38
11 I WORLD TRADE DEVELOPMENTS The value of world merchandise exports increased by 20 per cent in 2011 while exports of commercial services grew by 11 per cent. I. World trade developments Key developments in 2011: a snapshot Trade data List of tables 19 1. Overview 21 2. Trade by region 22 3. Leading traders 26 4. Bilateral trade of leading traders 30 5. Regional trade agreements 37 6. Least-developed countries 41 7. Foreign affiliates statistics 46 12 19 Where to find more online: you can access and download the Excel files for the tables via www.wto.org/statistics World Trade Organization International Trade Statistics 2012

I. World trade developments - World Trade Organization · I WORLD TRADE DEVELOPMENTS The value of world merchandise ... India proved more resilient to the global crisis than exports

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Page 1: I. World trade developments - World Trade Organization · I WORLD TRADE DEVELOPMENTS The value of world merchandise ... India proved more resilient to the global crisis than exports

11World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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The value of world merchandise exports increased by 20 per cent in 2011 while exports of commercial services grew by 11 per cent

I World trade developments

Key developments in 2011 a snapshot

Trade dataList of tables 19

1 Overview 21

2 Trade by region 22

3 Leading traders 26

4 Bilateral trade of leading traders 30

5 Regional trade agreements 37

6 Least-developed countries 41

7 Foreign affiliates statistics 46

12

19

Where to find more onlineyou can access and download the Excel files for the tables via wwwwtoorgstatistics

World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

12 World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

Download the datawwwwtoorgstatistics

Merchandise exports by region and destination 2011 (US$ billion)

Merchandise trade fl ows within regions outperform fl ows between regions

Africa

77

146

2

19205

21

102

Central amp South America amp the

Caribbean

21

169

8

200

138

18

140

Europe

199639

234

119

4667

194480

North America

37

476

15

201

38263

1103

of total world exports are from North America and Europe

of Central and South America exports sent to North America in 2011 5024

Where to fi nd moreTables I4 and A10

13World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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bull Trade within regions remains strong in North America Europe and Asia Europe has the highest level of intra-regional trade with 71 per cent of its exports remaining within Europe in 2011 A total of 53 per cent of Asian trade is exported to Asian countries while nearly 48 per cent of North Americarsquos exports are to members of the North American Free Trade Agreement

bull In South and Central America 27 per cent of exports went to other countries in the region in 2011 In the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) Africa and the Middle East the totals were 20 per cent 13 per cent and 9 per cent respectively

bull Africarsquos main destination market for export is the European Union followed by Asia and North America A little over half of CIS exports go to Europe and the Middle Eastrsquos main market is still Asia Less than a quarter of South and Central Americarsquos total exports go to North America and 22 per cent go to Asia

Asia

152

2926

110189

922

242

906

Commonwealth of Independent States

12 117

154

11409

2434

Middle East

38

660610

158

110

107

Africa

Asia

Commonwealth of Independent States

Central amp South America amp the Caribbean

Europe

Middle East

North America

All fi gures are in US$ billion

of Middle East products were exported to Asia in 201153

14 World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Moderate recovery for merchandise exports in 2011bull World merchandise exports increased by 5 per cent in volume terms in

2011 World gross domestic product (GDP) expanded by 24 per cent

bull Since 2005 world merchandise trade has grown by 37 per cent annually while GDP has risen by 23 per cent

bull Some of the growth in merchandise trade is due to trade in intermediate products that criss-cross national borders before being processed into fi nal products

Volume of world merchandise exports and gross domestic product 2005-2011

Where to fi nd moreTable I2

25

41

23

13

2005-11

2005

2006

2007

2008

2010

2011

2009

49

86

23

VOLUME OF TOTAL EXPORTS GDP

ANNUAL PERCENTAGE CHANGE ()

10 1550-5-10-15

37

5 World merchandise

import volumes grew by 5 in 2011

6 Asiarsquos merchandise

export volumes grew by 6 in 2011

34

65

39

65

38

-26

140

-121

WTO-OMC

WTO
File Attachment
Volume of world merchandise exports and gross domestic product 2005-2011

15World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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US$ 1480 bnExports

US$ 2266 bnImports

40 Germanyrsquos trade

surplus is 40 higher than Chinarsquos

bull The United States remains the worldrsquos biggest trader in merchandise with imports and exports totalling US$ 3746 billion in 2011 Its trade defi cit amounted to US$ 785 billion 52 per cent of its GDP

bull China and Germany rank second and third respectively in merchandise trade Their trade surpluses were US$ 155 billion and US$ 218 billion respectively in 2011 21 per cent and 61 per cent of their GDP

bull In contrast to 2010 Japan incurred a trade defi cit in 2011 amounting to US$ 32 billion With imports and exports totalling US$ 1678 billion it remains the fourth-largest trader in the world

US remains the leading merchandise trader

Where to fi nd moreTables A6 and A7

Leading economies of merchandise trade 2011

IMPORTS US$ BILLION

EXPORTS US$ BILLION

The United States was the worldrsquos

biggest merchandise trader in 2011

0

0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000 2200

300

700

1100

1500

1900

2300

2700

China

United States

GermanyJapan

Netherlands

France

WTO-OMC

WTO
File Attachment
Leading economies of merchandise trade 2011

16 World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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0 rise in Africarsquos

exports of commercial services in 2011

11 growth in exports

of world commercial services in 2011

bull The value of world exports of commercial services rose by 11 per cent in 2011 to US$ 4170 billion exceeding pre-crisis levels of US$ 3850 in 2008

bull Europe showed signs of recovery with annual growth of 11 per cent in 2011 In contrast Asian economies saw their growth rate halved compared with 2010 mainly due to slower growth in transportation services and other commercial services

bull North Americarsquos exports of commercial services expanded by 9 per cent in 2011 the same as in 2010 while in Africa exports stagnated following the ldquoArab Springrdquo uprising that began at the end of 2010 The CIS was the most dynamic region with exports of commercial services increasing by 19 per cent followed by South and Central America with 13 per cent

World exports of commercial services up by 11 in 2011

Where to fi nd moreTable I3

Commercial services exports 2010-2011

12

0

9

11

23

4

9

10

11

11

19

Africa

North America

Middle East

Asia

Europe

C and S America and

the Caribbean

CIS

World

2010 2011

ANNUAL PERCENTAGE CHANGE ()

13

15

10

11

13

10 15 20 2550-5

WTO-COM

WTO
File Attachment
Commercial services exports 2010-2011

17World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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US$ 976 bnUnited States

US$ 542 bnGermany

US$ 444 bnUnited Kingdom

Largest traders in commercial services

bull The United States remained the worldrsquos largest trader of commercial services in 2011 with US$ 976 billion of trade making a surplus of US$ 186 billion The United Kingdom which ranked third with US$ 444 billion recorded also a surplus of US$ 103 billion Both the United States and the United Kingdom have recorded a surplus in services every year since the 1980s

bull Germany the second-largest services trader with US$ 542 billion of trade recorded a defi cit of US$ 36 billion in 2011

bull Among the leading emerging economies China remained a net services importer in 2011 while India registered a positive balance with the value of exports exceeding imports

US remains the leading commercial services trader

Leading traders in commercial services 2011

Where to fi nd moreTable I9

289253

170 274

103

237182

143167

23

166

118

142

-23

15

13124 137

-5

114105

IMPORTS BALANCE

US$ BILLION

Germany

Netherlands

India

Japan

France

China

United Kingdom

United States

Italy

Ireland

EXPORTS

-36

-54

134

-9

100 200 300 400 500 6000-100

186395

581

109114

WTO-COM

_x0007_Exports58086382525338115727373297918243306716661184514248186513655346713352496310939800210518396700395267744289091289170426395236530995143474724165810682123723469118174129114335759113987159_x0001_0_x0007_Exports580863825253381157273732979182433067166611845142481865136553467133524963109398002105183967_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_00000395267744289091289170426395236530995143474724165810682123723469118174129114335759113987159000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000
WTO
File Attachment
Leading traders in commercial services 2011

18 World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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34 in India

25 in China

Growth of US services supply through

affi liates in 2009

bull Services supplied by US majority-owned foreign affi liates to China and India proved more resilient to the global crisis than exports of cross-border services

bull In 2009 US exports of commercial services to India decreased by 4 per cent However services supplied to India through commercial presence (ie through US majority-owned foreign affi liates established in India) rose by 34 per cent Similarly in China services supplied by US majority-owned foreign affi liates grew by 25 per cent while exports of commercial services grew by only 2 per cent

bull In contrast services supplied through US majority-owned foreign affi liates to Europe and North America declined following the same pattern as cross-border exports

US service supply through affi liates to emerging economies on the rise

Where to fi nd moreTables I15 and I26

US services supplied to China and India 2004-09

25

20

15

10

5

0

2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009

US$ BILLION

BOP Exports of commercial services as measured in the balance of payments (modes 1 2 and 4)

FATS Outward foreign affi liates statistics (mode 3)

INDIA (FATS)CHINA (BOP)CHINA (FATS) INDIA (BOP)

WTO-OMC

WTO
File Attachment
US services supplied to China and India 2004-09

19World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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List of tables

I World trade developments 1 Overview

Table I1 Growth in the volume of world merchandise exports and production 2005-2011 21

Table I2 Growth in the volume of world merchandise trade by selected region and economy 2005-2011 21

2 Trade by region

Table I3 World merchandise trade and trade in commercial services by region and selected economy 2005-2011 22

Table I4 Intra- and inter-regional merchandise trade 2011 23

Table I5 World merchandise exports by region and selected economy 1948 1953 1963 1973 1983 1993 2003 and 2011 24

Table I6 World merchandise imports by region and selected economy 1948 1953 1963 1973 1983 1993 2003 and 2011 25

3 Leading traders

Table I7 Leading exporters and importers in world merchandise trade 2011 26

Table I8 Leading exporters and importers in world merchandise trade (excluding intra-EU (27) trade) 2011 27

Table I9 Leading exporters and importers in world trade in commercial services 2011 28

Table I10 Leading exporters and importers in world trade in commercial services (excluding intra-EU (27) trade) 2011 29

4 Bilateral trade of leading traders

Table I11 Merchandise trade of Canada by origin and destination 2011 30

Table I12 Merchandise trade of the United States by origin and destination 2011 31

Table I13 Merchandise trade of the European Union (27) by origin and destination 2011 32

Table I14 Merchandise trade of Japan by origin and destination 2011 33

Table I15 Trade in commercial services of selected economies by origin and destination 2010 34

5 Regional trade agreements

Table I16 Merchandise trade of NAFTA countries by major product group and by origindestination 2011 37

Table I17 Merchandise trade of MERCOSUR countries by major product group and by origindestination 2011 38

Table I18 Merchandise trade of Andean Community countries by major product group and by origindestination 2011 39

Table I19 Merchandise trade of ASEAN countries by major product group and by origindestination 2011 40

6 Least-developed countries

Table I20 Ratio of exports of goods and commercial services to GDP of the least-developed countries 2010 41

Table I21 Merchandise exports and imports of least-developed countries 2011 42

Table I22 Imports of agricultural products fuels and manufactures of the European Union (27) Asia and North America from the least-developed countries 2011 44

20 World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Table I23 Exports of commercial services of the least-developed countries by category 2010 45

7 Foreign affiliates statistics

Table I24 Sales by affiliates of foreign companies - resident affiliates primarily engaged in services activities (inward FATS) 2006-2009 46

Table I25 Sales by foreign affiliates of resident companies - affiliates located abroad primarily engaged in services activities (outward FATS) 2006-2009 47

Table I26 Services supplied by United States affiliates established abroad (outward FATS) and by foreign affiliates in the United States (inward FATS) by economy of affiliate 2009 48

21World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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1 Overview

Table I1

(Annual percentage change)

2005-11 2009 2010 2011

World merchandise exports 35 -120 140 50Agricultural products 40 -20 80 40Fuels and mining products 15 -55 55 15Manufactures 45 -150 185 65

World merchandise production 20 -55 45 25Agriculture 20 05 00 20Mining 05 -15 20 15Manufacturing 20 -75 60 30

World GDP 20 -25 40 25

Growth in the volume of world merchandise exports and production 2005-2011

Note See the Metadata for the estimation of world aggregates of merchandise exports production and GDP

Table I2

(Annual percentage change)

2005-11 2010 2011 2005-11 2010 2011

35 140 50 World 35 140 50

30 150 60 North America 10 155 45-20 85 30 Canada 30 145 8535 215 45 Mexico 00 235 6545 155 70 United States 05 150 40

20 50 60 South and Central America 100 230 120

20 110 50 Europe 15 100 2520 115 50 European Union (27) 10 95 20

-20 -25 -45 Norway 35 90 5030 90 85 Switzerland 25 95 25

30 60 20 Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 90 190 165

75 230 65 Asia 60 180 6530 125 05 Australia 55 100 70

120 285 95 China 115 220 95-55 -165 70 Hong Kong China 55 175 70125 255 155 India 140 225 9530 275 -05 Japan 05 100 2065 190 65 Six East Asian traders a 35 190 35

Growth in the volume of world merchandise trade by selected region and economy 2005-2011

a Hong Kong China Malaysia Republic of Korea Singapore Separate Customs Territory of Taiwan Penghu Kinmen and Matsu (Taipei Chinese) and Thailand

Imports Exports

22 World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Exports Imports

2005-11 2010 2011 2005-11 2010 2011

Merchandise10 22 20 World 9 21 198 23 16 North America 5 23 159 21 16 United States 5 23 154 23 17 Canada 6 22 15

13 25 27 South and Central America 16 30 2514 32 27 Brazil 20 43 2413 22 23 Argentina 17 46 317 12 17 Europe 7 13 177 12 17 European Union (27) 7 13 17

10 13 20 Switzerland 9 13 1815 31 34 Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 17 25 3014 32 30 Russian Federation 17 30 3012 29 33 Ukraine 15 34 3611 29 17 Africa 14 15 2011 31 20 South Africa 12 27 2915 48 38 Nigeria a 18 30 2415 27 37 Middle East 13 14 1812 31 45 Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 14 12 2316 19 30 United Arab Emirates a 16 10 2412 31 18 Asia 13 33 2316 31 20 China 18 39 256 33 7 Japan 9 26 23

Commercial services9 10 11 World 9 10 118 9 9 North America 6 8 88 8 9 United States 6 6 75 15 11 Canada 7 15 11

11 15 13 South and Central America 15 23 1816 15 21 Brazil 22 36 2214 19 8 Argentina 14 16 177 4 11 Europe 6 3 97 4 11 European Union (27) 6 2 9

12 10 15 Switzerland 11 4 1915 13 19 Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 14 18 1914 8 20 Russian Federation 15 21 2313 24 14 Ukraine 12 10 157 12 0 Africa 14 11 125 17 6 South Africa 8 25 75 11 -19 Egypt 5 2 0

hellip 11 10 Middle East hellip 12 15hellip 10 7 Saudi Arabia Kingdom of hellip 8 819 16 9 United Arab Emirates 17 12 1812 23 11 Asia 11 21 1416 32 7 China 19 22 236 10 3 Japan 5 6 7

a Secretariat estimates

World merchandise trade and trade in commercial services by region and selected economy 2005-2011

Table I3

(Annual percentage change)

2 Trade by region

23World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Table I4

(Billion dollars and percentage)

OriginNorth

America

South and Central America Europe CIS Africa Middle East Asia World

Value

World 2923 749 6881 530 538 672 5133 17816North America 1103 201 382 15 37 63 476 2282South and Central America 181 200 138 8 21 18 169 750Europe 480 119 4667 234 199 194 639 6612Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 43 11 409 154 12 24 117 789Africa 102 19 205 2 77 21 146 594Middle East 107 10 158 6 38 110 660 1251Asia 906 189 922 110 152 242 2926 5538

Share of regional trade flows in each regions total merchandise exports

World 164 42 386 30 30 38 288 1000North America 483 88 167 07 16 28 209 1000South and Central America 242 267 183 11 28 24 225 1000Europe 73 18 706 35 30 29 97 1000Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 55 14 518 195 16 30 148 1000Africa 171 33 345 03 130 36 245 1000Middle East 86 08 126 05 30 88 528 1000Asia 164 34 167 20 28 44 528 1000

Share of each regions exports in world merchandise exports to the region

World 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000North America 377 269 56 29 70 93 93 128South and Central America 62 268 20 16 40 27 33 42Europe 164 159 678 442 371 289 124 371Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 15 14 59 291 23 35 23 44Africa 35 26 30 03 143 32 28 33Middle East 37 13 23 11 70 164 129 70Asia 310 252 134 208 283 360 570 311

Share of regional trade flows in world merchandise exports

World 164 42 386 30 30 38 288 1000North America 62 11 21 01 02 04 27 128South and Central America 10 11 08 00 01 01 09 42Europe 27 07 262 13 11 11 36 371Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 02 01 23 09 01 01 07 44Africa 06 01 12 00 04 01 08 33Middle East 06 01 09 00 02 06 37 70Asia 51 11 52 06 09 14 164 311

Intra- and inter-regional merchandise trade 2011

Destination

24 World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Table I5

1948 1953 1963 1973 1983 1993 2003 2011

Value

World 59 84 157 579 1838 3676 7377 17816 Share

World 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000

North America 281 248 199 173 168 180 158 128United States 217 188 149 123 112 126 98 83Canada 55 52 43 46 42 39 37 25Mexico 09 07 06 04 14 14 22 20

South and Central America 113 97 64 43 44 30 30 42Brazil 20 18 09 11 12 10 10 14Argentina 28 13 09 06 04 04 04 05

Europe 351 394 478 509 435 454 459 371Germany a 14 53 93 117 92 103 102 83France 34 48 52 63 52 60 53 33Italy 18 18 32 38 40 46 41 29United Kingdom 113 90 78 51 50 49 41 27

Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) b - - - - - 15 26 44Africa 73 65 57 48 45 25 24 33

South Africa c 20 16 15 10 10 07 05 05

Middle East 20 27 32 41 68 35 41 70Asia 140 134 125 149 191 261 262 311

China 09 12 13 10 12 25 59 107Japan 04 15 35 64 80 99 64 46India 22 13 10 05 05 06 08 17Australia and New Zealand 37 32 24 21 14 14 12 17Six East Asian Traders 34 30 25 36 58 97 96 98

Memorandum item EU d - - 245 370 313 374 423 339USSR Former 22 35 46 37 50 - - -GATTWTO Members e 634 696 750 841 784 893 943 938

Note Between 1973 and 1983 and between 1993 and 2003 export shares were significantly influenced by oil price developments

World merchandise exports by region and selected economy 1948 1953 1963 1973 1983 1993 2003 and 2011

b Figures are significantly affected by including the mutual trade flows of the Baltic States and the CIS between 1993 and 2003c Beginning with 1998 figures refer to South Africa only and no longer to the Southern African Customs Union

e Membership as of the year stated

a Figures refer to the Fed Rep of Germany from 1948 through 1983

(Billion dollars and percentage)

d Figures refer to the EEC(6) in 1963 EC(9) in 1973 EC(10) in 1983 EU(12) in 1993 EU(25) in 2003 and EU(27) in 2011

25World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Table I6

1948 1953 1963 1973 1983 1993 2003 2011

Value

World 62 85 164 594 1882 3786 7695 15077 Share

World 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000

North America 185 205 161 172 185 214 224 171United States 130 139 114 123 143 159 169 125Canada 44 55 39 42 34 37 32 26Mexico 10 09 08 06 07 18 23 20

South and Central America 104 83 60 44 38 33 25 40Brazil 18 16 09 12 09 07 07 13Argentina 25 09 06 04 02 04 02 04

Europe 453 437 520 533 442 446 450 381Germany a 22 45 80 92 81 90 79 69France 55 49 53 64 56 57 52 40United Kingdom 134 110 85 65 53 55 52 35Italy 25 28 46 47 42 39 39 31

Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) b - - - - - 12 17 30Africa 81 70 52 39 46 26 22 31

South Africa c 25 15 11 09 08 05 05 07

Middle East 18 21 23 27 62 33 28 38Asia 139 151 141 149 185 237 235 309

China 06 16 09 09 11 27 54 97Japan 11 28 41 65 67 64 50 47India 23 14 15 05 07 06 09 26Australia and New Zealand 29 23 22 16 14 15 14 16Six East Asian Traders 35 37 32 39 61 103 86 95

Memorandum item EU d - - 255 371 314 353 413 346USSR Former 19 33 43 36 43 - - -GATTWTO Members e 586 669 753 855 813 887 948 959

Note Between 1973 and 1983 and between 1993 and 2003 import shares were significantly influenced by oil price developments

World merchandise imports by region and selected economy 1948 1953 1963 1973 1983 1993 2003 and 2011

b Figures are significantly affected by including the mutual trade flows of the Baltic States and the CIS between 1993 and 2003c Beginning with 1998 figures refer to South Africa only and no longer to the Southern African Customs Union

e Membership as of the year stated

a Figures refer to the Fed Rep of Germany from 1948 through 1983

(Billion dollars and percentage)

d Figures refer to the EEC(6) in 1963 EC(9) in 1973 EC(10) in 1983 EU(12) in 1993 EU(25) in 2003 and EU(27) in 2011

26 World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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3 Leading traders

Rank Exporters Value Share

Annual percentage

change Rank Importers Value Share

Annual percentage

change

1 China 1898 104 20 1 United States 2266 123 152 United States 1480 81 16 2 China 1743 95 253 Germany 1472 81 17 3 Germany 1254 68 194 Japan 823 45 7 4 Japan 855 46 235 Netherlands 661 36 15 5 France 714 39 176 France 596 33 14 6 United Kingdom 638 35 147 Korea Republic of 555 30 19 7 Netherlands 599 32 168 Italy 523 29 17 8 Italy 557 30 149 Russian Federation 522 29 30 9 Korea Republic of 524 28 2310 Belgium 477 26 17 10 Hong Kong China 511 28 16

retained imports 130 07 1611 United Kingdom 473 26 17 11 Canada a 463 25 1512 Hong Kong China 456 25 14 12 India 463 25 32

domestic exports 17 01 14 re-exports 439 24 14

13 Canada 452 25 17 13 Belgium 461 25 1714 Singapore 410 22 16 14 Spain 374 20 14

domestic exports 224 12 23 re-exports 186 10 10 15 Singapore 366 20 18

15 Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 365 20 45 retained imports 180 10 2716 Mexico 350 19 17 16 Mexico 361 20 1617 Spain 309 17 21 17 Russian Federation a 324 18 3018 Taipei Chinese 308 17 12 18 Taipei Chinese 281 15 1219 India 305 17 35 19 Australia 244 13 2120 United Arab Emirates b 285 16 30 20 Turkey 241 13 3021 Australia 270 15 27 21 Brazil 237 13 2422 Brazil 256 14 27 22 Thailand 228 12 2523 Switzerland 234 13 20 23 Switzerland 208 11 1824 Thailand 229 13 17 24 Poland 208 11 1725 Malaysia 227 12 14 25 United Arab Emirates b 205 11 2426 Indonesia 201 11 27 26 Austria 191 10 2027 Poland 187 10 17 27 Malaysia 188 10 1428 Sweden 187 10 18 28 Indonesia 177 10 3129 Austria 178 10 17 29 Sweden 176 10 1830 Czech Republic 162 09 22 30 Czech Republic 152 08 2031 Norway 159 09 22 31 Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 132 07 2332 Turkey 135 07 18 32 South Africa 122 07 2933 Iran b 132 07 30 33 Viet Nam 107 06 2634 Ireland 127 07 9 34 Hungary 103 06 1635 Nigeria b 116 06 38 35 Denmark 98 05 1536 Qatar 114 06 53 36 Norway 91 05 1737 Denmark 113 06 16 37 Finland 84 05 2238 Hungary 112 06 18 38 Ukraine 83 04 3639 Kuwait 104 06 54 39 Portugal 80 04 640 Viet Nam 97 05 34 40 Slovak Republic 77 04 1941 South Africa 97 05 20 41 Romania 76 04 2342 Venezuela Bolivarian Rep of 93 05 41 42 Israel 75 04 2343 Kazakhstan 88 05 47 43 Chile 75 04 2644 Argentina 84 05 23 44 Argentina 74 04 3145 Iraq b 83 05 59 45 Ireland 67 04 1046 Chile 81 04 15 46 Philippines 64 03 947 Slovak Republic 79 04 23 47 Iran 62 03 -448 Finland 79 04 13 48 Greece 61 03 -549 Algeria 73 04 29 49 Egypt 59 03 1150 Ukraine 68 04 33 50 Nigeria b 55 03 24

Total of above c 16887 925 - Total of above c 16851 914 - World c 18255 1000 20 World c 18438 1000 19

a Imports are valued fob b Secretariat estimates c Includes significant re-exports or imports for re-export Note For annual data 2000-2011 see Appendix A6 and A7

Table I7

Leading exporters and importers in world merchandise trade 2011

(Billion dollars and percentage)

27World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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(Billion dollars and percentage)

Rank Exporters Value Share

Annual percentage

change Rank Importers Value Share

Annual percentage

change

1 Extra-EU (27) exports 2133 149 19 1 Extra-EU (27) imports 2350 162 172 China 1898 132 20 2 United States 2266 156 153 United States 1480 103 16 3 China 1743 120 254 Japan 823 57 7 4 Japan 855 59 235 Korea Republic of 555 39 19 5 Korea Republic of 524 36 236 Russian Federation 522 36 30 6 Hong Kong China 511 35 167 Hong Kong China 456 32 14 retained imports 130 09 16

domestic exports 17 01 14 re-exports 439 31 14 7 Canada a 463 32 15

8 Canada 452 32 17 8 India 463 32 329 Singapore 410 29 16 9 Singapore 366 25 18

domestic exports 224 16 23 retained imports 180 12 27 Singapore re-exports 186 13 10

10 Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 365 25 45 10 Mexico 361 25 1611 Mexico 350 24 17 11 Russian Federation a 324 22 3012 Taipei Chinese 308 21 12 12 Taipei Chinese 281 19 1213 India 305 21 35 13 Australia 244 17 2114 United Arab Emirates b 285 20 30 14 Turkey 241 17 3015 Australia 270 19 27 15 Brazil 237 16 2416 Brazil 256 18 27 16 Thailand 228 16 2517 Switzerland 234 16 20 17 Switzerland 208 14 1818 Thailand 229 16 17 18 United Arab Emirates b 205 14 2419 Malaysia 227 16 14 19 Malaysia 188 13 1420 Indonesia 201 14 27 20 Indonesia 177 12 3121 Norway 159 11 22 21 Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 132 09 2322 Turkey 135 09 18 22 South Africa 122 08 2923 Iran b 132 09 30 23 Viet Nam 107 07 2624 Nigeria b 116 08 38 24 Norway 91 06 1725 Qatar 114 08 53 25 Ukraine 83 06 3626 Kuwait 104 07 54 26 Israel 75 05 2327 Viet Nam 97 07 34 27 Chile 75 05 2628 South Africa 97 07 20 28 Argentina 74 05 3129 Venezuela Bolivarian Rep of 93 06 41 29 Philippines 64 04 930 Kazakhstan 88 06 47 30 Iran 62 04 -431 Argentina 84 06 23 31 Egypt 59 04 1132 Iraq b 83 06 59 32 Nigeria b 55 04 2433 Chile 81 06 15 33 Colombia 55 04 3434 Algeria 73 05 29 34 Iraq b 54 04 2335 Ukraine 68 05 33 35 Venezuela Bolivarian Rep of b 48 03 2036 Israel 68 05 16 36 Algeria 47 03 1737 Angola b 66 05 29 37 Belarus 46 03 3138 Colombia 57 04 43 38 Morocco 44 03 2539 Philippines 48 03 -6 39 Pakistan 44 03 1640 Oman 47 03 29 40 Peru 38 03 2641 Peru 46 03 30 41 Kazakhstan 38 03 2242 Belarus 40 03 59 42 Bangladesh 36 02 3043 New Zealand 38 03 20 43 Qatar b 30 02 2944 Azerbaijan 34 02 30 44 Kuwait 25 02 1345 Egypt 31 02 15 45 Ecuador 24 02 1846 Pakistan 25 02 18 46 Tunisia 24 02 847 Bangladesh 24 02 27 47 Oman b 24 02 1948 Ecuador 22 02 28 48 Croatia 23 02 1349 Morocco 22 02 21 49 Angola a b 22 02 3250 Bahrain Kingdom of 20 01 31 50 Panama 22 02 30

Total of above c 13871 967 - Total of above c 13876 955 -

World (excl intra-EU (27)) c 14349 1000 21 World (excl intra-EU (27)) c 14532 1000 20

a Imports are valued fob b Secretariat estimates c Includes significant re-exports or imports for re-export Note For annual data 2000-2011 see Appendix A6 and A7

Table I8

Leading exporters and importers in world merchandise trade (excluding intra-EU (27) trade) 2011

28 World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Rank Exporters Value Share

Annual percentage

change Rank Importers Value Share

Annual percentage

change

1 United States 581 139 9 1 United States 395 100 72 United Kingdom 274 66 11 2 Germany 289 73 103 Germany 253 61 9 3 China 237 60 234 China 182 44 7 4 United Kingdom 170 43 65 France 167 40 15 5 Japan 166 42 76 Japan 142 34 3 6 France 143 36 97 Spain 140 34 14 7 India 124 31 78 India 137 33 11 8 Netherlands 118 30 129 Netherlands 134 32 16 9 Ireland 114 29 710 Singapore 129 31 15 10 Italy 114 29 511 Hong Kong China 121 29 14 11 Singapore 114 29 1812 Ireland 109 26 12 12 Canada 100 25 1113 Italy 105 25 8 13 Korea Republic of 98 25 314 Switzerland 94 23 15 14 Spain 93 24 815 Korea Republic of 94 23 9 15 Russian Federation 88 22 2316 Belgium 87 21 2 16 Belgium 85 21 817 Sweden 76 18 16 17 Brazil 73 18 2218 Canada 75 18 11 18 Australia 60 15 1919 Luxembourg 72 17 9 19 Denmark 56 14 1120 Denmark 65 16 9 20 Hong Kong China 56 14 1021 Austria 61 15 13 21 Sweden 56 14 1622 Russian Federation 53 13 20 22 Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 55 14 823 Australia 51 12 8 23 Thailand 51 13 1424 Taipei Chinese 46 11 15 24 United Arab Emirates 49 12 1825 Norway 42 10 6 25 Switzerland 47 12 1926 Thailand 41 10 20 26 Norway 45 11 627 Macao China 40 09 38 27 Austria 42 11 1428 Greece 38 09 2 28 Taipei Chinese 41 10 1129 Turkey 38 09 11 29 Luxembourg 41 10 1230 Poland 37 09 13 30 Malaysia 37 09 1731 Brazil 37 09 21 31 Indonesia 32 08 2432 Malaysia 35 08 7 32 Poland 31 08 433 Finland 27 07 -1 33 Finland 26 07 -534 Israel 27 06 11 34 Mexico 25 06 1535 Portugal 26 06 14 35 Iran a 25 06 36 Czech Republic 23 06 10 36 Nigeria 22 06 1337 Hungary 22 05 12 37 Angola a 20 05 38 Indonesia 20 05 23 38 Turkey 20 05 839 Egypt 19 05 -19 39 Israel 20 05 1040 Ukraine 19 05 14 40 South Africa 19 05 7

Total of above 3740 897 - Total of above 3395 859 -World 4170 1000 11 World 3955 1000 11

Leading exporters and importers in world trade in commercial services 2011

Note Figures for a number of countries and territories have been estimated by the Secretariat Annual percentage changes and rankings are affected by continuity breaks in the series for a large number of economies and by limitations in cross-country comparability See the Metadata For annual data 2001-2011 see Appendix Tables A8 and A9

a Secretariat estimate

Table I9

(Billion dollars and percentage)

29World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Annual percentage

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Annual percentage

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1 Extra-EU (27) exports 784 247 11 1 Extra-EU (27) imports 644 211 92 United States 581 183 9 2 United States 395 129 73 China 182 58 7 3 China 237 77 234 Japan 142 45 3 4 Japan 166 54 75 India 137 43 11 5 India 124 41 76 Singapore 129 41 15 6 Singapore 114 37 187 Hong Kong China 121 38 14 7 Canada 100 33 118 Switzerland 94 30 15 8 Korea Republic of 98 32 39 Korea Republic of 94 30 9 9 Russian Federation 88 29 23

10 Canada 75 23 11 10 Brazil 73 24 2211 Russian Federation 53 17 20 11 Australia 60 19 1912 Australia 51 16 8 12 Hong Kong China 56 18 1013 Taipei Chinese 46 15 15 13 Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 55 18 814 Norway 42 13 6 14 Thailand 51 17 1415 Thailand 41 13 20 15 United Arab Emirates 49 16 1816 Macao China 40 12 38 16 Switzerland 47 15 1917 Turkey 38 12 11 17 Norway 45 15 618 Brazil 37 12 21 18 Taipei Chinese 41 14 1119 Malaysia 35 11 7 19 Malaysia 37 12 1720 Israel 27 08 11 20 Indonesia 32 10 2421 Indonesia 20 06 23 21 Mexico 25 08 1522 Egypt 19 06 -19 22 Iran a 25 08 23 Ukraine 19 06 14 23 Nigeria 22 07 1324 Lebanon a 18 06 24 Angola a 20 07 25 Philippines 15 05 10 25 Turkey 20 06 826 Mexico 15 05 1 26 Israel 20 06 1027 South Africa 14 05 6 27 South Africa 19 06 728 Argentina 14 04 8 28 Kuwait 16 05 1529 Morocco 14 04 12 29 Argentina 16 05 1730 Croatia 12 04 10 30 Qatar 16 05 10331 Chile 12 04 14 31 Lebanon a 15 05 32 United Arab Emirates 12 04 9 32 Ukraine 14 05 1533 Cuba a 12 04 33 Chile 14 04 1834 Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 11 04 7 34 Egypt 13 04 035 New Zealand 10 03 11 35 Venezuela Bolivarian Rep of 12 04 1336 Kuwait 10 03 9 36 Viet Nam 12 04 2037 Iran a 9 03 37 Philippines 12 04 438 Viet Nam 9 03 19 38 Algeria 11 04 -439 Syrian Arab Republic a 8 02 39 New Zealand 11 04 1740 Panama 7 02 18 40 Kazakhstan 11 04 -3

Total of above 3010 949 - Total of above 2835 928 -World (excl intra-EU (27)) 3170 1000 11 World (excl intra-EU (27)) 3055 1000 12

Leading exporters and importers in world trade in commercial services (excluding intra-EU (27) trade) 2011

Note Figures for a number of countries and territories have been estimated by the Secretariat Annual percentage changes and rankings are affected by continuity breaks in the series for a large number of economies and by limitations in cross-country comparability See the Metadata For annual data 2001-2011 see Appendix Tables A8 and A9

a Secretariat estimate

Table I10

(Billion dollars and percentage)

30 World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Table I11

(Million dollars and percentage)

Destination Value Origin Value

2011 2005 2011 2010 2011 2011 2005 2011 2010 2011

Region Region

World 452440 1000 1000 23 17 World 462635 1000 1000 22 59North America 337369 846 746 22 15 North America 258684 613 559 23 13Asia 49391 65 109 23 29 Asia 93656 173 202 22 12Europe 45888 65 101 29 19 Europe 63084 140 136 13 16South and Central America 8628 11 19 37 19 South and Central America 19220 31 42 36 20Middle East 3664 05 08 -18 10 Africa 14905 18 32 42 51Africa 3524 05 08 12 7 Middle East 7970 10 17 43 50CIS 1916 02 04 33 25 CIS 5117 06 11 12 7

Economy Economy

United States 331738 839 733 22 15 United States 223133 551 482 20 13European Union (27) 40312 57 89 28 21 European Union (27) 52591 118 114 17 13China 16957 17 37 31 32 China 48657 76 105 24 13Japan 10776 21 24 22 21 Mexico 24807 37 54 48 16Mexico 5530 08 12 15 14 Japan 13193 38 29 20 1

Above 5 405312 942 896 - - Above 5 362382 819 783 - -Korea Republic of 5135 06 11 16 43 Korea Republic of 6674 14 14 14 12Hong Kong China 2990 03 07 39 64 Algeria 5543 11 12 5 59Brazil 2869 03 06 77 15 Taipei Chinese 4983 10 11 31 29Norway 2845 04 06 58 16 Peru 4455 03 10 40 26India 2645 02 06 6 32 Norway 4389 16 09 -12 59Australia 1917 04 04 9 13 Canada b 3973 09 09 31 4Taipei Chinese 1764 03 04 29 41 Brazil 3919 08 08 41 23Indonesia 1661 02 04 21 61 Switzerland 3196 05 07 -6 12Russian Federation 1512 01 03 48 31 Kazakhstan 2885 00 06 49 30United Arab Emirates 1372 01 03 -3 24 Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 2774 04 06 46 41Turkey 1284 01 03 4 57 Thailand 2703 05 06 16 16Switzerland 1151 02 03 43 -23 India 2561 05 06 17 24Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 868 01 02 -7 -9 Nigeria 2518 00 05 302 55Thailand 847 01 02 27 34 Iraq 2490 03 05 65 34Chile 827 01 02 1 45 Angola 2470 01 05 31 57Singapore 812 01 02 -15 0 Argentina 2385 01 05 145 58Malaysia 769 01 02 10 1 Malaysia 2162 07 05 9 -3Colombia 768 01 02 20 23 Chile 1931 04 04 19 6Egypt 718 01 02 9 18 Australia 1786 04 04 10 14Pakistan 696 01 02 48 31 Singapore 1572 02 03 9 42South Africa 690 01 02 16 51 Indonesia 1444 02 03 38 18Bolivarian Rep of Venezuela 613 02 01 2 13 Viet Nam 1346 01 03 23 18Bangladesh 557 00 01 5 -4 Russian Federation 1299 04 03 18 -19Philippines 545 01 01 42 -16 Turkey 1134 02 02 25 64Peru 521 01 01 23 13 Bangladesh 1072 01 02 14 32Argentina 500 00 01 80 81 Israel 993 02 02 17 2Cuba 467 01 01 36 23 South Africa 934 02 02 25 34Israel 401 01 01 22 7 Philippines 925 02 02 33 7New Zealand 385 01 01 18 23 United Arab Emirates 910 00 02 -13 hellipTrinidad and Tobago 345 00 01 25 19 Colombia 808 01 02 8 16Viet Nam 339 00 01 33 32 Bolivarian Rep of Venezuela 741 05 02 -6 -3Sri Lanka 306 00 01 15 -10 Cuba 710 01 02 44 12Morocco 303 00 01 -45 67 Cocircte dIvoire 636 00 01 108 56Ecuador 284 00 01 8 11 Equatorial Guinea 636 01 01 113 -2Ghana 269 00 01 25 55 New Zealand 556 01 01 9 28

Above 40 445288 993 984 - - Above 40 441894 961 955 - -

b In 2011 Canada reported imports from Canada accounting for nearly 1 percent of its total merchandise importsa Imports are valued fob

Merchandise trade of Canada by origin and destination 2011

Annual percentage

change

Annual percentage

change Share Share

Exports Imports a

4 Bilateral trade of leading traders

31World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Table I12

(Million dollars and percentage)

Destination Value Origin Value

2011 2005 2011 2010 2011 2011 2005 2011 2010 2011

Region Region World 1480432 1000 1000 21 16 World 2265894 1000 1000 23 15North America 479841 367 324 24 16 Asia 841716 368 371 23 10Asia 412148 268 278 28 13 North America 585684 268 258 26 14Europe 315721 227 213 11 14 Europe 416485 200 184 14 16South and Central America 166285 79 112 27 21 South and Central America 178846 75 79 20 31Middle East 58356 35 39 9 20 Middle East 106282 38 47 26 38Africa 33204 17 22 16 16 Africa 94857 39 42 35 8CIS 12908 06 09 14 40 CIS 42025 11 19 34 30

Economy Economy Canada 280710 234 190 21 13 China 417303 150 184 24 9European Union (27) 269137 207 182 9 12 European Union (27) 375512 184 166 14 15Mexico 197544 133 133 27 21 Canada 319101 168 141 23 14China 103878 46 70 32 13 Mexico 265347 100 117 30 14Japan 66160 61 45 18 9 Japan 132442 82 58 26 7

Above 5 917429 681 620 - - Above 5 1509705 684 666 - -Korea Republic of 43505 31 29 36 12 Korea Republic of 58580 26 26 25 16Brazil 42943 17 29 35 21 Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 48760 17 22 40 49Hong Kong China 36489 18 25 26 37 Bolivarian Rep of Venezuela 43863 20 19 16 31Singapore 31374 23 21 31 8 Taipei Chinese 42651 21 19 27 15Australia 27512 17 19 11 26 India 37468 11 17 39 22Taipei Chinese 25896 24 17 41 -1 Russian Federation 35511 09 16 40 34Switzerland 24446 12 17 18 18 Nigeria 34348 14 15 59 10India 21628 09 15 17 13 Brazil 32472 15 14 19 30United Arab Emirates 15886 09 11 -4 37 Malaysia 26485 20 12 11 -1Chile 15873 06 11 16 46 Thailand 25746 12 11 19 9Turkey 14632 05 10 49 39 Switzerland 24868 08 11 20 28Colombia 14315 06 10 27 19 Colombia 23721 05 10 37 46Malaysia 14217 12 10 34 2 Israel 23250 10 10 12 10Israel 13956 11 09 18 24 Indonesia 19992 07 09 27 15Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 13820 08 09 7 19 Singapore 19363 09 09 12 9Bolivarian Rep of Venezuela 12351 07 08 14 16 Viet Nam 18454 04 08 22 16Thailand 10927 08 07 30 22 Iraq 17365 06 08 30 38Argentina 9878 05 07 33 33 Algeria 14913 06 07 34 0Peru 8319 03 06 37 23 Angola 13833 05 06 27 13Russian Federation 8285 04 06 11 39 Costa Rica 10370 02 05 54 16Panama 8248 02 06 39 36 Australia 10361 04 05 7 18Philippines 7706 08 05 28 4 Ecuador 10034 04 04 40 28Indonesia 7415 03 05 36 7 Chile 9728 04 04 16 27Dominican Republic 7346 05 05 24 12 South Africa 9648 03 04 40 16South Africa 7294 04 05 26 30 Philippines 9480 06 04 18 14Guatemala 6205 03 04 14 39 Norway 8563 04 04 22 19Egypt 6183 04 04 30 -10 Trinidad and Tobago 8513 05 04 25 21Honduras 6139 04 04 36 33 Kuwait 8010 03 04 41 43Costa Rica 6118 04 04 10 18 Peru 6537 03 03 21 22Ecuador 6040 02 04 39 11 Turkey 5463 03 02 15 24Nigeria 4815 02 03 10 19 Bangladesh 5082 02 02 17 12Viet Nam 4341 01 03 19 17 Argentina 4732 03 02 -3 18Norway 3632 02 02 13 17 Honduras 4692 02 02 18 14New Zealand 3497 03 02 31 24 Gabon 4659 02 02 77 105Bahamas 3418 02 02 31 6 Hong Kong China 4412 05 02 21 -1

Above 40 1412078 964 954 - - Above 40 2191633 967 967 - -

Annual percentage

change

Merchandise trade of the United States by origin and destination 2011

Annual percentage

change Share Share

Exports Imports

32 World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Table I13

(Million dollars and percentage)

Destination Value Origin Value

2011 2005 2011 2010 2011 2011 2005 2011 2010 2011

Region Region

World 6038597 1000 1000 12 17 World 6255558 1000 1000 13 17Europe 4293810 735 711 10 17 Europe 4239897 703 678 10 16Asia 575412 75 95 24 21 Asia 824999 123 132 21 10North America 433089 89 72 15 15 CIS 356204 56 57 28 36CIS 210719 25 35 22 30 North America 307863 42 49 10 16Africa 183490 26 30 10 13 Africa 203123 31 32 19 15Middle East 159228 27 26 9 15 Middle East 138009 20 22 38 44South and Central America 109472 13 18 32 21 South and Central America 132179 18 21 20 22

Economy Economy

European Union (27) 3905709 678 647 10 16 European Union (27) a 3905709 652 624 10 16United States 362942 77 60 13 13 China 406867 47 65 25 9Switzerland 169376 25 28 13 21 United States 256584 48 41 7 14China 189644 16 31 31 26 Russian Federation 277571 33 44 29 31Russian Federation 150924 17 25 25 32 Switzerland 126973 20 20 7 15

Above 5 4778596 814 791 - - Above 5 4973705 801 795 - -Turkey 101192 14 17 32 25 Norway 130209 20 21 10 24Japan 68149 13 11 16 17 Japan 93933 22 15 10 8Norway 64815 10 11 6 17 Turkey 66258 11 11 11 18India 56272 07 09 21 22 Korea Republic of 50273 10 08 16 -3United Arab Emirates 45451 08 08 6 24 Brazil 52705 07 08 22 22Brazil 49734 05 08 38 20 India 54853 06 09 24 25Korea Republic of 45179 06 07 23 22 Taipei Chinese 33419 07 05 28 4Canada 41228 07 07 16 17 Algeria 38567 06 06 15 38Australia 42887 06 07 17 21 Libya 14530 06 02 33 -63Hong Kong China 42013 06 07 30 18 Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 39150 07 06 33 81Singapore 37762 05 06 14 17 Canada 31837 05 05 20 19Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 36779 05 06 16 20 Malaysia 29299 05 05 35 6South Africa 35685 06 06 27 26 Singapore 26383 05 04 22 6Mexico 33152 05 05 27 17 South Africa 24740 05 04 14 4Ukraine 29496 04 05 18 28 Thailand 24417 04 04 15 6Algeria 23952 03 04 0 16 Kazakhstan 31832 03 05 40 51Israel 23458 04 04 20 23 Nigeria 33617 02 05 32 75Taipei Chinese 22564 04 04 40 15 Indonesia 22510 03 04 13 22Morocco 21116 04 03 9 16 Iran 22749 03 04 47 18Egypt 19409 03 03 12 -1 Mexico 22658 03 04 25 30Iran 14602 04 02 3 -3 Ukraine 20977 03 03 38 38Croatia 15969 03 03 -9 17 Israel 17623 03 03 19 20Malaysia 16586 03 03 11 11 Hong Kong China 14172 03 02 7 0Tunisia 15216 02 03 17 3 Australia 16401 03 03 15 26Nigeria 17360 02 03 10 23 Chile 15255 02 02 20 22Thailand 16502 02 03 24 25 Viet Nam 17840 02 03 17 40Serbia 11925 01 02 7 21 Azerbaijan 20660 01 03 26 60Argentina 11580 01 02 48 18 Argentina 14858 02 02 8 20Indonesia 10235 01 02 16 21 Tunisia 13747 02 02 13 9Chile 10651 01 02 27 33 Morocco 12113 03 02 12 18Belarus 10046 01 02 26 14 Egypt 13248 02 02 11 38Kazakhstan 8351 01 01 -6 21 United Arab Emirates 12321 03 02 47 60Libya 2924 01 00 1 -67 Iraq 13171 01 02 6 39Qatar 6800 01 01 -4 -4 Qatar 18700 00 03 136 79Gibraltar 11057 01 02 35 72 Bangladesh 11954 01 02 9 35

Above 40 5798689 965 960 - - Above 40 6050685 970 967 - -

a The figures are affected by the INTRASTAT system of recording trade between EU member States Intra-EU (27) imports are under-recorded To compensate for this under-recording intra-EU (27) exports have been used to obtain total (World) imports

Exports Imports

Merchandise trade of the European Union (27) by origin and destination 2011

Annual percentage

change

Annual percentage

change Share Share

33World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Table I14

(Million dollars and percentage)

Destination Value Origin Value

2011 2005 2011 2010 2011 2011 2005 2011 2010 2011

Region Region

World 822564 1000 1000 33 7 World 854998 1000 1000 26 23Asia 482969 510 587 37 7 Asia 442550 499 518 28 22North America 146824 255 178 27 5 Middle East 161154 169 188 28 36Europe 109819 157 134 21 11 North America 93078 149 109 15 12South and Central America 17843 16 22 47 0 Europe 91331 127 107 12 20Middle East 24562 28 30 17 -3 South and Central America 29275 24 34 45 28Africa 9899 12 12 26 -2 CIS 20005 13 23 78 17CIS 13760 09 17 122 51 Africa 17106 19 20 28 46

Economy Economy

China 162062 135 197 36 8 China 183818 210 215 25 20United States 127679 229 155 26 6 European Union (27) 80228 114 94 12 21European Union (27) 95909 148 117 20 10 United States 76141 127 89 14 10Korea Republic of 66167 78 80 32 6 Australia 56472 47 66 29 26Taipei Chinese 50961 73 62 44 -3 Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 50514 56 59 23 40

Above 5 502778 662 611 - - Above 5 447173 553 523 - -Hong Kong China a 42954 60 52 33 2 United Arab Emirates 42909 49 50 29 46Thailand 37531 38 46 54 10 Korea Republic of 39798 47 47 30 39Singapore 27265 31 33 22 8 Indonesia 34061 40 40 29 21Malaysia 18796 21 23 37 7 Malaysia 30463 28 36 36 34Australia 17818 21 22 30 12 Qatar 30083 21 35 37 38Indonesia 17739 15 22 71 11 Thailand 24508 30 29 31 17Panama 14939 12 18 21 -4 Taipei Chinese 23254 35 27 26 1Russian Federation 11819 08 14 144 48 Russian Federation 18972 12 22 82 18Philippines 11229 15 14 35 1 Kuwait 13113 15 15 15 27India 11079 06 13 43 23 Canada 12954 17 15 19 19Mexico 10229 12 12 39 8 Iran Islamic Rep of 12902 20 15 20 15Viet Nam 9595 06 12 25 17 Brazil 12795 09 15 55 30Switzerland 9230 04 11 24 19 Viet Nam 11556 09 14 17 41Canada 8911 15 11 20 -4 Chile 9977 10 12 43 32United Arab Emirates 7438 08 09 13 1 Philippines 8921 15 10 23 13Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 6497 07 08 20 0 Singapore 8671 13 10 34 6Brazil 6207 05 08 46 0 South Africa 8427 11 10 44 17South Africa 4316 06 05 47 13 Switzerland 7837 10 09 8 15Liberia 3300 02 04 32 69 India 6812 06 08 52 20Turkey 3071 04 04 59 20 Brunei Darussalam 5542 04 06 19 40Oman 2796 02 03 34 -11 Oman 5145 05 06 37 14Chile 2346 02 03 103 -14 Mexico 3984 05 05 24 14Israel 2181 02 03 56 23 Iraq 3728 01 04 143 9New Zealand 1925 04 02 26 1 New Zealand 3106 05 04 27 15Marshall Islands 1868 00 02 138 -6 Peru 2393 01 03 28 13Iran Islamic Rep of 1709 02 02 27 -18 Norway 2350 02 03 18 21Pakistan 1699 03 02 30 29 Sudan 2264 04 03 13 86Colombia 1497 01 02 60 20 Nigeria 1657 02 02 1 206Norway 1427 02 02 5 29 Hong Kong China 1543 03 02 38 1Kuwait 1349 02 02 16 -5 Equatorial Guinea 1323 00 02 -54 268Egypt 1344 01 02 7 -8 Israel 1081 02 01 2 30Bangladesh 1075 01 01 34 5 Argentina 1078 01 01 58 8Qatar 1019 02 01 -30 -11 Papua New Guinea 944 01 01 42 -3Argentina 977 01 01 41 14 Egypt 875 00 01 52 90Sri Lanka 945 01 01 209 50 Kazakhstan 763 01 01 81 27

Above 40 806900 983 981 - - Above 40 842964 987 986 - -

a Includes significant shipments recorded as exports to Hong Kong China with China as final destination

Merchandise trade of Japan by origin and destination 2011

Annual percentage

change

Annual percentage

change Share Share

Exports Imports

34 World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Table I15

(Million dollars and percentage)

Value Share Value Share

2010 2010 2005-10 2009 2010 2010 2010 2005-10 2009 2010

European Union (27)

World 1604379 1000 6 -13 4 World 1419238 1000 6 -12 2European Union (27) 899923 561 6 -14 2 European Union (27) 828036 583 5 -12 1United States 168349 105 2 -15 2 United States 172830 122 4 -11 0Switzerland 93115 58 8 -9 4 Switzerland 67897 48 8 -9 2Russian Federation 30531 19 15 -18 19 China 21637 15 12 -15 14China 29521 18 14 -11 11 Japan 19628 14 5 -24 10

Above 5 1221439 761 - - - Above 5 1110028 782 - - -Japan 25812 16 1 -14 5 Russian Federation 18534 13 9 -23 18Norway 24353 15 6 -11 1 Turkey 18200 13 5 -15 14Australia 18874 12 12 -8 13 Norway 13836 10 4 -19 -1Singapore 17505 11 10 -14 13 Singapore 12397 09 11 -17 14Canada 17358 11 9 -11 14 Canada 12229 09 6 -18 9India 14193 09 17 -3 14 India 11420 08 13 -14 13Brazil 12915 08 17 -12 -1 Hong Kong China 9831 07 8 -22 7Hong Kong China 11713 07 2 -24 15 Australia 8914 06 4 -15 11Turkey 10534 07 12 -10 18 Egypt 8783 06 7 -14 10Korea Republic of 9966 06 6 -28 17 Brazil 7475 05 9 -7 -14

Above 15 1384662 863 - - - Above 15 1231647 868 - - -United States

World 532142 1000 8 -6 8 World 369907 1000 6 -7 6European Union (27) 169098 318 -12 -1 European Union (27) 125399 339 -12 2Canada 50521 95 9 -5 18 Bermuda 31740 86 21 36 -6Japan 44750 84 2 -4 12 Canada 25579 69 3 -11 15Mexico 24110 45 2 -11 4 Japan 23541 64 3 -14 12China 21135 40 20 6 32 Switzerland 19665 53 10 -2 6

Above 5 309614 582 - - - Above 5 225924 611 - - -Switzerland 20313 38 12 -5 8 Mexico 13730 37 -1 -13 1Brazil 16515 31 23 8 26 India 13661 37 22 -1 11Korea Republic of 15105 28 10 -1 18 China 9967 27 10 -12 22Australia 13168 25 12 0 10 Korea Republic of 7756 21 6 -12 21Bermuda 11061 21 18 14 1 Hong Kong China 6492 18 5 -20 12India 10319 19 15 -4 5 Taipei Chinese 6330 17 0 -22 24Singapore 9709 18 12 -3 38 Australia 5600 15 4 -6 5Taipei Chinese 9292 17 10 7 44 Brazil 5232 14 22 2 5Hong Kong China 5507 10 8 -1 -4 Israel 4044 11 11 1 3Venezuela Bolivarian Rep of 5013 09 14 3 -3 Singapore 3771 10 1 -9 8

Above 15 425616 800 - - - Above 15 302507 818 - - -China a

World 170248 1000 18 -12 32 World 192174 1000 18 0 22Hong Kong China 49426 290 -11 33 Hong Kong China 33777 176 0 28European Union (27) 18508 109 -19 8 European Union (27) 28500 148 -14 40Japan 11439 67 -12 20 United States 21135 110 -33 35United States 9967 59 -64 22 Japan 18233 95 3 20Taipei Chinese 7568 44 -2 18 Korea Republic of 11233 58 -3 11

Above 5 96908 569 - - - Above 5 112878 587 - - -Korea Republic of 6845 40 -28 22 Australia 8161 42 -14 36Singapore 6186 36 -4 19 Macao China 5304 28 -3 -26Macao China 2920 17 -30 -3 Taipei Chinese 5082 26 12 112Australia 1635 10 -25 49 Singapore 4806 25 17 20

Above 9 114495 673 - - - Above 9 136231 709 - - -

Trade in commercial services of selected economies by origin and destination 2010

Annual percentage change

Annual percentage change

Exports Imports

35World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Table I15 (continued)

(Million dollars and percentage)

Value Share Value Share

2010 2010 2005-10 2009 2010 2010 2010 2005-10 2009 2010

Japan

World 138705 1000 6 -14 10 World 155611 1000 5 -12 6United States 36232 261 -7 6 United States 44530 286 -9 7European Union (27) 33368 241 -21 0 European Union (27) 32374 208 -9 2Singapore 12837 93 -25 23 China 8915 57 -1 2China 10155 73 -13 29 Singapore 8086 52 -24 17Taipei Chinese 9229 67 0 37 Korea Republic of 6652 43 -28 13

Above 5 101819 734 - - - Above 5 100557 646 - - -Indonesia 3451 25 -12 91 Hong Kong China 5466 35 -27 14Korea Republic of 3414 25 -19 -10 Taipei Chinese 4642 30 -16 24Thailand 2951 21 -49 15 Australia 3615 23 -4 6Australia 2607 19 23 -5 Thailand 3051 20 -6 6Switzerland 2257 16 -32 22 Switzerland 2783 18 -16 5Canada 2109 15 -41 3 United Arab Emirates 1971 13 -21 -46India 2071 15 -19 60 Indonesia 1814 12 -4 7Hong Kong China 2061 15 -27 hellip Canada 1687 11 -9 20Brazil 1138 08 12 23 Philippines 1686 11 -14 14Malaysia 1069 08 hellip 122 Russian Federation 1445 09 86 56

Above 15 124945 901 - - - Above 15 128716 827 - - -Hong Kong China b

World 106089 1000 11 -6 23 World 50855 1000 8 -7 16China 29670 280 13 1 30 China 13481 265 8 -3 16United States 22253 210 12 -7 23 European Union (27) 8623 170 -8 14European Union (27) 19552 184 -8 22 United States 7384 145 8 -5 13Japan 6205 58 7 -8 14 Japan 4139 81 7 -13 21Taipei Chinese 4453 42 0 -19 16 Singapore 3055 60 16 -6 20

Above 5 82133 774 - - - Above 5 36682 721 - - -Australia 2881 27 14 -8 23 Australia 2562 50 4 -6 19Singapore 2835 27 10 -4 15 Taipei Chinese 2228 44 10 -5 22Korea Republic of 2531 24 11 -20 28 Canada 1346 26 7 -20 20Canada 1612 15 10 -19 22 Thailand 900 18 -1 -17 13Malaysia 1356 13 12 -11 22 Korea Republic of 892 18 2 -7 19Switzerland 1329 13 16 -3 53 Macao China 804 16 12 2 18India 1264 12 18 4 31 India 802 16 18 -15 26Indonesia 971 09 18 -9 107 Malaysia 769 15 10 2 8Thailand 930 09 5 -10 27 Switzerland 420 08 12 2 21Philippines 788 07 8 -3 15 Philippines 420 08 4 -24 16

Above 15 98630 930 - - - Above 15 47825 940 - - -Korea Republic of

World 86266 1000 12 -19 19 World 94956 1000 10 -17 19China 13728 159 18 -26 41 United States 25642 270 9 -8 19United States 13055 151 3 -18 15 European Union (27) 17884 188 11 -20 12Japan 10780 125 10 -10 27 China 10585 111 11 -19 23European Union (27) 9778 113 8 -34 28 Japan 8972 94 4 -22 20United Arab Emirates 5040 58 53 148 -8 Hong Kong China 4633 49 13 -38 28

Above 5 52381 607 - - - Above 5 67716 713 - - -Hong Kong China 4142 48 8 -28 33 Singapore 3655 38 7 -30 29Singapore 3452 40 20 -23 16 Australia 2387 25 11 -8 44Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 2172 25 26 41 -11 Viet Nam 2100 22 22 -5 33Taipei Chinese 1953 23 6 -40 55 United Arab Emirates 1751 18 29 -2 34India 1649 19 27 13 26 Canada 1569 17 4 -11 21Viet Nam 1532 18 32 -21 13 Indonesia 1520 16 18 -5 28Australia 1394 16 23 76 11 Taipei Chinese 1347 14 11 -19 36Russian Federation 1339 16 24 -47 73 Philippines 1290 14 9 -37 108Thailand 1304 15 7 -15 12 Thailand 1193 13 4 -20 34Malaysia 1004 12 13 -28 50 India 817 09 20 8 15

Above 15 72323 838 - - - Above 15 85344 899 - - -

Trade in commercial services of selected economies by origin and destination 2010

Annual percentage change

Annual percentage change

Exports Imports

36 World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Table I15 (continued)

(Million dollars and percentage)

Value Share Value Share

2010 2010 2005-10 2009 2010 2010 2010 2005-10 2009 2010

Canada World 67432 1000 4 -12 15 World 89963 1000 7 -11 15United States 36726 545 3 -10 14 United States 51903 577 6 -10 17European Union (27) 12064 179 4 -19 20 European Union (27) 14112 157 6 -11 6Japan 1150 17 -1 -24 34 Japan 1358 15 -7 -18 11

Above 3 49941 741 - - - Above 3 67373 749 - - -Russian Federation c

World 44466 1000 12 -19 8 World 71629 1000 14 -20 21European Union (27) 16785 377 11 -22 5 European Union (27) 30923 432 13 -16 16United States 3727 84 11 -2 3 Turkey 4841 68 7 -34 13Ukraine 2202 50 15 -38 5 United States 3825 53 15 -3 4Switzerland 1821 41 11 -8 18 Ukraine 3439 48 11 -9 32Kazakhstan 1499 34 16 -15 8 Egypt 2994 42 25 13 47

Above 5 26034 585 - - - Above 5 46022 642 - - -Turkey 1220 27 6 -45 1 Switzerland 2167 30 17 -6 17British Virgin Islands 1179 27 19 -11 13 China 1362 19 7 -38 37China 992 22 9 -5 20 Belarus 1097 15 21 -20 43Uzbekistan 959 22 34 -26 -10 Panama 1058 15 -6 4Tajikistan 642 14 31 -36 2 Thailand 1000 14 -12 105Belarus 598 13 15 -21 37 United Arab Emirates 876 12 16 -12 32Korea Republic of 555 12 8 -10 3 Kazakhstan 719 10 7 -24 -7Azerbaijan 504 11 20 -14 22 Korea Republic of 674 09 21 21 8Panama 476 11 28 -12 7 Israel 636 09 10 2 7Japan 472 11 -2 -11 6 British Virgin Islands 622 09 31 -31 74

Above 15 33631 756 - - - Above 15 56234 785 - - -Australia

World 46944 1000 9 -9 16 World 50036 1000 11 -15 23European Union (27) 7727 165 4 -9 14 European Union (27) 11497 230 10 -11 28China 5358 114 18 5 28 United States 8625 172 12 -13 15United States 4431 94 6 -13 10 Singapore 3192 64 7 -34 19New Zealand 2989 64 4 -16 19 New Zealand 2450 49 10 -4 11India 2845 61 25 13 0 Japan 2001 40 8 -21 23

Above 5 23349 497 - - - Above 5 27766 555 - - -Singapore 2362 50 5 -29 4 Thailand 1782 36 21 0 2Japan 1894 40 -4 -20 20 Hong Kong China 1761 35 7 -18 24Korea Republic of 1749 37 11 -9 24 Indonesia 1645 33 21 18 49Hong Kong China 1542 33 5 -4 18 China 1497 30 10 -14 33Malaysia 1507 32 9 -1 19 Switzerland 1467 29 15 -28 49Indonesia 1094 23 12 8 23 Fiji 1051 21 14 -10 42Thailand 914 19 13 7 11 Malaysia 1029 21 12 -15 37Viet Nam 857 18 35 32 32 Canada 722 14 8 -19 14Switzerland 751 16 16 -1 23 Viet Nam 638 13 15 -16 36Canada 690 15 11 -11 17 India 593 12 19 -12 15

Above 15 36709 782 - - - Above 15 39951 798 - - -

b Financial intermediation services are not allocated geographically In 2010 they represented 1 per cent of exports and 1 per cent of importsc In 2010 trade in commercial services not allocated geographically accounted for 12 per cent of exports and 15 per cent of importsNote For more information on asymmetries see the Metadata

Trade in commercial services of selected economies by origin and destination 2010

Annual percentage change

Annual percentage change

Exports Imports

a ASEAN countries accounted for 7 per cent of total commercial services exports and 9 per cent of imports

37World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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5 Regional trade agreements

Table I16

(Million dollars and percentage)

Destination Value Value Value

2011 2005 2011 2010 2011 2011 2005 2011 2010 2011 2011 2005 2011 2010 2011

Exports

CanadaAgricultural products 60 114 133 19 15 31 89 91 17 12 29 255 254 22 19Fuels and mining products 154 257 341 31 27 126 270 373 31 24 28 186 247 32 41Manufactures 204 572 451 19 10 164 586 487 20 10 40 496 346 14 9Total exports 452 1000 1000 23 17 337 1000 1000 22 15 115 1000 1000 23 23

MexicoAgricultural products 23 59 66 13 22 18 55 63 14 20 5 81 78 12 31Fuels and mining products 69 167 198 38 39 54 152 188 34 35 16 274 244 53 55Manufactures 247 770 707 30 11 206 788 720 29 9 41 642 647 33 24Total exports 350 1000 1000 30 17 286 1000 1000 29 14 64 1000 1000 35 31

United StatesAgricultural products 168 92 114 19 18 46 78 96 13 17 122 100 122 22 18Fuels and mining products 185 56 125 45 44 58 67 121 53 47 127 50 127 42 43Manufactures 1048 810 708 18 11 361 828 753 22 12 687 800 686 16 10Total exports 1480 1000 1000 21 16 479 1000 1000 24 16 1001 1000 1000 20 16

NAFTAAgricultural products 251 93 110 19 18 95 77 86 14 16 157 113 133 22 19Fuels and mining products 409 121 179 38 36 238 162 216 36 32 171 71 145 41 44Manufactures 1499 746 657 20 11 731 730 663 24 11 768 768 651 16 11Total exports 2282 1000 1000 23 16 1102 1000 1000 25 15 1180 1000 1000 21 17

Imports

CanadaAgricultural products 37 68 81 12 14 23 70 88 10 12 15 66 72 17 18Fuels and mining products 70 120 152 34 34 28 73 108 37 37 43 194 209 32 31Manufactures 334 789 722 21 11 199 835 769 23 11 135 715 663 17 12Total imports 463 1000 1000 22 15 259 1000 1000 23 13 204 1000 1000 21 17

MexicoAgricultural products 30 74 83 16 24 24 102 125 16 24 6 38 37 18 27Fuels and mining products 47 80 130 52 42 35 96 186 56 53 12 58 67 43 17Manufactures 276 835 765 27 12 128 799 675 26 12 148 882 865 28 12Total imports 361 1000 1000 28 16 190 1000 1000 28 20 171 1000 1000 29 13

United StatesAgricultural products 137 55 61 16 18 47 77 79 17 13 91 47 54 15 20Fuels and mining products 523 194 231 31 28 175 233 299 31 27 348 180 207 31 29Manufactures 1523 715 672 22 11 335 639 572 27 9 1188 743 707 21 12Total imports 2266 1000 1000 23 15 586 1000 1000 26 14 1680 1000 1000 22 15

NAFTAAgricultural products 205 59 66 15 18 93 79 90 15 15 111 48 54 15 20Fuels and mining products 640 172 207 33 30 238 170 230 35 31 402 173 196 31 29Manufactures 2133 738 691 22 11 662 714 640 25 10 1471 750 716 21 12Total imports 3090 1000 1000 23 15 1034 1000 1000 25 15 2055 1000 1000 22 15

NAFTA Other origindestination

Annual percentage

change

Merchandise trade of NAFTA countries by major product group and by origindestination 2011

Annual percentage

change Share Share Share

Annual percentage

change

World

38 World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Table I17

(Million dollars and percentage)

Destination Value Value Value

2011 2005 2011 2010 2011 2011 2005 2011 2010 2011 2011 2005 2011 2010 2011

Exports Argentina

Agricultural products 45 475 539 23 31 5 234 238 25 34 40 532 638 23 30Fuels and mining products 8 195 97 7 -1 2 181 117 -5 23 6 198 91 1 0Manufactures 26 304 314 23 20 13 585 645 30 16 13 238 206 16 25Total exports 84 1000 1000 22 23 21 1000 1000 24 21 63 1000 1000 22 24

BrazilAgricultural products 86 296 338 19 26 2 57 54 26 19 85 322 372 19 26Fuels and mining products 78 160 304 72 38 4 77 142 8 59 74 169 324 143 0Manufactures 84 521 328 22 18 22 865 803 50 19 62 483 270 15 18Total exports 256 1000 1000 32 27 28 1000 1000 43 23 228 1000 1000 31 27

ParaguayAgricultural products 5 846 875 43 20 2 841 843 44 27 2 852 908 42 15Fuels and mining products 0 14 17 103 141 0 21 18 68 149 0 05 15 525 0Manufactures 1 138 107 42 22 0 138 139 39 30 0 138 74 48 10Total exports 6 1000 1000 43 22 3 1000 1000 43 28 3 1000 1000 43 15

UruguayAgricultural products 6 634 722 22 18 1 348 406 24 5 5 719 860 22 21Fuels and mining products 0 53 10 131 -59 0 41 27 405 -63 0 56 03 -67 0Manufactures 2 296 256 24 28 1 612 567 37 32 1 202 121 5 20Total exports 8 1000 1000 24 18 2 1000 1000 39 12 6 1000 1000 18 21

MERCOSURAgricultural products 142 353 403 21 27 10 166 182 29 26 132 380 442 21 27Fuels and mining products 86 165 244 60 33 6 111 121 5 39 80 173 266 121 0Manufactures 113 459 320 23 19 37 723 697 42 18 76 420 252 15 19Total exports 353 1000 1000 29 26 54 1000 1000 35 22 300 1000 1000 29 26

ImportsArgentina

Agricultural products 3 43 35 9 21 1 55 42 -14 17 2 36 31 31 23Fuels and mining products 12 84 156 75 92 3 101 110 69 35 9 73 176 288 0Manufactures 59 863 794 44 23 19 844 848 49 21 39 877 770 42 24Total imports 74 1000 1000 46 31 23 1000 1000 46 22 51 1000 1000 46 35

BrazilAgricultural products 14 59 60 33 25 6 284 286 21 22 8 35 38 44 26Fuels and mining products 52 222 220 63 36 2 162 97 14 18 50 228 231 127 0Manufactures 171 719 720 40 20 13 553 616 41 10 158 737 730 39 21Total imports 237 1000 1000 43 24 21 1000 1000 32 14 216 1000 1000 45 25

ParaguayAgricultural products 1 94 80 31 22 1 155 135 25 17 0 44 40 56 38Fuels and mining products 2 155 140 19 37 1 207 214 52 27 1 111 86 28 0Manufactures 10 751 779 51 20 3 637 650 52 26 6 845 872 51 18Total imports 12 1000 1000 45 23 5 1000 1000 47 25 7 1000 1000 43 21

UruguayAgricultural products 1 112 132 23 37 1 180 230 12 45 0 63 70 49 23Fuels and mining products 2 259 215 0 33 1 105 164 -74 236 2 370 248 68 0Manufactures 7 629 652 34 21 3 716 606 27 13 4 567 681 39 26Total imports 11 1000 1000 25 24 4 1000 1000 -1 34 7 1000 1000 46 19

MERCOSURAgricultural products 19 58 57 28 25 9 148 162 15 23 11 36 38 42 26Fuels and mining products 68 186 202 59 43 6 130 120 18 36 61 200 218 137 0Manufactures 246 754 736 41 21 38 722 718 45 17 207 761 740 40 22Total imports 334 1000 1000 43 25 53 1000 1000 36 20 280 1000 1000 45 26

MERCOSUR Other origindestination

Annual percentage

change

Merchandise trade of MERCOSUR countries by major product group and by origindestination 2011

Annual percentage

change Share Share Share

Annual percentage

change

World

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Table I18

(Million dollars and percentage)

Destination Value Value Value

2011 2005 2011 2010 2011 2011 2005 2011 2010 2011 2011 2005 2011 2010 2011

Exports Bolivia Plurinational State of

Agricultural products 1 220 132 -1 10 0 799 595 -5 6 1 148 88 3 13Fuels and mining products 7 642 801 36 39 0 104 364 103 49 6 709 842 35 38Manufactures 0 109 39 41 -18 0 94 41 12 10 0 111 38 44 -21Total exports 8 1000 1000 28 32 1 1000 1000 13 18 8 1000 1000 30 34

ColombiaAgricultural products 7 217 124 -3 23 0 93 100 22 23 7 231 125 -4 23Fuels and mining products 37 406 652 42 60 0 254 143 173 -9 37 422 685 41 62Manufactures 10 347 174 -3 14 3 653 756 31 17 7 314 137 -11 13Total exports 57 1000 1000 21 43 3 1000 1000 43 13 54 1000 1000 20 46

EcuadorAgricultural products 7 318 334 7 25 0 143 166 2 47 7 345 358 7 24Fuels and mining products 13 586 585 39 33 1 567 530 48 33 12 588 592 38 33Manufactures 2 71 75 40 0 1 290 302 26 16 1 38 43 55 -12Total exports 22 1000 1000 26 28 3 1000 1000 32 29 20 1000 1000 25 27

PeruAgricultural products 8 182 170 22 33 0 165 199 17 38 7 183 169 22 32Fuels and mining products 23 486 495 49 29 1 372 276 50 -1 22 491 507 49 31Manufactures 5 141 106 17 28 1 464 526 23 21 4 125 84 15 31Total exports 46 1000 1000 32 30 2 1000 1000 29 17 44 1000 1000 32 31

Andean CommunityAgricultural products 23 225 175 7 26 2 168 183 6 27 22 231 175 7 26Fuels and mining products 80 481 596 43 44 3 358 309 69 16 77 493 617 42 45Manufactures 17 210 126 6 15 5 474 507 28 18 12 185 97 0 14Total exports 134 1000 1000 26 35 9 1000 1000 34 19 125 1000 1000 26 36

Imports Bolivia Plurinational State of

Agricultural products 1 116 89 7 49 0 158 186 19 101 1 112 80 5 41Fuels and mining products 1 111 147 38 62 0 45 50 63 7 1 118 157 37 65Manufactures 6 762 761 23 39 1 793 763 18 25 5 759 760 23 41Total imports 8 1000 1000 18 42 1 1000 1000 20 33 7 1000 1000 18 43

ColombiaAgricultural products 6 104 105 19 27 1 298 212 1 13 5 90 97 23 30Fuels and mining products 5 52 88 59 66 0 129 105 52 26 4 47 87 60 70Manufactures 44 832 796 22 33 2 572 683 31 39 41 851 804 21 33Total imports 55 1000 1000 24 34 4 1000 1000 24 31 51 1000 1000 24 35

EcuadorAgricultural products 2 87 98 21 23 1 96 178 31 25 2 86 86 19 23Fuels and mining products 6 123 236 62 24 0 248 145 69 -21 5 98 249 61 31Manufactures 16 723 663 32 15 2 655 676 34 6 14 737 661 31 17Total imports 24 1000 1000 36 18 3 1000 1000 39 4 21 1000 1000 36 20

PeruAgricultural products 4 132 118 33 25 0 129 137 16 9 4 133 116 36 27Fuels and mining products 6 207 167 40 37 2 579 544 45 27 4 145 127 38 42Manufactures 27 660 707 38 24 1 291 318 35 9 26 722 748 38 24Total imports 38 1000 1000 38 26 4 1000 1000 36 18 34 1000 1000 38 27

Andean CommunityAgricultural products 13 108 106 23 27 2 166 176 13 19 11 101 100 25 28Fuels and mining products 18 113 145 51 40 3 321 257 51 15 15 87 134 51 46Manufactures 92 758 741 28 27 6 513 566 32 19 86 789 758 28 28Total imports 125 1000 1000 30 29 11 1000 1000 32 18 114 1000 1000 30 30

Andean Community Other origindestination

Annual percentage

change

Merchandise trade of Andean Community countries by major product group and by origindestination 2011

Annual percentage

change Share Share Share

Annual percentage

change

World

40 World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Table I19

(Million dollars and percentage)

Destination Value a

Value Value

2011 2005 2011 2010 2011 2011 2005 2011 2010 2011 2011 2005 2011 2010 2011

Exports Indonesia

Agricultural products 47 167 237 39 32 8 126 186 44 23 40 176 250 38 34Fuels and mining products 84 361 416 39 34 17 245 414 37 39 66 388 417 40 33Manufactures 67 469 336 22 15 16 621 382 26 9 52 435 324 21 17Total exports 201 1000 1000 32 27 42 1000 1000 32 24 159 1000 1000 32 28

MalaysiaAgricultural products 39 95 171 38 35 7 69 122 36 33 32 104 187 39 35Fuels and mining products 46 146 202 38 30 12 195 216 22 17 34 129 197 46 35Manufactures 141 749 620 22 6 37 721 655 24 6 104 759 609 21 6Total exports 227 1000 1000 26 14 56 1000 1000 25 11 171 1000 1000 27 15

PhilippinesAgricultural products 5 66 112 30 31 1 55 88 28 39 5 68 117 30 30Fuels and mining products 4 41 85 43 28 1 65 148 47 41 3 36 71 42 22Manufactures 39 890 798 34 -12 7 879 764 111 -35 32 893 805 20 -5Total exports 48 1000 1000 34 -6 9 1000 1000 98 -25 40 1000 1000 23 -1

SingaporeAgricultural products 10 19 25 26 30 4 25 33 24 36 6 17 21 28 25Fuels and mining products 86 130 211 37 42 42 175 324 48 51 45 109 159 29 35Manufactures 283 805 692 28 11 80 783 621 23 11 203 815 724 31 11Total exports 410 1000 1000 30 16 129 1000 1000 30 21 280 1000 1000 30 14

ThailandAgricultural products 48 160 208 26 35 9 126 164 41 29 39 170 222 22 37Fuels and mining products 16 55 70 29 33 9 133 175 47 37 7 34 38 10 26Manufactures 159 760 696 29 13 36 724 659 33 18 123 770 708 28 11Total exports 229 1000 1000 28 17 54 1000 1000 36 22 175 1000 1000 26 16

ASEANAgricultural products 177 95 142 32 33 33 69 105 37 27 144 104 155 31 35Fuels and mining products 267 161 215 34 36 95 200 300 35 38 172 148 186 34 35Manufactures 758 721 610 28 11 183 717 582 29 10 575 722 620 27 11Total exports 1242 1000 1000 29 18 315 1000 1000 32 18 928 1000 1000 28 18

ImportsIndonesia

Agricultural products 22 88 126 42 43 4 45 87 63 83 18 108 142 39 36Fuels and mining products 47 257 266 50 46 22 388 434 61 41 25 195 197 41 51Manufactures 106 654 597 40 23 24 566 478 33 18 81 697 645 42 25Total imports 177 1000 1000 44 31 51 1000 1000 45 31 126 1000 1000 44 30

MalaysiaAgricultural products 21 63 113 30 32 9 86 173 37 33 12 55 90 26 31Fuels and mining products 33 117 174 60 31 15 204 282 48 37 18 87 133 70 27Manufactures 130 788 692 30 8 28 688 529 44 4 102 822 755 26 9Total imports 188 1000 1000 33 14 52 1000 1000 44 16 136 1000 1000 29 13

PhilippinesAgricultural products 7 78 110 22 3 2 125 132 49 -28 5 67 104 8 24Fuels and mining products 15 156 233 31 22 3 215 207 58 -24 12 142 241 20 46Manufactures 42 764 657 27 7 10 654 660 33 4 32 789 656 25 8Total imports 64 1000 1000 27 9 15 1000 1000 41 -8 49 1000 1000 23 16

SingaporeAgricultural products 14 32 38 24 26 5 49 70 24 26 8 26 29 24 27Fuels and mining products 126 192 344 34 47 26 160 336 17 59 100 204 347 39 44Manufactures 220 761 601 24 9 45 781 581 31 -5 174 754 606 22 13Total imports 366 1000 1000 26 18 78 1000 1000 26 5 288 1000 1000 26 22

ThailandAgricultural products 15 60 66 28 27 3 64 67 24 30 13 59 66 29 26Fuels and mining products 54 216 236 33 34 12 284 297 13 31 42 200 223 40 35Manufactures 143 695 624 36 17 25 612 629 25 15 118 715 623 38 17Total imports 228 1000 1000 37 25 39 1000 1000 22 20 189 1000 1000 41 26

ASEANAgricultural products 95 60 83 30 30 29 71 109 35 30 66 56 75 29 30Fuels and mining products 292 186 253 37 40 86 239 322 31 39 206 168 233 39 40Manufactures 734 736 637 29 14 150 675 560 31 7 584 756 660 28 16Total imports 1152 1000 1000 31 21 267 1000 1000 31 16 885 1000 1000 31 23

ASEAN Other origindestination

Annual percentage

change

Merchandise trade of ASEAN countries by major product group and by origindestination 2011

Annual percentage

change Share Share Share

Annual percentage

change

World

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6 Least-developed countries

Table I20

(Million dollars and percentage)

2010 2005 2010 2005 2010 2005 2010

LDCs 609400 31 30 28 27 3 3Afghanistan 17243 hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellipAngola 82471 86 62 85 61 1 1Bangladesh 100357 16 20 15 19 1 1Benin 6558 18 25 13 20 4 5Bhutan 1516 31 40 26 36 5 4Burkina Faso 8825 10 21 9 18 1 3Burundi 2027 6 5 5 5 1 0Cambodia 11242 63 61 46 46 17 15Central African Republic 1985 11 hellip 9 7 1 hellipChad 8541 59 hellip 58 41 1 hellipComoros 541 14 14 4 4 10 10Congo Dem Rep of 13110 35 67 33 65 1 2Djibouti 1129 19 21 6 8 13 13Equatorial Guinea 14500 86 hellip 86 73 0 hellipEritrea 2117 hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellipEthiopia 29684 14 15 7 8 6 7Gambia 1050 29 24 16 16 13 8Guinea 4736 30 32 29 31 1 1Guinea-Bissau 835 16 20 16 15 1 5Haiti 6635 13 11 11 8 2 3Kiribati 151 14 hellip 5 3 9 hellipLao Peoples Dem Rep 7181 27 31 20 24 7 7Lesotho 2179 49 41 46 39 2 2Liberia 988 39 28 24 24 15 4Madagascar 8721 25 24 17 12 8 11Malawi 5054 23 28 20 25 4 3Mali 9422 26 26 21 22 5 4Mauritania 3614 31 60 29 58 3 2Mozambique 9209 31 32 27 25 5 6Myanmar 45380 33 18 31 17 2 1Nepal 16014 14 9 11 6 3 4Niger 5411 17 24 14 21 2 2Rwanda 5624 8 10 5 5 3 4Samoa 595 30 33 3 6 27 27Sao Tome and Principe 201 14 12 6 6 8 6Senegal 12855 26 24 18 17 8 7Sierra Leone 1910 21 22 15 19 6 3Solomon Islands 679 34 49 25 33 9 15Somalia hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellipSudan 66997 18 17 18 17 0 0Tanzania 22915 21 28 12 19 9 9Timor-Leste 875 hellip 5 hellip 2 hellip 3Togo 3176 37 40 30 31 7 9Tuvalu 31 hellip hellip hellip hellip 8 hellipUganda 17197 16 19 11 13 5 6Vanuatu 689 44 47 10 7 34 39Yemen 31043 40 29 38 25 2 5Zambia 16193 34 48 31 46 3 2

Memorandum item

World 63134700 28 30 23 24 5 6Note Trade in goods is derived from balance of payments statistics and does not correspond to the merchandise trade statistics given elsewhere in this report See the Metadata

Ratio of exports of goods and commercial services to GDP of the least-developed countries 2010

Commercial services

Value Ratio to GDP

Goods and commercial servicesGDP Goods

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Value Value

2011 2005-11 2009 2010 2011 2011 2005-11 2009 2010 2011

LDCs 202559 20 -24 27 25 205856 19 -5 10 22Oil Exporters aAngola 65500 22 -36 24 29 22000 21 8 -26 32Equatorial Guinea 13300 13 -40 9 34 6000 36 33 10 5Yemen 11600 16 -17 34 38 8500 10 -13 0 -8Sudan 9694 15 -29 38 -15 9231 6 4 4 -8Myanmar 9330 20 -3 30 7 8000 33 2 9 66Chad 4600 8 -33 25 31 2400 20 0 5 14Bhutan 650 20 -5 29 1 950 20 -3 61 11Exporters of manufacturesBangladesh 24436 21 -2 27 27 36188 21 -8 27 30Cambodia 6950 18 -11 23 35 9300 19 -10 16 37Madagascar 1590 13 -20 2 48 2850 11 -15 -21 13Lesotho 1100 11 -17 20 25 2600 13 3 24 13Nepal 919 1 -12 4 7 5774 20 22 17 12Haiti 770 10 20 0 33 2900 15 -8 48 -8Samoa 54 -9 -36 29 -9 346 8 -20 34 12Exporters of agricultureEthiopia 2615 24 1 44 12 8896 17 -7 12 3Uganda 2200 22 -9 3 36 5360 21 -6 10 15Burkina Faso 2000 34 30 43 55 2600 16 -7 10 27Benin 1800 25 -4 13 29 2700 22 -10 5 25Malawi 1427 23 35 -10 34 2426 16 -8 7 12Togo 1100 11 -6 0 38 1700 10 0 -1 13Rwanda 464 30 -13 27 56 1776 33 11 9 24Somalia 450 12 0 7 0 1100 12 -16 12 31Solomon Islands 413 32 -21 36 85 467 20 -9 43 15Liberia 358 22 -39 49 61 1044 28 -32 29 47Afghanistan 350 -2 -25 -4 -10 6300 21 10 54 22Guinea-Bissau 230 21 -5 -1 92 300 23 16 -4 36Central African Republic 160 5 -20 17 14 380 17 -10 11 27Burundi 125 17 17 50 23 752 23 0 26 48Gambia 95 64 383 -47 171 344 6 -6 -6 21Vanuatu 64 11 0 -15 31 288 14 -6 -4 2Comoros 25 16 129 38 22 277 23 17 11 19Kiribati 20 36 40 -29 33 110 8 -8 8 50Sao Tome and Principe 11 10 -24 36 0 125 20 -9 9 11Exporters of non-fuel mineralsZambia 9015 38 -15 67 25 7178 23 -24 39 35Congo Dem Rep of 6600 22 -20 51 25 5500 15 -9 15 22Tanzania 5098 25 -4 45 18 10724 27 -17 22 37Mozambique 3600 15 -30 57 24 6300 21 -6 22 37Mauritania 2769 35 -24 52 34 2464 12 -23 29 27Lao Peoples Dem Rep 2400 34 -4 66 37 2700 25 4 41 31Mali 2391 17 -15 13 20 3250 16 -26 15 14Guinea 1630 14 -22 40 11 2106 21 -22 33 50Niger 1250 21 10 4 20 2400 21 30 5 4Eritrea 400 104 0 9 hellip 900 13 -2 17 30Sierra Leone 350 17 7 48 2 1708 38 -3 48 122OthersSenegal 2542 10 -7 7 18 5909 11 -28 1 24Djibouti 95 19 13 10 12 410 8 -21 -19 13Tuvalu 0 37 50 0 0 25 14 -47 14 56Timor-Leste 20 20 -35 96 20 300 22 10 1 1Memorandum item World b 18255000 12 -22 22 20 18438000 11 -23 21 19

b Includes significant re-exports or imports for re-export

Table I21

Note Data for 2011 are largely estimated

Annual percentage change Annual percentage change

Merchandise exports and imports of least-developed countries 2011

(Million dollars and percentage)

Exports Imports

a Bhutan is included for its exports of electric current

43World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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2011 2005-11 2009 2010 2011 2011 2005-11 2009 2010 2011

LDCs 202559 20 -24 27 25 205856 19 -5 10 22Oil Exporters aAngola 65500 22 -36 24 29 22000 21 8 -26 32Equatorial Guinea 13300 13 -40 9 34 6000 36 33 10 5Yemen 11600 16 -17 34 38 8500 10 -13 0 -8Sudan 9694 15 -29 38 -15 9231 6 4 4 -8Myanmar 9330 20 -3 30 7 8000 33 2 9 66Chad 4600 8 -33 25 31 2400 20 0 5 14Bhutan 650 20 -5 29 1 950 20 -3 61 11Exporters of manufacturesBangladesh 24436 21 -2 27 27 36188 21 -8 27 30Cambodia 6950 18 -11 23 35 9300 19 -10 16 37Madagascar 1590 13 -20 2 48 2850 11 -15 -21 13Lesotho 1100 11 -17 20 25 2600 13 3 24 13Nepal 919 1 -12 4 7 5774 20 22 17 12Haiti 770 10 20 0 33 2900 15 -8 48 -8Samoa 54 -9 -36 29 -9 346 8 -20 34 12Exporters of agricultureEthiopia 2615 24 1 44 12 8896 17 -7 12 3Uganda 2200 22 -9 3 36 5360 21 -6 10 15Burkina Faso 2000 34 30 43 55 2600 16 -7 10 27Benin 1800 25 -4 13 29 2700 22 -10 5 25Malawi 1427 23 35 -10 34 2426 16 -8 7 12Togo 1100 11 -6 0 38 1700 10 0 -1 13Rwanda 464 30 -13 27 56 1776 33 11 9 24Somalia 450 12 0 7 0 1100 12 -16 12 31Solomon Islands 413 32 -21 36 85 467 20 -9 43 15Liberia 358 22 -39 49 61 1044 28 -32 29 47Afghanistan 350 -2 -25 -4 -10 6300 21 10 54 22Guinea-Bissau 230 21 -5 -1 92 300 23 16 -4 36Central African Republic 160 5 -20 17 14 380 17 -10 11 27Burundi 125 17 17 50 23 752 23 0 26 48Gambia 95 64 383 -47 171 344 6 -6 -6 21Vanuatu 64 11 0 -15 31 288 14 -6 -4 2Comoros 25 16 129 38 22 277 23 17 11 19Kiribati 20 36 40 -29 33 110 8 -8 8 50Sao Tome and Principe 11 10 -24 36 0 125 20 -9 9 11Exporters of non-fuel mineralsZambia 9015 38 -15 67 25 7178 23 -24 39 35Congo Dem Rep of 6600 22 -20 51 25 5500 15 -9 15 22Tanzania 5098 25 -4 45 18 10724 27 -17 22 37Mozambique 3600 15 -30 57 24 6300 21 -6 22 37Mauritania 2769 35 -24 52 34 2464 12 -23 29 27Lao Peoples Dem Rep 2400 34 -4 66 37 2700 25 4 41 31Mali 2391 17 -15 13 20 3250 16 -26 15 14Guinea 1630 14 -22 40 11 2106 21 -22 33 50Niger 1250 21 10 4 20 2400 21 30 5 4Eritrea 400 104 0 9 hellip 900 13 -2 17 30Sierra Leone 350 17 7 48 2 1708 38 -3 48 122OthersSenegal 2542 10 -7 7 18 5909 11 -28 1 24Djibouti 95 19 13 10 12 410 8 -21 -19 13Tuvalu 0 37 50 0 0 25 14 -47 14 56Timor-Leste 20 20 -35 96 20 300 22 10 1 1Memorandum item World b 18255000 12 -22 22 20 18438000 11 -23 21 19

b Includes significant re-exports or imports for re-export

Table I21

Note Data for 2011 are largely estimated

Annual percentage change Annual percentage change

Merchandise exports and imports of least-developed countries 2011

(Million dollars and percentage)

