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  • http://www.cbsnews.com/video/watc h/?id=1501061n
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  • Terrorism is use of violence by individuals and groups to advance political goals Violent acts Create fear Unlawful violence and war Hurting the innocent Overthrow government http://www.history.com/videos/c ollapse-of-the-north-tower
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  • Arab-Israeli conflict Radical Muslim organizations say Islam justifies terrorist attacks against innocent civilians Actions are opposing to Islamic law
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  • 1980s Islamic groups used terrorist tactics against Israel & Western nations Destroy Israel and some Western influence State-sponsored terrorism government group that funds/aids terrorist groups
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  • Hamas, Hezbollah and al Qaeda Hamas seek to destroy Israel and create independent Palestinian state Founded in 1987- liberate Palestine from Israel Governs the Gaza Strip Suicide bombings a terrorist bombing carried out by someone who does not hope to survive it.
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  • Hezbollah supported by Iran Formed after 1982 Israeli invasion of Lebanon Primary goal= destruction of Israel Some nations see as legitimate resistance movement against Israel 2006- fired rockets into Israel, month long conflict http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VzK XywUSr6I
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  • Weapons of mass destruction (WMD) weapons including chemical, biological, and nuclear weapons Terrorists may use these weapons to advantage
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  • 2/3 worlds known oil reserves located in Middle East Great source of wealth for Saudi Arabia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) attempts to regulate production of oil exports to maximize revenues
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  • Positive- Oil reserves promote industrialization, economic development, social programs Negative- Govts use to build military, maintain power, threaten neighbors
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  • Islamic fundamentalism- a movement to reorder govt and society according to Islamic laws Strayed away from path of true Islam, too Western Islamic extremists use violence bring back changes they want
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  • Israel established in 1948, Middle Eastern countries not recognize exist Wars between Israel and neighbors