Horticultural Classification Edible cropsEdible crops –Fruits TropicalTropical –Tree fruits –Small fruits SubtropicalSubtropical –Tree fruits –Small fruits

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Horticultural Classification Edible cropsEdible crops Fruits TropicalTropical Tree fruits Small fruits SubtropicalSubtropical Tree fruits Small fruits TemperateTemperate Tree fruits Small fruits Slide 2 Horticultural Classification Edible cropsEdible crops Vegetables Cool - seasonCool - season Warm - seasonWarm - season Slide 3 What fruit crops are native to North America?? Slide 4 Slide 5 Horticultural Classification Ornamental cropsOrnamental crops Flower and foliage plants Indoor useIndoor use Outside useOutside use Shrubs and Trees Slide 6 Horticultural Classification Miscellaneous horticultural cropsMiscellaneous horticultural crops Drugs Cocaine = from coca leaves (anesthetic) (Erythroxylon coca)Cocaine = from coca leaves (anesthetic) (Erythroxylon coca) Opium = from latex in poppies (pain-killer) (Papaver somniferum)Opium = from latex in poppies (pain-killer) (Papaver somniferum) Codeine & morphine = extracted from opium (pain- killer)Codeine & morphine = extracted from opium (pain- killer) Marijuana/Hemp = stems, leaves & flowers (Cannabis sativa)Marijuana/Hemp = stems, leaves & flowers (Cannabis sativa) Taxol = anti-cancer drug from yew trees/shrubsTaxol = anti-cancer drug from yew trees/shrubs Digitalis = heart medication from foxglove (Digitalis purpurea)Digitalis = heart medication from foxglove (Digitalis purpurea) Slide 7 Cocaine http://cocaine.org/ Slide 8 Cocaine Slide 9 Cocaine Slide 10 Cocaine Slide 11 Cocaine Slide 12 Cocaine Slide 13 Opium http://www.poppies.org/ Slide 14 Hemp http://www.hemp.net/ Slide 15 Slide 16 Slide 17 Hemp clothing Slide 18 Slide 19 Slide 20 Slide 21 Taxol Slide 22 Digitalis Slide 23 Horticultural Classification Miscellaneous horticultural cropsMiscellaneous horticultural crops Drugs Caffeine = from coffee beans = seeds (Coffea arabica)Caffeine = from coffee beans = seeds (Coffea arabica) St. Johns Wort = anti-depressant (Hypericum kalmianum)St. Johns Wort = anti-depressant (Hypericum kalmianum) Ginkgo = memory enhancer(Ginkgo biloba)Ginkgo = memory enhancer (Ginkgo biloba) Echinacea = reduced symptoms of the common cold (Echinacea purpurea = coneflower)Echinacea = reduced symptoms of the common cold (Echinacea purpurea = coneflower) Ginseng = stimulant, multi-purpose (Panax ginseng = Korean and Panax quinquefolius = American)Ginseng = stimulant, multi-purpose (Panax ginseng = Korean and Panax quinquefolius = American) Slide 24 Coffee Slide 25 St. Johns Wort http://www.hypericum.com/ 0.3% hypericin