Exports Imports

a Bhutan is included for its exports of electric current

Value Value

2011 2005-11 2009 2010 2011 2011 2005-11 2009 2010 2011

LDCs 202559 20 -24 27 25 205856 19 -5 10 22Oil Exporters aAngola 65500 22 -36 24 29 22000 21 8 -26 32Equatorial Guinea 13300 13 -40 9 34 6000 36 33 10 5Yemen 11600 16 -17 34 38 8500 10 -13 0 -8Sudan 9694 15 -29 38 -15 9231 6 4 4 -8Myanmar 9330 20 -3 30 7 8000 33 2 9 66Chad 4600 8 -33 25 31 2400 20 0 5 14Bhutan 650 20 -5 29 1 950 20 -3 61 11Exporters of manufacturesBangladesh 24436 21 -2 27 27 36188 21 -8 27 30Cambodia 6950 18 -11 23 35 9300 19 -10 16 37Madagascar 1590 13 -20 2 48 2850 11 -15 -21 13Lesotho 1100 11 -17 20 25 2600 13 3 24 13Nepal 919 1 -12 4 7 5774 20 22 17 12Haiti 770 10 20 0 33 2900 15 -8 48 -8Samoa 54 -9 -36 29 -9 346 8 -20 34 12Exporters of agricultureEthiopia 2615 24 1 44 12 8896 17 -7 12 3Uganda 2200 22 -9 3 36 5360 21 -6 10 15Burkina Faso 2000 34 30 43 55 2600 16 -7 10 27Benin 1800 25 -4 13 29 2700 22 -10 5 25Malawi 1427 23 35 -10 34 2426 16 -8 7 12Togo 1100 11 -6 0 38 1700 10 0 -1 13Rwanda 464 30 -13 27 56 1776 33 11 9 24Somalia 450 12 0 7 0 1100 12 -16 12 31Solomon Islands 413 32 -21 36 85 467 20 -9 43 15Liberia 358 22 -39 49 61 1044 28 -32 29 47Afghanistan 350 -2 -25 -4 -10 6300 21 10 54 22Guinea-Bissau 230 21 -5 -1 92 300 23 16 -4 36Central African Republic 160 5 -20 17 14 380 17 -10 11 27Burundi 125 17 17 50 23 752 23 0 26 48Gambia 95 64 383 -47 171 344 6 -6 -6 21Vanuatu 64 11 0 -15 31 288 14 -6 -4 2Comoros 25 16 129 38 22 277 23 17 11 19Kiribati 20 36 40 -29 33 110 8 -8 8 50Sao Tome and Principe 11 10 -24 36 0 125 20 -9 9 11Exporters of non-fuel mineralsZambia 9015 38 -15 67 25 7178 23 -24 39 35Congo Dem Rep of 6600 22 -20 51 25 5500 15 -9 15 22Tanzania 5098 25 -4 45 18 10724 27 -17 22 37Mozambique 3600 15 -30 57 24 6300 21 -6 22 37Mauritania 2769 35 -24 52 34 2464 12 -23 29 27Lao Peoples Dem Rep 2400 34 -4 66 37 2700 25 4 41 31Mali 2391 17 -15 13 20 3250 16 -26 15 14Guinea 1630 14 -22 40 11 2106 21 -22 33 50Niger 1250 21 10 4 20 2400 21 30 5 4Eritrea 400 104 0 9 hellip 900 13 -2 17 30Sierra Leone 350 17 7 48 2 1708 38 -3 48 122OthersSenegal 2542 10 -7 7 18 5909 11 -28 1 24Djibouti 95 19 13 10 12 410 8 -21 -19 13Tuvalu 0 37 50 0 0 25 14 -47 14 56Timor-Leste 20 20 -35 96 20 300 22 10 1 1Memorandum item World b 18255000 12 -22 22 20 18438000 11 -23 21 19

b Includes significant re-exports or imports for re-export

Table I21

Note Data for 2011 are largely estimated

Annual percentage change Annual percentage change

Merchandise exports and imports of least-developed countries 2011

(Million dollars and percentage)

Exports Imports

a Bhutan is included for its exports of electric current

Table I21 (continued)

44 World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Table I22

(Million dollars and percentage)

Value Value Value

2011 2010 2011 2011 2010 2011 2011 2010 2011

A Agricultural products

Total LDCs 5761 5 33 Total LDCs 9577 24 32 Total LDCs 878 17 10Ethiopia 814 27 42 Myanmar 2500 10 8 Liberia 196 52 22Uganda 600 -3 23 Tanzania 621 24 15 Ethiopia 143 13 16Tanzania 492 -4 26 Bangladesh 594 40 50 Bangladesh 107 5 -22Senegal 463 9 46 Solomon Islands 464 52 28 Malawi 61 7 -16Bangladesh 447 18 21 Madagascar 456 3 385 Tanzania 48 -30 56Togo 403 -19 44 Lao Peoples Dem Rep 453 43 75 Togo 43 18 269Malawi 320 -4 4 Benin 416 2 94 Uganda 43 43 1Madagascar 317 8 4 Burkina Faso 373 28 48 Madagascar 39 -5 -9Mozambique 312 4 55 Mozambique 363 53 20 Haiti 32 -21 43Mauritania 178 -28 61 Ethiopia 352 42 -2 Rwanda 32 35 56Zambia 169 -4 49 Cambodia 308 95 55 Sudan 27 4 12Others (38) 1247 19 40 Others (38) 2676 25 37 Others (38) 109 53 -3

B Fuels and mining products

Total LDCs 19802 10 67 Total LDCs 70073 44 21 Total LDCs 23021 20 17Angola 8964 -25 80 Angola 30970 54 11 Angola 16200 26 18Equatorial Guinea 5448 51 85 Sudan 12258 25 42 Chad 3239 3 54Mozambique 1485 115 -7 Yemen 7413 65 14 Equatorial Guinea 1722 0 -39Mauritania 905 63 54 Myanmar 3467 4 18 Yemen 644 hellip 190Yemen 545 hellip 193 Zambia 3461 72 10 Congo 599 62 14Congo 526 88 58 Equatorial Guinea 3404 -34 94 Niger 289 -76 hellipGuinea 482 8 -3 Congo 3246 100 26 Guinea 167 1 10Zambia 352 -43 393 Lao Peoples Dem Rep 1578 71 44 Madagascar 56 110 58Others (41) 1096 83 72 Others (41) 4276 60 23 Others (41) 106 50 -34

C Manufactures

Total LDCs 16445 2 38 Total LDCs 5735 23 68 Total LDCs 11564 17 18Bangladesh 11477 7 38 Bangladesh 1806 41 61 Bangladesh 6222 17 16Cambodia 1704 6 52 Myanmar 1659 31 150 Cambodia 3392 22 22Madagascar 427 -5 31 Cambodia 591 79 37 Haiti 758 3 32Niger 393 -15 52 Nepal 407 30 0 Lesotho 408 3 24Lesotho 339 31 84 Senegal 332 -26 110 Angola 169 173 26Angola 268 -53 152 Bhutan 167 33 8 Malawi 137 463 72Equatorial Guinea 215 -75 hellip Angola 118 -83 218 Equatorial Guinea 129 85 -13Congo 203 -7 42 Lao Peoples Dem Rep 111 48 30 Nepal 95 12 22Lao Peoples Dem Rep 200 10 19 Ethiopia 70 63 113 Madagascar 61 -65 -28Myanmar 193 -3 5 Tanzania 61 28 58 Lao Peoples Dem Rep 59 39 -14Ethiopia 147 -8 105 Yemen 54 105 62 Tanzania 16 62 2Liberia 130 -69 -40 Madagascar 49 4 81 Sierra Leone 16 25 79Vanuatu 129 hellip -49 Samoa 33 14 -21 Ethiopia 13 -10 35Others (36) 618 10 29 Others (36) 277 -2 61 Others (36) 88 48 -16

a Australia China Hong Kong China India Indonesia Japan Korea Republic of Malaysia New Zealand Pakistan Philippines Singapore Taipei Chinese and Thailand

Annual percentage

change

Annual percentage

change

Annual percentage

change

Imports of agricultural products fuels and manufactures of the European Union (27) Asia and North America from the least-developed countries 2011

European Union (27) Asia a North America

45World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Table I23

(Million dollars and percentage)

2010 2005 2010 2005 2010 2005 2010

Least developed countries 18700 228 215 528 524 244 261Afghanistan hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellipAngola 857 102 50 499 839 399 111Bangladesh 1209 238 144 148 67 614 789Benin 348 183 291 577 429 240 280Bhutan 67 hellip 353 hellip 600 hellip 47Burkina Faso 267 21 163 712 270 267 567Burundi 7 256 102 222 242 522 656Cambodia 1671 119 135 789 754 91 111Central African Republic hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellipChad hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellipComoros 56 121 70 610 630 270 300Congo Dem Rep of 291 120 305 33 37 847 658Djibouti 149 791 772 75 121 134 107Equatorial Guinea hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellipEritrea hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellipEthiopia 1991 590 591 213 262 197 147Gambia 88 194 417 708 358 99 225Guinea 61 344 63 hellip 34 656 903Guinea-Bissau 42 106 00 349 315 545 685Haiti 183 hellip hellip 896 910 104 90Kiribati hellip 411 hellip 318 hellip 271 hellipLao Peoples Dem Rep 489 177 105 754 781 69 115Lesotho 44 25 16 848 788 127 196Liberia 40 136 557 829 311 35 131Madagascar 980 282 303 437 313 282 384Malawi 137 287 hellip 654 hellip 59 hellipMali 356 138 20 585 575 276 404Mauritania 86 hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellipMozambique 576 283 282 411 342 306 375Myanmar 331 504 448 285 217 211 335Nepal 584 120 68 484 590 396 342Niger 126 101 66 512 838 387 96Rwanda 243 361 109 586 829 53 62Samoa 158 42 46 697 776 261 178Sao Tome and Principe 12 16 16 812 812 172 172Senegal 939 184 49 351 482 465 469Sierra Leone 60 149 403 819 431 32 166Solomon Islands 104 218 350 42 518 739 132Somalia hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellipSudan 224 34 21 887 421 79 558Tanzania 2047 183 218 678 613 139 170Timor-Leste 28 hellip 28 hellip 761 hellip 211Togo 289 550 451 140 227 310 322Tuvalu hellip 125 hellip 572 hellip 303 hellipUganda 1047 23 51 778 749 200 200Vanuatu 271 190 115 634 801 176 84Yemen 1460 161 131 633 795 206 74Zambia 311 414 489 475 401 111 111

Memorandum itemWorld 3764900 23 21 28 25 50 54

Note The improvement of the quality of data in recent years may have resulted in changes relating to the breakdown of exports of commercial services by category of services See the Metadata

Exports of commercial services of the least-developed countries by category 2010

Other commercial services

Value Share in commercial services

Commercial services Transportation services Travel

46 World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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7 Foreign affiliates statistics

(Billion dollars and percentage)

Value Annual percentage change

2006 2007 2008 2009 2005-2009 2007 2008 2009

Austria hellip 573 746 617 hellip hellip 30 -17

Belgium 635 hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip

Bulgaria hellip hellip hellip 66 hellip hellip hellip hellip

China hellip hellip 1340 hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip

Croatia a hellip hellip 47 hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip

Cyprus b hellip 05 07 09 hellip hellip 42 29

Czech Republic 306 429 551 479 14 40 29 -13

Denmark a hellip 359 415 363 hellip hellip 15 -12

Estonia 19 25 35 31 17 32 40 -12

Finland hellip 197 215 188 hellip hellip 9 -13

France hellip hellip 2500 2389 hellip hellip hellip -4

Germany hellip hellip 3317 2483 hellip hellip hellip -25

Hong Kong China c 1140 1420 1392 1419 12 25 -2 2

Hungary hellip 265 329 293 hellip hellip 24 -11

Ireland a hellip hellip 561 609 hellip hellip hellip 9

Israel d 79 85 112 109 16 8 31 -3

Italy a e 952 1142 1283 1148 10 20 12 -11

Japan f hellip hellip 190 161 hellip hellip hellip -15

Latvia 23 31 37 31 16 34 18 -15

Lithuania 29 hellip 43 33 10 hellip hellip -24

Luxembourg a hellip hellip hellip 83 hellip hellip hellip hellip

Malta a hellip hellip 10 hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip

Netherlands hellip 903 1073 950 hellip hellip 19 -11

Norway a 285 326 400 325 8 15 23 -19

Poland a hellip hellip 379 298 hellip hellip hellip -21

Portugal hellip 188 182 200 hellip hellip -3 10

Romania 90 148 219 203 hellip 65 47 -7

Slovak Republic 66 88 120 110 14 35 36 -8

Slovenia 15 21 hellip 26 hellip 39 hellip hellip

Spain hellip hellip 1177 1138 hellip hellip hellip -3

Sweden a g 529 656 707 527 3 24 8 -25

Thailand hellip 21 hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip

United Kingdom hellip hellip hellip 3682 hellip hellip hellip hellip

United States e hellip 8972 8746 7560 hellip hellip -3 -14

Memorandum item

European Union (27) a h hellip hellip hellip 13059 hellip hellip hellip hellip

Extra-EU (27) a h i j hellip hellip hellip 4754 hellip hellip hellip hellip

a Insurance activities and activities auxiliary to financial and insurance activities are not coveredb Up to 2008 hotels and restaurants activities are not coveredc Includes other incomed Output instead of sales e Fiscal year as reference period No estimation for non-response Real estate activities are not covered Also includes affiliates foreign controlled by more than 30 per centf Community social and personal services activities are included up to 2008g Community social and personal services activities are includedh Real estate activities are not coveredi Refers to the sales by foreign affiliates which are established in the EU (27) and controlled by non-EU (27) entities

Note Given the recent development of this statistical framework comparability and coverage of data may not always be complete See the Metadata Section II2

Table I24

Sales by affiliates of foreign companies - resident affiliates primarily engaged in services activities (inward FATS) 2005-2009

Excluding wholesale and retail trade as well as repair activities Some or all community social and personal services activities are also not covered For economies shown in italics data exclude all or a large part of financial intermediation activities Insurance activities andor activities auxiliary to financial and insurance activities are included unless otherwise specified Some growth rates for 2008 may be affected by the change of reporting of data in ISIC Revision 4 as compared to ISIC Revision 31 previously

j Administrative and support service activities are not included As a comparison for the European Union (27) aggregate as a whole the value of sales excluding administrative and support activities was 1070 billion dollars in 2009

47World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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(Billion dollars and percentage)

Value Annual percentage change

2006 2007 2008 2009 2006-2009 2007 2008 2009

Australia a hellip hellip hellip 195 hellip hellip hellip hellipAustria b hellip 309 375 346 hellip hellip 21 -8Belgium b hellip hellip hellip 265 hellip hellip hellip hellipCanada c 962 1171 1216 1210 10 22 4 -1Cyprus hellip 39 48 hellip hellip hellip 21 hellipCzech Republic d hellip 03 07 05 hellip hellip 121 -31Finland hellip 242 208 228 hellip hellip -14 10France hellip 3622 hellip 4011 hellip hellip hellip hellipGermany hellip 4827 5232 4887 hellip hellip 8 -7Greece e 29 39 47 41 4 32 21 -11Hungary f hellip 13 31 34 hellip hellip 135 7Israel b f 27 27 40 36 6 -2 48 -8Italy hellip 1591 1612 1890 hellip hellip 1 17Japan g hellip hellip 533 492 hellip hellip hellip -8 Korea Republic of f hellip hellip hellip 209 hellip hellip hellip hellipLatvia e 02 02 hellip 05 hellip -3 hellip hellipLithuania hellip hellip 01 02 hellip hellip hellip 12Luxembourg hellip hellip hellip 24 hellip hellip hellip hellipMalta h hellip 03 04 02 hellip hellip 22 -50Norway f hellip hellip hellip 319 hellip hellip hellip hellipPoland hellip hellip hellip 57 hellip hellip hellip hellipPortugal hellip hellip 663 hellip hellip hellip hellip hellipSlovak Republic f hellip 01 04 03 hellip hellip hellip -39Slovenia h hellip 25 hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellipSpain hellip hellip hellip 1548 hellip hellip hellip hellipSweden e hellip hellip 1215 928 hellip hellip hellip -24 United Kingdom hellip hellip hellip 5627 hellip hellip hellip hellipUnited States hellip hellip hellip 10887 hellip hellip hellip hellip

Memorandum itemExtra - EU (27) i hellip hellip hellip 14434 hellip hellip hellip hellip

Excluding wholesale and retail trade and repair activities Economies shown in italics exclude most or a large part of financial intermediation activitiesa Refers to fiscal year 2009 Financial and insurance affiliates onlyb Classified under services according to activity of parent companyc Branches are excludedd Only the first level of indirect ownership is coverede Only includes affiliates directly ownedf Part or all community social and personal services are not coveredg Fiscal year as reference period No estimation for non-response Real estate activities are not covered Also includes controlled affiliates by more than 10 per centh Includes wholesale and retail trade and repair activitiesi Refers to the sales of affiliates which are established outside the EU (27) and controlled by EU (27) entities

Table I25

Sales by foreign affiliates of resident companies - affiliates located abroad primarily engaged in services activities (outward FATS) 2005-2009

Note Given the recent development of this statistical framework comparability and coverage of data may not always be complete See the Metadata

48 World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Table I26

(Million dollars and percentage)

Value Share Value Share

2009 2009 2005-09 2008 2009 2009 2009 2005-09 2008 2009

World 1076439 1000 8 10 -4 World 659639 1000 4 3 -4European Union (27) 508480 472 hellip 8 -8 European Union (27) 373142 566 hellip 3 -3Canada 101424 94 6 9 -9 Japan 87125 132 0 5 -10Japan 65566 61 5 9 6 Canada 69958 106 6 4 2Switzerland 55928 52 9 17 -11 Switzerland 46116 70 10 -26 22Australia 38263 36 10 5 0 Bermuda 19445 29 hellip 16 -34

Above 5 769661 715 - - - Above 5 595786 903 - - -Singapore 34351 32 17 26 1 Australia 12613 19 24 14 6Mexico 30466 28 3 8 -5 India 7232 11 31 27 11Hong Kong China 29433 27 9 6 5 Korea Republic of 6800 10 27 86 -5Brazil 24708 23 6 4 13 Hong Kong China 3763 06 9 hellip hellipChina 23064 21 29 35 25 Mexico 3125 05 -2 29 -1Bermuda 16096 15 21 hellip hellip Israel 1948 03 8 2 2India 13083 12 27 34 34 Norway 1553 02 10 7 -16Korea Republic of 10169 09 8 8 -6 Brazil 972 01 5 hellip hellipTaipei Chinese 8922 08 1 16 -20 Venezuela Bolivarian Rep of 806 01 -15 hellip hellipArgentina 6283 06 10 28 2 China 624 01 16 103 2

Above 15 966236 896 - - - Above 15 635222 962 - - -Note This information refers to supply of services products to foreigners by United States owned affiliates and supply of services products to United States persons by affiliates foreign owned This differs from the FATS data presented for the United States in the tables I24 and I25 which refer to sales of foreign affiliates operating in the services sector For instance the latter include sales of goods of foreign affiliates whose primary activity is classified as a service industry but not the supply of services of those whose primary activity is classified as a manufacturing industry

Services supplied by United States affiliates established abroad (outward FATS) and by foreign affiliates in the United States(inward FATS) by economy of affiliate 2009

Annual percentage change

Annual percentage change

Supply of services abroad Supply of services in the United States

  • I World trade developments
    • Merchandise trade flows within regions outperform flows between regions
    • Moderate recovery for merchandise exports in 2011
    • US remains the leading merchandise trader
    • World exports of commercial services up by 11 in 2011
    • US remains the leading commercial services trader
    • US service supply through affiliates to emerging economies on the rise
    • List of tables I World trade developments
      • 1 Overview
      • 2 Trade by region
      • 3 Leading traders
      • 4 Bilateral trade of leading traders
      • 5 Regional trade agreements
      • 6 Least-developed countries
      • 7 Foreign affiliates statistics
US services supply through majority-owned foreign affiliates (FATS) and cross-border (BOP) to emerging economies
(Billion dollars)
2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
China (BOP) 7 8 10 13 15 16
China (FATS) 7 8 10 14 18 23
India (BOP) 4 5 7 9 10 10
India (FATS) 4 5 5 7 10 13
Leading traders in commercial services 2011
(Billion dollars)
Exports Imports Balance
1 United States 581 395 186
2 Germany 253 289 -36
3 United Kingdom 274 170 103
4 China 182 237 -54
5 France 167 143 23
6 Japan 142 166 -23
7 India 137 124 13
8 Netherlands 134 118 15
9 Ireland 109 114 -5
10 Italy 105 114 -9
Exports of commercial services by selected region 2010-2011
(Annual percentange change)
2010 2011
Africa 12 -0
North America 9 9
Middle East 11 10
Asia 23 11
Europe 4 11
C and S America and the Caribbean 15 13
CIS 13 19
World 10 11
Leading economies of merchandise trade 2011
Largest Trader 1898381 2265894
Share 27 29 28
World 18255189 18437682 36692871
(Us+chn+Germ) 4851094 5263318 10114412
2011 2011
(bn USD) EXPORTS (bn USD) IMPORTS EX+IM
Bermuda 0 13 1 910 923 Bermuda
Canada 452 452440 463 462635 915075 Canada
Mexico 350 349569 361 361068 710637 Mexico
Saint Pierre and Miquelon 0 5 0 200 205 Saint Pierre and Miquelon
United States 1480 1480432 2266 2265894 3746326 United States
0 0 0
Brazil 256 256040 237 236870 492910 Brazil
0 0 0
Antigua and Barbuda 0 45 0 480 525 Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina 84 83951 74 73938 157889 Argentina
Aruba 0 148 1 1196 1344 Aruba
Bahamas 1 835 3 2965 3800 Bahamas
Barbados 0 465 2 1805 2270 Barbados
Belize 0 376 1 831 1206 Belize
Bolivia Plurinational State of 8 8332 8 7664 15996 Bolivia Plurinational State of
British Virgin Islands 0 39 0 280 319 British Virgin Islands
Cayman Islands 0 22 1 914 936 Cayman Islands
Chile 81 81411 75 74908 156320 Chile
Colombia 57 56954 55 54675 111628 Colombia
Costa Rica 10 10408 16 16220 26628 Costa Rica
Cuba 7 6800 14 14300 21100 Cuba
Curaccedilao 1 928 2 2130 3058 Curaccedilao
Dominica 0 30 0 220 250 Dominica
Dominican Republic 9 8536 17 17423 25958 Dominican Republic
Ecuador 22 22322 24 24286 46608 Ecuador
El Salvador 5 5309 10 10118 15427 El Salvador
Falkland Islands 0 180 0 180 360 Falkland Islands
French Guiana - 0 French Guiana
Grenada 0 31 0 340 371 Grenada
Guadeloupe - 0 Guadeloupe
Guatemala 10 10401 17 16613 27014 Guatemala
Guyana 1 1129 2 1771 2900 Guyana
Haiti 1 770 3 2900 3670 Haiti
Honduras 7 7204 10 10338 17542 Honduras
Jamaica 2 1624 7 6615 8239 Jamaica
Martinique 0 0 0 Martinique
Montserrat 0 1 0 30 31 Montserrat
Netherlands Antilles - - Netherlands Antilles
Nicaragua 2 2264 5 5210 7474 Nicaragua
Panama 15 14555 22 21802 36356 Panama
Paraguay 6 5517 12 12316 17833 Paraguay
Peru 46 46269 38 38011 84280 Peru
Saint Kitts and Nevis 0 46 0 248 294 Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Lucia 0 161 1 700 861 Saint Lucia
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 0 39 0 332 370 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Sint Maarten 0 127 1 734 861 Sint Maarten
Suriname 2 2467 2 1679 4146 Suriname
Trinidad and Tobago 14 13700 9 9300 23000 Trinidad and Tobago
Uruguay 8 7947 11 10726 18673 Uruguay
Venezuela Bolivarian Rep of 93 92602 48 47600 140202 Venezuela Bolivarian Rep of
0 0 0 Europe
0 0 0 European Union (27)
0 0 0 Intra-EU (27)
0 0 0 Extra-EU (27)
Austria 178 177960 191 191037 368997 Austria
Belgium 477 476660 461 461402 938062 Belgium
0 0 0 Belgium-Luxembourg
Bulgaria 28 28156 32 32498 60654 Bulgaria
Cyprus 2 1826 9 8608 10434 Cyprus
Czech Republic 162 162260 152 151559 313819 Czech Republic
0 0 0 Czech and Slovak Fed Rep former
Denmark 113 113280 98 97780 211060 Denmark
Estonia 17 16734 18 17583 34317 Estonia
Finland 79 78873 84 84135 163008 Finland
France 596 596068 714 713859 1309927 France
0 0 0 German Dem Rep former
Germany 1472 1472281 1254 1253940 2726221 Germany
Greece 32 31603 61 60619 92223 Greece
Hungary 112 112217 103 102589 214807 Hungary
Ireland 127 126923 67 66544 193467 Ireland
Italy 523 523183 557 557468 1080650 Italy
Latvia 13 13124 16 16204 29329 Latvia
Lithuania 28 28076 32 31510 59587 Lithuania
Luxembourg 22 21778 29 28722 50500 Luxembourg
Malta 4 4386 6 6293 10678 Malta
Netherlands 661 661015 599 598683 1259698 Netherlands
Poland 187 187405 208 207672 395077 Poland
Portugal 59 58960 80 80297 139258 Portugal
Romania 63 62687 76 76302 138989 Romania
Slovak Republic 79 79308 77 77305 156614 Slovak Republic
Slovenia 35 34749 35 35488 70238 Slovenia
Spain 309 308700 374 374242 682943 Spain
Sweden 187 187194 176 175993 363187 Sweden
United Kingdom 473 473191 638 637762 1110953 United Kingdom
0 0 0
Faeroe Islands 1 1007 1 986 1993 Faeroe Islands
Gibraltar 0 260 1 750 1010 Gibraltar
Greenland 0 475 1 899 1373 Greenland
Iceland 5 5347 5 4841 10189 Iceland
Norway 159 159253 91 90852 250106 Norway
Switzerland 234 234426 208 208280 442706 Switzerland
0 0 0
Albania 2 1948 5 5395 7343 Albania
Bosnia and Herzegovina 6 5850 11 11050 16900 Bosnia and Herzegovina
Croatia 13 13375 23 22708 36082 Croatia
FYR Macedonia 4 4455 7 7007 11463 FYR Macedonia
Montenegro 1 632 3 2544 3176 Montenegro
Serbia 12 11775 20 20139 31915 Serbia
0 0 0 Serbia and Montenegro
Turkey 135 134918 241 240842 375759 Turkey
0 0 0
0 0 0
0 0 0
0 0 0
0 0 0
Russian Federation 522 522013 324 323831 845844 Russian Federation
0 0 0
Armenia 1 1330 4 4152 5481 Armenia
Azerbaijan 34 34495 10 10166 44661 Azerbaijan
Belarus 40 40294 46 45747 86041 Belarus
Georgia 2 2189 7 7058 9247 Georgia
Kazakhstan 88 88273 38 37909 126181 Kazakhstan
Kyrgyz Republic 2 1979 4 4261 6240 Kyrgyz Republic
Moldova 2 2217 5 5191 7408 Moldova
Tajikistan 1 1257 3 3186 4443 Tajikistan
Turkmenistan 13 13000 7 7400 20400 Turkmenistan
Ukraine 68 68460 83 82594 151054 Ukraine
Uzbekistan 13 13254 10 9953 23207 Uzbekistan
0 0 0
0 0 0
South Africa 97 96848 122 121606 218454 South Africa
0 0 0
Algeria 73 73489 47 47247 120736 Algeria
Angola 66 65500 22 22000 87500 Angola
Benin 2 1800 3 2700 4500 Benin
Botswana 6 5882 7 7272 13154 Botswana
Burkina Faso 2 2000 3 2600 4600 Burkina Faso
Burundi 0 125 1 752 877 Burundi
Cameroon 5 4600 7 6500 11100 Cameroon
Cape Verde 0 73 1 947 1020 Cape Verde
Central African Republic 0 160 0 380 540 Central African Republic
Chad 5 4600 2 2400 7000 Chad
Comoros 0 25 0 277 302 Comoros
Congo 11 10700 5 5100 15800 Congo
Congo Dem Rep of 7 6600 6 5500 12100 Congo Dem Rep of
Cocircte dIvoire 11 11130 7 6720 17850 Cocircte dIvoire
Djibouti 0 95 0 410 505 Djibouti
Egypt 31 30528 59 58903 89431 Egypt
Equatorial Guinea 13 13300 6 6000 19300 Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea 0 400 1 900 1300 Eritrea
Ethiopia 3 2615 9 8896 11511 Ethiopia
Gabon 12 12000 4 3800 15800 Gabon
Gambia 0 95 0 344 438 Gambia
Ghana 13 12785 16 15968 28754 Ghana
Guinea 2 1630 2 2106 3735 Guinea
Guinea-Bissau 0 230 0 300 530 Guinea-Bissau
Kenya 6 5756 15 14782 20538 Kenya
Lesotho 1 1100 3 2600 3700 Lesotho
Liberia 0 358 1 1044 1402 Liberia
Libya 18 17500 5 5000 22500 Libya
Madagascar 2 1590 3 2850 4440 Madagascar
Malawi 1 1427 2 2426 3853 Malawi
Mali 2 2391 3 3250 5641 Mali
Mauritania 3 2769 2 2464 5233 Mauritania
Mauritius 3 2647 5 5158 7805 Mauritius
Morocco 22 21519 44 44295 65814 Morocco
Mozambique 4 3600 6 6300 9900 Mozambique
Namibia 4 4373 6 6330 10703 Namibia
Niger 1 1250 2 2400 3650 Niger
Nigeria 116 116000 55 55000 171000 Nigeria
Reunion - - Reunion
Rwanda 0 464 2 1776 2240 Rwanda
Sao Tome and Principe 0 11 0 125 136 Sao Tome and Principe
Senegal 3 2542 6 5909 8451 Senegal
Seychelles 0 483 1 750 1233 Seychelles
Sierra Leone 0 350 2 1708 2058 Sierra Leone
Somalia 0 450 1 1100 1550 Somalia
Sudan 10 9694 9 9231 18925 Sudan
Swaziland 2 2000 2 2100 4100 Swaziland
Tanzania 5 5098 11 10724 15821 Tanzania
Togo 1 1100 2 1700 2800 Togo
Tunisia 18 17847 24 23958 41805 Tunisia
Uganda 2 2200 5 5360 7560 Uganda
Zambia 9 9015 7 7178 16193 Zambia
Zimbabwe 4 3500 4 4400 7900 Zimbabwe
0 0 0
Bahrain Kingdom of 20 19650 13 12730 32380 Bahrain Kingdom of
Iran 132 131500 62 62106 193606 Iran
Iraq 83 83300 54 54000 137300 Iraq
Israel 68 67796 75 75472 143268 Israel
Jordan 8 7963 18 18301 26265 Jordan
Kuwait 104 103517 25 25268 128785 Kuwait
Lebanon 6 5664 21 20750 26414 Lebanon
Oman 47 47092 24 23860 70952 Oman
Qatar 114 114296 30 30000 144296 Qatar
Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 365 364736 132 131655 496391 Saudi Arabia Kingdom of
Syrian Arab Republic 9 8500 17 16600 25100 Syrian Arab Republic
United Arab Emirates 285 285000 205 205000 490000 United Arab Emirates
Yemen 12 11600 9 8500 20100 Yemen
0 0 0
China 1898 1898381 1743 1743484 3641865 China
India 305 304585 463 462633 767218 India
Japan 823 822564 855 854998 1677562 Japan
0 0 0
Hong Kong China 456 455650 511 510855 966504 Hong Kong China
0 0 0
0 0 0
Korea Republic of 555 555214 524 524413 1079627 Korea Republic of
Singapore 410 409503 366 365770 775273 Singapore
0 0 0
0 0 0
Taipei Chinese 308 308257 281 281438 589695 Taipei Chinese
0 0 0
Australia 270 270440 244 243699 514139 Australia
New Zealand 38 37669 37 37105 74773 New Zealand
0 0 0 Other Asia
Afghanistan 0 350 6 6300 6650 Afghanistan
American Samoa 0 310 1 690 1000 American Samoa
Bangladesh 24 24436 36 36188 60623 Bangladesh
Bhutan 1 650 1 950 1600 Bhutan
Brunei Darussalam 12 12440 3 2943 15383 Brunei Darussalam
Cambodia 7 6950 9 9300 16250 Cambodia
Cook Islands 0 3 0 84 87 Cook Islands
Fiji 1 860 2 2300 3160 Fiji
Fmr Pacific Islands - - Fmr Pacific Islands
French Polynesia 0 168 2 1796 1964 French Polynesia
Guam 0 45 1 1100 1145 Guam
Indonesia 201 200587 177 176881 377468 Indonesia
Kiribati 0 20 0 110 130 Kiribati
Korea Dem Peoples Rep of 3 3300 5 4500 7800 Korea Dem Peoples Rep of
Lao Peoples Dem Rep 2 2400 3 2700 5100 Lao Peoples Dem Rep
Macao China 1 869 8 7927 8796 Macao China
Malaysia 227 226990 188 187661 414650 Malaysia
Maldives 0 346 1 1465 1812 Maldives
Marshall Islands 0 35 0 140 175 Marshall Islands
Micronesia Federated States of 0 25 0 170 195 Micronesia Federated States of
Mongolia 5 4780 7 6527 11307 Mongolia
Myanmar 9 9330 8 8000 17330 Myanmar
Nauru 0 70 0 30 100 Nauru
Nepal 1 919 6 5774 6693 Nepal
New Caledonia 2 1703 4 3699 5401 New Caledonia
Niue 0 0 0 7 7 Niue
Northern Mariana Islands 0 3 0 90 93 Northern Mariana Islands
Pakistan 25 25344 44 44012 69356 Pakistan
Palau 0 6 0 120 126 Palau
Papua New Guinea 7 6776 5 4550 11326 Papua New Guinea
Philippines 48 48305 64 63693 111998 Philippines
Samoa 0 54 0 346 400 Samoa
Solomon Islands 0 413 0 467 880 Solomon Islands
Sri Lanka 10 10236 20 20269 30505 Sri Lanka
Thailand 229 228822 228 228498 457320 Thailand
Timor-Leste 0 20 0 300 320 Timor-Leste
Tonga 0 14 0 180 194 Tonga
Tuvalu 0 0 0 25 25 Tuvalu
Vanuatu 0 64 0 288 352 Vanuatu
Viet Nam 9690567 9690567 1067499 1067499 20365557 Viet Nam
Volume of world merchandise exports and gross domestic product 2005-2011
(Annual percentage change)
2005-11 37 23
2005 65 35
2006 86 40
2007 65 39
2008 23 13
2009 -121 -24
2010 140 38
2011 49 24
Page 2: I. World trade developments - World Trade Organization · I WORLD TRADE DEVELOPMENTS The value of world merchandise ... India proved more resilient to the global crisis than exports

12 World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Merchandise exports by region and destination 2011 (US$ billion)

Merchandise trade fl ows within regions outperform fl ows between regions

Africa

77

146

2

19205

21

102

Central amp South America amp the

Caribbean

21

169

8

200

138

18

140

Europe

199639

234

119

4667

194480

North America

37

476

15

201

38263

1103

of total world exports are from North America and Europe

of Central and South America exports sent to North America in 2011 5024

Where to fi nd moreTables I4 and A10

13World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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bull Trade within regions remains strong in North America Europe and Asia Europe has the highest level of intra-regional trade with 71 per cent of its exports remaining within Europe in 2011 A total of 53 per cent of Asian trade is exported to Asian countries while nearly 48 per cent of North Americarsquos exports are to members of the North American Free Trade Agreement

bull In South and Central America 27 per cent of exports went to other countries in the region in 2011 In the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) Africa and the Middle East the totals were 20 per cent 13 per cent and 9 per cent respectively

bull Africarsquos main destination market for export is the European Union followed by Asia and North America A little over half of CIS exports go to Europe and the Middle Eastrsquos main market is still Asia Less than a quarter of South and Central Americarsquos total exports go to North America and 22 per cent go to Asia

Asia

152

2926

110189

922

242

906

Commonwealth of Independent States

12 117

154

11409

2434

Middle East

38

660610

158

110

107

Africa

Asia

Commonwealth of Independent States

Central amp South America amp the Caribbean

Europe

Middle East

North America

All fi gures are in US$ billion

of Middle East products were exported to Asia in 201153

14 World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Moderate recovery for merchandise exports in 2011bull World merchandise exports increased by 5 per cent in volume terms in

2011 World gross domestic product (GDP) expanded by 24 per cent

bull Since 2005 world merchandise trade has grown by 37 per cent annually while GDP has risen by 23 per cent

bull Some of the growth in merchandise trade is due to trade in intermediate products that criss-cross national borders before being processed into fi nal products

Volume of world merchandise exports and gross domestic product 2005-2011

Where to fi nd moreTable I2

25

41

23

13

2005-11

2005

2006

2007

2008

2010

2011

2009

49

86

23

VOLUME OF TOTAL EXPORTS GDP

ANNUAL PERCENTAGE CHANGE ()

10 1550-5-10-15

37

5 World merchandise

import volumes grew by 5 in 2011

6 Asiarsquos merchandise

export volumes grew by 6 in 2011

34

65

39

65

38

-26

140

-121

WTO-OMC

WTO
File Attachment
Volume of world merchandise exports and gross domestic product 2005-2011

15World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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US$ 1480 bnExports

US$ 2266 bnImports

40 Germanyrsquos trade

surplus is 40 higher than Chinarsquos

bull The United States remains the worldrsquos biggest trader in merchandise with imports and exports totalling US$ 3746 billion in 2011 Its trade defi cit amounted to US$ 785 billion 52 per cent of its GDP

bull China and Germany rank second and third respectively in merchandise trade Their trade surpluses were US$ 155 billion and US$ 218 billion respectively in 2011 21 per cent and 61 per cent of their GDP

bull In contrast to 2010 Japan incurred a trade defi cit in 2011 amounting to US$ 32 billion With imports and exports totalling US$ 1678 billion it remains the fourth-largest trader in the world

US remains the leading merchandise trader

Where to fi nd moreTables A6 and A7

Leading economies of merchandise trade 2011

IMPORTS US$ BILLION

EXPORTS US$ BILLION

The United States was the worldrsquos

biggest merchandise trader in 2011

0

0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000 2200

300

700

1100

1500

1900

2300

2700

China

United States

GermanyJapan

Netherlands

France

WTO-OMC

WTO
File Attachment
Leading economies of merchandise trade 2011

16 World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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0 rise in Africarsquos

exports of commercial services in 2011

11 growth in exports

of world commercial services in 2011

bull The value of world exports of commercial services rose by 11 per cent in 2011 to US$ 4170 billion exceeding pre-crisis levels of US$ 3850 in 2008

bull Europe showed signs of recovery with annual growth of 11 per cent in 2011 In contrast Asian economies saw their growth rate halved compared with 2010 mainly due to slower growth in transportation services and other commercial services

bull North Americarsquos exports of commercial services expanded by 9 per cent in 2011 the same as in 2010 while in Africa exports stagnated following the ldquoArab Springrdquo uprising that began at the end of 2010 The CIS was the most dynamic region with exports of commercial services increasing by 19 per cent followed by South and Central America with 13 per cent

World exports of commercial services up by 11 in 2011

Where to fi nd moreTable I3

Commercial services exports 2010-2011

12

0

9

11

23

4

9

10

11

11

19

Africa

North America

Middle East

Asia

Europe

C and S America and

the Caribbean

CIS

World

2010 2011

ANNUAL PERCENTAGE CHANGE ()

13

15

10

11

13

10 15 20 2550-5

WTO-COM

WTO
File Attachment
Commercial services exports 2010-2011

17World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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US$ 976 bnUnited States

US$ 542 bnGermany

US$ 444 bnUnited Kingdom

Largest traders in commercial services

bull The United States remained the worldrsquos largest trader of commercial services in 2011 with US$ 976 billion of trade making a surplus of US$ 186 billion The United Kingdom which ranked third with US$ 444 billion recorded also a surplus of US$ 103 billion Both the United States and the United Kingdom have recorded a surplus in services every year since the 1980s

bull Germany the second-largest services trader with US$ 542 billion of trade recorded a defi cit of US$ 36 billion in 2011

bull Among the leading emerging economies China remained a net services importer in 2011 while India registered a positive balance with the value of exports exceeding imports

US remains the leading commercial services trader

Leading traders in commercial services 2011

Where to fi nd moreTable I9

289253

170 274

103

237182

143167

23

166

118

142

-23

15

13124 137

-5

114105

IMPORTS BALANCE

US$ BILLION

Germany

Netherlands

India

Japan

France

China

United Kingdom

United States

Italy

Ireland

EXPORTS

-36

-54

134

-9

100 200 300 400 500 6000-100

186395

581

109114

WTO-COM

_x0007_Exports58086382525338115727373297918243306716661184514248186513655346713352496310939800210518396700395267744289091289170426395236530995143474724165810682123723469118174129114335759113987159_x0001_0_x0007_Exports580863825253381157273732979182433067166611845142481865136553467133524963109398002105183967_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_00000395267744289091289170426395236530995143474724165810682123723469118174129114335759113987159000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000
WTO
File Attachment
Leading traders in commercial services 2011

18 World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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34 in India

25 in China

Growth of US services supply through

affi liates in 2009

bull Services supplied by US majority-owned foreign affi liates to China and India proved more resilient to the global crisis than exports of cross-border services

bull In 2009 US exports of commercial services to India decreased by 4 per cent However services supplied to India through commercial presence (ie through US majority-owned foreign affi liates established in India) rose by 34 per cent Similarly in China services supplied by US majority-owned foreign affi liates grew by 25 per cent while exports of commercial services grew by only 2 per cent

bull In contrast services supplied through US majority-owned foreign affi liates to Europe and North America declined following the same pattern as cross-border exports

US service supply through affi liates to emerging economies on the rise

Where to fi nd moreTables I15 and I26

US services supplied to China and India 2004-09

25

20

15

10

5

0

2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009

US$ BILLION

BOP Exports of commercial services as measured in the balance of payments (modes 1 2 and 4)

FATS Outward foreign affi liates statistics (mode 3)

INDIA (FATS)CHINA (BOP)CHINA (FATS) INDIA (BOP)

WTO-OMC

WTO
File Attachment
US services supplied to China and India 2004-09

19World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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List of tables

I World trade developments 1 Overview

Table I1 Growth in the volume of world merchandise exports and production 2005-2011 21

Table I2 Growth in the volume of world merchandise trade by selected region and economy 2005-2011 21

2 Trade by region

Table I3 World merchandise trade and trade in commercial services by region and selected economy 2005-2011 22

Table I4 Intra- and inter-regional merchandise trade 2011 23

Table I5 World merchandise exports by region and selected economy 1948 1953 1963 1973 1983 1993 2003 and 2011 24

Table I6 World merchandise imports by region and selected economy 1948 1953 1963 1973 1983 1993 2003 and 2011 25

3 Leading traders

Table I7 Leading exporters and importers in world merchandise trade 2011 26

Table I8 Leading exporters and importers in world merchandise trade (excluding intra-EU (27) trade) 2011 27

Table I9 Leading exporters and importers in world trade in commercial services 2011 28

Table I10 Leading exporters and importers in world trade in commercial services (excluding intra-EU (27) trade) 2011 29

4 Bilateral trade of leading traders

Table I11 Merchandise trade of Canada by origin and destination 2011 30

Table I12 Merchandise trade of the United States by origin and destination 2011 31

Table I13 Merchandise trade of the European Union (27) by origin and destination 2011 32

Table I14 Merchandise trade of Japan by origin and destination 2011 33

Table I15 Trade in commercial services of selected economies by origin and destination 2010 34

5 Regional trade agreements

Table I16 Merchandise trade of NAFTA countries by major product group and by origindestination 2011 37

Table I17 Merchandise trade of MERCOSUR countries by major product group and by origindestination 2011 38

Table I18 Merchandise trade of Andean Community countries by major product group and by origindestination 2011 39

Table I19 Merchandise trade of ASEAN countries by major product group and by origindestination 2011 40

6 Least-developed countries

Table I20 Ratio of exports of goods and commercial services to GDP of the least-developed countries 2010 41

Table I21 Merchandise exports and imports of least-developed countries 2011 42

Table I22 Imports of agricultural products fuels and manufactures of the European Union (27) Asia and North America from the least-developed countries 2011 44

20 World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

Download the datawwwwtoorgstatistics

Table I23 Exports of commercial services of the least-developed countries by category 2010 45

7 Foreign affiliates statistics

Table I24 Sales by affiliates of foreign companies - resident affiliates primarily engaged in services activities (inward FATS) 2006-2009 46

Table I25 Sales by foreign affiliates of resident companies - affiliates located abroad primarily engaged in services activities (outward FATS) 2006-2009 47

Table I26 Services supplied by United States affiliates established abroad (outward FATS) and by foreign affiliates in the United States (inward FATS) by economy of affiliate 2009 48

21World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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1 Overview

Table I1

(Annual percentage change)

2005-11 2009 2010 2011

World merchandise exports 35 -120 140 50Agricultural products 40 -20 80 40Fuels and mining products 15 -55 55 15Manufactures 45 -150 185 65

World merchandise production 20 -55 45 25Agriculture 20 05 00 20Mining 05 -15 20 15Manufacturing 20 -75 60 30

World GDP 20 -25 40 25

Growth in the volume of world merchandise exports and production 2005-2011

Note See the Metadata for the estimation of world aggregates of merchandise exports production and GDP

Table I2

(Annual percentage change)

2005-11 2010 2011 2005-11 2010 2011

35 140 50 World 35 140 50

30 150 60 North America 10 155 45-20 85 30 Canada 30 145 8535 215 45 Mexico 00 235 6545 155 70 United States 05 150 40

20 50 60 South and Central America 100 230 120

20 110 50 Europe 15 100 2520 115 50 European Union (27) 10 95 20

-20 -25 -45 Norway 35 90 5030 90 85 Switzerland 25 95 25

30 60 20 Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 90 190 165

75 230 65 Asia 60 180 6530 125 05 Australia 55 100 70

120 285 95 China 115 220 95-55 -165 70 Hong Kong China 55 175 70125 255 155 India 140 225 9530 275 -05 Japan 05 100 2065 190 65 Six East Asian traders a 35 190 35

Growth in the volume of world merchandise trade by selected region and economy 2005-2011

a Hong Kong China Malaysia Republic of Korea Singapore Separate Customs Territory of Taiwan Penghu Kinmen and Matsu (Taipei Chinese) and Thailand

Imports Exports

22 World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Exports Imports

2005-11 2010 2011 2005-11 2010 2011

Merchandise10 22 20 World 9 21 198 23 16 North America 5 23 159 21 16 United States 5 23 154 23 17 Canada 6 22 15

13 25 27 South and Central America 16 30 2514 32 27 Brazil 20 43 2413 22 23 Argentina 17 46 317 12 17 Europe 7 13 177 12 17 European Union (27) 7 13 17

10 13 20 Switzerland 9 13 1815 31 34 Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 17 25 3014 32 30 Russian Federation 17 30 3012 29 33 Ukraine 15 34 3611 29 17 Africa 14 15 2011 31 20 South Africa 12 27 2915 48 38 Nigeria a 18 30 2415 27 37 Middle East 13 14 1812 31 45 Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 14 12 2316 19 30 United Arab Emirates a 16 10 2412 31 18 Asia 13 33 2316 31 20 China 18 39 256 33 7 Japan 9 26 23

Commercial services9 10 11 World 9 10 118 9 9 North America 6 8 88 8 9 United States 6 6 75 15 11 Canada 7 15 11

11 15 13 South and Central America 15 23 1816 15 21 Brazil 22 36 2214 19 8 Argentina 14 16 177 4 11 Europe 6 3 97 4 11 European Union (27) 6 2 9

12 10 15 Switzerland 11 4 1915 13 19 Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 14 18 1914 8 20 Russian Federation 15 21 2313 24 14 Ukraine 12 10 157 12 0 Africa 14 11 125 17 6 South Africa 8 25 75 11 -19 Egypt 5 2 0

hellip 11 10 Middle East hellip 12 15hellip 10 7 Saudi Arabia Kingdom of hellip 8 819 16 9 United Arab Emirates 17 12 1812 23 11 Asia 11 21 1416 32 7 China 19 22 236 10 3 Japan 5 6 7

a Secretariat estimates

World merchandise trade and trade in commercial services by region and selected economy 2005-2011

Table I3

(Annual percentage change)

2 Trade by region

23World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Table I4

(Billion dollars and percentage)

OriginNorth

America

South and Central America Europe CIS Africa Middle East Asia World

Value

World 2923 749 6881 530 538 672 5133 17816North America 1103 201 382 15 37 63 476 2282South and Central America 181 200 138 8 21 18 169 750Europe 480 119 4667 234 199 194 639 6612Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 43 11 409 154 12 24 117 789Africa 102 19 205 2 77 21 146 594Middle East 107 10 158 6 38 110 660 1251Asia 906 189 922 110 152 242 2926 5538

Share of regional trade flows in each regions total merchandise exports

World 164 42 386 30 30 38 288 1000North America 483 88 167 07 16 28 209 1000South and Central America 242 267 183 11 28 24 225 1000Europe 73 18 706 35 30 29 97 1000Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 55 14 518 195 16 30 148 1000Africa 171 33 345 03 130 36 245 1000Middle East 86 08 126 05 30 88 528 1000Asia 164 34 167 20 28 44 528 1000

Share of each regions exports in world merchandise exports to the region

World 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000North America 377 269 56 29 70 93 93 128South and Central America 62 268 20 16 40 27 33 42Europe 164 159 678 442 371 289 124 371Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 15 14 59 291 23 35 23 44Africa 35 26 30 03 143 32 28 33Middle East 37 13 23 11 70 164 129 70Asia 310 252 134 208 283 360 570 311

Share of regional trade flows in world merchandise exports

World 164 42 386 30 30 38 288 1000North America 62 11 21 01 02 04 27 128South and Central America 10 11 08 00 01 01 09 42Europe 27 07 262 13 11 11 36 371Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 02 01 23 09 01 01 07 44Africa 06 01 12 00 04 01 08 33Middle East 06 01 09 00 02 06 37 70Asia 51 11 52 06 09 14 164 311

Intra- and inter-regional merchandise trade 2011

Destination

24 World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Table I5

1948 1953 1963 1973 1983 1993 2003 2011

Value

World 59 84 157 579 1838 3676 7377 17816 Share

World 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000

North America 281 248 199 173 168 180 158 128United States 217 188 149 123 112 126 98 83Canada 55 52 43 46 42 39 37 25Mexico 09 07 06 04 14 14 22 20

South and Central America 113 97 64 43 44 30 30 42Brazil 20 18 09 11 12 10 10 14Argentina 28 13 09 06 04 04 04 05

Europe 351 394 478 509 435 454 459 371Germany a 14 53 93 117 92 103 102 83France 34 48 52 63 52 60 53 33Italy 18 18 32 38 40 46 41 29United Kingdom 113 90 78 51 50 49 41 27

Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) b - - - - - 15 26 44Africa 73 65 57 48 45 25 24 33

South Africa c 20 16 15 10 10 07 05 05

Middle East 20 27 32 41 68 35 41 70Asia 140 134 125 149 191 261 262 311

China 09 12 13 10 12 25 59 107Japan 04 15 35 64 80 99 64 46India 22 13 10 05 05 06 08 17Australia and New Zealand 37 32 24 21 14 14 12 17Six East Asian Traders 34 30 25 36 58 97 96 98

Memorandum item EU d - - 245 370 313 374 423 339USSR Former 22 35 46 37 50 - - -GATTWTO Members e 634 696 750 841 784 893 943 938

Note Between 1973 and 1983 and between 1993 and 2003 export shares were significantly influenced by oil price developments

World merchandise exports by region and selected economy 1948 1953 1963 1973 1983 1993 2003 and 2011

b Figures are significantly affected by including the mutual trade flows of the Baltic States and the CIS between 1993 and 2003c Beginning with 1998 figures refer to South Africa only and no longer to the Southern African Customs Union

e Membership as of the year stated

a Figures refer to the Fed Rep of Germany from 1948 through 1983

(Billion dollars and percentage)

d Figures refer to the EEC(6) in 1963 EC(9) in 1973 EC(10) in 1983 EU(12) in 1993 EU(25) in 2003 and EU(27) in 2011

25World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Table I6

1948 1953 1963 1973 1983 1993 2003 2011

Value

World 62 85 164 594 1882 3786 7695 15077 Share

World 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000

North America 185 205 161 172 185 214 224 171United States 130 139 114 123 143 159 169 125Canada 44 55 39 42 34 37 32 26Mexico 10 09 08 06 07 18 23 20

South and Central America 104 83 60 44 38 33 25 40Brazil 18 16 09 12 09 07 07 13Argentina 25 09 06 04 02 04 02 04

Europe 453 437 520 533 442 446 450 381Germany a 22 45 80 92 81 90 79 69France 55 49 53 64 56 57 52 40United Kingdom 134 110 85 65 53 55 52 35Italy 25 28 46 47 42 39 39 31

Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) b - - - - - 12 17 30Africa 81 70 52 39 46 26 22 31

South Africa c 25 15 11 09 08 05 05 07

Middle East 18 21 23 27 62 33 28 38Asia 139 151 141 149 185 237 235 309

China 06 16 09 09 11 27 54 97Japan 11 28 41 65 67 64 50 47India 23 14 15 05 07 06 09 26Australia and New Zealand 29 23 22 16 14 15 14 16Six East Asian Traders 35 37 32 39 61 103 86 95

Memorandum item EU d - - 255 371 314 353 413 346USSR Former 19 33 43 36 43 - - -GATTWTO Members e 586 669 753 855 813 887 948 959

Note Between 1973 and 1983 and between 1993 and 2003 import shares were significantly influenced by oil price developments

World merchandise imports by region and selected economy 1948 1953 1963 1973 1983 1993 2003 and 2011

b Figures are significantly affected by including the mutual trade flows of the Baltic States and the CIS between 1993 and 2003c Beginning with 1998 figures refer to South Africa only and no longer to the Southern African Customs Union

e Membership as of the year stated

a Figures refer to the Fed Rep of Germany from 1948 through 1983

(Billion dollars and percentage)

d Figures refer to the EEC(6) in 1963 EC(9) in 1973 EC(10) in 1983 EU(12) in 1993 EU(25) in 2003 and EU(27) in 2011

26 World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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3 Leading traders

Rank Exporters Value Share

Annual percentage

change Rank Importers Value Share

Annual percentage

change

1 China 1898 104 20 1 United States 2266 123 152 United States 1480 81 16 2 China 1743 95 253 Germany 1472 81 17 3 Germany 1254 68 194 Japan 823 45 7 4 Japan 855 46 235 Netherlands 661 36 15 5 France 714 39 176 France 596 33 14 6 United Kingdom 638 35 147 Korea Republic of 555 30 19 7 Netherlands 599 32 168 Italy 523 29 17 8 Italy 557 30 149 Russian Federation 522 29 30 9 Korea Republic of 524 28 2310 Belgium 477 26 17 10 Hong Kong China 511 28 16

retained imports 130 07 1611 United Kingdom 473 26 17 11 Canada a 463 25 1512 Hong Kong China 456 25 14 12 India 463 25 32

domestic exports 17 01 14 re-exports 439 24 14

13 Canada 452 25 17 13 Belgium 461 25 1714 Singapore 410 22 16 14 Spain 374 20 14

domestic exports 224 12 23 re-exports 186 10 10 15 Singapore 366 20 18

15 Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 365 20 45 retained imports 180 10 2716 Mexico 350 19 17 16 Mexico 361 20 1617 Spain 309 17 21 17 Russian Federation a 324 18 3018 Taipei Chinese 308 17 12 18 Taipei Chinese 281 15 1219 India 305 17 35 19 Australia 244 13 2120 United Arab Emirates b 285 16 30 20 Turkey 241 13 3021 Australia 270 15 27 21 Brazil 237 13 2422 Brazil 256 14 27 22 Thailand 228 12 2523 Switzerland 234 13 20 23 Switzerland 208 11 1824 Thailand 229 13 17 24 Poland 208 11 1725 Malaysia 227 12 14 25 United Arab Emirates b 205 11 2426 Indonesia 201 11 27 26 Austria 191 10 2027 Poland 187 10 17 27 Malaysia 188 10 1428 Sweden 187 10 18 28 Indonesia 177 10 3129 Austria 178 10 17 29 Sweden 176 10 1830 Czech Republic 162 09 22 30 Czech Republic 152 08 2031 Norway 159 09 22 31 Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 132 07 2332 Turkey 135 07 18 32 South Africa 122 07 2933 Iran b 132 07 30 33 Viet Nam 107 06 2634 Ireland 127 07 9 34 Hungary 103 06 1635 Nigeria b 116 06 38 35 Denmark 98 05 1536 Qatar 114 06 53 36 Norway 91 05 1737 Denmark 113 06 16 37 Finland 84 05 2238 Hungary 112 06 18 38 Ukraine 83 04 3639 Kuwait 104 06 54 39 Portugal 80 04 640 Viet Nam 97 05 34 40 Slovak Republic 77 04 1941 South Africa 97 05 20 41 Romania 76 04 2342 Venezuela Bolivarian Rep of 93 05 41 42 Israel 75 04 2343 Kazakhstan 88 05 47 43 Chile 75 04 2644 Argentina 84 05 23 44 Argentina 74 04 3145 Iraq b 83 05 59 45 Ireland 67 04 1046 Chile 81 04 15 46 Philippines 64 03 947 Slovak Republic 79 04 23 47 Iran 62 03 -448 Finland 79 04 13 48 Greece 61 03 -549 Algeria 73 04 29 49 Egypt 59 03 1150 Ukraine 68 04 33 50 Nigeria b 55 03 24

Total of above c 16887 925 - Total of above c 16851 914 - World c 18255 1000 20 World c 18438 1000 19

a Imports are valued fob b Secretariat estimates c Includes significant re-exports or imports for re-export Note For annual data 2000-2011 see Appendix A6 and A7

Table I7

Leading exporters and importers in world merchandise trade 2011

(Billion dollars and percentage)

27World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Rank Exporters Value Share

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1 Extra-EU (27) exports 2133 149 19 1 Extra-EU (27) imports 2350 162 172 China 1898 132 20 2 United States 2266 156 153 United States 1480 103 16 3 China 1743 120 254 Japan 823 57 7 4 Japan 855 59 235 Korea Republic of 555 39 19 5 Korea Republic of 524 36 236 Russian Federation 522 36 30 6 Hong Kong China 511 35 167 Hong Kong China 456 32 14 retained imports 130 09 16

domestic exports 17 01 14 re-exports 439 31 14 7 Canada a 463 32 15

8 Canada 452 32 17 8 India 463 32 329 Singapore 410 29 16 9 Singapore 366 25 18

domestic exports 224 16 23 retained imports 180 12 27 Singapore re-exports 186 13 10

10 Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 365 25 45 10 Mexico 361 25 1611 Mexico 350 24 17 11 Russian Federation a 324 22 3012 Taipei Chinese 308 21 12 12 Taipei Chinese 281 19 1213 India 305 21 35 13 Australia 244 17 2114 United Arab Emirates b 285 20 30 14 Turkey 241 17 3015 Australia 270 19 27 15 Brazil 237 16 2416 Brazil 256 18 27 16 Thailand 228 16 2517 Switzerland 234 16 20 17 Switzerland 208 14 1818 Thailand 229 16 17 18 United Arab Emirates b 205 14 2419 Malaysia 227 16 14 19 Malaysia 188 13 1420 Indonesia 201 14 27 20 Indonesia 177 12 3121 Norway 159 11 22 21 Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 132 09 2322 Turkey 135 09 18 22 South Africa 122 08 2923 Iran b 132 09 30 23 Viet Nam 107 07 2624 Nigeria b 116 08 38 24 Norway 91 06 1725 Qatar 114 08 53 25 Ukraine 83 06 3626 Kuwait 104 07 54 26 Israel 75 05 2327 Viet Nam 97 07 34 27 Chile 75 05 2628 South Africa 97 07 20 28 Argentina 74 05 3129 Venezuela Bolivarian Rep of 93 06 41 29 Philippines 64 04 930 Kazakhstan 88 06 47 30 Iran 62 04 -431 Argentina 84 06 23 31 Egypt 59 04 1132 Iraq b 83 06 59 32 Nigeria b 55 04 2433 Chile 81 06 15 33 Colombia 55 04 3434 Algeria 73 05 29 34 Iraq b 54 04 2335 Ukraine 68 05 33 35 Venezuela Bolivarian Rep of b 48 03 2036 Israel 68 05 16 36 Algeria 47 03 1737 Angola b 66 05 29 37 Belarus 46 03 3138 Colombia 57 04 43 38 Morocco 44 03 2539 Philippines 48 03 -6 39 Pakistan 44 03 1640 Oman 47 03 29 40 Peru 38 03 2641 Peru 46 03 30 41 Kazakhstan 38 03 2242 Belarus 40 03 59 42 Bangladesh 36 02 3043 New Zealand 38 03 20 43 Qatar b 30 02 2944 Azerbaijan 34 02 30 44 Kuwait 25 02 1345 Egypt 31 02 15 45 Ecuador 24 02 1846 Pakistan 25 02 18 46 Tunisia 24 02 847 Bangladesh 24 02 27 47 Oman b 24 02 1948 Ecuador 22 02 28 48 Croatia 23 02 1349 Morocco 22 02 21 49 Angola a b 22 02 3250 Bahrain Kingdom of 20 01 31 50 Panama 22 02 30

Total of above c 13871 967 - Total of above c 13876 955 -

World (excl intra-EU (27)) c 14349 1000 21 World (excl intra-EU (27)) c 14532 1000 20

a Imports are valued fob b Secretariat estimates c Includes significant re-exports or imports for re-export Note For annual data 2000-2011 see Appendix A6 and A7

Table I8

Leading exporters and importers in world merchandise trade (excluding intra-EU (27) trade) 2011

28 World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Rank Exporters Value Share

Annual percentage

change Rank Importers Value Share

Annual percentage

change

1 United States 581 139 9 1 United States 395 100 72 United Kingdom 274 66 11 2 Germany 289 73 103 Germany 253 61 9 3 China 237 60 234 China 182 44 7 4 United Kingdom 170 43 65 France 167 40 15 5 Japan 166 42 76 Japan 142 34 3 6 France 143 36 97 Spain 140 34 14 7 India 124 31 78 India 137 33 11 8 Netherlands 118 30 129 Netherlands 134 32 16 9 Ireland 114 29 710 Singapore 129 31 15 10 Italy 114 29 511 Hong Kong China 121 29 14 11 Singapore 114 29 1812 Ireland 109 26 12 12 Canada 100 25 1113 Italy 105 25 8 13 Korea Republic of 98 25 314 Switzerland 94 23 15 14 Spain 93 24 815 Korea Republic of 94 23 9 15 Russian Federation 88 22 2316 Belgium 87 21 2 16 Belgium 85 21 817 Sweden 76 18 16 17 Brazil 73 18 2218 Canada 75 18 11 18 Australia 60 15 1919 Luxembourg 72 17 9 19 Denmark 56 14 1120 Denmark 65 16 9 20 Hong Kong China 56 14 1021 Austria 61 15 13 21 Sweden 56 14 1622 Russian Federation 53 13 20 22 Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 55 14 823 Australia 51 12 8 23 Thailand 51 13 1424 Taipei Chinese 46 11 15 24 United Arab Emirates 49 12 1825 Norway 42 10 6 25 Switzerland 47 12 1926 Thailand 41 10 20 26 Norway 45 11 627 Macao China 40 09 38 27 Austria 42 11 1428 Greece 38 09 2 28 Taipei Chinese 41 10 1129 Turkey 38 09 11 29 Luxembourg 41 10 1230 Poland 37 09 13 30 Malaysia 37 09 1731 Brazil 37 09 21 31 Indonesia 32 08 2432 Malaysia 35 08 7 32 Poland 31 08 433 Finland 27 07 -1 33 Finland 26 07 -534 Israel 27 06 11 34 Mexico 25 06 1535 Portugal 26 06 14 35 Iran a 25 06 36 Czech Republic 23 06 10 36 Nigeria 22 06 1337 Hungary 22 05 12 37 Angola a 20 05 38 Indonesia 20 05 23 38 Turkey 20 05 839 Egypt 19 05 -19 39 Israel 20 05 1040 Ukraine 19 05 14 40 South Africa 19 05 7

Total of above 3740 897 - Total of above 3395 859 -World 4170 1000 11 World 3955 1000 11

Leading exporters and importers in world trade in commercial services 2011

Note Figures for a number of countries and territories have been estimated by the Secretariat Annual percentage changes and rankings are affected by continuity breaks in the series for a large number of economies and by limitations in cross-country comparability See the Metadata For annual data 2001-2011 see Appendix Tables A8 and A9

a Secretariat estimate

Table I9

(Billion dollars and percentage)

29World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Rank Exporters Value Share

Annual percentage

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Annual percentage

change

1 Extra-EU (27) exports 784 247 11 1 Extra-EU (27) imports 644 211 92 United States 581 183 9 2 United States 395 129 73 China 182 58 7 3 China 237 77 234 Japan 142 45 3 4 Japan 166 54 75 India 137 43 11 5 India 124 41 76 Singapore 129 41 15 6 Singapore 114 37 187 Hong Kong China 121 38 14 7 Canada 100 33 118 Switzerland 94 30 15 8 Korea Republic of 98 32 39 Korea Republic of 94 30 9 9 Russian Federation 88 29 23

10 Canada 75 23 11 10 Brazil 73 24 2211 Russian Federation 53 17 20 11 Australia 60 19 1912 Australia 51 16 8 12 Hong Kong China 56 18 1013 Taipei Chinese 46 15 15 13 Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 55 18 814 Norway 42 13 6 14 Thailand 51 17 1415 Thailand 41 13 20 15 United Arab Emirates 49 16 1816 Macao China 40 12 38 16 Switzerland 47 15 1917 Turkey 38 12 11 17 Norway 45 15 618 Brazil 37 12 21 18 Taipei Chinese 41 14 1119 Malaysia 35 11 7 19 Malaysia 37 12 1720 Israel 27 08 11 20 Indonesia 32 10 2421 Indonesia 20 06 23 21 Mexico 25 08 1522 Egypt 19 06 -19 22 Iran a 25 08 23 Ukraine 19 06 14 23 Nigeria 22 07 1324 Lebanon a 18 06 24 Angola a 20 07 25 Philippines 15 05 10 25 Turkey 20 06 826 Mexico 15 05 1 26 Israel 20 06 1027 South Africa 14 05 6 27 South Africa 19 06 728 Argentina 14 04 8 28 Kuwait 16 05 1529 Morocco 14 04 12 29 Argentina 16 05 1730 Croatia 12 04 10 30 Qatar 16 05 10331 Chile 12 04 14 31 Lebanon a 15 05 32 United Arab Emirates 12 04 9 32 Ukraine 14 05 1533 Cuba a 12 04 33 Chile 14 04 1834 Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 11 04 7 34 Egypt 13 04 035 New Zealand 10 03 11 35 Venezuela Bolivarian Rep of 12 04 1336 Kuwait 10 03 9 36 Viet Nam 12 04 2037 Iran a 9 03 37 Philippines 12 04 438 Viet Nam 9 03 19 38 Algeria 11 04 -439 Syrian Arab Republic a 8 02 39 New Zealand 11 04 1740 Panama 7 02 18 40 Kazakhstan 11 04 -3

Total of above 3010 949 - Total of above 2835 928 -World (excl intra-EU (27)) 3170 1000 11 World (excl intra-EU (27)) 3055 1000 12

Leading exporters and importers in world trade in commercial services (excluding intra-EU (27) trade) 2011

Note Figures for a number of countries and territories have been estimated by the Secretariat Annual percentage changes and rankings are affected by continuity breaks in the series for a large number of economies and by limitations in cross-country comparability See the Metadata For annual data 2001-2011 see Appendix Tables A8 and A9

a Secretariat estimate

Table I10

(Billion dollars and percentage)

30 World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Table I11

(Million dollars and percentage)

Destination Value Origin Value

2011 2005 2011 2010 2011 2011 2005 2011 2010 2011

Region Region

World 452440 1000 1000 23 17 World 462635 1000 1000 22 59North America 337369 846 746 22 15 North America 258684 613 559 23 13Asia 49391 65 109 23 29 Asia 93656 173 202 22 12Europe 45888 65 101 29 19 Europe 63084 140 136 13 16South and Central America 8628 11 19 37 19 South and Central America 19220 31 42 36 20Middle East 3664 05 08 -18 10 Africa 14905 18 32 42 51Africa 3524 05 08 12 7 Middle East 7970 10 17 43 50CIS 1916 02 04 33 25 CIS 5117 06 11 12 7

Economy Economy

United States 331738 839 733 22 15 United States 223133 551 482 20 13European Union (27) 40312 57 89 28 21 European Union (27) 52591 118 114 17 13China 16957 17 37 31 32 China 48657 76 105 24 13Japan 10776 21 24 22 21 Mexico 24807 37 54 48 16Mexico 5530 08 12 15 14 Japan 13193 38 29 20 1

Above 5 405312 942 896 - - Above 5 362382 819 783 - -Korea Republic of 5135 06 11 16 43 Korea Republic of 6674 14 14 14 12Hong Kong China 2990 03 07 39 64 Algeria 5543 11 12 5 59Brazil 2869 03 06 77 15 Taipei Chinese 4983 10 11 31 29Norway 2845 04 06 58 16 Peru 4455 03 10 40 26India 2645 02 06 6 32 Norway 4389 16 09 -12 59Australia 1917 04 04 9 13 Canada b 3973 09 09 31 4Taipei Chinese 1764 03 04 29 41 Brazil 3919 08 08 41 23Indonesia 1661 02 04 21 61 Switzerland 3196 05 07 -6 12Russian Federation 1512 01 03 48 31 Kazakhstan 2885 00 06 49 30United Arab Emirates 1372 01 03 -3 24 Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 2774 04 06 46 41Turkey 1284 01 03 4 57 Thailand 2703 05 06 16 16Switzerland 1151 02 03 43 -23 India 2561 05 06 17 24Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 868 01 02 -7 -9 Nigeria 2518 00 05 302 55Thailand 847 01 02 27 34 Iraq 2490 03 05 65 34Chile 827 01 02 1 45 Angola 2470 01 05 31 57Singapore 812 01 02 -15 0 Argentina 2385 01 05 145 58Malaysia 769 01 02 10 1 Malaysia 2162 07 05 9 -3Colombia 768 01 02 20 23 Chile 1931 04 04 19 6Egypt 718 01 02 9 18 Australia 1786 04 04 10 14Pakistan 696 01 02 48 31 Singapore 1572 02 03 9 42South Africa 690 01 02 16 51 Indonesia 1444 02 03 38 18Bolivarian Rep of Venezuela 613 02 01 2 13 Viet Nam 1346 01 03 23 18Bangladesh 557 00 01 5 -4 Russian Federation 1299 04 03 18 -19Philippines 545 01 01 42 -16 Turkey 1134 02 02 25 64Peru 521 01 01 23 13 Bangladesh 1072 01 02 14 32Argentina 500 00 01 80 81 Israel 993 02 02 17 2Cuba 467 01 01 36 23 South Africa 934 02 02 25 34Israel 401 01 01 22 7 Philippines 925 02 02 33 7New Zealand 385 01 01 18 23 United Arab Emirates 910 00 02 -13 hellipTrinidad and Tobago 345 00 01 25 19 Colombia 808 01 02 8 16Viet Nam 339 00 01 33 32 Bolivarian Rep of Venezuela 741 05 02 -6 -3Sri Lanka 306 00 01 15 -10 Cuba 710 01 02 44 12Morocco 303 00 01 -45 67 Cocircte dIvoire 636 00 01 108 56Ecuador 284 00 01 8 11 Equatorial Guinea 636 01 01 113 -2Ghana 269 00 01 25 55 New Zealand 556 01 01 9 28

Above 40 445288 993 984 - - Above 40 441894 961 955 - -

b In 2011 Canada reported imports from Canada accounting for nearly 1 percent of its total merchandise importsa Imports are valued fob

Merchandise trade of Canada by origin and destination 2011

Annual percentage

change

Annual percentage

change Share Share

Exports Imports a

4 Bilateral trade of leading traders

31World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Table I12

(Million dollars and percentage)

Destination Value Origin Value

2011 2005 2011 2010 2011 2011 2005 2011 2010 2011

Region Region World 1480432 1000 1000 21 16 World 2265894 1000 1000 23 15North America 479841 367 324 24 16 Asia 841716 368 371 23 10Asia 412148 268 278 28 13 North America 585684 268 258 26 14Europe 315721 227 213 11 14 Europe 416485 200 184 14 16South and Central America 166285 79 112 27 21 South and Central America 178846 75 79 20 31Middle East 58356 35 39 9 20 Middle East 106282 38 47 26 38Africa 33204 17 22 16 16 Africa 94857 39 42 35 8CIS 12908 06 09 14 40 CIS 42025 11 19 34 30

Economy Economy Canada 280710 234 190 21 13 China 417303 150 184 24 9European Union (27) 269137 207 182 9 12 European Union (27) 375512 184 166 14 15Mexico 197544 133 133 27 21 Canada 319101 168 141 23 14China 103878 46 70 32 13 Mexico 265347 100 117 30 14Japan 66160 61 45 18 9 Japan 132442 82 58 26 7

Above 5 917429 681 620 - - Above 5 1509705 684 666 - -Korea Republic of 43505 31 29 36 12 Korea Republic of 58580 26 26 25 16Brazil 42943 17 29 35 21 Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 48760 17 22 40 49Hong Kong China 36489 18 25 26 37 Bolivarian Rep of Venezuela 43863 20 19 16 31Singapore 31374 23 21 31 8 Taipei Chinese 42651 21 19 27 15Australia 27512 17 19 11 26 India 37468 11 17 39 22Taipei Chinese 25896 24 17 41 -1 Russian Federation 35511 09 16 40 34Switzerland 24446 12 17 18 18 Nigeria 34348 14 15 59 10India 21628 09 15 17 13 Brazil 32472 15 14 19 30United Arab Emirates 15886 09 11 -4 37 Malaysia 26485 20 12 11 -1Chile 15873 06 11 16 46 Thailand 25746 12 11 19 9Turkey 14632 05 10 49 39 Switzerland 24868 08 11 20 28Colombia 14315 06 10 27 19 Colombia 23721 05 10 37 46Malaysia 14217 12 10 34 2 Israel 23250 10 10 12 10Israel 13956 11 09 18 24 Indonesia 19992 07 09 27 15Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 13820 08 09 7 19 Singapore 19363 09 09 12 9Bolivarian Rep of Venezuela 12351 07 08 14 16 Viet Nam 18454 04 08 22 16Thailand 10927 08 07 30 22 Iraq 17365 06 08 30 38Argentina 9878 05 07 33 33 Algeria 14913 06 07 34 0Peru 8319 03 06 37 23 Angola 13833 05 06 27 13Russian Federation 8285 04 06 11 39 Costa Rica 10370 02 05 54 16Panama 8248 02 06 39 36 Australia 10361 04 05 7 18Philippines 7706 08 05 28 4 Ecuador 10034 04 04 40 28Indonesia 7415 03 05 36 7 Chile 9728 04 04 16 27Dominican Republic 7346 05 05 24 12 South Africa 9648 03 04 40 16South Africa 7294 04 05 26 30 Philippines 9480 06 04 18 14Guatemala 6205 03 04 14 39 Norway 8563 04 04 22 19Egypt 6183 04 04 30 -10 Trinidad and Tobago 8513 05 04 25 21Honduras 6139 04 04 36 33 Kuwait 8010 03 04 41 43Costa Rica 6118 04 04 10 18 Peru 6537 03 03 21 22Ecuador 6040 02 04 39 11 Turkey 5463 03 02 15 24Nigeria 4815 02 03 10 19 Bangladesh 5082 02 02 17 12Viet Nam 4341 01 03 19 17 Argentina 4732 03 02 -3 18Norway 3632 02 02 13 17 Honduras 4692 02 02 18 14New Zealand 3497 03 02 31 24 Gabon 4659 02 02 77 105Bahamas 3418 02 02 31 6 Hong Kong China 4412 05 02 21 -1

Above 40 1412078 964 954 - - Above 40 2191633 967 967 - -

Annual percentage

change

Merchandise trade of the United States by origin and destination 2011

Annual percentage

change Share Share

Exports Imports

32 World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Table I13

(Million dollars and percentage)

Destination Value Origin Value

2011 2005 2011 2010 2011 2011 2005 2011 2010 2011

Region Region

World 6038597 1000 1000 12 17 World 6255558 1000 1000 13 17Europe 4293810 735 711 10 17 Europe 4239897 703 678 10 16Asia 575412 75 95 24 21 Asia 824999 123 132 21 10North America 433089 89 72 15 15 CIS 356204 56 57 28 36CIS 210719 25 35 22 30 North America 307863 42 49 10 16Africa 183490 26 30 10 13 Africa 203123 31 32 19 15Middle East 159228 27 26 9 15 Middle East 138009 20 22 38 44South and Central America 109472 13 18 32 21 South and Central America 132179 18 21 20 22

Economy Economy

European Union (27) 3905709 678 647 10 16 European Union (27) a 3905709 652 624 10 16United States 362942 77 60 13 13 China 406867 47 65 25 9Switzerland 169376 25 28 13 21 United States 256584 48 41 7 14China 189644 16 31 31 26 Russian Federation 277571 33 44 29 31Russian Federation 150924 17 25 25 32 Switzerland 126973 20 20 7 15

Above 5 4778596 814 791 - - Above 5 4973705 801 795 - -Turkey 101192 14 17 32 25 Norway 130209 20 21 10 24Japan 68149 13 11 16 17 Japan 93933 22 15 10 8Norway 64815 10 11 6 17 Turkey 66258 11 11 11 18India 56272 07 09 21 22 Korea Republic of 50273 10 08 16 -3United Arab Emirates 45451 08 08 6 24 Brazil 52705 07 08 22 22Brazil 49734 05 08 38 20 India 54853 06 09 24 25Korea Republic of 45179 06 07 23 22 Taipei Chinese 33419 07 05 28 4Canada 41228 07 07 16 17 Algeria 38567 06 06 15 38Australia 42887 06 07 17 21 Libya 14530 06 02 33 -63Hong Kong China 42013 06 07 30 18 Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 39150 07 06 33 81Singapore 37762 05 06 14 17 Canada 31837 05 05 20 19Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 36779 05 06 16 20 Malaysia 29299 05 05 35 6South Africa 35685 06 06 27 26 Singapore 26383 05 04 22 6Mexico 33152 05 05 27 17 South Africa 24740 05 04 14 4Ukraine 29496 04 05 18 28 Thailand 24417 04 04 15 6Algeria 23952 03 04 0 16 Kazakhstan 31832 03 05 40 51Israel 23458 04 04 20 23 Nigeria 33617 02 05 32 75Taipei Chinese 22564 04 04 40 15 Indonesia 22510 03 04 13 22Morocco 21116 04 03 9 16 Iran 22749 03 04 47 18Egypt 19409 03 03 12 -1 Mexico 22658 03 04 25 30Iran 14602 04 02 3 -3 Ukraine 20977 03 03 38 38Croatia 15969 03 03 -9 17 Israel 17623 03 03 19 20Malaysia 16586 03 03 11 11 Hong Kong China 14172 03 02 7 0Tunisia 15216 02 03 17 3 Australia 16401 03 03 15 26Nigeria 17360 02 03 10 23 Chile 15255 02 02 20 22Thailand 16502 02 03 24 25 Viet Nam 17840 02 03 17 40Serbia 11925 01 02 7 21 Azerbaijan 20660 01 03 26 60Argentina 11580 01 02 48 18 Argentina 14858 02 02 8 20Indonesia 10235 01 02 16 21 Tunisia 13747 02 02 13 9Chile 10651 01 02 27 33 Morocco 12113 03 02 12 18Belarus 10046 01 02 26 14 Egypt 13248 02 02 11 38Kazakhstan 8351 01 01 -6 21 United Arab Emirates 12321 03 02 47 60Libya 2924 01 00 1 -67 Iraq 13171 01 02 6 39Qatar 6800 01 01 -4 -4 Qatar 18700 00 03 136 79Gibraltar 11057 01 02 35 72 Bangladesh 11954 01 02 9 35

Above 40 5798689 965 960 - - Above 40 6050685 970 967 - -

a The figures are affected by the INTRASTAT system of recording trade between EU member States Intra-EU (27) imports are under-recorded To compensate for this under-recording intra-EU (27) exports have been used to obtain total (World) imports

Exports Imports

Merchandise trade of the European Union (27) by origin and destination 2011

Annual percentage

change

Annual percentage

change Share Share

33World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Table I14

(Million dollars and percentage)

Destination Value Origin Value

2011 2005 2011 2010 2011 2011 2005 2011 2010 2011

Region Region

World 822564 1000 1000 33 7 World 854998 1000 1000 26 23Asia 482969 510 587 37 7 Asia 442550 499 518 28 22North America 146824 255 178 27 5 Middle East 161154 169 188 28 36Europe 109819 157 134 21 11 North America 93078 149 109 15 12South and Central America 17843 16 22 47 0 Europe 91331 127 107 12 20Middle East 24562 28 30 17 -3 South and Central America 29275 24 34 45 28Africa 9899 12 12 26 -2 CIS 20005 13 23 78 17CIS 13760 09 17 122 51 Africa 17106 19 20 28 46

Economy Economy

China 162062 135 197 36 8 China 183818 210 215 25 20United States 127679 229 155 26 6 European Union (27) 80228 114 94 12 21European Union (27) 95909 148 117 20 10 United States 76141 127 89 14 10Korea Republic of 66167 78 80 32 6 Australia 56472 47 66 29 26Taipei Chinese 50961 73 62 44 -3 Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 50514 56 59 23 40

Above 5 502778 662 611 - - Above 5 447173 553 523 - -Hong Kong China a 42954 60 52 33 2 United Arab Emirates 42909 49 50 29 46Thailand 37531 38 46 54 10 Korea Republic of 39798 47 47 30 39Singapore 27265 31 33 22 8 Indonesia 34061 40 40 29 21Malaysia 18796 21 23 37 7 Malaysia 30463 28 36 36 34Australia 17818 21 22 30 12 Qatar 30083 21 35 37 38Indonesia 17739 15 22 71 11 Thailand 24508 30 29 31 17Panama 14939 12 18 21 -4 Taipei Chinese 23254 35 27 26 1Russian Federation 11819 08 14 144 48 Russian Federation 18972 12 22 82 18Philippines 11229 15 14 35 1 Kuwait 13113 15 15 15 27India 11079 06 13 43 23 Canada 12954 17 15 19 19Mexico 10229 12 12 39 8 Iran Islamic Rep of 12902 20 15 20 15Viet Nam 9595 06 12 25 17 Brazil 12795 09 15 55 30Switzerland 9230 04 11 24 19 Viet Nam 11556 09 14 17 41Canada 8911 15 11 20 -4 Chile 9977 10 12 43 32United Arab Emirates 7438 08 09 13 1 Philippines 8921 15 10 23 13Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 6497 07 08 20 0 Singapore 8671 13 10 34 6Brazil 6207 05 08 46 0 South Africa 8427 11 10 44 17South Africa 4316 06 05 47 13 Switzerland 7837 10 09 8 15Liberia 3300 02 04 32 69 India 6812 06 08 52 20Turkey 3071 04 04 59 20 Brunei Darussalam 5542 04 06 19 40Oman 2796 02 03 34 -11 Oman 5145 05 06 37 14Chile 2346 02 03 103 -14 Mexico 3984 05 05 24 14Israel 2181 02 03 56 23 Iraq 3728 01 04 143 9New Zealand 1925 04 02 26 1 New Zealand 3106 05 04 27 15Marshall Islands 1868 00 02 138 -6 Peru 2393 01 03 28 13Iran Islamic Rep of 1709 02 02 27 -18 Norway 2350 02 03 18 21Pakistan 1699 03 02 30 29 Sudan 2264 04 03 13 86Colombia 1497 01 02 60 20 Nigeria 1657 02 02 1 206Norway 1427 02 02 5 29 Hong Kong China 1543 03 02 38 1Kuwait 1349 02 02 16 -5 Equatorial Guinea 1323 00 02 -54 268Egypt 1344 01 02 7 -8 Israel 1081 02 01 2 30Bangladesh 1075 01 01 34 5 Argentina 1078 01 01 58 8Qatar 1019 02 01 -30 -11 Papua New Guinea 944 01 01 42 -3Argentina 977 01 01 41 14 Egypt 875 00 01 52 90Sri Lanka 945 01 01 209 50 Kazakhstan 763 01 01 81 27

Above 40 806900 983 981 - - Above 40 842964 987 986 - -

a Includes significant shipments recorded as exports to Hong Kong China with China as final destination

Merchandise trade of Japan by origin and destination 2011

Annual percentage

change

Annual percentage

change Share Share

Exports Imports

34 World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Table I15

(Million dollars and percentage)

Value Share Value Share

2010 2010 2005-10 2009 2010 2010 2010 2005-10 2009 2010

European Union (27)

World 1604379 1000 6 -13 4 World 1419238 1000 6 -12 2European Union (27) 899923 561 6 -14 2 European Union (27) 828036 583 5 -12 1United States 168349 105 2 -15 2 United States 172830 122 4 -11 0Switzerland 93115 58 8 -9 4 Switzerland 67897 48 8 -9 2Russian Federation 30531 19 15 -18 19 China 21637 15 12 -15 14China 29521 18 14 -11 11 Japan 19628 14 5 -24 10

Above 5 1221439 761 - - - Above 5 1110028 782 - - -Japan 25812 16 1 -14 5 Russian Federation 18534 13 9 -23 18Norway 24353 15 6 -11 1 Turkey 18200 13 5 -15 14Australia 18874 12 12 -8 13 Norway 13836 10 4 -19 -1Singapore 17505 11 10 -14 13 Singapore 12397 09 11 -17 14Canada 17358 11 9 -11 14 Canada 12229 09 6 -18 9India 14193 09 17 -3 14 India 11420 08 13 -14 13Brazil 12915 08 17 -12 -1 Hong Kong China 9831 07 8 -22 7Hong Kong China 11713 07 2 -24 15 Australia 8914 06 4 -15 11Turkey 10534 07 12 -10 18 Egypt 8783 06 7 -14 10Korea Republic of 9966 06 6 -28 17 Brazil 7475 05 9 -7 -14

Above 15 1384662 863 - - - Above 15 1231647 868 - - -United States

World 532142 1000 8 -6 8 World 369907 1000 6 -7 6European Union (27) 169098 318 -12 -1 European Union (27) 125399 339 -12 2Canada 50521 95 9 -5 18 Bermuda 31740 86 21 36 -6Japan 44750 84 2 -4 12 Canada 25579 69 3 -11 15Mexico 24110 45 2 -11 4 Japan 23541 64 3 -14 12China 21135 40 20 6 32 Switzerland 19665 53 10 -2 6

Above 5 309614 582 - - - Above 5 225924 611 - - -Switzerland 20313 38 12 -5 8 Mexico 13730 37 -1 -13 1Brazil 16515 31 23 8 26 India 13661 37 22 -1 11Korea Republic of 15105 28 10 -1 18 China 9967 27 10 -12 22Australia 13168 25 12 0 10 Korea Republic of 7756 21 6 -12 21Bermuda 11061 21 18 14 1 Hong Kong China 6492 18 5 -20 12India 10319 19 15 -4 5 Taipei Chinese 6330 17 0 -22 24Singapore 9709 18 12 -3 38 Australia 5600 15 4 -6 5Taipei Chinese 9292 17 10 7 44 Brazil 5232 14 22 2 5Hong Kong China 5507 10 8 -1 -4 Israel 4044 11 11 1 3Venezuela Bolivarian Rep of 5013 09 14 3 -3 Singapore 3771 10 1 -9 8

Above 15 425616 800 - - - Above 15 302507 818 - - -China a

World 170248 1000 18 -12 32 World 192174 1000 18 0 22Hong Kong China 49426 290 -11 33 Hong Kong China 33777 176 0 28European Union (27) 18508 109 -19 8 European Union (27) 28500 148 -14 40Japan 11439 67 -12 20 United States 21135 110 -33 35United States 9967 59 -64 22 Japan 18233 95 3 20Taipei Chinese 7568 44 -2 18 Korea Republic of 11233 58 -3 11

Above 5 96908 569 - - - Above 5 112878 587 - - -Korea Republic of 6845 40 -28 22 Australia 8161 42 -14 36Singapore 6186 36 -4 19 Macao China 5304 28 -3 -26Macao China 2920 17 -30 -3 Taipei Chinese 5082 26 12 112Australia 1635 10 -25 49 Singapore 4806 25 17 20

Above 9 114495 673 - - - Above 9 136231 709 - - -

Trade in commercial services of selected economies by origin and destination 2010

Annual percentage change

Annual percentage change

Exports Imports

35World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Table I15 (continued)

(Million dollars and percentage)

Value Share Value Share

2010 2010 2005-10 2009 2010 2010 2010 2005-10 2009 2010

Japan

World 138705 1000 6 -14 10 World 155611 1000 5 -12 6United States 36232 261 -7 6 United States 44530 286 -9 7European Union (27) 33368 241 -21 0 European Union (27) 32374 208 -9 2Singapore 12837 93 -25 23 China 8915 57 -1 2China 10155 73 -13 29 Singapore 8086 52 -24 17Taipei Chinese 9229 67 0 37 Korea Republic of 6652 43 -28 13

