti%ular area. 7or e4a#ple& a #a!tepie%e

    of engineering doe! not ne%e!!arily ha"e to ha"e an ae!theti% appeal. 8r a #a!terpie%e

    in art doe!n3t ha"e to %onfor# to engineering !tandard!. #a!terpie%e in flower

    arrange#ent doe! not ne%e!!arily ha"e to !#ell good.

    Mu!li#! %lai# the 2ur3an not u!t to be a hu#an literary #a!terpie%e& but a di"ine

    literary #ira%le. *ut thi! %lai# doe! not !quare with the fa%t!. 7or the 2ur3an whi%h

    we ha"e in our hand! %ontain! ob"iou! gra##ati%al error! whi%h i! plain to !ee for allwho $now rabi%.

    The First Error

    n :;69

    )

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    +here i! a gra##ati%al error in the abo"e "er!e. +he word

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    +he word haazaani!hould be haazayn.

    +he word haazaaniwa! de%lined in%orre%tly be%au!e the word innain the beginning

    of the no#inal !enten%e %au!e! a for# of de%len!ion %alled )na!b) to the no#inati"e

    and the )yeh) i! the )!ign of na!b). +hi! i! the third gra##ati%al error.

    The Fourth Error

    n 5;[email protected]@

    )t i! not piety& that you turn your fa%e! to the Ga!t and to the Be!t. +rue piety

    i! thi!; to belie"e in od& and the =a!t 'ay ... to gi"e of one3! !ub!tan%e ... and

    to ran!o# the !la"e& to perfor# the prayer& to pay the al#!. nd they who

    fulfil their %o"enant ... and endure with fortitude.) ,rberry

    )=ay!al-birra 3an-tuwalluu wuuuha$u# qibalal-Ma!hriqi wal-Maghrib wa

    laa$innal-birra #an 3aa#ana billaahi wal-?aw#il-3$hiri wal-#alaaa-3i$ati

    wal-Ditaabi wan-nabiyyiin; wa 3aatal-#aala 3alaa hubbihii >awilqurbaa wal-

    yataa#aa wal-#a!aa$iina wabna!-!abiili wa!-!aaa-3iliina wa fir-riqaab;wa3aqaa#a!--a$aata wal-#uufuuna bi3ahdihi# 3i>aa

    3aahaduu wa!->arraaa-3i ...)

    n the abo"e "er!e there are fi"e gra#ati%al error!. n four of the# the wrong ten!e

    wa! u!ed& a! the !enten%e begin! in the pre!ent ten!e with the "erb tuwalluu& while the

    other four "erb! were written in the pa!t ten!e;

    'aaman!hould be tu'minuu

    'aata!houd be tu'tuu

    'aqaama!hould be tuqimuu

    'aata!houd be tu'tuu.

    +he abo"e "er!e when tran!lated into Gngli!h a! it appear! in rabi% would be; )t i!

    not righteou!ne!! that ye turnyour fa%e! to the Ga!t and the Be!t but righteou!ne!!

    i! he who believedin llah and the =a!t day and the angel! and the *oo$ and the

    Prophet! and gavehi! wealth& ... and performedprayer and paidthe al#!.)

    *ut the Gngli!h tran!lator! ha"e ob!er"ed the ten!e& and the "erb! )belie"ed)& )ga"e)&

    )perfor#ed)& and )paid) were %orre%ted and written in the pre!ent ten!e. ,7or e4a#ple

    !ee rberry& Pi%$thall& ?u!uf li and Rodwell3! tran!lation!.

    +he fifth error i! the wrong de%len!ion of the wordsaabiriina. t !hould be de%lined

    saabiruunali$e the pre%eeding word muufuuna.

    The Fifth Error

    n ;:9

    )the li$ene!! of (e!u!& in od3! !ight& i! a! da#3! li$ene!! He %reated hi# of

    du!t& then !aid He unto hi#& 3*e&3 and he wa!.) ,rberry

    )nna #a!!ala 3!aa 3indal-laahi $a-#a!ali 3da# $halaqahuu #in-turaabin-

    !u#-#a qaala lahuu $un fa-ya$uun.)

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    +he abo"e "er!e when tran!lated into Gngli!h a! it appear! in rabi% would be; )+he

    li$ene!! of (e!u! with llah i! a! the li$ene!! of da#. He %reated hi# of du!t& then

    He !aid to hi# 3*e&3 and he i!.) +he abo"e i! Pi%$thall3! tran!lation. Plea!e note that he

    tran!latedyakuun,i! a! it appear! in rabi%& i.e. in the pre!ent ten!e.

    +he wordyakuun,)i!) in Gngli!h !hould be kana,)wa!) to be %on!i!tent with thepa!t ten!e of the pre"iou! "erb )!aid) a! it wa! %orre%ted by rberry& Rodwell and

    ?u!uf li in their tran!lation! of that "er!e. +hi! i! the fifth error.

