Text of Head lice Advice for children and parents. 2 Outline What are head lice? What are nits? How do we...
Head lice Advice for children and parents
2 Outline What are head lice? What are nits? How do we get head lice? How do I know if I have head lice? Detection combing: how to do it If head lice are found, what do I have to do? How can we prevent head lice?
3 Head lice arent found only in dirty hair ! Head lice like all the heads with hair: dirty or clean, brown, fair or red hair, long or short Having head lice isnt a disease ! Its a normal infection which can be treated Head lice are parasites which need human heads to live on Head lice dont transmit any diseases Its a myth
What are head lice ?
5 The Pediculus capitis: Is an insect without wings 3 pair of legs Size length: max. 4 mm height : 2 mm Colour normally transparent = difficult to detect become brown/red when they have taken a blood meal What are head lice?
6 Habitat They live in human hair, in warm surroundings = behind the ears or around the nape of the neck They are parasites = they feed on human blood Mobility Can swim Cannot jump but can move very quickly What are head lice?
7 Nits are not lice ! Nits are empty shells or dead eggs They are attached to the hair with a kind of strong glue deposited by the louse during the laying Nits can remain weeks or even months after infection What are nits?
How do we get head lice ?
9 Head lice spread through contact : Direct contact : from one head to another (by playing together, doing sports together ) Indirect contact : from objects such as armchairs, scarves, hats, towels in the swimming pool by exchanging cycling helmets, brushes, combs Head lice can infect anyone, not just children How do we get head lice?
How do I know if I have head lice ?
11 Some people will get an itchy scalp Some people dont know they have head lice Detection combing is the best method to identify head lice How do I know if I have head lice?
Detection combing: how to do it ?
13 PREPARATION Get a special detection comb at your local pharmacy Remove tangles with an ordinary comb Divide the wet (towel dried) hair into sections Detection combing: how to do it?
14 STEP 1 With the teeth of the detection comb touching the scalp at the top of the head, start combing towards the end of the hair, keeping the teeth of the comb in contact with the scalp as long as possible. Work on one section at a time STEP 2 Keep a close eye on the comb for any signs of head lice. Wiping it on a tissue can help identify the head lice STEP 3 Repeat the process moving round the whole of the head. It will take 10 - 15 minutes to do it properly Detection combing: how to do it?
15 CONCLUSION If a living moving louse is found, you have head lice You must not be treated unless you find a living, moving louse Nits might be due to a previous infestation, but does not necessarily mean you are infected Detection combing: how to do it?
16 ADVICE Make sure you have plenty of light - ideally natural daylight You can put a white towel on the shoulders or comb the hair over a white surface (wash-basin, bath-tub or white table) to help see the lice falling out of the hair Perform detection combing on all family members and anyone who is likely to have had head-to-head contact with the infected person Detection combing: how to do it?
If head lice are found, what do I have to do ?
18 STEP 1 Go to your local pharmacy to buy an effective head lice treatment STEP 2 Read the leaflet before doing the treatment STEP 3 Treat all infected persons of the family the same day STEP 4 Inform school and everyone who was in close or regular contact over the last 2 weeks If head lice are found, what do I have to do?
19 ADVICE Decontaminate the environment to avoid re-infection Change and wash bed linen and clothes at 60C Everything which cannot be washed at 60C, e.g. synthetic clothing, brushes, combs, armchairs, helmets, soft toys can be decontaminate with a special treatment for the environment (insecticide aerosol) If head lice are found, what do I have to do?
How can we prevent head lice?
21 We recommend that you : Tie back long hair Wear a bathing cap in the swimming pool Use a repellent at times of head lice epidemic Avoid sharing clothing (scarf, hat, helmet), brushes or combs If you find a living moving louse, tell anyone you have been in contact with. Advise them to use the detection method and if they find live lice, advise them to tell everyone they have been in contact with How can we prevent head lice?
22 The main points revised A head louse isnt dangerous but can be very annoying. They can be transmitted by direct or indirect contact with infected people Detection combing helps you to identify head lice If lice are found: buy a head lice treatment at your local pharmacy and treat the infected person, the rest of the family and warn everyone who has been in close contact during the last two weeks If no lice are found: prevent head lice; be careful with sharing clothes and brushes, wear a bathing cap in the swimming pool and tie back long hair. Do a weekly check to be sure