Above 5 101819 734 - - - Above 5 100557 646 - - -Indonesia 3451 25 -12 91 Hong Kong China 5466 35 -27 14Korea Republic of 3414 25 -19 -10 Taipei Chinese 4642 30 -16 24Thailand 2951 21 -49 15 Australia 3615 23 -4 6Australia 2607 19 23 -5 Thailand 3051 20 -6 6Switzerland 2257 16 -32 22 Switzerland 2783 18 -16 5Canada 2109 15 -41 3 United Arab Emirates 1971 13 -21 -46India 2071 15 -19 60 Indonesia 1814 12 -4 7Hong Kong China 2061 15 -27 hellip Canada 1687 11 -9 20Brazil 1138 08 12 23 Philippines 1686 11 -14 14Malaysia 1069 08 hellip 122 Russian Federation 1445 09 86 56

Above 15 124945 901 - - - Above 15 128716 827 - - -Hong Kong China b

World 106089 1000 11 -6 23 World 50855 1000 8 -7 16China 29670 280 13 1 30 China 13481 265 8 -3 16United States 22253 210 12 -7 23 European Union (27) 8623 170 -8 14European Union (27) 19552 184 -8 22 United States 7384 145 8 -5 13Japan 6205 58 7 -8 14 Japan 4139 81 7 -13 21Taipei Chinese 4453 42 0 -19 16 Singapore 3055 60 16 -6 20

Above 5 82133 774 - - - Above 5 36682 721 - - -Australia 2881 27 14 -8 23 Australia 2562 50 4 -6 19Singapore 2835 27 10 -4 15 Taipei Chinese 2228 44 10 -5 22Korea Republic of 2531 24 11 -20 28 Canada 1346 26 7 -20 20Canada 1612 15 10 -19 22 Thailand 900 18 -1 -17 13Malaysia 1356 13 12 -11 22 Korea Republic of 892 18 2 -7 19Switzerland 1329 13 16 -3 53 Macao China 804 16 12 2 18India 1264 12 18 4 31 India 802 16 18 -15 26Indonesia 971 09 18 -9 107 Malaysia 769 15 10 2 8Thailand 930 09 5 -10 27 Switzerland 420 08 12 2 21Philippines 788 07 8 -3 15 Philippines 420 08 4 -24 16

Above 15 98630 930 - - - Above 15 47825 940 - - -Korea Republic of

World 86266 1000 12 -19 19 World 94956 1000 10 -17 19China 13728 159 18 -26 41 United States 25642 270 9 -8 19United States 13055 151 3 -18 15 European Union (27) 17884 188 11 -20 12Japan 10780 125 10 -10 27 China 10585 111 11 -19 23European Union (27) 9778 113 8 -34 28 Japan 8972 94 4 -22 20United Arab Emirates 5040 58 53 148 -8 Hong Kong China 4633 49 13 -38 28

Above 5 52381 607 - - - Above 5 67716 713 - - -Hong Kong China 4142 48 8 -28 33 Singapore 3655 38 7 -30 29Singapore 3452 40 20 -23 16 Australia 2387 25 11 -8 44Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 2172 25 26 41 -11 Viet Nam 2100 22 22 -5 33Taipei Chinese 1953 23 6 -40 55 United Arab Emirates 1751 18 29 -2 34India 1649 19 27 13 26 Canada 1569 17 4 -11 21Viet Nam 1532 18 32 -21 13 Indonesia 1520 16 18 -5 28Australia 1394 16 23 76 11 Taipei Chinese 1347 14 11 -19 36Russian Federation 1339 16 24 -47 73 Philippines 1290 14 9 -37 108Thailand 1304 15 7 -15 12 Thailand 1193 13 4 -20 34Malaysia 1004 12 13 -28 50 India 817 09 20 8 15

Above 15 72323 838 - - - Above 15 85344 899 - - -

Trade in commercial services of selected economies by origin and destination 2010

Annual percentage change

Annual percentage change

Exports Imports

36 World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Table I15 (continued)

(Million dollars and percentage)

Value Share Value Share

2010 2010 2005-10 2009 2010 2010 2010 2005-10 2009 2010

Canada World 67432 1000 4 -12 15 World 89963 1000 7 -11 15United States 36726 545 3 -10 14 United States 51903 577 6 -10 17European Union (27) 12064 179 4 -19 20 European Union (27) 14112 157 6 -11 6Japan 1150 17 -1 -24 34 Japan 1358 15 -7 -18 11

Above 3 49941 741 - - - Above 3 67373 749 - - -Russian Federation c

World 44466 1000 12 -19 8 World 71629 1000 14 -20 21European Union (27) 16785 377 11 -22 5 European Union (27) 30923 432 13 -16 16United States 3727 84 11 -2 3 Turkey 4841 68 7 -34 13Ukraine 2202 50 15 -38 5 United States 3825 53 15 -3 4Switzerland 1821 41 11 -8 18 Ukraine 3439 48 11 -9 32Kazakhstan 1499 34 16 -15 8 Egypt 2994 42 25 13 47

Above 5 26034 585 - - - Above 5 46022 642 - - -Turkey 1220 27 6 -45 1 Switzerland 2167 30 17 -6 17British Virgin Islands 1179 27 19 -11 13 China 1362 19 7 -38 37China 992 22 9 -5 20 Belarus 1097 15 21 -20 43Uzbekistan 959 22 34 -26 -10 Panama 1058 15 -6 4Tajikistan 642 14 31 -36 2 Thailand 1000 14 -12 105Belarus 598 13 15 -21 37 United Arab Emirates 876 12 16 -12 32Korea Republic of 555 12 8 -10 3 Kazakhstan 719 10 7 -24 -7Azerbaijan 504 11 20 -14 22 Korea Republic of 674 09 21 21 8Panama 476 11 28 -12 7 Israel 636 09 10 2 7Japan 472 11 -2 -11 6 British Virgin Islands 622 09 31 -31 74

Above 15 33631 756 - - - Above 15 56234 785 - - -Australia

World 46944 1000 9 -9 16 World 50036 1000 11 -15 23European Union (27) 7727 165 4 -9 14 European Union (27) 11497 230 10 -11 28China 5358 114 18 5 28 United States 8625 172 12 -13 15United States 4431 94 6 -13 10 Singapore 3192 64 7 -34 19New Zealand 2989 64 4 -16 19 New Zealand 2450 49 10 -4 11India 2845 61 25 13 0 Japan 2001 40 8 -21 23

Above 5 23349 497 - - - Above 5 27766 555 - - -Singapore 2362 50 5 -29 4 Thailand 1782 36 21 0 2Japan 1894 40 -4 -20 20 Hong Kong China 1761 35 7 -18 24Korea Republic of 1749 37 11 -9 24 Indonesia 1645 33 21 18 49Hong Kong China 1542 33 5 -4 18 China 1497 30 10 -14 33Malaysia 1507 32 9 -1 19 Switzerland 1467 29 15 -28 49Indonesia 1094 23 12 8 23 Fiji 1051 21 14 -10 42Thailand 914 19 13 7 11 Malaysia 1029 21 12 -15 37Viet Nam 857 18 35 32 32 Canada 722 14 8 -19 14Switzerland 751 16 16 -1 23 Viet Nam 638 13 15 -16 36Canada 690 15 11 -11 17 India 593 12 19 -12 15

Above 15 36709 782 - - - Above 15 39951 798 - - -

b Financial intermediation services are not allocated geographically In 2010 they represented 1 per cent of exports and 1 per cent of importsc In 2010 trade in commercial services not allocated geographically accounted for 12 per cent of exports and 15 per cent of importsNote For more information on asymmetries see the Metadata

Trade in commercial services of selected economies by origin and destination 2010

Annual percentage change

Annual percentage change

Exports Imports

a ASEAN countries accounted for 7 per cent of total commercial services exports and 9 per cent of imports

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5 Regional trade agreements

Table I16

(Million dollars and percentage)

Destination Value Value Value

2011 2005 2011 2010 2011 2011 2005 2011 2010 2011 2011 2005 2011 2010 2011

Exports

CanadaAgricultural products 60 114 133 19 15 31 89 91 17 12 29 255 254 22 19Fuels and mining products 154 257 341 31 27 126 270 373 31 24 28 186 247 32 41Manufactures 204 572 451 19 10 164 586 487 20 10 40 496 346 14 9Total exports 452 1000 1000 23 17 337 1000 1000 22 15 115 1000 1000 23 23

MexicoAgricultural products 23 59 66 13 22 18 55 63 14 20 5 81 78 12 31Fuels and mining products 69 167 198 38 39 54 152 188 34 35 16 274 244 53 55Manufactures 247 770 707 30 11 206 788 720 29 9 41 642 647 33 24Total exports 350 1000 1000 30 17 286 1000 1000 29 14 64 1000 1000 35 31

United StatesAgricultural products 168 92 114 19 18 46 78 96 13 17 122 100 122 22 18Fuels and mining products 185 56 125 45 44 58 67 121 53 47 127 50 127 42 43Manufactures 1048 810 708 18 11 361 828 753 22 12 687 800 686 16 10Total exports 1480 1000 1000 21 16 479 1000 1000 24 16 1001 1000 1000 20 16

NAFTAAgricultural products 251 93 110 19 18 95 77 86 14 16 157 113 133 22 19Fuels and mining products 409 121 179 38 36 238 162 216 36 32 171 71 145 41 44Manufactures 1499 746 657 20 11 731 730 663 24 11 768 768 651 16 11Total exports 2282 1000 1000 23 16 1102 1000 1000 25 15 1180 1000 1000 21 17

Imports

CanadaAgricultural products 37 68 81 12 14 23 70 88 10 12 15 66 72 17 18Fuels and mining products 70 120 152 34 34 28 73 108 37 37 43 194 209 32 31Manufactures 334 789 722 21 11 199 835 769 23 11 135 715 663 17 12Total imports 463 1000 1000 22 15 259 1000 1000 23 13 204 1000 1000 21 17

MexicoAgricultural products 30 74 83 16 24 24 102 125 16 24 6 38 37 18 27Fuels and mining products 47 80 130 52 42 35 96 186 56 53 12 58 67 43 17Manufactures 276 835 765 27 12 128 799 675 26 12 148 882 865 28 12Total imports 361 1000 1000 28 16 190 1000 1000 28 20 171 1000 1000 29 13

United StatesAgricultural products 137 55 61 16 18 47 77 79 17 13 91 47 54 15 20Fuels and mining products 523 194 231 31 28 175 233 299 31 27 348 180 207 31 29Manufactures 1523 715 672 22 11 335 639 572 27 9 1188 743 707 21 12Total imports 2266 1000 1000 23 15 586 1000 1000 26 14 1680 1000 1000 22 15

NAFTAAgricultural products 205 59 66 15 18 93 79 90 15 15 111 48 54 15 20Fuels and mining products 640 172 207 33 30 238 170 230 35 31 402 173 196 31 29Manufactures 2133 738 691 22 11 662 714 640 25 10 1471 750 716 21 12Total imports 3090 1000 1000 23 15 1034 1000 1000 25 15 2055 1000 1000 22 15

NAFTA Other origindestination

Annual percentage

change

Merchandise trade of NAFTA countries by major product group and by origindestination 2011

Annual percentage

change Share Share Share

Annual percentage

change

World

38 World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Table I17

(Million dollars and percentage)

Destination Value Value Value

2011 2005 2011 2010 2011 2011 2005 2011 2010 2011 2011 2005 2011 2010 2011

Exports Argentina

Agricultural products 45 475 539 23 31 5 234 238 25 34 40 532 638 23 30Fuels and mining products 8 195 97 7 -1 2 181 117 -5 23 6 198 91 1 0Manufactures 26 304 314 23 20 13 585 645 30 16 13 238 206 16 25Total exports 84 1000 1000 22 23 21 1000 1000 24 21 63 1000 1000 22 24

BrazilAgricultural products 86 296 338 19 26 2 57 54 26 19 85 322 372 19 26Fuels and mining products 78 160 304 72 38 4 77 142 8 59 74 169 324 143 0Manufactures 84 521 328 22 18 22 865 803 50 19 62 483 270 15 18Total exports 256 1000 1000 32 27 28 1000 1000 43 23 228 1000 1000 31 27

ParaguayAgricultural products 5 846 875 43 20 2 841 843 44 27 2 852 908 42 15Fuels and mining products 0 14 17 103 141 0 21 18 68 149 0 05 15 525 0Manufactures 1 138 107 42 22 0 138 139 39 30 0 138 74 48 10Total exports 6 1000 1000 43 22 3 1000 1000 43 28 3 1000 1000 43 15

UruguayAgricultural products 6 634 722 22 18 1 348 406 24 5 5 719 860 22 21Fuels and mining products 0 53 10 131 -59 0 41 27 405 -63 0 56 03 -67 0Manufactures 2 296 256 24 28 1 612 567 37 32 1 202 121 5 20Total exports 8 1000 1000 24 18 2 1000 1000 39 12 6 1000 1000 18 21

MERCOSURAgricultural products 142 353 403 21 27 10 166 182 29 26 132 380 442 21 27Fuels and mining products 86 165 244 60 33 6 111 121 5 39 80 173 266 121 0Manufactures 113 459 320 23 19 37 723 697 42 18 76 420 252 15 19Total exports 353 1000 1000 29 26 54 1000 1000 35 22 300 1000 1000 29 26

ImportsArgentina

Agricultural products 3 43 35 9 21 1 55 42 -14 17 2 36 31 31 23Fuels and mining products 12 84 156 75 92 3 101 110 69 35 9 73 176 288 0Manufactures 59 863 794 44 23 19 844 848 49 21 39 877 770 42 24Total imports 74 1000 1000 46 31 23 1000 1000 46 22 51 1000 1000 46 35

BrazilAgricultural products 14 59 60 33 25 6 284 286 21 22 8 35 38 44 26Fuels and mining products 52 222 220 63 36 2 162 97 14 18 50 228 231 127 0Manufactures 171 719 720 40 20 13 553 616 41 10 158 737 730 39 21Total imports 237 1000 1000 43 24 21 1000 1000 32 14 216 1000 1000 45 25

ParaguayAgricultural products 1 94 80 31 22 1 155 135 25 17 0 44 40 56 38Fuels and mining products 2 155 140 19 37 1 207 214 52 27 1 111 86 28 0Manufactures 10 751 779 51 20 3 637 650 52 26 6 845 872 51 18Total imports 12 1000 1000 45 23 5 1000 1000 47 25 7 1000 1000 43 21

UruguayAgricultural products 1 112 132 23 37 1 180 230 12 45 0 63 70 49 23Fuels and mining products 2 259 215 0 33 1 105 164 -74 236 2 370 248 68 0Manufactures 7 629 652 34 21 3 716 606 27 13 4 567 681 39 26Total imports 11 1000 1000 25 24 4 1000 1000 -1 34 7 1000 1000 46 19

MERCOSURAgricultural products 19 58 57 28 25 9 148 162 15 23 11 36 38 42 26Fuels and mining products 68 186 202 59 43 6 130 120 18 36 61 200 218 137 0Manufactures 246 754 736 41 21 38 722 718 45 17 207 761 740 40 22Total imports 334 1000 1000 43 25 53 1000 1000 36 20 280 1000 1000 45 26

MERCOSUR Other origindestination

Annual percentage

change

Merchandise trade of MERCOSUR countries by major product group and by origindestination 2011

Annual percentage

change Share Share Share

Annual percentage

change

World

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Table I18

(Million dollars and percentage)

Destination Value Value Value

2011 2005 2011 2010 2011 2011 2005 2011 2010 2011 2011 2005 2011 2010 2011

Exports Bolivia Plurinational State of

Agricultural products 1 220 132 -1 10 0 799 595 -5 6 1 148 88 3 13Fuels and mining products 7 642 801 36 39 0 104 364 103 49 6 709 842 35 38Manufactures 0 109 39 41 -18 0 94 41 12 10 0 111 38 44 -21Total exports 8 1000 1000 28 32 1 1000 1000 13 18 8 1000 1000 30 34

ColombiaAgricultural products 7 217 124 -3 23 0 93 100 22 23 7 231 125 -4 23Fuels and mining products 37 406 652 42 60 0 254 143 173 -9 37 422 685 41 62Manufactures 10 347 174 -3 14 3 653 756 31 17 7 314 137 -11 13Total exports 57 1000 1000 21 43 3 1000 1000 43 13 54 1000 1000 20 46

EcuadorAgricultural products 7 318 334 7 25 0 143 166 2 47 7 345 358 7 24Fuels and mining products 13 586 585 39 33 1 567 530 48 33 12 588 592 38 33Manufactures 2 71 75 40 0 1 290 302 26 16 1 38 43 55 -12Total exports 22 1000 1000 26 28 3 1000 1000 32 29 20 1000 1000 25 27

PeruAgricultural products 8 182 170 22 33 0 165 199 17 38 7 183 169 22 32Fuels and mining products 23 486 495 49 29 1 372 276 50 -1 22 491 507 49 31Manufactures 5 141 106 17 28 1 464 526 23 21 4 125 84 15 31Total exports 46 1000 1000 32 30 2 1000 1000 29 17 44 1000 1000 32 31

Andean CommunityAgricultural products 23 225 175 7 26 2 168 183 6 27 22 231 175 7 26Fuels and mining products 80 481 596 43 44 3 358 309 69 16 77 493 617 42 45Manufactures 17 210 126 6 15 5 474 507 28 18 12 185 97 0 14Total exports 134 1000 1000 26 35 9 1000 1000 34 19 125 1000 1000 26 36

Imports Bolivia Plurinational State of

Agricultural products 1 116 89 7 49 0 158 186 19 101 1 112 80 5 41Fuels and mining products 1 111 147 38 62 0 45 50 63 7 1 118 157 37 65Manufactures 6 762 761 23 39 1 793 763 18 25 5 759 760 23 41Total imports 8 1000 1000 18 42 1 1000 1000 20 33 7 1000 1000 18 43

ColombiaAgricultural products 6 104 105 19 27 1 298 212 1 13 5 90 97 23 30Fuels and mining products 5 52 88 59 66 0 129 105 52 26 4 47 87 60 70Manufactures 44 832 796 22 33 2 572 683 31 39 41 851 804 21 33Total imports 55 1000 1000 24 34 4 1000 1000 24 31 51 1000 1000 24 35

EcuadorAgricultural products 2 87 98 21 23 1 96 178 31 25 2 86 86 19 23Fuels and mining products 6 123 236 62 24 0 248 145 69 -21 5 98 249 61 31Manufactures 16 723 663 32 15 2 655 676 34 6 14 737 661 31 17Total imports 24 1000 1000 36 18 3 1000 1000 39 4 21 1000 1000 36 20

PeruAgricultural products 4 132 118 33 25 0 129 137 16 9 4 133 116 36 27Fuels and mining products 6 207 167 40 37 2 579 544 45 27 4 145 127 38 42Manufactures 27 660 707 38 24 1 291 318 35 9 26 722 748 38 24Total imports 38 1000 1000 38 26 4 1000 1000 36 18 34 1000 1000 38 27

Andean CommunityAgricultural products 13 108 106 23 27 2 166 176 13 19 11 101 100 25 28Fuels and mining products 18 113 145 51 40 3 321 257 51 15 15 87 134 51 46Manufactures 92 758 741 28 27 6 513 566 32 19 86 789 758 28 28Total imports 125 1000 1000 30 29 11 1000 1000 32 18 114 1000 1000 30 30

Andean Community Other origindestination

Annual percentage

change

Merchandise trade of Andean Community countries by major product group and by origindestination 2011

Annual percentage

change Share Share Share

Annual percentage

change

World

40 World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Table I19

(Million dollars and percentage)

Destination Value a

Value Value

2011 2005 2011 2010 2011 2011 2005 2011 2010 2011 2011 2005 2011 2010 2011

Exports Indonesia

Agricultural products 47 167 237 39 32 8 126 186 44 23 40 176 250 38 34Fuels and mining products 84 361 416 39 34 17 245 414 37 39 66 388 417 40 33Manufactures 67 469 336 22 15 16 621 382 26 9 52 435 324 21 17Total exports 201 1000 1000 32 27 42 1000 1000 32 24 159 1000 1000 32 28

MalaysiaAgricultural products 39 95 171 38 35 7 69 122 36 33 32 104 187 39 35Fuels and mining products 46 146 202 38 30 12 195 216 22 17 34 129 197 46 35Manufactures 141 749 620 22 6 37 721 655 24 6 104 759 609 21 6Total exports 227 1000 1000 26 14 56 1000 1000 25 11 171 1000 1000 27 15

PhilippinesAgricultural products 5 66 112 30 31 1 55 88 28 39 5 68 117 30 30Fuels and mining products 4 41 85 43 28 1 65 148 47 41 3 36 71 42 22Manufactures 39 890 798 34 -12 7 879 764 111 -35 32 893 805 20 -5Total exports 48 1000 1000 34 -6 9 1000 1000 98 -25 40 1000 1000 23 -1

SingaporeAgricultural products 10 19 25 26 30 4 25 33 24 36 6 17 21 28 25Fuels and mining products 86 130 211 37 42 42 175 324 48 51 45 109 159 29 35Manufactures 283 805 692 28 11 80 783 621 23 11 203 815 724 31 11Total exports 410 1000 1000 30 16 129 1000 1000 30 21 280 1000 1000 30 14

ThailandAgricultural products 48 160 208 26 35 9 126 164 41 29 39 170 222 22 37Fuels and mining products 16 55 70 29 33 9 133 175 47 37 7 34 38 10 26Manufactures 159 760 696 29 13 36 724 659 33 18 123 770 708 28 11Total exports 229 1000 1000 28 17 54 1000 1000 36 22 175 1000 1000 26 16

ASEANAgricultural products 177 95 142 32 33 33 69 105 37 27 144 104 155 31 35Fuels and mining products 267 161 215 34 36 95 200 300 35 38 172 148 186 34 35Manufactures 758 721 610 28 11 183 717 582 29 10 575 722 620 27 11Total exports 1242 1000 1000 29 18 315 1000 1000 32 18 928 1000 1000 28 18

ImportsIndonesia

Agricultural products 22 88 126 42 43 4 45 87 63 83 18 108 142 39 36Fuels and mining products 47 257 266 50 46 22 388 434 61 41 25 195 197 41 51Manufactures 106 654 597 40 23 24 566 478 33 18 81 697 645 42 25Total imports 177 1000 1000 44 31 51 1000 1000 45 31 126 1000 1000 44 30

MalaysiaAgricultural products 21 63 113 30 32 9 86 173 37 33 12 55 90 26 31Fuels and mining products 33 117 174 60 31 15 204 282 48 37 18 87 133 70 27Manufactures 130 788 692 30 8 28 688 529 44 4 102 822 755 26 9Total imports 188 1000 1000 33 14 52 1000 1000 44 16 136 1000 1000 29 13

PhilippinesAgricultural products 7 78 110 22 3 2 125 132 49 -28 5 67 104 8 24Fuels and mining products 15 156 233 31 22 3 215 207 58 -24 12 142 241 20 46Manufactures 42 764 657 27 7 10 654 660 33 4 32 789 656 25 8Total imports 64 1000 1000 27 9 15 1000 1000 41 -8 49 1000 1000 23 16

SingaporeAgricultural products 14 32 38 24 26 5 49 70 24 26 8 26 29 24 27Fuels and mining products 126 192 344 34 47 26 160 336 17 59 100 204 347 39 44Manufactures 220 761 601 24 9 45 781 581 31 -5 174 754 606 22 13Total imports 366 1000 1000 26 18 78 1000 1000 26 5 288 1000 1000 26 22

ThailandAgricultural products 15 60 66 28 27 3 64 67 24 30 13 59 66 29 26Fuels and mining products 54 216 236 33 34 12 284 297 13 31 42 200 223 40 35Manufactures 143 695 624 36 17 25 612 629 25 15 118 715 623 38 17Total imports 228 1000 1000 37 25 39 1000 1000 22 20 189 1000 1000 41 26

ASEANAgricultural products 95 60 83 30 30 29 71 109 35 30 66 56 75 29 30Fuels and mining products 292 186 253 37 40 86 239 322 31 39 206 168 233 39 40Manufactures 734 736 637 29 14 150 675 560 31 7 584 756 660 28 16Total imports 1152 1000 1000 31 21 267 1000 1000 31 16 885 1000 1000 31 23

ASEAN Other origindestination

Annual percentage

change

Merchandise trade of ASEAN countries by major product group and by origindestination 2011

Annual percentage

change Share Share Share

Annual percentage

change

World

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6 Least-developed countries

Table I20

(Million dollars and percentage)

2010 2005 2010 2005 2010 2005 2010

LDCs 609400 31 30 28 27 3 3Afghanistan 17243 hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellipAngola 82471 86 62 85 61 1 1Bangladesh 100357 16 20 15 19 1 1Benin 6558 18 25 13 20 4 5Bhutan 1516 31 40 26 36 5 4Burkina Faso 8825 10 21 9 18 1 3Burundi 2027 6 5 5 5 1 0Cambodia 11242 63 61 46 46 17 15Central African Republic 1985 11 hellip 9 7 1 hellipChad 8541 59 hellip 58 41 1 hellipComoros 541 14 14 4 4 10 10Congo Dem Rep of 13110 35 67 33 65 1 2Djibouti 1129 19 21 6 8 13 13Equatorial Guinea 14500 86 hellip 86 73 0 hellipEritrea 2117 hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellipEthiopia 29684 14 15 7 8 6 7Gambia 1050 29 24 16 16 13 8Guinea 4736 30 32 29 31 1 1Guinea-Bissau 835 16 20 16 15 1 5Haiti 6635 13 11 11 8 2 3Kiribati 151 14 hellip 5 3 9 hellipLao Peoples Dem Rep 7181 27 31 20 24 7 7Lesotho 2179 49 41 46 39 2 2Liberia 988 39 28 24 24 15 4Madagascar 8721 25 24 17 12 8 11Malawi 5054 23 28 20 25 4 3Mali 9422 26 26 21 22 5 4Mauritania 3614 31 60 29 58 3 2Mozambique 9209 31 32 27 25 5 6Myanmar 45380 33 18 31 17 2 1Nepal 16014 14 9 11 6 3 4Niger 5411 17 24 14 21 2 2Rwanda 5624 8 10 5 5 3 4Samoa 595 30 33 3 6 27 27Sao Tome and Principe 201 14 12 6 6 8 6Senegal 12855 26 24 18 17 8 7Sierra Leone 1910 21 22 15 19 6 3Solomon Islands 679 34 49 25 33 9 15Somalia hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellipSudan 66997 18 17 18 17 0 0Tanzania 22915 21 28 12 19 9 9Timor-Leste 875 hellip 5 hellip 2 hellip 3Togo 3176 37 40 30 31 7 9Tuvalu 31 hellip hellip hellip hellip 8 hellipUganda 17197 16 19 11 13 5 6Vanuatu 689 44 47 10 7 34 39Yemen 31043 40 29 38 25 2 5Zambia 16193 34 48 31 46 3 2

Memorandum item

World 63134700 28 30 23 24 5 6Note Trade in goods is derived from balance of payments statistics and does not correspond to the merchandise trade statistics given elsewhere in this report See the Metadata

Ratio of exports of goods and commercial services to GDP of the least-developed countries 2010

Commercial services

Value Ratio to GDP

Goods and commercial servicesGDP Goods

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Value Value

2011 2005-11 2009 2010 2011 2011 2005-11 2009 2010 2011

LDCs 202559 20 -24 27 25 205856 19 -5 10 22Oil Exporters aAngola 65500 22 -36 24 29 22000 21 8 -26 32Equatorial Guinea 13300 13 -40 9 34 6000 36 33 10 5Yemen 11600 16 -17 34 38 8500 10 -13 0 -8Sudan 9694 15 -29 38 -15 9231 6 4 4 -8Myanmar 9330 20 -3 30 7 8000 33 2 9 66Chad 4600 8 -33 25 31 2400 20 0 5 14Bhutan 650 20 -5 29 1 950 20 -3 61 11Exporters of manufacturesBangladesh 24436 21 -2 27 27 36188 21 -8 27 30Cambodia 6950 18 -11 23 35 9300 19 -10 16 37Madagascar 1590 13 -20 2 48 2850 11 -15 -21 13Lesotho 1100 11 -17 20 25 2600 13 3 24 13Nepal 919 1 -12 4 7 5774 20 22 17 12Haiti 770 10 20 0 33 2900 15 -8 48 -8Samoa 54 -9 -36 29 -9 346 8 -20 34 12Exporters of agricultureEthiopia 2615 24 1 44 12 8896 17 -7 12 3Uganda 2200 22 -9 3 36 5360 21 -6 10 15Burkina Faso 2000 34 30 43 55 2600 16 -7 10 27Benin 1800 25 -4 13 29 2700 22 -10 5 25Malawi 1427 23 35 -10 34 2426 16 -8 7 12Togo 1100 11 -6 0 38 1700 10 0 -1 13Rwanda 464 30 -13 27 56 1776 33 11 9 24Somalia 450 12 0 7 0 1100 12 -16 12 31Solomon Islands 413 32 -21 36 85 467 20 -9 43 15Liberia 358 22 -39 49 61 1044 28 -32 29 47Afghanistan 350 -2 -25 -4 -10 6300 21 10 54 22Guinea-Bissau 230 21 -5 -1 92 300 23 16 -4 36Central African Republic 160 5 -20 17 14 380 17 -10 11 27Burundi 125 17 17 50 23 752 23 0 26 48Gambia 95 64 383 -47 171 344 6 -6 -6 21Vanuatu 64 11 0 -15 31 288 14 -6 -4 2Comoros 25 16 129 38 22 277 23 17 11 19Kiribati 20 36 40 -29 33 110 8 -8 8 50Sao Tome and Principe 11 10 -24 36 0 125 20 -9 9 11Exporters of non-fuel mineralsZambia 9015 38 -15 67 25 7178 23 -24 39 35Congo Dem Rep of 6600 22 -20 51 25 5500 15 -9 15 22Tanzania 5098 25 -4 45 18 10724 27 -17 22 37Mozambique 3600 15 -30 57 24 6300 21 -6 22 37Mauritania 2769 35 -24 52 34 2464 12 -23 29 27Lao Peoples Dem Rep 2400 34 -4 66 37 2700 25 4 41 31Mali 2391 17 -15 13 20 3250 16 -26 15 14Guinea 1630 14 -22 40 11 2106 21 -22 33 50Niger 1250 21 10 4 20 2400 21 30 5 4Eritrea 400 104 0 9 hellip 900 13 -2 17 30Sierra Leone 350 17 7 48 2 1708 38 -3 48 122OthersSenegal 2542 10 -7 7 18 5909 11 -28 1 24Djibouti 95 19 13 10 12 410 8 -21 -19 13Tuvalu 0 37 50 0 0 25 14 -47 14 56Timor-Leste 20 20 -35 96 20 300 22 10 1 1Memorandum item World b 18255000 12 -22 22 20 18438000 11 -23 21 19

b Includes significant re-exports or imports for re-export

Table I21

Note Data for 2011 are largely estimated

Annual percentage change Annual percentage change

Merchandise exports and imports of least-developed countries 2011

(Million dollars and percentage)

Exports Imports

a Bhutan is included for its exports of electric current

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Value Value

2011 2005-11 2009 2010 2011 2011 2005-11 2009 2010 2011

LDCs 202559 20 -24 27 25 205856 19 -5 10 22Oil Exporters aAngola 65500 22 -36 24 29 22000 21 8 -26 32Equatorial Guinea 13300 13 -40 9 34 6000 36 33 10 5Yemen 11600 16 -17 34 38 8500 10 -13 0 -8Sudan 9694 15 -29 38 -15 9231 6 4 4 -8Myanmar 9330 20 -3 30 7 8000 33 2 9 66Chad 4600 8 -33 25 31 2400 20 0 5 14Bhutan 650 20 -5 29 1 950 20 -3 61 11Exporters of manufacturesBangladesh 24436 21 -2 27 27 36188 21 -8 27 30Cambodia 6950 18 -11 23 35 9300 19 -10 16 37Madagascar 1590 13 -20 2 48 2850 11 -15 -21 13Lesotho 1100 11 -17 20 25 2600 13 3 24 13Nepal 919 1 -12 4 7 5774 20 22 17 12Haiti 770 10 20 0 33 2900 15 -8 48 -8Samoa 54 -9 -36 29 -9 346 8 -20 34 12Exporters of agricultureEthiopia 2615 24 1 44 12 8896 17 -7 12 3Uganda 2200 22 -9 3 36 5360 21 -6 10 15Burkina Faso 2000 34 30 43 55 2600 16 -7 10 27Benin 1800 25 -4 13 29 2700 22 -10 5 25Malawi 1427 23 35 -10 34 2426 16 -8 7 12Togo 1100 11 -6 0 38 1700 10 0 -1 13Rwanda 464 30 -13 27 56 1776 33 11 9 24Somalia 450 12 0 7 0 1100 12 -16 12 31Solomon Islands 413 32 -21 36 85 467 20 -9 43 15Liberia 358 22 -39 49 61 1044 28 -32 29 47Afghanistan 350 -2 -25 -4 -10 6300 21 10 54 22Guinea-Bissau 230 21 -5 -1 92 300 23 16 -4 36Central African Republic 160 5 -20 17 14 380 17 -10 11 27Burundi 125 17 17 50 23 752 23 0 26 48Gambia 95 64 383 -47 171 344 6 -6 -6 21Vanuatu 64 11 0 -15 31 288 14 -6 -4 2Comoros 25 16 129 38 22 277 23 17 11 19Kiribati 20 36 40 -29 33 110 8 -8 8 50Sao Tome and Principe 11 10 -24 36 0 125 20 -9 9 11Exporters of non-fuel mineralsZambia 9015 38 -15 67 25 7178 23 -24 39 35Congo Dem Rep of 6600 22 -20 51 25 5500 15 -9 15 22Tanzania 5098 25 -4 45 18 10724 27 -17 22 37Mozambique 3600 15 -30 57 24 6300 21 -6 22 37Mauritania 2769 35 -24 52 34 2464 12 -23 29 27Lao Peoples Dem Rep 2400 34 -4 66 37 2700 25 4 41 31Mali 2391 17 -15 13 20 3250 16 -26 15 14Guinea 1630 14 -22 40 11 2106 21 -22 33 50Niger 1250 21 10 4 20 2400 21 30 5 4Eritrea 400 104 0 9 hellip 900 13 -2 17 30Sierra Leone 350 17 7 48 2 1708 38 -3 48 122OthersSenegal 2542 10 -7 7 18 5909 11 -28 1 24Djibouti 95 19 13 10 12 410 8 -21 -19 13Tuvalu 0 37 50 0 0 25 14 -47 14 56Timor-Leste 20 20 -35 96 20 300 22 10 1 1Memorandum item World b 18255000 12 -22 22 20 18438000 11 -23 21 19

b Includes significant re-exports or imports for re-export

Table I21

Note Data for 2011 are largely estimated

Annual percentage change Annual percentage change

Merchandise exports and imports of least-developed countries 2011

(Million dollars and percentage)

Exports Imports

a Bhutan is included for its exports of electric current

Value Value

2011 2005-11 2009 2010 2011 2011 2005-11 2009 2010 2011

LDCs 202559 20 -24 27 25 205856 19 -5 10 22Oil Exporters aAngola 65500 22 -36 24 29 22000 21 8 -26 32Equatorial Guinea 13300 13 -40 9 34 6000 36 33 10 5Yemen 11600 16 -17 34 38 8500 10 -13 0 -8Sudan 9694 15 -29 38 -15 9231 6 4 4 -8Myanmar 9330 20 -3 30 7 8000 33 2 9 66Chad 4600 8 -33 25 31 2400 20 0 5 14Bhutan 650 20 -5 29 1 950 20 -3 61 11Exporters of manufacturesBangladesh 24436 21 -2 27 27 36188 21 -8 27 30Cambodia 6950 18 -11 23 35 9300 19 -10 16 37Madagascar 1590 13 -20 2 48 2850 11 -15 -21 13Lesotho 1100 11 -17 20 25 2600 13 3 24 13Nepal 919 1 -12 4 7 5774 20 22 17 12Haiti 770 10 20 0 33 2900 15 -8 48 -8Samoa 54 -9 -36 29 -9 346 8 -20 34 12Exporters of agricultureEthiopia 2615 24 1 44 12 8896 17 -7 12 3Uganda 2200 22 -9 3 36 5360 21 -6 10 15Burkina Faso 2000 34 30 43 55 2600 16 -7 10 27Benin 1800 25 -4 13 29 2700 22 -10 5 25Malawi 1427 23 35 -10 34 2426 16 -8 7 12Togo 1100 11 -6 0 38 1700 10 0 -1 13Rwanda 464 30 -13 27 56 1776 33 11 9 24Somalia 450 12 0 7 0 1100 12 -16 12 31Solomon Islands 413 32 -21 36 85 467 20 -9 43 15Liberia 358 22 -39 49 61 1044 28 -32 29 47Afghanistan 350 -2 -25 -4 -10 6300 21 10 54 22Guinea-Bissau 230 21 -5 -1 92 300 23 16 -4 36Central African Republic 160 5 -20 17 14 380 17 -10 11 27Burundi 125 17 17 50 23 752 23 0 26 48Gambia 95 64 383 -47 171 344 6 -6 -6 21Vanuatu 64 11 0 -15 31 288 14 -6 -4 2Comoros 25 16 129 38 22 277 23 17 11 19Kiribati 20 36 40 -29 33 110 8 -8 8 50Sao Tome and Principe 11 10 -24 36 0 125 20 -9 9 11Exporters of non-fuel mineralsZambia 9015 38 -15 67 25 7178 23 -24 39 35Congo Dem Rep of 6600 22 -20 51 25 5500 15 -9 15 22Tanzania 5098 25 -4 45 18 10724 27 -17 22 37Mozambique 3600 15 -30 57 24 6300 21 -6 22 37Mauritania 2769 35 -24 52 34 2464 12 -23 29 27Lao Peoples Dem Rep 2400 34 -4 66 37 2700 25 4 41 31Mali 2391 17 -15 13 20 3250 16 -26 15 14Guinea 1630 14 -22 40 11 2106 21 -22 33 50Niger 1250 21 10 4 20 2400 21 30 5 4Eritrea 400 104 0 9 hellip 900 13 -2 17 30Sierra Leone 350 17 7 48 2 1708 38 -3 48 122OthersSenegal 2542 10 -7 7 18 5909 11 -28 1 24Djibouti 95 19 13 10 12 410 8 -21 -19 13Tuvalu 0 37 50 0 0 25 14 -47 14 56Timor-Leste 20 20 -35 96 20 300 22 10 1 1Memorandum item World b 18255000 12 -22 22 20 18438000 11 -23 21 19

b Includes significant re-exports or imports for re-export

Table I21

Note Data for 2011 are largely estimated

Annual percentage change Annual percentage change

Merchandise exports and imports of least-developed countries 2011

(Million dollars and percentage)

Exports Imports

a Bhutan is included for its exports of electric current

Table I21 (continued)

44 World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Table I22

(Million dollars and percentage)

Value Value Value

2011 2010 2011 2011 2010 2011 2011 2010 2011

A Agricultural products

Total LDCs 5761 5 33 Total LDCs 9577 24 32 Total LDCs 878 17 10Ethiopia 814 27 42 Myanmar 2500 10 8 Liberia 196 52 22Uganda 600 -3 23 Tanzania 621 24 15 Ethiopia 143 13 16Tanzania 492 -4 26 Bangladesh 594 40 50 Bangladesh 107 5 -22Senegal 463 9 46 Solomon Islands 464 52 28 Malawi 61 7 -16Bangladesh 447 18 21 Madagascar 456 3 385 Tanzania 48 -30 56Togo 403 -19 44 Lao Peoples Dem Rep 453 43 75 Togo 43 18 269Malawi 320 -4 4 Benin 416 2 94 Uganda 43 43 1Madagascar 317 8 4 Burkina Faso 373 28 48 Madagascar 39 -5 -9Mozambique 312 4 55 Mozambique 363 53 20 Haiti 32 -21 43Mauritania 178 -28 61 Ethiopia 352 42 -2 Rwanda 32 35 56Zambia 169 -4 49 Cambodia 308 95 55 Sudan 27 4 12Others (38) 1247 19 40 Others (38) 2676 25 37 Others (38) 109 53 -3

B Fuels and mining products

Total LDCs 19802 10 67 Total LDCs 70073 44 21 Total LDCs 23021 20 17Angola 8964 -25 80 Angola 30970 54 11 Angola 16200 26 18Equatorial Guinea 5448 51 85 Sudan 12258 25 42 Chad 3239 3 54Mozambique 1485 115 -7 Yemen 7413 65 14 Equatorial Guinea 1722 0 -39Mauritania 905 63 54 Myanmar 3467 4 18 Yemen 644 hellip 190Yemen 545 hellip 193 Zambia 3461 72 10 Congo 599 62 14Congo 526 88 58 Equatorial Guinea 3404 -34 94 Niger 289 -76 hellipGuinea 482 8 -3 Congo 3246 100 26 Guinea 167 1 10Zambia 352 -43 393 Lao Peoples Dem Rep 1578 71 44 Madagascar 56 110 58Others (41) 1096 83 72 Others (41) 4276 60 23 Others (41) 106 50 -34

C Manufactures

Total LDCs 16445 2 38 Total LDCs 5735 23 68 Total LDCs 11564 17 18Bangladesh 11477 7 38 Bangladesh 1806 41 61 Bangladesh 6222 17 16Cambodia 1704 6 52 Myanmar 1659 31 150 Cambodia 3392 22 22Madagascar 427 -5 31 Cambodia 591 79 37 Haiti 758 3 32Niger 393 -15 52 Nepal 407 30 0 Lesotho 408 3 24Lesotho 339 31 84 Senegal 332 -26 110 Angola 169 173 26Angola 268 -53 152 Bhutan 167 33 8 Malawi 137 463 72Equatorial Guinea 215 -75 hellip Angola 118 -83 218 Equatorial Guinea 129 85 -13Congo 203 -7 42 Lao Peoples Dem Rep 111 48 30 Nepal 95 12 22Lao Peoples Dem Rep 200 10 19 Ethiopia 70 63 113 Madagascar 61 -65 -28Myanmar 193 -3 5 Tanzania 61 28 58 Lao Peoples Dem Rep 59 39 -14Ethiopia 147 -8 105 Yemen 54 105 62 Tanzania 16 62 2Liberia 130 -69 -40 Madagascar 49 4 81 Sierra Leone 16 25 79Vanuatu 129 hellip -49 Samoa 33 14 -21 Ethiopia 13 -10 35Others (36) 618 10 29 Others (36) 277 -2 61 Others (36) 88 48 -16

a Australia China Hong Kong China India Indonesia Japan Korea Republic of Malaysia New Zealand Pakistan Philippines Singapore Taipei Chinese and Thailand

Annual percentage

change

Annual percentage

change

Annual percentage

change

Imports of agricultural products fuels and manufactures of the European Union (27) Asia and North America from the least-developed countries 2011

European Union (27) Asia a North America

45World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Table I23

(Million dollars and percentage)

2010 2005 2010 2005 2010 2005 2010

Least developed countries 18700 228 215 528 524 244 261Afghanistan hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellipAngola 857 102 50 499 839 399 111Bangladesh 1209 238 144 148 67 614 789Benin 348 183 291 577 429 240 280Bhutan 67 hellip 353 hellip 600 hellip 47Burkina Faso 267 21 163 712 270 267 567Burundi 7 256 102 222 242 522 656Cambodia 1671 119 135 789 754 91 111Central African Republic hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellipChad hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellipComoros 56 121 70 610 630 270 300Congo Dem Rep of 291 120 305 33 37 847 658Djibouti 149 791 772 75 121 134 107Equatorial Guinea hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellipEritrea hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellipEthiopia 1991 590 591 213 262 197 147Gambia 88 194 417 708 358 99 225Guinea 61 344 63 hellip 34 656 903Guinea-Bissau 42 106 00 349 315 545 685Haiti 183 hellip hellip 896 910 104 90Kiribati hellip 411 hellip 318 hellip 271 hellipLao Peoples Dem Rep 489 177 105 754 781 69 115Lesotho 44 25 16 848 788 127 196Liberia 40 136 557 829 311 35 131Madagascar 980 282 303 437 313 282 384Malawi 137 287 hellip 654 hellip 59 hellipMali 356 138 20 585 575 276 404Mauritania 86 hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellipMozambique 576 283 282 411 342 306 375Myanmar 331 504 448 285 217 211 335Nepal 584 120 68 484 590 396 342Niger 126 101 66 512 838 387 96Rwanda 243 361 109 586 829 53 62Samoa 158 42 46 697 776 261 178Sao Tome and Principe 12 16 16 812 812 172 172Senegal 939 184 49 351 482 465 469Sierra Leone 60 149 403 819 431 32 166Solomon Islands 104 218 350 42 518 739 132Somalia hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellipSudan 224 34 21 887 421 79 558Tanzania 2047 183 218 678 613 139 170Timor-Leste 28 hellip 28 hellip 761 hellip 211Togo 289 550 451 140 227 310 322Tuvalu hellip 125 hellip 572 hellip 303 hellipUganda 1047 23 51 778 749 200 200Vanuatu 271 190 115 634 801 176 84Yemen 1460 161 131 633 795 206 74Zambia 311 414 489 475 401 111 111

Memorandum itemWorld 3764900 23 21 28 25 50 54

Note The improvement of the quality of data in recent years may have resulted in changes relating to the breakdown of exports of commercial services by category of services See the Metadata

Exports of commercial services of the least-developed countries by category 2010

Other commercial services

Value Share in commercial services

Commercial services Transportation services Travel

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7 Foreign affiliates statistics

(Billion dollars and percentage)

Value Annual percentage change

2006 2007 2008 2009 2005-2009 2007 2008 2009

Austria hellip 573 746 617 hellip hellip 30 -17

Belgium 635 hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip

Bulgaria hellip hellip hellip 66 hellip hellip hellip hellip

China hellip hellip 1340 hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip

Croatia a hellip hellip 47 hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip

Cyprus b hellip 05 07 09 hellip hellip 42 29

Czech Republic 306 429 551 479 14 40 29 -13

Denmark a hellip 359 415 363 hellip hellip 15 -12

Estonia 19 25 35 31 17 32 40 -12

Finland hellip 197 215 188 hellip hellip 9 -13

France hellip hellip 2500 2389 hellip hellip hellip -4

Germany hellip hellip 3317 2483 hellip hellip hellip -25

Hong Kong China c 1140 1420 1392 1419 12 25 -2 2

Hungary hellip 265 329 293 hellip hellip 24 -11

Ireland a hellip hellip 561 609 hellip hellip hellip 9

Israel d 79 85 112 109 16 8 31 -3

Italy a e 952 1142 1283 1148 10 20 12 -11

Japan f hellip hellip 190 161 hellip hellip hellip -15

Latvia 23 31 37 31 16 34 18 -15

Lithuania 29 hellip 43 33 10 hellip hellip -24

Luxembourg a hellip hellip hellip 83 hellip hellip hellip hellip

Malta a hellip hellip 10 hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip

Netherlands hellip 903 1073 950 hellip hellip 19 -11

Norway a 285 326 400 325 8 15 23 -19

Poland a hellip hellip 379 298 hellip hellip hellip -21

Portugal hellip 188 182 200 hellip hellip -3 10

Romania 90 148 219 203 hellip 65 47 -7

Slovak Republic 66 88 120 110 14 35 36 -8

Slovenia 15 21 hellip 26 hellip 39 hellip hellip

Spain hellip hellip 1177 1138 hellip hellip hellip -3

Sweden a g 529 656 707 527 3 24 8 -25

Thailand hellip 21 hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip

United Kingdom hellip hellip hellip 3682 hellip hellip hellip hellip

United States e hellip 8972 8746 7560 hellip hellip -3 -14

Memorandum item

European Union (27) a h hellip hellip hellip 13059 hellip hellip hellip hellip

Extra-EU (27) a h i j hellip hellip hellip 4754 hellip hellip hellip hellip

a Insurance activities and activities auxiliary to financial and insurance activities are not coveredb Up to 2008 hotels and restaurants activities are not coveredc Includes other incomed Output instead of sales e Fiscal year as reference period No estimation for non-response Real estate activities are not covered Also includes affiliates foreign controlled by more than 30 per centf Community social and personal services activities are included up to 2008g Community social and personal services activities are includedh Real estate activities are not coveredi Refers to the sales by foreign affiliates which are established in the EU (27) and controlled by non-EU (27) entities

Note Given the recent development of this statistical framework comparability and coverage of data may not always be complete See the Metadata Section II2

Table I24

Sales by affiliates of foreign companies - resident affiliates primarily engaged in services activities (inward FATS) 2005-2009

Excluding wholesale and retail trade as well as repair activities Some or all community social and personal services activities are also not covered For economies shown in italics data exclude all or a large part of financial intermediation activities Insurance activities andor activities auxiliary to financial and insurance activities are included unless otherwise specified Some growth rates for 2008 may be affected by the change of reporting of data in ISIC Revision 4 as compared to ISIC Revision 31 previously

j Administrative and support service activities are not included As a comparison for the European Union (27) aggregate as a whole the value of sales excluding administrative and support activities was 1070 billion dollars in 2009

47World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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(Billion dollars and percentage)

Value Annual percentage change

2006 2007 2008 2009 2006-2009 2007 2008 2009

Australia a hellip hellip hellip 195 hellip hellip hellip hellipAustria b hellip 309 375 346 hellip hellip 21 -8Belgium b hellip hellip hellip 265 hellip hellip hellip hellipCanada c 962 1171 1216 1210 10 22 4 -1Cyprus hellip 39 48 hellip hellip hellip 21 hellipCzech Republic d hellip 03 07 05 hellip hellip 121 -31Finland hellip 242 208 228 hellip hellip -14 10France hellip 3622 hellip 4011 hellip hellip hellip hellipGermany hellip 4827 5232 4887 hellip hellip 8 -7Greece e 29 39 47 41 4 32 21 -11Hungary f hellip 13 31 34 hellip hellip 135 7Israel b f 27 27 40 36 6 -2 48 -8Italy hellip 1591 1612 1890 hellip hellip 1 17Japan g hellip hellip 533 492 hellip hellip hellip -8 Korea Republic of f hellip hellip hellip 209 hellip hellip hellip hellipLatvia e 02 02 hellip 05 hellip -3 hellip hellipLithuania hellip hellip 01 02 hellip hellip hellip 12Luxembourg hellip hellip hellip 24 hellip hellip hellip hellipMalta h hellip 03 04 02 hellip hellip 22 -50Norway f hellip hellip hellip 319 hellip hellip hellip hellipPoland hellip hellip hellip 57 hellip hellip hellip hellipPortugal hellip hellip 663 hellip hellip hellip hellip hellipSlovak Republic f hellip 01 04 03 hellip hellip hellip -39Slovenia h hellip 25 hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellipSpain hellip hellip hellip 1548 hellip hellip hellip hellipSweden e hellip hellip 1215 928 hellip hellip hellip -24 United Kingdom hellip hellip hellip 5627 hellip hellip hellip hellipUnited States hellip hellip hellip 10887 hellip hellip hellip hellip

Memorandum itemExtra - EU (27) i hellip hellip hellip 14434 hellip hellip hellip hellip

Excluding wholesale and retail trade and repair activities Economies shown in italics exclude most or a large part of financial intermediation activitiesa Refers to fiscal year 2009 Financial and insurance affiliates onlyb Classified under services according to activity of parent companyc Branches are excludedd Only the first level of indirect ownership is coverede Only includes affiliates directly ownedf Part or all community social and personal services are not coveredg Fiscal year as reference period No estimation for non-response Real estate activities are not covered Also includes controlled affiliates by more than 10 per centh Includes wholesale and retail trade and repair activitiesi Refers to the sales of affiliates which are established outside the EU (27) and controlled by EU (27) entities

Table I25

Sales by foreign affiliates of resident companies - affiliates located abroad primarily engaged in services activities (outward FATS) 2005-2009

Note Given the recent development of this statistical framework comparability and coverage of data may not always be complete See the Metadata

48 World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Table I26

(Million dollars and percentage)

Value Share Value Share

2009 2009 2005-09 2008 2009 2009 2009 2005-09 2008 2009

World 1076439 1000 8 10 -4 World 659639 1000 4 3 -4European Union (27) 508480 472 hellip 8 -8 European Union (27) 373142 566 hellip 3 -3Canada 101424 94 6 9 -9 Japan 87125 132 0 5 -10Japan 65566 61 5 9 6 Canada 69958 106 6 4 2Switzerland 55928 52 9 17 -11 Switzerland 46116 70 10 -26 22Australia 38263 36 10 5 0 Bermuda 19445 29 hellip 16 -34

Above 5 769661 715 - - - Above 5 595786 903 - - -Singapore 34351 32 17 26 1 Australia 12613 19 24 14 6Mexico 30466 28 3 8 -5 India 7232 11 31 27 11Hong Kong China 29433 27 9 6 5 Korea Republic of 6800 10 27 86 -5Brazil 24708 23 6 4 13 Hong Kong China 3763 06 9 hellip hellipChina 23064 21 29 35 25 Mexico 3125 05 -2 29 -1Bermuda 16096 15 21 hellip hellip Israel 1948 03 8 2 2India 13083 12 27 34 34 Norway 1553 02 10 7 -16Korea Republic of 10169 09 8 8 -6 Brazil 972 01 5 hellip hellipTaipei Chinese 8922 08 1 16 -20 Venezuela Bolivarian Rep of 806 01 -15 hellip hellipArgentina 6283 06 10 28 2 China 624 01 16 103 2

Above 15 966236 896 - - - Above 15 635222 962 - - -Note This information refers to supply of services products to foreigners by United States owned affiliates and supply of services products to United States persons by affiliates foreign owned This differs from the FATS data presented for the United States in the tables I24 and I25 which refer to sales of foreign affiliates operating in the services sector For instance the latter include sales of goods of foreign affiliates whose primary activity is classified as a service industry but not the supply of services of those whose primary activity is classified as a manufacturing industry

Services supplied by United States affiliates established abroad (outward FATS) and by foreign affiliates in the United States(inward FATS) by economy of affiliate 2009

Annual percentage change

Annual percentage change

Supply of services abroad Supply of services in the United States

  • I World trade developments
    • Merchandise trade flows within regions outperform flows between regions
    • Moderate recovery for merchandise exports in 2011
    • US remains the leading merchandise trader
    • World exports of commercial services up by 11 in 2011
    • US remains the leading commercial services trader
    • US service supply through affiliates to emerging economies on the rise
    • List of tables I World trade developments
      • 1 Overview
      • 2 Trade by region
      • 3 Leading traders
      • 4 Bilateral trade of leading traders
      • 5 Regional trade agreements
      • 6 Least-developed countries
      • 7 Foreign affiliates statistics
US services supply through majority-owned foreign affiliates (FATS) and cross-border (BOP) to emerging economies
(Billion dollars)
2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
China (BOP) 7 8 10 13 15 16
China (FATS) 7 8 10 14 18 23
India (BOP) 4 5 7 9 10 10
India (FATS) 4 5 5 7 10 13
Leading traders in commercial services 2011
(Billion dollars)
Exports Imports Balance
1 United States 581 395 186
2 Germany 253 289 -36
3 United Kingdom 274 170 103
4 China 182 237 -54
5 France 167 143 23
6 Japan 142 166 -23
7 India 137 124 13
8 Netherlands 134 118 15
9 Ireland 109 114 -5
10 Italy 105 114 -9
Exports of commercial services by selected region 2010-2011
(Annual percentange change)
2010 2011
Africa 12 -0
North America 9 9
Middle East 11 10
Asia 23 11
Europe 4 11
C and S America and the Caribbean 15 13
CIS 13 19
World 10 11
Leading economies of merchandise trade 2011
Largest Trader 1898381 2265894
Share 27 29 28
World 18255189 18437682 36692871
(Us+chn+Germ) 4851094 5263318 10114412
2011 2011
(bn USD) EXPORTS (bn USD) IMPORTS EX+IM
Bermuda 0 13 1 910 923 Bermuda
Canada 452 452440 463 462635 915075 Canada
Mexico 350 349569 361 361068 710637 Mexico
Saint Pierre and Miquelon 0 5 0 200 205 Saint Pierre and Miquelon
United States 1480 1480432 2266 2265894 3746326 United States
0 0 0
Brazil 256 256040 237 236870 492910 Brazil
0 0 0
Antigua and Barbuda 0 45 0 480 525 Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina 84 83951 74 73938 157889 Argentina
Aruba 0 148 1 1196 1344 Aruba
Bahamas 1 835 3 2965 3800 Bahamas
Barbados 0 465 2 1805 2270 Barbados
Belize 0 376 1 831 1206 Belize
Bolivia Plurinational State of 8 8332 8 7664 15996 Bolivia Plurinational State of
British Virgin Islands 0 39 0 280 319 British Virgin Islands
Cayman Islands 0 22 1 914 936 Cayman Islands
Chile 81 81411 75 74908 156320 Chile
Colombia 57 56954 55 54675 111628 Colombia
Costa Rica 10 10408 16 16220 26628 Costa Rica
Cuba 7 6800 14 14300 21100 Cuba
Curaccedilao 1 928 2 2130 3058 Curaccedilao
Dominica 0 30 0 220 250 Dominica
Dominican Republic 9 8536 17 17423 25958 Dominican Republic
Ecuador 22 22322 24 24286 46608 Ecuador
El Salvador 5 5309 10 10118 15427 El Salvador
Falkland Islands 0 180 0 180 360 Falkland Islands
French Guiana - 0 French Guiana
Grenada 0 31 0 340 371 Grenada
Guadeloupe - 0 Guadeloupe
Guatemala 10 10401 17 16613 27014 Guatemala
Guyana 1 1129 2 1771 2900 Guyana
Haiti 1 770 3 2900 3670 Haiti
Honduras 7 7204 10 10338 17542 Honduras
Jamaica 2 1624 7 6615 8239 Jamaica
Martinique 0 0 0 Martinique
Montserrat 0 1 0 30 31 Montserrat
Netherlands Antilles - - Netherlands Antilles
Nicaragua 2 2264 5 5210 7474 Nicaragua
Panama 15 14555 22 21802 36356 Panama
Paraguay 6 5517 12 12316 17833 Paraguay
Peru 46 46269 38 38011 84280 Peru
Saint Kitts and Nevis 0 46 0 248 294 Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Lucia 0 161 1 700 861 Saint Lucia
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 0 39 0 332 370 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Sint Maarten 0 127 1 734 861 Sint Maarten
Suriname 2 2467 2 1679 4146 Suriname
Trinidad and Tobago 14 13700 9 9300 23000 Trinidad and Tobago
Uruguay 8 7947 11 10726 18673 Uruguay
Venezuela Bolivarian Rep of 93 92602 48 47600 140202 Venezuela Bolivarian Rep of
0 0 0 Europe
0 0 0 European Union (27)
0 0 0 Intra-EU (27)
0 0 0 Extra-EU (27)
Austria 178 177960 191 191037 368997 Austria
Belgium 477 476660 461 461402 938062 Belgium
0 0 0 Belgium-Luxembourg
Bulgaria 28 28156 32 32498 60654 Bulgaria
Cyprus 2 1826 9 8608 10434 Cyprus
Czech Republic 162 162260 152 151559 313819 Czech Republic
0 0 0 Czech and Slovak Fed Rep former
Denmark 113 113280 98 97780 211060 Denmark
Estonia 17 16734 18 17583 34317 Estonia
Finland 79 78873 84 84135 163008 Finland
France 596 596068 714 713859 1309927 France
0 0 0 German Dem Rep former
Germany 1472 1472281 1254 1253940 2726221 Germany
Greece 32 31603 61 60619 92223 Greece
Hungary 112 112217 103 102589 214807 Hungary
Ireland 127 126923 67 66544 193467 Ireland
Italy 523 523183 557 557468 1080650 Italy
Latvia 13 13124 16 16204 29329 Latvia
Lithuania 28 28076 32 31510 59587 Lithuania
Luxembourg 22 21778 29 28722 50500 Luxembourg
Malta 4 4386 6 6293 10678 Malta
Netherlands 661 661015 599 598683 1259698 Netherlands
Poland 187 187405 208 207672 395077 Poland
Portugal 59 58960 80 80297 139258 Portugal
Romania 63 62687 76 76302 138989 Romania
Slovak Republic 79 79308 77 77305 156614 Slovak Republic
Slovenia 35 34749 35 35488 70238 Slovenia
Spain 309 308700 374 374242 682943 Spain
Sweden 187 187194 176 175993 363187 Sweden
United Kingdom 473 473191 638 637762 1110953 United Kingdom
0 0 0
Faeroe Islands 1 1007 1 986 1993 Faeroe Islands
Gibraltar 0 260 1 750 1010 Gibraltar
Greenland 0 475 1 899 1373 Greenland
Iceland 5 5347 5 4841 10189 Iceland
Norway 159 159253 91 90852 250106 Norway
Switzerland 234 234426 208 208280 442706 Switzerland
0 0 0
Albania 2 1948 5 5395 7343 Albania
Bosnia and Herzegovina 6 5850 11 11050 16900 Bosnia and Herzegovina
Croatia 13 13375 23 22708 36082 Croatia
FYR Macedonia 4 4455 7 7007 11463 FYR Macedonia
Montenegro 1 632 3 2544 3176 Montenegro
Serbia 12 11775 20 20139 31915 Serbia
0 0 0 Serbia and Montenegro
Turkey 135 134918 241 240842 375759 Turkey
0 0 0
0 0 0
0 0 0
0 0 0
0 0 0
Russian Federation 522 522013 324 323831 845844 Russian Federation
0 0 0
Armenia 1 1330 4 4152 5481 Armenia
Azerbaijan 34 34495 10 10166 44661 Azerbaijan
Belarus 40 40294 46 45747 86041 Belarus
Georgia 2 2189 7 7058 9247 Georgia
Kazakhstan 88 88273 38 37909 126181 Kazakhstan
Kyrgyz Republic 2 1979 4 4261 6240 Kyrgyz Republic
Moldova 2 2217 5 5191 7408 Moldova
Tajikistan 1 1257 3 3186 4443 Tajikistan
Turkmenistan 13 13000 7 7400 20400 Turkmenistan
Ukraine 68 68460 83 82594 151054 Ukraine
Uzbekistan 13 13254 10 9953 23207 Uzbekistan
0 0 0
0 0 0
South Africa 97 96848 122 121606 218454 South Africa
0 0 0
Algeria 73 73489 47 47247 120736 Algeria
Angola 66 65500 22 22000 87500 Angola
Benin 2 1800 3 2700 4500 Benin
Botswana 6 5882 7 7272 13154 Botswana
Burkina Faso 2 2000 3 2600 4600 Burkina Faso
Burundi 0 125 1 752 877 Burundi
Cameroon 5 4600 7 6500 11100 Cameroon
Cape Verde 0 73 1 947 1020 Cape Verde
Central African Republic 0 160 0 380 540 Central African Republic
Chad 5 4600 2 2400 7000 Chad
Comoros 0 25 0 277 302 Comoros
Congo 11 10700 5 5100 15800 Congo
Congo Dem Rep of 7 6600 6 5500 12100 Congo Dem Rep of
Cocircte dIvoire 11 11130 7 6720 17850 Cocircte dIvoire
Djibouti 0 95 0 410 505 Djibouti
Egypt 31 30528 59 58903 89431 Egypt
Equatorial Guinea 13 13300 6 6000 19300 Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea 0 400 1 900 1300 Eritrea
Ethiopia 3 2615 9 8896 11511 Ethiopia
Gabon 12 12000 4 3800 15800 Gabon
Gambia 0 95 0 344 438 Gambia
Ghana 13 12785 16 15968 28754 Ghana
Guinea 2 1630 2 2106 3735 Guinea
Guinea-Bissau 0 230 0 300 530 Guinea-Bissau
Kenya 6 5756 15 14782 20538 Kenya
Lesotho 1 1100 3 2600 3700 Lesotho
Liberia 0 358 1 1044 1402 Liberia
Libya 18 17500 5 5000 22500 Libya
Madagascar 2 1590 3 2850 4440 Madagascar
Malawi 1 1427 2 2426 3853 Malawi
Mali 2 2391 3 3250 5641 Mali
Mauritania 3 2769 2 2464 5233 Mauritania
Mauritius 3 2647 5 5158 7805 Mauritius
Morocco 22 21519 44 44295 65814 Morocco
Mozambique 4 3600 6 6300 9900 Mozambique
Namibia 4 4373 6 6330 10703 Namibia
Niger 1 1250 2 2400 3650 Niger
Nigeria 116 116000 55 55000 171000 Nigeria
Reunion - - Reunion
Rwanda 0 464 2 1776 2240 Rwanda
Sao Tome and Principe 0 11 0 125 136 Sao Tome and Principe
Senegal 3 2542 6 5909 8451 Senegal
Seychelles 0 483 1 750 1233 Seychelles
Sierra Leone 0 350 2 1708 2058 Sierra Leone
Somalia 0 450 1 1100 1550 Somalia
Sudan 10 9694 9 9231 18925 Sudan
Swaziland 2 2000 2 2100 4100 Swaziland
Tanzania 5 5098 11 10724 15821 Tanzania
Togo 1 1100 2 1700 2800 Togo
Tunisia 18 17847 24 23958 41805 Tunisia
Uganda 2 2200 5 5360 7560 Uganda
Zambia 9 9015 7 7178 16193 Zambia
Zimbabwe 4 3500 4 4400 7900 Zimbabwe
0 0 0
Bahrain Kingdom of 20 19650 13 12730 32380 Bahrain Kingdom of
Iran 132 131500 62 62106 193606 Iran
Iraq 83 83300 54 54000 137300 Iraq
Israel 68 67796 75 75472 143268 Israel
Jordan 8 7963 18 18301 26265 Jordan
Kuwait 104 103517 25 25268 128785 Kuwait
Lebanon 6 5664 21 20750 26414 Lebanon
Oman 47 47092 24 23860 70952 Oman
Qatar 114 114296 30 30000 144296 Qatar
Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 365 364736 132 131655 496391 Saudi Arabia Kingdom of
Syrian Arab Republic 9 8500 17 16600 25100 Syrian Arab Republic
United Arab Emirates 285 285000 205 205000 490000 United Arab Emirates
Yemen 12 11600 9 8500 20100 Yemen
0 0 0
China 1898 1898381 1743 1743484 3641865 China
India 305 304585 463 462633 767218 India
Japan 823 822564 855 854998 1677562 Japan
0 0 0
Hong Kong China 456 455650 511 510855 966504 Hong Kong China
0 0 0
0 0 0
Korea Republic of 555 555214 524 524413 1079627 Korea Republic of
Singapore 410 409503 366 365770 775273 Singapore
0 0 0
0 0 0
Taipei Chinese 308 308257 281 281438 589695 Taipei Chinese
0 0 0
Australia 270 270440 244 243699 514139 Australia
New Zealand 38 37669 37 37105 74773 New Zealand
0 0 0 Other Asia
Afghanistan 0 350 6 6300 6650 Afghanistan
American Samoa 0 310 1 690 1000 American Samoa
Bangladesh 24 24436 36 36188 60623 Bangladesh
Bhutan 1 650 1 950 1600 Bhutan
Brunei Darussalam 12 12440 3 2943 15383 Brunei Darussalam
Cambodia 7 6950 9 9300 16250 Cambodia
Cook Islands 0 3 0 84 87 Cook Islands
Fiji 1 860 2 2300 3160 Fiji
Fmr Pacific Islands - - Fmr Pacific Islands
French Polynesia 0 168 2 1796 1964 French Polynesia
Guam 0 45 1 1100 1145 Guam
Indonesia 201 200587 177 176881 377468 Indonesia
Kiribati 0 20 0 110 130 Kiribati
Korea Dem Peoples Rep of 3 3300 5 4500 7800 Korea Dem Peoples Rep of
Lao Peoples Dem Rep 2 2400 3 2700 5100 Lao Peoples Dem Rep
Macao China 1 869 8 7927 8796 Macao China
Malaysia 227 226990 188 187661 414650 Malaysia
Maldives 0 346 1 1465 1812 Maldives
Marshall Islands 0 35 0 140 175 Marshall Islands
Micronesia Federated States of 0 25 0 170 195 Micronesia Federated States of
Mongolia 5 4780 7 6527 11307 Mongolia
Myanmar 9 9330 8 8000 17330 Myanmar
Nauru 0 70 0 30 100 Nauru
Nepal 1 919 6 5774 6693 Nepal
New Caledonia 2 1703 4 3699 5401 New Caledonia
Niue 0 0 0 7 7 Niue
Northern Mariana Islands 0 3 0 90 93 Northern Mariana Islands
Pakistan 25 25344 44 44012 69356 Pakistan
Palau 0 6 0 120 126 Palau
Papua New Guinea 7 6776 5 4550 11326 Papua New Guinea
Philippines 48 48305 64 63693 111998 Philippines
Samoa 0 54 0 346 400 Samoa
Solomon Islands 0 413 0 467 880 Solomon Islands
Sri Lanka 10 10236 20 20269 30505 Sri Lanka
Thailand 229 228822 228 228498 457320 Thailand
Timor-Leste 0 20 0 300 320 Timor-Leste
Tonga 0 14 0 180 194 Tonga
Tuvalu 0 0 0 25 25 Tuvalu
Vanuatu 0 64 0 288 352 Vanuatu
Viet Nam 9690567 9690567 1067499 1067499 20365557 Viet Nam
Volume of world merchandise exports and gross domestic product 2005-2011
(Annual percentage change)
2005-11 37 23
2005 65 35
2006 86 40
2007 65 39
2008 23 13
2009 -121 -24
2010 140 38
2011 49 24
Page 3: I. World trade developments - World Trade Organization · I WORLD TRADE DEVELOPMENTS The value of world merchandise ... India proved more resilient to the global crisis than exports

13World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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bull Trade within regions remains strong in North America Europe and Asia Europe has the highest level of intra-regional trade with 71 per cent of its exports remaining within Europe in 2011 A total of 53 per cent of Asian trade is exported to Asian countries while nearly 48 per cent of North Americarsquos exports are to members of the North American Free Trade Agreement

bull In South and Central America 27 per cent of exports went to other countries in the region in 2011 In the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) Africa and the Middle East the totals were 20 per cent 13 per cent and 9 per cent respectively

bull Africarsquos main destination market for export is the European Union followed by Asia and North America A little over half of CIS exports go to Europe and the Middle Eastrsquos main market is still Asia Less than a quarter of South and Central Americarsquos total exports go to North America and 22 per cent go to Asia

Asia

152

2926

110189

922

242

906

Commonwealth of Independent States

12 117

154

11409

2434

Middle East

38

660610

158

110

107

Africa

Asia

Commonwealth of Independent States

Central amp South America amp the Caribbean

Europe

Middle East

North America

All fi gures are in US$ billion

of Middle East products were exported to Asia in 201153

14 World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Moderate recovery for merchandise exports in 2011bull World merchandise exports increased by 5 per cent in volume terms in

2011 World gross domestic product (GDP) expanded by 24 per cent

bull Since 2005 world merchandise trade has grown by 37 per cent annually while GDP has risen by 23 per cent

bull Some of the growth in merchandise trade is due to trade in intermediate products that criss-cross national borders before being processed into fi nal products

Volume of world merchandise exports and gross domestic product 2005-2011

Where to fi nd moreTable I2

25

41

23

13

2005-11

2005

2006

2007

2008

2010

2011

2009

49

86

23

VOLUME OF TOTAL EXPORTS GDP

ANNUAL PERCENTAGE CHANGE ()

10 1550-5-10-15

37

5 World merchandise

import volumes grew by 5 in 2011

6 Asiarsquos merchandise

export volumes grew by 6 in 2011

34

65

39

65

38

-26

140

-121

WTO-OMC

WTO
File Attachment
Volume of world merchandise exports and gross domestic product 2005-2011

15World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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US$ 1480 bnExports

US$ 2266 bnImports

40 Germanyrsquos trade

surplus is 40 higher than Chinarsquos

bull The United States remains the worldrsquos biggest trader in merchandise with imports and exports totalling US$ 3746 billion in 2011 Its trade defi cit amounted to US$ 785 billion 52 per cent of its GDP

bull China and Germany rank second and third respectively in merchandise trade Their trade surpluses were US$ 155 billion and US$ 218 billion respectively in 2011 21 per cent and 61 per cent of their GDP

bull In contrast to 2010 Japan incurred a trade defi cit in 2011 amounting to US$ 32 billion With imports and exports totalling US$ 1678 billion it remains the fourth-largest trader in the world

US remains the leading merchandise trader

Where to fi nd moreTables A6 and A7

Leading economies of merchandise trade 2011

IMPORTS US$ BILLION

EXPORTS US$ BILLION

The United States was the worldrsquos

biggest merchandise trader in 2011

0

0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000 2200

300

700

1100

1500

1900

2300

2700

China

United States

GermanyJapan

Netherlands

France

WTO-OMC

WTO
File Attachment
Leading economies of merchandise trade 2011

16 World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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0 rise in Africarsquos

exports of commercial services in 2011

11 growth in exports

of world commercial services in 2011

bull The value of world exports of commercial services rose by 11 per cent in 2011 to US$ 4170 billion exceeding pre-crisis levels of US$ 3850 in 2008

bull Europe showed signs of recovery with annual growth of 11 per cent in 2011 In contrast Asian economies saw their growth rate halved compared with 2010 mainly due to slower growth in transportation services and other commercial services

bull North Americarsquos exports of commercial services expanded by 9 per cent in 2011 the same as in 2010 while in Africa exports stagnated following the ldquoArab Springrdquo uprising that began at the end of 2010 The CIS was the most dynamic region with exports of commercial services increasing by 19 per cent followed by South and Central America with 13 per cent

World exports of commercial services up by 11 in 2011

Where to fi nd moreTable I3

Commercial services exports 2010-2011

12

0

9

11

23

4

9

10

11

11

19

Africa

North America

Middle East

Asia

Europe

C and S America and

the Caribbean

CIS

World

2010 2011

ANNUAL PERCENTAGE CHANGE ()

13

15

10

11

13

10 15 20 2550-5

WTO-COM

WTO
File Attachment
Commercial services exports 2010-2011

17World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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US$ 976 bnUnited States

US$ 542 bnGermany

US$ 444 bnUnited Kingdom

Largest traders in commercial services

bull The United States remained the worldrsquos largest trader of commercial services in 2011 with US$ 976 billion of trade making a surplus of US$ 186 billion The United Kingdom which ranked third with US$ 444 billion recorded also a surplus of US$ 103 billion Both the United States and the United Kingdom have recorded a surplus in services every year since the 1980s

bull Germany the second-largest services trader with US$ 542 billion of trade recorded a defi cit of US$ 36 billion in 2011

bull Among the leading emerging economies China remained a net services importer in 2011 while India registered a positive balance with the value of exports exceeding imports

US remains the leading commercial services trader

Leading traders in commercial services 2011

Where to fi nd moreTable I9

289253

170 274

103

237182

143167

23

166

118

142

-23

15

13124 137

-5

114105

IMPORTS BALANCE

US$ BILLION

Germany

Netherlands

India

Japan

France

China

United Kingdom

United States

Italy

Ireland

EXPORTS

-36

-54

134

-9

100 200 300 400 500 6000-100

186395

581

109114

WTO-COM

_x0007_Exports58086382525338115727373297918243306716661184514248186513655346713352496310939800210518396700395267744289091289170426395236530995143474724165810682123723469118174129114335759113987159_x0001_0_x0007_Exports580863825253381157273732979182433067166611845142481865136553467133524963109398002105183967_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_00000395267744289091289170426395236530995143474724165810682123723469118174129114335759113987159000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000
WTO
File Attachment
Leading traders in commercial services 2011

18 World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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34 in India

25 in China

Growth of US services supply through

affi liates in 2009

bull Services supplied by US majority-owned foreign affi liates to China and India proved more resilient to the global crisis than exports of cross-border services

bull In 2009 US exports of commercial services to India decreased by 4 per cent However services supplied to India through commercial presence (ie through US majority-owned foreign affi liates established in India) rose by 34 per cent Similarly in China services supplied by US majority-owned foreign affi liates grew by 25 per cent while exports of commercial services grew by only 2 per cent

bull In contrast services supplied through US majority-owned foreign affi liates to Europe and North America declined following the same pattern as cross-border exports

US service supply through affi liates to emerging economies on the rise

Where to fi nd moreTables I15 and I26

US services supplied to China and India 2004-09

25

20

15

10

5

0

2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009

US$ BILLION

BOP Exports of commercial services as measured in the balance of payments (modes 1 2 and 4)

FATS Outward foreign affi liates statistics (mode 3)

INDIA (FATS)CHINA (BOP)CHINA (FATS) INDIA (BOP)

WTO-OMC

WTO
File Attachment
US services supplied to China and India 2004-09

19World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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List of tables

I World trade developments 1 Overview

Table I1 Growth in the volume of world merchandise exports and production 2005-2011 21

Table I2 Growth in the volume of world merchandise trade by selected region and economy 2005-2011 21

2 Trade by region

Table I3 World merchandise trade and trade in commercial services by region and selected economy 2005-2011 22

Table I4 Intra- and inter-regional merchandise trade 2011 23

Table I5 World merchandise exports by region and selected economy 1948 1953 1963 1973 1983 1993 2003 and 2011 24

Table I6 World merchandise imports by region and selected economy 1948 1953 1963 1973 1983 1993 2003 and 2011 25

3 Leading traders

Table I7 Leading exporters and importers in world merchandise trade 2011 26

Table I8 Leading exporters and importers in world merchandise trade (excluding intra-EU (27) trade) 2011 27

Table I9 Leading exporters and importers in world trade in commercial services 2011 28

Table I10 Leading exporters and importers in world trade in commercial services (excluding intra-EU (27) trade) 2011 29

4 Bilateral trade of leading traders

Table I11 Merchandise trade of Canada by origin and destination 2011 30

Table I12 Merchandise trade of the United States by origin and destination 2011 31

Table I13 Merchandise trade of the European Union (27) by origin and destination 2011 32

Table I14 Merchandise trade of Japan by origin and destination 2011 33

Table I15 Trade in commercial services of selected economies by origin and destination 2010 34

5 Regional trade agreements

Table I16 Merchandise trade of NAFTA countries by major product group and by origindestination 2011 37

Table I17 Merchandise trade of MERCOSUR countries by major product group and by origindestination 2011 38

Table I18 Merchandise trade of Andean Community countries by major product group and by origindestination 2011 39

Table I19 Merchandise trade of ASEAN countries by major product group and by origindestination 2011 40

6 Least-developed countries

Table I20 Ratio of exports of goods and commercial services to GDP of the least-developed countries 2010 41

Table I21 Merchandise exports and imports of least-developed countries 2011 42

Table I22 Imports of agricultural products fuels and manufactures of the European Union (27) Asia and North America from the least-developed countries 2011 44

20 World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Table I23 Exports of commercial services of the least-developed countries by category 2010 45

7 Foreign affiliates statistics

Table I24 Sales by affiliates of foreign companies - resident affiliates primarily engaged in services activities (inward FATS) 2006-2009 46

Table I25 Sales by foreign affiliates of resident companies - affiliates located abroad primarily engaged in services activities (outward FATS) 2006-2009 47

Table I26 Services supplied by United States affiliates established abroad (outward FATS) and by foreign affiliates in the United States (inward FATS) by economy of affiliate 2009 48

21World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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1 Overview

Table I1

(Annual percentage change)

2005-11 2009 2010 2011

World merchandise exports 35 -120 140 50Agricultural products 40 -20 80 40Fuels and mining products 15 -55 55 15Manufactures 45 -150 185 65

World merchandise production 20 -55 45 25Agriculture 20 05 00 20Mining 05 -15 20 15Manufacturing 20 -75 60 30

World GDP 20 -25 40 25

Growth in the volume of world merchandise exports and production 2005-2011

Note See the Metadata for the estimation of world aggregates of merchandise exports production and GDP

Table I2

(Annual percentage change)

2005-11 2010 2011 2005-11 2010 2011

35 140 50 World 35 140 50

30 150 60 North America 10 155 45-20 85 30 Canada 30 145 8535 215 45 Mexico 00 235 6545 155 70 United States 05 150 40

20 50 60 South and Central America 100 230 120

20 110 50 Europe 15 100 2520 115 50 European Union (27) 10 95 20

-20 -25 -45 Norway 35 90 5030 90 85 Switzerland 25 95 25

30 60 20 Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 90 190 165

75 230 65 Asia 60 180 6530 125 05 Australia 55 100 70

120 285 95 China 115 220 95-55 -165 70 Hong Kong China 55 175 70125 255 155 India 140 225 9530 275 -05 Japan 05 100 2065 190 65 Six East Asian traders a 35 190 35

Growth in the volume of world merchandise trade by selected region and economy 2005-2011

a Hong Kong China Malaysia Republic of Korea Singapore Separate Customs Territory of Taiwan Penghu Kinmen and Matsu (Taipei Chinese) and Thailand

Imports Exports

22 World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Exports Imports

2005-11 2010 2011 2005-11 2010 2011

Merchandise10 22 20 World 9 21 198 23 16 North America 5 23 159 21 16 United States 5 23 154 23 17 Canada 6 22 15

13 25 27 South and Central America 16 30 2514 32 27 Brazil 20 43 2413 22 23 Argentina 17 46 317 12 17 Europe 7 13 177 12 17 European Union (27) 7 13 17

10 13 20 Switzerland 9 13 1815 31 34 Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 17 25 3014 32 30 Russian Federation 17 30 3012 29 33 Ukraine 15 34 3611 29 17 Africa 14 15 2011 31 20 South Africa 12 27 2915 48 38 Nigeria a 18 30 2415 27 37 Middle East 13 14 1812 31 45 Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 14 12 2316 19 30 United Arab Emirates a 16 10 2412 31 18 Asia 13 33 2316 31 20 China 18 39 256 33 7 Japan 9 26 23

Commercial services9 10 11 World 9 10 118 9 9 North America 6 8 88 8 9 United States 6 6 75 15 11 Canada 7 15 11

11 15 13 South and Central America 15 23 1816 15 21 Brazil 22 36 2214 19 8 Argentina 14 16 177 4 11 Europe 6 3 97 4 11 European Union (27) 6 2 9

12 10 15 Switzerland 11 4 1915 13 19 Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 14 18 1914 8 20 Russian Federation 15 21 2313 24 14 Ukraine 12 10 157 12 0 Africa 14 11 125 17 6 South Africa 8 25 75 11 -19 Egypt 5 2 0

hellip 11 10 Middle East hellip 12 15hellip 10 7 Saudi Arabia Kingdom of hellip 8 819 16 9 United Arab Emirates 17 12 1812 23 11 Asia 11 21 1416 32 7 China 19 22 236 10 3 Japan 5 6 7

a Secretariat estimates

World merchandise trade and trade in commercial services by region and selected economy 2005-2011

Table I3

(Annual percentage change)

2 Trade by region

23World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Table I4

(Billion dollars and percentage)

OriginNorth

America

South and Central America Europe CIS Africa Middle East Asia World

Value

World 2923 749 6881 530 538 672 5133 17816North America 1103 201 382 15 37 63 476 2282South and Central America 181 200 138 8 21 18 169 750Europe 480 119 4667 234 199 194 639 6612Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 43 11 409 154 12 24 117 789Africa 102 19 205 2 77 21 146 594Middle East 107 10 158 6 38 110 660 1251Asia 906 189 922 110 152 242 2926 5538

Share of regional trade flows in each regions total merchandise exports

World 164 42 386 30 30 38 288 1000North America 483 88 167 07 16 28 209 1000South and Central America 242 267 183 11 28 24 225 1000Europe 73 18 706 35 30 29 97 1000Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 55 14 518 195 16 30 148 1000Africa 171 33 345 03 130 36 245 1000Middle East 86 08 126 05 30 88 528 1000Asia 164 34 167 20 28 44 528 1000

Share of each regions exports in world merchandise exports to the region

World 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000North America 377 269 56 29 70 93 93 128South and Central America 62 268 20 16 40 27 33 42Europe 164 159 678 442 371 289 124 371Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 15 14 59 291 23 35 23 44Africa 35 26 30 03 143 32 28 33Middle East 37 13 23 11 70 164 129 70Asia 310 252 134 208 283 360 570 311

Share of regional trade flows in world merchandise exports

World 164 42 386 30 30 38 288 1000North America 62 11 21 01 02 04 27 128South and Central America 10 11 08 00 01 01 09 42Europe 27 07 262 13 11 11 36 371Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 02 01 23 09 01 01 07 44Africa 06 01 12 00 04 01 08 33Middle East 06 01 09 00 02 06 37 70Asia 51 11 52 06 09 14 164 311

Intra- and inter-regional merchandise trade 2011

Destination

24 World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Table I5

1948 1953 1963 1973 1983 1993 2003 2011

Value

World 59 84 157 579 1838 3676 7377 17816 Share

World 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000

North America 281 248 199 173 168 180 158 128United States 217 188 149 123 112 126 98 83Canada 55 52 43 46 42 39 37 25Mexico 09 07 06 04 14 14 22 20

South and Central America 113 97 64 43 44 30 30 42Brazil 20 18 09 11 12 10 10 14Argentina 28 13 09 06 04 04 04 05

Europe 351 394 478 509 435 454 459 371Germany a 14 53 93 117 92 103 102 83France 34 48 52 63 52 60 53 33Italy 18 18 32 38 40 46 41 29United Kingdom 113 90 78 51 50 49 41 27

Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) b - - - - - 15 26 44Africa 73 65 57 48 45 25 24 33

South Africa c 20 16 15 10 10 07 05 05

Middle East 20 27 32 41 68 35 41 70Asia 140 134 125 149 191 261 262 311

China 09 12 13 10 12 25 59 107Japan 04 15 35 64 80 99 64 46India 22 13 10 05 05 06 08 17Australia and New Zealand 37 32 24 21 14 14 12 17Six East Asian Traders 34 30 25 36 58 97 96 98

Memorandum item EU d - - 245 370 313 374 423 339USSR Former 22 35 46 37 50 - - -GATTWTO Members e 634 696 750 841 784 893 943 938

Note Between 1973 and 1983 and between 1993 and 2003 export shares were significantly influenced by oil price developments

World merchandise exports by region and selected economy 1948 1953 1963 1973 1983 1993 2003 and 2011

b Figures are significantly affected by including the mutual trade flows of the Baltic States and the CIS between 1993 and 2003c Beginning with 1998 figures refer to South Africa only and no longer to the Southern African Customs Union

e Membership as of the year stated

a Figures refer to the Fed Rep of Germany from 1948 through 1983

(Billion dollars and percentage)

d Figures refer to the EEC(6) in 1963 EC(9) in 1973 EC(10) in 1983 EU(12) in 1993 EU(25) in 2003 and EU(27) in 2011

25World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Table I6

1948 1953 1963 1973 1983 1993 2003 2011

Value

World 62 85 164 594 1882 3786 7695 15077 Share

World 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000

North America 185 205 161 172 185 214 224 171United States 130 139 114 123 143 159 169 125Canada 44 55 39 42 34 37 32 26Mexico 10 09 08 06 07 18 23 20

South and Central America 104 83 60 44 38 33 25 40Brazil 18 16 09 12 09 07 07 13Argentina 25 09 06 04 02 04 02 04

Europe 453 437 520 533 442 446 450 381Germany a 22 45 80 92 81 90 79 69France 55 49 53 64 56 57 52 40United Kingdom 134 110 85 65 53 55 52 35Italy 25 28 46 47 42 39 39 31

Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) b - - - - - 12 17 30Africa 81 70 52 39 46 26 22 31

South Africa c 25 15 11 09 08 05 05 07

Middle East 18 21 23 27 62 33 28 38Asia 139 151 141 149 185 237 235 309

China 06 16 09 09 11 27 54 97Japan 11 28 41 65 67 64 50 47India 23 14 15 05 07 06 09 26Australia and New Zealand 29 23 22 16 14 15 14 16Six East Asian Traders 35 37 32 39 61 103 86 95

Memorandum item EU d - - 255 371 314 353 413 346USSR Former 19 33 43 36 43 - - -GATTWTO Members e 586 669 753 855 813 887 948 959

Note Between 1973 and 1983 and between 1993 and 2003 import shares were significantly influenced by oil price developments

World merchandise imports by region and selected economy 1948 1953 1963 1973 1983 1993 2003 and 2011

b Figures are significantly affected by including the mutual trade flows of the Baltic States and the CIS between 1993 and 2003c Beginning with 1998 figures refer to South Africa only and no longer to the Southern African Customs Union

e Membership as of the year stated

a Figures refer to the Fed Rep of Germany from 1948 through 1983

(Billion dollars and percentage)

d Figures refer to the EEC(6) in 1963 EC(9) in 1973 EC(10) in 1983 EU(12) in 1993 EU(25) in 2003 and EU(27) in 2011

26 World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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3 Leading traders

