Where is Haiti? Haiti. A Caribbean developing nation
What is Haiti like? Poorest country in Western hemisphere 80% population live in absolute poverty 2/3 depend on agricultural economy largely subsistence GDP per capita = $1,300 Suffers from Hurricanes, flooding and earthquakes
Haiti and its population Population = 9.8 million Growth rate = 2.2% so double in less than 50 years TFR rate = 5.2 children per women Fits early stage 3 of the DTM Shows real evidence of population pressure / overpopulation The population density is 295 people-per- square-kilometre
Wide base = youthful population Narrow top indicating low life expectancy. 63 years ave. Wide base indicates high birth rate Sharp drop in population numbers partly due to AIDS (6% adults) Analysing Haitis population pyramid Why do you think people have large families in Haiti?
Can you make the link?? Now click on the hyperlink to find out more http://www.osei.noaa.gov/Events/Tropical/Atlantic/1998/Mitch_10/TRCmitch299G_G8.jpghttp://www.osei.noaa.gov/Events/Tropical/Atlantic/1998/Mitch_10/TRCmitch299G_G8.jpg
1982 1987 Year 1992 1997 2002 -------------------------Production (metric tons)---------------------- Cereals390,900461,806451,796490,000363,000 Roots and Tubers740,000755,000794,043727,000755,000 Pulses85,900100,711106,52388,00070,500 Vegetables&Melons292,060309,350235,760213,825198,870 Fruits1,027,0401,077,782889,305908,360968,800 Sugar Cane3,000,0001,800,0001,429,2801,100,0001,008,100 Coffee, Green32,25030,08827,35527,00028,000 What trends do you notice about food production in Haiti over this 20 year period???
Impacts of rapid population growth / overpopulation Haiti Rapid population growth (1.9% year) Deforestation of steep (20 degrees) slopes for fuel Loss of binding root systems and canopy interception Extensive soil erosion during tropical storms and hurricanes Increased overland flow Loss of soil fertility Reduced food production (refer to table) Increased Rural poverty Rural-urban migration of 1.5 million to Port au Prince Slum growth e.g. Cite Soleil slum population 300,000 High unemployment (70%) and underemployment (informal sector) Poverty leads to high birth rate TFR 5.4 Vicious downward circle of decline linked to overpopulation
Effects of population pressure on the human environment Haiti - highest incidence of HIV/Aids in Latin America and the Caribbean, with 300,000 cases Diseases like TB and Cholera spreading. Poor health care infrastructure
http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp? NewsID=32001&Cr=haiti&Cr1=www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp? NewsID=32001&Cr=haiti&Cr1 9 September 2009 Haiti has a remarkable opportunity to overcome decades of misrule and neglect, but major hurdles remain and the international community must step up its support to ensure the Caribbean country can consolidate its gains, the United Nations Special Envoy and former United States president Bill Clinton said today.
Test yourself Exam questions Look at the population pyramid below. Explain which stage of the DTM this country would be found in. Justify your answer. Examine the impact of Haitis population structure on the balance between population and resources. (15)