    The Sixth Error

    n 51;

    )+he e"ildoer! whi!per one to another ...)

    )=aahiyatan - quluubuhu#. Ba 3a!arrun-nawalla>iin >ala#uu...)

    +he word 'asarru!hould be 'asarra. +he abo"e i! a "erbal !enten%e& and the rule for

    !u%h a !enten%e& where the "erb %o#e! before the ,#a!%uline !ube%t& i! that the "erb#u!t be in the third ,#a!%uline !ingular for#& if the a%ti"e !ube%t of the "erbal

    !enten%e i! !tated in the !enten%e. ,+he !a#e rule hold! for !ub!tituting the two

    #entioning! of )#a!%uline) by )fe#inine). *ut the "erb in the abo"e 2ur3ani% "er!e

    %a#e in the plural for#. aani Dhi!#ani 3i$hta!a#uu fi rabbihi# ...)

    n rabi%& li$e Gngli!h word! are de%lined or %onugated with re!pe%t to nu#ber. n

    Gngli!h there are two nu#ber!; !ingular and plural.

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    )8 #y =ord& if only +hou would!t defer #e unto a near ter#& !o that #ay

    #a$e freewill offering& and !o #ay be%o#e one of the righteou!.) ,rberry

    )... Rabbi law laaa 3a$hartaniii 3ilaaa 3aalin-qariibin-fa-3a!!addaqa wa 3a$u#-

    #ina!-!alihiin.)

    +he "erb 'akunwa! in%orre%tly %onugated. t !hould be 'akuuna& i.e. the la!t%on!onant #u!t ha"e the "owel )a)& in!tead of being "owelle!!& be%au!e the "erb

    'akun& i! in the !ubun%ti"e. ndeed the pre"iou! "erb ,'assaddaqa ha! been %orre%tly

    %onugated and i! in the !ubun%ti"e. +he rea!on i! that in rabi% the pre!ent ten!e i!

    pla%ed in the !ubun%ti"e #ood if it i! pree%eeded by %ertain word! ,huruf na!ebah.

    8ne of !u%h word! i! the )%au!ati"e fa).

    The Tenth Error

    n 91;:

    )*y the hea"en and that whi%h built it.) ,rberry

    )wa!-!a#aaa-3i wa #aa ba-naahaa.)

    +he word main the rabi% language i! u!ed for the i#per!onal. *ut the !ube%t of the

    abo"e "er!e i! od.

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    gra##ati%al error! in it& and the rab! will read it %orre%tly with their tongue!.3/A0

    +he Mu!li# !%holar bn al-Dhatib who quoted the abo"e report in hi! boo$ al-

    Furqan& went on to #ention another report on the authority of 3a3i!ha& one of

    Moha##ad3! wi"e!& !aying& 3+here are three gra##ati%al error! in the *oo$ of llah&

    they are the fault of the !%ribe;

    n 5F;6

    )2aaluuu inna haa>aani la-!aahiraani ...)

    nd in :;69

    )nnal-la>iina 3aa#anuu wal-la>iina haaduu wa!-anuun.)

    nd in A;165

    )=aa$inir-Raa!i-$huuna fil-3il#i #inhu# wal-Mu3-#inuuna yu3-#inuuna bi-

    #aaa 3un>ila 3ilay$a wa #aaa 3un>ila #in-qabli$a wal-#uqii#iin a!--a$aata wal-Mu3-#i-nuuna billaahi wal-?aw#il-3a$hir;

    3ulaaa 3i$a !anu3-tii-hi# 3aran 3a>ii#aa.)3/:0

    +wo %o##ent! need to be #ade.

    First:Mu!li#! %lai# that the 2ur3an we ha"e in our hand! today i! what wa!

    originally re"ealed to Moha##ed& with no %hange to e"en one letter. Howe"er& there

    are gra##ati%al error! in today3! 2ur3an. n fa%ing the!e error!& we #u!t de%ide

    between one of two %hoi%e!. Gither& the original 2ur3an wa! re"ealed %ontaining the!e

    error!& or the error! re!ulted fro# #i!ta$e! by hu#an !%ribe! a! they were %opying the

    2ur3an. +here e4i!t no other po!!ibilitie!. ! the fir!t %hoi%e i! unthin$able& the !e%ond

    i! the only logi%al e4planation. *ut that al!o #ean! that it i! not true that the 2ur3an

    we ha"e in our hand! i! the )only in!pired !%ripture that ha! %o#e down to u! inta%t a!

    re"ealed to the prophet. +here ha! been no ta#pering of the te4t and the original

    purity of the language ha! !tayed undefiled.)

    Second:f the abo"e error! were found in an arti%le to be publi!hed& the!e error!

    would be %orre%ted. +he arti%le& with the!e error! re#aining in it& %ould not be hailed

    a! a #a!terpie%e.

    +he 2ur3an& be%au!e of the!e error!& i! not e

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