Rank Exporters Value Share

Annual percentage

change Rank Importers Value Share

Annual percentage

change

1 China 1898 104 20 1 United States 2266 123 152 United States 1480 81 16 2 China 1743 95 253 Germany 1472 81 17 3 Germany 1254 68 194 Japan 823 45 7 4 Japan 855 46 235 Netherlands 661 36 15 5 France 714 39 176 France 596 33 14 6 United Kingdom 638 35 147 Korea Republic of 555 30 19 7 Netherlands 599 32 168 Italy 523 29 17 8 Italy 557 30 149 Russian Federation 522 29 30 9 Korea Republic of 524 28 2310 Belgium 477 26 17 10 Hong Kong China 511 28 16

retained imports 130 07 1611 United Kingdom 473 26 17 11 Canada a 463 25 1512 Hong Kong China 456 25 14 12 India 463 25 32

domestic exports 17 01 14 re-exports 439 24 14

13 Canada 452 25 17 13 Belgium 461 25 1714 Singapore 410 22 16 14 Spain 374 20 14

domestic exports 224 12 23 re-exports 186 10 10 15 Singapore 366 20 18

15 Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 365 20 45 retained imports 180 10 2716 Mexico 350 19 17 16 Mexico 361 20 1617 Spain 309 17 21 17 Russian Federation a 324 18 3018 Taipei Chinese 308 17 12 18 Taipei Chinese 281 15 1219 India 305 17 35 19 Australia 244 13 2120 United Arab Emirates b 285 16 30 20 Turkey 241 13 3021 Australia 270 15 27 21 Brazil 237 13 2422 Brazil 256 14 27 22 Thailand 228 12 2523 Switzerland 234 13 20 23 Switzerland 208 11 1824 Thailand 229 13 17 24 Poland 208 11 1725 Malaysia 227 12 14 25 United Arab Emirates b 205 11 2426 Indonesia 201 11 27 26 Austria 191 10 2027 Poland 187 10 17 27 Malaysia 188 10 1428 Sweden 187 10 18 28 Indonesia 177 10 3129 Austria 178 10 17 29 Sweden 176 10 1830 Czech Republic 162 09 22 30 Czech Republic 152 08 2031 Norway 159 09 22 31 Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 132 07 2332 Turkey 135 07 18 32 South Africa 122 07 2933 Iran b 132 07 30 33 Viet Nam 107 06 2634 Ireland 127 07 9 34 Hungary 103 06 1635 Nigeria b 116 06 38 35 Denmark 98 05 1536 Qatar 114 06 53 36 Norway 91 05 1737 Denmark 113 06 16 37 Finland 84 05 2238 Hungary 112 06 18 38 Ukraine 83 04 3639 Kuwait 104 06 54 39 Portugal 80 04 640 Viet Nam 97 05 34 40 Slovak Republic 77 04 1941 South Africa 97 05 20 41 Romania 76 04 2342 Venezuela Bolivarian Rep of 93 05 41 42 Israel 75 04 2343 Kazakhstan 88 05 47 43 Chile 75 04 2644 Argentina 84 05 23 44 Argentina 74 04 3145 Iraq b 83 05 59 45 Ireland 67 04 1046 Chile 81 04 15 46 Philippines 64 03 947 Slovak Republic 79 04 23 47 Iran 62 03 -448 Finland 79 04 13 48 Greece 61 03 -549 Algeria 73 04 29 49 Egypt 59 03 1150 Ukraine 68 04 33 50 Nigeria b 55 03 24

Total of above c 16887 925 - Total of above c 16851 914 - World c 18255 1000 20 World c 18438 1000 19

a Imports are valued fob b Secretariat estimates c Includes significant re-exports or imports for re-export Note For annual data 2000-2011 see Appendix A6 and A7

Table I7

Leading exporters and importers in world merchandise trade 2011

(Billion dollars and percentage)

27World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Annual percentage

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1 Extra-EU (27) exports 2133 149 19 1 Extra-EU (27) imports 2350 162 172 China 1898 132 20 2 United States 2266 156 153 United States 1480 103 16 3 China 1743 120 254 Japan 823 57 7 4 Japan 855 59 235 Korea Republic of 555 39 19 5 Korea Republic of 524 36 236 Russian Federation 522 36 30 6 Hong Kong China 511 35 167 Hong Kong China 456 32 14 retained imports 130 09 16

domestic exports 17 01 14 re-exports 439 31 14 7 Canada a 463 32 15

8 Canada 452 32 17 8 India 463 32 329 Singapore 410 29 16 9 Singapore 366 25 18

domestic exports 224 16 23 retained imports 180 12 27 Singapore re-exports 186 13 10

10 Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 365 25 45 10 Mexico 361 25 1611 Mexico 350 24 17 11 Russian Federation a 324 22 3012 Taipei Chinese 308 21 12 12 Taipei Chinese 281 19 1213 India 305 21 35 13 Australia 244 17 2114 United Arab Emirates b 285 20 30 14 Turkey 241 17 3015 Australia 270 19 27 15 Brazil 237 16 2416 Brazil 256 18 27 16 Thailand 228 16 2517 Switzerland 234 16 20 17 Switzerland 208 14 1818 Thailand 229 16 17 18 United Arab Emirates b 205 14 2419 Malaysia 227 16 14 19 Malaysia 188 13 1420 Indonesia 201 14 27 20 Indonesia 177 12 3121 Norway 159 11 22 21 Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 132 09 2322 Turkey 135 09 18 22 South Africa 122 08 2923 Iran b 132 09 30 23 Viet Nam 107 07 2624 Nigeria b 116 08 38 24 Norway 91 06 1725 Qatar 114 08 53 25 Ukraine 83 06 3626 Kuwait 104 07 54 26 Israel 75 05 2327 Viet Nam 97 07 34 27 Chile 75 05 2628 South Africa 97 07 20 28 Argentina 74 05 3129 Venezuela Bolivarian Rep of 93 06 41 29 Philippines 64 04 930 Kazakhstan 88 06 47 30 Iran 62 04 -431 Argentina 84 06 23 31 Egypt 59 04 1132 Iraq b 83 06 59 32 Nigeria b 55 04 2433 Chile 81 06 15 33 Colombia 55 04 3434 Algeria 73 05 29 34 Iraq b 54 04 2335 Ukraine 68 05 33 35 Venezuela Bolivarian Rep of b 48 03 2036 Israel 68 05 16 36 Algeria 47 03 1737 Angola b 66 05 29 37 Belarus 46 03 3138 Colombia 57 04 43 38 Morocco 44 03 2539 Philippines 48 03 -6 39 Pakistan 44 03 1640 Oman 47 03 29 40 Peru 38 03 2641 Peru 46 03 30 41 Kazakhstan 38 03 2242 Belarus 40 03 59 42 Bangladesh 36 02 3043 New Zealand 38 03 20 43 Qatar b 30 02 2944 Azerbaijan 34 02 30 44 Kuwait 25 02 1345 Egypt 31 02 15 45 Ecuador 24 02 1846 Pakistan 25 02 18 46 Tunisia 24 02 847 Bangladesh 24 02 27 47 Oman b 24 02 1948 Ecuador 22 02 28 48 Croatia 23 02 1349 Morocco 22 02 21 49 Angola a b 22 02 3250 Bahrain Kingdom of 20 01 31 50 Panama 22 02 30

Total of above c 13871 967 - Total of above c 13876 955 -

World (excl intra-EU (27)) c 14349 1000 21 World (excl intra-EU (27)) c 14532 1000 20

a Imports are valued fob b Secretariat estimates c Includes significant re-exports or imports for re-export Note For annual data 2000-2011 see Appendix A6 and A7

Table I8

Leading exporters and importers in world merchandise trade (excluding intra-EU (27) trade) 2011

28 World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Rank Exporters Value Share

Annual percentage

change Rank Importers Value Share

Annual percentage

change

1 United States 581 139 9 1 United States 395 100 72 United Kingdom 274 66 11 2 Germany 289 73 103 Germany 253 61 9 3 China 237 60 234 China 182 44 7 4 United Kingdom 170 43 65 France 167 40 15 5 Japan 166 42 76 Japan 142 34 3 6 France 143 36 97 Spain 140 34 14 7 India 124 31 78 India 137 33 11 8 Netherlands 118 30 129 Netherlands 134 32 16 9 Ireland 114 29 710 Singapore 129 31 15 10 Italy 114 29 511 Hong Kong China 121 29 14 11 Singapore 114 29 1812 Ireland 109 26 12 12 Canada 100 25 1113 Italy 105 25 8 13 Korea Republic of 98 25 314 Switzerland 94 23 15 14 Spain 93 24 815 Korea Republic of 94 23 9 15 Russian Federation 88 22 2316 Belgium 87 21 2 16 Belgium 85 21 817 Sweden 76 18 16 17 Brazil 73 18 2218 Canada 75 18 11 18 Australia 60 15 1919 Luxembourg 72 17 9 19 Denmark 56 14 1120 Denmark 65 16 9 20 Hong Kong China 56 14 1021 Austria 61 15 13 21 Sweden 56 14 1622 Russian Federation 53 13 20 22 Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 55 14 823 Australia 51 12 8 23 Thailand 51 13 1424 Taipei Chinese 46 11 15 24 United Arab Emirates 49 12 1825 Norway 42 10 6 25 Switzerland 47 12 1926 Thailand 41 10 20 26 Norway 45 11 627 Macao China 40 09 38 27 Austria 42 11 1428 Greece 38 09 2 28 Taipei Chinese 41 10 1129 Turkey 38 09 11 29 Luxembourg 41 10 1230 Poland 37 09 13 30 Malaysia 37 09 1731 Brazil 37 09 21 31 Indonesia 32 08 2432 Malaysia 35 08 7 32 Poland 31 08 433 Finland 27 07 -1 33 Finland 26 07 -534 Israel 27 06 11 34 Mexico 25 06 1535 Portugal 26 06 14 35 Iran a 25 06 36 Czech Republic 23 06 10 36 Nigeria 22 06 1337 Hungary 22 05 12 37 Angola a 20 05 38 Indonesia 20 05 23 38 Turkey 20 05 839 Egypt 19 05 -19 39 Israel 20 05 1040 Ukraine 19 05 14 40 South Africa 19 05 7

Total of above 3740 897 - Total of above 3395 859 -World 4170 1000 11 World 3955 1000 11

Leading exporters and importers in world trade in commercial services 2011

Note Figures for a number of countries and territories have been estimated by the Secretariat Annual percentage changes and rankings are affected by continuity breaks in the series for a large number of economies and by limitations in cross-country comparability See the Metadata For annual data 2001-2011 see Appendix Tables A8 and A9

a Secretariat estimate

Table I9

(Billion dollars and percentage)

29World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Annual percentage

change Rank Importers Value Share

Annual percentage

change

1 Extra-EU (27) exports 784 247 11 1 Extra-EU (27) imports 644 211 92 United States 581 183 9 2 United States 395 129 73 China 182 58 7 3 China 237 77 234 Japan 142 45 3 4 Japan 166 54 75 India 137 43 11 5 India 124 41 76 Singapore 129 41 15 6 Singapore 114 37 187 Hong Kong China 121 38 14 7 Canada 100 33 118 Switzerland 94 30 15 8 Korea Republic of 98 32 39 Korea Republic of 94 30 9 9 Russian Federation 88 29 23

10 Canada 75 23 11 10 Brazil 73 24 2211 Russian Federation 53 17 20 11 Australia 60 19 1912 Australia 51 16 8 12 Hong Kong China 56 18 1013 Taipei Chinese 46 15 15 13 Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 55 18 814 Norway 42 13 6 14 Thailand 51 17 1415 Thailand 41 13 20 15 United Arab Emirates 49 16 1816 Macao China 40 12 38 16 Switzerland 47 15 1917 Turkey 38 12 11 17 Norway 45 15 618 Brazil 37 12 21 18 Taipei Chinese 41 14 1119 Malaysia 35 11 7 19 Malaysia 37 12 1720 Israel 27 08 11 20 Indonesia 32 10 2421 Indonesia 20 06 23 21 Mexico 25 08 1522 Egypt 19 06 -19 22 Iran a 25 08 23 Ukraine 19 06 14 23 Nigeria 22 07 1324 Lebanon a 18 06 24 Angola a 20 07 25 Philippines 15 05 10 25 Turkey 20 06 826 Mexico 15 05 1 26 Israel 20 06 1027 South Africa 14 05 6 27 South Africa 19 06 728 Argentina 14 04 8 28 Kuwait 16 05 1529 Morocco 14 04 12 29 Argentina 16 05 1730 Croatia 12 04 10 30 Qatar 16 05 10331 Chile 12 04 14 31 Lebanon a 15 05 32 United Arab Emirates 12 04 9 32 Ukraine 14 05 1533 Cuba a 12 04 33 Chile 14 04 1834 Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 11 04 7 34 Egypt 13 04 035 New Zealand 10 03 11 35 Venezuela Bolivarian Rep of 12 04 1336 Kuwait 10 03 9 36 Viet Nam 12 04 2037 Iran a 9 03 37 Philippines 12 04 438 Viet Nam 9 03 19 38 Algeria 11 04 -439 Syrian Arab Republic a 8 02 39 New Zealand 11 04 1740 Panama 7 02 18 40 Kazakhstan 11 04 -3

Total of above 3010 949 - Total of above 2835 928 -World (excl intra-EU (27)) 3170 1000 11 World (excl intra-EU (27)) 3055 1000 12

Leading exporters and importers in world trade in commercial services (excluding intra-EU (27) trade) 2011

Note Figures for a number of countries and territories have been estimated by the Secretariat Annual percentage changes and rankings are affected by continuity breaks in the series for a large number of economies and by limitations in cross-country comparability See the Metadata For annual data 2001-2011 see Appendix Tables A8 and A9

a Secretariat estimate

Table I10

(Billion dollars and percentage)

30 World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Table I11

(Million dollars and percentage)

Destination Value Origin Value

2011 2005 2011 2010 2011 2011 2005 2011 2010 2011

Region Region

World 452440 1000 1000 23 17 World 462635 1000 1000 22 59North America 337369 846 746 22 15 North America 258684 613 559 23 13Asia 49391 65 109 23 29 Asia 93656 173 202 22 12Europe 45888 65 101 29 19 Europe 63084 140 136 13 16South and Central America 8628 11 19 37 19 South and Central America 19220 31 42 36 20Middle East 3664 05 08 -18 10 Africa 14905 18 32 42 51Africa 3524 05 08 12 7 Middle East 7970 10 17 43 50CIS 1916 02 04 33 25 CIS 5117 06 11 12 7

Economy Economy

United States 331738 839 733 22 15 United States 223133 551 482 20 13European Union (27) 40312 57 89 28 21 European Union (27) 52591 118 114 17 13China 16957 17 37 31 32 China 48657 76 105 24 13Japan 10776 21 24 22 21 Mexico 24807 37 54 48 16Mexico 5530 08 12 15 14 Japan 13193 38 29 20 1

Above 5 405312 942 896 - - Above 5 362382 819 783 - -Korea Republic of 5135 06 11 16 43 Korea Republic of 6674 14 14 14 12Hong Kong China 2990 03 07 39 64 Algeria 5543 11 12 5 59Brazil 2869 03 06 77 15 Taipei Chinese 4983 10 11 31 29Norway 2845 04 06 58 16 Peru 4455 03 10 40 26India 2645 02 06 6 32 Norway 4389 16 09 -12 59Australia 1917 04 04 9 13 Canada b 3973 09 09 31 4Taipei Chinese 1764 03 04 29 41 Brazil 3919 08 08 41 23Indonesia 1661 02 04 21 61 Switzerland 3196 05 07 -6 12Russian Federation 1512 01 03 48 31 Kazakhstan 2885 00 06 49 30United Arab Emirates 1372 01 03 -3 24 Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 2774 04 06 46 41Turkey 1284 01 03 4 57 Thailand 2703 05 06 16 16Switzerland 1151 02 03 43 -23 India 2561 05 06 17 24Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 868 01 02 -7 -9 Nigeria 2518 00 05 302 55Thailand 847 01 02 27 34 Iraq 2490 03 05 65 34Chile 827 01 02 1 45 Angola 2470 01 05 31 57Singapore 812 01 02 -15 0 Argentina 2385 01 05 145 58Malaysia 769 01 02 10 1 Malaysia 2162 07 05 9 -3Colombia 768 01 02 20 23 Chile 1931 04 04 19 6Egypt 718 01 02 9 18 Australia 1786 04 04 10 14Pakistan 696 01 02 48 31 Singapore 1572 02 03 9 42South Africa 690 01 02 16 51 Indonesia 1444 02 03 38 18Bolivarian Rep of Venezuela 613 02 01 2 13 Viet Nam 1346 01 03 23 18Bangladesh 557 00 01 5 -4 Russian Federation 1299 04 03 18 -19Philippines 545 01 01 42 -16 Turkey 1134 02 02 25 64Peru 521 01 01 23 13 Bangladesh 1072 01 02 14 32Argentina 500 00 01 80 81 Israel 993 02 02 17 2Cuba 467 01 01 36 23 South Africa 934 02 02 25 34Israel 401 01 01 22 7 Philippines 925 02 02 33 7New Zealand 385 01 01 18 23 United Arab Emirates 910 00 02 -13 hellipTrinidad and Tobago 345 00 01 25 19 Colombia 808 01 02 8 16Viet Nam 339 00 01 33 32 Bolivarian Rep of Venezuela 741 05 02 -6 -3Sri Lanka 306 00 01 15 -10 Cuba 710 01 02 44 12Morocco 303 00 01 -45 67 Cocircte dIvoire 636 00 01 108 56Ecuador 284 00 01 8 11 Equatorial Guinea 636 01 01 113 -2Ghana 269 00 01 25 55 New Zealand 556 01 01 9 28

Above 40 445288 993 984 - - Above 40 441894 961 955 - -

b In 2011 Canada reported imports from Canada accounting for nearly 1 percent of its total merchandise importsa Imports are valued fob

Merchandise trade of Canada by origin and destination 2011

Annual percentage

change

Annual percentage

change Share Share

Exports Imports a

4 Bilateral trade of leading traders

31World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Table I12

(Million dollars and percentage)

Destination Value Origin Value

2011 2005 2011 2010 2011 2011 2005 2011 2010 2011

Region Region World 1480432 1000 1000 21 16 World 2265894 1000 1000 23 15North America 479841 367 324 24 16 Asia 841716 368 371 23 10Asia 412148 268 278 28 13 North America 585684 268 258 26 14Europe 315721 227 213 11 14 Europe 416485 200 184 14 16South and Central America 166285 79 112 27 21 South and Central America 178846 75 79 20 31Middle East 58356 35 39 9 20 Middle East 106282 38 47 26 38Africa 33204 17 22 16 16 Africa 94857 39 42 35 8CIS 12908 06 09 14 40 CIS 42025 11 19 34 30

Economy Economy Canada 280710 234 190 21 13 China 417303 150 184 24 9European Union (27) 269137 207 182 9 12 European Union (27) 375512 184 166 14 15Mexico 197544 133 133 27 21 Canada 319101 168 141 23 14China 103878 46 70 32 13 Mexico 265347 100 117 30 14Japan 66160 61 45 18 9 Japan 132442 82 58 26 7

Above 5 917429 681 620 - - Above 5 1509705 684 666 - -Korea Republic of 43505 31 29 36 12 Korea Republic of 58580 26 26 25 16Brazil 42943 17 29 35 21 Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 48760 17 22 40 49Hong Kong China 36489 18 25 26 37 Bolivarian Rep of Venezuela 43863 20 19 16 31Singapore 31374 23 21 31 8 Taipei Chinese 42651 21 19 27 15Australia 27512 17 19 11 26 India 37468 11 17 39 22Taipei Chinese 25896 24 17 41 -1 Russian Federation 35511 09 16 40 34Switzerland 24446 12 17 18 18 Nigeria 34348 14 15 59 10India 21628 09 15 17 13 Brazil 32472 15 14 19 30United Arab Emirates 15886 09 11 -4 37 Malaysia 26485 20 12 11 -1Chile 15873 06 11 16 46 Thailand 25746 12 11 19 9Turkey 14632 05 10 49 39 Switzerland 24868 08 11 20 28Colombia 14315 06 10 27 19 Colombia 23721 05 10 37 46Malaysia 14217 12 10 34 2 Israel 23250 10 10 12 10Israel 13956 11 09 18 24 Indonesia 19992 07 09 27 15Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 13820 08 09 7 19 Singapore 19363 09 09 12 9Bolivarian Rep of Venezuela 12351 07 08 14 16 Viet Nam 18454 04 08 22 16Thailand 10927 08 07 30 22 Iraq 17365 06 08 30 38Argentina 9878 05 07 33 33 Algeria 14913 06 07 34 0Peru 8319 03 06 37 23 Angola 13833 05 06 27 13Russian Federation 8285 04 06 11 39 Costa Rica 10370 02 05 54 16Panama 8248 02 06 39 36 Australia 10361 04 05 7 18Philippines 7706 08 05 28 4 Ecuador 10034 04 04 40 28Indonesia 7415 03 05 36 7 Chile 9728 04 04 16 27Dominican Republic 7346 05 05 24 12 South Africa 9648 03 04 40 16South Africa 7294 04 05 26 30 Philippines 9480 06 04 18 14Guatemala 6205 03 04 14 39 Norway 8563 04 04 22 19Egypt 6183 04 04 30 -10 Trinidad and Tobago 8513 05 04 25 21Honduras 6139 04 04 36 33 Kuwait 8010 03 04 41 43Costa Rica 6118 04 04 10 18 Peru 6537 03 03 21 22Ecuador 6040 02 04 39 11 Turkey 5463 03 02 15 24Nigeria 4815 02 03 10 19 Bangladesh 5082 02 02 17 12Viet Nam 4341 01 03 19 17 Argentina 4732 03 02 -3 18Norway 3632 02 02 13 17 Honduras 4692 02 02 18 14New Zealand 3497 03 02 31 24 Gabon 4659 02 02 77 105Bahamas 3418 02 02 31 6 Hong Kong China 4412 05 02 21 -1

Above 40 1412078 964 954 - - Above 40 2191633 967 967 - -

Annual percentage

change

Merchandise trade of the United States by origin and destination 2011

Annual percentage

change Share Share

Exports Imports

32 World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Table I13

(Million dollars and percentage)

Destination Value Origin Value

2011 2005 2011 2010 2011 2011 2005 2011 2010 2011

Region Region

World 6038597 1000 1000 12 17 World 6255558 1000 1000 13 17Europe 4293810 735 711 10 17 Europe 4239897 703 678 10 16Asia 575412 75 95 24 21 Asia 824999 123 132 21 10North America 433089 89 72 15 15 CIS 356204 56 57 28 36CIS 210719 25 35 22 30 North America 307863 42 49 10 16Africa 183490 26 30 10 13 Africa 203123 31 32 19 15Middle East 159228 27 26 9 15 Middle East 138009 20 22 38 44South and Central America 109472 13 18 32 21 South and Central America 132179 18 21 20 22

Economy Economy

European Union (27) 3905709 678 647 10 16 European Union (27) a 3905709 652 624 10 16United States 362942 77 60 13 13 China 406867 47 65 25 9Switzerland 169376 25 28 13 21 United States 256584 48 41 7 14China 189644 16 31 31 26 Russian Federation 277571 33 44 29 31Russian Federation 150924 17 25 25 32 Switzerland 126973 20 20 7 15

Above 5 4778596 814 791 - - Above 5 4973705 801 795 - -Turkey 101192 14 17 32 25 Norway 130209 20 21 10 24Japan 68149 13 11 16 17 Japan 93933 22 15 10 8Norway 64815 10 11 6 17 Turkey 66258 11 11 11 18India 56272 07 09 21 22 Korea Republic of 50273 10 08 16 -3United Arab Emirates 45451 08 08 6 24 Brazil 52705 07 08 22 22Brazil 49734 05 08 38 20 India 54853 06 09 24 25Korea Republic of 45179 06 07 23 22 Taipei Chinese 33419 07 05 28 4Canada 41228 07 07 16 17 Algeria 38567 06 06 15 38Australia 42887 06 07 17 21 Libya 14530 06 02 33 -63Hong Kong China 42013 06 07 30 18 Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 39150 07 06 33 81Singapore 37762 05 06 14 17 Canada 31837 05 05 20 19Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 36779 05 06 16 20 Malaysia 29299 05 05 35 6South Africa 35685 06 06 27 26 Singapore 26383 05 04 22 6Mexico 33152 05 05 27 17 South Africa 24740 05 04 14 4Ukraine 29496 04 05 18 28 Thailand 24417 04 04 15 6Algeria 23952 03 04 0 16 Kazakhstan 31832 03 05 40 51Israel 23458 04 04 20 23 Nigeria 33617 02 05 32 75Taipei Chinese 22564 04 04 40 15 Indonesia 22510 03 04 13 22Morocco 21116 04 03 9 16 Iran 22749 03 04 47 18Egypt 19409 03 03 12 -1 Mexico 22658 03 04 25 30Iran 14602 04 02 3 -3 Ukraine 20977 03 03 38 38Croatia 15969 03 03 -9 17 Israel 17623 03 03 19 20Malaysia 16586 03 03 11 11 Hong Kong China 14172 03 02 7 0Tunisia 15216 02 03 17 3 Australia 16401 03 03 15 26Nigeria 17360 02 03 10 23 Chile 15255 02 02 20 22Thailand 16502 02 03 24 25 Viet Nam 17840 02 03 17 40Serbia 11925 01 02 7 21 Azerbaijan 20660 01 03 26 60Argentina 11580 01 02 48 18 Argentina 14858 02 02 8 20Indonesia 10235 01 02 16 21 Tunisia 13747 02 02 13 9Chile 10651 01 02 27 33 Morocco 12113 03 02 12 18Belarus 10046 01 02 26 14 Egypt 13248 02 02 11 38Kazakhstan 8351 01 01 -6 21 United Arab Emirates 12321 03 02 47 60Libya 2924 01 00 1 -67 Iraq 13171 01 02 6 39Qatar 6800 01 01 -4 -4 Qatar 18700 00 03 136 79Gibraltar 11057 01 02 35 72 Bangladesh 11954 01 02 9 35

Above 40 5798689 965 960 - - Above 40 6050685 970 967 - -

a The figures are affected by the INTRASTAT system of recording trade between EU member States Intra-EU (27) imports are under-recorded To compensate for this under-recording intra-EU (27) exports have been used to obtain total (World) imports

Exports Imports

Merchandise trade of the European Union (27) by origin and destination 2011

Annual percentage

change

Annual percentage

change Share Share

33World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Table I14

(Million dollars and percentage)

Destination Value Origin Value

2011 2005 2011 2010 2011 2011 2005 2011 2010 2011

Region Region

World 822564 1000 1000 33 7 World 854998 1000 1000 26 23Asia 482969 510 587 37 7 Asia 442550 499 518 28 22North America 146824 255 178 27 5 Middle East 161154 169 188 28 36Europe 109819 157 134 21 11 North America 93078 149 109 15 12South and Central America 17843 16 22 47 0 Europe 91331 127 107 12 20Middle East 24562 28 30 17 -3 South and Central America 29275 24 34 45 28Africa 9899 12 12 26 -2 CIS 20005 13 23 78 17CIS 13760 09 17 122 51 Africa 17106 19 20 28 46

Economy Economy

China 162062 135 197 36 8 China 183818 210 215 25 20United States 127679 229 155 26 6 European Union (27) 80228 114 94 12 21European Union (27) 95909 148 117 20 10 United States 76141 127 89 14 10Korea Republic of 66167 78 80 32 6 Australia 56472 47 66 29 26Taipei Chinese 50961 73 62 44 -3 Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 50514 56 59 23 40

Above 5 502778 662 611 - - Above 5 447173 553 523 - -Hong Kong China a 42954 60 52 33 2 United Arab Emirates 42909 49 50 29 46Thailand 37531 38 46 54 10 Korea Republic of 39798 47 47 30 39Singapore 27265 31 33 22 8 Indonesia 34061 40 40 29 21Malaysia 18796 21 23 37 7 Malaysia 30463 28 36 36 34Australia 17818 21 22 30 12 Qatar 30083 21 35 37 38Indonesia 17739 15 22 71 11 Thailand 24508 30 29 31 17Panama 14939 12 18 21 -4 Taipei Chinese 23254 35 27 26 1Russian Federation 11819 08 14 144 48 Russian Federation 18972 12 22 82 18Philippines 11229 15 14 35 1 Kuwait 13113 15 15 15 27India 11079 06 13 43 23 Canada 12954 17 15 19 19Mexico 10229 12 12 39 8 Iran Islamic Rep of 12902 20 15 20 15Viet Nam 9595 06 12 25 17 Brazil 12795 09 15 55 30Switzerland 9230 04 11 24 19 Viet Nam 11556 09 14 17 41Canada 8911 15 11 20 -4 Chile 9977 10 12 43 32United Arab Emirates 7438 08 09 13 1 Philippines 8921 15 10 23 13Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 6497 07 08 20 0 Singapore 8671 13 10 34 6Brazil 6207 05 08 46 0 South Africa 8427 11 10 44 17South Africa 4316 06 05 47 13 Switzerland 7837 10 09 8 15Liberia 3300 02 04 32 69 India 6812 06 08 52 20Turkey 3071 04 04 59 20 Brunei Darussalam 5542 04 06 19 40Oman 2796 02 03 34 -11 Oman 5145 05 06 37 14Chile 2346 02 03 103 -14 Mexico 3984 05 05 24 14Israel 2181 02 03 56 23 Iraq 3728 01 04 143 9New Zealand 1925 04 02 26 1 New Zealand 3106 05 04 27 15Marshall Islands 1868 00 02 138 -6 Peru 2393 01 03 28 13Iran Islamic Rep of 1709 02 02 27 -18 Norway 2350 02 03 18 21Pakistan 1699 03 02 30 29 Sudan 2264 04 03 13 86Colombia 1497 01 02 60 20 Nigeria 1657 02 02 1 206Norway 1427 02 02 5 29 Hong Kong China 1543 03 02 38 1Kuwait 1349 02 02 16 -5 Equatorial Guinea 1323 00 02 -54 268Egypt 1344 01 02 7 -8 Israel 1081 02 01 2 30Bangladesh 1075 01 01 34 5 Argentina 1078 01 01 58 8Qatar 1019 02 01 -30 -11 Papua New Guinea 944 01 01 42 -3Argentina 977 01 01 41 14 Egypt 875 00 01 52 90Sri Lanka 945 01 01 209 50 Kazakhstan 763 01 01 81 27

Above 40 806900 983 981 - - Above 40 842964 987 986 - -

a Includes significant shipments recorded as exports to Hong Kong China with China as final destination

Merchandise trade of Japan by origin and destination 2011

Annual percentage

change

Annual percentage

change Share Share

Exports Imports

34 World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Table I15

(Million dollars and percentage)

Value Share Value Share

2010 2010 2005-10 2009 2010 2010 2010 2005-10 2009 2010

European Union (27)

World 1604379 1000 6 -13 4 World 1419238 1000 6 -12 2European Union (27) 899923 561 6 -14 2 European Union (27) 828036 583 5 -12 1United States 168349 105 2 -15 2 United States 172830 122 4 -11 0Switzerland 93115 58 8 -9 4 Switzerland 67897 48 8 -9 2Russian Federation 30531 19 15 -18 19 China 21637 15 12 -15 14China 29521 18 14 -11 11 Japan 19628 14 5 -24 10

Above 5 1221439 761 - - - Above 5 1110028 782 - - -Japan 25812 16 1 -14 5 Russian Federation 18534 13 9 -23 18Norway 24353 15 6 -11 1 Turkey 18200 13 5 -15 14Australia 18874 12 12 -8 13 Norway 13836 10 4 -19 -1Singapore 17505 11 10 -14 13 Singapore 12397 09 11 -17 14Canada 17358 11 9 -11 14 Canada 12229 09 6 -18 9India 14193 09 17 -3 14 India 11420 08 13 -14 13Brazil 12915 08 17 -12 -1 Hong Kong China 9831 07 8 -22 7Hong Kong China 11713 07 2 -24 15 Australia 8914 06 4 -15 11Turkey 10534 07 12 -10 18 Egypt 8783 06 7 -14 10Korea Republic of 9966 06 6 -28 17 Brazil 7475 05 9 -7 -14

Above 15 1384662 863 - - - Above 15 1231647 868 - - -United States

World 532142 1000 8 -6 8 World 369907 1000 6 -7 6European Union (27) 169098 318 -12 -1 European Union (27) 125399 339 -12 2Canada 50521 95 9 -5 18 Bermuda 31740 86 21 36 -6Japan 44750 84 2 -4 12 Canada 25579 69 3 -11 15Mexico 24110 45 2 -11 4 Japan 23541 64 3 -14 12China 21135 40 20 6 32 Switzerland 19665 53 10 -2 6

Above 5 309614 582 - - - Above 5 225924 611 - - -Switzerland 20313 38 12 -5 8 Mexico 13730 37 -1 -13 1Brazil 16515 31 23 8 26 India 13661 37 22 -1 11Korea Republic of 15105 28 10 -1 18 China 9967 27 10 -12 22Australia 13168 25 12 0 10 Korea Republic of 7756 21 6 -12 21Bermuda 11061 21 18 14 1 Hong Kong China 6492 18 5 -20 12India 10319 19 15 -4 5 Taipei Chinese 6330 17 0 -22 24Singapore 9709 18 12 -3 38 Australia 5600 15 4 -6 5Taipei Chinese 9292 17 10 7 44 Brazil 5232 14 22 2 5Hong Kong China 5507 10 8 -1 -4 Israel 4044 11 11 1 3Venezuela Bolivarian Rep of 5013 09 14 3 -3 Singapore 3771 10 1 -9 8

Above 15 425616 800 - - - Above 15 302507 818 - - -China a

World 170248 1000 18 -12 32 World 192174 1000 18 0 22Hong Kong China 49426 290 -11 33 Hong Kong China 33777 176 0 28European Union (27) 18508 109 -19 8 European Union (27) 28500 148 -14 40Japan 11439 67 -12 20 United States 21135 110 -33 35United States 9967 59 -64 22 Japan 18233 95 3 20Taipei Chinese 7568 44 -2 18 Korea Republic of 11233 58 -3 11

Above 5 96908 569 - - - Above 5 112878 587 - - -Korea Republic of 6845 40 -28 22 Australia 8161 42 -14 36Singapore 6186 36 -4 19 Macao China 5304 28 -3 -26Macao China 2920 17 -30 -3 Taipei Chinese 5082 26 12 112Australia 1635 10 -25 49 Singapore 4806 25 17 20

Above 9 114495 673 - - - Above 9 136231 709 - - -

Trade in commercial services of selected economies by origin and destination 2010

Annual percentage change

Annual percentage change

Exports Imports

35World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Table I15 (continued)

(Million dollars and percentage)

Value Share Value Share

2010 2010 2005-10 2009 2010 2010 2010 2005-10 2009 2010

Japan

World 138705 1000 6 -14 10 World 155611 1000 5 -12 6United States 36232 261 -7 6 United States 44530 286 -9 7European Union (27) 33368 241 -21 0 European Union (27) 32374 208 -9 2Singapore 12837 93 -25 23 China 8915 57 -1 2China 10155 73 -13 29 Singapore 8086 52 -24 17Taipei Chinese 9229 67 0 37 Korea Republic of 6652 43 -28 13

Above 5 101819 734 - - - Above 5 100557 646 - - -Indonesia 3451 25 -12 91 Hong Kong China 5466 35 -27 14Korea Republic of 3414 25 -19 -10 Taipei Chinese 4642 30 -16 24Thailand 2951 21 -49 15 Australia 3615 23 -4 6Australia 2607 19 23 -5 Thailand 3051 20 -6 6Switzerland 2257 16 -32 22 Switzerland 2783 18 -16 5Canada 2109 15 -41 3 United Arab Emirates 1971 13 -21 -46India 2071 15 -19 60 Indonesia 1814 12 -4 7Hong Kong China 2061 15 -27 hellip Canada 1687 11 -9 20Brazil 1138 08 12 23 Philippines 1686 11 -14 14Malaysia 1069 08 hellip 122 Russian Federation 1445 09 86 56

Above 15 124945 901 - - - Above 15 128716 827 - - -Hong Kong China b

World 106089 1000 11 -6 23 World 50855 1000 8 -7 16China 29670 280 13 1 30 China 13481 265 8 -3 16United States 22253 210 12 -7 23 European Union (27) 8623 170 -8 14European Union (27) 19552 184 -8 22 United States 7384 145 8 -5 13Japan 6205 58 7 -8 14 Japan 4139 81 7 -13 21Taipei Chinese 4453 42 0 -19 16 Singapore 3055 60 16 -6 20

Above 5 82133 774 - - - Above 5 36682 721 - - -Australia 2881 27 14 -8 23 Australia 2562 50 4 -6 19Singapore 2835 27 10 -4 15 Taipei Chinese 2228 44 10 -5 22Korea Republic of 2531 24 11 -20 28 Canada 1346 26 7 -20 20Canada 1612 15 10 -19 22 Thailand 900 18 -1 -17 13Malaysia 1356 13 12 -11 22 Korea Republic of 892 18 2 -7 19Switzerland 1329 13 16 -3 53 Macao China 804 16 12 2 18India 1264 12 18 4 31 India 802 16 18 -15 26Indonesia 971 09 18 -9 107 Malaysia 769 15 10 2 8Thailand 930 09 5 -10 27 Switzerland 420 08 12 2 21Philippines 788 07 8 -3 15 Philippines 420 08 4 -24 16

Above 15 98630 930 - - - Above 15 47825 940 - - -Korea Republic of

World 86266 1000 12 -19 19 World 94956 1000 10 -17 19China 13728 159 18 -26 41 United States 25642 270 9 -8 19United States 13055 151 3 -18 15 European Union (27) 17884 188 11 -20 12Japan 10780 125 10 -10 27 China 10585 111 11 -19 23European Union (27) 9778 113 8 -34 28 Japan 8972 94 4 -22 20United Arab Emirates 5040 58 53 148 -8 Hong Kong China 4633 49 13 -38 28

Above 5 52381 607 - - - Above 5 67716 713 - - -Hong Kong China 4142 48 8 -28 33 Singapore 3655 38 7 -30 29Singapore 3452 40 20 -23 16 Australia 2387 25 11 -8 44Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 2172 25 26 41 -11 Viet Nam 2100 22 22 -5 33Taipei Chinese 1953 23 6 -40 55 United Arab Emirates 1751 18 29 -2 34India 1649 19 27 13 26 Canada 1569 17 4 -11 21Viet Nam 1532 18 32 -21 13 Indonesia 1520 16 18 -5 28Australia 1394 16 23 76 11 Taipei Chinese 1347 14 11 -19 36Russian Federation 1339 16 24 -47 73 Philippines 1290 14 9 -37 108Thailand 1304 15 7 -15 12 Thailand 1193 13 4 -20 34Malaysia 1004 12 13 -28 50 India 817 09 20 8 15

Above 15 72323 838 - - - Above 15 85344 899 - - -

Trade in commercial services of selected economies by origin and destination 2010

Annual percentage change

Annual percentage change

Exports Imports

36 World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Table I15 (continued)

(Million dollars and percentage)

Value Share Value Share

2010 2010 2005-10 2009 2010 2010 2010 2005-10 2009 2010

Canada World 67432 1000 4 -12 15 World 89963 1000 7 -11 15United States 36726 545 3 -10 14 United States 51903 577 6 -10 17European Union (27) 12064 179 4 -19 20 European Union (27) 14112 157 6 -11 6Japan 1150 17 -1 -24 34 Japan 1358 15 -7 -18 11

Above 3 49941 741 - - - Above 3 67373 749 - - -Russian Federation c

World 44466 1000 12 -19 8 World 71629 1000 14 -20 21European Union (27) 16785 377 11 -22 5 European Union (27) 30923 432 13 -16 16United States 3727 84 11 -2 3 Turkey 4841 68 7 -34 13Ukraine 2202 50 15 -38 5 United States 3825 53 15 -3 4Switzerland 1821 41 11 -8 18 Ukraine 3439 48 11 -9 32Kazakhstan 1499 34 16 -15 8 Egypt 2994 42 25 13 47

Above 5 26034 585 - - - Above 5 46022 642 - - -Turkey 1220 27 6 -45 1 Switzerland 2167 30 17 -6 17British Virgin Islands 1179 27 19 -11 13 China 1362 19 7 -38 37China 992 22 9 -5 20 Belarus 1097 15 21 -20 43Uzbekistan 959 22 34 -26 -10 Panama 1058 15 -6 4Tajikistan 642 14 31 -36 2 Thailand 1000 14 -12 105Belarus 598 13 15 -21 37 United Arab Emirates 876 12 16 -12 32Korea Republic of 555 12 8 -10 3 Kazakhstan 719 10 7 -24 -7Azerbaijan 504 11 20 -14 22 Korea Republic of 674 09 21 21 8Panama 476 11 28 -12 7 Israel 636 09 10 2 7Japan 472 11 -2 -11 6 British Virgin Islands 622 09 31 -31 74

Above 15 33631 756 - - - Above 15 56234 785 - - -Australia

World 46944 1000 9 -9 16 World 50036 1000 11 -15 23European Union (27) 7727 165 4 -9 14 European Union (27) 11497 230 10 -11 28China 5358 114 18 5 28 United States 8625 172 12 -13 15United States 4431 94 6 -13 10 Singapore 3192 64 7 -34 19New Zealand 2989 64 4 -16 19 New Zealand 2450 49 10 -4 11India 2845 61 25 13 0 Japan 2001 40 8 -21 23

Above 5 23349 497 - - - Above 5 27766 555 - - -Singapore 2362 50 5 -29 4 Thailand 1782 36 21 0 2Japan 1894 40 -4 -20 20 Hong Kong China 1761 35 7 -18 24Korea Republic of 1749 37 11 -9 24 Indonesia 1645 33 21 18 49Hong Kong China 1542 33 5 -4 18 China 1497 30 10 -14 33Malaysia 1507 32 9 -1 19 Switzerland 1467 29 15 -28 49Indonesia 1094 23 12 8 23 Fiji 1051 21 14 -10 42Thailand 914 19 13 7 11 Malaysia 1029 21 12 -15 37Viet Nam 857 18 35 32 32 Canada 722 14 8 -19 14Switzerland 751 16 16 -1 23 Viet Nam 638 13 15 -16 36Canada 690 15 11 -11 17 India 593 12 19 -12 15

Above 15 36709 782 - - - Above 15 39951 798 - - -

b Financial intermediation services are not allocated geographically In 2010 they represented 1 per cent of exports and 1 per cent of importsc In 2010 trade in commercial services not allocated geographically accounted for 12 per cent of exports and 15 per cent of importsNote For more information on asymmetries see the Metadata

Trade in commercial services of selected economies by origin and destination 2010

Annual percentage change

Annual percentage change

Exports Imports

a ASEAN countries accounted for 7 per cent of total commercial services exports and 9 per cent of imports

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5 Regional trade agreements

Table I16

(Million dollars and percentage)

Destination Value Value Value

2011 2005 2011 2010 2011 2011 2005 2011 2010 2011 2011 2005 2011 2010 2011

Exports

CanadaAgricultural products 60 114 133 19 15 31 89 91 17 12 29 255 254 22 19Fuels and mining products 154 257 341 31 27 126 270 373 31 24 28 186 247 32 41Manufactures 204 572 451 19 10 164 586 487 20 10 40 496 346 14 9Total exports 452 1000 1000 23 17 337 1000 1000 22 15 115 1000 1000 23 23

MexicoAgricultural products 23 59 66 13 22 18 55 63 14 20 5 81 78 12 31Fuels and mining products 69 167 198 38 39 54 152 188 34 35 16 274 244 53 55Manufactures 247 770 707 30 11 206 788 720 29 9 41 642 647 33 24Total exports 350 1000 1000 30 17 286 1000 1000 29 14 64 1000 1000 35 31

United StatesAgricultural products 168 92 114 19 18 46 78 96 13 17 122 100 122 22 18Fuels and mining products 185 56 125 45 44 58 67 121 53 47 127 50 127 42 43Manufactures 1048 810 708 18 11 361 828 753 22 12 687 800 686 16 10Total exports 1480 1000 1000 21 16 479 1000 1000 24 16 1001 1000 1000 20 16

NAFTAAgricultural products 251 93 110 19 18 95 77 86 14 16 157 113 133 22 19Fuels and mining products 409 121 179 38 36 238 162 216 36 32 171 71 145 41 44Manufactures 1499 746 657 20 11 731 730 663 24 11 768 768 651 16 11Total exports 2282 1000 1000 23 16 1102 1000 1000 25 15 1180 1000 1000 21 17

Imports

CanadaAgricultural products 37 68 81 12 14 23 70 88 10 12 15 66 72 17 18Fuels and mining products 70 120 152 34 34 28 73 108 37 37 43 194 209 32 31Manufactures 334 789 722 21 11 199 835 769 23 11 135 715 663 17 12Total imports 463 1000 1000 22 15 259 1000 1000 23 13 204 1000 1000 21 17

MexicoAgricultural products 30 74 83 16 24 24 102 125 16 24 6 38 37 18 27Fuels and mining products 47 80 130 52 42 35 96 186 56 53 12 58 67 43 17Manufactures 276 835 765 27 12 128 799 675 26 12 148 882 865 28 12Total imports 361 1000 1000 28 16 190 1000 1000 28 20 171 1000 1000 29 13

United StatesAgricultural products 137 55 61 16 18 47 77 79 17 13 91 47 54 15 20Fuels and mining products 523 194 231 31 28 175 233 299 31 27 348 180 207 31 29Manufactures 1523 715 672 22 11 335 639 572 27 9 1188 743 707 21 12Total imports 2266 1000 1000 23 15 586 1000 1000 26 14 1680 1000 1000 22 15

NAFTAAgricultural products 205 59 66 15 18 93 79 90 15 15 111 48 54 15 20Fuels and mining products 640 172 207 33 30 238 170 230 35 31 402 173 196 31 29Manufactures 2133 738 691 22 11 662 714 640 25 10 1471 750 716 21 12Total imports 3090 1000 1000 23 15 1034 1000 1000 25 15 2055 1000 1000 22 15

NAFTA Other origindestination

Annual percentage

change

Merchandise trade of NAFTA countries by major product group and by origindestination 2011

Annual percentage

change Share Share Share

Annual percentage

change

World

38 World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Table I17

(Million dollars and percentage)

Destination Value Value Value

2011 2005 2011 2010 2011 2011 2005 2011 2010 2011 2011 2005 2011 2010 2011

Exports Argentina

Agricultural products 45 475 539 23 31 5 234 238 25 34 40 532 638 23 30Fuels and mining products 8 195 97 7 -1 2 181 117 -5 23 6 198 91 1 0Manufactures 26 304 314 23 20 13 585 645 30 16 13 238 206 16 25Total exports 84 1000 1000 22 23 21 1000 1000 24 21 63 1000 1000 22 24

BrazilAgricultural products 86 296 338 19 26 2 57 54 26 19 85 322 372 19 26Fuels and mining products 78 160 304 72 38 4 77 142 8 59 74 169 324 143 0Manufactures 84 521 328 22 18 22 865 803 50 19 62 483 270 15 18Total exports 256 1000 1000 32 27 28 1000 1000 43 23 228 1000 1000 31 27

ParaguayAgricultural products 5 846 875 43 20 2 841 843 44 27 2 852 908 42 15Fuels and mining products 0 14 17 103 141 0 21 18 68 149 0 05 15 525 0Manufactures 1 138 107 42 22 0 138 139 39 30 0 138 74 48 10Total exports 6 1000 1000 43 22 3 1000 1000 43 28 3 1000 1000 43 15

UruguayAgricultural products 6 634 722 22 18 1 348 406 24 5 5 719 860 22 21Fuels and mining products 0 53 10 131 -59 0 41 27 405 -63 0 56 03 -67 0Manufactures 2 296 256 24 28 1 612 567 37 32 1 202 121 5 20Total exports 8 1000 1000 24 18 2 1000 1000 39 12 6 1000 1000 18 21

MERCOSURAgricultural products 142 353 403 21 27 10 166 182 29 26 132 380 442 21 27Fuels and mining products 86 165 244 60 33 6 111 121 5 39 80 173 266 121 0Manufactures 113 459 320 23 19 37 723 697 42 18 76 420 252 15 19Total exports 353 1000 1000 29 26 54 1000 1000 35 22 300 1000 1000 29 26

ImportsArgentina

Agricultural products 3 43 35 9 21 1 55 42 -14 17 2 36 31 31 23Fuels and mining products 12 84 156 75 92 3 101 110 69 35 9 73 176 288 0Manufactures 59 863 794 44 23 19 844 848 49 21 39 877 770 42 24Total imports 74 1000 1000 46 31 23 1000 1000 46 22 51 1000 1000 46 35

BrazilAgricultural products 14 59 60 33 25 6 284 286 21 22 8 35 38 44 26Fuels and mining products 52 222 220 63 36 2 162 97 14 18 50 228 231 127 0Manufactures 171 719 720 40 20 13 553 616 41 10 158 737 730 39 21Total imports 237 1000 1000 43 24 21 1000 1000 32 14 216 1000 1000 45 25

ParaguayAgricultural products 1 94 80 31 22 1 155 135 25 17 0 44 40 56 38Fuels and mining products 2 155 140 19 37 1 207 214 52 27 1 111 86 28 0Manufactures 10 751 779 51 20 3 637 650 52 26 6 845 872 51 18Total imports 12 1000 1000 45 23 5 1000 1000 47 25 7 1000 1000 43 21

UruguayAgricultural products 1 112 132 23 37 1 180 230 12 45 0 63 70 49 23Fuels and mining products 2 259 215 0 33 1 105 164 -74 236 2 370 248 68 0Manufactures 7 629 652 34 21 3 716 606 27 13 4 567 681 39 26Total imports 11 1000 1000 25 24 4 1000 1000 -1 34 7 1000 1000 46 19

MERCOSURAgricultural products 19 58 57 28 25 9 148 162 15 23 11 36 38 42 26Fuels and mining products 68 186 202 59 43 6 130 120 18 36 61 200 218 137 0Manufactures 246 754 736 41 21 38 722 718 45 17 207 761 740 40 22Total imports 334 1000 1000 43 25 53 1000 1000 36 20 280 1000 1000 45 26

MERCOSUR Other origindestination

Annual percentage

change

Merchandise trade of MERCOSUR countries by major product group and by origindestination 2011

Annual percentage

change Share Share Share

Annual percentage

change

World

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Table I18

(Million dollars and percentage)

Destination Value Value Value

2011 2005 2011 2010 2011 2011 2005 2011 2010 2011 2011 2005 2011 2010 2011

Exports Bolivia Plurinational State of

Agricultural products 1 220 132 -1 10 0 799 595 -5 6 1 148 88 3 13Fuels and mining products 7 642 801 36 39 0 104 364 103 49 6 709 842 35 38Manufactures 0 109 39 41 -18 0 94 41 12 10 0 111 38 44 -21Total exports 8 1000 1000 28 32 1 1000 1000 13 18 8 1000 1000 30 34

ColombiaAgricultural products 7 217 124 -3 23 0 93 100 22 23 7 231 125 -4 23Fuels and mining products 37 406 652 42 60 0 254 143 173 -9 37 422 685 41 62Manufactures 10 347 174 -3 14 3 653 756 31 17 7 314 137 -11 13Total exports 57 1000 1000 21 43 3 1000 1000 43 13 54 1000 1000 20 46

EcuadorAgricultural products 7 318 334 7 25 0 143 166 2 47 7 345 358 7 24Fuels and mining products 13 586 585 39 33 1 567 530 48 33 12 588 592 38 33Manufactures 2 71 75 40 0 1 290 302 26 16 1 38 43 55 -12Total exports 22 1000 1000 26 28 3 1000 1000 32 29 20 1000 1000 25 27

PeruAgricultural products 8 182 170 22 33 0 165 199 17 38 7 183 169 22 32Fuels and mining products 23 486 495 49 29 1 372 276 50 -1 22 491 507 49 31Manufactures 5 141 106 17 28 1 464 526 23 21 4 125 84 15 31Total exports 46 1000 1000 32 30 2 1000 1000 29 17 44 1000 1000 32 31

Andean CommunityAgricultural products 23 225 175 7 26 2 168 183 6 27 22 231 175 7 26Fuels and mining products 80 481 596 43 44 3 358 309 69 16 77 493 617 42 45Manufactures 17 210 126 6 15 5 474 507 28 18 12 185 97 0 14Total exports 134 1000 1000 26 35 9 1000 1000 34 19 125 1000 1000 26 36

Imports Bolivia Plurinational State of

Agricultural products 1 116 89 7 49 0 158 186 19 101 1 112 80 5 41Fuels and mining products 1 111 147 38 62 0 45 50 63 7 1 118 157 37 65Manufactures 6 762 761 23 39 1 793 763 18 25 5 759 760 23 41Total imports 8 1000 1000 18 42 1 1000 1000 20 33 7 1000 1000 18 43

ColombiaAgricultural products 6 104 105 19 27 1 298 212 1 13 5 90 97 23 30Fuels and mining products 5 52 88 59 66 0 129 105 52 26 4 47 87 60 70Manufactures 44 832 796 22 33 2 572 683 31 39 41 851 804 21 33Total imports 55 1000 1000 24 34 4 1000 1000 24 31 51 1000 1000 24 35

EcuadorAgricultural products 2 87 98 21 23 1 96 178 31 25 2 86 86 19 23Fuels and mining products 6 123 236 62 24 0 248 145 69 -21 5 98 249 61 31Manufactures 16 723 663 32 15 2 655 676 34 6 14 737 661 31 17Total imports 24 1000 1000 36 18 3 1000 1000 39 4 21 1000 1000 36 20

PeruAgricultural products 4 132 118 33 25 0 129 137 16 9 4 133 116 36 27Fuels and mining products 6 207 167 40 37 2 579 544 45 27 4 145 127 38 42Manufactures 27 660 707 38 24 1 291 318 35 9 26 722 748 38 24Total imports 38 1000 1000 38 26 4 1000 1000 36 18 34 1000 1000 38 27

Andean CommunityAgricultural products 13 108 106 23 27 2 166 176 13 19 11 101 100 25 28Fuels and mining products 18 113 145 51 40 3 321 257 51 15 15 87 134 51 46Manufactures 92 758 741 28 27 6 513 566 32 19 86 789 758 28 28Total imports 125 1000 1000 30 29 11 1000 1000 32 18 114 1000 1000 30 30

Andean Community Other origindestination

Annual percentage

change

Merchandise trade of Andean Community countries by major product group and by origindestination 2011

Annual percentage

change Share Share Share

Annual percentage

change

World

40 World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Table I19

(Million dollars and percentage)

Destination Value a

Value Value

2011 2005 2011 2010 2011 2011 2005 2011 2010 2011 2011 2005 2011 2010 2011

Exports Indonesia

Agricultural products 47 167 237 39 32 8 126 186 44 23 40 176 250 38 34Fuels and mining products 84 361 416 39 34 17 245 414 37 39 66 388 417 40 33Manufactures 67 469 336 22 15 16 621 382 26 9 52 435 324 21 17Total exports 201 1000 1000 32 27 42 1000 1000 32 24 159 1000 1000 32 28

MalaysiaAgricultural products 39 95 171 38 35 7 69 122 36 33 32 104 187 39 35Fuels and mining products 46 146 202 38 30 12 195 216 22 17 34 129 197 46 35Manufactures 141 749 620 22 6 37 721 655 24 6 104 759 609 21 6Total exports 227 1000 1000 26 14 56 1000 1000 25 11 171 1000 1000 27 15

PhilippinesAgricultural products 5 66 112 30 31 1 55 88 28 39 5 68 117 30 30Fuels and mining products 4 41 85 43 28 1 65 148 47 41 3 36 71 42 22Manufactures 39 890 798 34 -12 7 879 764 111 -35 32 893 805 20 -5Total exports 48 1000 1000 34 -6 9 1000 1000 98 -25 40 1000 1000 23 -1

SingaporeAgricultural products 10 19 25 26 30 4 25 33 24 36 6 17 21 28 25Fuels and mining products 86 130 211 37 42 42 175 324 48 51 45 109 159 29 35Manufactures 283 805 692 28 11 80 783 621 23 11 203 815 724 31 11Total exports 410 1000 1000 30 16 129 1000 1000 30 21 280 1000 1000 30 14

ThailandAgricultural products 48 160 208 26 35 9 126 164 41 29 39 170 222 22 37Fuels and mining products 16 55 70 29 33 9 133 175 47 37 7 34 38 10 26Manufactures 159 760 696 29 13 36 724 659 33 18 123 770 708 28 11Total exports 229 1000 1000 28 17 54 1000 1000 36 22 175 1000 1000 26 16

ASEANAgricultural products 177 95 142 32 33 33 69 105 37 27 144 104 155 31 35Fuels and mining products 267 161 215 34 36 95 200 300 35 38 172 148 186 34 35Manufactures 758 721 610 28 11 183 717 582 29 10 575 722 620 27 11Total exports 1242 1000 1000 29 18 315 1000 1000 32 18 928 1000 1000 28 18

ImportsIndonesia

Agricultural products 22 88 126 42 43 4 45 87 63 83 18 108 142 39 36Fuels and mining products 47 257 266 50 46 22 388 434 61 41 25 195 197 41 51Manufactures 106 654 597 40 23 24 566 478 33 18 81 697 645 42 25Total imports 177 1000 1000 44 31 51 1000 1000 45 31 126 1000 1000 44 30

MalaysiaAgricultural products 21 63 113 30 32 9 86 173 37 33 12 55 90 26 31Fuels and mining products 33 117 174 60 31 15 204 282 48 37 18 87 133 70 27Manufactures 130 788 692 30 8 28 688 529 44 4 102 822 755 26 9Total imports 188 1000 1000 33 14 52 1000 1000 44 16 136 1000 1000 29 13

PhilippinesAgricultural products 7 78 110 22 3 2 125 132 49 -28 5 67 104 8 24Fuels and mining products 15 156 233 31 22 3 215 207 58 -24 12 142 241 20 46Manufactures 42 764 657 27 7 10 654 660 33 4 32 789 656 25 8Total imports 64 1000 1000 27 9 15 1000 1000 41 -8 49 1000 1000 23 16

SingaporeAgricultural products 14 32 38 24 26 5 49 70 24 26 8 26 29 24 27Fuels and mining products 126 192 344 34 47 26 160 336 17 59 100 204 347 39 44Manufactures 220 761 601 24 9 45 781 581 31 -5 174 754 606 22 13Total imports 366 1000 1000 26 18 78 1000 1000 26 5 288 1000 1000 26 22

ThailandAgricultural products 15 60 66 28 27 3 64 67 24 30 13 59 66 29 26Fuels and mining products 54 216 236 33 34 12 284 297 13 31 42 200 223 40 35Manufactures 143 695 624 36 17 25 612 629 25 15 118 715 623 38 17Total imports 228 1000 1000 37 25 39 1000 1000 22 20 189 1000 1000 41 26

ASEANAgricultural products 95 60 83 30 30 29 71 109 35 30 66 56 75 29 30Fuels and mining products 292 186 253 37 40 86 239 322 31 39 206 168 233 39 40Manufactures 734 736 637 29 14 150 675 560 31 7 584 756 660 28 16Total imports 1152 1000 1000 31 21 267 1000 1000 31 16 885 1000 1000 31 23

ASEAN Other origindestination

Annual percentage

change

Merchandise trade of ASEAN countries by major product group and by origindestination 2011

Annual percentage

change Share Share Share

Annual percentage

change

World

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6 Least-developed countries

Table I20

(Million dollars and percentage)

2010 2005 2010 2005 2010 2005 2010

LDCs 609400 31 30 28 27 3 3Afghanistan 17243 hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellipAngola 82471 86 62 85 61 1 1Bangladesh 100357 16 20 15 19 1 1Benin 6558 18 25 13 20 4 5Bhutan 1516 31 40 26 36 5 4Burkina Faso 8825 10 21 9 18 1 3Burundi 2027 6 5 5 5 1 0Cambodia 11242 63 61 46 46 17 15Central African Republic 1985 11 hellip 9 7 1 hellipChad 8541 59 hellip 58 41 1 hellipComoros 541 14 14 4 4 10 10Congo Dem Rep of 13110 35 67 33 65 1 2Djibouti 1129 19 21 6 8 13 13Equatorial Guinea 14500 86 hellip 86 73 0 hellipEritrea 2117 hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellipEthiopia 29684 14 15 7 8 6 7Gambia 1050 29 24 16 16 13 8Guinea 4736 30 32 29 31 1 1Guinea-Bissau 835 16 20 16 15 1 5Haiti 6635 13 11 11 8 2 3Kiribati 151 14 hellip 5 3 9 hellipLao Peoples Dem Rep 7181 27 31 20 24 7 7Lesotho 2179 49 41 46 39 2 2Liberia 988 39 28 24 24 15 4Madagascar 8721 25 24 17 12 8 11Malawi 5054 23 28 20 25 4 3Mali 9422 26 26 21 22 5 4Mauritania 3614 31 60 29 58 3 2Mozambique 9209 31 32 27 25 5 6Myanmar 45380 33 18 31 17 2 1Nepal 16014 14 9 11 6 3 4Niger 5411 17 24 14 21 2 2Rwanda 5624 8 10 5 5 3 4Samoa 595 30 33 3 6 27 27Sao Tome and Principe 201 14 12 6 6 8 6Senegal 12855 26 24 18 17 8 7Sierra Leone 1910 21 22 15 19 6 3Solomon Islands 679 34 49 25 33 9 15Somalia hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellipSudan 66997 18 17 18 17 0 0Tanzania 22915 21 28 12 19 9 9Timor-Leste 875 hellip 5 hellip 2 hellip 3Togo 3176 37 40 30 31 7 9Tuvalu 31 hellip hellip hellip hellip 8 hellipUganda 17197 16 19 11 13 5 6Vanuatu 689 44 47 10 7 34 39Yemen 31043 40 29 38 25 2 5Zambia 16193 34 48 31 46 3 2

Memorandum item

World 63134700 28 30 23 24 5 6Note Trade in goods is derived from balance of payments statistics and does not correspond to the merchandise trade statistics given elsewhere in this report See the Metadata

Ratio of exports of goods and commercial services to GDP of the least-developed countries 2010

Commercial services

Value Ratio to GDP

Goods and commercial servicesGDP Goods

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Value Value

2011 2005-11 2009 2010 2011 2011 2005-11 2009 2010 2011

LDCs 202559 20 -24 27 25 205856 19 -5 10 22Oil Exporters aAngola 65500 22 -36 24 29 22000 21 8 -26 32Equatorial Guinea 13300 13 -40 9 34 6000 36 33 10 5Yemen 11600 16 -17 34 38 8500 10 -13 0 -8Sudan 9694 15 -29 38 -15 9231 6 4 4 -8Myanmar 9330 20 -3 30 7 8000 33 2 9 66Chad 4600 8 -33 25 31 2400 20 0 5 14Bhutan 650 20 -5 29 1 950 20 -3 61 11Exporters of manufacturesBangladesh 24436 21 -2 27 27 36188 21 -8 27 30Cambodia 6950 18 -11 23 35 9300 19 -10 16 37Madagascar 1590 13 -20 2 48 2850 11 -15 -21 13Lesotho 1100 11 -17 20 25 2600 13 3 24 13Nepal 919 1 -12 4 7 5774 20 22 17 12Haiti 770 10 20 0 33 2900 15 -8 48 -8Samoa 54 -9 -36 29 -9 346 8 -20 34 12Exporters of agricultureEthiopia 2615 24 1 44 12 8896 17 -7 12 3Uganda 2200 22 -9 3 36 5360 21 -6 10 15Burkina Faso 2000 34 30 43 55 2600 16 -7 10 27Benin 1800 25 -4 13 29 2700 22 -10 5 25Malawi 1427 23 35 -10 34 2426 16 -8 7 12Togo 1100 11 -6 0 38 1700 10 0 -1 13Rwanda 464 30 -13 27 56 1776 33 11 9 24Somalia 450 12 0 7 0 1100 12 -16 12 31Solomon Islands 413 32 -21 36 85 467 20 -9 43 15Liberia 358 22 -39 49 61 1044 28 -32 29 47Afghanistan 350 -2 -25 -4 -10 6300 21 10 54 22Guinea-Bissau 230 21 -5 -1 92 300 23 16 -4 36Central African Republic 160 5 -20 17 14 380 17 -10 11 27Burundi 125 17 17 50 23 752 23 0 26 48Gambia 95 64 383 -47 171 344 6 -6 -6 21Vanuatu 64 11 0 -15 31 288 14 -6 -4 2Comoros 25 16 129 38 22 277 23 17 11 19Kiribati 20 36 40 -29 33 110 8 -8 8 50Sao Tome and Principe 11 10 -24 36 0 125 20 -9 9 11Exporters of non-fuel mineralsZambia 9015 38 -15 67 25 7178 23 -24 39 35Congo Dem Rep of 6600 22 -20 51 25 5500 15 -9 15 22Tanzania 5098 25 -4 45 18 10724 27 -17 22 37Mozambique 3600 15 -30 57 24 6300 21 -6 22 37Mauritania 2769 35 -24 52 34 2464 12 -23 29 27Lao Peoples Dem Rep 2400 34 -4 66 37 2700 25 4 41 31Mali 2391 17 -15 13 20 3250 16 -26 15 14Guinea 1630 14 -22 40 11 2106 21 -22 33 50Niger 1250 21 10 4 20 2400 21 30 5 4Eritrea 400 104 0 9 hellip 900 13 -2 17 30Sierra Leone 350 17 7 48 2 1708 38 -3 48 122OthersSenegal 2542 10 -7 7 18 5909 11 -28 1 24Djibouti 95 19 13 10 12 410 8 -21 -19 13Tuvalu 0 37 50 0 0 25 14 -47 14 56Timor-Leste 20 20 -35 96 20 300 22 10 1 1Memorandum item World b 18255000 12 -22 22 20 18438000 11 -23 21 19

b Includes significant re-exports or imports for re-export

Table I21

Note Data for 2011 are largely estimated

Annual percentage change Annual percentage change

Merchandise exports and imports of least-developed countries 2011

(Million dollars and percentage)

Exports Imports

a Bhutan is included for its exports of electric current

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Value Value

2011 2005-11 2009 2010 2011 2011 2005-11 2009 2010 2011

LDCs 202559 20 -24 27 25 205856 19 -5 10 22Oil Exporters aAngola 65500 22 -36 24 29 22000 21 8 -26 32Equatorial Guinea 13300 13 -40 9 34 6000 36 33 10 5Yemen 11600 16 -17 34 38 8500 10 -13 0 -8Sudan 9694 15 -29 38 -15 9231 6 4 4 -8Myanmar 9330 20 -3 30 7 8000 33 2 9 66Chad 4600 8 -33 25 31 2400 20 0 5 14Bhutan 650 20 -5 29 1 950 20 -3 61 11Exporters of manufacturesBangladesh 24436 21 -2 27 27 36188 21 -8 27 30Cambodia 6950 18 -11 23 35 9300 19 -10 16 37Madagascar 1590 13 -20 2 48 2850 11 -15 -21 13Lesotho 1100 11 -17 20 25 2600 13 3 24 13Nepal 919 1 -12 4 7 5774 20 22 17 12Haiti 770 10 20 0 33 2900 15 -8 48 -8Samoa 54 -9 -36 29 -9 346 8 -20 34 12Exporters of agricultureEthiopia 2615 24 1 44 12 8896 17 -7 12 3Uganda 2200 22 -9 3 36 5360 21 -6 10 15Burkina Faso 2000 34 30 43 55 2600 16 -7 10 27Benin 1800 25 -4 13 29 2700 22 -10 5 25Malawi 1427 23 35 -10 34 2426 16 -8 7 12Togo 1100 11 -6 0 38 1700 10 0 -1 13Rwanda 464 30 -13 27 56 1776 33 11 9 24Somalia 450 12 0 7 0 1100 12 -16 12 31Solomon Islands 413 32 -21 36 85 467 20 -9 43 15Liberia 358 22 -39 49 61 1044 28 -32 29 47Afghanistan 350 -2 -25 -4 -10 6300 21 10 54 22Guinea-Bissau 230 21 -5 -1 92 300 23 16 -4 36Central African Republic 160 5 -20 17 14 380 17 -10 11 27Burundi 125 17 17 50 23 752 23 0 26 48Gambia 95 64 383 -47 171 344 6 -6 -6 21Vanuatu 64 11 0 -15 31 288 14 -6 -4 2Comoros 25 16 129 38 22 277 23 17 11 19Kiribati 20 36 40 -29 33 110 8 -8 8 50Sao Tome and Principe 11 10 -24 36 0 125 20 -9 9 11Exporters of non-fuel mineralsZambia 9015 38 -15 67 25 7178 23 -24 39 35Congo Dem Rep of 6600 22 -20 51 25 5500 15 -9 15 22Tanzania 5098 25 -4 45 18 10724 27 -17 22 37Mozambique 3600 15 -30 57 24 6300 21 -6 22 37Mauritania 2769 35 -24 52 34 2464 12 -23 29 27Lao Peoples Dem Rep 2400 34 -4 66 37 2700 25 4 41 31Mali 2391 17 -15 13 20 3250 16 -26 15 14Guinea 1630 14 -22 40 11 2106 21 -22 33 50Niger 1250 21 10 4 20 2400 21 30 5 4Eritrea 400 104 0 9 hellip 900 13 -2 17 30Sierra Leone 350 17 7 48 2 1708 38 -3 48 122OthersSenegal 2542 10 -7 7 18 5909 11 -28 1 24Djibouti 95 19 13 10 12 410 8 -21 -19 13Tuvalu 0 37 50 0 0 25 14 -47 14 56Timor-Leste 20 20 -35 96 20 300 22 10 1 1Memorandum item World b 18255000 12 -22 22 20 18438000 11 -23 21 19

b Includes significant re-exports or imports for re-export

Table I21

Note Data for 2011 are largely estimated

Annual percentage change Annual percentage change

Merchandise exports and imports of least-developed countries 2011

(Million dollars and percentage)

Exports Imports

a Bhutan is included for its exports of electric current

Value Value

2011 2005-11 2009 2010 2011 2011 2005-11 2009 2010 2011

LDCs 202559 20 -24 27 25 205856 19 -5 10 22Oil Exporters aAngola 65500 22 -36 24 29 22000 21 8 -26 32Equatorial Guinea 13300 13 -40 9 34 6000 36 33 10 5Yemen 11600 16 -17 34 38 8500 10 -13 0 -8Sudan 9694 15 -29 38 -15 9231 6 4 4 -8Myanmar 9330 20 -3 30 7 8000 33 2 9 66Chad 4600 8 -33 25 31 2400 20 0 5 14Bhutan 650 20 -5 29 1 950 20 -3 61 11Exporters of manufacturesBangladesh 24436 21 -2 27 27 36188 21 -8 27 30Cambodia 6950 18 -11 23 35 9300 19 -10 16 37Madagascar 1590 13 -20 2 48 2850 11 -15 -21 13Lesotho 1100 11 -17 20 25 2600 13 3 24 13Nepal 919 1 -12 4 7 5774 20 22 17 12Haiti 770 10 20 0 33 2900 15 -8 48 -8Samoa 54 -9 -36 29 -9 346 8 -20 34 12Exporters of agricultureEthiopia 2615 24 1 44 12 8896 17 -7 12 3Uganda 2200 22 -9 3 36 5360 21 -6 10 15Burkina Faso 2000 34 30 43 55 2600 16 -7 10 27Benin 1800 25 -4 13 29 2700 22 -10 5 25Malawi 1427 23 35 -10 34 2426 16 -8 7 12Togo 1100 11 -6 0 38 1700 10 0 -1 13Rwanda 464 30 -13 27 56 1776 33 11 9 24Somalia 450 12 0 7 0 1100 12 -16 12 31Solomon Islands 413 32 -21 36 85 467 20 -9 43 15Liberia 358 22 -39 49 61 1044 28 -32 29 47Afghanistan 350 -2 -25 -4 -10 6300 21 10 54 22Guinea-Bissau 230 21 -5 -1 92 300 23 16 -4 36Central African Republic 160 5 -20 17 14 380 17 -10 11 27Burundi 125 17 17 50 23 752 23 0 26 48Gambia 95 64 383 -47 171 344 6 -6 -6 21Vanuatu 64 11 0 -15 31 288 14 -6 -4 2Comoros 25 16 129 38 22 277 23 17 11 19Kiribati 20 36 40 -29 33 110 8 -8 8 50Sao Tome and Principe 11 10 -24 36 0 125 20 -9 9 11Exporters of non-fuel mineralsZambia 9015 38 -15 67 25 7178 23 -24 39 35Congo Dem Rep of 6600 22 -20 51 25 5500 15 -9 15 22Tanzania 5098 25 -4 45 18 10724 27 -17 22 37Mozambique 3600 15 -30 57 24 6300 21 -6 22 37Mauritania 2769 35 -24 52 34 2464 12 -23 29 27Lao Peoples Dem Rep 2400 34 -4 66 37 2700 25 4 41 31Mali 2391 17 -15 13 20 3250 16 -26 15 14Guinea 1630 14 -22 40 11 2106 21 -22 33 50Niger 1250 21 10 4 20 2400 21 30 5 4Eritrea 400 104 0 9 hellip 900 13 -2 17 30Sierra Leone 350 17 7 48 2 1708 38 -3 48 122OthersSenegal 2542 10 -7 7 18 5909 11 -28 1 24Djibouti 95 19 13 10 12 410 8 -21 -19 13Tuvalu 0 37 50 0 0 25 14 -47 14 56Timor-Leste 20 20 -35 96 20 300 22 10 1 1Memorandum item World b 18255000 12 -22 22 20 18438000 11 -23 21 19

b Includes significant re-exports or imports for re-export

Table I21

Note Data for 2011 are largely estimated

Annual percentage change Annual percentage change

Merchandise exports and imports of least-developed countries 2011

(Million dollars and percentage)

Exports Imports

a Bhutan is included for its exports of electric current

Table I21 (continued)

44 World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Table I22

(Million dollars and percentage)

Value Value Value

2011 2010 2011 2011 2010 2011 2011 2010 2011

A Agricultural products

Total LDCs 5761 5 33 Total LDCs 9577 24 32 Total LDCs 878 17 10Ethiopia 814 27 42 Myanmar 2500 10 8 Liberia 196 52 22Uganda 600 -3 23 Tanzania 621 24 15 Ethiopia 143 13 16Tanzania 492 -4 26 Bangladesh 594 40 50 Bangladesh 107 5 -22Senegal 463 9 46 Solomon Islands 464 52 28 Malawi 61 7 -16Bangladesh 447 18 21 Madagascar 456 3 385 Tanzania 48 -30 56Togo 403 -19 44 Lao Peoples Dem Rep 453 43 75 Togo 43 18 269Malawi 320 -4 4 Benin 416 2 94 Uganda 43 43 1Madagascar 317 8 4 Burkina Faso 373 28 48 Madagascar 39 -5 -9Mozambique 312 4 55 Mozambique 363 53 20 Haiti 32 -21 43Mauritania 178 -28 61 Ethiopia 352 42 -2 Rwanda 32 35 56Zambia 169 -4 49 Cambodia 308 95 55 Sudan 27 4 12Others (38) 1247 19 40 Others (38) 2676 25 37 Others (38) 109 53 -3

B Fuels and mining products

Total LDCs 19802 10 67 Total LDCs 70073 44 21 Total LDCs 23021 20 17Angola 8964 -25 80 Angola 30970 54 11 Angola 16200 26 18Equatorial Guinea 5448 51 85 Sudan 12258 25 42 Chad 3239 3 54Mozambique 1485 115 -7 Yemen 7413 65 14 Equatorial Guinea 1722 0 -39Mauritania 905 63 54 Myanmar 3467 4 18 Yemen 644 hellip 190Yemen 545 hellip 193 Zambia 3461 72 10 Congo 599 62 14Congo 526 88 58 Equatorial Guinea 3404 -34 94 Niger 289 -76 hellipGuinea 482 8 -3 Congo 3246 100 26 Guinea 167 1 10Zambia 352 -43 393 Lao Peoples Dem Rep 1578 71 44 Madagascar 56 110 58Others (41) 1096 83 72 Others (41) 4276 60 23 Others (41) 106 50 -34

C Manufactures

Total LDCs 16445 2 38 Total LDCs 5735 23 68 Total LDCs 11564 17 18Bangladesh 11477 7 38 Bangladesh 1806 41 61 Bangladesh 6222 17 16Cambodia 1704 6 52 Myanmar 1659 31 150 Cambodia 3392 22 22Madagascar 427 -5 31 Cambodia 591 79 37 Haiti 758 3 32Niger 393 -15 52 Nepal 407 30 0 Lesotho 408 3 24Lesotho 339 31 84 Senegal 332 -26 110 Angola 169 173 26Angola 268 -53 152 Bhutan 167 33 8 Malawi 137 463 72Equatorial Guinea 215 -75 hellip Angola 118 -83 218 Equatorial Guinea 129 85 -13Congo 203 -7 42 Lao Peoples Dem Rep 111 48 30 Nepal 95 12 22Lao Peoples Dem Rep 200 10 19 Ethiopia 70 63 113 Madagascar 61 -65 -28Myanmar 193 -3 5 Tanzania 61 28 58 Lao Peoples Dem Rep 59 39 -14Ethiopia 147 -8 105 Yemen 54 105 62 Tanzania 16 62 2Liberia 130 -69 -40 Madagascar 49 4 81 Sierra Leone 16 25 79Vanuatu 129 hellip -49 Samoa 33 14 -21 Ethiopia 13 -10 35Others (36) 618 10 29 Others (36) 277 -2 61 Others (36) 88 48 -16

a Australia China Hong Kong China India Indonesia Japan Korea Republic of Malaysia New Zealand Pakistan Philippines Singapore Taipei Chinese and Thailand

Annual percentage

change

Annual percentage

change

Annual percentage

change

Imports of agricultural products fuels and manufactures of the European Union (27) Asia and North America from the least-developed countries 2011

European Union (27) Asia a North America

45World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Table I23

(Million dollars and percentage)

2010 2005 2010 2005 2010 2005 2010

Least developed countries 18700 228 215 528 524 244 261Afghanistan hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellipAngola 857 102 50 499 839 399 111Bangladesh 1209 238 144 148 67 614 789Benin 348 183 291 577 429 240 280Bhutan 67 hellip 353 hellip 600 hellip 47Burkina Faso 267 21 163 712 270 267 567Burundi 7 256 102 222 242 522 656Cambodia 1671 119 135 789 754 91 111Central African Republic hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellipChad hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellipComoros 56 121 70 610 630 270 300Congo Dem Rep of 291 120 305 33 37 847 658Djibouti 149 791 772 75 121 134 107Equatorial Guinea hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellipEritrea hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellipEthiopia 1991 590 591 213 262 197 147Gambia 88 194 417 708 358 99 225Guinea 61 344 63 hellip 34 656 903Guinea-Bissau 42 106 00 349 315 545 685Haiti 183 hellip hellip 896 910 104 90Kiribati hellip 411 hellip 318 hellip 271 hellipLao Peoples Dem Rep 489 177 105 754 781 69 115Lesotho 44 25 16 848 788 127 196Liberia 40 136 557 829 311 35 131Madagascar 980 282 303 437 313 282 384Malawi 137 287 hellip 654 hellip 59 hellipMali 356 138 20 585 575 276 404Mauritania 86 hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellipMozambique 576 283 282 411 342 306 375Myanmar 331 504 448 285 217 211 335Nepal 584 120 68 484 590 396 342Niger 126 101 66 512 838 387 96Rwanda 243 361 109 586 829 53 62Samoa 158 42 46 697 776 261 178Sao Tome and Principe 12 16 16 812 812 172 172Senegal 939 184 49 351 482 465 469Sierra Leone 60 149 403 819 431 32 166Solomon Islands 104 218 350 42 518 739 132Somalia hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellipSudan 224 34 21 887 421 79 558Tanzania 2047 183 218 678 613 139 170Timor-Leste 28 hellip 28 hellip 761 hellip 211Togo 289 550 451 140 227 310 322Tuvalu hellip 125 hellip 572 hellip 303 hellipUganda 1047 23 51 778 749 200 200Vanuatu 271 190 115 634 801 176 84Yemen 1460 161 131 633 795 206 74Zambia 311 414 489 475 401 111 111

Memorandum itemWorld 3764900 23 21 28 25 50 54

Note The improvement of the quality of data in recent years may have resulted in changes relating to the breakdown of exports of commercial services by category of services See the Metadata

Exports of commercial services of the least-developed countries by category 2010

Other commercial services

Value Share in commercial services

Commercial services Transportation services Travel

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7 Foreign affiliates statistics

(Billion dollars and percentage)

Value Annual percentage change

2006 2007 2008 2009 2005-2009 2007 2008 2009

Austria hellip 573 746 617 hellip hellip 30 -17

Belgium 635 hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip

Bulgaria hellip hellip hellip 66 hellip hellip hellip hellip

China hellip hellip 1340 hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip

Croatia a hellip hellip 47 hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip

Cyprus b hellip 05 07 09 hellip hellip 42 29

Czech Republic 306 429 551 479 14 40 29 -13

Denmark a hellip 359 415 363 hellip hellip 15 -12

Estonia 19 25 35 31 17 32 40 -12

Finland hellip 197 215 188 hellip hellip 9 -13

France hellip hellip 2500 2389 hellip hellip hellip -4

Germany hellip hellip 3317 2483 hellip hellip hellip -25

Hong Kong China c 1140 1420 1392 1419 12 25 -2 2

Hungary hellip 265 329 293 hellip hellip 24 -11

Ireland a hellip hellip 561 609 hellip hellip hellip 9

Israel d 79 85 112 109 16 8 31 -3

Italy a e 952 1142 1283 1148 10 20 12 -11

Japan f hellip hellip 190 161 hellip hellip hellip -15

Latvia 23 31 37 31 16 34 18 -15

Lithuania 29 hellip 43 33 10 hellip hellip -24

Luxembourg a hellip hellip hellip 83 hellip hellip hellip hellip

Malta a hellip hellip 10 hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip

Netherlands hellip 903 1073 950 hellip hellip 19 -11

Norway a 285 326 400 325 8 15 23 -19

Poland a hellip hellip 379 298 hellip hellip hellip -21

Portugal hellip 188 182 200 hellip hellip -3 10

Romania 90 148 219 203 hellip 65 47 -7

Slovak Republic 66 88 120 110 14 35 36 -8

Slovenia 15 21 hellip 26 hellip 39 hellip hellip

Spain hellip hellip 1177 1138 hellip hellip hellip -3

Sweden a g 529 656 707 527 3 24 8 -25

Thailand hellip 21 hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip

United Kingdom hellip hellip hellip 3682 hellip hellip hellip hellip

United States e hellip 8972 8746 7560 hellip hellip -3 -14

Memorandum item

European Union (27) a h hellip hellip hellip 13059 hellip hellip hellip hellip

Extra-EU (27) a h i j hellip hellip hellip 4754 hellip hellip hellip hellip

a Insurance activities and activities auxiliary to financial and insurance activities are not coveredb Up to 2008 hotels and restaurants activities are not coveredc Includes other incomed Output instead of sales e Fiscal year as reference period No estimation for non-response Real estate activities are not covered Also includes affiliates foreign controlled by more than 30 per centf Community social and personal services activities are included up to 2008g Community social and personal services activities are includedh Real estate activities are not coveredi Refers to the sales by foreign affiliates which are established in the EU (27) and controlled by non-EU (27) entities

Note Given the recent development of this statistical framework comparability and coverage of data may not always be complete See the Metadata Section II2

Table I24

Sales by affiliates of foreign companies - resident affiliates primarily engaged in services activities (inward FATS) 2005-2009

Excluding wholesale and retail trade as well as repair activities Some or all community social and personal services activities are also not covered For economies shown in italics data exclude all or a large part of financial intermediation activities Insurance activities andor activities auxiliary to financial and insurance activities are included unless otherwise specified Some growth rates for 2008 may be affected by the change of reporting of data in ISIC Revision 4 as compared to ISIC Revision 31 previously

j Administrative and support service activities are not included As a comparison for the European Union (27) aggregate as a whole the value of sales excluding administrative and support activities was 1070 billion dollars in 2009

47World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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(Billion dollars and percentage)

Value Annual percentage change

2006 2007 2008 2009 2006-2009 2007 2008 2009

Australia a hellip hellip hellip 195 hellip hellip hellip hellipAustria b hellip 309 375 346 hellip hellip 21 -8Belgium b hellip hellip hellip 265 hellip hellip hellip hellipCanada c 962 1171 1216 1210 10 22 4 -1Cyprus hellip 39 48 hellip hellip hellip 21 hellipCzech Republic d hellip 03 07 05 hellip hellip 121 -31Finland hellip 242 208 228 hellip hellip -14 10France hellip 3622 hellip 4011 hellip hellip hellip hellipGermany hellip 4827 5232 4887 hellip hellip 8 -7Greece e 29 39 47 41 4 32 21 -11Hungary f hellip 13 31 34 hellip hellip 135 7Israel b f 27 27 40 36 6 -2 48 -8Italy hellip 1591 1612 1890 hellip hellip 1 17Japan g hellip hellip 533 492 hellip hellip hellip -8 Korea Republic of f hellip hellip hellip 209 hellip hellip hellip hellipLatvia e 02 02 hellip 05 hellip -3 hellip hellipLithuania hellip hellip 01 02 hellip hellip hellip 12Luxembourg hellip hellip hellip 24 hellip hellip hellip hellipMalta h hellip 03 04 02 hellip hellip 22 -50Norway f hellip hellip hellip 319 hellip hellip hellip hellipPoland hellip hellip hellip 57 hellip hellip hellip hellipPortugal hellip hellip 663 hellip hellip hellip hellip hellipSlovak Republic f hellip 01 04 03 hellip hellip hellip -39Slovenia h hellip 25 hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellipSpain hellip hellip hellip 1548 hellip hellip hellip hellipSweden e hellip hellip 1215 928 hellip hellip hellip -24 United Kingdom hellip hellip hellip 5627 hellip hellip hellip hellipUnited States hellip hellip hellip 10887 hellip hellip hellip hellip

Memorandum itemExtra - EU (27) i hellip hellip hellip 14434 hellip hellip hellip hellip

Excluding wholesale and retail trade and repair activities Economies shown in italics exclude most or a large part of financial intermediation activitiesa Refers to fiscal year 2009 Financial and insurance affiliates onlyb Classified under services according to activity of parent companyc Branches are excludedd Only the first level of indirect ownership is coverede Only includes affiliates directly ownedf Part or all community social and personal services are not coveredg Fiscal year as reference period No estimation for non-response Real estate activities are not covered Also includes controlled affiliates by more than 10 per centh Includes wholesale and retail trade and repair activitiesi Refers to the sales of affiliates which are established outside the EU (27) and controlled by EU (27) entities

Table I25

Sales by foreign affiliates of resident companies - affiliates located abroad primarily engaged in services activities (outward FATS) 2005-2009

Note Given the recent development of this statistical framework comparability and coverage of data may not always be complete See the Metadata

48 World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Table I26

(Million dollars and percentage)

Value Share Value Share

2009 2009 2005-09 2008 2009 2009 2009 2005-09 2008 2009

World 1076439 1000 8 10 -4 World 659639 1000 4 3 -4European Union (27) 508480 472 hellip 8 -8 European Union (27) 373142 566 hellip 3 -3Canada 101424 94 6 9 -9 Japan 87125 132 0 5 -10Japan 65566 61 5 9 6 Canada 69958 106 6 4 2Switzerland 55928 52 9 17 -11 Switzerland 46116 70 10 -26 22Australia 38263 36 10 5 0 Bermuda 19445 29 hellip 16 -34

Above 5 769661 715 - - - Above 5 595786 903 - - -Singapore 34351 32 17 26 1 Australia 12613 19 24 14 6Mexico 30466 28 3 8 -5 India 7232 11 31 27 11Hong Kong China 29433 27 9 6 5 Korea Republic of 6800 10 27 86 -5Brazil 24708 23 6 4 13 Hong Kong China 3763 06 9 hellip hellipChina 23064 21 29 35 25 Mexico 3125 05 -2 29 -1Bermuda 16096 15 21 hellip hellip Israel 1948 03 8 2 2India 13083 12 27 34 34 Norway 1553 02 10 7 -16Korea Republic of 10169 09 8 8 -6 Brazil 972 01 5 hellip hellipTaipei Chinese 8922 08 1 16 -20 Venezuela Bolivarian Rep of 806 01 -15 hellip hellipArgentina 6283 06 10 28 2 China 624 01 16 103 2

Above 15 966236 896 - - - Above 15 635222 962 - - -Note This information refers to supply of services products to foreigners by United States owned affiliates and supply of services products to United States persons by affiliates foreign owned This differs from the FATS data presented for the United States in the tables I24 and I25 which refer to sales of foreign affiliates operating in the services sector For instance the latter include sales of goods of foreign affiliates whose primary activity is classified as a service industry but not the supply of services of those whose primary activity is classified as a manufacturing industry

Services supplied by United States affiliates established abroad (outward FATS) and by foreign affiliates in the United States(inward FATS) by economy of affiliate 2009

