Historic Stagville Durham, North Carolina Tour Guide Training Slide 2 Historical Foundations Historic Stagville is a State Historic Site that includes the remnants of one of the largest plantations in Pre-Civil War South. On this site you will find exhibits that exemplify an 18 th to 19 th century plantation, complete with original plantation house, slave quarters, and barn. Slide 3 Bennehan Family Founded in 1787 by Richard Bennehan Built a one-and-a-half story portion of the house first, then added the two story portion in 1799. Richard Bennehan was a local merchant who maintained a store along the Old Indian Trading Path. Slide 4 The Camerons Duncan Cameron, married to Bennehans daughter Rebecca, added to Stagvilles land in 1807. Fairntosh was constructed on land adjacent to Stagville. Stagville, along with Fairntosh, was the largest plantation complex in the state with 30,000 acres and approximately 900 slaves Slide 5 Bennehan House Slide 6 Facts Example of Georgian Style Architecture Built of Heart Pine Interior woodwork of the house is original Majority of exterior woodwork is believed to be original Glass Windows were ordered from England most is still intact. Chimneys are believed to be early replacements. Slide 7 Domestic Slave Cabin Remains Slide 8 Facts Foundation remains behind the main house. Cabin would have had a wooden plank floor, a shingle roof, and a large fireplace. Foundation would have been dry-laid. House would have measured 19 x 23 Plank flooring would have made this house unusual for the South as most slave cabins had dirt floors. Between five to seven enslaved individuals would have resided here. Slide 9 Kitchen Remains Slide 10 Facts Foundation remains are also behind the main house Separate from the house as that was the practice in 18 th and 19 th century plantations. Building would have been a timber-framed, two story structure with a wood shingle roof. Would have measured 28 by 16 and included three 2 by 20 shuttered windows. There would have been no glass in the windows. Slide 11 Horton Grove Slide 12 Facts Named for the Horton family who first settled the land. Richard Bennehan bought their house and land. Paul Cameron, Bennehans grandson, used this site to construct new slave quarters in 1840. Horton House was used to house the plantation overseer. The house is typical of what most whites would have lived in during the Antebellum Period. Slide 13 Stagvilles Slave Quarters Slide 14 Facts Constructed between 1851 and 1860 Atypical for the time two story with wood plank floors. Employed brick nogging which insulated the house and protected from rodent infestation. Each dwelling would have housed five to seven enslaved individuals. Slide 15 The Great Barn Slide 16 Facts Slave labor helped construct this barn in 1860. Timber was obtained from the plantation. Structural members were hand-hewn while flooring and siding was prepared in plantation sawmill. Measures 135 feet long and is covered with cedar shingles. Was used to house mules. Last major construction project by Paul Cameron. Slide 17 Comprehension Check Using the facts generated by our discussion- write a brief historical overview of Historic Stagville. Slide 18 Runaway Slave Notices-18 th to 19 th centuries Slide 19 Plantation Slave Records ca. 1835 Personal Letters-19 th century Slide 20 Bill of sale for a slave ca.1835 Survey map for purchase of property ca. 1860 Slide 21 WPA Slave Narratives ca. 1930s Slide 22 Primary Sources These are original documents that are created at the time historical events occurred. The preceding slides were all examples of primary sources. Researchers/Historians use these sources to help them paint a realistic picture of everyday life in a historic time. At Historic Stagville, primary sources are used to help recreate the past. Since primary sources are used to interpret history, there is a fair amount of inference involved. Slide 23 Comprehension Check Turn to page 97 of the volunteer manual. Read the sharecropping contract. Write at least two facts that you could derive from this source. Continue this for pages 93, 87, and 63-65. Slide 24 Sharecropping Contract Facts that could be derived from this source include Jasper Jones was a former slave The Civil War is over, therefore the slaves are free. Jasper Jones is illiterate, as would be the case for former slaves. Slide 25 Family Quotes Possible Facts Slaves had little choice in even clothing that they wore. Plantation owners hired out their slaves Careful records for work details were kept. Slide 26 Letter from Paul Cameron Possible Facts Cotton was shipped to Henderson for sale Supplies such as oil and tallow had to be ordered from Raleigh People were uneasy about slaves having weapons. (Nat Turner Rebellion was in1831.) Slide 27 Sharecropping Proposal Possible facts It could be inferred that Paul Cameron felt that his former slaves could not take care of themselves. Stagville was not affected as badly by the war as other plantations as inferred by the amount of supplies. Can compare this source with previous plantation records to show it was still to be business as usual for freed slaves remaining on the plantation. Slide 28 Tour Guide Duties Site Tour Encourage visitors to sign guest book Describe site facilities Slide 29 Planning a Guided Tour Slide 30 Step One: Visitor Preparation adapt tour to visitor's interests Encourage interaction Explain rules of site and safety concerns Slide 31 What to Expect Time Factors-tours take approximately one hour and include visits to Bennehan House, the Great Barn, and Horton Grove Distance factors-Bennehan house is within walking distance to visitor center. Horton Grove and the Great Barn are within driving distance. Slide 32 What to Expect Accessibility-not all of the buildings are handicapped accessible. Visitors with special needs are accomodated,however. Food/Beverage-Water is available in gift shop. Visitors may bring their own picnic lunch. Restroom Facilities-These are located in the visitor center. Slide 33 Step Two: Tour Organization Choose tour theme Consider age/grade level of majority of participants. Identify Key Points for tour based on theme and age level. Make sure that you have included a beginning, middle, and end to your tour. Slide 34 Step Three: Subject Knowledge Communicate accurate, documented information Make sure that you have included the salient points for each building as well as a historical overview of the site. (Refer back to historical overview completed prior to this for ideas.) Slide 35 Step Four: Communication Skills Speak in a clear voice using appropriate language Avoid using a monotone or sing-song voice Do not tell all about a subject in order to have questions at the time. Don't remain on one subject too long Refrain from offering personal opinions Slide 36 Step Five: Interaction Skills Use four types of questions to involve visitors in the tour Remember to adapt tour to suit age and experience of visitors. Wait at least three to five seconds for answers when questioning visitors. Allow visitors to touch items only when appropriate Slide 37 Step Six: Physical Movements Maintain a moderate pace while moving around site. Avoid distracting body movements and maintain eye contact with visitors. Choose stance carefully so that items are protected, but view is not blocked. Slide 38 Comprehension Check View video of tour and use checklist to critique. After video, participants are asked to plan their own tour using the tour plan guide attached.