Annual percentage change

Annual percentage change

Supply of services abroad Supply of services in the United States

  • I World trade developments
    • Merchandise trade flows within regions outperform flows between regions
    • Moderate recovery for merchandise exports in 2011
    • US remains the leading merchandise trader
    • World exports of commercial services up by 11 in 2011
    • US remains the leading commercial services trader
    • US service supply through affiliates to emerging economies on the rise
    • List of tables I World trade developments
      • 1 Overview
      • 2 Trade by region
      • 3 Leading traders
      • 4 Bilateral trade of leading traders
      • 5 Regional trade agreements
      • 6 Least-developed countries
      • 7 Foreign affiliates statistics
US services supply through majority-owned foreign affiliates (FATS) and cross-border (BOP) to emerging economies
(Billion dollars)
2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
China (BOP) 7 8 10 13 15 16
China (FATS) 7 8 10 14 18 23
India (BOP) 4 5 7 9 10 10
India (FATS) 4 5 5 7 10 13
Leading traders in commercial services 2011
(Billion dollars)
Exports Imports Balance
1 United States 581 395 186
2 Germany 253 289 -36
3 United Kingdom 274 170 103
4 China 182 237 -54
5 France 167 143 23
6 Japan 142 166 -23
7 India 137 124 13
8 Netherlands 134 118 15
9 Ireland 109 114 -5
10 Italy 105 114 -9
Exports of commercial services by selected region 2010-2011
(Annual percentange change)
2010 2011
Africa 12 -0
North America 9 9
Middle East 11 10
Asia 23 11
Europe 4 11
C and S America and the Caribbean 15 13
CIS 13 19
World 10 11
Leading economies of merchandise trade 2011
Largest Trader 1898381 2265894
Share 27 29 28
World 18255189 18437682 36692871
(Us+chn+Germ) 4851094 5263318 10114412
2011 2011
(bn USD) EXPORTS (bn USD) IMPORTS EX+IM
Bermuda 0 13 1 910 923 Bermuda
Canada 452 452440 463 462635 915075 Canada
Mexico 350 349569 361 361068 710637 Mexico
Saint Pierre and Miquelon 0 5 0 200 205 Saint Pierre and Miquelon
United States 1480 1480432 2266 2265894 3746326 United States
0 0 0
Brazil 256 256040 237 236870 492910 Brazil
0 0 0
Antigua and Barbuda 0 45 0 480 525 Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina 84 83951 74 73938 157889 Argentina
Aruba 0 148 1 1196 1344 Aruba
Bahamas 1 835 3 2965 3800 Bahamas
Barbados 0 465 2 1805 2270 Barbados
Belize 0 376 1 831 1206 Belize
Bolivia Plurinational State of 8 8332 8 7664 15996 Bolivia Plurinational State of
British Virgin Islands 0 39 0 280 319 British Virgin Islands
Cayman Islands 0 22 1 914 936 Cayman Islands
Chile 81 81411 75 74908 156320 Chile
Colombia 57 56954 55 54675 111628 Colombia
Costa Rica 10 10408 16 16220 26628 Costa Rica
Cuba 7 6800 14 14300 21100 Cuba
Curaccedilao 1 928 2 2130 3058 Curaccedilao
Dominica 0 30 0 220 250 Dominica
Dominican Republic 9 8536 17 17423 25958 Dominican Republic
Ecuador 22 22322 24 24286 46608 Ecuador
El Salvador 5 5309 10 10118 15427 El Salvador
Falkland Islands 0 180 0 180 360 Falkland Islands
French Guiana - 0 French Guiana
Grenada 0 31 0 340 371 Grenada
Guadeloupe - 0 Guadeloupe
Guatemala 10 10401 17 16613 27014 Guatemala
Guyana 1 1129 2 1771 2900 Guyana
Haiti 1 770 3 2900 3670 Haiti
Honduras 7 7204 10 10338 17542 Honduras
Jamaica 2 1624 7 6615 8239 Jamaica
Martinique 0 0 0 Martinique
Montserrat 0 1 0 30 31 Montserrat
Netherlands Antilles - - Netherlands Antilles
Nicaragua 2 2264 5 5210 7474 Nicaragua
Panama 15 14555 22 21802 36356 Panama
Paraguay 6 5517 12 12316 17833 Paraguay
Peru 46 46269 38 38011 84280 Peru
Saint Kitts and Nevis 0 46 0 248 294 Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Lucia 0 161 1 700 861 Saint Lucia
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 0 39 0 332 370 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Sint Maarten 0 127 1 734 861 Sint Maarten
Suriname 2 2467 2 1679 4146 Suriname
Trinidad and Tobago 14 13700 9 9300 23000 Trinidad and Tobago
Uruguay 8 7947 11 10726 18673 Uruguay
Venezuela Bolivarian Rep of 93 92602 48 47600 140202 Venezuela Bolivarian Rep of
0 0 0 Europe
0 0 0 European Union (27)
0 0 0 Intra-EU (27)
0 0 0 Extra-EU (27)
Austria 178 177960 191 191037 368997 Austria
Belgium 477 476660 461 461402 938062 Belgium
0 0 0 Belgium-Luxembourg
Bulgaria 28 28156 32 32498 60654 Bulgaria
Cyprus 2 1826 9 8608 10434 Cyprus
Czech Republic 162 162260 152 151559 313819 Czech Republic
0 0 0 Czech and Slovak Fed Rep former
Denmark 113 113280 98 97780 211060 Denmark
Estonia 17 16734 18 17583 34317 Estonia
Finland 79 78873 84 84135 163008 Finland
France 596 596068 714 713859 1309927 France
0 0 0 German Dem Rep former
Germany 1472 1472281 1254 1253940 2726221 Germany
Greece 32 31603 61 60619 92223 Greece
Hungary 112 112217 103 102589 214807 Hungary
Ireland 127 126923 67 66544 193467 Ireland
Italy 523 523183 557 557468 1080650 Italy
Latvia 13 13124 16 16204 29329 Latvia
Lithuania 28 28076 32 31510 59587 Lithuania
Luxembourg 22 21778 29 28722 50500 Luxembourg
Malta 4 4386 6 6293 10678 Malta
Netherlands 661 661015 599 598683 1259698 Netherlands
Poland 187 187405 208 207672 395077 Poland
Portugal 59 58960 80 80297 139258 Portugal
Romania 63 62687 76 76302 138989 Romania
Slovak Republic 79 79308 77 77305 156614 Slovak Republic
Slovenia 35 34749 35 35488 70238 Slovenia
Spain 309 308700 374 374242 682943 Spain
Sweden 187 187194 176 175993 363187 Sweden
United Kingdom 473 473191 638 637762 1110953 United Kingdom
0 0 0
Faeroe Islands 1 1007 1 986 1993 Faeroe Islands
Gibraltar 0 260 1 750 1010 Gibraltar
Greenland 0 475 1 899 1373 Greenland
Iceland 5 5347 5 4841 10189 Iceland
Norway 159 159253 91 90852 250106 Norway
Switzerland 234 234426 208 208280 442706 Switzerland
0 0 0
Albania 2 1948 5 5395 7343 Albania
Bosnia and Herzegovina 6 5850 11 11050 16900 Bosnia and Herzegovina
Croatia 13 13375 23 22708 36082 Croatia
FYR Macedonia 4 4455 7 7007 11463 FYR Macedonia
Montenegro 1 632 3 2544 3176 Montenegro
Serbia 12 11775 20 20139 31915 Serbia
0 0 0 Serbia and Montenegro
Turkey 135 134918 241 240842 375759 Turkey
0 0 0
0 0 0
0 0 0
0 0 0
0 0 0
Russian Federation 522 522013 324 323831 845844 Russian Federation
0 0 0
Armenia 1 1330 4 4152 5481 Armenia
Azerbaijan 34 34495 10 10166 44661 Azerbaijan
Belarus 40 40294 46 45747 86041 Belarus
Georgia 2 2189 7 7058 9247 Georgia
Kazakhstan 88 88273 38 37909 126181 Kazakhstan
Kyrgyz Republic 2 1979 4 4261 6240 Kyrgyz Republic
Moldova 2 2217 5 5191 7408 Moldova
Tajikistan 1 1257 3 3186 4443 Tajikistan
Turkmenistan 13 13000 7 7400 20400 Turkmenistan
Ukraine 68 68460 83 82594 151054 Ukraine
Uzbekistan 13 13254 10 9953 23207 Uzbekistan
0 0 0
0 0 0
South Africa 97 96848 122 121606 218454 South Africa
0 0 0
Algeria 73 73489 47 47247 120736 Algeria
Angola 66 65500 22 22000 87500 Angola
Benin 2 1800 3 2700 4500 Benin
Botswana 6 5882 7 7272 13154 Botswana
Burkina Faso 2 2000 3 2600 4600 Burkina Faso
Burundi 0 125 1 752 877 Burundi
Cameroon 5 4600 7 6500 11100 Cameroon
Cape Verde 0 73 1 947 1020 Cape Verde
Central African Republic 0 160 0 380 540 Central African Republic
Chad 5 4600 2 2400 7000 Chad
Comoros 0 25 0 277 302 Comoros
Congo 11 10700 5 5100 15800 Congo
Congo Dem Rep of 7 6600 6 5500 12100 Congo Dem Rep of
Cocircte dIvoire 11 11130 7 6720 17850 Cocircte dIvoire
Djibouti 0 95 0 410 505 Djibouti
Egypt 31 30528 59 58903 89431 Egypt
Equatorial Guinea 13 13300 6 6000 19300 Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea 0 400 1 900 1300 Eritrea
Ethiopia 3 2615 9 8896 11511 Ethiopia
Gabon 12 12000 4 3800 15800 Gabon
Gambia 0 95 0 344 438 Gambia
Ghana 13 12785 16 15968 28754 Ghana
Guinea 2 1630 2 2106 3735 Guinea
Guinea-Bissau 0 230 0 300 530 Guinea-Bissau
Kenya 6 5756 15 14782 20538 Kenya
Lesotho 1 1100 3 2600 3700 Lesotho
Liberia 0 358 1 1044 1402 Liberia
Libya 18 17500 5 5000 22500 Libya
Madagascar 2 1590 3 2850 4440 Madagascar
Malawi 1 1427 2 2426 3853 Malawi
Mali 2 2391 3 3250 5641 Mali
Mauritania 3 2769 2 2464 5233 Mauritania
Mauritius 3 2647 5 5158 7805 Mauritius
Morocco 22 21519 44 44295 65814 Morocco
Mozambique 4 3600 6 6300 9900 Mozambique
Namibia 4 4373 6 6330 10703 Namibia
Niger 1 1250 2 2400 3650 Niger
Nigeria 116 116000 55 55000 171000 Nigeria
Reunion - - Reunion
Rwanda 0 464 2 1776 2240 Rwanda
Sao Tome and Principe 0 11 0 125 136 Sao Tome and Principe
Senegal 3 2542 6 5909 8451 Senegal
Seychelles 0 483 1 750 1233 Seychelles
Sierra Leone 0 350 2 1708 2058 Sierra Leone
Somalia 0 450 1 1100 1550 Somalia
Sudan 10 9694 9 9231 18925 Sudan
Swaziland 2 2000 2 2100 4100 Swaziland
Tanzania 5 5098 11 10724 15821 Tanzania
Togo 1 1100 2 1700 2800 Togo
Tunisia 18 17847 24 23958 41805 Tunisia
Uganda 2 2200 5 5360 7560 Uganda
Zambia 9 9015 7 7178 16193 Zambia
Zimbabwe 4 3500 4 4400 7900 Zimbabwe
0 0 0
Bahrain Kingdom of 20 19650 13 12730 32380 Bahrain Kingdom of
Iran 132 131500 62 62106 193606 Iran
Iraq 83 83300 54 54000 137300 Iraq
Israel 68 67796 75 75472 143268 Israel
Jordan 8 7963 18 18301 26265 Jordan
Kuwait 104 103517 25 25268 128785 Kuwait
Lebanon 6 5664 21 20750 26414 Lebanon
Oman 47 47092 24 23860 70952 Oman
Qatar 114 114296 30 30000 144296 Qatar
Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 365 364736 132 131655 496391 Saudi Arabia Kingdom of
Syrian Arab Republic 9 8500 17 16600 25100 Syrian Arab Republic
United Arab Emirates 285 285000 205 205000 490000 United Arab Emirates
Yemen 12 11600 9 8500 20100 Yemen
0 0 0
China 1898 1898381 1743 1743484 3641865 China
India 305 304585 463 462633 767218 India
Japan 823 822564 855 854998 1677562 Japan
0 0 0
Hong Kong China 456 455650 511 510855 966504 Hong Kong China
0 0 0
0 0 0
Korea Republic of 555 555214 524 524413 1079627 Korea Republic of
Singapore 410 409503 366 365770 775273 Singapore
0 0 0
0 0 0
Taipei Chinese 308 308257 281 281438 589695 Taipei Chinese
0 0 0
Australia 270 270440 244 243699 514139 Australia
New Zealand 38 37669 37 37105 74773 New Zealand
0 0 0 Other Asia
Afghanistan 0 350 6 6300 6650 Afghanistan
American Samoa 0 310 1 690 1000 American Samoa
Bangladesh 24 24436 36 36188 60623 Bangladesh
Bhutan 1 650 1 950 1600 Bhutan
Brunei Darussalam 12 12440 3 2943 15383 Brunei Darussalam
Cambodia 7 6950 9 9300 16250 Cambodia
Cook Islands 0 3 0 84 87 Cook Islands
Fiji 1 860 2 2300 3160 Fiji
Fmr Pacific Islands - - Fmr Pacific Islands
French Polynesia 0 168 2 1796 1964 French Polynesia
Guam 0 45 1 1100 1145 Guam
Indonesia 201 200587 177 176881 377468 Indonesia
Kiribati 0 20 0 110 130 Kiribati
Korea Dem Peoples Rep of 3 3300 5 4500 7800 Korea Dem Peoples Rep of
Lao Peoples Dem Rep 2 2400 3 2700 5100 Lao Peoples Dem Rep
Macao China 1 869 8 7927 8796 Macao China
Malaysia 227 226990 188 187661 414650 Malaysia
Maldives 0 346 1 1465 1812 Maldives
Marshall Islands 0 35 0 140 175 Marshall Islands
Micronesia Federated States of 0 25 0 170 195 Micronesia Federated States of
Mongolia 5 4780 7 6527 11307 Mongolia
Myanmar 9 9330 8 8000 17330 Myanmar
Nauru 0 70 0 30 100 Nauru
Nepal 1 919 6 5774 6693 Nepal
New Caledonia 2 1703 4 3699 5401 New Caledonia
Niue 0 0 0 7 7 Niue
Northern Mariana Islands 0 3 0 90 93 Northern Mariana Islands
Pakistan 25 25344 44 44012 69356 Pakistan
Palau 0 6 0 120 126 Palau
Papua New Guinea 7 6776 5 4550 11326 Papua New Guinea
Philippines 48 48305 64 63693 111998 Philippines
Samoa 0 54 0 346 400 Samoa
Solomon Islands 0 413 0 467 880 Solomon Islands
Sri Lanka 10 10236 20 20269 30505 Sri Lanka
Thailand 229 228822 228 228498 457320 Thailand
Timor-Leste 0 20 0 300 320 Timor-Leste
Tonga 0 14 0 180 194 Tonga
Tuvalu 0 0 0 25 25 Tuvalu
Vanuatu 0 64 0 288 352 Vanuatu
Viet Nam 9690567 9690567 1067499 1067499 20365557 Viet Nam
Volume of world merchandise exports and gross domestic product 2005-2011
(Annual percentage change)
2005-11 37 23
2005 65 35
2006 86 40
2007 65 39
2008 23 13
2009 -121 -24
2010 140 38
2011 49 24
Page 4: I. World trade developments - World Trade Organization · I WORLD TRADE DEVELOPMENTS The value of world merchandise ... India proved more resilient to the global crisis than exports

14 World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Moderate recovery for merchandise exports in 2011bull World merchandise exports increased by 5 per cent in volume terms in

2011 World gross domestic product (GDP) expanded by 24 per cent

bull Since 2005 world merchandise trade has grown by 37 per cent annually while GDP has risen by 23 per cent

bull Some of the growth in merchandise trade is due to trade in intermediate products that criss-cross national borders before being processed into fi nal products

Volume of world merchandise exports and gross domestic product 2005-2011

Where to fi nd moreTable I2

25

41

23

13

2005-11

2005

2006

2007

2008

2010

2011

2009

49

86

23

VOLUME OF TOTAL EXPORTS GDP

ANNUAL PERCENTAGE CHANGE ()

10 1550-5-10-15

37

5 World merchandise

import volumes grew by 5 in 2011

6 Asiarsquos merchandise

export volumes grew by 6 in 2011

34

65

39

65

38

-26

140

-121

WTO-OMC

WTO
File Attachment
Volume of world merchandise exports and gross domestic product 2005-2011

15World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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US$ 1480 bnExports

US$ 2266 bnImports

40 Germanyrsquos trade

surplus is 40 higher than Chinarsquos

bull The United States remains the worldrsquos biggest trader in merchandise with imports and exports totalling US$ 3746 billion in 2011 Its trade defi cit amounted to US$ 785 billion 52 per cent of its GDP

bull China and Germany rank second and third respectively in merchandise trade Their trade surpluses were US$ 155 billion and US$ 218 billion respectively in 2011 21 per cent and 61 per cent of their GDP

bull In contrast to 2010 Japan incurred a trade defi cit in 2011 amounting to US$ 32 billion With imports and exports totalling US$ 1678 billion it remains the fourth-largest trader in the world

US remains the leading merchandise trader

Where to fi nd moreTables A6 and A7

Leading economies of merchandise trade 2011

IMPORTS US$ BILLION

EXPORTS US$ BILLION

The United States was the worldrsquos

biggest merchandise trader in 2011

0

0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000 2200

300

700

1100

1500

1900

2300

2700

China

United States

GermanyJapan

Netherlands

France

WTO-OMC

WTO
File Attachment
Leading economies of merchandise trade 2011

16 World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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0 rise in Africarsquos

exports of commercial services in 2011

11 growth in exports

of world commercial services in 2011

bull The value of world exports of commercial services rose by 11 per cent in 2011 to US$ 4170 billion exceeding pre-crisis levels of US$ 3850 in 2008

bull Europe showed signs of recovery with annual growth of 11 per cent in 2011 In contrast Asian economies saw their growth rate halved compared with 2010 mainly due to slower growth in transportation services and other commercial services

bull North Americarsquos exports of commercial services expanded by 9 per cent in 2011 the same as in 2010 while in Africa exports stagnated following the ldquoArab Springrdquo uprising that began at the end of 2010 The CIS was the most dynamic region with exports of commercial services increasing by 19 per cent followed by South and Central America with 13 per cent

World exports of commercial services up by 11 in 2011

Where to fi nd moreTable I3

Commercial services exports 2010-2011

12

0

9

11

23

4

9

10

11

11

19

Africa

North America

Middle East

Asia

Europe

C and S America and

the Caribbean

CIS

World

2010 2011

ANNUAL PERCENTAGE CHANGE ()

13

15

10

11

13

10 15 20 2550-5

WTO-COM

WTO
File Attachment
Commercial services exports 2010-2011

17World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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US$ 976 bnUnited States

US$ 542 bnGermany

US$ 444 bnUnited Kingdom

Largest traders in commercial services

bull The United States remained the worldrsquos largest trader of commercial services in 2011 with US$ 976 billion of trade making a surplus of US$ 186 billion The United Kingdom which ranked third with US$ 444 billion recorded also a surplus of US$ 103 billion Both the United States and the United Kingdom have recorded a surplus in services every year since the 1980s

bull Germany the second-largest services trader with US$ 542 billion of trade recorded a defi cit of US$ 36 billion in 2011

bull Among the leading emerging economies China remained a net services importer in 2011 while India registered a positive balance with the value of exports exceeding imports

US remains the leading commercial services trader

Leading traders in commercial services 2011

Where to fi nd moreTable I9

289253

170 274

103

237182

143167

23

166

118

142

-23

15

13124 137

-5

114105

IMPORTS BALANCE

US$ BILLION

Germany

Netherlands

India

Japan

France

China

United Kingdom

United States

Italy

Ireland

EXPORTS

-36

-54

134

-9

100 200 300 400 500 6000-100

186395

581

109114

WTO-COM

_x0007_Exports58086382525338115727373297918243306716661184514248186513655346713352496310939800210518396700395267744289091289170426395236530995143474724165810682123723469118174129114335759113987159_x0001_0_x0007_Exports580863825253381157273732979182433067166611845142481865136553467133524963109398002105183967_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_00000395267744289091289170426395236530995143474724165810682123723469118174129114335759113987159000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000
WTO
File Attachment
Leading traders in commercial services 2011

18 World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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34 in India

25 in China

Growth of US services supply through

affi liates in 2009

bull Services supplied by US majority-owned foreign affi liates to China and India proved more resilient to the global crisis than exports of cross-border services

bull In 2009 US exports of commercial services to India decreased by 4 per cent However services supplied to India through commercial presence (ie through US majority-owned foreign affi liates established in India) rose by 34 per cent Similarly in China services supplied by US majority-owned foreign affi liates grew by 25 per cent while exports of commercial services grew by only 2 per cent

bull In contrast services supplied through US majority-owned foreign affi liates to Europe and North America declined following the same pattern as cross-border exports

US service supply through affi liates to emerging economies on the rise

Where to fi nd moreTables I15 and I26

US services supplied to China and India 2004-09

25

20

15

10

5

0

2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009

US$ BILLION

BOP Exports of commercial services as measured in the balance of payments (modes 1 2 and 4)

FATS Outward foreign affi liates statistics (mode 3)

INDIA (FATS)CHINA (BOP)CHINA (FATS) INDIA (BOP)

WTO-OMC

WTO
File Attachment
US services supplied to China and India 2004-09

19World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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List of tables

I World trade developments 1 Overview

Table I1 Growth in the volume of world merchandise exports and production 2005-2011 21

Table I2 Growth in the volume of world merchandise trade by selected region and economy 2005-2011 21

2 Trade by region

Table I3 World merchandise trade and trade in commercial services by region and selected economy 2005-2011 22

Table I4 Intra- and inter-regional merchandise trade 2011 23

Table I5 World merchandise exports by region and selected economy 1948 1953 1963 1973 1983 1993 2003 and 2011 24

Table I6 World merchandise imports by region and selected economy 1948 1953 1963 1973 1983 1993 2003 and 2011 25

3 Leading traders

Table I7 Leading exporters and importers in world merchandise trade 2011 26

Table I8 Leading exporters and importers in world merchandise trade (excluding intra-EU (27) trade) 2011 27

Table I9 Leading exporters and importers in world trade in commercial services 2011 28

Table I10 Leading exporters and importers in world trade in commercial services (excluding intra-EU (27) trade) 2011 29

4 Bilateral trade of leading traders

Table I11 Merchandise trade of Canada by origin and destination 2011 30

Table I12 Merchandise trade of the United States by origin and destination 2011 31

Table I13 Merchandise trade of the European Union (27) by origin and destination 2011 32

Table I14 Merchandise trade of Japan by origin and destination 2011 33

Table I15 Trade in commercial services of selected economies by origin and destination 2010 34

5 Regional trade agreements

Table I16 Merchandise trade of NAFTA countries by major product group and by origindestination 2011 37

Table I17 Merchandise trade of MERCOSUR countries by major product group and by origindestination 2011 38

Table I18 Merchandise trade of Andean Community countries by major product group and by origindestination 2011 39

Table I19 Merchandise trade of ASEAN countries by major product group and by origindestination 2011 40

6 Least-developed countries

Table I20 Ratio of exports of goods and commercial services to GDP of the least-developed countries 2010 41

Table I21 Merchandise exports and imports of least-developed countries 2011 42

Table I22 Imports of agricultural products fuels and manufactures of the European Union (27) Asia and North America from the least-developed countries 2011 44

20 World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Table I23 Exports of commercial services of the least-developed countries by category 2010 45

7 Foreign affiliates statistics

Table I24 Sales by affiliates of foreign companies - resident affiliates primarily engaged in services activities (inward FATS) 2006-2009 46

Table I25 Sales by foreign affiliates of resident companies - affiliates located abroad primarily engaged in services activities (outward FATS) 2006-2009 47

Table I26 Services supplied by United States affiliates established abroad (outward FATS) and by foreign affiliates in the United States (inward FATS) by economy of affiliate 2009 48

21World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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1 Overview

Table I1

(Annual percentage change)

2005-11 2009 2010 2011

World merchandise exports 35 -120 140 50Agricultural products 40 -20 80 40Fuels and mining products 15 -55 55 15Manufactures 45 -150 185 65

World merchandise production 20 -55 45 25Agriculture 20 05 00 20Mining 05 -15 20 15Manufacturing 20 -75 60 30

World GDP 20 -25 40 25

Growth in the volume of world merchandise exports and production 2005-2011

Note See the Metadata for the estimation of world aggregates of merchandise exports production and GDP

Table I2

(Annual percentage change)

2005-11 2010 2011 2005-11 2010 2011

35 140 50 World 35 140 50

30 150 60 North America 10 155 45-20 85 30 Canada 30 145 8535 215 45 Mexico 00 235 6545 155 70 United States 05 150 40

20 50 60 South and Central America 100 230 120

20 110 50 Europe 15 100 2520 115 50 European Union (27) 10 95 20

-20 -25 -45 Norway 35 90 5030 90 85 Switzerland 25 95 25

30 60 20 Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 90 190 165

75 230 65 Asia 60 180 6530 125 05 Australia 55 100 70

120 285 95 China 115 220 95-55 -165 70 Hong Kong China 55 175 70125 255 155 India 140 225 9530 275 -05 Japan 05 100 2065 190 65 Six East Asian traders a 35 190 35

Growth in the volume of world merchandise trade by selected region and economy 2005-2011

a Hong Kong China Malaysia Republic of Korea Singapore Separate Customs Territory of Taiwan Penghu Kinmen and Matsu (Taipei Chinese) and Thailand

Imports Exports

22 World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Exports Imports

2005-11 2010 2011 2005-11 2010 2011

Merchandise10 22 20 World 9 21 198 23 16 North America 5 23 159 21 16 United States 5 23 154 23 17 Canada 6 22 15

13 25 27 South and Central America 16 30 2514 32 27 Brazil 20 43 2413 22 23 Argentina 17 46 317 12 17 Europe 7 13 177 12 17 European Union (27) 7 13 17

10 13 20 Switzerland 9 13 1815 31 34 Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 17 25 3014 32 30 Russian Federation 17 30 3012 29 33 Ukraine 15 34 3611 29 17 Africa 14 15 2011 31 20 South Africa 12 27 2915 48 38 Nigeria a 18 30 2415 27 37 Middle East 13 14 1812 31 45 Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 14 12 2316 19 30 United Arab Emirates a 16 10 2412 31 18 Asia 13 33 2316 31 20 China 18 39 256 33 7 Japan 9 26 23

Commercial services9 10 11 World 9 10 118 9 9 North America 6 8 88 8 9 United States 6 6 75 15 11 Canada 7 15 11

11 15 13 South and Central America 15 23 1816 15 21 Brazil 22 36 2214 19 8 Argentina 14 16 177 4 11 Europe 6 3 97 4 11 European Union (27) 6 2 9

12 10 15 Switzerland 11 4 1915 13 19 Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 14 18 1914 8 20 Russian Federation 15 21 2313 24 14 Ukraine 12 10 157 12 0 Africa 14 11 125 17 6 South Africa 8 25 75 11 -19 Egypt 5 2 0

hellip 11 10 Middle East hellip 12 15hellip 10 7 Saudi Arabia Kingdom of hellip 8 819 16 9 United Arab Emirates 17 12 1812 23 11 Asia 11 21 1416 32 7 China 19 22 236 10 3 Japan 5 6 7

a Secretariat estimates

World merchandise trade and trade in commercial services by region and selected economy 2005-2011

Table I3

(Annual percentage change)

2 Trade by region

23World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Table I4

(Billion dollars and percentage)

OriginNorth

America

South and Central America Europe CIS Africa Middle East Asia World

Value

World 2923 749 6881 530 538 672 5133 17816North America 1103 201 382 15 37 63 476 2282South and Central America 181 200 138 8 21 18 169 750Europe 480 119 4667 234 199 194 639 6612Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 43 11 409 154 12 24 117 789Africa 102 19 205 2 77 21 146 594Middle East 107 10 158 6 38 110 660 1251Asia 906 189 922 110 152 242 2926 5538

Share of regional trade flows in each regions total merchandise exports

World 164 42 386 30 30 38 288 1000North America 483 88 167 07 16 28 209 1000South and Central America 242 267 183 11 28 24 225 1000Europe 73 18 706 35 30 29 97 1000Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 55 14 518 195 16 30 148 1000Africa 171 33 345 03 130 36 245 1000Middle East 86 08 126 05 30 88 528 1000Asia 164 34 167 20 28 44 528 1000

Share of each regions exports in world merchandise exports to the region

World 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000North America 377 269 56 29 70 93 93 128South and Central America 62 268 20 16 40 27 33 42Europe 164 159 678 442 371 289 124 371Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 15 14 59 291 23 35 23 44Africa 35 26 30 03 143 32 28 33Middle East 37 13 23 11 70 164 129 70Asia 310 252 134 208 283 360 570 311

Share of regional trade flows in world merchandise exports

World 164 42 386 30 30 38 288 1000North America 62 11 21 01 02 04 27 128South and Central America 10 11 08 00 01 01 09 42Europe 27 07 262 13 11 11 36 371Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 02 01 23 09 01 01 07 44Africa 06 01 12 00 04 01 08 33Middle East 06 01 09 00 02 06 37 70Asia 51 11 52 06 09 14 164 311

Intra- and inter-regional merchandise trade 2011

Destination

24 World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Table I5

1948 1953 1963 1973 1983 1993 2003 2011

Value

World 59 84 157 579 1838 3676 7377 17816 Share

World 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000

North America 281 248 199 173 168 180 158 128United States 217 188 149 123 112 126 98 83Canada 55 52 43 46 42 39 37 25Mexico 09 07 06 04 14 14 22 20

South and Central America 113 97 64 43 44 30 30 42Brazil 20 18 09 11 12 10 10 14Argentina 28 13 09 06 04 04 04 05

Europe 351 394 478 509 435 454 459 371Germany a 14 53 93 117 92 103 102 83France 34 48 52 63 52 60 53 33Italy 18 18 32 38 40 46 41 29United Kingdom 113 90 78 51 50 49 41 27

Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) b - - - - - 15 26 44Africa 73 65 57 48 45 25 24 33

South Africa c 20 16 15 10 10 07 05 05

Middle East 20 27 32 41 68 35 41 70Asia 140 134 125 149 191 261 262 311

China 09 12 13 10 12 25 59 107Japan 04 15 35 64 80 99 64 46India 22 13 10 05 05 06 08 17Australia and New Zealand 37 32 24 21 14 14 12 17Six East Asian Traders 34 30 25 36 58 97 96 98

Memorandum item EU d - - 245 370 313 374 423 339USSR Former 22 35 46 37 50 - - -GATTWTO Members e 634 696 750 841 784 893 943 938

Note Between 1973 and 1983 and between 1993 and 2003 export shares were significantly influenced by oil price developments

World merchandise exports by region and selected economy 1948 1953 1963 1973 1983 1993 2003 and 2011

b Figures are significantly affected by including the mutual trade flows of the Baltic States and the CIS between 1993 and 2003c Beginning with 1998 figures refer to South Africa only and no longer to the Southern African Customs Union

e Membership as of the year stated

a Figures refer to the Fed Rep of Germany from 1948 through 1983

(Billion dollars and percentage)

d Figures refer to the EEC(6) in 1963 EC(9) in 1973 EC(10) in 1983 EU(12) in 1993 EU(25) in 2003 and EU(27) in 2011

25World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Table I6

1948 1953 1963 1973 1983 1993 2003 2011

Value

World 62 85 164 594 1882 3786 7695 15077 Share

World 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000

North America 185 205 161 172 185 214 224 171United States 130 139 114 123 143 159 169 125Canada 44 55 39 42 34 37 32 26Mexico 10 09 08 06 07 18 23 20

South and Central America 104 83 60 44 38 33 25 40Brazil 18 16 09 12 09 07 07 13Argentina 25 09 06 04 02 04 02 04

Europe 453 437 520 533 442 446 450 381Germany a 22 45 80 92 81 90 79 69France 55 49 53 64 56 57 52 40United Kingdom 134 110 85 65 53 55 52 35Italy 25 28 46 47 42 39 39 31

Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) b - - - - - 12 17 30Africa 81 70 52 39 46 26 22 31

South Africa c 25 15 11 09 08 05 05 07

Middle East 18 21 23 27 62 33 28 38Asia 139 151 141 149 185 237 235 309

China 06 16 09 09 11 27 54 97Japan 11 28 41 65 67 64 50 47India 23 14 15 05 07 06 09 26Australia and New Zealand 29 23 22 16 14 15 14 16Six East Asian Traders 35 37 32 39 61 103 86 95

Memorandum item EU d - - 255 371 314 353 413 346USSR Former 19 33 43 36 43 - - -GATTWTO Members e 586 669 753 855 813 887 948 959

Note Between 1973 and 1983 and between 1993 and 2003 import shares were significantly influenced by oil price developments

World merchandise imports by region and selected economy 1948 1953 1963 1973 1983 1993 2003 and 2011

b Figures are significantly affected by including the mutual trade flows of the Baltic States and the CIS between 1993 and 2003c Beginning with 1998 figures refer to South Africa only and no longer to the Southern African Customs Union

e Membership as of the year stated

a Figures refer to the Fed Rep of Germany from 1948 through 1983

(Billion dollars and percentage)

d Figures refer to the EEC(6) in 1963 EC(9) in 1973 EC(10) in 1983 EU(12) in 1993 EU(25) in 2003 and EU(27) in 2011

26 World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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3 Leading traders

Rank Exporters Value Share

Annual percentage

change Rank Importers Value Share

Annual percentage

change

1 China 1898 104 20 1 United States 2266 123 152 United States 1480 81 16 2 China 1743 95 253 Germany 1472 81 17 3 Germany 1254 68 194 Japan 823 45 7 4 Japan 855 46 235 Netherlands 661 36 15 5 France 714 39 176 France 596 33 14 6 United Kingdom 638 35 147 Korea Republic of 555 30 19 7 Netherlands 599 32 168 Italy 523 29 17 8 Italy 557 30 149 Russian Federation 522 29 30 9 Korea Republic of 524 28 2310 Belgium 477 26 17 10 Hong Kong China 511 28 16

retained imports 130 07 1611 United Kingdom 473 26 17 11 Canada a 463 25 1512 Hong Kong China 456 25 14 12 India 463 25 32

domestic exports 17 01 14 re-exports 439 24 14

13 Canada 452 25 17 13 Belgium 461 25 1714 Singapore 410 22 16 14 Spain 374 20 14

domestic exports 224 12 23 re-exports 186 10 10 15 Singapore 366 20 18

15 Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 365 20 45 retained imports 180 10 2716 Mexico 350 19 17 16 Mexico 361 20 1617 Spain 309 17 21 17 Russian Federation a 324 18 3018 Taipei Chinese 308 17 12 18 Taipei Chinese 281 15 1219 India 305 17 35 19 Australia 244 13 2120 United Arab Emirates b 285 16 30 20 Turkey 241 13 3021 Australia 270 15 27 21 Brazil 237 13 2422 Brazil 256 14 27 22 Thailand 228 12 2523 Switzerland 234 13 20 23 Switzerland 208 11 1824 Thailand 229 13 17 24 Poland 208 11 1725 Malaysia 227 12 14 25 United Arab Emirates b 205 11 2426 Indonesia 201 11 27 26 Austria 191 10 2027 Poland 187 10 17 27 Malaysia 188 10 1428 Sweden 187 10 18 28 Indonesia 177 10 3129 Austria 178 10 17 29 Sweden 176 10 1830 Czech Republic 162 09 22 30 Czech Republic 152 08 2031 Norway 159 09 22 31 Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 132 07 2332 Turkey 135 07 18 32 South Africa 122 07 2933 Iran b 132 07 30 33 Viet Nam 107 06 2634 Ireland 127 07 9 34 Hungary 103 06 1635 Nigeria b 116 06 38 35 Denmark 98 05 1536 Qatar 114 06 53 36 Norway 91 05 1737 Denmark 113 06 16 37 Finland 84 05 2238 Hungary 112 06 18 38 Ukraine 83 04 3639 Kuwait 104 06 54 39 Portugal 80 04 640 Viet Nam 97 05 34 40 Slovak Republic 77 04 1941 South Africa 97 05 20 41 Romania 76 04 2342 Venezuela Bolivarian Rep of 93 05 41 42 Israel 75 04 2343 Kazakhstan 88 05 47 43 Chile 75 04 2644 Argentina 84 05 23 44 Argentina 74 04 3145 Iraq b 83 05 59 45 Ireland 67 04 1046 Chile 81 04 15 46 Philippines 64 03 947 Slovak Republic 79 04 23 47 Iran 62 03 -448 Finland 79 04 13 48 Greece 61 03 -549 Algeria 73 04 29 49 Egypt 59 03 1150 Ukraine 68 04 33 50 Nigeria b 55 03 24

Total of above c 16887 925 - Total of above c 16851 914 - World c 18255 1000 20 World c 18438 1000 19

a Imports are valued fob b Secretariat estimates c Includes significant re-exports or imports for re-export Note For annual data 2000-2011 see Appendix A6 and A7

Table I7

Leading exporters and importers in world merchandise trade 2011

(Billion dollars and percentage)

27World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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1 Extra-EU (27) exports 2133 149 19 1 Extra-EU (27) imports 2350 162 172 China 1898 132 20 2 United States 2266 156 153 United States 1480 103 16 3 China 1743 120 254 Japan 823 57 7 4 Japan 855 59 235 Korea Republic of 555 39 19 5 Korea Republic of 524 36 236 Russian Federation 522 36 30 6 Hong Kong China 511 35 167 Hong Kong China 456 32 14 retained imports 130 09 16

domestic exports 17 01 14 re-exports 439 31 14 7 Canada a 463 32 15

8 Canada 452 32 17 8 India 463 32 329 Singapore 410 29 16 9 Singapore 366 25 18

domestic exports 224 16 23 retained imports 180 12 27 Singapore re-exports 186 13 10

10 Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 365 25 45 10 Mexico 361 25 1611 Mexico 350 24 17 11 Russian Federation a 324 22 3012 Taipei Chinese 308 21 12 12 Taipei Chinese 281 19 1213 India 305 21 35 13 Australia 244 17 2114 United Arab Emirates b 285 20 30 14 Turkey 241 17 3015 Australia 270 19 27 15 Brazil 237 16 2416 Brazil 256 18 27 16 Thailand 228 16 2517 Switzerland 234 16 20 17 Switzerland 208 14 1818 Thailand 229 16 17 18 United Arab Emirates b 205 14 2419 Malaysia 227 16 14 19 Malaysia 188 13 1420 Indonesia 201 14 27 20 Indonesia 177 12 3121 Norway 159 11 22 21 Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 132 09 2322 Turkey 135 09 18 22 South Africa 122 08 2923 Iran b 132 09 30 23 Viet Nam 107 07 2624 Nigeria b 116 08 38 24 Norway 91 06 1725 Qatar 114 08 53 25 Ukraine 83 06 3626 Kuwait 104 07 54 26 Israel 75 05 2327 Viet Nam 97 07 34 27 Chile 75 05 2628 South Africa 97 07 20 28 Argentina 74 05 3129 Venezuela Bolivarian Rep of 93 06 41 29 Philippines 64 04 930 Kazakhstan 88 06 47 30 Iran 62 04 -431 Argentina 84 06 23 31 Egypt 59 04 1132 Iraq b 83 06 59 32 Nigeria b 55 04 2433 Chile 81 06 15 33 Colombia 55 04 3434 Algeria 73 05 29 34 Iraq b 54 04 2335 Ukraine 68 05 33 35 Venezuela Bolivarian Rep of b 48 03 2036 Israel 68 05 16 36 Algeria 47 03 1737 Angola b 66 05 29 37 Belarus 46 03 3138 Colombia 57 04 43 38 Morocco 44 03 2539 Philippines 48 03 -6 39 Pakistan 44 03 1640 Oman 47 03 29 40 Peru 38 03 2641 Peru 46 03 30 41 Kazakhstan 38 03 2242 Belarus 40 03 59 42 Bangladesh 36 02 3043 New Zealand 38 03 20 43 Qatar b 30 02 2944 Azerbaijan 34 02 30 44 Kuwait 25 02 1345 Egypt 31 02 15 45 Ecuador 24 02 1846 Pakistan 25 02 18 46 Tunisia 24 02 847 Bangladesh 24 02 27 47 Oman b 24 02 1948 Ecuador 22 02 28 48 Croatia 23 02 1349 Morocco 22 02 21 49 Angola a b 22 02 3250 Bahrain Kingdom of 20 01 31 50 Panama 22 02 30

Total of above c 13871 967 - Total of above c 13876 955 -

World (excl intra-EU (27)) c 14349 1000 21 World (excl intra-EU (27)) c 14532 1000 20

a Imports are valued fob b Secretariat estimates c Includes significant re-exports or imports for re-export Note For annual data 2000-2011 see Appendix A6 and A7

Table I8

Leading exporters and importers in world merchandise trade (excluding intra-EU (27) trade) 2011

28 World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Rank Exporters Value Share

Annual percentage

change Rank Importers Value Share

Annual percentage

change

1 United States 581 139 9 1 United States 395 100 72 United Kingdom 274 66 11 2 Germany 289 73 103 Germany 253 61 9 3 China 237 60 234 China 182 44 7 4 United Kingdom 170 43 65 France 167 40 15 5 Japan 166 42 76 Japan 142 34 3 6 France 143 36 97 Spain 140 34 14 7 India 124 31 78 India 137 33 11 8 Netherlands 118 30 129 Netherlands 134 32 16 9 Ireland 114 29 710 Singapore 129 31 15 10 Italy 114 29 511 Hong Kong China 121 29 14 11 Singapore 114 29 1812 Ireland 109 26 12 12 Canada 100 25 1113 Italy 105 25 8 13 Korea Republic of 98 25 314 Switzerland 94 23 15 14 Spain 93 24 815 Korea Republic of 94 23 9 15 Russian Federation 88 22 2316 Belgium 87 21 2 16 Belgium 85 21 817 Sweden 76 18 16 17 Brazil 73 18 2218 Canada 75 18 11 18 Australia 60 15 1919 Luxembourg 72 17 9 19 Denmark 56 14 1120 Denmark 65 16 9 20 Hong Kong China 56 14 1021 Austria 61 15 13 21 Sweden 56 14 1622 Russian Federation 53 13 20 22 Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 55 14 823 Australia 51 12 8 23 Thailand 51 13 1424 Taipei Chinese 46 11 15 24 United Arab Emirates 49 12 1825 Norway 42 10 6 25 Switzerland 47 12 1926 Thailand 41 10 20 26 Norway 45 11 627 Macao China 40 09 38 27 Austria 42 11 1428 Greece 38 09 2 28 Taipei Chinese 41 10 1129 Turkey 38 09 11 29 Luxembourg 41 10 1230 Poland 37 09 13 30 Malaysia 37 09 1731 Brazil 37 09 21 31 Indonesia 32 08 2432 Malaysia 35 08 7 32 Poland 31 08 433 Finland 27 07 -1 33 Finland 26 07 -534 Israel 27 06 11 34 Mexico 25 06 1535 Portugal 26 06 14 35 Iran a 25 06 36 Czech Republic 23 06 10 36 Nigeria 22 06 1337 Hungary 22 05 12 37 Angola a 20 05 38 Indonesia 20 05 23 38 Turkey 20 05 839 Egypt 19 05 -19 39 Israel 20 05 1040 Ukraine 19 05 14 40 South Africa 19 05 7

Total of above 3740 897 - Total of above 3395 859 -World 4170 1000 11 World 3955 1000 11

Leading exporters and importers in world trade in commercial services 2011

Note Figures for a number of countries and territories have been estimated by the Secretariat Annual percentage changes and rankings are affected by continuity breaks in the series for a large number of economies and by limitations in cross-country comparability See the Metadata For annual data 2001-2011 see Appendix Tables A8 and A9

a Secretariat estimate

Table I9

(Billion dollars and percentage)

29World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Rank Exporters Value Share

Annual percentage

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Annual percentage

change

1 Extra-EU (27) exports 784 247 11 1 Extra-EU (27) imports 644 211 92 United States 581 183 9 2 United States 395 129 73 China 182 58 7 3 China 237 77 234 Japan 142 45 3 4 Japan 166 54 75 India 137 43 11 5 India 124 41 76 Singapore 129 41 15 6 Singapore 114 37 187 Hong Kong China 121 38 14 7 Canada 100 33 118 Switzerland 94 30 15 8 Korea Republic of 98 32 39 Korea Republic of 94 30 9 9 Russian Federation 88 29 23

10 Canada 75 23 11 10 Brazil 73 24 2211 Russian Federation 53 17 20 11 Australia 60 19 1912 Australia 51 16 8 12 Hong Kong China 56 18 1013 Taipei Chinese 46 15 15 13 Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 55 18 814 Norway 42 13 6 14 Thailand 51 17 1415 Thailand 41 13 20 15 United Arab Emirates 49 16 1816 Macao China 40 12 38 16 Switzerland 47 15 1917 Turkey 38 12 11 17 Norway 45 15 618 Brazil 37 12 21 18 Taipei Chinese 41 14 1119 Malaysia 35 11 7 19 Malaysia 37 12 1720 Israel 27 08 11 20 Indonesia 32 10 2421 Indonesia 20 06 23 21 Mexico 25 08 1522 Egypt 19 06 -19 22 Iran a 25 08 23 Ukraine 19 06 14 23 Nigeria 22 07 1324 Lebanon a 18 06 24 Angola a 20 07 25 Philippines 15 05 10 25 Turkey 20 06 826 Mexico 15 05 1 26 Israel 20 06 1027 South Africa 14 05 6 27 South Africa 19 06 728 Argentina 14 04 8 28 Kuwait 16 05 1529 Morocco 14 04 12 29 Argentina 16 05 1730 Croatia 12 04 10 30 Qatar 16 05 10331 Chile 12 04 14 31 Lebanon a 15 05 32 United Arab Emirates 12 04 9 32 Ukraine 14 05 1533 Cuba a 12 04 33 Chile 14 04 1834 Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 11 04 7 34 Egypt 13 04 035 New Zealand 10 03 11 35 Venezuela Bolivarian Rep of 12 04 1336 Kuwait 10 03 9 36 Viet Nam 12 04 2037 Iran a 9 03 37 Philippines 12 04 438 Viet Nam 9 03 19 38 Algeria 11 04 -439 Syrian Arab Republic a 8 02 39 New Zealand 11 04 1740 Panama 7 02 18 40 Kazakhstan 11 04 -3

Total of above 3010 949 - Total of above 2835 928 -World (excl intra-EU (27)) 3170 1000 11 World (excl intra-EU (27)) 3055 1000 12

Leading exporters and importers in world trade in commercial services (excluding intra-EU (27) trade) 2011

Note Figures for a number of countries and territories have been estimated by the Secretariat Annual percentage changes and rankings are affected by continuity breaks in the series for a large number of economies and by limitations in cross-country comparability See the Metadata For annual data 2001-2011 see Appendix Tables A8 and A9

a Secretariat estimate

Table I10

(Billion dollars and percentage)

30 World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Table I11

(Million dollars and percentage)

Destination Value Origin Value

2011 2005 2011 2010 2011 2011 2005 2011 2010 2011

Region Region

World 452440 1000 1000 23 17 World 462635 1000 1000 22 59North America 337369 846 746 22 15 North America 258684 613 559 23 13Asia 49391 65 109 23 29 Asia 93656 173 202 22 12Europe 45888 65 101 29 19 Europe 63084 140 136 13 16South and Central America 8628 11 19 37 19 South and Central America 19220 31 42 36 20Middle East 3664 05 08 -18 10 Africa 14905 18 32 42 51Africa 3524 05 08 12 7 Middle East 7970 10 17 43 50CIS 1916 02 04 33 25 CIS 5117 06 11 12 7

Economy Economy

United States 331738 839 733 22 15 United States 223133 551 482 20 13European Union (27) 40312 57 89 28 21 European Union (27) 52591 118 114 17 13China 16957 17 37 31 32 China 48657 76 105 24 13Japan 10776 21 24 22 21 Mexico 24807 37 54 48 16Mexico 5530 08 12 15 14 Japan 13193 38 29 20 1

Above 5 405312 942 896 - - Above 5 362382 819 783 - -Korea Republic of 5135 06 11 16 43 Korea Republic of 6674 14 14 14 12Hong Kong China 2990 03 07 39 64 Algeria 5543 11 12 5 59Brazil 2869 03 06 77 15 Taipei Chinese 4983 10 11 31 29Norway 2845 04 06 58 16 Peru 4455 03 10 40 26India 2645 02 06 6 32 Norway 4389 16 09 -12 59Australia 1917 04 04 9 13 Canada b 3973 09 09 31 4Taipei Chinese 1764 03 04 29 41 Brazil 3919 08 08 41 23Indonesia 1661 02 04 21 61 Switzerland 3196 05 07 -6 12Russian Federation 1512 01 03 48 31 Kazakhstan 2885 00 06 49 30United Arab Emirates 1372 01 03 -3 24 Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 2774 04 06 46 41Turkey 1284 01 03 4 57 Thailand 2703 05 06 16 16Switzerland 1151 02 03 43 -23 India 2561 05 06 17 24Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 868 01 02 -7 -9 Nigeria 2518 00 05 302 55Thailand 847 01 02 27 34 Iraq 2490 03 05 65 34Chile 827 01 02 1 45 Angola 2470 01 05 31 57Singapore 812 01 02 -15 0 Argentina 2385 01 05 145 58Malaysia 769 01 02 10 1 Malaysia 2162 07 05 9 -3Colombia 768 01 02 20 23 Chile 1931 04 04 19 6Egypt 718 01 02 9 18 Australia 1786 04 04 10 14Pakistan 696 01 02 48 31 Singapore 1572 02 03 9 42South Africa 690 01 02 16 51 Indonesia 1444 02 03 38 18Bolivarian Rep of Venezuela 613 02 01 2 13 Viet Nam 1346 01 03 23 18Bangladesh 557 00 01 5 -4 Russian Federation 1299 04 03 18 -19Philippines 545 01 01 42 -16 Turkey 1134 02 02 25 64Peru 521 01 01 23 13 Bangladesh 1072 01 02 14 32Argentina 500 00 01 80 81 Israel 993 02 02 17 2Cuba 467 01 01 36 23 South Africa 934 02 02 25 34Israel 401 01 01 22 7 Philippines 925 02 02 33 7New Zealand 385 01 01 18 23 United Arab Emirates 910 00 02 -13 hellipTrinidad and Tobago 345 00 01 25 19 Colombia 808 01 02 8 16Viet Nam 339 00 01 33 32 Bolivarian Rep of Venezuela 741 05 02 -6 -3Sri Lanka 306 00 01 15 -10 Cuba 710 01 02 44 12Morocco 303 00 01 -45 67 Cocircte dIvoire 636 00 01 108 56Ecuador 284 00 01 8 11 Equatorial Guinea 636 01 01 113 -2Ghana 269 00 01 25 55 New Zealand 556 01 01 9 28

Above 40 445288 993 984 - - Above 40 441894 961 955 - -

b In 2011 Canada reported imports from Canada accounting for nearly 1 percent of its total merchandise importsa Imports are valued fob

Merchandise trade of Canada by origin and destination 2011

Annual percentage

change

Annual percentage

change Share Share

Exports Imports a

4 Bilateral trade of leading traders

31World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Table I12

(Million dollars and percentage)

Destination Value Origin Value

2011 2005 2011 2010 2011 2011 2005 2011 2010 2011

Region Region World 1480432 1000 1000 21 16 World 2265894 1000 1000 23 15North America 479841 367 324 24 16 Asia 841716 368 371 23 10Asia 412148 268 278 28 13 North America 585684 268 258 26 14Europe 315721 227 213 11 14 Europe 416485 200 184 14 16South and Central America 166285 79 112 27 21 South and Central America 178846 75 79 20 31Middle East 58356 35 39 9 20 Middle East 106282 38 47 26 38Africa 33204 17 22 16 16 Africa 94857 39 42 35 8CIS 12908 06 09 14 40 CIS 42025 11 19 34 30

Economy Economy Canada 280710 234 190 21 13 China 417303 150 184 24 9European Union (27) 269137 207 182 9 12 European Union (27) 375512 184 166 14 15Mexico 197544 133 133 27 21 Canada 319101 168 141 23 14China 103878 46 70 32 13 Mexico 265347 100 117 30 14Japan 66160 61 45 18 9 Japan 132442 82 58 26 7

Above 5 917429 681 620 - - Above 5 1509705 684 666 - -Korea Republic of 43505 31 29 36 12 Korea Republic of 58580 26 26 25 16Brazil 42943 17 29 35 21 Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 48760 17 22 40 49Hong Kong China 36489 18 25 26 37 Bolivarian Rep of Venezuela 43863 20 19 16 31Singapore 31374 23 21 31 8 Taipei Chinese 42651 21 19 27 15Australia 27512 17 19 11 26 India 37468 11 17 39 22Taipei Chinese 25896 24 17 41 -1 Russian Federation 35511 09 16 40 34Switzerland 24446 12 17 18 18 Nigeria 34348 14 15 59 10India 21628 09 15 17 13 Brazil 32472 15 14 19 30United Arab Emirates 15886 09 11 -4 37 Malaysia 26485 20 12 11 -1Chile 15873 06 11 16 46 Thailand 25746 12 11 19 9Turkey 14632 05 10 49 39 Switzerland 24868 08 11 20 28Colombia 14315 06 10 27 19 Colombia 23721 05 10 37 46Malaysia 14217 12 10 34 2 Israel 23250 10 10 12 10Israel 13956 11 09 18 24 Indonesia 19992 07 09 27 15Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 13820 08 09 7 19 Singapore 19363 09 09 12 9Bolivarian Rep of Venezuela 12351 07 08 14 16 Viet Nam 18454 04 08 22 16Thailand 10927 08 07 30 22 Iraq 17365 06 08 30 38Argentina 9878 05 07 33 33 Algeria 14913 06 07 34 0Peru 8319 03 06 37 23 Angola 13833 05 06 27 13Russian Federation 8285 04 06 11 39 Costa Rica 10370 02 05 54 16Panama 8248 02 06 39 36 Australia 10361 04 05 7 18Philippines 7706 08 05 28 4 Ecuador 10034 04 04 40 28Indonesia 7415 03 05 36 7 Chile 9728 04 04 16 27Dominican Republic 7346 05 05 24 12 South Africa 9648 03 04 40 16South Africa 7294 04 05 26 30 Philippines 9480 06 04 18 14Guatemala 6205 03 04 14 39 Norway 8563 04 04 22 19Egypt 6183 04 04 30 -10 Trinidad and Tobago 8513 05 04 25 21Honduras 6139 04 04 36 33 Kuwait 8010 03 04 41 43Costa Rica 6118 04 04 10 18 Peru 6537 03 03 21 22Ecuador 6040 02 04 39 11 Turkey 5463 03 02 15 24Nigeria 4815 02 03 10 19 Bangladesh 5082 02 02 17 12Viet Nam 4341 01 03 19 17 Argentina 4732 03 02 -3 18Norway 3632 02 02 13 17 Honduras 4692 02 02 18 14New Zealand 3497 03 02 31 24 Gabon 4659 02 02 77 105Bahamas 3418 02 02 31 6 Hong Kong China 4412 05 02 21 -1

Above 40 1412078 964 954 - - Above 40 2191633 967 967 - -

Annual percentage

change

Merchandise trade of the United States by origin and destination 2011

Annual percentage

change Share Share

Exports Imports

32 World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Table I13

(Million dollars and percentage)

Destination Value Origin Value

2011 2005 2011 2010 2011 2011 2005 2011 2010 2011

Region Region

World 6038597 1000 1000 12 17 World 6255558 1000 1000 13 17Europe 4293810 735 711 10 17 Europe 4239897 703 678 10 16Asia 575412 75 95 24 21 Asia 824999 123 132 21 10North America 433089 89 72 15 15 CIS 356204 56 57 28 36CIS 210719 25 35 22 30 North America 307863 42 49 10 16Africa 183490 26 30 10 13 Africa 203123 31 32 19 15Middle East 159228 27 26 9 15 Middle East 138009 20 22 38 44South and Central America 109472 13 18 32 21 South and Central America 132179 18 21 20 22

Economy Economy

European Union (27) 3905709 678 647 10 16 European Union (27) a 3905709 652 624 10 16United States 362942 77 60 13 13 China 406867 47 65 25 9Switzerland 169376 25 28 13 21 United States 256584 48 41 7 14China 189644 16 31 31 26 Russian Federation 277571 33 44 29 31Russian Federation 150924 17 25 25 32 Switzerland 126973 20 20 7 15

Above 5 4778596 814 791 - - Above 5 4973705 801 795 - -Turkey 101192 14 17 32 25 Norway 130209 20 21 10 24Japan 68149 13 11 16 17 Japan 93933 22 15 10 8Norway 64815 10 11 6 17 Turkey 66258 11 11 11 18India 56272 07 09 21 22 Korea Republic of 50273 10 08 16 -3United Arab Emirates 45451 08 08 6 24 Brazil 52705 07 08 22 22Brazil 49734 05 08 38 20 India 54853 06 09 24 25Korea Republic of 45179 06 07 23 22 Taipei Chinese 33419 07 05 28 4Canada 41228 07 07 16 17 Algeria 38567 06 06 15 38Australia 42887 06 07 17 21 Libya 14530 06 02 33 -63Hong Kong China 42013 06 07 30 18 Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 39150 07 06 33 81Singapore 37762 05 06 14 17 Canada 31837 05 05 20 19Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 36779 05 06 16 20 Malaysia 29299 05 05 35 6South Africa 35685 06 06 27 26 Singapore 26383 05 04 22 6Mexico 33152 05 05 27 17 South Africa 24740 05 04 14 4Ukraine 29496 04 05 18 28 Thailand 24417 04 04 15 6Algeria 23952 03 04 0 16 Kazakhstan 31832 03 05 40 51Israel 23458 04 04 20 23 Nigeria 33617 02 05 32 75Taipei Chinese 22564 04 04 40 15 Indonesia 22510 03 04 13 22Morocco 21116 04 03 9 16 Iran 22749 03 04 47 18Egypt 19409 03 03 12 -1 Mexico 22658 03 04 25 30Iran 14602 04 02 3 -3 Ukraine 20977 03 03 38 38Croatia 15969 03 03 -9 17 Israel 17623 03 03 19 20Malaysia 16586 03 03 11 11 Hong Kong China 14172 03 02 7 0Tunisia 15216 02 03 17 3 Australia 16401 03 03 15 26Nigeria 17360 02 03 10 23 Chile 15255 02 02 20 22Thailand 16502 02 03 24 25 Viet Nam 17840 02 03 17 40Serbia 11925 01 02 7 21 Azerbaijan 20660 01 03 26 60Argentina 11580 01 02 48 18 Argentina 14858 02 02 8 20Indonesia 10235 01 02 16 21 Tunisia 13747 02 02 13 9Chile 10651 01 02 27 33 Morocco 12113 03 02 12 18Belarus 10046 01 02 26 14 Egypt 13248 02 02 11 38Kazakhstan 8351 01 01 -6 21 United Arab Emirates 12321 03 02 47 60Libya 2924 01 00 1 -67 Iraq 13171 01 02 6 39Qatar 6800 01 01 -4 -4 Qatar 18700 00 03 136 79Gibraltar 11057 01 02 35 72 Bangladesh 11954 01 02 9 35

Above 40 5798689 965 960 - - Above 40 6050685 970 967 - -

a The figures are affected by the INTRASTAT system of recording trade between EU member States Intra-EU (27) imports are under-recorded To compensate for this under-recording intra-EU (27) exports have been used to obtain total (World) imports

Exports Imports

Merchandise trade of the European Union (27) by origin and destination 2011

Annual percentage

change

Annual percentage

change Share Share

33World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Table I14

(Million dollars and percentage)

Destination Value Origin Value

2011 2005 2011 2010 2011 2011 2005 2011 2010 2011

Region Region

World 822564 1000 1000 33 7 World 854998 1000 1000 26 23Asia 482969 510 587 37 7 Asia 442550 499 518 28 22North America 146824 255 178 27 5 Middle East 161154 169 188 28 36Europe 109819 157 134 21 11 North America 93078 149 109 15 12South and Central America 17843 16 22 47 0 Europe 91331 127 107 12 20Middle East 24562 28 30 17 -3 South and Central America 29275 24 34 45 28Africa 9899 12 12 26 -2 CIS 20005 13 23 78 17CIS 13760 09 17 122 51 Africa 17106 19 20 28 46

Economy Economy

China 162062 135 197 36 8 China 183818 210 215 25 20United States 127679 229 155 26 6 European Union (27) 80228 114 94 12 21European Union (27) 95909 148 117 20 10 United States 76141 127 89 14 10Korea Republic of 66167 78 80 32 6 Australia 56472 47 66 29 26Taipei Chinese 50961 73 62 44 -3 Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 50514 56 59 23 40

Above 5 502778 662 611 - - Above 5 447173 553 523 - -Hong Kong China a 42954 60 52 33 2 United Arab Emirates 42909 49 50 29 46Thailand 37531 38 46 54 10 Korea Republic of 39798 47 47 30 39Singapore 27265 31 33 22 8 Indonesia 34061 40 40 29 21Malaysia 18796 21 23 37 7 Malaysia 30463 28 36 36 34Australia 17818 21 22 30 12 Qatar 30083 21 35 37 38Indonesia 17739 15 22 71 11 Thailand 24508 30 29 31 17Panama 14939 12 18 21 -4 Taipei Chinese 23254 35 27 26 1Russian Federation 11819 08 14 144 48 Russian Federation 18972 12 22 82 18Philippines 11229 15 14 35 1 Kuwait 13113 15 15 15 27India 11079 06 13 43 23 Canada 12954 17 15 19 19Mexico 10229 12 12 39 8 Iran Islamic Rep of 12902 20 15 20 15Viet Nam 9595 06 12 25 17 Brazil 12795 09 15 55 30Switzerland 9230 04 11 24 19 Viet Nam 11556 09 14 17 41Canada 8911 15 11 20 -4 Chile 9977 10 12 43 32United Arab Emirates 7438 08 09 13 1 Philippines 8921 15 10 23 13Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 6497 07 08 20 0 Singapore 8671 13 10 34 6Brazil 6207 05 08 46 0 South Africa 8427 11 10 44 17South Africa 4316 06 05 47 13 Switzerland 7837 10 09 8 15Liberia 3300 02 04 32 69 India 6812 06 08 52 20Turkey 3071 04 04 59 20 Brunei Darussalam 5542 04 06 19 40Oman 2796 02 03 34 -11 Oman 5145 05 06 37 14Chile 2346 02 03 103 -14 Mexico 3984 05 05 24 14Israel 2181 02 03 56 23 Iraq 3728 01 04 143 9New Zealand 1925 04 02 26 1 New Zealand 3106 05 04 27 15Marshall Islands 1868 00 02 138 -6 Peru 2393 01 03 28 13Iran Islamic Rep of 1709 02 02 27 -18 Norway 2350 02 03 18 21Pakistan 1699 03 02 30 29 Sudan 2264 04 03 13 86Colombia 1497 01 02 60 20 Nigeria 1657 02 02 1 206Norway 1427 02 02 5 29 Hong Kong China 1543 03 02 38 1Kuwait 1349 02 02 16 -5 Equatorial Guinea 1323 00 02 -54 268Egypt 1344 01 02 7 -8 Israel 1081 02 01 2 30Bangladesh 1075 01 01 34 5 Argentina 1078 01 01 58 8Qatar 1019 02 01 -30 -11 Papua New Guinea 944 01 01 42 -3Argentina 977 01 01 41 14 Egypt 875 00 01 52 90Sri Lanka 945 01 01 209 50 Kazakhstan 763 01 01 81 27

Above 40 806900 983 981 - - Above 40 842964 987 986 - -

a Includes significant shipments recorded as exports to Hong Kong China with China as final destination

Merchandise trade of Japan by origin and destination 2011

Annual percentage

change

Annual percentage

change Share Share

Exports Imports

34 World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Table I15

(Million dollars and percentage)

Value Share Value Share

2010 2010 2005-10 2009 2010 2010 2010 2005-10 2009 2010

European Union (27)

World 1604379 1000 6 -13 4 World 1419238 1000 6 -12 2European Union (27) 899923 561 6 -14 2 European Union (27) 828036 583 5 -12 1United States 168349 105 2 -15 2 United States 172830 122 4 -11 0Switzerland 93115 58 8 -9 4 Switzerland 67897 48 8 -9 2Russian Federation 30531 19 15 -18 19 China 21637 15 12 -15 14China 29521 18 14 -11 11 Japan 19628 14 5 -24 10

Above 5 1221439 761 - - - Above 5 1110028 782 - - -Japan 25812 16 1 -14 5 Russian Federation 18534 13 9 -23 18Norway 24353 15 6 -11 1 Turkey 18200 13 5 -15 14Australia 18874 12 12 -8 13 Norway 13836 10 4 -19 -1Singapore 17505 11 10 -14 13 Singapore 12397 09 11 -17 14Canada 17358 11 9 -11 14 Canada 12229 09 6 -18 9India 14193 09 17 -3 14 India 11420 08 13 -14 13Brazil 12915 08 17 -12 -1 Hong Kong China 9831 07 8 -22 7Hong Kong China 11713 07 2 -24 15 Australia 8914 06 4 -15 11Turkey 10534 07 12 -10 18 Egypt 8783 06 7 -14 10Korea Republic of 9966 06 6 -28 17 Brazil 7475 05 9 -7 -14

Above 15 1384662 863 - - - Above 15 1231647 868 - - -United States

World 532142 1000 8 -6 8 World 369907 1000 6 -7 6European Union (27) 169098 318 -12 -1 European Union (27) 125399 339 -12 2Canada 50521 95 9 -5 18 Bermuda 31740 86 21 36 -6Japan 44750 84 2 -4 12 Canada 25579 69 3 -11 15Mexico 24110 45 2 -11 4 Japan 23541 64 3 -14 12China 21135 40 20 6 32 Switzerland 19665 53 10 -2 6

Above 5 309614 582 - - - Above 5 225924 611 - - -Switzerland 20313 38 12 -5 8 Mexico 13730 37 -1 -13 1Brazil 16515 31 23 8 26 India 13661 37 22 -1 11Korea Republic of 15105 28 10 -1 18 China 9967 27 10 -12 22Australia 13168 25 12 0 10 Korea Republic of 7756 21 6 -12 21Bermuda 11061 21 18 14 1 Hong Kong China 6492 18 5 -20 12India 10319 19 15 -4 5 Taipei Chinese 6330 17 0 -22 24Singapore 9709 18 12 -3 38 Australia 5600 15 4 -6 5Taipei Chinese 9292 17 10 7 44 Brazil 5232 14 22 2 5Hong Kong China 5507 10 8 -1 -4 Israel 4044 11 11 1 3Venezuela Bolivarian Rep of 5013 09 14 3 -3 Singapore 3771 10 1 -9 8

Above 15 425616 800 - - - Above 15 302507 818 - - -China a

World 170248 1000 18 -12 32 World 192174 1000 18 0 22Hong Kong China 49426 290 -11 33 Hong Kong China 33777 176 0 28European Union (27) 18508 109 -19 8 European Union (27) 28500 148 -14 40Japan 11439 67 -12 20 United States 21135 110 -33 35United States 9967 59 -64 22 Japan 18233 95 3 20Taipei Chinese 7568 44 -2 18 Korea Republic of 11233 58 -3 11

Above 5 96908 569 - - - Above 5 112878 587 - - -Korea Republic of 6845 40 -28 22 Australia 8161 42 -14 36Singapore 6186 36 -4 19 Macao China 5304 28 -3 -26Macao China 2920 17 -30 -3 Taipei Chinese 5082 26 12 112Australia 1635 10 -25 49 Singapore 4806 25 17 20

Above 9 114495 673 - - - Above 9 136231 709 - - -

Trade in commercial services of selected economies by origin and destination 2010

Annual percentage change

Annual percentage change

Exports Imports

35World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Table I15 (continued)

(Million dollars and percentage)

Value Share Value Share

2010 2010 2005-10 2009 2010 2010 2010 2005-10 2009 2010

Japan

World 138705 1000 6 -14 10 World 155611 1000 5 -12 6United States 36232 261 -7 6 United States 44530 286 -9 7European Union (27) 33368 241 -21 0 European Union (27) 32374 208 -9 2Singapore 12837 93 -25 23 China 8915 57 -1 2China 10155 73 -13 29 Singapore 8086 52 -24 17Taipei Chinese 9229 67 0 37 Korea Republic of 6652 43 -28 13

Above 5 101819 734 - - - Above 5 100557 646 - - -Indonesia 3451 25 -12 91 Hong Kong China 5466 35 -27 14Korea Republic of 3414 25 -19 -10 Taipei Chinese 4642 30 -16 24Thailand 2951 21 -49 15 Australia 3615 23 -4 6Australia 2607 19 23 -5 Thailand 3051 20 -6 6Switzerland 2257 16 -32 22 Switzerland 2783 18 -16 5Canada 2109 15 -41 3 United Arab Emirates 1971 13 -21 -46India 2071 15 -19 60 Indonesia 1814 12 -4 7Hong Kong China 2061 15 -27 hellip Canada 1687 11 -9 20Brazil 1138 08 12 23 Philippines 1686 11 -14 14Malaysia 1069 08 hellip 122 Russian Federation 1445 09 86 56

Above 15 124945 901 - - - Above 15 128716 827 - - -Hong Kong China b

World 106089 1000 11 -6 23 World 50855 1000 8 -7 16China 29670 280 13 1 30 China 13481 265 8 -3 16United States 22253 210 12 -7 23 European Union (27) 8623 170 -8 14European Union (27) 19552 184 -8 22 United States 7384 145 8 -5 13Japan 6205 58 7 -8 14 Japan 4139 81 7 -13 21Taipei Chinese 4453 42 0 -19 16 Singapore 3055 60 16 -6 20

Above 5 82133 774 - - - Above 5 36682 721 - - -Australia 2881 27 14 -8 23 Australia 2562 50 4 -6 19Singapore 2835 27 10 -4 15 Taipei Chinese 2228 44 10 -5 22Korea Republic of 2531 24 11 -20 28 Canada 1346 26 7 -20 20Canada 1612 15 10 -19 22 Thailand 900 18 -1 -17 13Malaysia 1356 13 12 -11 22 Korea Republic of 892 18 2 -7 19Switzerland 1329 13 16 -3 53 Macao China 804 16 12 2 18India 1264 12 18 4 31 India 802 16 18 -15 26Indonesia 971 09 18 -9 107 Malaysia 769 15 10 2 8Thailand 930 09 5 -10 27 Switzerland 420 08 12 2 21Philippines 788 07 8 -3 15 Philippines 420 08 4 -24 16

Above 15 98630 930 - - - Above 15 47825 940 - - -Korea Republic of

World 86266 1000 12 -19 19 World 94956 1000 10 -17 19China 13728 159 18 -26 41 United States 25642 270 9 -8 19United States 13055 151 3 -18 15 European Union (27) 17884 188 11 -20 12Japan 10780 125 10 -10 27 China 10585 111 11 -19 23European Union (27) 9778 113 8 -34 28 Japan 8972 94 4 -22 20United Arab Emirates 5040 58 53 148 -8 Hong Kong China 4633 49 13 -38 28

Above 5 52381 607 - - - Above 5 67716 713 - - -Hong Kong China 4142 48 8 -28 33 Singapore 3655 38 7 -30 29Singapore 3452 40 20 -23 16 Australia 2387 25 11 -8 44Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 2172 25 26 41 -11 Viet Nam 2100 22 22 -5 33Taipei Chinese 1953 23 6 -40 55 United Arab Emirates 1751 18 29 -2 34India 1649 19 27 13 26 Canada 1569 17 4 -11 21Viet Nam 1532 18 32 -21 13 Indonesia 1520 16 18 -5 28Australia 1394 16 23 76 11 Taipei Chinese 1347 14 11 -19 36Russian Federation 1339 16 24 -47 73 Philippines 1290 14 9 -37 108Thailand 1304 15 7 -15 12 Thailand 1193 13 4 -20 34Malaysia 1004 12 13 -28 50 India 817 09 20 8 15

Above 15 72323 838 - - - Above 15 85344 899 - - -

Trade in commercial services of selected economies by origin and destination 2010

Annual percentage change

Annual percentage change

Exports Imports

36 World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Table I15 (continued)

(Million dollars and percentage)

Value Share Value Share

2010 2010 2005-10 2009 2010 2010 2010 2005-10 2009 2010

Canada World 67432 1000 4 -12 15 World 89963 1000 7 -11 15United States 36726 545 3 -10 14 United States 51903 577 6 -10 17European Union (27) 12064 179 4 -19 20 European Union (27) 14112 157 6 -11 6Japan 1150 17 -1 -24 34 Japan 1358 15 -7 -18 11

Above 3 49941 741 - - - Above 3 67373 749 - - -Russian Federation c

World 44466 1000 12 -19 8 World 71629 1000 14 -20 21European Union (27) 16785 377 11 -22 5 European Union (27) 30923 432 13 -16 16United States 3727 84 11 -2 3 Turkey 4841 68 7 -34 13Ukraine 2202 50 15 -38 5 United States 3825 53 15 -3 4Switzerland 1821 41 11 -8 18 Ukraine 3439 48 11 -9 32Kazakhstan 1499 34 16 -15 8 Egypt 2994 42 25 13 47

Above 5 26034 585 - - - Above 5 46022 642 - - -Turkey 1220 27 6 -45 1 Switzerland 2167 30 17 -6 17British Virgin Islands 1179 27 19 -11 13 China 1362 19 7 -38 37China 992 22 9 -5 20 Belarus 1097 15 21 -20 43Uzbekistan 959 22 34 -26 -10 Panama 1058 15 -6 4Tajikistan 642 14 31 -36 2 Thailand 1000 14 -12 105Belarus 598 13 15 -21 37 United Arab Emirates 876 12 16 -12 32Korea Republic of 555 12 8 -10 3 Kazakhstan 719 10 7 -24 -7Azerbaijan 504 11 20 -14 22 Korea Republic of 674 09 21 21 8Panama 476 11 28 -12 7 Israel 636 09 10 2 7Japan 472 11 -2 -11 6 British Virgin Islands 622 09 31 -31 74

Above 15 33631 756 - - - Above 15 56234 785 - - -Australia

World 46944 1000 9 -9 16 World 50036 1000 11 -15 23European Union (27) 7727 165 4 -9 14 European Union (27) 11497 230 10 -11 28China 5358 114 18 5 28 United States 8625 172 12 -13 15United States 4431 94 6 -13 10 Singapore 3192 64 7 -34 19New Zealand 2989 64 4 -16 19 New Zealand 2450 49 10 -4 11India 2845 61 25 13 0 Japan 2001 40 8 -21 23

Above 5 23349 497 - - - Above 5 27766 555 - - -Singapore 2362 50 5 -29 4 Thailand 1782 36 21 0 2Japan 1894 40 -4 -20 20 Hong Kong China 1761 35 7 -18 24Korea Republic of 1749 37 11 -9 24 Indonesia 1645 33 21 18 49Hong Kong China 1542 33 5 -4 18 China 1497 30 10 -14 33Malaysia 1507 32 9 -1 19 Switzerland 1467 29 15 -28 49Indonesia 1094 23 12 8 23 Fiji 1051 21 14 -10 42Thailand 914 19 13 7 11 Malaysia 1029 21 12 -15 37Viet Nam 857 18 35 32 32 Canada 722 14 8 -19 14Switzerland 751 16 16 -1 23 Viet Nam 638 13 15 -16 36Canada 690 15 11 -11 17 India 593 12 19 -12 15

Above 15 36709 782 - - - Above 15 39951 798 - - -

b Financial intermediation services are not allocated geographically In 2010 they represented 1 per cent of exports and 1 per cent of importsc In 2010 trade in commercial services not allocated geographically accounted for 12 per cent of exports and 15 per cent of importsNote For more information on asymmetries see the Metadata

Trade in commercial services of selected economies by origin and destination 2010

Annual percentage change

Annual percentage change

Exports Imports

a ASEAN countries accounted for 7 per cent of total commercial services exports and 9 per cent of imports

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5 Regional trade agreements

Table I16

(Million dollars and percentage)

Destination Value Value Value

2011 2005 2011 2010 2011 2011 2005 2011 2010 2011 2011 2005 2011 2010 2011

Exports

CanadaAgricultural products 60 114 133 19 15 31 89 91 17 12 29 255 254 22 19Fuels and mining products 154 257 341 31 27 126 270 373 31 24 28 186 247 32 41Manufactures 204 572 451 19 10 164 586 487 20 10 40 496 346 14 9Total exports 452 1000 1000 23 17 337 1000 1000 22 15 115 1000 1000 23 23

MexicoAgricultural products 23 59 66 13 22 18 55 63 14 20 5 81 78 12 31Fuels and mining products 69 167 198 38 39 54 152 188 34 35 16 274 244 53 55Manufactures 247 770 707 30 11 206 788 720 29 9 41 642 647 33 24Total exports 350 1000 1000 30 17 286 1000 1000 29 14 64 1000 1000 35 31

United StatesAgricultural products 168 92 114 19 18 46 78 96 13 17 122 100 122 22 18Fuels and mining products 185 56 125 45 44 58 67 121 53 47 127 50 127 42 43Manufactures 1048 810 708 18 11 361 828 753 22 12 687 800 686 16 10Total exports 1480 1000 1000 21 16 479 1000 1000 24 16 1001 1000 1000 20 16

NAFTAAgricultural products 251 93 110 19 18 95 77 86 14 16 157 113 133 22 19Fuels and mining products 409 121 179 38 36 238 162 216 36 32 171 71 145 41 44Manufactures 1499 746 657 20 11 731 730 663 24 11 768 768 651 16 11Total exports 2282 1000 1000 23 16 1102 1000 1000 25 15 1180 1000 1000 21 17

Imports

CanadaAgricultural products 37 68 81 12 14 23 70 88 10 12 15 66 72 17 18Fuels and mining products 70 120 152 34 34 28 73 108 37 37 43 194 209 32 31Manufactures 334 789 722 21 11 199 835 769 23 11 135 715 663 17 12Total imports 463 1000 1000 22 15 259 1000 1000 23 13 204 1000 1000 21 17

MexicoAgricultural products 30 74 83 16 24 24 102 125 16 24 6 38 37 18 27Fuels and mining products 47 80 130 52 42 35 96 186 56 53 12 58 67 43 17Manufactures 276 835 765 27 12 128 799 675 26 12 148 882 865 28 12Total imports 361 1000 1000 28 16 190 1000 1000 28 20 171 1000 1000 29 13

United StatesAgricultural products 137 55 61 16 18 47 77 79 17 13 91 47 54 15 20Fuels and mining products 523 194 231 31 28 175 233 299 31 27 348 180 207 31 29Manufactures 1523 715 672 22 11 335 639 572 27 9 1188 743 707 21 12Total imports 2266 1000 1000 23 15 586 1000 1000 26 14 1680 1000 1000 22 15

NAFTAAgricultural products 205 59 66 15 18 93 79 90 15 15 111 48 54 15 20Fuels and mining products 640 172 207 33 30 238 170 230 35 31 402 173 196 31 29Manufactures 2133 738 691 22 11 662 714 640 25 10 1471 750 716 21 12Total imports 3090 1000 1000 23 15 1034 1000 1000 25 15 2055 1000 1000 22 15

NAFTA Other origindestination

Annual percentage

change

Merchandise trade of NAFTA countries by major product group and by origindestination 2011

Annual percentage

change Share Share Share

Annual percentage

change

World

38 World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Table I17

(Million dollars and percentage)

Destination Value Value Value

2011 2005 2011 2010 2011 2011 2005 2011 2010 2011 2011 2005 2011 2010 2011

Exports Argentina

Agricultural products 45 475 539 23 31 5 234 238 25 34 40 532 638 23 30Fuels and mining products 8 195 97 7 -1 2 181 117 -5 23 6 198 91 1 0Manufactures 26 304 314 23 20 13 585 645 30 16 13 238 206 16 25Total exports 84 1000 1000 22 23 21 1000 1000 24 21 63 1000 1000 22 24

BrazilAgricultural products 86 296 338 19 26 2 57 54 26 19 85 322 372 19 26Fuels and mining products 78 160 304 72 38 4 77 142 8 59 74 169 324 143 0Manufactures 84 521 328 22 18 22 865 803 50 19 62 483 270 15 18Total exports 256 1000 1000 32 27 28 1000 1000 43 23 228 1000 1000 31 27

ParaguayAgricultural products 5 846 875 43 20 2 841 843 44 27 2 852 908 42 15Fuels and mining products 0 14 17 103 141 0 21 18 68 149 0 05 15 525 0Manufactures 1 138 107 42 22 0 138 139 39 30 0 138 74 48 10Total exports 6 1000 1000 43 22 3 1000 1000 43 28 3 1000 1000 43 15

UruguayAgricultural products 6 634 722 22 18 1 348 406 24 5 5 719 860 22 21Fuels and mining products 0 53 10 131 -59 0 41 27 405 -63 0 56 03 -67 0Manufactures 2 296 256 24 28 1 612 567 37 32 1 202 121 5 20Total exports 8 1000 1000 24 18 2 1000 1000 39 12 6 1000 1000 18 21

MERCOSURAgricultural products 142 353 403 21 27 10 166 182 29 26 132 380 442 21 27Fuels and mining products 86 165 244 60 33 6 111 121 5 39 80 173 266 121 0Manufactures 113 459 320 23 19 37 723 697 42 18 76 420 252 15 19Total exports 353 1000 1000 29 26 54 1000 1000 35 22 300 1000 1000 29 26

ImportsArgentina

Agricultural products 3 43 35 9 21 1 55 42 -14 17 2 36 31 31 23Fuels and mining products 12 84 156 75 92 3 101 110 69 35 9 73 176 288 0Manufactures 59 863 794 44 23 19 844 848 49 21 39 877 770 42 24Total imports 74 1000 1000 46 31 23 1000 1000 46 22 51 1000 1000 46 35

BrazilAgricultural products 14 59 60 33 25 6 284 286 21 22 8 35 38 44 26Fuels and mining products 52 222 220 63 36 2 162 97 14 18 50 228 231 127 0Manufactures 171 719 720 40 20 13 553 616 41 10 158 737 730 39 21Total imports 237 1000 1000 43 24 21 1000 1000 32 14 216 1000 1000 45 25

ParaguayAgricultural products 1 94 80 31 22 1 155 135 25 17 0 44 40 56 38Fuels and mining products 2 155 140 19 37 1 207 214 52 27 1 111 86 28 0Manufactures 10 751 779 51 20 3 637 650 52 26 6 845 872 51 18Total imports 12 1000 1000 45 23 5 1000 1000 47 25 7 1000 1000 43 21

UruguayAgricultural products 1 112 132 23 37 1 180 230 12 45 0 63 70 49 23Fuels and mining products 2 259 215 0 33 1 105 164 -74 236 2 370 248 68 0Manufactures 7 629 652 34 21 3 716 606 27 13 4 567 681 39 26Total imports 11 1000 1000 25 24 4 1000 1000 -1 34 7 1000 1000 46 19

MERCOSURAgricultural products 19 58 57 28 25 9 148 162 15 23 11 36 38 42 26Fuels and mining products 68 186 202 59 43 6 130 120 18 36 61 200 218 137 0Manufactures 246 754 736 41 21 38 722 718 45 17 207 761 740 40 22Total imports 334 1000 1000 43 25 53 1000 1000 36 20 280 1000 1000 45 26

MERCOSUR Other origindestination

Annual percentage

change

Merchandise trade of MERCOSUR countries by major product group and by origindestination 2011

Annual percentage

change Share Share Share

Annual percentage

change

World

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Table I18

(Million dollars and percentage)

Destination Value Value Value

2011 2005 2011 2010 2011 2011 2005 2011 2010 2011 2011 2005 2011 2010 2011

Exports Bolivia Plurinational State of

Agricultural products 1 220 132 -1 10 0 799 595 -5 6 1 148 88 3 13Fuels and mining products 7 642 801 36 39 0 104 364 103 49 6 709 842 35 38Manufactures 0 109 39 41 -18 0 94 41 12 10 0 111 38 44 -21Total exports 8 1000 1000 28 32 1 1000 1000 13 18 8 1000 1000 30 34

ColombiaAgricultural products 7 217 124 -3 23 0 93 100 22 23 7 231 125 -4 23Fuels and mining products 37 406 652 42 60 0 254 143 173 -9 37 422 685 41 62Manufactures 10 347 174 -3 14 3 653 756 31 17 7 314 137 -11 13Total exports 57 1000 1000 21 43 3 1000 1000 43 13 54 1000 1000 20 46

EcuadorAgricultural products 7 318 334 7 25 0 143 166 2 47 7 345 358 7 24Fuels and mining products 13 586 585 39 33 1 567 530 48 33 12 588 592 38 33Manufactures 2 71 75 40 0 1 290 302 26 16 1 38 43 55 -12Total exports 22 1000 1000 26 28 3 1000 1000 32 29 20 1000 1000 25 27

PeruAgricultural products 8 182 170 22 33 0 165 199 17 38 7 183 169 22 32Fuels and mining products 23 486 495 49 29 1 372 276 50 -1 22 491 507 49 31Manufactures 5 141 106 17 28 1 464 526 23 21 4 125 84 15 31Total exports 46 1000 1000 32 30 2 1000 1000 29 17 44 1000 1000 32 31

Andean CommunityAgricultural products 23 225 175 7 26 2 168 183 6 27 22 231 175 7 26Fuels and mining products 80 481 596 43 44 3 358 309 69 16 77 493 617 42 45Manufactures 17 210 126 6 15 5 474 507 28 18 12 185 97 0 14Total exports 134 1000 1000 26 35 9 1000 1000 34 19 125 1000 1000 26 36

Imports Bolivia Plurinational State of

Agricultural products 1 116 89 7 49 0 158 186 19 101 1 112 80 5 41Fuels and mining products 1 111 147 38 62 0 45 50 63 7 1 118 157 37 65Manufactures 6 762 761 23 39 1 793 763 18 25 5 759 760 23 41Total imports 8 1000 1000 18 42 1 1000 1000 20 33 7 1000 1000 18 43

ColombiaAgricultural products 6 104 105 19 27 1 298 212 1 13 5 90 97 23 30Fuels and mining products 5 52 88 59 66 0 129 105 52 26 4 47 87 60 70Manufactures 44 832 796 22 33 2 572 683 31 39 41 851 804 21 33Total imports 55 1000 1000 24 34 4 1000 1000 24 31 51 1000 1000 24 35

EcuadorAgricultural products 2 87 98 21 23 1 96 178 31 25 2 86 86 19 23Fuels and mining products 6 123 236 62 24 0 248 145 69 -21 5 98 249 61 31Manufactures 16 723 663 32 15 2 655 676 34 6 14 737 661 31 17Total imports 24 1000 1000 36 18 3 1000 1000 39 4 21 1000 1000 36 20

PeruAgricultural products 4 132 118 33 25 0 129 137 16 9 4 133 116 36 27Fuels and mining products 6 207 167 40 37 2 579 544 45 27 4 145 127 38 42Manufactures 27 660 707 38 24 1 291 318 35 9 26 722 748 38 24Total imports 38 1000 1000 38 26 4 1000 1000 36 18 34 1000 1000 38 27

Andean CommunityAgricultural products 13 108 106 23 27 2 166 176 13 19 11 101 100 25 28Fuels and mining products 18 113 145 51 40 3 321 257 51 15 15 87 134 51 46Manufactures 92 758 741 28 27 6 513 566 32 19 86 789 758 28 28Total imports 125 1000 1000 30 29 11 1000 1000 32 18 114 1000 1000 30 30

Andean Community Other origindestination

Annual percentage

change

Merchandise trade of Andean Community countries by major product group and by origindestination 2011

Annual percentage

change Share Share Share

Annual percentage

change

World

40 World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Table I19

(Million dollars and percentage)

Destination Value a

Value Value

2011 2005 2011 2010 2011 2011 2005 2011 2010 2011 2011 2005 2011 2010 2011

Exports Indonesia

Agricultural products 47 167 237 39 32 8 126 186 44 23 40 176 250 38 34Fuels and mining products 84 361 416 39 34 17 245 414 37 39 66 388 417 40 33Manufactures 67 469 336 22 15 16 621 382 26 9 52 435 324 21 17Total exports 201 1000 1000 32 27 42 1000 1000 32 24 159 1000 1000 32 28

MalaysiaAgricultural products 39 95 171 38 35 7 69 122 36 33 32 104 187 39 35Fuels and mining products 46 146 202 38 30 12 195 216 22 17 34 129 197 46 35Manufactures 141 749 620 22 6 37 721 655 24 6 104 759 609 21 6Total exports 227 1000 1000 26 14 56 1000 1000 25 11 171 1000 1000 27 15

PhilippinesAgricultural products 5 66 112 30 31 1 55 88 28 39 5 68 117 30 30Fuels and mining products 4 41 85 43 28 1 65 148 47 41 3 36 71 42 22Manufactures 39 890 798 34 -12 7 879 764 111 -35 32 893 805 20 -5Total exports 48 1000 1000 34 -6 9 1000 1000 98 -25 40 1000 1000 23 -1

SingaporeAgricultural products 10 19 25 26 30 4 25 33 24 36 6 17 21 28 25Fuels and mining products 86 130 211 37 42 42 175 324 48 51 45 109 159 29 35Manufactures 283 805 692 28 11 80 783 621 23 11 203 815 724 31 11Total exports 410 1000 1000 30 16 129 1000 1000 30 21 280 1000 1000 30 14

ThailandAgricultural products 48 160 208 26 35 9 126 164 41 29 39 170 222 22 37Fuels and mining products 16 55 70 29 33 9 133 175 47 37 7 34 38 10 26Manufactures 159 760 696 29 13 36 724 659 33 18 123 770 708 28 11Total exports 229 1000 1000 28 17 54 1000 1000 36 22 175 1000 1000 26 16

ASEANAgricultural products 177 95 142 32 33 33 69 105 37 27 144 104 155 31 35Fuels and mining products 267 161 215 34 36 95 200 300 35 38 172 148 186 34 35Manufactures 758 721 610 28 11 183 717 582 29 10 575 722 620 27 11Total exports 1242 1000 1000 29 18 315 1000 1000 32 18 928 1000 1000 28 18

ImportsIndonesia

Agricultural products 22 88 126 42 43 4 45 87 63 83 18 108 142 39 36Fuels and mining products 47 257 266 50 46 22 388 434 61 41 25 195 197 41 51Manufactures 106 654 597 40 23 24 566 478 33 18 81 697 645 42 25Total imports 177 1000 1000 44 31 51 1000 1000 45 31 126 1000 1000 44 30

MalaysiaAgricultural products 21 63 113 30 32 9 86 173 37 33 12 55 90 26 31Fuels and mining products 33 117 174 60 31 15 204 282 48 37 18 87 133 70 27Manufactures 130 788 692 30 8 28 688 529 44 4 102 822 755 26 9Total imports 188 1000 1000 33 14 52 1000 1000 44 16 136 1000 1000 29 13

PhilippinesAgricultural products 7 78 110 22 3 2 125 132 49 -28 5 67 104 8 24Fuels and mining products 15 156 233 31 22 3 215 207 58 -24 12 142 241 20 46Manufactures 42 764 657 27 7 10 654 660 33 4 32 789 656 25 8Total imports 64 1000 1000 27 9 15 1000 1000 41 -8 49 1000 1000 23 16

SingaporeAgricultural products 14 32 38 24 26 5 49 70 24 26 8 26 29 24 27Fuels and mining products 126 192 344 34 47 26 160 336 17 59 100 204 347 39 44Manufactures 220 761 601 24 9 45 781 581 31 -5 174 754 606 22 13Total imports 366 1000 1000 26 18 78 1000 1000 26 5 288 1000 1000 26 22

ThailandAgricultural products 15 60 66 28 27 3 64 67 24 30 13 59 66 29 26Fuels and mining products 54 216 236 33 34 12 284 297 13 31 42 200 223 40 35Manufactures 143 695 624 36 17 25 612 629 25 15 118 715 623 38 17Total imports 228 1000 1000 37 25 39 1000 1000 22 20 189 1000 1000 41 26

ASEANAgricultural products 95 60 83 30 30 29 71 109 35 30 66 56 75 29 30Fuels and mining products 292 186 253 37 40 86 239 322 31 39 206 168 233 39 40Manufactures 734 736 637 29 14 150 675 560 31 7 584 756 660 28 16Total imports 1152 1000 1000 31 21 267 1000 1000 31 16 885 1000 1000 31 23

ASEAN Other origindestination

Annual percentage

change

Merchandise trade of ASEAN countries by major product group and by origindestination 2011

Annual percentage

change Share Share Share

Annual percentage

change

World

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6 Least-developed countries

Table I20

(Million dollars and percentage)

2010 2005 2010 2005 2010 2005 2010

LDCs 609400 31 30 28 27 3 3Afghanistan 17243 hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellipAngola 82471 86 62 85 61 1 1Bangladesh 100357 16 20 15 19 1 1Benin 6558 18 25 13 20 4 5Bhutan 1516 31 40 26 36 5 4Burkina Faso 8825 10 21 9 18 1 3Burundi 2027 6 5 5 5 1 0Cambodia 11242 63 61 46 46 17 15Central African Republic 1985 11 hellip 9 7 1 hellipChad 8541 59 hellip 58 41 1 hellipComoros 541 14 14 4 4 10 10Congo Dem Rep of 13110 35 67 33 65 1 2Djibouti 1129 19 21 6 8 13 13Equatorial Guinea 14500 86 hellip 86 73 0 hellipEritrea 2117 hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellipEthiopia 29684 14 15 7 8 6 7Gambia 1050 29 24 16 16 13 8Guinea 4736 30 32 29 31 1 1Guinea-Bissau 835 16 20 16 15 1 5Haiti 6635 13 11 11 8 2 3Kiribati 151 14 hellip 5 3 9 hellipLao Peoples Dem Rep 7181 27 31 20 24 7 7Lesotho 2179 49 41 46 39 2 2Liberia 988 39 28 24 24 15 4Madagascar 8721 25 24 17 12 8 11Malawi 5054 23 28 20 25 4 3Mali 9422 26 26 21 22 5 4Mauritania 3614 31 60 29 58 3 2Mozambique 9209 31 32 27 25 5 6Myanmar 45380 33 18 31 17 2 1Nepal 16014 14 9 11 6 3 4Niger 5411 17 24 14 21 2 2Rwanda 5624 8 10 5 5 3 4Samoa 595 30 33 3 6 27 27Sao Tome and Principe 201 14 12 6 6 8 6Senegal 12855 26 24 18 17 8 7Sierra Leone 1910 21 22 15 19 6 3Solomon Islands 679 34 49 25 33 9 15Somalia hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellipSudan 66997 18 17 18 17 0 0Tanzania 22915 21 28 12 19 9 9Timor-Leste 875 hellip 5 hellip 2 hellip 3Togo 3176 37 40 30 31 7 9Tuvalu 31 hellip hellip hellip hellip 8 hellipUganda 17197 16 19 11 13 5 6Vanuatu 689 44 47 10 7 34 39Yemen 31043 40 29 38 25 2 5Zambia 16193 34 48 31 46 3 2

Memorandum item

World 63134700 28 30 23 24 5 6Note Trade in goods is derived from balance of payments statistics and does not correspond to the merchandise trade statistics given elsewhere in this report See the Metadata

Ratio of exports of goods and commercial services to GDP of the least-developed countries 2010

Commercial services

Value Ratio to GDP

Goods and commercial servicesGDP Goods

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Value Value

2011 2005-11 2009 2010 2011 2011 2005-11 2009 2010 2011

LDCs 202559 20 -24 27 25 205856 19 -5 10 22Oil Exporters aAngola 65500 22 -36 24 29 22000 21 8 -26 32Equatorial Guinea 13300 13 -40 9 34 6000 36 33 10 5Yemen 11600 16 -17 34 38 8500 10 -13 0 -8Sudan 9694 15 -29 38 -15 9231 6 4 4 -8Myanmar 9330 20 -3 30 7 8000 33 2 9 66Chad 4600 8 -33 25 31 2400 20 0 5 14Bhutan 650 20 -5 29 1 950 20 -3 61 11Exporters of manufacturesBangladesh 24436 21 -2 27 27 36188 21 -8 27 30Cambodia 6950 18 -11 23 35 9300 19 -10 16 37Madagascar 1590 13 -20 2 48 2850 11 -15 -21 13Lesotho 1100 11 -17 20 25 2600 13 3 24 13Nepal 919 1 -12 4 7 5774 20 22 17 12Haiti 770 10 20 0 33 2900 15 -8 48 -8Samoa 54 -9 -36 29 -9 346 8 -20 34 12Exporters of agricultureEthiopia 2615 24 1 44 12 8896 17 -7 12 3Uganda 2200 22 -9 3 36 5360 21 -6 10 15Burkina Faso 2000 34 30 43 55 2600 16 -7 10 27Benin 1800 25 -4 13 29 2700 22 -10 5 25Malawi 1427 23 35 -10 34 2426 16 -8 7 12Togo 1100 11 -6 0 38 1700 10 0 -1 13Rwanda 464 30 -13 27 56 1776 33 11 9 24Somalia 450 12 0 7 0 1100 12 -16 12 31Solomon Islands 413 32 -21 36 85 467 20 -9 43 15Liberia 358 22 -39 49 61 1044 28 -32 29 47Afghanistan 350 -2 -25 -4 -10 6300 21 10 54 22Guinea-Bissau 230 21 -5 -1 92 300 23 16 -4 36Central African Republic 160 5 -20 17 14 380 17 -10 11 27Burundi 125 17 17 50 23 752 23 0 26 48Gambia 95 64 383 -47 171 344 6 -6 -6 21Vanuatu 64 11 0 -15 31 288 14 -6 -4 2Comoros 25 16 129 38 22 277 23 17 11 19Kiribati 20 36 40 -29 33 110 8 -8 8 50Sao Tome and Principe 11 10 -24 36 0 125 20 -9 9 11Exporters of non-fuel mineralsZambia 9015 38 -15 67 25 7178 23 -24 39 35Congo Dem Rep of 6600 22 -20 51 25 5500 15 -9 15 22Tanzania 5098 25 -4 45 18 10724 27 -17 22 37Mozambique 3600 15 -30 57 24 6300 21 -6 22 37Mauritania 2769 35 -24 52 34 2464 12 -23 29 27Lao Peoples Dem Rep 2400 34 -4 66 37 2700 25 4 41 31Mali 2391 17 -15 13 20 3250 16 -26 15 14Guinea 1630 14 -22 40 11 2106 21 -22 33 50Niger 1250 21 10 4 20 2400 21 30 5 4Eritrea 400 104 0 9 hellip 900 13 -2 17 30Sierra Leone 350 17 7 48 2 1708 38 -3 48 122OthersSenegal 2542 10 -7 7 18 5909 11 -28 1 24Djibouti 95 19 13 10 12 410 8 -21 -19 13Tuvalu 0 37 50 0 0 25 14 -47 14 56Timor-Leste 20 20 -35 96 20 300 22 10 1 1Memorandum item World b 18255000 12 -22 22 20 18438000 11 -23 21 19

b Includes significant re-exports or imports for re-export

Table I21

Note Data for 2011 are largely estimated

Annual percentage change Annual percentage change

Merchandise exports and imports of least-developed countries 2011

(Million dollars and percentage)

Exports Imports

a Bhutan is included for its exports of electric current

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Value Value

2011 2005-11 2009 2010 2011 2011 2005-11 2009 2010 2011

LDCs 202559 20 -24 27 25 205856 19 -5 10 22Oil Exporters aAngola 65500 22 -36 24 29 22000 21 8 -26 32Equatorial Guinea 13300 13 -40 9 34 6000 36 33 10 5Yemen 11600 16 -17 34 38 8500 10 -13 0 -8Sudan 9694 15 -29 38 -15 9231 6 4 4 -8Myanmar 9330 20 -3 30 7 8000 33 2 9 66Chad 4600 8 -33 25 31 2400 20 0 5 14Bhutan 650 20 -5 29 1 950 20 -3 61 11Exporters of manufacturesBangladesh 24436 21 -2 27 27 36188 21 -8 27 30Cambodia 6950 18 -11 23 35 9300 19 -10 16 37Madagascar 1590 13 -20 2 48 2850 11 -15 -21 13Lesotho 1100 11 -17 20 25 2600 13 3 24 13Nepal 919 1 -12 4 7 5774 20 22 17 12Haiti 770 10 20 0 33 2900 15 -8 48 -8Samoa 54 -9 -36 29 -9 346 8 -20 34 12Exporters of agricultureEthiopia 2615 24 1 44 12 8896 17 -7 12 3Uganda 2200 22 -9 3 36 5360 21 -6 10 15Burkina Faso 2000 34 30 43 55 2600 16 -7 10 27Benin 1800 25 -4 13 29 2700 22 -10 5 25Malawi 1427 23 35 -10 34 2426 16 -8 7 12Togo 1100 11 -6 0 38 1700 10 0 -1 13Rwanda 464 30 -13 27 56 1776 33 11 9 24Somalia 450 12 0 7 0 1100 12 -16 12 31Solomon Islands 413 32 -21 36 85 467 20 -9 43 15Liberia 358 22 -39 49 61 1044 28 -32 29 47Afghanistan 350 -2 -25 -4 -10 6300 21 10 54 22Guinea-Bissau 230 21 -5 -1 92 300 23 16 -4 36Central African Republic 160 5 -20 17 14 380 17 -10 11 27Burundi 125 17 17 50 23 752 23 0 26 48Gambia 95 64 383 -47 171 344 6 -6 -6 21Vanuatu 64 11 0 -15 31 288 14 -6 -4 2Comoros 25 16 129 38 22 277 23 17 11 19Kiribati 20 36 40 -29 33 110 8 -8 8 50Sao Tome and Principe 11 10 -24 36 0 125 20 -9 9 11Exporters of non-fuel mineralsZambia 9015 38 -15 67 25 7178 23 -24 39 35Congo Dem Rep of 6600 22 -20 51 25 5500 15 -9 15 22Tanzania 5098 25 -4 45 18 10724 27 -17 22 37Mozambique 3600 15 -30 57 24 6300 21 -6 22 37Mauritania 2769 35 -24 52 34 2464 12 -23 29 27Lao Peoples Dem Rep 2400 34 -4 66 37 2700 25 4 41 31Mali 2391 17 -15 13 20 3250 16 -26 15 14Guinea 1630 14 -22 40 11 2106 21 -22 33 50Niger 1250 21 10 4 20 2400 21 30 5 4Eritrea 400 104 0 9 hellip 900 13 -2 17 30Sierra Leone 350 17 7 48 2 1708 38 -3 48 122OthersSenegal 2542 10 -7 7 18 5909 11 -28 1 24Djibouti 95 19 13 10 12 410 8 -21 -19 13Tuvalu 0 37 50 0 0 25 14 -47 14 56Timor-Leste 20 20 -35 96 20 300 22 10 1 1Memorandum item World b 18255000 12 -22 22 20 18438000 11 -23 21 19

b Includes significant re-exports or imports for re-export

Table I21

Note Data for 2011 are largely estimated

Annual percentage change Annual percentage change

Merchandise exports and imports of least-developed countries 2011

(Million dollars and percentage)

Exports Imports

a Bhutan is included for its exports of electric current

Value Value

2011 2005-11 2009 2010 2011 2011 2005-11 2009 2010 2011

LDCs 202559 20 -24 27 25 205856 19 -5 10 22Oil Exporters aAngola 65500 22 -36 24 29 22000 21 8 -26 32Equatorial Guinea 13300 13 -40 9 34 6000 36 33 10 5Yemen 11600 16 -17 34 38 8500 10 -13 0 -8Sudan 9694 15 -29 38 -15 9231 6 4 4 -8Myanmar 9330 20 -3 30 7 8000 33 2 9 66Chad 4600 8 -33 25 31 2400 20 0 5 14Bhutan 650 20 -5 29 1 950 20 -3 61 11Exporters of manufacturesBangladesh 24436 21 -2 27 27 36188 21 -8 27 30Cambodia 6950 18 -11 23 35 9300 19 -10 16 37Madagascar 1590 13 -20 2 48 2850 11 -15 -21 13Lesotho 1100 11 -17 20 25 2600 13 3 24 13Nepal 919 1 -12 4 7 5774 20 22 17 12Haiti 770 10 20 0 33 2900 15 -8 48 -8Samoa 54 -9 -36 29 -9 346 8 -20 34 12Exporters of agricultureEthiopia 2615 24 1 44 12 8896 17 -7 12 3Uganda 2200 22 -9 3 36 5360 21 -6 10 15Burkina Faso 2000 34 30 43 55 2600 16 -7 10 27Benin 1800 25 -4 13 29 2700 22 -10 5 25Malawi 1427 23 35 -10 34 2426 16 -8 7 12Togo 1100 11 -6 0 38 1700 10 0 -1 13Rwanda 464 30 -13 27 56 1776 33 11 9 24Somalia 450 12 0 7 0 1100 12 -16 12 31Solomon Islands 413 32 -21 36 85 467 20 -9 43 15Liberia 358 22 -39 49 61 1044 28 -32 29 47Afghanistan 350 -2 -25 -4 -10 6300 21 10 54 22Guinea-Bissau 230 21 -5 -1 92 300 23 16 -4 36Central African Republic 160 5 -20 17 14 380 17 -10 11 27Burundi 125 17 17 50 23 752 23 0 26 48Gambia 95 64 383 -47 171 344 6 -6 -6 21Vanuatu 64 11 0 -15 31 288 14 -6 -4 2Comoros 25 16 129 38 22 277 23 17 11 19Kiribati 20 36 40 -29 33 110 8 -8 8 50Sao Tome and Principe 11 10 -24 36 0 125 20 -9 9 11Exporters of non-fuel mineralsZambia 9015 38 -15 67 25 7178 23 -24 39 35Congo Dem Rep of 6600 22 -20 51 25 5500 15 -9 15 22Tanzania 5098 25 -4 45 18 10724 27 -17 22 37Mozambique 3600 15 -30 57 24 6300 21 -6 22 37Mauritania 2769 35 -24 52 34 2464 12 -23 29 27Lao Peoples Dem Rep 2400 34 -4 66 37 2700 25 4 41 31Mali 2391 17 -15 13 20 3250 16 -26 15 14Guinea 1630 14 -22 40 11 2106 21 -22 33 50Niger 1250 21 10 4 20 2400 21 30 5 4Eritrea 400 104 0 9 hellip 900 13 -2 17 30Sierra Leone 350 17 7 48 2 1708 38 -3 48 122OthersSenegal 2542 10 -7 7 18 5909 11 -28 1 24Djibouti 95 19 13 10 12 410 8 -21 -19 13Tuvalu 0 37 50 0 0 25 14 -47 14 56Timor-Leste 20 20 -35 96 20 300 22 10 1 1Memorandum item World b 18255000 12 -22 22 20 18438000 11 -23 21 19

b Includes significant re-exports or imports for re-export

Table I21

Note Data for 2011 are largely estimated

Annual percentage change Annual percentage change

Merchandise exports and imports of least-developed countries 2011

(Million dollars and percentage)

Exports Imports

a Bhutan is included for its exports of electric current

Table I21 (continued)

44 World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Table I22

(Million dollars and percentage)

Value Value Value

2011 2010 2011 2011 2010 2011 2011 2010 2011

A Agricultural products

Total LDCs 5761 5 33 Total LDCs 9577 24 32 Total LDCs 878 17 10Ethiopia 814 27 42 Myanmar 2500 10 8 Liberia 196 52 22Uganda 600 -3 23 Tanzania 621 24 15 Ethiopia 143 13 16Tanzania 492 -4 26 Bangladesh 594 40 50 Bangladesh 107 5 -22Senegal 463 9 46 Solomon Islands 464 52 28 Malawi 61 7 -16Bangladesh 447 18 21 Madagascar 456 3 385 Tanzania 48 -30 56Togo 403 -19 44 Lao Peoples Dem Rep 453 43 75 Togo 43 18 269Malawi 320 -4 4 Benin 416 2 94 Uganda 43 43 1Madagascar 317 8 4 Burkina Faso 373 28 48 Madagascar 39 -5 -9Mozambique 312 4 55 Mozambique 363 53 20 Haiti 32 -21 43Mauritania 178 -28 61 Ethiopia 352 42 -2 Rwanda 32 35 56Zambia 169 -4 49 Cambodia 308 95 55 Sudan 27 4 12Others (38) 1247 19 40 Others (38) 2676 25 37 Others (38) 109 53 -3

B Fuels and mining products

Total LDCs 19802 10 67 Total LDCs 70073 44 21 Total LDCs 23021 20 17Angola 8964 -25 80 Angola 30970 54 11 Angola 16200 26 18Equatorial Guinea 5448 51 85 Sudan 12258 25 42 Chad 3239 3 54Mozambique 1485 115 -7 Yemen 7413 65 14 Equatorial Guinea 1722 0 -39Mauritania 905 63 54 Myanmar 3467 4 18 Yemen 644 hellip 190Yemen 545 hellip 193 Zambia 3461 72 10 Congo 599 62 14Congo 526 88 58 Equatorial Guinea 3404 -34 94 Niger 289 -76 hellipGuinea 482 8 -3 Congo 3246 100 26 Guinea 167 1 10Zambia 352 -43 393 Lao Peoples Dem Rep 1578 71 44 Madagascar 56 110 58Others (41) 1096 83 72 Others (41) 4276 60 23 Others (41) 106 50 -34

C Manufactures

Total LDCs 16445 2 38 Total LDCs 5735 23 68 Total LDCs 11564 17 18Bangladesh 11477 7 38 Bangladesh 1806 41 61 Bangladesh 6222 17 16Cambodia 1704 6 52 Myanmar 1659 31 150 Cambodia 3392 22 22Madagascar 427 -5 31 Cambodia 591 79 37 Haiti 758 3 32Niger 393 -15 52 Nepal 407 30 0 Lesotho 408 3 24Lesotho 339 31 84 Senegal 332 -26 110 Angola 169 173 26Angola 268 -53 152 Bhutan 167 33 8 Malawi 137 463 72Equatorial Guinea 215 -75 hellip Angola 118 -83 218 Equatorial Guinea 129 85 -13Congo 203 -7 42 Lao Peoples Dem Rep 111 48 30 Nepal 95 12 22Lao Peoples Dem Rep 200 10 19 Ethiopia 70 63 113 Madagascar 61 -65 -28Myanmar 193 -3 5 Tanzania 61 28 58 Lao Peoples Dem Rep 59 39 -14Ethiopia 147 -8 105 Yemen 54 105 62 Tanzania 16 62 2Liberia 130 -69 -40 Madagascar 49 4 81 Sierra Leone 16 25 79Vanuatu 129 hellip -49 Samoa 33 14 -21 Ethiopia 13 -10 35Others (36) 618 10 29 Others (36) 277 -2 61 Others (36) 88 48 -16

a Australia China Hong Kong China India Indonesia Japan Korea Republic of Malaysia New Zealand Pakistan Philippines Singapore Taipei Chinese and Thailand

Annual percentage

change

Annual percentage

change

Annual percentage

change

Imports of agricultural products fuels and manufactures of the European Union (27) Asia and North America from the least-developed countries 2011

European Union (27) Asia a North America

45World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Table I23

(Million dollars and percentage)

2010 2005 2010 2005 2010 2005 2010

Least developed countries 18700 228 215 528 524 244 261Afghanistan hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellipAngola 857 102 50 499 839 399 111Bangladesh 1209 238 144 148 67 614 789Benin 348 183 291 577 429 240 280Bhutan 67 hellip 353 hellip 600 hellip 47Burkina Faso 267 21 163 712 270 267 567Burundi 7 256 102 222 242 522 656Cambodia 1671 119 135 789 754 91 111Central African Republic hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellipChad hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellipComoros 56 121 70 610 630 270 300Congo Dem Rep of 291 120 305 33 37 847 658Djibouti 149 791 772 75 121 134 107Equatorial Guinea hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellipEritrea hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellipEthiopia 1991 590 591 213 262 197 147Gambia 88 194 417 708 358 99 225Guinea 61 344 63 hellip 34 656 903Guinea-Bissau 42 106 00 349 315 545 685Haiti 183 hellip hellip 896 910 104 90Kiribati hellip 411 hellip 318 hellip 271 hellipLao Peoples Dem Rep 489 177 105 754 781 69 115Lesotho 44 25 16 848 788 127 196Liberia 40 136 557 829 311 35 131Madagascar 980 282 303 437 313 282 384Malawi 137 287 hellip 654 hellip 59 hellipMali 356 138 20 585 575 276 404Mauritania 86 hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellipMozambique 576 283 282 411 342 306 375Myanmar 331 504 448 285 217 211 335Nepal 584 120 68 484 590 396 342Niger 126 101 66 512 838 387 96Rwanda 243 361 109 586 829 53 62Samoa 158 42 46 697 776 261 178Sao Tome and Principe 12 16 16 812 812 172 172Senegal 939 184 49 351 482 465 469Sierra Leone 60 149 403 819 431 32 166Solomon Islands 104 218 350 42 518 739 132Somalia hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellipSudan 224 34 21 887 421 79 558Tanzania 2047 183 218 678 613 139 170Timor-Leste 28 hellip 28 hellip 761 hellip 211Togo 289 550 451 140 227 310 322Tuvalu hellip 125 hellip 572 hellip 303 hellipUganda 1047 23 51 778 749 200 200Vanuatu 271 190 115 634 801 176 84Yemen 1460 161 131 633 795 206 74Zambia 311 414 489 475 401 111 111

Memorandum itemWorld 3764900 23 21 28 25 50 54

Note The improvement of the quality of data in recent years may have resulted in changes relating to the breakdown of exports of commercial services by category of services See the Metadata

Exports of commercial services of the least-developed countries by category 2010

Other commercial services

Value Share in commercial services

Commercial services Transportation services Travel

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7 Foreign affiliates statistics

(Billion dollars and percentage)

Value Annual percentage change

2006 2007 2008 2009 2005-2009 2007 2008 2009

Austria hellip 573 746 617 hellip hellip 30 -17

Belgium 635 hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip

Bulgaria hellip hellip hellip 66 hellip hellip hellip hellip

China hellip hellip 1340 hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip

Croatia a hellip hellip 47 hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip

Cyprus b hellip 05 07 09 hellip hellip 42 29

Czech Republic 306 429 551 479 14 40 29 -13

Denmark a hellip 359 415 363 hellip hellip 15 -12

Estonia 19 25 35 31 17 32 40 -12

Finland hellip 197 215 188 hellip hellip 9 -13

France hellip hellip 2500 2389 hellip hellip hellip -4

Germany hellip hellip 3317 2483 hellip hellip hellip -25

Hong Kong China c 1140 1420 1392 1419 12 25 -2 2

Hungary hellip 265 329 293 hellip hellip 24 -11

Ireland a hellip hellip 561 609 hellip hellip hellip 9

Israel d 79 85 112 109 16 8 31 -3

Italy a e 952 1142 1283 1148 10 20 12 -11

Japan f hellip hellip 190 161 hellip hellip hellip -15

Latvia 23 31 37 31 16 34 18 -15

Lithuania 29 hellip 43 33 10 hellip hellip -24

Luxembourg a hellip hellip hellip 83 hellip hellip hellip hellip

Malta a hellip hellip 10 hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip

Netherlands hellip 903 1073 950 hellip hellip 19 -11

Norway a 285 326 400 325 8 15 23 -19

Poland a hellip hellip 379 298 hellip hellip hellip -21

Portugal hellip 188 182 200 hellip hellip -3 10

Romania 90 148 219 203 hellip 65 47 -7

Slovak Republic 66 88 120 110 14 35 36 -8

Slovenia 15 21 hellip 26 hellip 39 hellip hellip

Spain hellip hellip 1177 1138 hellip hellip hellip -3

Sweden a g 529 656 707 527 3 24 8 -25

Thailand hellip 21 hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip

United Kingdom hellip hellip hellip 3682 hellip hellip hellip hellip

United States e hellip 8972 8746 7560 hellip hellip -3 -14

Memorandum item

European Union (27) a h hellip hellip hellip 13059 hellip hellip hellip hellip

Extra-EU (27) a h i j hellip hellip hellip 4754 hellip hellip hellip hellip

a Insurance activities and activities auxiliary to financial and insurance activities are not coveredb Up to 2008 hotels and restaurants activities are not coveredc Includes other incomed Output instead of sales e Fiscal year as reference period No estimation for non-response Real estate activities are not covered Also includes affiliates foreign controlled by more than 30 per centf Community social and personal services activities are included up to 2008g Community social and personal services activities are includedh Real estate activities are not coveredi Refers to the sales by foreign affiliates which are established in the EU (27) and controlled by non-EU (27) entities

Note Given the recent development of this statistical framework comparability and coverage of data may not always be complete See the Metadata Section II2

Table I24

Sales by affiliates of foreign companies - resident affiliates primarily engaged in services activities (inward FATS) 2005-2009

Excluding wholesale and retail trade as well as repair activities Some or all community social and personal services activities are also not covered For economies shown in italics data exclude all or a large part of financial intermediation activities Insurance activities andor activities auxiliary to financial and insurance activities are included unless otherwise specified Some growth rates for 2008 may be affected by the change of reporting of data in ISIC Revision 4 as compared to ISIC Revision 31 previously

j Administrative and support service activities are not included As a comparison for the European Union (27) aggregate as a whole the value of sales excluding administrative and support activities was 1070 billion dollars in 2009

47World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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(Billion dollars and percentage)

Value Annual percentage change

2006 2007 2008 2009 2006-2009 2007 2008 2009

Australia a hellip hellip hellip 195 hellip hellip hellip hellipAustria b hellip 309 375 346 hellip hellip 21 -8Belgium b hellip hellip hellip 265 hellip hellip hellip hellipCanada c 962 1171 1216 1210 10 22 4 -1Cyprus hellip 39 48 hellip hellip hellip 21 hellipCzech Republic d hellip 03 07 05 hellip hellip 121 -31Finland hellip 242 208 228 hellip hellip -14 10France hellip 3622 hellip 4011 hellip hellip hellip hellipGermany hellip 4827 5232 4887 hellip hellip 8 -7Greece e 29 39 47 41 4 32 21 -11Hungary f hellip 13 31 34 hellip hellip 135 7Israel b f 27 27 40 36 6 -2 48 -8Italy hellip 1591 1612 1890 hellip hellip 1 17Japan g hellip hellip 533 492 hellip hellip hellip -8 Korea Republic of f hellip hellip hellip 209 hellip hellip hellip hellipLatvia e 02 02 hellip 05 hellip -3 hellip hellipLithuania hellip hellip 01 02 hellip hellip hellip 12Luxembourg hellip hellip hellip 24 hellip hellip hellip hellipMalta h hellip 03 04 02 hellip hellip 22 -50Norway f hellip hellip hellip 319 hellip hellip hellip hellipPoland hellip hellip hellip 57 hellip hellip hellip hellipPortugal hellip hellip 663 hellip hellip hellip hellip hellipSlovak Republic f hellip 01 04 03 hellip hellip hellip -39Slovenia h hellip 25 hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellipSpain hellip hellip hellip 1548 hellip hellip hellip hellipSweden e hellip hellip 1215 928 hellip hellip hellip -24 United Kingdom hellip hellip hellip 5627 hellip hellip hellip hellipUnited States hellip hellip hellip 10887 hellip hellip hellip hellip

Memorandum itemExtra - EU (27) i hellip hellip hellip 14434 hellip hellip hellip hellip

Excluding wholesale and retail trade and repair activities Economies shown in italics exclude most or a large part of financial intermediation activitiesa Refers to fiscal year 2009 Financial and insurance affiliates onlyb Classified under services according to activity of parent companyc Branches are excludedd Only the first level of indirect ownership is coverede Only includes affiliates directly ownedf Part or all community social and personal services are not coveredg Fiscal year as reference period No estimation for non-response Real estate activities are not covered Also includes controlled affiliates by more than 10 per centh Includes wholesale and retail trade and repair activitiesi Refers to the sales of affiliates which are established outside the EU (27) and controlled by EU (27) entities

Table I25

Sales by foreign affiliates of resident companies - affiliates located abroad primarily engaged in services activities (outward FATS) 2005-2009

Note Given the recent development of this statistical framework comparability and coverage of data may not always be complete See the Metadata

48 World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Table I26

(Million dollars and percentage)

Value Share Value Share

2009 2009 2005-09 2008 2009 2009 2009 2005-09 2008 2009

World 1076439 1000 8 10 -4 World 659639 1000 4 3 -4European Union (27) 508480 472 hellip 8 -8 European Union (27) 373142 566 hellip 3 -3Canada 101424 94 6 9 -9 Japan 87125 132 0 5 -10Japan 65566 61 5 9 6 Canada 69958 106 6 4 2Switzerland 55928 52 9 17 -11 Switzerland 46116 70 10 -26 22Australia 38263 36 10 5 0 Bermuda 19445 29 hellip 16 -34

Above 5 769661 715 - - - Above 5 595786 903 - - -Singapore 34351 32 17 26 1 Australia 12613 19 24 14 6Mexico 30466 28 3 8 -5 India 7232 11 31 27 11Hong Kong China 29433 27 9 6 5 Korea Republic of 6800 10 27 86 -5Brazil 24708 23 6 4 13 Hong Kong China 3763 06 9 hellip hellipChina 23064 21 29 35 25 Mexico 3125 05 -2 29 -1Bermuda 16096 15 21 hellip hellip Israel 1948 03 8 2 2India 13083 12 27 34 34 Norway 1553 02 10 7 -16Korea Republic of 10169 09 8 8 -6 Brazil 972 01 5 hellip hellipTaipei Chinese 8922 08 1 16 -20 Venezuela Bolivarian Rep of 806 01 -15 hellip hellipArgentina 6283 06 10 28 2 China 624 01 16 103 2

Above 15 966236 896 - - - Above 15 635222 962 - - -Note This information refers to supply of services products to foreigners by United States owned affiliates and supply of services products to United States persons by affiliates foreign owned This differs from the FATS data presented for the United States in the tables I24 and I25 which refer to sales of foreign affiliates operating in the services sector For instance the latter include sales of goods of foreign affiliates whose primary activity is classified as a service industry but not the supply of services of those whose primary activity is classified as a manufacturing industry

Services supplied by United States affiliates established abroad (outward FATS) and by foreign affiliates in the United States(inward FATS) by economy of affiliate 2009

Annual percentage change

Annual percentage change

Supply of services abroad Supply of services in the United States

  • I World trade developments
    • Merchandise trade flows within regions outperform flows between regions
    • Moderate recovery for merchandise exports in 2011
    • US remains the leading merchandise trader
    • World exports of commercial services up by 11 in 2011
    • US remains the leading commercial services trader
    • US service supply through affiliates to emerging economies on the rise
    • List of tables I World trade developments
      • 1 Overview
      • 2 Trade by region
      • 3 Leading traders
      • 4 Bilateral trade of leading traders
      • 5 Regional trade agreements
      • 6 Least-developed countries
      • 7 Foreign affiliates statistics
US services supply through majority-owned foreign affiliates (FATS) and cross-border (BOP) to emerging economies
(Billion dollars)
2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
China (BOP) 7 8 10 13 15 16
China (FATS) 7 8 10 14 18 23
India (BOP) 4 5 7 9 10 10
India (FATS) 4 5 5 7 10 13
Leading traders in commercial services 2011
(Billion dollars)
Exports Imports Balance
1 United States 581 395 186
2 Germany 253 289 -36
3 United Kingdom 274 170 103
4 China 182 237 -54
5 France 167 143 23
6 Japan 142 166 -23
7 India 137 124 13
8 Netherlands 134 118 15
9 Ireland 109 114 -5
10 Italy 105 114 -9
Exports of commercial services by selected region 2010-2011
(Annual percentange change)
2010 2011
Africa 12 -0
North America 9 9
Middle East 11 10
Asia 23 11
Europe 4 11
C and S America and the Caribbean 15 13
CIS 13 19
World 10 11
Leading economies of merchandise trade 2011
Largest Trader 1898381 2265894
Share 27 29 28
World 18255189 18437682 36692871
(Us+chn+Germ) 4851094 5263318 10114412
2011 2011
(bn USD) EXPORTS (bn USD) IMPORTS EX+IM
Bermuda 0 13 1 910 923 Bermuda
Canada 452 452440 463 462635 915075 Canada
Mexico 350 349569 361 361068 710637 Mexico
Saint Pierre and Miquelon 0 5 0 200 205 Saint Pierre and Miquelon
United States 1480 1480432 2266 2265894 3746326 United States
0 0 0
Brazil 256 256040 237 236870 492910 Brazil
0 0 0
Antigua and Barbuda 0 45 0 480 525 Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina 84 83951 74 73938 157889 Argentina
Aruba 0 148 1 1196 1344 Aruba
Bahamas 1 835 3 2965 3800 Bahamas
Barbados 0 465 2 1805 2270 Barbados
Belize 0 376 1 831 1206 Belize
Bolivia Plurinational State of 8 8332 8 7664 15996 Bolivia Plurinational State of
British Virgin Islands 0 39 0 280 319 British Virgin Islands
Cayman Islands 0 22 1 914 936 Cayman Islands
Chile 81 81411 75 74908 156320 Chile
Colombia 57 56954 55 54675 111628 Colombia
Costa Rica 10 10408 16 16220 26628 Costa Rica
Cuba 7 6800 14 14300 21100 Cuba
Curaccedilao 1 928 2 2130 3058 Curaccedilao
Dominica 0 30 0 220 250 Dominica
Dominican Republic 9 8536 17 17423 25958 Dominican Republic
Ecuador 22 22322 24 24286 46608 Ecuador
El Salvador 5 5309 10 10118 15427 El Salvador
Falkland Islands 0 180 0 180 360 Falkland Islands
French Guiana - 0 French Guiana
Grenada 0 31 0 340 371 Grenada
Guadeloupe - 0 Guadeloupe
Guatemala 10 10401 17 16613 27014 Guatemala
Guyana 1 1129 2 1771 2900 Guyana
Haiti 1 770 3 2900 3670 Haiti
Honduras 7 7204 10 10338 17542 Honduras
Jamaica 2 1624 7 6615 8239 Jamaica
Martinique 0 0 0 Martinique
Montserrat 0 1 0 30 31 Montserrat
Netherlands Antilles - - Netherlands Antilles
Nicaragua 2 2264 5 5210 7474 Nicaragua
Panama 15 14555 22 21802 36356 Panama
Paraguay 6 5517 12 12316 17833 Paraguay
Peru 46 46269 38 38011 84280 Peru
Saint Kitts and Nevis 0 46 0 248 294 Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Lucia 0 161 1 700 861 Saint Lucia
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 0 39 0 332 370 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Sint Maarten 0 127 1 734 861 Sint Maarten
Suriname 2 2467 2 1679 4146 Suriname
Trinidad and Tobago 14 13700 9 9300 23000 Trinidad and Tobago
Uruguay 8 7947 11 10726 18673 Uruguay
Venezuela Bolivarian Rep of 93 92602 48 47600 140202 Venezuela Bolivarian Rep of
0 0 0 Europe
0 0 0 European Union (27)
0 0 0 Intra-EU (27)
0 0 0 Extra-EU (27)
Austria 178 177960 191 191037 368997 Austria
Belgium 477 476660 461 461402 938062 Belgium
0 0 0 Belgium-Luxembourg
Bulgaria 28 28156 32 32498 60654 Bulgaria
Cyprus 2 1826 9 8608 10434 Cyprus
Czech Republic 162 162260 152 151559 313819 Czech Republic
0 0 0 Czech and Slovak Fed Rep former
Denmark 113 113280 98 97780 211060 Denmark
Estonia 17 16734 18 17583 34317 Estonia
Finland 79 78873 84 84135 163008 Finland
France 596 596068 714 713859 1309927 France
0 0 0 German Dem Rep former
Germany 1472 1472281 1254 1253940 2726221 Germany
Greece 32 31603 61 60619 92223 Greece
Hungary 112 112217 103 102589 214807 Hungary
Ireland 127 126923 67 66544 193467 Ireland
Italy 523 523183 557 557468 1080650 Italy
Latvia 13 13124 16 16204 29329 Latvia
Lithuania 28 28076 32 31510 59587 Lithuania
Luxembourg 22 21778 29 28722 50500 Luxembourg
Malta 4 4386 6 6293 10678 Malta
Netherlands 661 661015 599 598683 1259698 Netherlands
Poland 187 187405 208 207672 395077 Poland
Portugal 59 58960 80 80297 139258 Portugal
Romania 63 62687 76 76302 138989 Romania
Slovak Republic 79 79308 77 77305 156614 Slovak Republic
Slovenia 35 34749 35 35488 70238 Slovenia
Spain 309 308700 374 374242 682943 Spain
Sweden 187 187194 176 175993 363187 Sweden
United Kingdom 473 473191 638 637762 1110953 United Kingdom
0 0 0
Faeroe Islands 1 1007 1 986 1993 Faeroe Islands
Gibraltar 0 260 1 750 1010 Gibraltar
Greenland 0 475 1 899 1373 Greenland
Iceland 5 5347 5 4841 10189 Iceland
Norway 159 159253 91 90852 250106 Norway
Switzerland 234 234426 208 208280 442706 Switzerland
0 0 0
Albania 2 1948 5 5395 7343 Albania
Bosnia and Herzegovina 6 5850 11 11050 16900 Bosnia and Herzegovina
Croatia 13 13375 23 22708 36082 Croatia
FYR Macedonia 4 4455 7 7007 11463 FYR Macedonia
Montenegro 1 632 3 2544 3176 Montenegro
Serbia 12 11775 20 20139 31915 Serbia
0 0 0 Serbia and Montenegro
Turkey 135 134918 241 240842 375759 Turkey
0 0 0
0 0 0
0 0 0
0 0 0
0 0 0
Russian Federation 522 522013 324 323831 845844 Russian Federation
0 0 0
Armenia 1 1330 4 4152 5481 Armenia
Azerbaijan 34 34495 10 10166 44661 Azerbaijan
Belarus 40 40294 46 45747 86041 Belarus
Georgia 2 2189 7 7058 9247 Georgia
Kazakhstan 88 88273 38 37909 126181 Kazakhstan
Kyrgyz Republic 2 1979 4 4261 6240 Kyrgyz Republic
Moldova 2 2217 5 5191 7408 Moldova
Tajikistan 1 1257 3 3186 4443 Tajikistan
Turkmenistan 13 13000 7 7400 20400 Turkmenistan
Ukraine 68 68460 83 82594 151054 Ukraine
Uzbekistan 13 13254 10 9953 23207 Uzbekistan
0 0 0
0 0 0
South Africa 97 96848 122 121606 218454 South Africa
0 0 0
Algeria 73 73489 47 47247 120736 Algeria
Angola 66 65500 22 22000 87500 Angola
Benin 2 1800 3 2700 4500 Benin
Botswana 6 5882 7 7272 13154 Botswana
Burkina Faso 2 2000 3 2600 4600 Burkina Faso
Burundi 0 125 1 752 877 Burundi
Cameroon 5 4600 7 6500 11100 Cameroon
Cape Verde 0 73 1 947 1020 Cape Verde
Central African Republic 0 160 0 380 540 Central African Republic
Chad 5 4600 2 2400 7000 Chad
Comoros 0 25 0 277 302 Comoros
Congo 11 10700 5 5100 15800 Congo
Congo Dem Rep of 7 6600 6 5500 12100 Congo Dem Rep of
Cocircte dIvoire 11 11130 7 6720 17850 Cocircte dIvoire
Djibouti 0 95 0 410 505 Djibouti
Egypt 31 30528 59 58903 89431 Egypt
Equatorial Guinea 13 13300 6 6000 19300 Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea 0 400 1 900 1300 Eritrea
Ethiopia 3 2615 9 8896 11511 Ethiopia
Gabon 12 12000 4 3800 15800 Gabon
Gambia 0 95 0 344 438 Gambia
Ghana 13 12785 16 15968 28754 Ghana
Guinea 2 1630 2 2106 3735 Guinea
Guinea-Bissau 0 230 0 300 530 Guinea-Bissau
Kenya 6 5756 15 14782 20538 Kenya
Lesotho 1 1100 3 2600 3700 Lesotho
Liberia 0 358 1 1044 1402 Liberia
Libya 18 17500 5 5000 22500 Libya
Madagascar 2 1590 3 2850 4440 Madagascar
Malawi 1 1427 2 2426 3853 Malawi
Mali 2 2391 3 3250 5641 Mali
Mauritania 3 2769 2 2464 5233 Mauritania
Mauritius 3 2647 5 5158 7805 Mauritius
Morocco 22 21519 44 44295 65814 Morocco
Mozambique 4 3600 6 6300 9900 Mozambique
Namibia 4 4373 6 6330 10703 Namibia
Niger 1 1250 2 2400 3650 Niger
Nigeria 116 116000 55 55000 171000 Nigeria
Reunion - - Reunion
Rwanda 0 464 2 1776 2240 Rwanda
Sao Tome and Principe 0 11 0 125 136 Sao Tome and Principe
Senegal 3 2542 6 5909 8451 Senegal
Seychelles 0 483 1 750 1233 Seychelles
Sierra Leone 0 350 2 1708 2058 Sierra Leone
Somalia 0 450 1 1100 1550 Somalia
Sudan 10 9694 9 9231 18925 Sudan
Swaziland 2 2000 2 2100 4100 Swaziland
Tanzania 5 5098 11 10724 15821 Tanzania
Togo 1 1100 2 1700 2800 Togo
Tunisia 18 17847 24 23958 41805 Tunisia
Uganda 2 2200 5 5360 7560 Uganda
Zambia 9 9015 7 7178 16193 Zambia
Zimbabwe 4 3500 4 4400 7900 Zimbabwe
0 0 0
Bahrain Kingdom of 20 19650 13 12730 32380 Bahrain Kingdom of
Iran 132 131500 62 62106 193606 Iran
Iraq 83 83300 54 54000 137300 Iraq
Israel 68 67796 75 75472 143268 Israel
Jordan 8 7963 18 18301 26265 Jordan
Kuwait 104 103517 25 25268 128785 Kuwait
Lebanon 6 5664 21 20750 26414 Lebanon
Oman 47 47092 24 23860 70952 Oman
Qatar 114 114296 30 30000 144296 Qatar
Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 365 364736 132 131655 496391 Saudi Arabia Kingdom of
Syrian Arab Republic 9 8500 17 16600 25100 Syrian Arab Republic
United Arab Emirates 285 285000 205 205000 490000 United Arab Emirates
Yemen 12 11600 9 8500 20100 Yemen
0 0 0
China 1898 1898381 1743 1743484 3641865 China
India 305 304585 463 462633 767218 India
Japan 823 822564 855 854998 1677562 Japan
0 0 0
Hong Kong China 456 455650 511 510855 966504 Hong Kong China
0 0 0
0 0 0
Korea Republic of 555 555214 524 524413 1079627 Korea Republic of
Singapore 410 409503 366 365770 775273 Singapore
0 0 0
0 0 0
Taipei Chinese 308 308257 281 281438 589695 Taipei Chinese
0 0 0
Australia 270 270440 244 243699 514139 Australia
New Zealand 38 37669 37 37105 74773 New Zealand
0 0 0 Other Asia
Afghanistan 0 350 6 6300 6650 Afghanistan
American Samoa 0 310 1 690 1000 American Samoa
Bangladesh 24 24436 36 36188 60623 Bangladesh
Bhutan 1 650 1 950 1600 Bhutan
Brunei Darussalam 12 12440 3 2943 15383 Brunei Darussalam
Cambodia 7 6950 9 9300 16250 Cambodia
Cook Islands 0 3 0 84 87 Cook Islands
Fiji 1 860 2 2300 3160 Fiji
Fmr Pacific Islands - - Fmr Pacific Islands
French Polynesia 0 168 2 1796 1964 French Polynesia
Guam 0 45 1 1100 1145 Guam
Indonesia 201 200587 177 176881 377468 Indonesia
Kiribati 0 20 0 110 130 Kiribati
Korea Dem Peoples Rep of 3 3300 5 4500 7800 Korea Dem Peoples Rep of
Lao Peoples Dem Rep 2 2400 3 2700 5100 Lao Peoples Dem Rep
Macao China 1 869 8 7927 8796 Macao China
Malaysia 227 226990 188 187661 414650 Malaysia
Maldives 0 346 1 1465 1812 Maldives
Marshall Islands 0 35 0 140 175 Marshall Islands
Micronesia Federated States of 0 25 0 170 195 Micronesia Federated States of
Mongolia 5 4780 7 6527 11307 Mongolia
Myanmar 9 9330 8 8000 17330 Myanmar
Nauru 0 70 0 30 100 Nauru
Nepal 1 919 6 5774 6693 Nepal
New Caledonia 2 1703 4 3699 5401 New Caledonia
Niue 0 0 0 7 7 Niue
Northern Mariana Islands 0 3 0 90 93 Northern Mariana Islands
Pakistan 25 25344 44 44012 69356 Pakistan
Palau 0 6 0 120 126 Palau
Papua New Guinea 7 6776 5 4550 11326 Papua New Guinea
Philippines 48 48305 64 63693 111998 Philippines
Samoa 0 54 0 346 400 Samoa
Solomon Islands 0 413 0 467 880 Solomon Islands
Sri Lanka 10 10236 20 20269 30505 Sri Lanka
Thailand 229 228822 228 228498 457320 Thailand
Timor-Leste 0 20 0 300 320 Timor-Leste
Tonga 0 14 0 180 194 Tonga
Tuvalu 0 0 0 25 25 Tuvalu
Vanuatu 0 64 0 288 352 Vanuatu
Viet Nam 9690567 9690567 1067499 1067499 20365557 Viet Nam
Volume of world merchandise exports and gross domestic product 2005-2011
(Annual percentage change)
2005-11 37 23
2005 65 35
2006 86 40
2007 65 39
2008 23 13
2009 -121 -24
2010 140 38
2011 49 24
Page 5: I. World trade developments - World Trade Organization · I WORLD TRADE DEVELOPMENTS The value of world merchandise ... India proved more resilient to the global crisis than exports

15World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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US$ 1480 bnExports

US$ 2266 bnImports

40 Germanyrsquos trade

surplus is 40 higher than Chinarsquos

bull The United States remains the worldrsquos biggest trader in merchandise with imports and exports totalling US$ 3746 billion in 2011 Its trade defi cit amounted to US$ 785 billion 52 per cent of its GDP

bull China and Germany rank second and third respectively in merchandise trade Their trade surpluses were US$ 155 billion and US$ 218 billion respectively in 2011 21 per cent and 61 per cent of their GDP

bull In contrast to 2010 Japan incurred a trade defi cit in 2011 amounting to US$ 32 billion With imports and exports totalling US$ 1678 billion it remains the fourth-largest trader in the world

US remains the leading merchandise trader

Where to fi nd moreTables A6 and A7

Leading economies of merchandise trade 2011

IMPORTS US$ BILLION

EXPORTS US$ BILLION

The United States was the worldrsquos

biggest merchandise trader in 2011

0

0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000 2200

300

700

1100

1500

1900

2300

2700

China

United States

GermanyJapan

Netherlands

France

WTO-OMC

WTO
File Attachment
Leading economies of merchandise trade 2011

16 World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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0 rise in Africarsquos

exports of commercial services in 2011

11 growth in exports

of world commercial services in 2011

bull The value of world exports of commercial services rose by 11 per cent in 2011 to US$ 4170 billion exceeding pre-crisis levels of US$ 3850 in 2008

bull Europe showed signs of recovery with annual growth of 11 per cent in 2011 In contrast Asian economies saw their growth rate halved compared with 2010 mainly due to slower growth in transportation services and other commercial services

bull North Americarsquos exports of commercial services expanded by 9 per cent in 2011 the same as in 2010 while in Africa exports stagnated following the ldquoArab Springrdquo uprising that began at the end of 2010 The CIS was the most dynamic region with exports of commercial services increasing by 19 per cent followed by South and Central America with 13 per cent

World exports of commercial services up by 11 in 2011

Where to fi nd moreTable I3

Commercial services exports 2010-2011

12

0

9

11

23

4

9

10

11

11

19

Africa

North America

Middle East

Asia

Europe

C and S America and

the Caribbean

CIS

World

2010 2011

ANNUAL PERCENTAGE CHANGE ()

13

15

10

11

13

10 15 20 2550-5

WTO-COM

WTO
File Attachment
Commercial services exports 2010-2011

17World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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US$ 976 bnUnited States

US$ 542 bnGermany

US$ 444 bnUnited Kingdom

Largest traders in commercial services

bull The United States remained the worldrsquos largest trader of commercial services in 2011 with US$ 976 billion of trade making a surplus of US$ 186 billion The United Kingdom which ranked third with US$ 444 billion recorded also a surplus of US$ 103 billion Both the United States and the United Kingdom have recorded a surplus in services every year since the 1980s

bull Germany the second-largest services trader with US$ 542 billion of trade recorded a defi cit of US$ 36 billion in 2011

bull Among the leading emerging economies China remained a net services importer in 2011 while India registered a positive balance with the value of exports exceeding imports

US remains the leading commercial services trader

Leading traders in commercial services 2011

Where to fi nd moreTable I9

289253

170 274

103

237182

143167

23

166

118

142

-23

15

13124 137

-5

114105

IMPORTS BALANCE

US$ BILLION

Germany

Netherlands

India

Japan

France

China

United Kingdom

United States

Italy

Ireland

EXPORTS

-36

-54

134

-9

100 200 300 400 500 6000-100

186395

581

109114

WTO-COM

_x0007_Exports58086382525338115727373297918243306716661184514248186513655346713352496310939800210518396700395267744289091289170426395236530995143474724165810682123723469118174129114335759113987159_x0001_0_x0007_Exports580863825253381157273732979182433067166611845142481865136553467133524963109398002105183967_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_00000395267744289091289170426395236530995143474724165810682123723469118174129114335759113987159000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000
WTO
File Attachment
Leading traders in commercial services 2011

18 World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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34 in India

25 in China

Growth of US services supply through

affi liates in 2009

bull Services supplied by US majority-owned foreign affi liates to China and India proved more resilient to the global crisis than exports of cross-border services

bull In 2009 US exports of commercial services to India decreased by 4 per cent However services supplied to India through commercial presence (ie through US majority-owned foreign affi liates established in India) rose by 34 per cent Similarly in China services supplied by US majority-owned foreign affi liates grew by 25 per cent while exports of commercial services grew by only 2 per cent

bull In contrast services supplied through US majority-owned foreign affi liates to Europe and North America declined following the same pattern as cross-border exports

US service supply through affi liates to emerging economies on the rise

Where to fi nd moreTables I15 and I26

US services supplied to China and India 2004-09

25

20

15

10

5

0

2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009

US$ BILLION

BOP Exports of commercial services as measured in the balance of payments (modes 1 2 and 4)

FATS Outward foreign affi liates statistics (mode 3)

INDIA (FATS)CHINA (BOP)CHINA (FATS) INDIA (BOP)

WTO-OMC

WTO
File Attachment
US services supplied to China and India 2004-09

19World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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List of tables

I World trade developments 1 Overview

Table I1 Growth in the volume of world merchandise exports and production 2005-2011 21

Table I2 Growth in the volume of world merchandise trade by selected region and economy 2005-2011 21

2 Trade by region

Table I3 World merchandise trade and trade in commercial services by region and selected economy 2005-2011 22

Table I4 Intra- and inter-regional merchandise trade 2011 23

Table I5 World merchandise exports by region and selected economy 1948 1953 1963 1973 1983 1993 2003 and 2011 24

Table I6 World merchandise imports by region and selected economy 1948 1953 1963 1973 1983 1993 2003 and 2011 25

3 Leading traders

Table I7 Leading exporters and importers in world merchandise trade 2011 26

Table I8 Leading exporters and importers in world merchandise trade (excluding intra-EU (27) trade) 2011 27

Table I9 Leading exporters and importers in world trade in commercial services 2011 28

Table I10 Leading exporters and importers in world trade in commercial services (excluding intra-EU (27) trade) 2011 29

4 Bilateral trade of leading traders

Table I11 Merchandise trade of Canada by origin and destination 2011 30

Table I12 Merchandise trade of the United States by origin and destination 2011 31

Table I13 Merchandise trade of the European Union (27) by origin and destination 2011 32

Table I14 Merchandise trade of Japan by origin and destination 2011 33

Table I15 Trade in commercial services of selected economies by origin and destination 2010 34

5 Regional trade agreements

Table I16 Merchandise trade of NAFTA countries by major product group and by origindestination 2011 37

Table I17 Merchandise trade of MERCOSUR countries by major product group and by origindestination 2011 38

Table I18 Merchandise trade of Andean Community countries by major product group and by origindestination 2011 39

Table I19 Merchandise trade of ASEAN countries by major product group and by origindestination 2011 40

6 Least-developed countries

Table I20 Ratio of exports of goods and commercial services to GDP of the least-developed countries 2010 41

Table I21 Merchandise exports and imports of least-developed countries 2011 42

Table I22 Imports of agricultural products fuels and manufactures of the European Union (27) Asia and North America from the least-developed countries 2011 44

20 World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Table I23 Exports of commercial services of the least-developed countries by category 2010 45

7 Foreign affiliates statistics

Table I24 Sales by affiliates of foreign companies - resident affiliates primarily engaged in services activities (inward FATS) 2006-2009 46

Table I25 Sales by foreign affiliates of resident companies - affiliates located abroad primarily engaged in services activities (outward FATS) 2006-2009 47

Table I26 Services supplied by United States affiliates established abroad (outward FATS) and by foreign affiliates in the United States (inward FATS) by economy of affiliate 2009 48

21World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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1 Overview

Table I1

(Annual percentage change)

2005-11 2009 2010 2011

World merchandise exports 35 -120 140 50Agricultural products 40 -20 80 40Fuels and mining products 15 -55 55 15Manufactures 45 -150 185 65

World merchandise production 20 -55 45 25Agriculture 20 05 00 20Mining 05 -15 20 15Manufacturing 20 -75 60 30

World GDP 20 -25 40 25

Growth in the volume of world merchandise exports and production 2005-2011

Note See the Metadata for the estimation of world aggregates of merchandise exports production and GDP

Table I2

(Annual percentage change)

2005-11 2010 2011 2005-11 2010 2011

35 140 50 World 35 140 50

30 150 60 North America 10 155 45-20 85 30 Canada 30 145 8535 215 45 Mexico 00 235 6545 155 70 United States 05 150 40

20 50 60 South and Central America 100 230 120

20 110 50 Europe 15 100 2520 115 50 European Union (27) 10 95 20

-20 -25 -45 Norway 35 90 5030 90 85 Switzerland 25 95 25

30 60 20 Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 90 190 165

75 230 65 Asia 60 180 6530 125 05 Australia 55 100 70

120 285 95 China 115 220 95-55 -165 70 Hong Kong China 55 175 70125 255 155 India 140 225 9530 275 -05 Japan 05 100 2065 190 65 Six East Asian traders a 35 190 35

Growth in the volume of world merchandise trade by selected region and economy 2005-2011

a Hong Kong China Malaysia Republic of Korea Singapore Separate Customs Territory of Taiwan Penghu Kinmen and Matsu (Taipei Chinese) and Thailand

Imports Exports

22 World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Exports Imports

2005-11 2010 2011 2005-11 2010 2011

Merchandise10 22 20 World 9 21 198 23 16 North America 5 23 159 21 16 United States 5 23 154 23 17 Canada 6 22 15

13 25 27 South and Central America 16 30 2514 32 27 Brazil 20 43 2413 22 23 Argentina 17 46 317 12 17 Europe 7 13 177 12 17 European Union (27) 7 13 17

10 13 20 Switzerland 9 13 1815 31 34 Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 17 25 3014 32 30 Russian Federation 17 30 3012 29 33 Ukraine 15 34 3611 29 17 Africa 14 15 2011 31 20 South Africa 12 27 2915 48 38 Nigeria a 18 30 2415 27 37 Middle East 13 14 1812 31 45 Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 14 12 2316 19 30 United Arab Emirates a 16 10 2412 31 18 Asia 13 33 2316 31 20 China 18 39 256 33 7 Japan 9 26 23

Commercial services9 10 11 World 9 10 118 9 9 North America 6 8 88 8 9 United States 6 6 75 15 11 Canada 7 15 11

11 15 13 South and Central America 15 23 1816 15 21 Brazil 22 36 2214 19 8 Argentina 14 16 177 4 11 Europe 6 3 97 4 11 European Union (27) 6 2 9

12 10 15 Switzerland 11 4 1915 13 19 Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 14 18 1914 8 20 Russian Federation 15 21 2313 24 14 Ukraine 12 10 157 12 0 Africa 14 11 125 17 6 South Africa 8 25 75 11 -19 Egypt 5 2 0

hellip 11 10 Middle East hellip 12 15hellip 10 7 Saudi Arabia Kingdom of hellip 8 819 16 9 United Arab Emirates 17 12 1812 23 11 Asia 11 21 1416 32 7 China 19 22 236 10 3 Japan 5 6 7

a Secretariat estimates

World merchandise trade and trade in commercial services by region and selected economy 2005-2011

Table I3

(Annual percentage change)

2 Trade by region

23World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Table I4

(Billion dollars and percentage)

OriginNorth

America

South and Central America Europe CIS Africa Middle East Asia World

Value

World 2923 749 6881 530 538 672 5133 17816North America 1103 201 382 15 37 63 476 2282South and Central America 181 200 138 8 21 18 169 750Europe 480 119 4667 234 199 194 639 6612Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 43 11 409 154 12 24 117 789Africa 102 19 205 2 77 21 146 594Middle East 107 10 158 6 38 110 660 1251Asia 906 189 922 110 152 242 2926 5538

Share of regional trade flows in each regions total merchandise exports

World 164 42 386 30 30 38 288 1000North America 483 88 167 07 16 28 209 1000South and Central America 242 267 183 11 28 24 225 1000Europe 73 18 706 35 30 29 97 1000Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 55 14 518 195 16 30 148 1000Africa 171 33 345 03 130 36 245 1000Middle East 86 08 126 05 30 88 528 1000Asia 164 34 167 20 28 44 528 1000

Share of each regions exports in world merchandise exports to the region

World 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000North America 377 269 56 29 70 93 93 128South and Central America 62 268 20 16 40 27 33 42Europe 164 159 678 442 371 289 124 371Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 15 14 59 291 23 35 23 44Africa 35 26 30 03 143 32 28 33Middle East 37 13 23 11 70 164 129 70Asia 310 252 134 208 283 360 570 311

Share of regional trade flows in world merchandise exports

World 164 42 386 30 30 38 288 1000North America 62 11 21 01 02 04 27 128South and Central America 10 11 08 00 01 01 09 42Europe 27 07 262 13 11 11 36 371Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 02 01 23 09 01 01 07 44Africa 06 01 12 00 04 01 08 33Middle East 06 01 09 00 02 06 37 70Asia 51 11 52 06 09 14 164 311

Intra- and inter-regional merchandise trade 2011

Destination

24 World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Table I5

1948 1953 1963 1973 1983 1993 2003 2011

Value

World 59 84 157 579 1838 3676 7377 17816 Share

World 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000

North America 281 248 199 173 168 180 158 128United States 217 188 149 123 112 126 98 83Canada 55 52 43 46 42 39 37 25Mexico 09 07 06 04 14 14 22 20

South and Central America 113 97 64 43 44 30 30 42Brazil 20 18 09 11 12 10 10 14Argentina 28 13 09 06 04 04 04 05

Europe 351 394 478 509 435 454 459 371Germany a 14 53 93 117 92 103 102 83France 34 48 52 63 52 60 53 33Italy 18 18 32 38 40 46 41 29United Kingdom 113 90 78 51 50 49 41 27

Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) b - - - - - 15 26 44Africa 73 65 57 48 45 25 24 33

South Africa c 20 16 15 10 10 07 05 05

Middle East 20 27 32 41 68 35 41 70Asia 140 134 125 149 191 261 262 311

China 09 12 13 10 12 25 59 107Japan 04 15 35 64 80 99 64 46India 22 13 10 05 05 06 08 17Australia and New Zealand 37 32 24 21 14 14 12 17Six East Asian Traders 34 30 25 36 58 97 96 98

Memorandum item EU d - - 245 370 313 374 423 339USSR Former 22 35 46 37 50 - - -GATTWTO Members e 634 696 750 841 784 893 943 938

Note Between 1973 and 1983 and between 1993 and 2003 export shares were significantly influenced by oil price developments

World merchandise exports by region and selected economy 1948 1953 1963 1973 1983 1993 2003 and 2011

b Figures are significantly affected by including the mutual trade flows of the Baltic States and the CIS between 1993 and 2003c Beginning with 1998 figures refer to South Africa only and no longer to the Southern African Customs Union

e Membership as of the year stated

a Figures refer to the Fed Rep of Germany from 1948 through 1983

(Billion dollars and percentage)

d Figures refer to the EEC(6) in 1963 EC(9) in 1973 EC(10) in 1983 EU(12) in 1993 EU(25) in 2003 and EU(27) in 2011

25World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Table I6

1948 1953 1963 1973 1983 1993 2003 2011

Value

World 62 85 164 594 1882 3786 7695 15077 Share

World 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000

North America 185 205 161 172 185 214 224 171United States 130 139 114 123 143 159 169 125Canada 44 55 39 42 34 37 32 26Mexico 10 09 08 06 07 18 23 20

South and Central America 104 83 60 44 38 33 25 40Brazil 18 16 09 12 09 07 07 13Argentina 25 09 06 04 02 04 02 04

Europe 453 437 520 533 442 446 450 381Germany a 22 45 80 92 81 90 79 69France 55 49 53 64 56 57 52 40United Kingdom 134 110 85 65 53 55 52 35Italy 25 28 46 47 42 39 39 31

Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) b - - - - - 12 17 30Africa 81 70 52 39 46 26 22 31

South Africa c 25 15 11 09 08 05 05 07

Middle East 18 21 23 27 62 33 28 38Asia 139 151 141 149 185 237 235 309

China 06 16 09 09 11 27 54 97Japan 11 28 41 65 67 64 50 47India 23 14 15 05 07 06 09 26Australia and New Zealand 29 23 22 16 14 15 14 16Six East Asian Traders 35 37 32 39 61 103 86 95

Memorandum item EU d - - 255 371 314 353 413 346USSR Former 19 33 43 36 43 - - -GATTWTO Members e 586 669 753 855 813 887 948 959

Note Between 1973 and 1983 and between 1993 and 2003 import shares were significantly influenced by oil price developments

World merchandise imports by region and selected economy 1948 1953 1963 1973 1983 1993 2003 and 2011

b Figures are significantly affected by including the mutual trade flows of the Baltic States and the CIS between 1993 and 2003c Beginning with 1998 figures refer to South Africa only and no longer to the Southern African Customs Union

e Membership as of the year stated

a Figures refer to the Fed Rep of Germany from 1948 through 1983

(Billion dollars and percentage)

d Figures refer to the EEC(6) in 1963 EC(9) in 1973 EC(10) in 1983 EU(12) in 1993 EU(25) in 2003 and EU(27) in 2011

26 World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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3 Leading traders

Rank Exporters Value Share

Annual percentage

change Rank Importers Value Share

Annual percentage

change

1 China 1898 104 20 1 United States 2266 123 152 United States 1480 81 16 2 China 1743 95 253 Germany 1472 81 17 3 Germany 1254 68 194 Japan 823 45 7 4 Japan 855 46 235 Netherlands 661 36 15 5 France 714 39 176 France 596 33 14 6 United Kingdom 638 35 147 Korea Republic of 555 30 19 7 Netherlands 599 32 168 Italy 523 29 17 8 Italy 557 30 149 Russian Federation 522 29 30 9 Korea Republic of 524 28 2310 Belgium 477 26 17 10 Hong Kong China 511 28 16

retained imports 130 07 1611 United Kingdom 473 26 17 11 Canada a 463 25 1512 Hong Kong China 456 25 14 12 India 463 25 32

domestic exports 17 01 14 re-exports 439 24 14

13 Canada 452 25 17 13 Belgium 461 25 1714 Singapore 410 22 16 14 Spain 374 20 14

domestic exports 224 12 23 re-exports 186 10 10 15 Singapore 366 20 18

15 Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 365 20 45 retained imports 180 10 2716 Mexico 350 19 17 16 Mexico 361 20 1617 Spain 309 17 21 17 Russian Federation a 324 18 3018 Taipei Chinese 308 17 12 18 Taipei Chinese 281 15 1219 India 305 17 35 19 Australia 244 13 2120 United Arab Emirates b 285 16 30 20 Turkey 241 13 3021 Australia 270 15 27 21 Brazil 237 13 2422 Brazil 256 14 27 22 Thailand 228 12 2523 Switzerland 234 13 20 23 Switzerland 208 11 1824 Thailand 229 13 17 24 Poland 208 11 1725 Malaysia 227 12 14 25 United Arab Emirates b 205 11 2426 Indonesia 201 11 27 26 Austria 191 10 2027 Poland 187 10 17 27 Malaysia 188 10 1428 Sweden 187 10 18 28 Indonesia 177 10 3129 Austria 178 10 17 29 Sweden 176 10 1830 Czech Republic 162 09 22 30 Czech Republic 152 08 2031 Norway 159 09 22 31 Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 132 07 2332 Turkey 135 07 18 32 South Africa 122 07 2933 Iran b 132 07 30 33 Viet Nam 107 06 2634 Ireland 127 07 9 34 Hungary 103 06 1635 Nigeria b 116 06 38 35 Denmark 98 05 1536 Qatar 114 06 53 36 Norway 91 05 1737 Denmark 113 06 16 37 Finland 84 05 2238 Hungary 112 06 18 38 Ukraine 83 04 3639 Kuwait 104 06 54 39 Portugal 80 04 640 Viet Nam 97 05 34 40 Slovak Republic 77 04 1941 South Africa 97 05 20 41 Romania 76 04 2342 Venezuela Bolivarian Rep of 93 05 41 42 Israel 75 04 2343 Kazakhstan 88 05 47 43 Chile 75 04 2644 Argentina 84 05 23 44 Argentina 74 04 3145 Iraq b 83 05 59 45 Ireland 67 04 1046 Chile 81 04 15 46 Philippines 64 03 947 Slovak Republic 79 04 23 47 Iran 62 03 -448 Finland 79 04 13 48 Greece 61 03 -549 Algeria 73 04 29 49 Egypt 59 03 1150 Ukraine 68 04 33 50 Nigeria b 55 03 24

Total of above c 16887 925 - Total of above c 16851 914 - World c 18255 1000 20 World c 18438 1000 19

a Imports are valued fob b Secretariat estimates c Includes significant re-exports or imports for re-export Note For annual data 2000-2011 see Appendix A6 and A7

Table I7

Leading exporters and importers in world merchandise trade 2011

(Billion dollars and percentage)

27World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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1 Extra-EU (27) exports 2133 149 19 1 Extra-EU (27) imports 2350 162 172 China 1898 132 20 2 United States 2266 156 153 United States 1480 103 16 3 China 1743 120 254 Japan 823 57 7 4 Japan 855 59 235 Korea Republic of 555 39 19 5 Korea Republic of 524 36 236 Russian Federation 522 36 30 6 Hong Kong China 511 35 167 Hong Kong China 456 32 14 retained imports 130 09 16

domestic exports 17 01 14 re-exports 439 31 14 7 Canada a 463 32 15

8 Canada 452 32 17 8 India 463 32 329 Singapore 410 29 16 9 Singapore 366 25 18

domestic exports 224 16 23 retained imports 180 12 27 Singapore re-exports 186 13 10

10 Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 365 25 45 10 Mexico 361 25 1611 Mexico 350 24 17 11 Russian Federation a 324 22 3012 Taipei Chinese 308 21 12 12 Taipei Chinese 281 19 1213 India 305 21 35 13 Australia 244 17 2114 United Arab Emirates b 285 20 30 14 Turkey 241 17 3015 Australia 270 19 27 15 Brazil 237 16 2416 Brazil 256 18 27 16 Thailand 228 16 2517 Switzerland 234 16 20 17 Switzerland 208 14 1818 Thailand 229 16 17 18 United Arab Emirates b 205 14 2419 Malaysia 227 16 14 19 Malaysia 188 13 1420 Indonesia 201 14 27 20 Indonesia 177 12 3121 Norway 159 11 22 21 Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 132 09 2322 Turkey 135 09 18 22 South Africa 122 08 2923 Iran b 132 09 30 23 Viet Nam 107 07 2624 Nigeria b 116 08 38 24 Norway 91 06 1725 Qatar 114 08 53 25 Ukraine 83 06 3626 Kuwait 104 07 54 26 Israel 75 05 2327 Viet Nam 97 07 34 27 Chile 75 05 2628 South Africa 97 07 20 28 Argentina 74 05 3129 Venezuela Bolivarian Rep of 93 06 41 29 Philippines 64 04 930 Kazakhstan 88 06 47 30 Iran 62 04 -431 Argentina 84 06 23 31 Egypt 59 04 1132 Iraq b 83 06 59 32 Nigeria b 55 04 2433 Chile 81 06 15 33 Colombia 55 04 3434 Algeria 73 05 29 34 Iraq b 54 04 2335 Ukraine 68 05 33 35 Venezuela Bolivarian Rep of b 48 03 2036 Israel 68 05 16 36 Algeria 47 03 1737 Angola b 66 05 29 37 Belarus 46 03 3138 Colombia 57 04 43 38 Morocco 44 03 2539 Philippines 48 03 -6 39 Pakistan 44 03 1640 Oman 47 03 29 40 Peru 38 03 2641 Peru 46 03 30 41 Kazakhstan 38 03 2242 Belarus 40 03 59 42 Bangladesh 36 02 3043 New Zealand 38 03 20 43 Qatar b 30 02 2944 Azerbaijan 34 02 30 44 Kuwait 25 02 1345 Egypt 31 02 15 45 Ecuador 24 02 1846 Pakistan 25 02 18 46 Tunisia 24 02 847 Bangladesh 24 02 27 47 Oman b 24 02 1948 Ecuador 22 02 28 48 Croatia 23 02 1349 Morocco 22 02 21 49 Angola a b 22 02 3250 Bahrain Kingdom of 20 01 31 50 Panama 22 02 30

Total of above c 13871 967 - Total of above c 13876 955 -

World (excl intra-EU (27)) c 14349 1000 21 World (excl intra-EU (27)) c 14532 1000 20

a Imports are valued fob b Secretariat estimates c Includes significant re-exports or imports for re-export Note For annual data 2000-2011 see Appendix A6 and A7

Table I8

Leading exporters and importers in world merchandise trade (excluding intra-EU (27) trade) 2011

28 World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Rank Exporters Value Share

Annual percentage

change Rank Importers Value Share

Annual percentage

change

1 United States 581 139 9 1 United States 395 100 72 United Kingdom 274 66 11 2 Germany 289 73 103 Germany 253 61 9 3 China 237 60 234 China 182 44 7 4 United Kingdom 170 43 65 France 167 40 15 5 Japan 166 42 76 Japan 142 34 3 6 France 143 36 97 Spain 140 34 14 7 India 124 31 78 India 137 33 11 8 Netherlands 118 30 129 Netherlands 134 32 16 9 Ireland 114 29 710 Singapore 129 31 15 10 Italy 114 29 511 Hong Kong China 121 29 14 11 Singapore 114 29 1812 Ireland 109 26 12 12 Canada 100 25 1113 Italy 105 25 8 13 Korea Republic of 98 25 314 Switzerland 94 23 15 14 Spain 93 24 815 Korea Republic of 94 23 9 15 Russian Federation 88 22 2316 Belgium 87 21 2 16 Belgium 85 21 817 Sweden 76 18 16 17 Brazil 73 18 2218 Canada 75 18 11 18 Australia 60 15 1919 Luxembourg 72 17 9 19 Denmark 56 14 1120 Denmark 65 16 9 20 Hong Kong China 56 14 1021 Austria 61 15 13 21 Sweden 56 14 1622 Russian Federation 53 13 20 22 Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 55 14 823 Australia 51 12 8 23 Thailand 51 13 1424 Taipei Chinese 46 11 15 24 United Arab Emirates 49 12 1825 Norway 42 10 6 25 Switzerland 47 12 1926 Thailand 41 10 20 26 Norway 45 11 627 Macao China 40 09 38 27 Austria 42 11 1428 Greece 38 09 2 28 Taipei Chinese 41 10 1129 Turkey 38 09 11 29 Luxembourg 41 10 1230 Poland 37 09 13 30 Malaysia 37 09 1731 Brazil 37 09 21 31 Indonesia 32 08 2432 Malaysia 35 08 7 32 Poland 31 08 433 Finland 27 07 -1 33 Finland 26 07 -534 Israel 27 06 11 34 Mexico 25 06 1535 Portugal 26 06 14 35 Iran a 25 06 36 Czech Republic 23 06 10 36 Nigeria 22 06 1337 Hungary 22 05 12 37 Angola a 20 05 38 Indonesia 20 05 23 38 Turkey 20 05 839 Egypt 19 05 -19 39 Israel 20 05 1040 Ukraine 19 05 14 40 South Africa 19 05 7

Total of above 3740 897 - Total of above 3395 859 -World 4170 1000 11 World 3955 1000 11

Leading exporters and importers in world trade in commercial services 2011

Note Figures for a number of countries and territories have been estimated by the Secretariat Annual percentage changes and rankings are affected by continuity breaks in the series for a large number of economies and by limitations in cross-country comparability See the Metadata For annual data 2001-2011 see Appendix Tables A8 and A9

a Secretariat estimate

Table I9

(Billion dollars and percentage)

29World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Rank Exporters Value Share

Annual percentage

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Annual percentage

change

1 Extra-EU (27) exports 784 247 11 1 Extra-EU (27) imports 644 211 92 United States 581 183 9 2 United States 395 129 73 China 182 58 7 3 China 237 77 234 Japan 142 45 3 4 Japan 166 54 75 India 137 43 11 5 India 124 41 76 Singapore 129 41 15 6 Singapore 114 37 187 Hong Kong China 121 38 14 7 Canada 100 33 118 Switzerland 94 30 15 8 Korea Republic of 98 32 39 Korea Republic of 94 30 9 9 Russian Federation 88 29 23

10 Canada 75 23 11 10 Brazil 73 24 2211 Russian Federation 53 17 20 11 Australia 60 19 1912 Australia 51 16 8 12 Hong Kong China 56 18 1013 Taipei Chinese 46 15 15 13 Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 55 18 814 Norway 42 13 6 14 Thailand 51 17 1415 Thailand 41 13 20 15 United Arab Emirates 49 16 1816 Macao China 40 12 38 16 Switzerland 47 15 1917 Turkey 38 12 11 17 Norway 45 15 618 Brazil 37 12 21 18 Taipei Chinese 41 14 1119 Malaysia 35 11 7 19 Malaysia 37 12 1720 Israel 27 08 11 20 Indonesia 32 10 2421 Indonesia 20 06 23 21 Mexico 25 08 1522 Egypt 19 06 -19 22 Iran a 25 08 23 Ukraine 19 06 14 23 Nigeria 22 07 1324 Lebanon a 18 06 24 Angola a 20 07 25 Philippines 15 05 10 25 Turkey 20 06 826 Mexico 15 05 1 26 Israel 20 06 1027 South Africa 14 05 6 27 South Africa 19 06 728 Argentina 14 04 8 28 Kuwait 16 05 1529 Morocco 14 04 12 29 Argentina 16 05 1730 Croatia 12 04 10 30 Qatar 16 05 10331 Chile 12 04 14 31 Lebanon a 15 05 32 United Arab Emirates 12 04 9 32 Ukraine 14 05 1533 Cuba a 12 04 33 Chile 14 04 1834 Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 11 04 7 34 Egypt 13 04 035 New Zealand 10 03 11 35 Venezuela Bolivarian Rep of 12 04 1336 Kuwait 10 03 9 36 Viet Nam 12 04 2037 Iran a 9 03 37 Philippines 12 04 438 Viet Nam 9 03 19 38 Algeria 11 04 -439 Syrian Arab Republic a 8 02 39 New Zealand 11 04 1740 Panama 7 02 18 40 Kazakhstan 11 04 -3

Total of above 3010 949 - Total of above 2835 928 -World (excl intra-EU (27)) 3170 1000 11 World (excl intra-EU (27)) 3055 1000 12

Leading exporters and importers in world trade in commercial services (excluding intra-EU (27) trade) 2011

Note Figures for a number of countries and territories have been estimated by the Secretariat Annual percentage changes and rankings are affected by continuity breaks in the series for a large number of economies and by limitations in cross-country comparability See the Metadata For annual data 2001-2011 see Appendix Tables A8 and A9

a Secretariat estimate

Table I10

(Billion dollars and percentage)

30 World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Table I11

(Million dollars and percentage)

Destination Value Origin Value

2011 2005 2011 2010 2011 2011 2005 2011 2010 2011

Region Region

World 452440 1000 1000 23 17 World 462635 1000 1000 22 59North America 337369 846 746 22 15 North America 258684 613 559 23 13Asia 49391 65 109 23 29 Asia 93656 173 202 22 12Europe 45888 65 101 29 19 Europe 63084 140 136 13 16South and Central America 8628 11 19 37 19 South and Central America 19220 31 42 36 20Middle East 3664 05 08 -18 10 Africa 14905 18 32 42 51Africa 3524 05 08 12 7 Middle East 7970 10 17 43 50CIS 1916 02 04 33 25 CIS 5117 06 11 12 7

Economy Economy

United States 331738 839 733 22 15 United States 223133 551 482 20 13European Union (27) 40312 57 89 28 21 European Union (27) 52591 118 114 17 13China 16957 17 37 31 32 China 48657 76 105 24 13Japan 10776 21 24 22 21 Mexico 24807 37 54 48 16Mexico 5530 08 12 15 14 Japan 13193 38 29 20 1

Above 5 405312 942 896 - - Above 5 362382 819 783 - -Korea Republic of 5135 06 11 16 43 Korea Republic of 6674 14 14 14 12Hong Kong China 2990 03 07 39 64 Algeria 5543 11 12 5 59Brazil 2869 03 06 77 15 Taipei Chinese 4983 10 11 31 29Norway 2845 04 06 58 16 Peru 4455 03 10 40 26India 2645 02 06 6 32 Norway 4389 16 09 -12 59Australia 1917 04 04 9 13 Canada b 3973 09 09 31 4Taipei Chinese 1764 03 04 29 41 Brazil 3919 08 08 41 23Indonesia 1661 02 04 21 61 Switzerland 3196 05 07 -6 12Russian Federation 1512 01 03 48 31 Kazakhstan 2885 00 06 49 30United Arab Emirates 1372 01 03 -3 24 Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 2774 04 06 46 41Turkey 1284 01 03 4 57 Thailand 2703 05 06 16 16Switzerland 1151 02 03 43 -23 India 2561 05 06 17 24Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 868 01 02 -7 -9 Nigeria 2518 00 05 302 55Thailand 847 01 02 27 34 Iraq 2490 03 05 65 34Chile 827 01 02 1 45 Angola 2470 01 05 31 57Singapore 812 01 02 -15 0 Argentina 2385 01 05 145 58Malaysia 769 01 02 10 1 Malaysia 2162 07 05 9 -3Colombia 768 01 02 20 23 Chile 1931 04 04 19 6Egypt 718 01 02 9 18 Australia 1786 04 04 10 14Pakistan 696 01 02 48 31 Singapore 1572 02 03 9 42South Africa 690 01 02 16 51 Indonesia 1444 02 03 38 18Bolivarian Rep of Venezuela 613 02 01 2 13 Viet Nam 1346 01 03 23 18Bangladesh 557 00 01 5 -4 Russian Federation 1299 04 03 18 -19Philippines 545 01 01 42 -16 Turkey 1134 02 02 25 64Peru 521 01 01 23 13 Bangladesh 1072 01 02 14 32Argentina 500 00 01 80 81 Israel 993 02 02 17 2Cuba 467 01 01 36 23 South Africa 934 02 02 25 34Israel 401 01 01 22 7 Philippines 925 02 02 33 7New Zealand 385 01 01 18 23 United Arab Emirates 910 00 02 -13 hellipTrinidad and Tobago 345 00 01 25 19 Colombia 808 01 02 8 16Viet Nam 339 00 01 33 32 Bolivarian Rep of Venezuela 741 05 02 -6 -3Sri Lanka 306 00 01 15 -10 Cuba 710 01 02 44 12Morocco 303 00 01 -45 67 Cocircte dIvoire 636 00 01 108 56Ecuador 284 00 01 8 11 Equatorial Guinea 636 01 01 113 -2Ghana 269 00 01 25 55 New Zealand 556 01 01 9 28

Above 40 445288 993 984 - - Above 40 441894 961 955 - -

b In 2011 Canada reported imports from Canada accounting for nearly 1 percent of its total merchandise importsa Imports are valued fob

Merchandise trade of Canada by origin and destination 2011

Annual percentage

change

Annual percentage

change Share Share

Exports Imports a

4 Bilateral trade of leading traders

31World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Table I12

(Million dollars and percentage)

Destination Value Origin Value

2011 2005 2011 2010 2011 2011 2005 2011 2010 2011

Region Region World 1480432 1000 1000 21 16 World 2265894 1000 1000 23 15North America 479841 367 324 24 16 Asia 841716 368 371 23 10Asia 412148 268 278 28 13 North America 585684 268 258 26 14Europe 315721 227 213 11 14 Europe 416485 200 184 14 16South and Central America 166285 79 112 27 21 South and Central America 178846 75 79 20 31Middle East 58356 35 39 9 20 Middle East 106282 38 47 26 38Africa 33204 17 22 16 16 Africa 94857 39 42 35 8CIS 12908 06 09 14 40 CIS 42025 11 19 34 30

Economy Economy Canada 280710 234 190 21 13 China 417303 150 184 24 9European Union (27) 269137 207 182 9 12 European Union (27) 375512 184 166 14 15Mexico 197544 133 133 27 21 Canada 319101 168 141 23 14China 103878 46 70 32 13 Mexico 265347 100 117 30 14Japan 66160 61 45 18 9 Japan 132442 82 58 26 7

Above 5 917429 681 620 - - Above 5 1509705 684 666 - -Korea Republic of 43505 31 29 36 12 Korea Republic of 58580 26 26 25 16Brazil 42943 17 29 35 21 Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 48760 17 22 40 49Hong Kong China 36489 18 25 26 37 Bolivarian Rep of Venezuela 43863 20 19 16 31Singapore 31374 23 21 31 8 Taipei Chinese 42651 21 19 27 15Australia 27512 17 19 11 26 India 37468 11 17 39 22Taipei Chinese 25896 24 17 41 -1 Russian Federation 35511 09 16 40 34Switzerland 24446 12 17 18 18 Nigeria 34348 14 15 59 10India 21628 09 15 17 13 Brazil 32472 15 14 19 30United Arab Emirates 15886 09 11 -4 37 Malaysia 26485 20 12 11 -1Chile 15873 06 11 16 46 Thailand 25746 12 11 19 9Turkey 14632 05 10 49 39 Switzerland 24868 08 11 20 28Colombia 14315 06 10 27 19 Colombia 23721 05 10 37 46Malaysia 14217 12 10 34 2 Israel 23250 10 10 12 10Israel 13956 11 09 18 24 Indonesia 19992 07 09 27 15Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 13820 08 09 7 19 Singapore 19363 09 09 12 9Bolivarian Rep of Venezuela 12351 07 08 14 16 Viet Nam 18454 04 08 22 16Thailand 10927 08 07 30 22 Iraq 17365 06 08 30 38Argentina 9878 05 07 33 33 Algeria 14913 06 07 34 0Peru 8319 03 06 37 23 Angola 13833 05 06 27 13Russian Federation 8285 04 06 11 39 Costa Rica 10370 02 05 54 16Panama 8248 02 06 39 36 Australia 10361 04 05 7 18Philippines 7706 08 05 28 4 Ecuador 10034 04 04 40 28Indonesia 7415 03 05 36 7 Chile 9728 04 04 16 27Dominican Republic 7346 05 05 24 12 South Africa 9648 03 04 40 16South Africa 7294 04 05 26 30 Philippines 9480 06 04 18 14Guatemala 6205 03 04 14 39 Norway 8563 04 04 22 19Egypt 6183 04 04 30 -10 Trinidad and Tobago 8513 05 04 25 21Honduras 6139 04 04 36 33 Kuwait 8010 03 04 41 43Costa Rica 6118 04 04 10 18 Peru 6537 03 03 21 22Ecuador 6040 02 04 39 11 Turkey 5463 03 02 15 24Nigeria 4815 02 03 10 19 Bangladesh 5082 02 02 17 12Viet Nam 4341 01 03 19 17 Argentina 4732 03 02 -3 18Norway 3632 02 02 13 17 Honduras 4692 02 02 18 14New Zealand 3497 03 02 31 24 Gabon 4659 02 02 77 105Bahamas 3418 02 02 31 6 Hong Kong China 4412 05 02 21 -1

Above 40 1412078 964 954 - - Above 40 2191633 967 967 - -

Annual percentage

change

Merchandise trade of the United States by origin and destination 2011

Annual percentage

change Share Share

Exports Imports

32 World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Table I13

(Million dollars and percentage)

Destination Value Origin Value

2011 2005 2011 2010 2011 2011 2005 2011 2010 2011

Region Region

World 6038597 1000 1000 12 17 World 6255558 1000 1000 13 17Europe 4293810 735 711 10 17 Europe 4239897 703 678 10 16Asia 575412 75 95 24 21 Asia 824999 123 132 21 10North America 433089 89 72 15 15 CIS 356204 56 57 28 36CIS 210719 25 35 22 30 North America 307863 42 49 10 16Africa 183490 26 30 10 13 Africa 203123 31 32 19 15Middle East 159228 27 26 9 15 Middle East 138009 20 22 38 44South and Central America 109472 13 18 32 21 South and Central America 132179 18 21 20 22

Economy Economy

European Union (27) 3905709 678 647 10 16 European Union (27) a 3905709 652 624 10 16United States 362942 77 60 13 13 China 406867 47 65 25 9Switzerland 169376 25 28 13 21 United States 256584 48 41 7 14China 189644 16 31 31 26 Russian Federation 277571 33 44 29 31Russian Federation 150924 17 25 25 32 Switzerland 126973 20 20 7 15

Above 5 4778596 814 791 - - Above 5 4973705 801 795 - -Turkey 101192 14 17 32 25 Norway 130209 20 21 10 24Japan 68149 13 11 16 17 Japan 93933 22 15 10 8Norway 64815 10 11 6 17 Turkey 66258 11 11 11 18India 56272 07 09 21 22 Korea Republic of 50273 10 08 16 -3United Arab Emirates 45451 08 08 6 24 Brazil 52705 07 08 22 22Brazil 49734 05 08 38 20 India 54853 06 09 24 25Korea Republic of 45179 06 07 23 22 Taipei Chinese 33419 07 05 28 4Canada 41228 07 07 16 17 Algeria 38567 06 06 15 38Australia 42887 06 07 17 21 Libya 14530 06 02 33 -63Hong Kong China 42013 06 07 30 18 Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 39150 07 06 33 81Singapore 37762 05 06 14 17 Canada 31837 05 05 20 19Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 36779 05 06 16 20 Malaysia 29299 05 05 35 6South Africa 35685 06 06 27 26 Singapore 26383 05 04 22 6Mexico 33152 05 05 27 17 South Africa 24740 05 04 14 4Ukraine 29496 04 05 18 28 Thailand 24417 04 04 15 6Algeria 23952 03 04 0 16 Kazakhstan 31832 03 05 40 51Israel 23458 04 04 20 23 Nigeria 33617 02 05 32 75Taipei Chinese 22564 04 04 40 15 Indonesia 22510 03 04 13 22Morocco 21116 04 03 9 16 Iran 22749 03 04 47 18Egypt 19409 03 03 12 -1 Mexico 22658 03 04 25 30Iran 14602 04 02 3 -3 Ukraine 20977 03 03 38 38Croatia 15969 03 03 -9 17 Israel 17623 03 03 19 20Malaysia 16586 03 03 11 11 Hong Kong China 14172 03 02 7 0Tunisia 15216 02 03 17 3 Australia 16401 03 03 15 26Nigeria 17360 02 03 10 23 Chile 15255 02 02 20 22Thailand 16502 02 03 24 25 Viet Nam 17840 02 03 17 40Serbia 11925 01 02 7 21 Azerbaijan 20660 01 03 26 60Argentina 11580 01 02 48 18 Argentina 14858 02 02 8 20Indonesia 10235 01 02 16 21 Tunisia 13747 02 02 13 9Chile 10651 01 02 27 33 Morocco 12113 03 02 12 18Belarus 10046 01 02 26 14 Egypt 13248 02 02 11 38Kazakhstan 8351 01 01 -6 21 United Arab Emirates 12321 03 02 47 60Libya 2924 01 00 1 -67 Iraq 13171 01 02 6 39Qatar 6800 01 01 -4 -4 Qatar 18700 00 03 136 79Gibraltar 11057 01 02 35 72 Bangladesh 11954 01 02 9 35

Above 40 5798689 965 960 - - Above 40 6050685 970 967 - -

a The figures are affected by the INTRASTAT system of recording trade between EU member States Intra-EU (27) imports are under-recorded To compensate for this under-recording intra-EU (27) exports have been used to obtain total (World) imports

Exports Imports

Merchandise trade of the European Union (27) by origin and destination 2011

Annual percentage

change

Annual percentage

change Share Share

33World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Table I14

(Million dollars and percentage)

Destination Value Origin Value

2011 2005 2011 2010 2011 2011 2005 2011 2010 2011

Region Region

World 822564 1000 1000 33 7 World 854998 1000 1000 26 23Asia 482969 510 587 37 7 Asia 442550 499 518 28 22North America 146824 255 178 27 5 Middle East 161154 169 188 28 36Europe 109819 157 134 21 11 North America 93078 149 109 15 12South and Central America 17843 16 22 47 0 Europe 91331 127 107 12 20Middle East 24562 28 30 17 -3 South and Central America 29275 24 34 45 28Africa 9899 12 12 26 -2 CIS 20005 13 23 78 17CIS 13760 09 17 122 51 Africa 17106 19 20 28 46

Economy Economy

China 162062 135 197 36 8 China 183818 210 215 25 20United States 127679 229 155 26 6 European Union (27) 80228 114 94 12 21European Union (27) 95909 148 117 20 10 United States 76141 127 89 14 10Korea Republic of 66167 78 80 32 6 Australia 56472 47 66 29 26Taipei Chinese 50961 73 62 44 -3 Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 50514 56 59 23 40

Above 5 502778 662 611 - - Above 5 447173 553 523 - -Hong Kong China a 42954 60 52 33 2 United Arab Emirates 42909 49 50 29 46Thailand 37531 38 46 54 10 Korea Republic of 39798 47 47 30 39Singapore 27265 31 33 22 8 Indonesia 34061 40 40 29 21Malaysia 18796 21 23 37 7 Malaysia 30463 28 36 36 34Australia 17818 21 22 30 12 Qatar 30083 21 35 37 38Indonesia 17739 15 22 71 11 Thailand 24508 30 29 31 17Panama 14939 12 18 21 -4 Taipei Chinese 23254 35 27 26 1Russian Federation 11819 08 14 144 48 Russian Federation 18972 12 22 82 18Philippines 11229 15 14 35 1 Kuwait 13113 15 15 15 27India 11079 06 13 43 23 Canada 12954 17 15 19 19Mexico 10229 12 12 39 8 Iran Islamic Rep of 12902 20 15 20 15Viet Nam 9595 06 12 25 17 Brazil 12795 09 15 55 30Switzerland 9230 04 11 24 19 Viet Nam 11556 09 14 17 41Canada 8911 15 11 20 -4 Chile 9977 10 12 43 32United Arab Emirates 7438 08 09 13 1 Philippines 8921 15 10 23 13Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 6497 07 08 20 0 Singapore 8671 13 10 34 6Brazil 6207 05 08 46 0 South Africa 8427 11 10 44 17South Africa 4316 06 05 47 13 Switzerland 7837 10 09 8 15Liberia 3300 02 04 32 69 India 6812 06 08 52 20Turkey 3071 04 04 59 20 Brunei Darussalam 5542 04 06 19 40Oman 2796 02 03 34 -11 Oman 5145 05 06 37 14Chile 2346 02 03 103 -14 Mexico 3984 05 05 24 14Israel 2181 02 03 56 23 Iraq 3728 01 04 143 9New Zealand 1925 04 02 26 1 New Zealand 3106 05 04 27 15Marshall Islands 1868 00 02 138 -6 Peru 2393 01 03 28 13Iran Islamic Rep of 1709 02 02 27 -18 Norway 2350 02 03 18 21Pakistan 1699 03 02 30 29 Sudan 2264 04 03 13 86Colombia 1497 01 02 60 20 Nigeria 1657 02 02 1 206Norway 1427 02 02 5 29 Hong Kong China 1543 03 02 38 1Kuwait 1349 02 02 16 -5 Equatorial Guinea 1323 00 02 -54 268Egypt 1344 01 02 7 -8 Israel 1081 02 01 2 30Bangladesh 1075 01 01 34 5 Argentina 1078 01 01 58 8Qatar 1019 02 01 -30 -11 Papua New Guinea 944 01 01 42 -3Argentina 977 01 01 41 14 Egypt 875 00 01 52 90Sri Lanka 945 01 01 209 50 Kazakhstan 763 01 01 81 27

Above 40 806900 983 981 - - Above 40 842964 987 986 - -

a Includes significant shipments recorded as exports to Hong Kong China with China as final destination

Merchandise trade of Japan by origin and destination 2011

Annual percentage

change

Annual percentage

change Share Share

Exports Imports

34 World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Table I15

(Million dollars and percentage)

Value Share Value Share

2010 2010 2005-10 2009 2010 2010 2010 2005-10 2009 2010

European Union (27)

World 1604379 1000 6 -13 4 World 1419238 1000 6 -12 2European Union (27) 899923 561 6 -14 2 European Union (27) 828036 583 5 -12 1United States 168349 105 2 -15 2 United States 172830 122 4 -11 0Switzerland 93115 58 8 -9 4 Switzerland 67897 48 8 -9 2Russian Federation 30531 19 15 -18 19 China 21637 15 12 -15 14China 29521 18 14 -11 11 Japan 19628 14 5 -24 10

Above 5 1221439 761 - - - Above 5 1110028 782 - - -Japan 25812 16 1 -14 5 Russian Federation 18534 13 9 -23 18Norway 24353 15 6 -11 1 Turkey 18200 13 5 -15 14Australia 18874 12 12 -8 13 Norway 13836 10 4 -19 -1Singapore 17505 11 10 -14 13 Singapore 12397 09 11 -17 14Canada 17358 11 9 -11 14 Canada 12229 09 6 -18 9India 14193 09 17 -3 14 India 11420 08 13 -14 13Brazil 12915 08 17 -12 -1 Hong Kong China 9831 07 8 -22 7Hong Kong China 11713 07 2 -24 15 Australia 8914 06 4 -15 11Turkey 10534 07 12 -10 18 Egypt 8783 06 7 -14 10Korea Republic of 9966 06 6 -28 17 Brazil 7475 05 9 -7 -14

Above 15 1384662 863 - - - Above 15 1231647 868 - - -United States

World 532142 1000 8 -6 8 World 369907 1000 6 -7 6European Union (27) 169098 318 -12 -1 European Union (27) 125399 339 -12 2Canada 50521 95 9 -5 18 Bermuda 31740 86 21 36 -6Japan 44750 84 2 -4 12 Canada 25579 69 3 -11 15Mexico 24110 45 2 -11 4 Japan 23541 64 3 -14 12China 21135 40 20 6 32 Switzerland 19665 53 10 -2 6

Above 5 309614 582 - - - Above 5 225924 611 - - -Switzerland 20313 38 12 -5 8 Mexico 13730 37 -1 -13 1Brazil 16515 31 23 8 26 India 13661 37 22 -1 11Korea Republic of 15105 28 10 -1 18 China 9967 27 10 -12 22Australia 13168 25 12 0 10 Korea Republic of 7756 21 6 -12 21Bermuda 11061 21 18 14 1 Hong Kong China 6492 18 5 -20 12India 10319 19 15 -4 5 Taipei Chinese 6330 17 0 -22 24Singapore 9709 18 12 -3 38 Australia 5600 15 4 -6 5Taipei Chinese 9292 17 10 7 44 Brazil 5232 14 22 2 5Hong Kong China 5507 10 8 -1 -4 Israel 4044 11 11 1 3Venezuela Bolivarian Rep of 5013 09 14 3 -3 Singapore 3771 10 1 -9 8

Above 15 425616 800 - - - Above 15 302507 818 - - -China a

World 170248 1000 18 -12 32 World 192174 1000 18 0 22Hong Kong China 49426 290 -11 33 Hong Kong China 33777 176 0 28European Union (27) 18508 109 -19 8 European Union (27) 28500 148 -14 40Japan 11439 67 -12 20 United States 21135 110 -33 35United States 9967 59 -64 22 Japan 18233 95 3 20Taipei Chinese 7568 44 -2 18 Korea Republic of 11233 58 -3 11

Above 5 96908 569 - - - Above 5 112878 587 - - -Korea Republic of 6845 40 -28 22 Australia 8161 42 -14 36Singapore 6186 36 -4 19 Macao China 5304 28 -3 -26Macao China 2920 17 -30 -3 Taipei Chinese 5082 26 12 112Australia 1635 10 -25 49 Singapore 4806 25 17 20

Above 9 114495 673 - - - Above 9 136231 709 - - -

Trade in commercial services of selected economies by origin and destination 2010

Annual percentage change

Annual percentage change

Exports Imports

35World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Table I15 (continued)

(Million dollars and percentage)

Value Share Value Share

2010 2010 2005-10 2009 2010 2010 2010 2005-10 2009 2010

Japan

World 138705 1000 6 -14 10 World 155611 1000 5 -12 6United States 36232 261 -7 6 United States 44530 286 -9 7European Union (27) 33368 241 -21 0 European Union (27) 32374 208 -9 2Singapore 12837 93 -25 23 China 8915 57 -1 2China 10155 73 -13 29 Singapore 8086 52 -24 17Taipei Chinese 9229 67 0 37 Korea Republic of 6652 43 -28 13

Above 5 101819 734 - - - Above 5 100557 646 - - -Indonesia 3451 25 -12 91 Hong Kong China 5466 35 -27 14Korea Republic of 3414 25 -19 -10 Taipei Chinese 4642 30 -16 24Thailand 2951 21 -49 15 Australia 3615 23 -4 6Australia 2607 19 23 -5 Thailand 3051 20 -6 6Switzerland 2257 16 -32 22 Switzerland 2783 18 -16 5Canada 2109 15 -41 3 United Arab Emirates 1971 13 -21 -46India 2071 15 -19 60 Indonesia 1814 12 -4 7Hong Kong China 2061 15 -27 hellip Canada 1687 11 -9 20Brazil 1138 08 12 23 Philippines 1686 11 -14 14Malaysia 1069 08 hellip 122 Russian Federation 1445 09 86 56

Above 15 124945 901 - - - Above 15 128716 827 - - -Hong Kong China b

World 106089 1000 11 -6 23 World 50855 1000 8 -7 16China 29670 280 13 1 30 China 13481 265 8 -3 16United States 22253 210 12 -7 23 European Union (27) 8623 170 -8 14European Union (27) 19552 184 -8 22 United States 7384 145 8 -5 13Japan 6205 58 7 -8 14 Japan 4139 81 7 -13 21Taipei Chinese 4453 42 0 -19 16 Singapore 3055 60 16 -6 20

Above 5 82133 774 - - - Above 5 36682 721 - - -Australia 2881 27 14 -8 23 Australia 2562 50 4 -6 19Singapore 2835 27 10 -4 15 Taipei Chinese 2228 44 10 -5 22Korea Republic of 2531 24 11 -20 28 Canada 1346 26 7 -20 20Canada 1612 15 10 -19 22 Thailand 900 18 -1 -17 13Malaysia 1356 13 12 -11 22 Korea Republic of 892 18 2 -7 19Switzerland 1329 13 16 -3 53 Macao China 804 16 12 2 18India 1264 12 18 4 31 India 802 16 18 -15 26Indonesia 971 09 18 -9 107 Malaysia 769 15 10 2 8Thailand 930 09 5 -10 27 Switzerland 420 08 12 2 21Philippines 788 07 8 -3 15 Philippines 420 08 4 -24 16

Above 15 98630 930 - - - Above 15 47825 940 - - -Korea Republic of

World 86266 1000 12 -19 19 World 94956 1000 10 -17 19China 13728 159 18 -26 41 United States 25642 270 9 -8 19United States 13055 151 3 -18 15 European Union (27) 17884 188 11 -20 12Japan 10780 125 10 -10 27 China 10585 111 11 -19 23European Union (27) 9778 113 8 -34 28 Japan 8972 94 4 -22 20United Arab Emirates 5040 58 53 148 -8 Hong Kong China 4633 49 13 -38 28

Above 5 52381 607 - - - Above 5 67716 713 - - -Hong Kong China 4142 48 8 -28 33 Singapore 3655 38 7 -30 29Singapore 3452 40 20 -23 16 Australia 2387 25 11 -8 44Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 2172 25 26 41 -11 Viet Nam 2100 22 22 -5 33Taipei Chinese 1953 23 6 -40 55 United Arab Emirates 1751 18 29 -2 34India 1649 19 27 13 26 Canada 1569 17 4 -11 21Viet Nam 1532 18 32 -21 13 Indonesia 1520 16 18 -5 28Australia 1394 16 23 76 11 Taipei Chinese 1347 14 11 -19 36Russian Federation 1339 16 24 -47 73 Philippines 1290 14 9 -37 108Thailand 1304 15 7 -15 12 Thailand 1193 13 4 -20 34Malaysia 1004 12 13 -28 50 India 817 09 20 8 15

Above 15 72323 838 - - - Above 15 85344 899 - - -

Trade in commercial services of selected economies by origin and destination 2010

Annual percentage change

Annual percentage change

Exports Imports

36 World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Table I15 (continued)

(Million dollars and percentage)

Value Share Value Share

2010 2010 2005-10 2009 2010 2010 2010 2005-10 2009 2010

Canada World 67432 1000 4 -12 15 World 89963 1000 7 -11 15United States 36726 545 3 -10 14 United States 51903 577 6 -10 17European Union (27) 12064 179 4 -19 20 European Union (27) 14112 157 6 -11 6Japan 1150 17 -1 -24 34 Japan 1358 15 -7 -18 11

Above 3 49941 741 - - - Above 3 67373 749 - - -Russian Federation c

World 44466 1000 12 -19 8 World 71629 1000 14 -20 21European Union (27) 16785 377 11 -22 5 European Union (27) 30923 432 13 -16 16United States 3727 84 11 -2 3 Turkey 4841 68 7 -34 13Ukraine 2202 50 15 -38 5 United States 3825 53 15 -3 4Switzerland 1821 41 11 -8 18 Ukraine 3439 48 11 -9 32Kazakhstan 1499 34 16 -15 8 Egypt 2994 42 25 13 47

Above 5 26034 585 - - - Above 5 46022 642 - - -Turkey 1220 27 6 -45 1 Switzerland 2167 30 17 -6 17British Virgin Islands 1179 27 19 -11 13 China 1362 19 7 -38 37China 992 22 9 -5 20 Belarus 1097 15 21 -20 43Uzbekistan 959 22 34 -26 -10 Panama 1058 15 -6 4Tajikistan 642 14 31 -36 2 Thailand 1000 14 -12 105Belarus 598 13 15 -21 37 United Arab Emirates 876 12 16 -12 32Korea Republic of 555 12 8 -10 3 Kazakhstan 719 10 7 -24 -7Azerbaijan 504 11 20 -14 22 Korea Republic of 674 09 21 21 8Panama 476 11 28 -12 7 Israel 636 09 10 2 7Japan 472 11 -2 -11 6 British Virgin Islands 622 09 31 -31 74

Above 15 33631 756 - - - Above 15 56234 785 - - -Australia

World 46944 1000 9 -9 16 World 50036 1000 11 -15 23European Union (27) 7727 165 4 -9 14 European Union (27) 11497 230 10 -11 28China 5358 114 18 5 28 United States 8625 172 12 -13 15United States 4431 94 6 -13 10 Singapore 3192 64 7 -34 19New Zealand 2989 64 4 -16 19 New Zealand 2450 49 10 -4 11India 2845 61 25 13 0 Japan 2001 40 8 -21 23

Above 5 23349 497 - - - Above 5 27766 555 - - -Singapore 2362 50 5 -29 4 Thailand 1782 36 21 0 2Japan 1894 40 -4 -20 20 Hong Kong China 1761 35 7 -18 24Korea Republic of 1749 37 11 -9 24 Indonesia 1645 33 21 18 49Hong Kong China 1542 33 5 -4 18 China 1497 30 10 -14 33Malaysia 1507 32 9 -1 19 Switzerland 1467 29 15 -28 49Indonesia 1094 23 12 8 23 Fiji 1051 21 14 -10 42Thailand 914 19 13 7 11 Malaysia 1029 21 12 -15 37Viet Nam 857 18 35 32 32 Canada 722 14 8 -19 14Switzerland 751 16 16 -1 23 Viet Nam 638 13 15 -16 36Canada 690 15 11 -11 17 India 593 12 19 -12 15

Above 15 36709 782 - - - Above 15 39951 798 - - -

b Financial intermediation services are not allocated geographically In 2010 they represented 1 per cent of exports and 1 per cent of importsc In 2010 trade in commercial services not allocated geographically accounted for 12 per cent of exports and 15 per cent of importsNote For more information on asymmetries see the Metadata

Trade in commercial services of selected economies by origin and destination 2010

Annual percentage change

Annual percentage change

Exports Imports

a ASEAN countries accounted for 7 per cent of total commercial services exports and 9 per cent of imports

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5 Regional trade agreements

Table I16

(Million dollars and percentage)

Destination Value Value Value

2011 2005 2011 2010 2011 2011 2005 2011 2010 2011 2011 2005 2011 2010 2011

Exports

CanadaAgricultural products 60 114 133 19 15 31 89 91 17 12 29 255 254 22 19Fuels and mining products 154 257 341 31 27 126 270 373 31 24 28 186 247 32 41Manufactures 204 572 451 19 10 164 586 487 20 10 40 496 346 14 9Total exports 452 1000 1000 23 17 337 1000 1000 22 15 115 1000 1000 23 23

MexicoAgricultural products 23 59 66 13 22 18 55 63 14 20 5 81 78 12 31Fuels and mining products 69 167 198 38 39 54 152 188 34 35 16 274 244 53 55Manufactures 247 770 707 30 11 206 788 720 29 9 41 642 647 33 24Total exports 350 1000 1000 30 17 286 1000 1000 29 14 64 1000 1000 35 31

United StatesAgricultural products 168 92 114 19 18 46 78 96 13 17 122 100 122 22 18Fuels and mining products 185 56 125 45 44 58 67 121 53 47 127 50 127 42 43Manufactures 1048 810 708 18 11 361 828 753 22 12 687 800 686 16 10Total exports 1480 1000 1000 21 16 479 1000 1000 24 16 1001 1000 1000 20 16

NAFTAAgricultural products 251 93 110 19 18 95 77 86 14 16 157 113 133 22 19Fuels and mining products 409 121 179 38 36 238 162 216 36 32 171 71 145 41 44Manufactures 1499 746 657 20 11 731 730 663 24 11 768 768 651 16 11Total exports 2282 1000 1000 23 16 1102 1000 1000 25 15 1180 1000 1000 21 17

Imports

CanadaAgricultural products 37 68 81 12 14 23 70 88 10 12 15 66 72 17 18Fuels and mining products 70 120 152 34 34 28 73 108 37 37 43 194 209 32 31Manufactures 334 789 722 21 11 199 835 769 23 11 135 715 663 17 12Total imports 463 1000 1000 22 15 259 1000 1000 23 13 204 1000 1000 21 17

MexicoAgricultural products 30 74 83 16 24 24 102 125 16 24 6 38 37 18 27Fuels and mining products 47 80 130 52 42 35 96 186 56 53 12 58 67 43 17Manufactures 276 835 765 27 12 128 799 675 26 12 148 882 865 28 12Total imports 361 1000 1000 28 16 190 1000 1000 28 20 171 1000 1000 29 13

United StatesAgricultural products 137 55 61 16 18 47 77 79 17 13 91 47 54 15 20Fuels and mining products 523 194 231 31 28 175 233 299 31 27 348 180 207 31 29Manufactures 1523 715 672 22 11 335 639 572 27 9 1188 743 707 21 12Total imports 2266 1000 1000 23 15 586 1000 1000 26 14 1680 1000 1000 22 15

NAFTAAgricultural products 205 59 66 15 18 93 79 90 15 15 111 48 54 15 20Fuels and mining products 640 172 207 33 30 238 170 230 35 31 402 173 196 31 29Manufactures 2133 738 691 22 11 662 714 640 25 10 1471 750 716 21 12Total imports 3090 1000 1000 23 15 1034 1000 1000 25 15 2055 1000 1000 22 15

NAFTA Other origindestination

Annual percentage

change

Merchandise trade of NAFTA countries by major product group and by origindestination 2011

Annual percentage

change Share Share Share

Annual percentage

change

World

38 World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Table I17

(Million dollars and percentage)

Destination Value Value Value

2011 2005 2011 2010 2011 2011 2005 2011 2010 2011 2011 2005 2011 2010 2011

Exports Argentina

Agricultural products 45 475 539 23 31 5 234 238 25 34 40 532 638 23 30Fuels and mining products 8 195 97 7 -1 2 181 117 -5 23 6 198 91 1 0Manufactures 26 304 314 23 20 13 585 645 30 16 13 238 206 16 25Total exports 84 1000 1000 22 23 21 1000 1000 24 21 63 1000 1000 22 24

BrazilAgricultural products 86 296 338 19 26 2 57 54 26 19 85 322 372 19 26Fuels and mining products 78 160 304 72 38 4 77 142 8 59 74 169 324 143 0Manufactures 84 521 328 22 18 22 865 803 50 19 62 483 270 15 18Total exports 256 1000 1000 32 27 28 1000 1000 43 23 228 1000 1000 31 27

ParaguayAgricultural products 5 846 875 43 20 2 841 843 44 27 2 852 908 42 15Fuels and mining products 0 14 17 103 141 0 21 18 68 149 0 05 15 525 0Manufactures 1 138 107 42 22 0 138 139 39 30 0 138 74 48 10Total exports 6 1000 1000 43 22 3 1000 1000 43 28 3 1000 1000 43 15

UruguayAgricultural products 6 634 722 22 18 1 348 406 24 5 5 719 860 22 21Fuels and mining products 0 53 10 131 -59 0 41 27 405 -63 0 56 03 -67 0Manufactures 2 296 256 24 28 1 612 567 37 32 1 202 121 5 20Total exports 8 1000 1000 24 18 2 1000 1000 39 12 6 1000 1000 18 21

MERCOSURAgricultural products 142 353 403 21 27 10 166 182 29 26 132 380 442 21 27Fuels and mining products 86 165 244 60 33 6 111 121 5 39 80 173 266 121 0Manufactures 113 459 320 23 19 37 723 697 42 18 76 420 252 15 19Total exports 353 1000 1000 29 26 54 1000 1000 35 22 300 1000 1000 29 26

ImportsArgentina

Agricultural products 3 43 35 9 21 1 55 42 -14 17 2 36 31 31 23Fuels and mining products 12 84 156 75 92 3 101 110 69 35 9 73 176 288 0Manufactures 59 863 794 44 23 19 844 848 49 21 39 877 770 42 24Total imports 74 1000 1000 46 31 23 1000 1000 46 22 51 1000 1000 46 35

BrazilAgricultural products 14 59 60 33 25 6 284 286 21 22 8 35 38 44 26Fuels and mining products 52 222 220 63 36 2 162 97 14 18 50 228 231 127 0Manufactures 171 719 720 40 20 13 553 616 41 10 158 737 730 39 21Total imports 237 1000 1000 43 24 21 1000 1000 32 14 216 1000 1000 45 25

ParaguayAgricultural products 1 94 80 31 22 1 155 135 25 17 0 44 40 56 38Fuels and mining products 2 155 140 19 37 1 207 214 52 27 1 111 86 28 0Manufactures 10 751 779 51 20 3 637 650 52 26 6 845 872 51 18Total imports 12 1000 1000 45 23 5 1000 1000 47 25 7 1000 1000 43 21

UruguayAgricultural products 1 112 132 23 37 1 180 230 12 45 0 63 70 49 23Fuels and mining products 2 259 215 0 33 1 105 164 -74 236 2 370 248 68 0Manufactures 7 629 652 34 21 3 716 606 27 13 4 567 681 39 26Total imports 11 1000 1000 25 24 4 1000 1000 -1 34 7 1000 1000 46 19

MERCOSURAgricultural products 19 58 57 28 25 9 148 162 15 23 11 36 38 42 26Fuels and mining products 68 186 202 59 43 6 130 120 18 36 61 200 218 137 0Manufactures 246 754 736 41 21 38 722 718 45 17 207 761 740 40 22Total imports 334 1000 1000 43 25 53 1000 1000 36 20 280 1000 1000 45 26

MERCOSUR Other origindestination

Annual percentage

change

Merchandise trade of MERCOSUR countries by major product group and by origindestination 2011

Annual percentage

change Share Share Share

Annual percentage

change

World

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Table I18

(Million dollars and percentage)

Destination Value Value Value

2011 2005 2011 2010 2011 2011 2005 2011 2010 2011 2011 2005 2011 2010 2011

Exports Bolivia Plurinational State of

Agricultural products 1 220 132 -1 10 0 799 595 -5 6 1 148 88 3 13Fuels and mining products 7 642 801 36 39 0 104 364 103 49 6 709 842 35 38Manufactures 0 109 39 41 -18 0 94 41 12 10 0 111 38 44 -21Total exports 8 1000 1000 28 32 1 1000 1000 13 18 8 1000 1000 30 34

ColombiaAgricultural products 7 217 124 -3 23 0 93 100 22 23 7 231 125 -4 23Fuels and mining products 37 406 652 42 60 0 254 143 173 -9 37 422 685 41 62Manufactures 10 347 174 -3 14 3 653 756 31 17 7 314 137 -11 13Total exports 57 1000 1000 21 43 3 1000 1000 43 13 54 1000 1000 20 46

EcuadorAgricultural products 7 318 334 7 25 0 143 166 2 47 7 345 358 7 24Fuels and mining products 13 586 585 39 33 1 567 530 48 33 12 588 592 38 33Manufactures 2 71 75 40 0 1 290 302 26 16 1 38 43 55 -12Total exports 22 1000 1000 26 28 3 1000 1000 32 29 20 1000 1000 25 27

PeruAgricultural products 8 182 170 22 33 0 165 199 17 38 7 183 169 22 32Fuels and mining products 23 486 495 49 29 1 372 276 50 -1 22 491 507 49 31Manufactures 5 141 106 17 28 1 464 526 23 21 4 125 84 15 31Total exports 46 1000 1000 32 30 2 1000 1000 29 17 44 1000 1000 32 31

Andean CommunityAgricultural products 23 225 175 7 26 2 168 183 6 27 22 231 175 7 26Fuels and mining products 80 481 596 43 44 3 358 309 69 16 77 493 617 42 45Manufactures 17 210 126 6 15 5 474 507 28 18 12 185 97 0 14Total exports 134 1000 1000 26 35 9 1000 1000 34 19 125 1000 1000 26 36

Imports Bolivia Plurinational State of

Agricultural products 1 116 89 7 49 0 158 186 19 101 1 112 80 5 41Fuels and mining products 1 111 147 38 62 0 45 50 63 7 1 118 157 37 65Manufactures 6 762 761 23 39 1 793 763 18 25 5 759 760 23 41Total imports 8 1000 1000 18 42 1 1000 1000 20 33 7 1000 1000 18 43

ColombiaAgricultural products 6 104 105 19 27 1 298 212 1 13 5 90 97 23 30Fuels and mining products 5 52 88 59 66 0 129 105 52 26 4 47 87 60 70Manufactures 44 832 796 22 33 2 572 683 31 39 41 851 804 21 33Total imports 55 1000 1000 24 34 4 1000 1000 24 31 51 1000 1000 24 35

EcuadorAgricultural products 2 87 98 21 23 1 96 178 31 25 2 86 86 19 23Fuels and mining products 6 123 236 62 24 0 248 145 69 -21 5 98 249 61 31Manufactures 16 723 663 32 15 2 655 676 34 6 14 737 661 31 17Total imports 24 1000 1000 36 18 3 1000 1000 39 4 21 1000 1000 36 20

PeruAgricultural products 4 132 118 33 25 0 129 137 16 9 4 133 116 36 27Fuels and mining products 6 207 167 40 37 2 579 544 45 27 4 145 127 38 42Manufactures 27 660 707 38 24 1 291 318 35 9 26 722 748 38 24Total imports 38 1000 1000 38 26 4 1000 1000 36 18 34 1000 1000 38 27

Andean CommunityAgricultural products 13 108 106 23 27 2 166 176 13 19 11 101 100 25 28Fuels and mining products 18 113 145 51 40 3 321 257 51 15 15 87 134 51 46Manufactures 92 758 741 28 27 6 513 566 32 19 86 789 758 28 28Total imports 125 1000 1000 30 29 11 1000 1000 32 18 114 1000 1000 30 30

Andean Community Other origindestination

Annual percentage

change

Merchandise trade of Andean Community countries by major product group and by origindestination 2011

Annual percentage

change Share Share Share

Annual percentage

change

World

40 World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Table I19

(Million dollars and percentage)

Destination Value a

Value Value

2011 2005 2011 2010 2011 2011 2005 2011 2010 2011 2011 2005 2011 2010 2011

Exports Indonesia

Agricultural products 47 167 237 39 32 8 126 186 44 23 40 176 250 38 34Fuels and mining products 84 361 416 39 34 17 245 414 37 39 66 388 417 40 33Manufactures 67 469 336 22 15 16 621 382 26 9 52 435 324 21 17Total exports 201 1000 1000 32 27 42 1000 1000 32 24 159 1000 1000 32 28

MalaysiaAgricultural products 39 95 171 38 35 7 69 122 36 33 32 104 187 39 35Fuels and mining products 46 146 202 38 30 12 195 216 22 17 34 129 197 46 35Manufactures 141 749 620 22 6 37 721 655 24 6 104 759 609 21 6Total exports 227 1000 1000 26 14 56 1000 1000 25 11 171 1000 1000 27 15

PhilippinesAgricultural products 5 66 112 30 31 1 55 88 28 39 5 68 117 30 30Fuels and mining products 4 41 85 43 28 1 65 148 47 41 3 36 71 42 22Manufactures 39 890 798 34 -12 7 879 764 111 -35 32 893 805 20 -5Total exports 48 1000 1000 34 -6 9 1000 1000 98 -25 40 1000 1000 23 -1

SingaporeAgricultural products 10 19 25 26 30 4 25 33 24 36 6 17 21 28 25Fuels and mining products 86 130 211 37 42 42 175 324 48 51 45 109 159 29 35Manufactures 283 805 692 28 11 80 783 621 23 11 203 815 724 31 11Total exports 410 1000 1000 30 16 129 1000 1000 30 21 280 1000 1000 30 14

ThailandAgricultural products 48 160 208 26 35 9 126 164 41 29 39 170 222 22 37Fuels and mining products 16 55 70 29 33 9 133 175 47 37 7 34 38 10 26Manufactures 159 760 696 29 13 36 724 659 33 18 123 770 708 28 11Total exports 229 1000 1000 28 17 54 1000 1000 36 22 175 1000 1000 26 16

ASEANAgricultural products 177 95 142 32 33 33 69 105 37 27 144 104 155 31 35Fuels and mining products 267 161 215 34 36 95 200 300 35 38 172 148 186 34 35Manufactures 758 721 610 28 11 183 717 582 29 10 575 722 620 27 11Total exports 1242 1000 1000 29 18 315 1000 1000 32 18 928 1000 1000 28 18

ImportsIndonesia

Agricultural products 22 88 126 42 43 4 45 87 63 83 18 108 142 39 36Fuels and mining products 47 257 266 50 46 22 388 434 61 41 25 195 197 41 51Manufactures 106 654 597 40 23 24 566 478 33 18 81 697 645 42 25Total imports 177 1000 1000 44 31 51 1000 1000 45 31 126 1000 1000 44 30

MalaysiaAgricultural products 21 63 113 30 32 9 86 173 37 33 12 55 90 26 31Fuels and mining products 33 117 174 60 31 15 204 282 48 37 18 87 133 70 27Manufactures 130 788 692 30 8 28 688 529 44 4 102 822 755 26 9Total imports 188 1000 1000 33 14 52 1000 1000 44 16 136 1000 1000 29 13

PhilippinesAgricultural products 7 78 110 22 3 2 125 132 49 -28 5 67 104 8 24Fuels and mining products 15 156 233 31 22 3 215 207 58 -24 12 142 241 20 46Manufactures 42 764 657 27 7 10 654 660 33 4 32 789 656 25 8Total imports 64 1000 1000 27 9 15 1000 1000 41 -8 49 1000 1000 23 16

SingaporeAgricultural products 14 32 38 24 26 5 49 70 24 26 8 26 29 24 27Fuels and mining products 126 192 344 34 47 26 160 336 17 59 100 204 347 39 44Manufactures 220 761 601 24 9 45 781 581 31 -5 174 754 606 22 13Total imports 366 1000 1000 26 18 78 1000 1000 26 5 288 1000 1000 26 22

ThailandAgricultural products 15 60 66 28 27 3 64 67 24 30 13 59 66 29 26Fuels and mining products 54 216 236 33 34 12 284 297 13 31 42 200 223 40 35Manufactures 143 695 624 36 17 25 612 629 25 15 118 715 623 38 17Total imports 228 1000 1000 37 25 39 1000 1000 22 20 189 1000 1000 41 26

ASEANAgricultural products 95 60 83 30 30 29 71 109 35 30 66 56 75 29 30Fuels and mining products 292 186 253 37 40 86 239 322 31 39 206 168 233 39 40Manufactures 734 736 637 29 14 150 675 560 31 7 584 756 660 28 16Total imports 1152 1000 1000 31 21 267 1000 1000 31 16 885 1000 1000 31 23

ASEAN Other origindestination

Annual percentage

change

Merchandise trade of ASEAN countries by major product group and by origindestination 2011

Annual percentage

change Share Share Share

Annual percentage

change

World

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6 Least-developed countries

Table I20

(Million dollars and percentage)

2010 2005 2010 2005 2010 2005 2010

LDCs 609400 31 30 28 27 3 3Afghanistan 17243 hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellipAngola 82471 86 62 85 61 1 1Bangladesh 100357 16 20 15 19 1 1Benin 6558 18 25 13 20 4 5Bhutan 1516 31 40 26 36 5 4Burkina Faso 8825 10 21 9 18 1 3Burundi 2027 6 5 5 5 1 0Cambodia 11242 63 61 46 46 17 15Central African Republic 1985 11 hellip 9 7 1 hellipChad 8541 59 hellip 58 41 1 hellipComoros 541 14 14 4 4 10 10Congo Dem Rep of 13110 35 67 33 65 1 2Djibouti 1129 19 21 6 8 13 13Equatorial Guinea 14500 86 hellip 86 73 0 hellipEritrea 2117 hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellipEthiopia 29684 14 15 7 8 6 7Gambia 1050 29 24 16 16 13 8Guinea 4736 30 32 29 31 1 1Guinea-Bissau 835 16 20 16 15 1 5Haiti 6635 13 11 11 8 2 3Kiribati 151 14 hellip 5 3 9 hellipLao Peoples Dem Rep 7181 27 31 20 24 7 7Lesotho 2179 49 41 46 39 2 2Liberia 988 39 28 24 24 15 4Madagascar 8721 25 24 17 12 8 11Malawi 5054 23 28 20 25 4 3Mali 9422 26 26 21 22 5 4Mauritania 3614 31 60 29 58 3 2Mozambique 9209 31 32 27 25 5 6Myanmar 45380 33 18 31 17 2 1Nepal 16014 14 9 11 6 3 4Niger 5411 17 24 14 21 2 2Rwanda 5624 8 10 5 5 3 4Samoa 595 30 33 3 6 27 27Sao Tome and Principe 201 14 12 6 6 8 6Senegal 12855 26 24 18 17 8 7Sierra Leone 1910 21 22 15 19 6 3Solomon Islands 679 34 49 25 33 9 15Somalia hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellipSudan 66997 18 17 18 17 0 0Tanzania 22915 21 28 12 19 9 9Timor-Leste 875 hellip 5 hellip 2 hellip 3Togo 3176 37 40 30 31 7 9Tuvalu 31 hellip hellip hellip hellip 8 hellipUganda 17197 16 19 11 13 5 6Vanuatu 689 44 47 10 7 34 39Yemen 31043 40 29 38 25 2 5Zambia 16193 34 48 31 46 3 2

Memorandum item

World 63134700 28 30 23 24 5 6Note Trade in goods is derived from balance of payments statistics and does not correspond to the merchandise trade statistics given elsewhere in this report See the Metadata

Ratio of exports of goods and commercial services to GDP of the least-developed countries 2010

Commercial services

Value Ratio to GDP

Goods and commercial servicesGDP Goods

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Value Value

2011 2005-11 2009 2010 2011 2011 2005-11 2009 2010 2011

LDCs 202559 20 -24 27 25 205856 19 -5 10 22Oil Exporters aAngola 65500 22 -36 24 29 22000 21 8 -26 32Equatorial Guinea 13300 13 -40 9 34 6000 36 33 10 5Yemen 11600 16 -17 34 38 8500 10 -13 0 -8Sudan 9694 15 -29 38 -15 9231 6 4 4 -8Myanmar 9330 20 -3 30 7 8000 33 2 9 66Chad 4600 8 -33 25 31 2400 20 0 5 14Bhutan 650 20 -5 29 1 950 20 -3 61 11Exporters of manufacturesBangladesh 24436 21 -2 27 27 36188 21 -8 27 30Cambodia 6950 18 -11 23 35 9300 19 -10 16 37Madagascar 1590 13 -20 2 48 2850 11 -15 -21 13Lesotho 1100 11 -17 20 25 2600 13 3 24 13Nepal 919 1 -12 4 7 5774 20 22 17 12Haiti 770 10 20 0 33 2900 15 -8 48 -8Samoa 54 -9 -36 29 -9 346 8 -20 34 12Exporters of agricultureEthiopia 2615 24 1 44 12 8896 17 -7 12 3Uganda 2200 22 -9 3 36 5360 21 -6 10 15Burkina Faso 2000 34 30 43 55 2600 16 -7 10 27Benin 1800 25 -4 13 29 2700 22 -10 5 25Malawi 1427 23 35 -10 34 2426 16 -8 7 12Togo 1100 11 -6 0 38 1700 10 0 -1 13Rwanda 464 30 -13 27 56 1776 33 11 9 24Somalia 450 12 0 7 0 1100 12 -16 12 31Solomon Islands 413 32 -21 36 85 467 20 -9 43 15Liberia 358 22 -39 49 61 1044 28 -32 29 47Afghanistan 350 -2 -25 -4 -10 6300 21 10 54 22Guinea-Bissau 230 21 -5 -1 92 300 23 16 -4 36Central African Republic 160 5 -20 17 14 380 17 -10 11 27Burundi 125 17 17 50 23 752 23 0 26 48Gambia 95 64 383 -47 171 344 6 -6 -6 21Vanuatu 64 11 0 -15 31 288 14 -6 -4 2Comoros 25 16 129 38 22 277 23 17 11 19Kiribati 20 36 40 -29 33 110 8 -8 8 50Sao Tome and Principe 11 10 -24 36 0 125 20 -9 9 11Exporters of non-fuel mineralsZambia 9015 38 -15 67 25 7178 23 -24 39 35Congo Dem Rep of 6600 22 -20 51 25 5500 15 -9 15 22Tanzania 5098 25 -4 45 18 10724 27 -17 22 37Mozambique 3600 15 -30 57 24 6300 21 -6 22 37Mauritania 2769 35 -24 52 34 2464 12 -23 29 27Lao Peoples Dem Rep 2400 34 -4 66 37 2700 25 4 41 31Mali 2391 17 -15 13 20 3250 16 -26 15 14Guinea 1630 14 -22 40 11 2106 21 -22 33 50Niger 1250 21 10 4 20 2400 21 30 5 4Eritrea 400 104 0 9 hellip 900 13 -2 17 30Sierra Leone 350 17 7 48 2 1708 38 -3 48 122OthersSenegal 2542 10 -7 7 18 5909 11 -28 1 24Djibouti 95 19 13 10 12 410 8 -21 -19 13Tuvalu 0 37 50 0 0 25 14 -47 14 56Timor-Leste 20 20 -35 96 20 300 22 10 1 1Memorandum item World b 18255000 12 -22 22 20 18438000 11 -23 21 19

b Includes significant re-exports or imports for re-export

Table I21

Note Data for 2011 are largely estimated

Annual percentage change Annual percentage change

Merchandise exports and imports of least-developed countries 2011

(Million dollars and percentage)

Exports Imports

a Bhutan is included for its exports of electric current

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Value Value

2011 2005-11 2009 2010 2011 2011 2005-11 2009 2010 2011

LDCs 202559 20 -24 27 25 205856 19 -5 10 22Oil Exporters aAngola 65500 22 -36 24 29 22000 21 8 -26 32Equatorial Guinea 13300 13 -40 9 34 6000 36 33 10 5Yemen 11600 16 -17 34 38 8500 10 -13 0 -8Sudan 9694 15 -29 38 -15 9231 6 4 4 -8Myanmar 9330 20 -3 30 7 8000 33 2 9 66Chad 4600 8 -33 25 31 2400 20 0 5 14Bhutan 650 20 -5 29 1 950 20 -3 61 11Exporters of manufacturesBangladesh 24436 21 -2 27 27 36188 21 -8 27 30Cambodia 6950 18 -11 23 35 9300 19 -10 16 37Madagascar 1590 13 -20 2 48 2850 11 -15 -21 13Lesotho 1100 11 -17 20 25 2600 13 3 24 13Nepal 919 1 -12 4 7 5774 20 22 17 12Haiti 770 10 20 0 33 2900 15 -8 48 -8Samoa 54 -9 -36 29 -9 346 8 -20 34 12Exporters of agricultureEthiopia 2615 24 1 44 12 8896 17 -7 12 3Uganda 2200 22 -9 3 36 5360 21 -6 10 15Burkina Faso 2000 34 30 43 55 2600 16 -7 10 27Benin 1800 25 -4 13 29 2700 22 -10 5 25Malawi 1427 23 35 -10 34 2426 16 -8 7 12Togo 1100 11 -6 0 38 1700 10 0 -1 13Rwanda 464 30 -13 27 56 1776 33 11 9 24Somalia 450 12 0 7 0 1100 12 -16 12 31Solomon Islands 413 32 -21 36 85 467 20 -9 43 15Liberia 358 22 -39 49 61 1044 28 -32 29 47Afghanistan 350 -2 -25 -4 -10 6300 21 10 54 22Guinea-Bissau 230 21 -5 -1 92 300 23 16 -4 36Central African Republic 160 5 -20 17 14 380 17 -10 11 27Burundi 125 17 17 50 23 752 23 0 26 48Gambia 95 64 383 -47 171 344 6 -6 -6 21Vanuatu 64 11 0 -15 31 288 14 -6 -4 2Comoros 25 16 129 38 22 277 23 17 11 19Kiribati 20 36 40 -29 33 110 8 -8 8 50Sao Tome and Principe 11 10 -24 36 0 125 20 -9 9 11Exporters of non-fuel mineralsZambia 9015 38 -15 67 25 7178 23 -24 39 35Congo Dem Rep of 6600 22 -20 51 25 5500 15 -9 15 22Tanzania 5098 25 -4 45 18 10724 27 -17 22 37Mozambique 3600 15 -30 57 24 6300 21 -6 22 37Mauritania 2769 35 -24 52 34 2464 12 -23 29 27Lao Peoples Dem Rep 2400 34 -4 66 37 2700 25 4 41 31Mali 2391 17 -15 13 20 3250 16 -26 15 14Guinea 1630 14 -22 40 11 2106 21 -22 33 50Niger 1250 21 10 4 20 2400 21 30 5 4Eritrea 400 104 0 9 hellip 900 13 -2 17 30Sierra Leone 350 17 7 48 2 1708 38 -3 48 122OthersSenegal 2542 10 -7 7 18 5909 11 -28 1 24Djibouti 95 19 13 10 12 410 8 -21 -19 13Tuvalu 0 37 50 0 0 25 14 -47 14 56Timor-Leste 20 20 -35 96 20 300 22 10 1 1Memorandum item World b 18255000 12 -22 22 20 18438000 11 -23 21 19

b Includes significant re-exports or imports for re-export

Table I21

Note Data for 2011 are largely estimated

Annual percentage change Annual percentage change

Merchandise exports and imports of least-developed countries 2011

(Million dollars and percentage)

Exports Imports

a Bhutan is included for its exports of electric current

Value Value

2011 2005-11 2009 2010 2011 2011 2005-11 2009 2010 2011

LDCs 202559 20 -24 27 25 205856 19 -5 10 22Oil Exporters aAngola 65500 22 -36 24 29 22000 21 8 -26 32Equatorial Guinea 13300 13 -40 9 34 6000 36 33 10 5Yemen 11600 16 -17 34 38 8500 10 -13 0 -8Sudan 9694 15 -29 38 -15 9231 6 4 4 -8Myanmar 9330 20 -3 30 7 8000 33 2 9 66Chad 4600 8 -33 25 31 2400 20 0 5 14Bhutan 650 20 -5 29 1 950 20 -3 61 11Exporters of manufacturesBangladesh 24436 21 -2 27 27 36188 21 -8 27 30Cambodia 6950 18 -11 23 35 9300 19 -10 16 37Madagascar 1590 13 -20 2 48 2850 11 -15 -21 13Lesotho 1100 11 -17 20 25 2600 13 3 24 13Nepal 919 1 -12 4 7 5774 20 22 17 12Haiti 770 10 20 0 33 2900 15 -8 48 -8Samoa 54 -9 -36 29 -9 346 8 -20 34 12Exporters of agricultureEthiopia 2615 24 1 44 12 8896 17 -7 12 3Uganda 2200 22 -9 3 36 5360 21 -6 10 15Burkina Faso 2000 34 30 43 55 2600 16 -7 10 27Benin 1800 25 -4 13 29 2700 22 -10 5 25Malawi 1427 23 35 -10 34 2426 16 -8 7 12Togo 1100 11 -6 0 38 1700 10 0 -1 13Rwanda 464 30 -13 27 56 1776 33 11 9 24Somalia 450 12 0 7 0 1100 12 -16 12 31Solomon Islands 413 32 -21 36 85 467 20 -9 43 15Liberia 358 22 -39 49 61 1044 28 -32 29 47Afghanistan 350 -2 -25 -4 -10 6300 21 10 54 22Guinea-Bissau 230 21 -5 -1 92 300 23 16 -4 36Central African Republic 160 5 -20 17 14 380 17 -10 11 27Burundi 125 17 17 50 23 752 23 0 26 48Gambia 95 64 383 -47 171 344 6 -6 -6 21Vanuatu 64 11 0 -15 31 288 14 -6 -4 2Comoros 25 16 129 38 22 277 23 17 11 19Kiribati 20 36 40 -29 33 110 8 -8 8 50Sao Tome and Principe 11 10 -24 36 0 125 20 -9 9 11Exporters of non-fuel mineralsZambia 9015 38 -15 67 25 7178 23 -24 39 35Congo Dem Rep of 6600 22 -20 51 25 5500 15 -9 15 22Tanzania 5098 25 -4 45 18 10724 27 -17 22 37Mozambique 3600 15 -30 57 24 6300 21 -6 22 37Mauritania 2769 35 -24 52 34 2464 12 -23 29 27Lao Peoples Dem Rep 2400 34 -4 66 37 2700 25 4 41 31Mali 2391 17 -15 13 20 3250 16 -26 15 14Guinea 1630 14 -22 40 11 2106 21 -22 33 50Niger 1250 21 10 4 20 2400 21 30 5 4Eritrea 400 104 0 9 hellip 900 13 -2 17 30Sierra Leone 350 17 7 48 2 1708 38 -3 48 122OthersSenegal 2542 10 -7 7 18 5909 11 -28 1 24Djibouti 95 19 13 10 12 410 8 -21 -19 13Tuvalu 0 37 50 0 0 25 14 -47 14 56Timor-Leste 20 20 -35 96 20 300 22 10 1 1Memorandum item World b 18255000 12 -22 22 20 18438000 11 -23 21 19

b Includes significant re-exports or imports for re-export

Table I21

Note Data for 2011 are largely estimated

Annual percentage change Annual percentage change

Merchandise exports and imports of least-developed countries 2011

(Million dollars and percentage)

Exports Imports

a Bhutan is included for its exports of electric current

Table I21 (continued)

44 World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Table I22

(Million dollars and percentage)

Value Value Value

2011 2010 2011 2011 2010 2011 2011 2010 2011

A Agricultural products

Total LDCs 5761 5 33 Total LDCs 9577 24 32 Total LDCs 878 17 10Ethiopia 814 27 42 Myanmar 2500 10 8 Liberia 196 52 22Uganda 600 -3 23 Tanzania 621 24 15 Ethiopia 143 13 16Tanzania 492 -4 26 Bangladesh 594 40 50 Bangladesh 107 5 -22Senegal 463 9 46 Solomon Islands 464 52 28 Malawi 61 7 -16Bangladesh 447 18 21 Madagascar 456 3 385 Tanzania 48 -30 56Togo 403 -19 44 Lao Peoples Dem Rep 453 43 75 Togo 43 18 269Malawi 320 -4 4 Benin 416 2 94 Uganda 43 43 1Madagascar 317 8 4 Burkina Faso 373 28 48 Madagascar 39 -5 -9Mozambique 312 4 55 Mozambique 363 53 20 Haiti 32 -21 43Mauritania 178 -28 61 Ethiopia 352 42 -2 Rwanda 32 35 56Zambia 169 -4 49 Cambodia 308 95 55 Sudan 27 4 12Others (38) 1247 19 40 Others (38) 2676 25 37 Others (38) 109 53 -3

B Fuels and mining products

Total LDCs 19802 10 67 Total LDCs 70073 44 21 Total LDCs 23021 20 17Angola 8964 -25 80 Angola 30970 54 11 Angola 16200 26 18Equatorial Guinea 5448 51 85 Sudan 12258 25 42 Chad 3239 3 54Mozambique 1485 115 -7 Yemen 7413 65 14 Equatorial Guinea 1722 0 -39Mauritania 905 63 54 Myanmar 3467 4 18 Yemen 644 hellip 190Yemen 545 hellip 193 Zambia 3461 72 10 Congo 599 62 14Congo 526 88 58 Equatorial Guinea 3404 -34 94 Niger 289 -76 hellipGuinea 482 8 -3 Congo 3246 100 26 Guinea 167 1 10Zambia 352 -43 393 Lao Peoples Dem Rep 1578 71 44 Madagascar 56 110 58Others (41) 1096 83 72 Others (41) 4276 60 23 Others (41) 106 50 -34

C Manufactures

Total LDCs 16445 2 38 Total LDCs 5735 23 68 Total LDCs 11564 17 18Bangladesh 11477 7 38 Bangladesh 1806 41 61 Bangladesh 6222 17 16Cambodia 1704 6 52 Myanmar 1659 31 150 Cambodia 3392 22 22Madagascar 427 -5 31 Cambodia 591 79 37 Haiti 758 3 32Niger 393 -15 52 Nepal 407 30 0 Lesotho 408 3 24Lesotho 339 31 84 Senegal 332 -26 110 Angola 169 173 26Angola 268 -53 152 Bhutan 167 33 8 Malawi 137 463 72Equatorial Guinea 215 -75 hellip Angola 118 -83 218 Equatorial Guinea 129 85 -13Congo 203 -7 42 Lao Peoples Dem Rep 111 48 30 Nepal 95 12 22Lao Peoples Dem Rep 200 10 19 Ethiopia 70 63 113 Madagascar 61 -65 -28Myanmar 193 -3 5 Tanzania 61 28 58 Lao Peoples Dem Rep 59 39 -14Ethiopia 147 -8 105 Yemen 54 105 62 Tanzania 16 62 2Liberia 130 -69 -40 Madagascar 49 4 81 Sierra Leone 16 25 79Vanuatu 129 hellip -49 Samoa 33 14 -21 Ethiopia 13 -10 35Others (36) 618 10 29 Others (36) 277 -2 61 Others (36) 88 48 -16

a Australia China Hong Kong China India Indonesia Japan Korea Republic of Malaysia New Zealand Pakistan Philippines Singapore Taipei Chinese and Thailand

Annual percentage

change

Annual percentage

change

Annual percentage

change

Imports of agricultural products fuels and manufactures of the European Union (27) Asia and North America from the least-developed countries 2011

European Union (27) Asia a North America

45World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Table I23

(Million dollars and percentage)

2010 2005 2010 2005 2010 2005 2010

Least developed countries 18700 228 215 528 524 244 261Afghanistan hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellipAngola 857 102 50 499 839 399 111Bangladesh 1209 238 144 148 67 614 789Benin 348 183 291 577 429 240 280Bhutan 67 hellip 353 hellip 600 hellip 47Burkina Faso 267 21 163 712 270 267 567Burundi 7 256 102 222 242 522 656Cambodia 1671 119 135 789 754 91 111Central African Republic hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellipChad hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellipComoros 56 121 70 610 630 270 300Congo Dem Rep of 291 120 305 33 37 847 658Djibouti 149 791 772 75 121 134 107Equatorial Guinea hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellipEritrea hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellipEthiopia 1991 590 591 213 262 197 147Gambia 88 194 417 708 358 99 225Guinea 61 344 63 hellip 34 656 903Guinea-Bissau 42 106 00 349 315 545 685Haiti 183 hellip hellip 896 910 104 90Kiribati hellip 411 hellip 318 hellip 271 hellipLao Peoples Dem Rep 489 177 105 754 781 69 115Lesotho 44 25 16 848 788 127 196Liberia 40 136 557 829 311 35 131Madagascar 980 282 303 437 313 282 384Malawi 137 287 hellip 654 hellip 59 hellipMali 356 138 20 585 575 276 404Mauritania 86 hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellipMozambique 576 283 282 411 342 306 375Myanmar 331 504 448 285 217 211 335Nepal 584 120 68 484 590 396 342Niger 126 101 66 512 838 387 96Rwanda 243 361 109 586 829 53 62Samoa 158 42 46 697 776 261 178Sao Tome and Principe 12 16 16 812 812 172 172Senegal 939 184 49 351 482 465 469Sierra Leone 60 149 403 819 431 32 166Solomon Islands 104 218 350 42 518 739 132Somalia hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellipSudan 224 34 21 887 421 79 558Tanzania 2047 183 218 678 613 139 170Timor-Leste 28 hellip 28 hellip 761 hellip 211Togo 289 550 451 140 227 310 322Tuvalu hellip 125 hellip 572 hellip 303 hellipUganda 1047 23 51 778 749 200 200Vanuatu 271 190 115 634 801 176 84Yemen 1460 161 131 633 795 206 74Zambia 311 414 489 475 401 111 111

Memorandum itemWorld 3764900 23 21 28 25 50 54

Note The improvement of the quality of data in recent years may have resulted in changes relating to the breakdown of exports of commercial services by category of services See the Metadata

Exports of commercial services of the least-developed countries by category 2010

Other commercial services

Value Share in commercial services

Commercial services Transportation services Travel

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7 Foreign affiliates statistics

(Billion dollars and percentage)

Value Annual percentage change

2006 2007 2008 2009 2005-2009 2007 2008 2009

Austria hellip 573 746 617 hellip hellip 30 -17

Belgium 635 hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip

Bulgaria hellip hellip hellip 66 hellip hellip hellip hellip

China hellip hellip 1340 hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip

Croatia a hellip hellip 47 hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip

Cyprus b hellip 05 07 09 hellip hellip 42 29

Czech Republic 306 429 551 479 14 40 29 -13

Denmark a hellip 359 415 363 hellip hellip 15 -12

Estonia 19 25 35 31 17 32 40 -12

Finland hellip 197 215 188 hellip hellip 9 -13

France hellip hellip 2500 2389 hellip hellip hellip -4

Germany hellip hellip 3317 2483 hellip hellip hellip -25

Hong Kong China c 1140 1420 1392 1419 12 25 -2 2

Hungary hellip 265 329 293 hellip hellip 24 -11

Ireland a hellip hellip 561 609 hellip hellip hellip 9

Israel d 79 85 112 109 16 8 31 -3

Italy a e 952 1142 1283 1148 10 20 12 -11

Japan f hellip hellip 190 161 hellip hellip hellip -15

Latvia 23 31 37 31 16 34 18 -15

Lithuania 29 hellip 43 33 10 hellip hellip -24

Luxembourg a hellip hellip hellip 83 hellip hellip hellip hellip

Malta a hellip hellip 10 hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip

Netherlands hellip 903 1073 950 hellip hellip 19 -11

Norway a 285 326 400 325 8 15 23 -19

Poland a hellip hellip 379 298 hellip hellip hellip -21

Portugal hellip 188 182 200 hellip hellip -3 10

Romania 90 148 219 203 hellip 65 47 -7

Slovak Republic 66 88 120 110 14 35 36 -8

Slovenia 15 21 hellip 26 hellip 39 hellip hellip

Spain hellip hellip 1177 1138 hellip hellip hellip -3

Sweden a g 529 656 707 527 3 24 8 -25

Thailand hellip 21 hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip

United Kingdom hellip hellip hellip 3682 hellip hellip hellip hellip

United States e hellip 8972 8746 7560 hellip hellip -3 -14

Memorandum item

European Union (27) a h hellip hellip hellip 13059 hellip hellip hellip hellip

Extra-EU (27) a h i j hellip hellip hellip 4754 hellip hellip hellip hellip

a Insurance activities and activities auxiliary to financial and insurance activities are not coveredb Up to 2008 hotels and restaurants activities are not coveredc Includes other incomed Output instead of sales e Fiscal year as reference period No estimation for non-response Real estate activities are not covered Also includes affiliates foreign controlled by more than 30 per centf Community social and personal services activities are included up to 2008g Community social and personal services activities are includedh Real estate activities are not coveredi Refers to the sales by foreign affiliates which are established in the EU (27) and controlled by non-EU (27) entities

Note Given the recent development of this statistical framework comparability and coverage of data may not always be complete See the Metadata Section II2

Table I24

Sales by affiliates of foreign companies - resident affiliates primarily engaged in services activities (inward FATS) 2005-2009

Excluding wholesale and retail trade as well as repair activities Some or all community social and personal services activities are also not covered For economies shown in italics data exclude all or a large part of financial intermediation activities Insurance activities andor activities auxiliary to financial and insurance activities are included unless otherwise specified Some growth rates for 2008 may be affected by the change of reporting of data in ISIC Revision 4 as compared to ISIC Revision 31 previously

j Administrative and support service activities are not included As a comparison for the European Union (27) aggregate as a whole the value of sales excluding administrative and support activities was 1070 billion dollars in 2009

47World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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(Billion dollars and percentage)

Value Annual percentage change

2006 2007 2008 2009 2006-2009 2007 2008 2009

Australia a hellip hellip hellip 195 hellip hellip hellip hellipAustria b hellip 309 375 346 hellip hellip 21 -8Belgium b hellip hellip hellip 265 hellip hellip hellip hellipCanada c 962 1171 1216 1210 10 22 4 -1Cyprus hellip 39 48 hellip hellip hellip 21 hellipCzech Republic d hellip 03 07 05 hellip hellip 121 -31Finland hellip 242 208 228 hellip hellip -14 10France hellip 3622 hellip 4011 hellip hellip hellip hellipGermany hellip 4827 5232 4887 hellip hellip 8 -7Greece e 29 39 47 41 4 32 21 -11Hungary f hellip 13 31 34 hellip hellip 135 7Israel b f 27 27 40 36 6 -2 48 -8Italy hellip 1591 1612 1890 hellip hellip 1 17Japan g hellip hellip 533 492 hellip hellip hellip -8 Korea Republic of f hellip hellip hellip 209 hellip hellip hellip hellipLatvia e 02 02 hellip 05 hellip -3 hellip hellipLithuania hellip hellip 01 02 hellip hellip hellip 12Luxembourg hellip hellip hellip 24 hellip hellip hellip hellipMalta h hellip 03 04 02 hellip hellip 22 -50Norway f hellip hellip hellip 319 hellip hellip hellip hellipPoland hellip hellip hellip 57 hellip hellip hellip hellipPortugal hellip hellip 663 hellip hellip hellip hellip hellipSlovak Republic f hellip 01 04 03 hellip hellip hellip -39Slovenia h hellip 25 hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellipSpain hellip hellip hellip 1548 hellip hellip hellip hellipSweden e hellip hellip 1215 928 hellip hellip hellip -24 United Kingdom hellip hellip hellip 5627 hellip hellip hellip hellipUnited States hellip hellip hellip 10887 hellip hellip hellip hellip

Memorandum itemExtra - EU (27) i hellip hellip hellip 14434 hellip hellip hellip hellip

Excluding wholesale and retail trade and repair activities Economies shown in italics exclude most or a large part of financial intermediation activitiesa Refers to fiscal year 2009 Financial and insurance affiliates onlyb Classified under services according to activity of parent companyc Branches are excludedd Only the first level of indirect ownership is coverede Only includes affiliates directly ownedf Part or all community social and personal services are not coveredg Fiscal year as reference period No estimation for non-response Real estate activities are not covered Also includes controlled affiliates by more than 10 per centh Includes wholesale and retail trade and repair activitiesi Refers to the sales of affiliates which are established outside the EU (27) and controlled by EU (27) entities

Table I25

Sales by foreign affiliates of resident companies - affiliates located abroad primarily engaged in services activities (outward FATS) 2005-2009

Note Given the recent development of this statistical framework comparability and coverage of data may not always be complete See the Metadata

48 World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Table I26

(Million dollars and percentage)

Value Share Value Share

2009 2009 2005-09 2008 2009 2009 2009 2005-09 2008 2009

World 1076439 1000 8 10 -4 World 659639 1000 4 3 -4European Union (27) 508480 472 hellip 8 -8 European Union (27) 373142 566 hellip 3 -3Canada 101424 94 6 9 -9 Japan 87125 132 0 5 -10Japan 65566 61 5 9 6 Canada 69958 106 6 4 2Switzerland 55928 52 9 17 -11 Switzerland 46116 70 10 -26 22Australia 38263 36 10 5 0 Bermuda 19445 29 hellip 16 -34

Above 5 769661 715 - - - Above 5 595786 903 - - -Singapore 34351 32 17 26 1 Australia 12613 19 24 14 6Mexico 30466 28 3 8 -5 India 7232 11 31 27 11Hong Kong China 29433 27 9 6 5 Korea Republic of 6800 10 27 86 -5Brazil 24708 23 6 4 13 Hong Kong China 3763 06 9 hellip hellipChina 23064 21 29 35 25 Mexico 3125 05 -2 29 -1Bermuda 16096 15 21 hellip hellip Israel 1948 03 8 2 2India 13083 12 27 34 34 Norway 1553 02 10 7 -16Korea Republic of 10169 09 8 8 -6 Brazil 972 01 5 hellip hellipTaipei Chinese 8922 08 1 16 -20 Venezuela Bolivarian Rep of 806 01 -15 hellip hellipArgentina 6283 06 10 28 2 China 624 01 16 103 2

Above 15 966236 896 - - - Above 15 635222 962 - - -Note This information refers to supply of services products to foreigners by United States owned affiliates and supply of services products to United States persons by affiliates foreign owned This differs from the FATS data presented for the United States in the tables I24 and I25 which refer to sales of foreign affiliates operating in the services sector For instance the latter include sales of goods of foreign affiliates whose primary activity is classified as a service industry but not the supply of services of those whose primary activity is classified as a manufacturing industry

Services supplied by United States affiliates established abroad (outward FATS) and by foreign affiliates in the United States(inward FATS) by economy of affiliate 2009

Annual percentage change

Annual percentage change

Supply of services abroad Supply of services in the United States

  • I World trade developments
    • Merchandise trade flows within regions outperform flows between regions
    • Moderate recovery for merchandise exports in 2011
    • US remains the leading merchandise trader
    • World exports of commercial services up by 11 in 2011
    • US remains the leading commercial services trader
    • US service supply through affiliates to emerging economies on the rise
    • List of tables I World trade developments
      • 1 Overview
      • 2 Trade by region
      • 3 Leading traders
      • 4 Bilateral trade of leading traders
      • 5 Regional trade agreements
      • 6 Least-developed countries
      • 7 Foreign affiliates statistics
US services supply through majority-owned foreign affiliates (FATS) and cross-border (BOP) to emerging economies
(Billion dollars)
2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
China (BOP) 7 8 10 13 15 16
China (FATS) 7 8 10 14 18 23
India (BOP) 4 5 7 9 10 10
India (FATS) 4 5 5 7 10 13
Leading traders in commercial services 2011
(Billion dollars)
Exports Imports Balance
1 United States 581 395 186
2 Germany 253 289 -36
3 United Kingdom 274 170 103
4 China 182 237 -54
5 France 167 143 23
6 Japan 142 166 -23
7 India 137 124 13
8 Netherlands 134 118 15
9 Ireland 109 114 -5
10 Italy 105 114 -9
Exports of commercial services by selected region 2010-2011
(Annual percentange change)
2010 2011
Africa 12 -0
North America 9 9
Middle East 11 10
Asia 23 11
Europe 4 11
C and S America and the Caribbean 15 13
CIS 13 19
World 10 11
Leading economies of merchandise trade 2011
Largest Trader 1898381 2265894
Share 27 29 28
World 18255189 18437682 36692871
(Us+chn+Germ) 4851094 5263318 10114412
2011 2011
(bn USD) EXPORTS (bn USD) IMPORTS EX+IM
Bermuda 0 13 1 910 923 Bermuda
Canada 452 452440 463 462635 915075 Canada
Mexico 350 349569 361 361068 710637 Mexico
Saint Pierre and Miquelon 0 5 0 200 205 Saint Pierre and Miquelon
United States 1480 1480432 2266 2265894 3746326 United States
0 0 0
Brazil 256 256040 237 236870 492910 Brazil
0 0 0
Antigua and Barbuda 0 45 0 480 525 Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina 84 83951 74 73938 157889 Argentina
Aruba 0 148 1 1196 1344 Aruba
Bahamas 1 835 3 2965 3800 Bahamas
Barbados 0 465 2 1805 2270 Barbados
Belize 0 376 1 831 1206 Belize
Bolivia Plurinational State of 8 8332 8 7664 15996 Bolivia Plurinational State of
British Virgin Islands 0 39 0 280 319 British Virgin Islands
Cayman Islands 0 22 1 914 936 Cayman Islands
Chile 81 81411 75 74908 156320 Chile
Colombia 57 56954 55 54675 111628 Colombia
Costa Rica 10 10408 16 16220 26628 Costa Rica
Cuba 7 6800 14 14300 21100 Cuba
Curaccedilao 1 928 2 2130 3058 Curaccedilao
Dominica 0 30 0 220 250 Dominica
Dominican Republic 9 8536 17 17423 25958 Dominican Republic
Ecuador 22 22322 24 24286 46608 Ecuador
El Salvador 5 5309 10 10118 15427 El Salvador
Falkland Islands 0 180 0 180 360 Falkland Islands
French Guiana - 0 French Guiana
Grenada 0 31 0 340 371 Grenada
Guadeloupe - 0 Guadeloupe
Guatemala 10 10401 17 16613 27014 Guatemala
Guyana 1 1129 2 1771 2900 Guyana
Haiti 1 770 3 2900 3670 Haiti
Honduras 7 7204 10 10338 17542 Honduras
Jamaica 2 1624 7 6615 8239 Jamaica
Martinique 0 0 0 Martinique
Montserrat 0 1 0 30 31 Montserrat
Netherlands Antilles - - Netherlands Antilles
Nicaragua 2 2264 5 5210 7474 Nicaragua
Panama 15 14555 22 21802 36356 Panama
Paraguay 6 5517 12 12316 17833 Paraguay
Peru 46 46269 38 38011 84280 Peru
Saint Kitts and Nevis 0 46 0 248 294 Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Lucia 0 161 1 700 861 Saint Lucia
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 0 39 0 332 370 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Sint Maarten 0 127 1 734 861 Sint Maarten
Suriname 2 2467 2 1679 4146 Suriname
Trinidad and Tobago 14 13700 9 9300 23000 Trinidad and Tobago
Uruguay 8 7947 11 10726 18673 Uruguay
Venezuela Bolivarian Rep of 93 92602 48 47600 140202 Venezuela Bolivarian Rep of
0 0 0 Europe
0 0 0 European Union (27)
0 0 0 Intra-EU (27)
0 0 0 Extra-EU (27)
Austria 178 177960 191 191037 368997 Austria
Belgium 477 476660 461 461402 938062 Belgium
0 0 0 Belgium-Luxembourg
Bulgaria 28 28156 32 32498 60654 Bulgaria
Cyprus 2 1826 9 8608 10434 Cyprus
Czech Republic 162 162260 152 151559 313819 Czech Republic
0 0 0 Czech and Slovak Fed Rep former
Denmark 113 113280 98 97780 211060 Denmark
Estonia 17 16734 18 17583 34317 Estonia
Finland 79 78873 84 84135 163008 Finland
France 596 596068 714 713859 1309927 France
0 0 0 German Dem Rep former
Germany 1472 1472281 1254 1253940 2726221 Germany
Greece 32 31603 61 60619 92223 Greece
Hungary 112 112217 103 102589 214807 Hungary
Ireland 127 126923 67 66544 193467 Ireland
Italy 523 523183 557 557468 1080650 Italy
Latvia 13 13124 16 16204 29329 Latvia
Lithuania 28 28076 32 31510 59587 Lithuania
Luxembourg 22 21778 29 28722 50500 Luxembourg
Malta 4 4386 6 6293 10678 Malta
Netherlands 661 661015 599 598683 1259698 Netherlands
Poland 187 187405 208 207672 395077 Poland
Portugal 59 58960 80 80297 139258 Portugal
Romania 63 62687 76 76302 138989 Romania
Slovak Republic 79 79308 77 77305 156614 Slovak Republic
Slovenia 35 34749 35 35488 70238 Slovenia
Spain 309 308700 374 374242 682943 Spain
Sweden 187 187194 176 175993 363187 Sweden
United Kingdom 473 473191 638 637762 1110953 United Kingdom
0 0 0
Faeroe Islands 1 1007 1 986 1993 Faeroe Islands
Gibraltar 0 260 1 750 1010 Gibraltar
Greenland 0 475 1 899 1373 Greenland
Iceland 5 5347 5 4841 10189 Iceland
Norway 159 159253 91 90852 250106 Norway
Switzerland 234 234426 208 208280 442706 Switzerland
0 0 0
Albania 2 1948 5 5395 7343 Albania
Bosnia and Herzegovina 6 5850 11 11050 16900 Bosnia and Herzegovina
Croatia 13 13375 23 22708 36082 Croatia
FYR Macedonia 4 4455 7 7007 11463 FYR Macedonia
Montenegro 1 632 3 2544 3176 Montenegro
Serbia 12 11775 20 20139 31915 Serbia
0 0 0 Serbia and Montenegro
Turkey 135 134918 241 240842 375759 Turkey
0 0 0
0 0 0
0 0 0
0 0 0
0 0 0
Russian Federation 522 522013 324 323831 845844 Russian Federation
0 0 0
Armenia 1 1330 4 4152 5481 Armenia
Azerbaijan 34 34495 10 10166 44661 Azerbaijan
Belarus 40 40294 46 45747 86041 Belarus
Georgia 2 2189 7 7058 9247 Georgia
Kazakhstan 88 88273 38 37909 126181 Kazakhstan
Kyrgyz Republic 2 1979 4 4261 6240 Kyrgyz Republic
Moldova 2 2217 5 5191 7408 Moldova
Tajikistan 1 1257 3 3186 4443 Tajikistan
Turkmenistan 13 13000 7 7400 20400 Turkmenistan
Ukraine 68 68460 83 82594 151054 Ukraine
Uzbekistan 13 13254 10 9953 23207 Uzbekistan
0 0 0
0 0 0
South Africa 97 96848 122 121606 218454 South Africa
0 0 0
Algeria 73 73489 47 47247 120736 Algeria
Angola 66 65500 22 22000 87500 Angola
Benin 2 1800 3 2700 4500 Benin
Botswana 6 5882 7 7272 13154 Botswana
Burkina Faso 2 2000 3 2600 4600 Burkina Faso
Burundi 0 125 1 752 877 Burundi
Cameroon 5 4600 7 6500 11100 Cameroon
Cape Verde 0 73 1 947 1020 Cape Verde
Central African Republic 0 160 0 380 540 Central African Republic
Chad 5 4600 2 2400 7000 Chad
Comoros 0 25 0 277 302 Comoros
Congo 11 10700 5 5100 15800 Congo
Congo Dem Rep of 7 6600 6 5500 12100 Congo Dem Rep of
Cocircte dIvoire 11 11130 7 6720 17850 Cocircte dIvoire
Djibouti 0 95 0 410 505 Djibouti
Egypt 31 30528 59 58903 89431 Egypt
Equatorial Guinea 13 13300 6 6000 19300 Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea 0 400 1 900 1300 Eritrea
Ethiopia 3 2615 9 8896 11511 Ethiopia
Gabon 12 12000 4 3800 15800 Gabon
Gambia 0 95 0 344 438 Gambia
Ghana 13 12785 16 15968 28754 Ghana
Guinea 2 1630 2 2106 3735 Guinea
Guinea-Bissau 0 230 0 300 530 Guinea-Bissau
Kenya 6 5756 15 14782 20538 Kenya
Lesotho 1 1100 3 2600 3700 Lesotho
Liberia 0 358 1 1044 1402 Liberia
Libya 18 17500 5 5000 22500 Libya
Madagascar 2 1590 3 2850 4440 Madagascar
Malawi 1 1427 2 2426 3853 Malawi
Mali 2 2391 3 3250 5641 Mali
Mauritania 3 2769 2 2464 5233 Mauritania
Mauritius 3 2647 5 5158 7805 Mauritius
Morocco 22 21519 44 44295 65814 Morocco
Mozambique 4 3600 6 6300 9900 Mozambique
Namibia 4 4373 6 6330 10703 Namibia
Niger 1 1250 2 2400 3650 Niger
Nigeria 116 116000 55 55000 171000 Nigeria
Reunion - - Reunion
Rwanda 0 464 2 1776 2240 Rwanda
Sao Tome and Principe 0 11 0 125 136 Sao Tome and Principe
Senegal 3 2542 6 5909 8451 Senegal
Seychelles 0 483 1 750 1233 Seychelles
Sierra Leone 0 350 2 1708 2058 Sierra Leone
Somalia 0 450 1 1100 1550 Somalia
Sudan 10 9694 9 9231 18925 Sudan
Swaziland 2 2000 2 2100 4100 Swaziland
Tanzania 5 5098 11 10724 15821 Tanzania
Togo 1 1100 2 1700 2800 Togo
Tunisia 18 17847 24 23958 41805 Tunisia
Uganda 2 2200 5 5360 7560 Uganda
Zambia 9 9015 7 7178 16193 Zambia
Zimbabwe 4 3500 4 4400 7900 Zimbabwe
0 0 0
Bahrain Kingdom of 20 19650 13 12730 32380 Bahrain Kingdom of
Iran 132 131500 62 62106 193606 Iran
Iraq 83 83300 54 54000 137300 Iraq
Israel 68 67796 75 75472 143268 Israel
Jordan 8 7963 18 18301 26265 Jordan
Kuwait 104 103517 25 25268 128785 Kuwait
Lebanon 6 5664 21 20750 26414 Lebanon
Oman 47 47092 24 23860 70952 Oman
Qatar 114 114296 30 30000 144296 Qatar
Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 365 364736 132 131655 496391 Saudi Arabia Kingdom of
Syrian Arab Republic 9 8500 17 16600 25100 Syrian Arab Republic
United Arab Emirates 285 285000 205 205000 490000 United Arab Emirates
Yemen 12 11600 9 8500 20100 Yemen
0 0 0
China 1898 1898381 1743 1743484 3641865 China
India 305 304585 463 462633 767218 India
Japan 823 822564 855 854998 1677562 Japan
0 0 0
Hong Kong China 456 455650 511 510855 966504 Hong Kong China
0 0 0
0 0 0
Korea Republic of 555 555214 524 524413 1079627 Korea Republic of
Singapore 410 409503 366 365770 775273 Singapore
0 0 0
0 0 0
Taipei Chinese 308 308257 281 281438 589695 Taipei Chinese
0 0 0
Australia 270 270440 244 243699 514139 Australia
New Zealand 38 37669 37 37105 74773 New Zealand
0 0 0 Other Asia
Afghanistan 0 350 6 6300 6650 Afghanistan
American Samoa 0 310 1 690 1000 American Samoa
Bangladesh 24 24436 36 36188 60623 Bangladesh
Bhutan 1 650 1 950 1600 Bhutan
Brunei Darussalam 12 12440 3 2943 15383 Brunei Darussalam
Cambodia 7 6950 9 9300 16250 Cambodia
Cook Islands 0 3 0 84 87 Cook Islands
Fiji 1 860 2 2300 3160 Fiji
Fmr Pacific Islands - - Fmr Pacific Islands
French Polynesia 0 168 2 1796 1964 French Polynesia
Guam 0 45 1 1100 1145 Guam
Indonesia 201 200587 177 176881 377468 Indonesia
Kiribati 0 20 0 110 130 Kiribati
Korea Dem Peoples Rep of 3 3300 5 4500 7800 Korea Dem Peoples Rep of
Lao Peoples Dem Rep 2 2400 3 2700 5100 Lao Peoples Dem Rep
Macao China 1 869 8 7927 8796 Macao China
Malaysia 227 226990 188 187661 414650 Malaysia
Maldives 0 346 1 1465 1812 Maldives
Marshall Islands 0 35 0 140 175 Marshall Islands
Micronesia Federated States of 0 25 0 170 195 Micronesia Federated States of
Mongolia 5 4780 7 6527 11307 Mongolia
Myanmar 9 9330 8 8000 17330 Myanmar
Nauru 0 70 0 30 100 Nauru
Nepal 1 919 6 5774 6693 Nepal
New Caledonia 2 1703 4 3699 5401 New Caledonia
Niue 0 0 0 7 7 Niue
Northern Mariana Islands 0 3 0 90 93 Northern Mariana Islands
Pakistan 25 25344 44 44012 69356 Pakistan
Palau 0 6 0 120 126 Palau
Papua New Guinea 7 6776 5 4550 11326 Papua New Guinea
Philippines 48 48305 64 63693 111998 Philippines
Samoa 0 54 0 346 400 Samoa
Solomon Islands 0 413 0 467 880 Solomon Islands
Sri Lanka 10 10236 20 20269 30505 Sri Lanka
Thailand 229 228822 228 228498 457320 Thailand
Timor-Leste 0 20 0 300 320 Timor-Leste
Tonga 0 14 0 180 194 Tonga
Tuvalu 0 0 0 25 25 Tuvalu
Vanuatu 0 64 0 288 352 Vanuatu
Viet Nam 9690567 9690567 1067499 1067499 20365557 Viet Nam
Page 6: I. World trade developments - World Trade Organization · I WORLD TRADE DEVELOPMENTS The value of world merchandise ... India proved more resilient to the global crisis than exports

16 World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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0 rise in Africarsquos

exports of commercial services in 2011

11 growth in exports

of world commercial services in 2011

bull The value of world exports of commercial services rose by 11 per cent in 2011 to US$ 4170 billion exceeding pre-crisis levels of US$ 3850 in 2008

bull Europe showed signs of recovery with annual growth of 11 per cent in 2011 In contrast Asian economies saw their growth rate halved compared with 2010 mainly due to slower growth in transportation services and other commercial services

bull North Americarsquos exports of commercial services expanded by 9 per cent in 2011 the same as in 2010 while in Africa exports stagnated following the ldquoArab Springrdquo uprising that began at the end of 2010 The CIS was the most dynamic region with exports of commercial services increasing by 19 per cent followed by South and Central America with 13 per cent

World exports of commercial services up by 11 in 2011

Where to fi nd moreTable I3

Commercial services exports 2010-2011

12

0

9

11

23

4

9

10

11

11

19

Africa

North America

Middle East

Asia

Europe

C and S America and

the Caribbean

CIS

World

2010 2011

ANNUAL PERCENTAGE CHANGE ()

13

15

10

11

13

10 15 20 2550-5

WTO-COM

WTO
File Attachment
Commercial services exports 2010-2011

17World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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US$ 976 bnUnited States

US$ 542 bnGermany

US$ 444 bnUnited Kingdom

Largest traders in commercial services

bull The United States remained the worldrsquos largest trader of commercial services in 2011 with US$ 976 billion of trade making a surplus of US$ 186 billion The United Kingdom which ranked third with US$ 444 billion recorded also a surplus of US$ 103 billion Both the United States and the United Kingdom have recorded a surplus in services every year since the 1980s

bull Germany the second-largest services trader with US$ 542 billion of trade recorded a defi cit of US$ 36 billion in 2011

bull Among the leading emerging economies China remained a net services importer in 2011 while India registered a positive balance with the value of exports exceeding imports

US remains the leading commercial services trader

Leading traders in commercial services 2011

Where to fi nd moreTable I9

289253

170 274

103

237182

143167

23

166

118

142

-23

15

13124 137

-5

114105

IMPORTS BALANCE

US$ BILLION

Germany

Netherlands

India

Japan

France

China

United Kingdom

United States

Italy

Ireland

EXPORTS

-36

-54

134

-9

100 200 300 400 500 6000-100

186395

581

109114

WTO-COM

_x0007_Exports58086382525338115727373297918243306716661184514248186513655346713352496310939800210518396700395267744289091289170426395236530995143474724165810682123723469118174129114335759113987159_x0001_0_x0007_Exports580863825253381157273732979182433067166611845142481865136553467133524963109398002105183967_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_0_x0001_00000395267744289091289170426395236530995143474724165810682123723469118174129114335759113987159000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000
WTO
File Attachment
Leading traders in commercial services 2011

18 World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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34 in India

25 in China

Growth of US services supply through

affi liates in 2009

bull Services supplied by US majority-owned foreign affi liates to China and India proved more resilient to the global crisis than exports of cross-border services

bull In 2009 US exports of commercial services to India decreased by 4 per cent However services supplied to India through commercial presence (ie through US majority-owned foreign affi liates established in India) rose by 34 per cent Similarly in China services supplied by US majority-owned foreign affi liates grew by 25 per cent while exports of commercial services grew by only 2 per cent

bull In contrast services supplied through US majority-owned foreign affi liates to Europe and North America declined following the same pattern as cross-border exports

US service supply through affi liates to emerging economies on the rise

Where to fi nd moreTables I15 and I26

US services supplied to China and India 2004-09

25

20

15

10

5

0

2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009

US$ BILLION

BOP Exports of commercial services as measured in the balance of payments (modes 1 2 and 4)

FATS Outward foreign affi liates statistics (mode 3)

INDIA (FATS)CHINA (BOP)CHINA (FATS) INDIA (BOP)

WTO-OMC

WTO
File Attachment
US services supplied to China and India 2004-09

19World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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List of tables

I World trade developments 1 Overview

Table I1 Growth in the volume of world merchandise exports and production 2005-2011 21

Table I2 Growth in the volume of world merchandise trade by selected region and economy 2005-2011 21

2 Trade by region

Table I3 World merchandise trade and trade in commercial services by region and selected economy 2005-2011 22

Table I4 Intra- and inter-regional merchandise trade 2011 23

Table I5 World merchandise exports by region and selected economy 1948 1953 1963 1973 1983 1993 2003 and 2011 24

Table I6 World merchandise imports by region and selected economy 1948 1953 1963 1973 1983 1993 2003 and 2011 25

3 Leading traders

Table I7 Leading exporters and importers in world merchandise trade 2011 26

Table I8 Leading exporters and importers in world merchandise trade (excluding intra-EU (27) trade) 2011 27

Table I9 Leading exporters and importers in world trade in commercial services 2011 28

Table I10 Leading exporters and importers in world trade in commercial services (excluding intra-EU (27) trade) 2011 29

4 Bilateral trade of leading traders

Table I11 Merchandise trade of Canada by origin and destination 2011 30

Table I12 Merchandise trade of the United States by origin and destination 2011 31

Table I13 Merchandise trade of the European Union (27) by origin and destination 2011 32

Table I14 Merchandise trade of Japan by origin and destination 2011 33

Table I15 Trade in commercial services of selected economies by origin and destination 2010 34

5 Regional trade agreements

Table I16 Merchandise trade of NAFTA countries by major product group and by origindestination 2011 37

Table I17 Merchandise trade of MERCOSUR countries by major product group and by origindestination 2011 38

Table I18 Merchandise trade of Andean Community countries by major product group and by origindestination 2011 39

Table I19 Merchandise trade of ASEAN countries by major product group and by origindestination 2011 40

6 Least-developed countries

Table I20 Ratio of exports of goods and commercial services to GDP of the least-developed countries 2010 41

Table I21 Merchandise exports and imports of least-developed countries 2011 42

Table I22 Imports of agricultural products fuels and manufactures of the European Union (27) Asia and North America from the least-developed countries 2011 44

20 World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

Download the datawwwwtoorgstatistics

Table I23 Exports of commercial services of the least-developed countries by category 2010 45

7 Foreign affiliates statistics

Table I24 Sales by affiliates of foreign companies - resident affiliates primarily engaged in services activities (inward FATS) 2006-2009 46

Table I25 Sales by foreign affiliates of resident companies - affiliates located abroad primarily engaged in services activities (outward FATS) 2006-2009 47

Table I26 Services supplied by United States affiliates established abroad (outward FATS) and by foreign affiliates in the United States (inward FATS) by economy of affiliate 2009 48

21World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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1 Overview

Table I1

(Annual percentage change)

2005-11 2009 2010 2011

World merchandise exports 35 -120 140 50Agricultural products 40 -20 80 40Fuels and mining products 15 -55 55 15Manufactures 45 -150 185 65

World merchandise production 20 -55 45 25Agriculture 20 05 00 20Mining 05 -15 20 15Manufacturing 20 -75 60 30

World GDP 20 -25 40 25

Growth in the volume of world merchandise exports and production 2005-2011

Note See the Metadata for the estimation of world aggregates of merchandise exports production and GDP

Table I2

(Annual percentage change)

2005-11 2010 2011 2005-11 2010 2011

35 140 50 World 35 140 50

30 150 60 North America 10 155 45-20 85 30 Canada 30 145 8535 215 45 Mexico 00 235 6545 155 70 United States 05 150 40

20 50 60 South and Central America 100 230 120

20 110 50 Europe 15 100 2520 115 50 European Union (27) 10 95 20

-20 -25 -45 Norway 35 90 5030 90 85 Switzerland 25 95 25

30 60 20 Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 90 190 165

75 230 65 Asia 60 180 6530 125 05 Australia 55 100 70

120 285 95 China 115 220 95-55 -165 70 Hong Kong China 55 175 70125 255 155 India 140 225 9530 275 -05 Japan 05 100 2065 190 65 Six East Asian traders a 35 190 35

Growth in the volume of world merchandise trade by selected region and economy 2005-2011

a Hong Kong China Malaysia Republic of Korea Singapore Separate Customs Territory of Taiwan Penghu Kinmen and Matsu (Taipei Chinese) and Thailand

Imports Exports

22 World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Exports Imports

2005-11 2010 2011 2005-11 2010 2011

Merchandise10 22 20 World 9 21 198 23 16 North America 5 23 159 21 16 United States 5 23 154 23 17 Canada 6 22 15

13 25 27 South and Central America 16 30 2514 32 27 Brazil 20 43 2413 22 23 Argentina 17 46 317 12 17 Europe 7 13 177 12 17 European Union (27) 7 13 17

10 13 20 Switzerland 9 13 1815 31 34 Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 17 25 3014 32 30 Russian Federation 17 30 3012 29 33 Ukraine 15 34 3611 29 17 Africa 14 15 2011 31 20 South Africa 12 27 2915 48 38 Nigeria a 18 30 2415 27 37 Middle East 13 14 1812 31 45 Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 14 12 2316 19 30 United Arab Emirates a 16 10 2412 31 18 Asia 13 33 2316 31 20 China 18 39 256 33 7 Japan 9 26 23

Commercial services9 10 11 World 9 10 118 9 9 North America 6 8 88 8 9 United States 6 6 75 15 11 Canada 7 15 11

11 15 13 South and Central America 15 23 1816 15 21 Brazil 22 36 2214 19 8 Argentina 14 16 177 4 11 Europe 6 3 97 4 11 European Union (27) 6 2 9

12 10 15 Switzerland 11 4 1915 13 19 Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 14 18 1914 8 20 Russian Federation 15 21 2313 24 14 Ukraine 12 10 157 12 0 Africa 14 11 125 17 6 South Africa 8 25 75 11 -19 Egypt 5 2 0

hellip 11 10 Middle East hellip 12 15hellip 10 7 Saudi Arabia Kingdom of hellip 8 819 16 9 United Arab Emirates 17 12 1812 23 11 Asia 11 21 1416 32 7 China 19 22 236 10 3 Japan 5 6 7

a Secretariat estimates

World merchandise trade and trade in commercial services by region and selected economy 2005-2011

Table I3

(Annual percentage change)

2 Trade by region

23World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Table I4

(Billion dollars and percentage)

OriginNorth

America

South and Central America Europe CIS Africa Middle East Asia World

Value

World 2923 749 6881 530 538 672 5133 17816North America 1103 201 382 15 37 63 476 2282South and Central America 181 200 138 8 21 18 169 750Europe 480 119 4667 234 199 194 639 6612Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 43 11 409 154 12 24 117 789Africa 102 19 205 2 77 21 146 594Middle East 107 10 158 6 38 110 660 1251Asia 906 189 922 110 152 242 2926 5538

Share of regional trade flows in each regions total merchandise exports

World 164 42 386 30 30 38 288 1000North America 483 88 167 07 16 28 209 1000South and Central America 242 267 183 11 28 24 225 1000Europe 73 18 706 35 30 29 97 1000Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 55 14 518 195 16 30 148 1000Africa 171 33 345 03 130 36 245 1000Middle East 86 08 126 05 30 88 528 1000Asia 164 34 167 20 28 44 528 1000

Share of each regions exports in world merchandise exports to the region

World 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000North America 377 269 56 29 70 93 93 128South and Central America 62 268 20 16 40 27 33 42Europe 164 159 678 442 371 289 124 371Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 15 14 59 291 23 35 23 44Africa 35 26 30 03 143 32 28 33Middle East 37 13 23 11 70 164 129 70Asia 310 252 134 208 283 360 570 311

Share of regional trade flows in world merchandise exports

World 164 42 386 30 30 38 288 1000North America 62 11 21 01 02 04 27 128South and Central America 10 11 08 00 01 01 09 42Europe 27 07 262 13 11 11 36 371Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 02 01 23 09 01 01 07 44Africa 06 01 12 00 04 01 08 33Middle East 06 01 09 00 02 06 37 70Asia 51 11 52 06 09 14 164 311

Intra- and inter-regional merchandise trade 2011

Destination

24 World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

Download the datawwwwtoorgstatistics

Table I5

1948 1953 1963 1973 1983 1993 2003 2011

Value

World 59 84 157 579 1838 3676 7377 17816 Share

World 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000

North America 281 248 199 173 168 180 158 128United States 217 188 149 123 112 126 98 83Canada 55 52 43 46 42 39 37 25Mexico 09 07 06 04 14 14 22 20

South and Central America 113 97 64 43 44 30 30 42Brazil 20 18 09 11 12 10 10 14Argentina 28 13 09 06 04 04 04 05

Europe 351 394 478 509 435 454 459 371Germany a 14 53 93 117 92 103 102 83France 34 48 52 63 52 60 53 33Italy 18 18 32 38 40 46 41 29United Kingdom 113 90 78 51 50 49 41 27

Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) b - - - - - 15 26 44Africa 73 65 57 48 45 25 24 33

South Africa c 20 16 15 10 10 07 05 05

Middle East 20 27 32 41 68 35 41 70Asia 140 134 125 149 191 261 262 311

China 09 12 13 10 12 25 59 107Japan 04 15 35 64 80 99 64 46India 22 13 10 05 05 06 08 17Australia and New Zealand 37 32 24 21 14 14 12 17Six East Asian Traders 34 30 25 36 58 97 96 98

Memorandum item EU d - - 245 370 313 374 423 339USSR Former 22 35 46 37 50 - - -GATTWTO Members e 634 696 750 841 784 893 943 938

Note Between 1973 and 1983 and between 1993 and 2003 export shares were significantly influenced by oil price developments

World merchandise exports by region and selected economy 1948 1953 1963 1973 1983 1993 2003 and 2011

b Figures are significantly affected by including the mutual trade flows of the Baltic States and the CIS between 1993 and 2003c Beginning with 1998 figures refer to South Africa only and no longer to the Southern African Customs Union

e Membership as of the year stated

a Figures refer to the Fed Rep of Germany from 1948 through 1983

(Billion dollars and percentage)

d Figures refer to the EEC(6) in 1963 EC(9) in 1973 EC(10) in 1983 EU(12) in 1993 EU(25) in 2003 and EU(27) in 2011

25World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Table I6

1948 1953 1963 1973 1983 1993 2003 2011

Value

World 62 85 164 594 1882 3786 7695 15077 Share

World 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000

North America 185 205 161 172 185 214 224 171United States 130 139 114 123 143 159 169 125Canada 44 55 39 42 34 37 32 26Mexico 10 09 08 06 07 18 23 20

South and Central America 104 83 60 44 38 33 25 40Brazil 18 16 09 12 09 07 07 13Argentina 25 09 06 04 02 04 02 04

Europe 453 437 520 533 442 446 450 381Germany a 22 45 80 92 81 90 79 69France 55 49 53 64 56 57 52 40United Kingdom 134 110 85 65 53 55 52 35Italy 25 28 46 47 42 39 39 31

Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) b - - - - - 12 17 30Africa 81 70 52 39 46 26 22 31

South Africa c 25 15 11 09 08 05 05 07

Middle East 18 21 23 27 62 33 28 38Asia 139 151 141 149 185 237 235 309

China 06 16 09 09 11 27 54 97Japan 11 28 41 65 67 64 50 47India 23 14 15 05 07 06 09 26Australia and New Zealand 29 23 22 16 14 15 14 16Six East Asian Traders 35 37 32 39 61 103 86 95

Memorandum item EU d - - 255 371 314 353 413 346USSR Former 19 33 43 36 43 - - -GATTWTO Members e 586 669 753 855 813 887 948 959

Note Between 1973 and 1983 and between 1993 and 2003 import shares were significantly influenced by oil price developments

World merchandise imports by region and selected economy 1948 1953 1963 1973 1983 1993 2003 and 2011

b Figures are significantly affected by including the mutual trade flows of the Baltic States and the CIS between 1993 and 2003c Beginning with 1998 figures refer to South Africa only and no longer to the Southern African Customs Union

e Membership as of the year stated

a Figures refer to the Fed Rep of Germany from 1948 through 1983

(Billion dollars and percentage)

d Figures refer to the EEC(6) in 1963 EC(9) in 1973 EC(10) in 1983 EU(12) in 1993 EU(25) in 2003 and EU(27) in 2011

26 World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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3 Leading traders

Rank Exporters Value Share

Annual percentage

change Rank Importers Value Share

Annual percentage

change

1 China 1898 104 20 1 United States 2266 123 152 United States 1480 81 16 2 China 1743 95 253 Germany 1472 81 17 3 Germany 1254 68 194 Japan 823 45 7 4 Japan 855 46 235 Netherlands 661 36 15 5 France 714 39 176 France 596 33 14 6 United Kingdom 638 35 147 Korea Republic of 555 30 19 7 Netherlands 599 32 168 Italy 523 29 17 8 Italy 557 30 149 Russian Federation 522 29 30 9 Korea Republic of 524 28 2310 Belgium 477 26 17 10 Hong Kong China 511 28 16

retained imports 130 07 1611 United Kingdom 473 26 17 11 Canada a 463 25 1512 Hong Kong China 456 25 14 12 India 463 25 32

domestic exports 17 01 14 re-exports 439 24 14

13 Canada 452 25 17 13 Belgium 461 25 1714 Singapore 410 22 16 14 Spain 374 20 14

domestic exports 224 12 23 re-exports 186 10 10 15 Singapore 366 20 18

15 Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 365 20 45 retained imports 180 10 2716 Mexico 350 19 17 16 Mexico 361 20 1617 Spain 309 17 21 17 Russian Federation a 324 18 3018 Taipei Chinese 308 17 12 18 Taipei Chinese 281 15 1219 India 305 17 35 19 Australia 244 13 2120 United Arab Emirates b 285 16 30 20 Turkey 241 13 3021 Australia 270 15 27 21 Brazil 237 13 2422 Brazil 256 14 27 22 Thailand 228 12 2523 Switzerland 234 13 20 23 Switzerland 208 11 1824 Thailand 229 13 17 24 Poland 208 11 1725 Malaysia 227 12 14 25 United Arab Emirates b 205 11 2426 Indonesia 201 11 27 26 Austria 191 10 2027 Poland 187 10 17 27 Malaysia 188 10 1428 Sweden 187 10 18 28 Indonesia 177 10 3129 Austria 178 10 17 29 Sweden 176 10 1830 Czech Republic 162 09 22 30 Czech Republic 152 08 2031 Norway 159 09 22 31 Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 132 07 2332 Turkey 135 07 18 32 South Africa 122 07 2933 Iran b 132 07 30 33 Viet Nam 107 06 2634 Ireland 127 07 9 34 Hungary 103 06 1635 Nigeria b 116 06 38 35 Denmark 98 05 1536 Qatar 114 06 53 36 Norway 91 05 1737 Denmark 113 06 16 37 Finland 84 05 2238 Hungary 112 06 18 38 Ukraine 83 04 3639 Kuwait 104 06 54 39 Portugal 80 04 640 Viet Nam 97 05 34 40 Slovak Republic 77 04 1941 South Africa 97 05 20 41 Romania 76 04 2342 Venezuela Bolivarian Rep of 93 05 41 42 Israel 75 04 2343 Kazakhstan 88 05 47 43 Chile 75 04 2644 Argentina 84 05 23 44 Argentina 74 04 3145 Iraq b 83 05 59 45 Ireland 67 04 1046 Chile 81 04 15 46 Philippines 64 03 947 Slovak Republic 79 04 23 47 Iran 62 03 -448 Finland 79 04 13 48 Greece 61 03 -549 Algeria 73 04 29 49 Egypt 59 03 1150 Ukraine 68 04 33 50 Nigeria b 55 03 24

Total of above c 16887 925 - Total of above c 16851 914 - World c 18255 1000 20 World c 18438 1000 19

a Imports are valued fob b Secretariat estimates c Includes significant re-exports or imports for re-export Note For annual data 2000-2011 see Appendix A6 and A7

Table I7

Leading exporters and importers in world merchandise trade 2011

(Billion dollars and percentage)

27World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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(Billion dollars and percentage)

Rank Exporters Value Share

Annual percentage

change Rank Importers Value Share

Annual percentage

change

1 Extra-EU (27) exports 2133 149 19 1 Extra-EU (27) imports 2350 162 172 China 1898 132 20 2 United States 2266 156 153 United States 1480 103 16 3 China 1743 120 254 Japan 823 57 7 4 Japan 855 59 235 Korea Republic of 555 39 19 5 Korea Republic of 524 36 236 Russian Federation 522 36 30 6 Hong Kong China 511 35 167 Hong Kong China 456 32 14 retained imports 130 09 16

domestic exports 17 01 14 re-exports 439 31 14 7 Canada a 463 32 15

8 Canada 452 32 17 8 India 463 32 329 Singapore 410 29 16 9 Singapore 366 25 18

domestic exports 224 16 23 retained imports 180 12 27 Singapore re-exports 186 13 10

10 Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 365 25 45 10 Mexico 361 25 1611 Mexico 350 24 17 11 Russian Federation a 324 22 3012 Taipei Chinese 308 21 12 12 Taipei Chinese 281 19 1213 India 305 21 35 13 Australia 244 17 2114 United Arab Emirates b 285 20 30 14 Turkey 241 17 3015 Australia 270 19 27 15 Brazil 237 16 2416 Brazil 256 18 27 16 Thailand 228 16 2517 Switzerland 234 16 20 17 Switzerland 208 14 1818 Thailand 229 16 17 18 United Arab Emirates b 205 14 2419 Malaysia 227 16 14 19 Malaysia 188 13 1420 Indonesia 201 14 27 20 Indonesia 177 12 3121 Norway 159 11 22 21 Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 132 09 2322 Turkey 135 09 18 22 South Africa 122 08 2923 Iran b 132 09 30 23 Viet Nam 107 07 2624 Nigeria b 116 08 38 24 Norway 91 06 1725 Qatar 114 08 53 25 Ukraine 83 06 3626 Kuwait 104 07 54 26 Israel 75 05 2327 Viet Nam 97 07 34 27 Chile 75 05 2628 South Africa 97 07 20 28 Argentina 74 05 3129 Venezuela Bolivarian Rep of 93 06 41 29 Philippines 64 04 930 Kazakhstan 88 06 47 30 Iran 62 04 -431 Argentina 84 06 23 31 Egypt 59 04 1132 Iraq b 83 06 59 32 Nigeria b 55 04 2433 Chile 81 06 15 33 Colombia 55 04 3434 Algeria 73 05 29 34 Iraq b 54 04 2335 Ukraine 68 05 33 35 Venezuela Bolivarian Rep of b 48 03 2036 Israel 68 05 16 36 Algeria 47 03 1737 Angola b 66 05 29 37 Belarus 46 03 3138 Colombia 57 04 43 38 Morocco 44 03 2539 Philippines 48 03 -6 39 Pakistan 44 03 1640 Oman 47 03 29 40 Peru 38 03 2641 Peru 46 03 30 41 Kazakhstan 38 03 2242 Belarus 40 03 59 42 Bangladesh 36 02 3043 New Zealand 38 03 20 43 Qatar b 30 02 2944 Azerbaijan 34 02 30 44 Kuwait 25 02 1345 Egypt 31 02 15 45 Ecuador 24 02 1846 Pakistan 25 02 18 46 Tunisia 24 02 847 Bangladesh 24 02 27 47 Oman b 24 02 1948 Ecuador 22 02 28 48 Croatia 23 02 1349 Morocco 22 02 21 49 Angola a b 22 02 3250 Bahrain Kingdom of 20 01 31 50 Panama 22 02 30

Total of above c 13871 967 - Total of above c 13876 955 -

World (excl intra-EU (27)) c 14349 1000 21 World (excl intra-EU (27)) c 14532 1000 20

a Imports are valued fob b Secretariat estimates c Includes significant re-exports or imports for re-export Note For annual data 2000-2011 see Appendix A6 and A7

Table I8

Leading exporters and importers in world merchandise trade (excluding intra-EU (27) trade) 2011

28 World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Rank Exporters Value Share

Annual percentage

change Rank Importers Value Share

Annual percentage

change

1 United States 581 139 9 1 United States 395 100 72 United Kingdom 274 66 11 2 Germany 289 73 103 Germany 253 61 9 3 China 237 60 234 China 182 44 7 4 United Kingdom 170 43 65 France 167 40 15 5 Japan 166 42 76 Japan 142 34 3 6 France 143 36 97 Spain 140 34 14 7 India 124 31 78 India 137 33 11 8 Netherlands 118 30 129 Netherlands 134 32 16 9 Ireland 114 29 710 Singapore 129 31 15 10 Italy 114 29 511 Hong Kong China 121 29 14 11 Singapore 114 29 1812 Ireland 109 26 12 12 Canada 100 25 1113 Italy 105 25 8 13 Korea Republic of 98 25 314 Switzerland 94 23 15 14 Spain 93 24 815 Korea Republic of 94 23 9 15 Russian Federation 88 22 2316 Belgium 87 21 2 16 Belgium 85 21 817 Sweden 76 18 16 17 Brazil 73 18 2218 Canada 75 18 11 18 Australia 60 15 1919 Luxembourg 72 17 9 19 Denmark 56 14 1120 Denmark 65 16 9 20 Hong Kong China 56 14 1021 Austria 61 15 13 21 Sweden 56 14 1622 Russian Federation 53 13 20 22 Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 55 14 823 Australia 51 12 8 23 Thailand 51 13 1424 Taipei Chinese 46 11 15 24 United Arab Emirates 49 12 1825 Norway 42 10 6 25 Switzerland 47 12 1926 Thailand 41 10 20 26 Norway 45 11 627 Macao China 40 09 38 27 Austria 42 11 1428 Greece 38 09 2 28 Taipei Chinese 41 10 1129 Turkey 38 09 11 29 Luxembourg 41 10 1230 Poland 37 09 13 30 Malaysia 37 09 1731 Brazil 37 09 21 31 Indonesia 32 08 2432 Malaysia 35 08 7 32 Poland 31 08 433 Finland 27 07 -1 33 Finland 26 07 -534 Israel 27 06 11 34 Mexico 25 06 1535 Portugal 26 06 14 35 Iran a 25 06 36 Czech Republic 23 06 10 36 Nigeria 22 06 1337 Hungary 22 05 12 37 Angola a 20 05 38 Indonesia 20 05 23 38 Turkey 20 05 839 Egypt 19 05 -19 39 Israel 20 05 1040 Ukraine 19 05 14 40 South Africa 19 05 7

Total of above 3740 897 - Total of above 3395 859 -World 4170 1000 11 World 3955 1000 11

Leading exporters and importers in world trade in commercial services 2011

Note Figures for a number of countries and territories have been estimated by the Secretariat Annual percentage changes and rankings are affected by continuity breaks in the series for a large number of economies and by limitations in cross-country comparability See the Metadata For annual data 2001-2011 see Appendix Tables A8 and A9

a Secretariat estimate

Table I9

(Billion dollars and percentage)

29World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Annual percentage

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Annual percentage

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1 Extra-EU (27) exports 784 247 11 1 Extra-EU (27) imports 644 211 92 United States 581 183 9 2 United States 395 129 73 China 182 58 7 3 China 237 77 234 Japan 142 45 3 4 Japan 166 54 75 India 137 43 11 5 India 124 41 76 Singapore 129 41 15 6 Singapore 114 37 187 Hong Kong China 121 38 14 7 Canada 100 33 118 Switzerland 94 30 15 8 Korea Republic of 98 32 39 Korea Republic of 94 30 9 9 Russian Federation 88 29 23

10 Canada 75 23 11 10 Brazil 73 24 2211 Russian Federation 53 17 20 11 Australia 60 19 1912 Australia 51 16 8 12 Hong Kong China 56 18 1013 Taipei Chinese 46 15 15 13 Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 55 18 814 Norway 42 13 6 14 Thailand 51 17 1415 Thailand 41 13 20 15 United Arab Emirates 49 16 1816 Macao China 40 12 38 16 Switzerland 47 15 1917 Turkey 38 12 11 17 Norway 45 15 618 Brazil 37 12 21 18 Taipei Chinese 41 14 1119 Malaysia 35 11 7 19 Malaysia 37 12 1720 Israel 27 08 11 20 Indonesia 32 10 2421 Indonesia 20 06 23 21 Mexico 25 08 1522 Egypt 19 06 -19 22 Iran a 25 08 23 Ukraine 19 06 14 23 Nigeria 22 07 1324 Lebanon a 18 06 24 Angola a 20 07 25 Philippines 15 05 10 25 Turkey 20 06 826 Mexico 15 05 1 26 Israel 20 06 1027 South Africa 14 05 6 27 South Africa 19 06 728 Argentina 14 04 8 28 Kuwait 16 05 1529 Morocco 14 04 12 29 Argentina 16 05 1730 Croatia 12 04 10 30 Qatar 16 05 10331 Chile 12 04 14 31 Lebanon a 15 05 32 United Arab Emirates 12 04 9 32 Ukraine 14 05 1533 Cuba a 12 04 33 Chile 14 04 1834 Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 11 04 7 34 Egypt 13 04 035 New Zealand 10 03 11 35 Venezuela Bolivarian Rep of 12 04 1336 Kuwait 10 03 9 36 Viet Nam 12 04 2037 Iran a 9 03 37 Philippines 12 04 438 Viet Nam 9 03 19 38 Algeria 11 04 -439 Syrian Arab Republic a 8 02 39 New Zealand 11 04 1740 Panama 7 02 18 40 Kazakhstan 11 04 -3

Total of above 3010 949 - Total of above 2835 928 -World (excl intra-EU (27)) 3170 1000 11 World (excl intra-EU (27)) 3055 1000 12

Leading exporters and importers in world trade in commercial services (excluding intra-EU (27) trade) 2011

Note Figures for a number of countries and territories have been estimated by the Secretariat Annual percentage changes and rankings are affected by continuity breaks in the series for a large number of economies and by limitations in cross-country comparability See the Metadata For annual data 2001-2011 see Appendix Tables A8 and A9

a Secretariat estimate

Table I10

(Billion dollars and percentage)

30 World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Table I11

(Million dollars and percentage)

Destination Value Origin Value

2011 2005 2011 2010 2011 2011 2005 2011 2010 2011

Region Region

World 452440 1000 1000 23 17 World 462635 1000 1000 22 59North America 337369 846 746 22 15 North America 258684 613 559 23 13Asia 49391 65 109 23 29 Asia 93656 173 202 22 12Europe 45888 65 101 29 19 Europe 63084 140 136 13 16South and Central America 8628 11 19 37 19 South and Central America 19220 31 42 36 20Middle East 3664 05 08 -18 10 Africa 14905 18 32 42 51Africa 3524 05 08 12 7 Middle East 7970 10 17 43 50CIS 1916 02 04 33 25 CIS 5117 06 11 12 7

Economy Economy

United States 331738 839 733 22 15 United States 223133 551 482 20 13European Union (27) 40312 57 89 28 21 European Union (27) 52591 118 114 17 13China 16957 17 37 31 32 China 48657 76 105 24 13Japan 10776 21 24 22 21 Mexico 24807 37 54 48 16Mexico 5530 08 12 15 14 Japan 13193 38 29 20 1

Above 5 405312 942 896 - - Above 5 362382 819 783 - -Korea Republic of 5135 06 11 16 43 Korea Republic of 6674 14 14 14 12Hong Kong China 2990 03 07 39 64 Algeria 5543 11 12 5 59Brazil 2869 03 06 77 15 Taipei Chinese 4983 10 11 31 29Norway 2845 04 06 58 16 Peru 4455 03 10 40 26India 2645 02 06 6 32 Norway 4389 16 09 -12 59Australia 1917 04 04 9 13 Canada b 3973 09 09 31 4Taipei Chinese 1764 03 04 29 41 Brazil 3919 08 08 41 23Indonesia 1661 02 04 21 61 Switzerland 3196 05 07 -6 12Russian Federation 1512 01 03 48 31 Kazakhstan 2885 00 06 49 30United Arab Emirates 1372 01 03 -3 24 Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 2774 04 06 46 41Turkey 1284 01 03 4 57 Thailand 2703 05 06 16 16Switzerland 1151 02 03 43 -23 India 2561 05 06 17 24Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 868 01 02 -7 -9 Nigeria 2518 00 05 302 55Thailand 847 01 02 27 34 Iraq 2490 03 05 65 34Chile 827 01 02 1 45 Angola 2470 01 05 31 57Singapore 812 01 02 -15 0 Argentina 2385 01 05 145 58Malaysia 769 01 02 10 1 Malaysia 2162 07 05 9 -3Colombia 768 01 02 20 23 Chile 1931 04 04 19 6Egypt 718 01 02 9 18 Australia 1786 04 04 10 14Pakistan 696 01 02 48 31 Singapore 1572 02 03 9 42South Africa 690 01 02 16 51 Indonesia 1444 02 03 38 18Bolivarian Rep of Venezuela 613 02 01 2 13 Viet Nam 1346 01 03 23 18Bangladesh 557 00 01 5 -4 Russian Federation 1299 04 03 18 -19Philippines 545 01 01 42 -16 Turkey 1134 02 02 25 64Peru 521 01 01 23 13 Bangladesh 1072 01 02 14 32Argentina 500 00 01 80 81 Israel 993 02 02 17 2Cuba 467 01 01 36 23 South Africa 934 02 02 25 34Israel 401 01 01 22 7 Philippines 925 02 02 33 7New Zealand 385 01 01 18 23 United Arab Emirates 910 00 02 -13 hellipTrinidad and Tobago 345 00 01 25 19 Colombia 808 01 02 8 16Viet Nam 339 00 01 33 32 Bolivarian Rep of Venezuela 741 05 02 -6 -3Sri Lanka 306 00 01 15 -10 Cuba 710 01 02 44 12Morocco 303 00 01 -45 67 Cocircte dIvoire 636 00 01 108 56Ecuador 284 00 01 8 11 Equatorial Guinea 636 01 01 113 -2Ghana 269 00 01 25 55 New Zealand 556 01 01 9 28

Above 40 445288 993 984 - - Above 40 441894 961 955 - -

b In 2011 Canada reported imports from Canada accounting for nearly 1 percent of its total merchandise importsa Imports are valued fob

Merchandise trade of Canada by origin and destination 2011

Annual percentage

change

Annual percentage

change Share Share

Exports Imports a

4 Bilateral trade of leading traders

31World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Table I12

(Million dollars and percentage)

Destination Value Origin Value

2011 2005 2011 2010 2011 2011 2005 2011 2010 2011

Region Region World 1480432 1000 1000 21 16 World 2265894 1000 1000 23 15North America 479841 367 324 24 16 Asia 841716 368 371 23 10Asia 412148 268 278 28 13 North America 585684 268 258 26 14Europe 315721 227 213 11 14 Europe 416485 200 184 14 16South and Central America 166285 79 112 27 21 South and Central America 178846 75 79 20 31Middle East 58356 35 39 9 20 Middle East 106282 38 47 26 38Africa 33204 17 22 16 16 Africa 94857 39 42 35 8CIS 12908 06 09 14 40 CIS 42025 11 19 34 30

Economy Economy Canada 280710 234 190 21 13 China 417303 150 184 24 9European Union (27) 269137 207 182 9 12 European Union (27) 375512 184 166 14 15Mexico 197544 133 133 27 21 Canada 319101 168 141 23 14China 103878 46 70 32 13 Mexico 265347 100 117 30 14Japan 66160 61 45 18 9 Japan 132442 82 58 26 7

Above 5 917429 681 620 - - Above 5 1509705 684 666 - -Korea Republic of 43505 31 29 36 12 Korea Republic of 58580 26 26 25 16Brazil 42943 17 29 35 21 Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 48760 17 22 40 49Hong Kong China 36489 18 25 26 37 Bolivarian Rep of Venezuela 43863 20 19 16 31Singapore 31374 23 21 31 8 Taipei Chinese 42651 21 19 27 15Australia 27512 17 19 11 26 India 37468 11 17 39 22Taipei Chinese 25896 24 17 41 -1 Russian Federation 35511 09 16 40 34Switzerland 24446 12 17 18 18 Nigeria 34348 14 15 59 10India 21628 09 15 17 13 Brazil 32472 15 14 19 30United Arab Emirates 15886 09 11 -4 37 Malaysia 26485 20 12 11 -1Chile 15873 06 11 16 46 Thailand 25746 12 11 19 9Turkey 14632 05 10 49 39 Switzerland 24868 08 11 20 28Colombia 14315 06 10 27 19 Colombia 23721 05 10 37 46Malaysia 14217 12 10 34 2 Israel 23250 10 10 12 10Israel 13956 11 09 18 24 Indonesia 19992 07 09 27 15Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 13820 08 09 7 19 Singapore 19363 09 09 12 9Bolivarian Rep of Venezuela 12351 07 08 14 16 Viet Nam 18454 04 08 22 16Thailand 10927 08 07 30 22 Iraq 17365 06 08 30 38Argentina 9878 05 07 33 33 Algeria 14913 06 07 34 0Peru 8319 03 06 37 23 Angola 13833 05 06 27 13Russian Federation 8285 04 06 11 39 Costa Rica 10370 02 05 54 16Panama 8248 02 06 39 36 Australia 10361 04 05 7 18Philippines 7706 08 05 28 4 Ecuador 10034 04 04 40 28Indonesia 7415 03 05 36 7 Chile 9728 04 04 16 27Dominican Republic 7346 05 05 24 12 South Africa 9648 03 04 40 16South Africa 7294 04 05 26 30 Philippines 9480 06 04 18 14Guatemala 6205 03 04 14 39 Norway 8563 04 04 22 19Egypt 6183 04 04 30 -10 Trinidad and Tobago 8513 05 04 25 21Honduras 6139 04 04 36 33 Kuwait 8010 03 04 41 43Costa Rica 6118 04 04 10 18 Peru 6537 03 03 21 22Ecuador 6040 02 04 39 11 Turkey 5463 03 02 15 24Nigeria 4815 02 03 10 19 Bangladesh 5082 02 02 17 12Viet Nam 4341 01 03 19 17 Argentina 4732 03 02 -3 18Norway 3632 02 02 13 17 Honduras 4692 02 02 18 14New Zealand 3497 03 02 31 24 Gabon 4659 02 02 77 105Bahamas 3418 02 02 31 6 Hong Kong China 4412 05 02 21 -1

Above 40 1412078 964 954 - - Above 40 2191633 967 967 - -

Annual percentage

change

Merchandise trade of the United States by origin and destination 2011

Annual percentage

change Share Share

Exports Imports

32 World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Table I13

(Million dollars and percentage)

Destination Value Origin Value

2011 2005 2011 2010 2011 2011 2005 2011 2010 2011

Region Region

World 6038597 1000 1000 12 17 World 6255558 1000 1000 13 17Europe 4293810 735 711 10 17 Europe 4239897 703 678 10 16Asia 575412 75 95 24 21 Asia 824999 123 132 21 10North America 433089 89 72 15 15 CIS 356204 56 57 28 36CIS 210719 25 35 22 30 North America 307863 42 49 10 16Africa 183490 26 30 10 13 Africa 203123 31 32 19 15Middle East 159228 27 26 9 15 Middle East 138009 20 22 38 44South and Central America 109472 13 18 32 21 South and Central America 132179 18 21 20 22

Economy Economy

European Union (27) 3905709 678 647 10 16 European Union (27) a 3905709 652 624 10 16United States 362942 77 60 13 13 China 406867 47 65 25 9Switzerland 169376 25 28 13 21 United States 256584 48 41 7 14China 189644 16 31 31 26 Russian Federation 277571 33 44 29 31Russian Federation 150924 17 25 25 32 Switzerland 126973 20 20 7 15

Above 5 4778596 814 791 - - Above 5 4973705 801 795 - -Turkey 101192 14 17 32 25 Norway 130209 20 21 10 24Japan 68149 13 11 16 17 Japan 93933 22 15 10 8Norway 64815 10 11 6 17 Turkey 66258 11 11 11 18India 56272 07 09 21 22 Korea Republic of 50273 10 08 16 -3United Arab Emirates 45451 08 08 6 24 Brazil 52705 07 08 22 22Brazil 49734 05 08 38 20 India 54853 06 09 24 25Korea Republic of 45179 06 07 23 22 Taipei Chinese 33419 07 05 28 4Canada 41228 07 07 16 17 Algeria 38567 06 06 15 38Australia 42887 06 07 17 21 Libya 14530 06 02 33 -63Hong Kong China 42013 06 07 30 18 Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 39150 07 06 33 81Singapore 37762 05 06 14 17 Canada 31837 05 05 20 19Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 36779 05 06 16 20 Malaysia 29299 05 05 35 6South Africa 35685 06 06 27 26 Singapore 26383 05 04 22 6Mexico 33152 05 05 27 17 South Africa 24740 05 04 14 4Ukraine 29496 04 05 18 28 Thailand 24417 04 04 15 6Algeria 23952 03 04 0 16 Kazakhstan 31832 03 05 40 51Israel 23458 04 04 20 23 Nigeria 33617 02 05 32 75Taipei Chinese 22564 04 04 40 15 Indonesia 22510 03 04 13 22Morocco 21116 04 03 9 16 Iran 22749 03 04 47 18Egypt 19409 03 03 12 -1 Mexico 22658 03 04 25 30Iran 14602 04 02 3 -3 Ukraine 20977 03 03 38 38Croatia 15969 03 03 -9 17 Israel 17623 03 03 19 20Malaysia 16586 03 03 11 11 Hong Kong China 14172 03 02 7 0Tunisia 15216 02 03 17 3 Australia 16401 03 03 15 26Nigeria 17360 02 03 10 23 Chile 15255 02 02 20 22Thailand 16502 02 03 24 25 Viet Nam 17840 02 03 17 40Serbia 11925 01 02 7 21 Azerbaijan 20660 01 03 26 60Argentina 11580 01 02 48 18 Argentina 14858 02 02 8 20Indonesia 10235 01 02 16 21 Tunisia 13747 02 02 13 9Chile 10651 01 02 27 33 Morocco 12113 03 02 12 18Belarus 10046 01 02 26 14 Egypt 13248 02 02 11 38Kazakhstan 8351 01 01 -6 21 United Arab Emirates 12321 03 02 47 60Libya 2924 01 00 1 -67 Iraq 13171 01 02 6 39Qatar 6800 01 01 -4 -4 Qatar 18700 00 03 136 79Gibraltar 11057 01 02 35 72 Bangladesh 11954 01 02 9 35

Above 40 5798689 965 960 - - Above 40 6050685 970 967 - -

a The figures are affected by the INTRASTAT system of recording trade between EU member States Intra-EU (27) imports are under-recorded To compensate for this under-recording intra-EU (27) exports have been used to obtain total (World) imports

Exports Imports

Merchandise trade of the European Union (27) by origin and destination 2011

Annual percentage

change

Annual percentage

change Share Share

33World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Table I14

(Million dollars and percentage)

Destination Value Origin Value

2011 2005 2011 2010 2011 2011 2005 2011 2010 2011

Region Region

World 822564 1000 1000 33 7 World 854998 1000 1000 26 23Asia 482969 510 587 37 7 Asia 442550 499 518 28 22North America 146824 255 178 27 5 Middle East 161154 169 188 28 36Europe 109819 157 134 21 11 North America 93078 149 109 15 12South and Central America 17843 16 22 47 0 Europe 91331 127 107 12 20Middle East 24562 28 30 17 -3 South and Central America 29275 24 34 45 28Africa 9899 12 12 26 -2 CIS 20005 13 23 78 17CIS 13760 09 17 122 51 Africa 17106 19 20 28 46

Economy Economy

China 162062 135 197 36 8 China 183818 210 215 25 20United States 127679 229 155 26 6 European Union (27) 80228 114 94 12 21European Union (27) 95909 148 117 20 10 United States 76141 127 89 14 10Korea Republic of 66167 78 80 32 6 Australia 56472 47 66 29 26Taipei Chinese 50961 73 62 44 -3 Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 50514 56 59 23 40

Above 5 502778 662 611 - - Above 5 447173 553 523 - -Hong Kong China a 42954 60 52 33 2 United Arab Emirates 42909 49 50 29 46Thailand 37531 38 46 54 10 Korea Republic of 39798 47 47 30 39Singapore 27265 31 33 22 8 Indonesia 34061 40 40 29 21Malaysia 18796 21 23 37 7 Malaysia 30463 28 36 36 34Australia 17818 21 22 30 12 Qatar 30083 21 35 37 38Indonesia 17739 15 22 71 11 Thailand 24508 30 29 31 17Panama 14939 12 18 21 -4 Taipei Chinese 23254 35 27 26 1Russian Federation 11819 08 14 144 48 Russian Federation 18972 12 22 82 18Philippines 11229 15 14 35 1 Kuwait 13113 15 15 15 27India 11079 06 13 43 23 Canada 12954 17 15 19 19Mexico 10229 12 12 39 8 Iran Islamic Rep of 12902 20 15 20 15Viet Nam 9595 06 12 25 17 Brazil 12795 09 15 55 30Switzerland 9230 04 11 24 19 Viet Nam 11556 09 14 17 41Canada 8911 15 11 20 -4 Chile 9977 10 12 43 32United Arab Emirates 7438 08 09 13 1 Philippines 8921 15 10 23 13Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 6497 07 08 20 0 Singapore 8671 13 10 34 6Brazil 6207 05 08 46 0 South Africa 8427 11 10 44 17South Africa 4316 06 05 47 13 Switzerland 7837 10 09 8 15Liberia 3300 02 04 32 69 India 6812 06 08 52 20Turkey 3071 04 04 59 20 Brunei Darussalam 5542 04 06 19 40Oman 2796 02 03 34 -11 Oman 5145 05 06 37 14Chile 2346 02 03 103 -14 Mexico 3984 05 05 24 14Israel 2181 02 03 56 23 Iraq 3728 01 04 143 9New Zealand 1925 04 02 26 1 New Zealand 3106 05 04 27 15Marshall Islands 1868 00 02 138 -6 Peru 2393 01 03 28 13Iran Islamic Rep of 1709 02 02 27 -18 Norway 2350 02 03 18 21Pakistan 1699 03 02 30 29 Sudan 2264 04 03 13 86Colombia 1497 01 02 60 20 Nigeria 1657 02 02 1 206Norway 1427 02 02 5 29 Hong Kong China 1543 03 02 38 1Kuwait 1349 02 02 16 -5 Equatorial Guinea 1323 00 02 -54 268Egypt 1344 01 02 7 -8 Israel 1081 02 01 2 30Bangladesh 1075 01 01 34 5 Argentina 1078 01 01 58 8Qatar 1019 02 01 -30 -11 Papua New Guinea 944 01 01 42 -3Argentina 977 01 01 41 14 Egypt 875 00 01 52 90Sri Lanka 945 01 01 209 50 Kazakhstan 763 01 01 81 27

Above 40 806900 983 981 - - Above 40 842964 987 986 - -

a Includes significant shipments recorded as exports to Hong Kong China with China as final destination

Merchandise trade of Japan by origin and destination 2011

Annual percentage

change

Annual percentage

change Share Share

Exports Imports

34 World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Table I15

(Million dollars and percentage)

Value Share Value Share

2010 2010 2005-10 2009 2010 2010 2010 2005-10 2009 2010

European Union (27)

World 1604379 1000 6 -13 4 World 1419238 1000 6 -12 2European Union (27) 899923 561 6 -14 2 European Union (27) 828036 583 5 -12 1United States 168349 105 2 -15 2 United States 172830 122 4 -11 0Switzerland 93115 58 8 -9 4 Switzerland 67897 48 8 -9 2Russian Federation 30531 19 15 -18 19 China 21637 15 12 -15 14China 29521 18 14 -11 11 Japan 19628 14 5 -24 10

Above 5 1221439 761 - - - Above 5 1110028 782 - - -Japan 25812 16 1 -14 5 Russian Federation 18534 13 9 -23 18Norway 24353 15 6 -11 1 Turkey 18200 13 5 -15 14Australia 18874 12 12 -8 13 Norway 13836 10 4 -19 -1Singapore 17505 11 10 -14 13 Singapore 12397 09 11 -17 14Canada 17358 11 9 -11 14 Canada 12229 09 6 -18 9India 14193 09 17 -3 14 India 11420 08 13 -14 13Brazil 12915 08 17 -12 -1 Hong Kong China 9831 07 8 -22 7Hong Kong China 11713 07 2 -24 15 Australia 8914 06 4 -15 11Turkey 10534 07 12 -10 18 Egypt 8783 06 7 -14 10Korea Republic of 9966 06 6 -28 17 Brazil 7475 05 9 -7 -14

Above 15 1384662 863 - - - Above 15 1231647 868 - - -United States

World 532142 1000 8 -6 8 World 369907 1000 6 -7 6European Union (27) 169098 318 -12 -1 European Union (27) 125399 339 -12 2Canada 50521 95 9 -5 18 Bermuda 31740 86 21 36 -6Japan 44750 84 2 -4 12 Canada 25579 69 3 -11 15Mexico 24110 45 2 -11 4 Japan 23541 64 3 -14 12China 21135 40 20 6 32 Switzerland 19665 53 10 -2 6

Above 5 309614 582 - - - Above 5 225924 611 - - -Switzerland 20313 38 12 -5 8 Mexico 13730 37 -1 -13 1Brazil 16515 31 23 8 26 India 13661 37 22 -1 11Korea Republic of 15105 28 10 -1 18 China 9967 27 10 -12 22Australia 13168 25 12 0 10 Korea Republic of 7756 21 6 -12 21Bermuda 11061 21 18 14 1 Hong Kong China 6492 18 5 -20 12India 10319 19 15 -4 5 Taipei Chinese 6330 17 0 -22 24Singapore 9709 18 12 -3 38 Australia 5600 15 4 -6 5Taipei Chinese 9292 17 10 7 44 Brazil 5232 14 22 2 5Hong Kong China 5507 10 8 -1 -4 Israel 4044 11 11 1 3Venezuela Bolivarian Rep of 5013 09 14 3 -3 Singapore 3771 10 1 -9 8

Above 15 425616 800 - - - Above 15 302507 818 - - -China a

World 170248 1000 18 -12 32 World 192174 1000 18 0 22Hong Kong China 49426 290 -11 33 Hong Kong China 33777 176 0 28European Union (27) 18508 109 -19 8 European Union (27) 28500 148 -14 40Japan 11439 67 -12 20 United States 21135 110 -33 35United States 9967 59 -64 22 Japan 18233 95 3 20Taipei Chinese 7568 44 -2 18 Korea Republic of 11233 58 -3 11

Above 5 96908 569 - - - Above 5 112878 587 - - -Korea Republic of 6845 40 -28 22 Australia 8161 42 -14 36Singapore 6186 36 -4 19 Macao China 5304 28 -3 -26Macao China 2920 17 -30 -3 Taipei Chinese 5082 26 12 112Australia 1635 10 -25 49 Singapore 4806 25 17 20

Above 9 114495 673 - - - Above 9 136231 709 - - -

Trade in commercial services of selected economies by origin and destination 2010

Annual percentage change

Annual percentage change

Exports Imports

35World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Table I15 (continued)

(Million dollars and percentage)

Value Share Value Share

2010 2010 2005-10 2009 2010 2010 2010 2005-10 2009 2010

Japan

World 138705 1000 6 -14 10 World 155611 1000 5 -12 6United States 36232 261 -7 6 United States 44530 286 -9 7European Union (27) 33368 241 -21 0 European Union (27) 32374 208 -9 2Singapore 12837 93 -25 23 China 8915 57 -1 2China 10155 73 -13 29 Singapore 8086 52 -24 17Taipei Chinese 9229 67 0 37 Korea Republic of 6652 43 -28 13

Above 5 101819 734 - - - Above 5 100557 646 - - -Indonesia 3451 25 -12 91 Hong Kong China 5466 35 -27 14Korea Republic of 3414 25 -19 -10 Taipei Chinese 4642 30 -16 24Thailand 2951 21 -49 15 Australia 3615 23 -4 6Australia 2607 19 23 -5 Thailand 3051 20 -6 6Switzerland 2257 16 -32 22 Switzerland 2783 18 -16 5Canada 2109 15 -41 3 United Arab Emirates 1971 13 -21 -46India 2071 15 -19 60 Indonesia 1814 12 -4 7Hong Kong China 2061 15 -27 hellip Canada 1687 11 -9 20Brazil 1138 08 12 23 Philippines 1686 11 -14 14Malaysia 1069 08 hellip 122 Russian Federation 1445 09 86 56

Above 15 124945 901 - - - Above 15 128716 827 - - -Hong Kong China b

World 106089 1000 11 -6 23 World 50855 1000 8 -7 16China 29670 280 13 1 30 China 13481 265 8 -3 16United States 22253 210 12 -7 23 European Union (27) 8623 170 -8 14European Union (27) 19552 184 -8 22 United States 7384 145 8 -5 13Japan 6205 58 7 -8 14 Japan 4139 81 7 -13 21Taipei Chinese 4453 42 0 -19 16 Singapore 3055 60 16 -6 20

Above 5 82133 774 - - - Above 5 36682 721 - - -Australia 2881 27 14 -8 23 Australia 2562 50 4 -6 19Singapore 2835 27 10 -4 15 Taipei Chinese 2228 44 10 -5 22Korea Republic of 2531 24 11 -20 28 Canada 1346 26 7 -20 20Canada 1612 15 10 -19 22 Thailand 900 18 -1 -17 13Malaysia 1356 13 12 -11 22 Korea Republic of 892 18 2 -7 19Switzerland 1329 13 16 -3 53 Macao China 804 16 12 2 18India 1264 12 18 4 31 India 802 16 18 -15 26Indonesia 971 09 18 -9 107 Malaysia 769 15 10 2 8Thailand 930 09 5 -10 27 Switzerland 420 08 12 2 21Philippines 788 07 8 -3 15 Philippines 420 08 4 -24 16

Above 15 98630 930 - - - Above 15 47825 940 - - -Korea Republic of

World 86266 1000 12 -19 19 World 94956 1000 10 -17 19China 13728 159 18 -26 41 United States 25642 270 9 -8 19United States 13055 151 3 -18 15 European Union (27) 17884 188 11 -20 12Japan 10780 125 10 -10 27 China 10585 111 11 -19 23European Union (27) 9778 113 8 -34 28 Japan 8972 94 4 -22 20United Arab Emirates 5040 58 53 148 -8 Hong Kong China 4633 49 13 -38 28

Above 5 52381 607 - - - Above 5 67716 713 - - -Hong Kong China 4142 48 8 -28 33 Singapore 3655 38 7 -30 29Singapore 3452 40 20 -23 16 Australia 2387 25 11 -8 44Saudi Arabia Kingdom of 2172 25 26 41 -11 Viet Nam 2100 22 22 -5 33Taipei Chinese 1953 23 6 -40 55 United Arab Emirates 1751 18 29 -2 34India 1649 19 27 13 26 Canada 1569 17 4 -11 21Viet Nam 1532 18 32 -21 13 Indonesia 1520 16 18 -5 28Australia 1394 16 23 76 11 Taipei Chinese 1347 14 11 -19 36Russian Federation 1339 16 24 -47 73 Philippines 1290 14 9 -37 108Thailand 1304 15 7 -15 12 Thailand 1193 13 4 -20 34Malaysia 1004 12 13 -28 50 India 817 09 20 8 15

Above 15 72323 838 - - - Above 15 85344 899 - - -

Trade in commercial services of selected economies by origin and destination 2010

Annual percentage change

Annual percentage change

Exports Imports

36 World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Table I15 (continued)

(Million dollars and percentage)

Value Share Value Share

2010 2010 2005-10 2009 2010 2010 2010 2005-10 2009 2010

Canada World 67432 1000 4 -12 15 World 89963 1000 7 -11 15United States 36726 545 3 -10 14 United States 51903 577 6 -10 17European Union (27) 12064 179 4 -19 20 European Union (27) 14112 157 6 -11 6Japan 1150 17 -1 -24 34 Japan 1358 15 -7 -18 11

Above 3 49941 741 - - - Above 3 67373 749 - - -Russian Federation c

World 44466 1000 12 -19 8 World 71629 1000 14 -20 21European Union (27) 16785 377 11 -22 5 European Union (27) 30923 432 13 -16 16United States 3727 84 11 -2 3 Turkey 4841 68 7 -34 13Ukraine 2202 50 15 -38 5 United States 3825 53 15 -3 4Switzerland 1821 41 11 -8 18 Ukraine 3439 48 11 -9 32Kazakhstan 1499 34 16 -15 8 Egypt 2994 42 25 13 47

Above 5 26034 585 - - - Above 5 46022 642 - - -Turkey 1220 27 6 -45 1 Switzerland 2167 30 17 -6 17British Virgin Islands 1179 27 19 -11 13 China 1362 19 7 -38 37China 992 22 9 -5 20 Belarus 1097 15 21 -20 43Uzbekistan 959 22 34 -26 -10 Panama 1058 15 -6 4Tajikistan 642 14 31 -36 2 Thailand 1000 14 -12 105Belarus 598 13 15 -21 37 United Arab Emirates 876 12 16 -12 32Korea Republic of 555 12 8 -10 3 Kazakhstan 719 10 7 -24 -7Azerbaijan 504 11 20 -14 22 Korea Republic of 674 09 21 21 8Panama 476 11 28 -12 7 Israel 636 09 10 2 7Japan 472 11 -2 -11 6 British Virgin Islands 622 09 31 -31 74

Above 15 33631 756 - - - Above 15 56234 785 - - -Australia

World 46944 1000 9 -9 16 World 50036 1000 11 -15 23European Union (27) 7727 165 4 -9 14 European Union (27) 11497 230 10 -11 28China 5358 114 18 5 28 United States 8625 172 12 -13 15United States 4431 94 6 -13 10 Singapore 3192 64 7 -34 19New Zealand 2989 64 4 -16 19 New Zealand 2450 49 10 -4 11India 2845 61 25 13 0 Japan 2001 40 8 -21 23

Above 5 23349 497 - - - Above 5 27766 555 - - -Singapore 2362 50 5 -29 4 Thailand 1782 36 21 0 2Japan 1894 40 -4 -20 20 Hong Kong China 1761 35 7 -18 24Korea Republic of 1749 37 11 -9 24 Indonesia 1645 33 21 18 49Hong Kong China 1542 33 5 -4 18 China 1497 30 10 -14 33Malaysia 1507 32 9 -1 19 Switzerland 1467 29 15 -28 49Indonesia 1094 23 12 8 23 Fiji 1051 21 14 -10 42Thailand 914 19 13 7 11 Malaysia 1029 21 12 -15 37Viet Nam 857 18 35 32 32 Canada 722 14 8 -19 14Switzerland 751 16 16 -1 23 Viet Nam 638 13 15 -16 36Canada 690 15 11 -11 17 India 593 12 19 -12 15

Above 15 36709 782 - - - Above 15 39951 798 - - -

b Financial intermediation services are not allocated geographically In 2010 they represented 1 per cent of exports and 1 per cent of importsc In 2010 trade in commercial services not allocated geographically accounted for 12 per cent of exports and 15 per cent of importsNote For more information on asymmetries see the Metadata

Trade in commercial services of selected economies by origin and destination 2010

Annual percentage change

Annual percentage change

Exports Imports

a ASEAN countries accounted for 7 per cent of total commercial services exports and 9 per cent of imports

37World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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5 Regional trade agreements

Table I16

(Million dollars and percentage)

Destination Value Value Value

2011 2005 2011 2010 2011 2011 2005 2011 2010 2011 2011 2005 2011 2010 2011

Exports

CanadaAgricultural products 60 114 133 19 15 31 89 91 17 12 29 255 254 22 19Fuels and mining products 154 257 341 31 27 126 270 373 31 24 28 186 247 32 41Manufactures 204 572 451 19 10 164 586 487 20 10 40 496 346 14 9Total exports 452 1000 1000 23 17 337 1000 1000 22 15 115 1000 1000 23 23

MexicoAgricultural products 23 59 66 13 22 18 55 63 14 20 5 81 78 12 31Fuels and mining products 69 167 198 38 39 54 152 188 34 35 16 274 244 53 55Manufactures 247 770 707 30 11 206 788 720 29 9 41 642 647 33 24Total exports 350 1000 1000 30 17 286 1000 1000 29 14 64 1000 1000 35 31

United StatesAgricultural products 168 92 114 19 18 46 78 96 13 17 122 100 122 22 18Fuels and mining products 185 56 125 45 44 58 67 121 53 47 127 50 127 42 43Manufactures 1048 810 708 18 11 361 828 753 22 12 687 800 686 16 10Total exports 1480 1000 1000 21 16 479 1000 1000 24 16 1001 1000 1000 20 16

NAFTAAgricultural products 251 93 110 19 18 95 77 86 14 16 157 113 133 22 19Fuels and mining products 409 121 179 38 36 238 162 216 36 32 171 71 145 41 44Manufactures 1499 746 657 20 11 731 730 663 24 11 768 768 651 16 11Total exports 2282 1000 1000 23 16 1102 1000 1000 25 15 1180 1000 1000 21 17

Imports

CanadaAgricultural products 37 68 81 12 14 23 70 88 10 12 15 66 72 17 18Fuels and mining products 70 120 152 34 34 28 73 108 37 37 43 194 209 32 31Manufactures 334 789 722 21 11 199 835 769 23 11 135 715 663 17 12Total imports 463 1000 1000 22 15 259 1000 1000 23 13 204 1000 1000 21 17

MexicoAgricultural products 30 74 83 16 24 24 102 125 16 24 6 38 37 18 27Fuels and mining products 47 80 130 52 42 35 96 186 56 53 12 58 67 43 17Manufactures 276 835 765 27 12 128 799 675 26 12 148 882 865 28 12Total imports 361 1000 1000 28 16 190 1000 1000 28 20 171 1000 1000 29 13

United StatesAgricultural products 137 55 61 16 18 47 77 79 17 13 91 47 54 15 20Fuels and mining products 523 194 231 31 28 175 233 299 31 27 348 180 207 31 29Manufactures 1523 715 672 22 11 335 639 572 27 9 1188 743 707 21 12Total imports 2266 1000 1000 23 15 586 1000 1000 26 14 1680 1000 1000 22 15

NAFTAAgricultural products 205 59 66 15 18 93 79 90 15 15 111 48 54 15 20Fuels and mining products 640 172 207 33 30 238 170 230 35 31 402 173 196 31 29Manufactures 2133 738 691 22 11 662 714 640 25 10 1471 750 716 21 12Total imports 3090 1000 1000 23 15 1034 1000 1000 25 15 2055 1000 1000 22 15

NAFTA Other origindestination

Annual percentage

change

Merchandise trade of NAFTA countries by major product group and by origindestination 2011

Annual percentage

change Share Share Share

Annual percentage

change

World

38 World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Table I17

(Million dollars and percentage)

Destination Value Value Value

2011 2005 2011 2010 2011 2011 2005 2011 2010 2011 2011 2005 2011 2010 2011

Exports Argentina

Agricultural products 45 475 539 23 31 5 234 238 25 34 40 532 638 23 30Fuels and mining products 8 195 97 7 -1 2 181 117 -5 23 6 198 91 1 0Manufactures 26 304 314 23 20 13 585 645 30 16 13 238 206 16 25Total exports 84 1000 1000 22 23 21 1000 1000 24 21 63 1000 1000 22 24

BrazilAgricultural products 86 296 338 19 26 2 57 54 26 19 85 322 372 19 26Fuels and mining products 78 160 304 72 38 4 77 142 8 59 74 169 324 143 0Manufactures 84 521 328 22 18 22 865 803 50 19 62 483 270 15 18Total exports 256 1000 1000 32 27 28 1000 1000 43 23 228 1000 1000 31 27

ParaguayAgricultural products 5 846 875 43 20 2 841 843 44 27 2 852 908 42 15Fuels and mining products 0 14 17 103 141 0 21 18 68 149 0 05 15 525 0Manufactures 1 138 107 42 22 0 138 139 39 30 0 138 74 48 10Total exports 6 1000 1000 43 22 3 1000 1000 43 28 3 1000 1000 43 15

UruguayAgricultural products 6 634 722 22 18 1 348 406 24 5 5 719 860 22 21Fuels and mining products 0 53 10 131 -59 0 41 27 405 -63 0 56 03 -67 0Manufactures 2 296 256 24 28 1 612 567 37 32 1 202 121 5 20Total exports 8 1000 1000 24 18 2 1000 1000 39 12 6 1000 1000 18 21

MERCOSURAgricultural products 142 353 403 21 27 10 166 182 29 26 132 380 442 21 27Fuels and mining products 86 165 244 60 33 6 111 121 5 39 80 173 266 121 0Manufactures 113 459 320 23 19 37 723 697 42 18 76 420 252 15 19Total exports 353 1000 1000 29 26 54 1000 1000 35 22 300 1000 1000 29 26

ImportsArgentina

Agricultural products 3 43 35 9 21 1 55 42 -14 17 2 36 31 31 23Fuels and mining products 12 84 156 75 92 3 101 110 69 35 9 73 176 288 0Manufactures 59 863 794 44 23 19 844 848 49 21 39 877 770 42 24Total imports 74 1000 1000 46 31 23 1000 1000 46 22 51 1000 1000 46 35

BrazilAgricultural products 14 59 60 33 25 6 284 286 21 22 8 35 38 44 26Fuels and mining products 52 222 220 63 36 2 162 97 14 18 50 228 231 127 0Manufactures 171 719 720 40 20 13 553 616 41 10 158 737 730 39 21Total imports 237 1000 1000 43 24 21 1000 1000 32 14 216 1000 1000 45 25

ParaguayAgricultural products 1 94 80 31 22 1 155 135 25 17 0 44 40 56 38Fuels and mining products 2 155 140 19 37 1 207 214 52 27 1 111 86 28 0Manufactures 10 751 779 51 20 3 637 650 52 26 6 845 872 51 18Total imports 12 1000 1000 45 23 5 1000 1000 47 25 7 1000 1000 43 21

UruguayAgricultural products 1 112 132 23 37 1 180 230 12 45 0 63 70 49 23Fuels and mining products 2 259 215 0 33 1 105 164 -74 236 2 370 248 68 0Manufactures 7 629 652 34 21 3 716 606 27 13 4 567 681 39 26Total imports 11 1000 1000 25 24 4 1000 1000 -1 34 7 1000 1000 46 19

MERCOSURAgricultural products 19 58 57 28 25 9 148 162 15 23 11 36 38 42 26Fuels and mining products 68 186 202 59 43 6 130 120 18 36 61 200 218 137 0Manufactures 246 754 736 41 21 38 722 718 45 17 207 761 740 40 22Total imports 334 1000 1000 43 25 53 1000 1000 36 20 280 1000 1000 45 26

MERCOSUR Other origindestination

Annual percentage

change

Merchandise trade of MERCOSUR countries by major product group and by origindestination 2011

Annual percentage

change Share Share Share

Annual percentage

change

World

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Table I18

(Million dollars and percentage)

Destination Value Value Value

2011 2005 2011 2010 2011 2011 2005 2011 2010 2011 2011 2005 2011 2010 2011

Exports Bolivia Plurinational State of

Agricultural products 1 220 132 -1 10 0 799 595 -5 6 1 148 88 3 13Fuels and mining products 7 642 801 36 39 0 104 364 103 49 6 709 842 35 38Manufactures 0 109 39 41 -18 0 94 41 12 10 0 111 38 44 -21Total exports 8 1000 1000 28 32 1 1000 1000 13 18 8 1000 1000 30 34

ColombiaAgricultural products 7 217 124 -3 23 0 93 100 22 23 7 231 125 -4 23Fuels and mining products 37 406 652 42 60 0 254 143 173 -9 37 422 685 41 62Manufactures 10 347 174 -3 14 3 653 756 31 17 7 314 137 -11 13Total exports 57 1000 1000 21 43 3 1000 1000 43 13 54 1000 1000 20 46

EcuadorAgricultural products 7 318 334 7 25 0 143 166 2 47 7 345 358 7 24Fuels and mining products 13 586 585 39 33 1 567 530 48 33 12 588 592 38 33Manufactures 2 71 75 40 0 1 290 302 26 16 1 38 43 55 -12Total exports 22 1000 1000 26 28 3 1000 1000 32 29 20 1000 1000 25 27

PeruAgricultural products 8 182 170 22 33 0 165 199 17 38 7 183 169 22 32Fuels and mining products 23 486 495 49 29 1 372 276 50 -1 22 491 507 49 31Manufactures 5 141 106 17 28 1 464 526 23 21 4 125 84 15 31Total exports 46 1000 1000 32 30 2 1000 1000 29 17 44 1000 1000 32 31

Andean CommunityAgricultural products 23 225 175 7 26 2 168 183 6 27 22 231 175 7 26Fuels and mining products 80 481 596 43 44 3 358 309 69 16 77 493 617 42 45Manufactures 17 210 126 6 15 5 474 507 28 18 12 185 97 0 14Total exports 134 1000 1000 26 35 9 1000 1000 34 19 125 1000 1000 26 36

Imports Bolivia Plurinational State of

Agricultural products 1 116 89 7 49 0 158 186 19 101 1 112 80 5 41Fuels and mining products 1 111 147 38 62 0 45 50 63 7 1 118 157 37 65Manufactures 6 762 761 23 39 1 793 763 18 25 5 759 760 23 41Total imports 8 1000 1000 18 42 1 1000 1000 20 33 7 1000 1000 18 43

ColombiaAgricultural products 6 104 105 19 27 1 298 212 1 13 5 90 97 23 30Fuels and mining products 5 52 88 59 66 0 129 105 52 26 4 47 87 60 70Manufactures 44 832 796 22 33 2 572 683 31 39 41 851 804 21 33Total imports 55 1000 1000 24 34 4 1000 1000 24 31 51 1000 1000 24 35

EcuadorAgricultural products 2 87 98 21 23 1 96 178 31 25 2 86 86 19 23Fuels and mining products 6 123 236 62 24 0 248 145 69 -21 5 98 249 61 31Manufactures 16 723 663 32 15 2 655 676 34 6 14 737 661 31 17Total imports 24 1000 1000 36 18 3 1000 1000 39 4 21 1000 1000 36 20

PeruAgricultural products 4 132 118 33 25 0 129 137 16 9 4 133 116 36 27Fuels and mining products 6 207 167 40 37 2 579 544 45 27 4 145 127 38 42Manufactures 27 660 707 38 24 1 291 318 35 9 26 722 748 38 24Total imports 38 1000 1000 38 26 4 1000 1000 36 18 34 1000 1000 38 27

Andean CommunityAgricultural products 13 108 106 23 27 2 166 176 13 19 11 101 100 25 28Fuels and mining products 18 113 145 51 40 3 321 257 51 15 15 87 134 51 46Manufactures 92 758 741 28 27 6 513 566 32 19 86 789 758 28 28Total imports 125 1000 1000 30 29 11 1000 1000 32 18 114 1000 1000 30 30

Andean Community Other origindestination

Annual percentage

change

Merchandise trade of Andean Community countries by major product group and by origindestination 2011

Annual percentage

change Share Share Share

Annual percentage

change

World

40 World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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Table I19

(Million dollars and percentage)

Destination Value a

Value Value

2011 2005 2011 2010 2011 2011 2005 2011 2010 2011 2011 2005 2011 2010 2011

Exports Indonesia

Agricultural products 47 167 237 39 32 8 126 186 44 23 40 176 250 38 34Fuels and mining products 84 361 416 39 34 17 245 414 37 39 66 388 417 40 33Manufactures 67 469 336 22 15 16 621 382 26 9 52 435 324 21 17Total exports 201 1000 1000 32 27 42 1000 1000 32 24 159 1000 1000 32 28

MalaysiaAgricultural products 39 95 171 38 35 7 69 122 36 33 32 104 187 39 35Fuels and mining products 46 146 202 38 30 12 195 216 22 17 34 129 197 46 35Manufactures 141 749 620 22 6 37 721 655 24 6 104 759 609 21 6Total exports 227 1000 1000 26 14 56 1000 1000 25 11 171 1000 1000 27 15

PhilippinesAgricultural products 5 66 112 30 31 1 55 88 28 39 5 68 117 30 30Fuels and mining products 4 41 85 43 28 1 65 148 47 41 3 36 71 42 22Manufactures 39 890 798 34 -12 7 879 764 111 -35 32 893 805 20 -5Total exports 48 1000 1000 34 -6 9 1000 1000 98 -25 40 1000 1000 23 -1

SingaporeAgricultural products 10 19 25 26 30 4 25 33 24 36 6 17 21 28 25Fuels and mining products 86 130 211 37 42 42 175 324 48 51 45 109 159 29 35Manufactures 283 805 692 28 11 80 783 621 23 11 203 815 724 31 11Total exports 410 1000 1000 30 16 129 1000 1000 30 21 280 1000 1000 30 14

ThailandAgricultural products 48 160 208 26 35 9 126 164 41 29 39 170 222 22 37Fuels and mining products 16 55 70 29 33 9 133 175 47 37 7 34 38 10 26Manufactures 159 760 696 29 13 36 724 659 33 18 123 770 708 28 11Total exports 229 1000 1000 28 17 54 1000 1000 36 22 175 1000 1000 26 16

ASEANAgricultural products 177 95 142 32 33 33 69 105 37 27 144 104 155 31 35Fuels and mining products 267 161 215 34 36 95 200 300 35 38 172 148 186 34 35Manufactures 758 721 610 28 11 183 717 582 29 10 575 722 620 27 11Total exports 1242 1000 1000 29 18 315 1000 1000 32 18 928 1000 1000 28 18

ImportsIndonesia

Agricultural products 22 88 126 42 43 4 45 87 63 83 18 108 142 39 36Fuels and mining products 47 257 266 50 46 22 388 434 61 41 25 195 197 41 51Manufactures 106 654 597 40 23 24 566 478 33 18 81 697 645 42 25Total imports 177 1000 1000 44 31 51 1000 1000 45 31 126 1000 1000 44 30

MalaysiaAgricultural products 21 63 113 30 32 9 86 173 37 33 12 55 90 26 31Fuels and mining products 33 117 174 60 31 15 204 282 48 37 18 87 133 70 27Manufactures 130 788 692 30 8 28 688 529 44 4 102 822 755 26 9Total imports 188 1000 1000 33 14 52 1000 1000 44 16 136 1000 1000 29 13

PhilippinesAgricultural products 7 78 110 22 3 2 125 132 49 -28 5 67 104 8 24Fuels and mining products 15 156 233 31 22 3 215 207 58 -24 12 142 241 20 46Manufactures 42 764 657 27 7 10 654 660 33 4 32 789 656 25 8Total imports 64 1000 1000 27 9 15 1000 1000 41 -8 49 1000 1000 23 16

SingaporeAgricultural products 14 32 38 24 26 5 49 70 24 26 8 26 29 24 27Fuels and mining products 126 192 344 34 47 26 160 336 17 59 100 204 347 39 44Manufactures 220 761 601 24 9 45 781 581 31 -5 174 754 606 22 13Total imports 366 1000 1000 26 18 78 1000 1000 26 5 288 1000 1000 26 22

ThailandAgricultural products 15 60 66 28 27 3 64 67 24 30 13 59 66 29 26Fuels and mining products 54 216 236 33 34 12 284 297 13 31 42 200 223 40 35Manufactures 143 695 624 36 17 25 612 629 25 15 118 715 623 38 17Total imports 228 1000 1000 37 25 39 1000 1000 22 20 189 1000 1000 41 26

ASEANAgricultural products 95 60 83 30 30 29 71 109 35 30 66 56 75 29 30Fuels and mining products 292 186 253 37 40 86 239 322 31 39 206 168 233 39 40Manufactures 734 736 637 29 14 150 675 560 31 7 584 756 660 28 16Total imports 1152 1000 1000 31 21 267 1000 1000 31 16 885 1000 1000 31 23

ASEAN Other origindestination

Annual percentage

change

Merchandise trade of ASEAN countries by major product group and by origindestination 2011

Annual percentage

change Share Share Share

Annual percentage

change

World

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6 Least-developed countries

Table I20

(Million dollars and percentage)

2010 2005 2010 2005 2010 2005 2010

LDCs 609400 31 30 28 27 3 3Afghanistan 17243 hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellipAngola 82471 86 62 85 61 1 1Bangladesh 100357 16 20 15 19 1 1Benin 6558 18 25 13 20 4 5Bhutan 1516 31 40 26 36 5 4Burkina Faso 8825 10 21 9 18 1 3Burundi 2027 6 5 5 5 1 0Cambodia 11242 63 61 46 46 17 15Central African Republic 1985 11 hellip 9 7 1 hellipChad 8541 59 hellip 58 41 1 hellipComoros 541 14 14 4 4 10 10Congo Dem Rep of 13110 35 67 33 65 1 2Djibouti 1129 19 21 6 8 13 13Equatorial Guinea 14500 86 hellip 86 73 0 hellipEritrea 2117 hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellipEthiopia 29684 14 15 7 8 6 7Gambia 1050 29 24 16 16 13 8Guinea 4736 30 32 29 31 1 1Guinea-Bissau 835 16 20 16 15 1 5Haiti 6635 13 11 11 8 2 3Kiribati 151 14 hellip 5 3 9 hellipLao Peoples Dem Rep 7181 27 31 20 24 7 7Lesotho 2179 49 41 46 39 2 2Liberia 988 39 28 24 24 15 4Madagascar 8721 25 24 17 12 8 11Malawi 5054 23 28 20 25 4 3Mali 9422 26 26 21 22 5 4Mauritania 3614 31 60 29 58 3 2Mozambique 9209 31 32 27 25 5 6Myanmar 45380 33 18 31 17 2 1Nepal 16014 14 9 11 6 3 4Niger 5411 17 24 14 21 2 2Rwanda 5624 8 10 5 5 3 4Samoa 595 30 33 3 6 27 27Sao Tome and Principe 201 14 12 6 6 8 6Senegal 12855 26 24 18 17 8 7Sierra Leone 1910 21 22 15 19 6 3Solomon Islands 679 34 49 25 33 9 15Somalia hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellipSudan 66997 18 17 18 17 0 0Tanzania 22915 21 28 12 19 9 9Timor-Leste 875 hellip 5 hellip 2 hellip 3Togo 3176 37 40 30 31 7 9Tuvalu 31 hellip hellip hellip hellip 8 hellipUganda 17197 16 19 11 13 5 6Vanuatu 689 44 47 10 7 34 39Yemen 31043 40 29 38 25 2 5Zambia 16193 34 48 31 46 3 2

Memorandum item

World 63134700 28 30 23 24 5 6Note Trade in goods is derived from balance of payments statistics and does not correspond to the merchandise trade statistics given elsewhere in this report See the Metadata

Ratio of exports of goods and commercial services to GDP of the least-developed countries 2010

Commercial services

Value Ratio to GDP

Goods and commercial servicesGDP Goods

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Value Value

2011 2005-11 2009 2010 2011 2011 2005-11 2009 2010 2011

LDCs 202559 20 -24 27 25 205856 19 -5 10 22Oil Exporters aAngola 65500 22 -36 24 29 22000 21 8 -26 32Equatorial Guinea 13300 13 -40 9 34 6000 36 33 10 5Yemen 11600 16 -17 34 38 8500 10 -13 0 -8Sudan 9694 15 -29 38 -15 9231 6 4 4 -8Myanmar 9330 20 -3 30 7 8000 33 2 9 66Chad 4600 8 -33 25 31 2400 20 0 5 14Bhutan 650 20 -5 29 1 950 20 -3 61 11Exporters of manufacturesBangladesh 24436 21 -2 27 27 36188 21 -8 27 30Cambodia 6950 18 -11 23 35 9300 19 -10 16 37Madagascar 1590 13 -20 2 48 2850 11 -15 -21 13Lesotho 1100 11 -17 20 25 2600 13 3 24 13Nepal 919 1 -12 4 7 5774 20 22 17 12Haiti 770 10 20 0 33 2900 15 -8 48 -8Samoa 54 -9 -36 29 -9 346 8 -20 34 12Exporters of agricultureEthiopia 2615 24 1 44 12 8896 17 -7 12 3Uganda 2200 22 -9 3 36 5360 21 -6 10 15Burkina Faso 2000 34 30 43 55 2600 16 -7 10 27Benin 1800 25 -4 13 29 2700 22 -10 5 25Malawi 1427 23 35 -10 34 2426 16 -8 7 12Togo 1100 11 -6 0 38 1700 10 0 -1 13Rwanda 464 30 -13 27 56 1776 33 11 9 24Somalia 450 12 0 7 0 1100 12 -16 12 31Solomon Islands 413 32 -21 36 85 467 20 -9 43 15Liberia 358 22 -39 49 61 1044 28 -32 29 47Afghanistan 350 -2 -25 -4 -10 6300 21 10 54 22Guinea-Bissau 230 21 -5 -1 92 300 23 16 -4 36Central African Republic 160 5 -20 17 14 380 17 -10 11 27Burundi 125 17 17 50 23 752 23 0 26 48Gambia 95 64 383 -47 171 344 6 -6 -6 21Vanuatu 64 11 0 -15 31 288 14 -6 -4 2Comoros 25 16 129 38 22 277 23 17 11 19Kiribati 20 36 40 -29 33 110 8 -8 8 50Sao Tome and Principe 11 10 -24 36 0 125 20 -9 9 11Exporters of non-fuel mineralsZambia 9015 38 -15 67 25 7178 23 -24 39 35Congo Dem Rep of 6600 22 -20 51 25 5500 15 -9 15 22Tanzania 5098 25 -4 45 18 10724 27 -17 22 37Mozambique 3600 15 -30 57 24 6300 21 -6 22 37Mauritania 2769 35 -24 52 34 2464 12 -23 29 27Lao Peoples Dem Rep 2400 34 -4 66 37 2700 25 4 41 31Mali 2391 17 -15 13 20 3250 16 -26 15 14Guinea 1630 14 -22 40 11 2106 21 -22 33 50Niger 1250 21 10 4 20 2400 21 30 5 4Eritrea 400 104 0 9 hellip 900 13 -2 17 30Sierra Leone 350 17 7 48 2 1708 38 -3 48 122OthersSenegal 2542 10 -7 7 18 5909 11 -28 1 24Djibouti 95 19 13 10 12 410 8 -21 -19 13Tuvalu 0 37 50 0 0 25 14 -47 14 56Timor-Leste 20 20 -35 96 20 300 22 10 1 1Memorandum item World b 18255000 12 -22 22 20 18438000 11 -23 21 19

b Includes significant re-exports or imports for re-export

Table I21

Note Data for 2011 are largely estimated

Annual percentage change Annual percentage change

Merchandise exports and imports of least-developed countries 2011

(Million dollars and percentage)

Exports Imports

a Bhutan is included for its exports of electric current

43World Trade OrganizationInternational Trade Statistics 2012

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2011 2005-11 2009 2010 2011 2011 2005-11 2009 2010 2011

LDCs 202559 20 -24 27 25 205856 19 -5 10 22Oil Exporters aAngola 65500 22 -36 24 29 22000 21 8 -26 32Equatorial Guinea 13300 13 -40 9 34 6000 36 33 10 5Yemen 11600 16 -17 34 38 8500 10 -13 0 -8Sudan 9694 15 -29 38 -15 9231 6 4 4 -8Myanmar 9330 20 -3 30 7 8000 33 2 9 66Chad 4600 8 -33 25 31 2400 20 0 5 14Bhutan 650 20 -5 29 1 950 20 -3 61 11Exporters of manufacturesBangladesh 24436 21 -2 27 27 36188 21 -8 27 30Cambodia 6950 18 -11 23 35 9300 19 -10 16 37Madagascar 1590 13 -20 2 48 2850 11 -15 -21 13Lesotho 1100 11 -17 20 25 2600 13 3 24 13Nepal 919 1 -12 4 7 5774 20 22 17 12Haiti 770 10 20 0 33 2900 15 -8 48 -8Samoa 54 -9 -36 29 -9 346 8 -20 34 12Exporters of agricultureEthiopia 2615 24 1 44 12 8896 17 -7 12 3Uganda 2200 22 -9 3 36 5360 21 -6 10 15Burkina Faso 2000 34 30 43 55 2600 16 -7 10 27Benin 1800 25 -4 13 29 2700 22 -10 5 25Malawi 1427 23 35 -10 34 2426 16 -8 7 12Togo 1100 11 -6 0 38 1700 10 0 -1 13Rwanda 464 30 -13 27 56 1776 33 11 9 24Somalia 450 12 0 7 0 1100 12 -16 12 31Solomon Islands 413 32 -21 36 85 467 20 -9 43 15Liberia 358 22 -39 49 61 1044 28 -32 29 47Afghanistan 350 -2 -25 -4 -10 6300 21 10 54 22Guinea-Bissau 230 21 -5 -1 92 300 23 16 -4 36Central African Republic 160 5 -20 17 14 380 17 -10 11 27Burundi 125 17 17 50 23 752 23 0 26 48Gambia 95 64 383 -47 171 344 6 -6 -6 21Vanuatu 64 11 0 -15 31 288 14 -6 -4 2Comoros 25 16 129 38 22 277 23 17 11 19Kiribati 20 36 40 -29 33 110 8 -8 8 50Sao Tome and Principe 11 10 -24 36 0 125 20 -9 9 11Exporters of non-fuel mineralsZambia 9015 38 -15 67 25 7178 23 -24 39 35Congo Dem Rep of 6600 22 -20 51 25 5500 15 -9 15 22Tanzania 5098 25 -4 45 18 10724 27 -17 22 37Mozambique 3600 15 -30 57 24 6300 21 -6 22 37Mauritania 2769 35 -24 52 34 2464 12 -23 29 27Lao Peoples Dem Rep 2400 34 -4 66 37 2700 25 4 41 31Mali 2391 17 -15 13 20 3250 16 -26 15 14Guinea 1630 14 -22 40 11 2106 21 -22 33 50Niger 1250 21 10 4 20 2400 21 30 5 4Eritrea 400 104 0 9 hellip 900 13 -2 17 30Sierra Leone 350 17 7 48 2 1708 38 -3 48 122OthersSenegal 2542 10 -7 7 18 5909 11 -28 1 24Djibouti 95 19 13 10 12 410 8 -21 -19 13Tuvalu 0 37 50 0 0 25 14 -47 14 56Timor-Leste 20 20 -35 96 20 300 22 10 1 1Memorandum item World b 18255000 12 -22 22 20 18438000 11 -23 21 19

b Includes significant re-exports or imports for re-export

Table I21

Note Data for 2011 are largely estimated

Annual percentage change Annual percentage change

Merchandise exports and imports of least-developed countries 2011

(Million dollars and percentage)

Exports Imports

a Bhutan is included for its exports of electric current

Value Value

2011 2005-11 2009 2010 2011 2011 2005-11 2009 2010 2011

LDCs 202559 20 -24 27 25 205856 19 -5 10 22Oil Exporters aAngola 65500 22 -36 24 29 22000 21 8 -26 32Equatorial Guinea 13300 13 -40 9 34 6000 36 33 10 5Yemen 11600 16 -17 34 38 8500 10 -13 0 -8Sudan 9694 15 -29 38 -15 9231 6 4 4 -8Myanmar 9330 20 -3 30 7 8000 33 2 9 66Chad 4600 8 -33 25 31 2400 20 0 5 14Bhutan 650 20 -5 29 1 950 20 -3 61 11Exporters of manufacturesBangladesh 24436 21 -2 27 27 36188 21 -8 27 30Cambodia 6950 18 -11 23 35 9300 19 -10 16 37Madagascar 1590 13 -20 2 48 2850 11 -15 -21 13Lesotho 1100 11 -17 20 25 2600 13 3 24 13Nepal 919 1 -12 4 7 5774 20 22 17 12Haiti 770 10 20 0 33 2900 15 -8 48 -8Samoa 54 -9 -36 29 -9 346 8 -20 34 12Exporters of agricultureEthiopia 2615 24 1 44 12 8896 17 -7 12 3Uganda 2200 22 -9 3 36 5360 21 -6 10 15Burkina Faso 2000 34 30 43 55 2600 16 -7 10 27Benin 1800 25 -4 13 29 2700 22 -10 5 25Malawi 1427 23 35 -10 34 2426 16 -8 7 12Togo 1100 11 -6 0 38 1700 10 0 -1 13Rwanda 464 30 -13 27 56 1776 33 11 9 24Somalia 450 12 0 7 0 1100 12 -16 12 31Solomon Islands 413 32 -21 36 85 467 20 -9 43 15Liberia 358 22 -39 49 61 1044 28 -32 29 47Afghanistan 350 -2 -25 -4 -10 6300 21 10 54 22Guinea-Bissau 230 21 -5 -1 92 300 23 16 -4 36Central African Republic 160 5 -20 17 14 380 17 -10 11 27Burundi 125 17 17 50 23 752 23 0 26 48Gambia 95 64 383 -47 171 344 6 -6 -6 21Vanuatu 64 11 0 -15 31 288 14 -6 -4 2Comoros 25 16 129 38 22 277 23 17 11 19Kiribati 20 36 40 -29 33 110 8 -8 8 50Sao Tome and Principe 11 10 -24 36 0 125 20 -9 9 11Exporters of non-fuel mineralsZambia 9015 38 -15 67 25 7178 23 -24 39 35Congo Dem Rep of 6600 22 -20 51 25 5500 15 -9 15 22Tanzania 5098 25 -4 45 18 10724 27 -17 22 37Mozambique 3600 15 -30 57 24 6300 21 -6 22 37Mauritania 2769 35 -24 52 34 2464 12 -23 29 27Lao Peoples Dem Rep 2400 34 -4 66 37 2700 25 4 41 31Mali 2391 17 -15 13 20 3250 16 -26 15 14Guinea 1630 14 -22 40 11 2106 21 -22 33 50Niger 1250 21 10 4 20 2400 21 30 5 4Eritrea 400 104 0 9 hellip 900 13 -2 17 30Sierra Leone 350 17 7 48 2 1708 38 -3 48 122OthersSenegal 2542 10 -7 7 18 5909 11 -28 1 24Djibouti 95 19 13 10 12 410 8 -21 -19 13Tuvalu 0 37 50 0 0 25 14 -47 14 56Timor-Leste 20 20 -35 96 20 300 22 10 1 1Memorandum item World b 18255000 12 -22 22 20 18438000 11 -23 21 19

b Includes significant re-exports or imports for re-export

Table I21

Note Data for 2011 are largely estimated

Annual percentage change Annual percentage change

Merchandise exports and imports of least-developed countries 2011

(Million dollars and percentage)

Exports Imports

a Bhutan is included for its exports of electric current

Table I21 (continued)

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Table I22

(Million dollars and percentage)

Value Value Value

2011 2010 2011 2011 2010 2011 2011 2010 2011

A Agricultural products

Total LDCs 5761 5 33 Total LDCs 9577 24 32 Total LDCs 878 17 10Ethiopia 814 27 42 Myanmar 2500 10 8 Liberia 196 52 22Uganda 600 -3 23 Tanzania 621 24 15 Ethiopia 143 13 16Tanzania 492 -4 26 Bangladesh 594 40 50 Bangladesh 107 5 -22Senegal 463 9 46 Solomon Islands 464 52 28 Malawi 61 7 -16Bangladesh 447 18 21 Madagascar 456 3 385 Tanzania 48 -30 56Togo 403 -19 44 Lao Peoples Dem Rep 453 43 75 Togo 43 18 269Malawi 320 -4 4 Benin 416 2 94 Uganda 43 43 1Madagascar 317 8 4 Burkina Faso 373 28 48 Madagascar 39 -5 -9Mozambique 312 4 55 Mozambique 363 53 20 Haiti 32 -21 43Mauritania 178 -28 61 Ethiopia 352 42 -2 Rwanda 32 35 56Zambia 169 -4 49 Cambodia 308 95 55 Sudan 27 4 12Others (38) 1247 19 40 Others (38) 2676 25 37 Others (38) 109 53 -3

B Fuels and mining products

Total LDCs 19802 10 67 Total LDCs 70073 44 21 Total LDCs 23021 20 17Angola 8964 -25 80 Angola 30970 54 11 Angola 16200 26 18Equatorial Guinea 5448 51 85 Sudan 12258 25 42 Chad 3239 3 54Mozambique 1485 115 -7 Yemen 7413 65 14 Equatorial Guinea 1722 0 -39Mauritania 905 63 54 Myanmar 3467 4 18 Yemen 644 hellip 190Yemen 545 hellip 193 Zambia 3461 72 10 Congo 599 62 14Congo 526 88 58 Equatorial Guinea 3404 -34 94 Niger 289 -76 hellipGuinea 482 8 -3 Congo 3246 100 26 Guinea 167 1 10Zambia 352 -43 393 Lao Peoples Dem Rep 1578 71 44 Madagascar 56 110 58Others (41) 1096 83 72 Others (41) 4276 60 23 Others (41) 106 50 -34

C Manufactures

Total LDCs 16445 2 38 Total LDCs 5735 23 68 Total LDCs 11564 17 18Bangladesh 11477 7 38 Bangladesh 1806 41 61 Bangladesh 6222 17 16Cambodia 1704 6 52 Myanmar 1659 31 150 Cambodia 3392 22 22Madagascar 427 -5 31 Cambodia 591 79 37 Haiti 758 3 32Niger 393 -15 52 Nepal 407 30 0 Lesotho 408 3 24Lesotho 339 31 84 Senegal 332 -26 110 Angola 169 173 26Angola 268 -53 152 Bhutan 167 33 8 Malawi 137 463 72Equatorial Guinea 215 -75 hellip Angola 118 -83 218 Equatorial Guinea 129 85 -13Congo 203 -7 42 Lao Peoples Dem Rep 111 48 30 Nepal 95 12 22Lao Peoples Dem Rep 200 10 19 Ethiopia 70 63 113 Madagascar 61 -65 -28Myanmar 193 -3 5 Tanzania 61 28 58 Lao Peoples Dem Rep 59 39 -14Ethiopia 147 -8 105 Yemen 54 105 62 Tanzania 16 62 2Liberia 130 -69 -40 Madagascar 49 4 81 Sierra Leone 16 25 79Vanuatu 129 hellip -49 Samoa 33 14 -21 Ethiopia 13 -10 35Others (36) 618 10 29 Others (36) 277 -2 61 Others (36) 88 48 -16

a Australia China Hong Kong China India Indonesia Japan Korea Republic of Malaysia New Zealand Pakistan Philippines Singapore Taipei Chinese and Thailand

Annual percentage

change

Annual percentage

change

Annual percentage

change

Imports of agricultural products fuels and manufactures of the European Union (27) Asia and North America from the least-developed countries 2011

European Union (27) Asia a North America

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Table I23

(Million dollars and percentage)

2010 2005 2010 2005 2010 2005 2010

Least developed countries 18700 228 215 528 524 244 261Afghanistan hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellipAngola 857 102 50 499 839 399 111Bangladesh 1209 238 144 148 67 614 789Benin 348 183 291 577 429 240 280Bhutan 67 hellip 353 hellip 600 hellip 47Burkina Faso 267 21 163 712 270 267 567Burundi 7 256 102 222 242 522 656Cambodia 1671 119 135 789 754 91 111Central African Republic hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellipChad hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellipComoros 56 121 70 610 630 270 300Congo Dem Rep of 291 120 305 33 37 847 658Djibouti 149 791 772 75 121 134 107Equatorial Guinea hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellipEritrea hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellipEthiopia 1991 590 591 213 262 197 147Gambia 88 194 417 708 358 99 225Guinea 61 344 63 hellip 34 656 903Guinea-Bissau 42 106 00 349 315 545 685Haiti 183 hellip hellip 896 910 104 90Kiribati hellip 411 hellip 318 hellip 271 hellipLao Peoples Dem Rep 489 177 105 754 781 69 115Lesotho 44 25 16 848 788 127 196Liberia 40 136 557 829 311 35 131Madagascar 980 282 303 437 313 282 384Malawi 137 287 hellip 654 hellip 59 hellipMali 356 138 20 585 575 276 404Mauritania 86 hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellipMozambique 576 283 282 411 342 306 375Myanmar 331 504 448 285 217 211 335Nepal 584 120 68 484 590 396 342Niger 126 101 66 512 838 387 96Rwanda 243 361 109 586 829 53 62Samoa 158 42 46 697 776 261 178Sao Tome and Principe 12 16 16 812 812 172 172Senegal 939 184 49 351 482 465 469Sierra Leone 60 149 403 819 431 32 166Solomon Islands 104 218 350 42 518 739 132Somalia hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellipSudan 224 34 21 887 421 79 558Tanzania 2047 183 218 678 613 139 170Timor-Leste 28 hellip 28 hellip 761 hellip 211Togo 289 550 451 140 227 310 322Tuvalu hellip 125 hellip 572 hellip 303 hellipUganda 1047 23 51 778 749 200 200Vanuatu 271 190 115 634 801 176 84Yemen 1460 161 131 633 795 206 74Zambia 311 414 489 475 401 111 111

Memorandum itemWorld 3764900 23 21 28 25 50 54

Note The improvement of the quality of data in recent years may have resulted in changes relating to the breakdown of exports of commercial services by category of services See the Metadata

Exports of commercial services of the least-developed countries by category 2010

Other commercial services

Value Share in commercial services

Commercial services Transportation services Travel

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7 Foreign affiliates statistics

(Billion dollars and percentage)

Value Annual percentage change

2006 2007 2008 2009 2005-2009 2007 2008 2009

Austria hellip 573 746 617 hellip hellip 30 -17

Belgium 635 hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip

Bulgaria hellip hellip hellip 66 hellip hellip hellip hellip

China hellip hellip 1340 hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip

Croatia a hellip hellip 47 hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip

Cyprus b hellip 05 07 09 hellip hellip 42 29

Czech Republic 306 429 551 479 14 40 29 -13

Denmark a hellip 359 415 363 hellip hellip 15 -12

Estonia 19 25 35 31 17 32 40 -12

Finland hellip 197 215 188 hellip hellip 9 -13

France hellip hellip 2500 2389 hellip hellip hellip -4

Germany hellip hellip 3317 2483 hellip hellip hellip -25

Hong Kong China c 1140 1420 1392 1419 12 25 -2 2

Hungary hellip 265 329 293 hellip hellip 24 -11

Ireland a hellip hellip 561 609 hellip hellip hellip 9

Israel d 79 85 112 109 16 8 31 -3

Italy a e 952 1142 1283 1148 10 20 12 -11

Japan f hellip hellip 190 161 hellip hellip hellip -15

Latvia 23 31 37 31 16 34 18 -15

Lithuania 29 hellip 43 33 10 hellip hellip -24

Luxembourg a hellip hellip hellip 83 hellip hellip hellip hellip

Malta a hellip hellip 10 hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip

Netherlands hellip 903 1073 950 hellip hellip 19 -11

Norway a 285 326 400 325 8 15 23 -19

Poland a hellip hellip 379 298 hellip hellip hellip -21

Portugal hellip 188 182 200 hellip hellip -3 10

Romania 90 148 219 203 hellip 65 47 -7

Slovak Republic 66 88 120 110 14 35 36 -8

Slovenia 15 21 hellip 26 hellip 39 hellip hellip

Spain hellip hellip 1177 1138 hellip hellip hellip -3

Sweden a g 529 656 707 527 3 24 8 -25

Thailand hellip 21 hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip

United Kingdom hellip hellip hellip 3682 hellip hellip hellip hellip

United States e hellip 8972 8746 7560 hellip hellip -3 -14

Memorandum item

European Union (27) a h hellip hellip hellip 13059 hellip hellip hellip hellip

Extra-EU (27) a h i j hellip hellip hellip 4754 hellip hellip hellip hellip

a Insurance activities and activities auxiliary to financial and insurance activities are not coveredb Up to 2008 hotels and restaurants activities are not coveredc Includes other incomed Output instead of sales e Fiscal year as reference period No estimation for non-response Real estate activities are not covered Also includes affiliates foreign controlled by more than 30 per centf Community social and personal services activities are included up to 2008g Community social and personal services activities are includedh Real estate activities are not coveredi Refers to the sales by foreign affiliates which are established in the EU (27) and controlled by non-EU (27) entities

Note Given the recent development of this statistical framework comparability and coverage of data may not always be complete See the Metadata Section II2

Table I24

Sales by affiliates of foreign companies - resident affiliates primarily engaged in services activities (inward FATS) 2005-2009

Excluding wholesale and retail trade as well as repair activities Some or all community social and personal services activities are also not covered For economies shown in italics data exclude all or a large part of financial intermediation activities Insurance activities andor activities auxiliary to financial and insurance activities are included unless otherwise specified Some growth rates for 2008 may be affected by the change of reporting of data in ISIC Revision 4 as compared to ISIC Revision 31 previously

j Administrative and support service activities are not included As a comparison for the European Union (27) aggregate as a whole the value of sales excluding administrative and support activities was 1070 billion dollars in 2009

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(Billion dollars and percentage)

Value Annual percentage change

2006 2007 2008 2009 2006-2009 2007 2008 2009

Australia a hellip hellip hellip 195 hellip hellip hellip hellipAustria b hellip 309 375 346 hellip hellip 21 -8Belgium b hellip hellip hellip 265 hellip hellip hellip hellipCanada c 962 1171 1216 1210 10 22 4 -1Cyprus hellip 39 48 hellip hellip hellip 21 hellipCzech Republic d hellip 03 07 05 hellip hellip 121 -31Finland hellip 242 208 228 hellip hellip -14 10France hellip 3622 hellip 4011 hellip hellip hellip hellipGermany hellip 4827 5232 4887 hellip hellip 8 -7Greece e 29 39 47 41 4 32 21 -11Hungary f hellip 13 31 34 hellip hellip 135 7Israel b f 27 27 40 36 6 -2 48 -8Italy hellip 1591 1612 1890 hellip hellip 1 17Japan g hellip hellip 533 492 hellip hellip hellip -8 Korea Republic of f hellip hellip hellip 209 hellip hellip hellip hellipLatvia e 02 02 hellip 05 hellip -3 hellip hellipLithuania hellip hellip 01 02 hellip hellip hellip 12Luxembourg hellip hellip hellip 24 hellip hellip hellip hellipMalta h hellip 03 04 02 hellip hellip 22 -50Norway f hellip hellip hellip 319 hellip hellip hellip hellipPoland hellip hellip hellip 57 hellip hellip hellip hellipPortugal hellip hellip 663 hellip hellip hellip hellip hellipSlovak Republic f hellip 01 04 03 hellip hellip hellip -39Slovenia h hellip 25 hellip hellip hellip hellip hellip hellipSpain hellip hellip hellip 1548 hellip hellip hellip hellipSweden e hellip hellip 1215 928 hellip hellip hellip -24 United Kingdom hellip hellip hellip 5627 hellip hellip hellip hellipUnited States hellip hellip hellip 10887 hellip hellip hellip hellip

Memorandum itemExtra - EU (27) i hellip hellip hellip 14434 hellip hellip hellip hellip

Excluding wholesale and retail trade and repair activities Economies shown in italics exclude most or a large part of financial intermediation activitiesa Refers to fiscal year 2009 Financial and insurance affiliates onlyb Classified under services according to activity of parent companyc Branches are excludedd Only the first level of indirect ownership is coverede Only includes affiliates directly ownedf Part or all community social and personal services are not coveredg Fiscal year as reference period No estimation for non-response Real estate activities are not covered Also includes controlled affiliates by more than 10 per centh Includes wholesale and retail trade and repair activitiesi Refers to the sales of affiliates which are established outside the EU (27) and controlled by EU (27) entities

Table I25

Sales by foreign affiliates of resident companies - affiliates located abroad primarily engaged in services activities (outward FATS) 2005-2009

Note Given the recent development of this statistical framework comparability and coverage of data may not always be complete See the Metadata

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Table I26

(Million dollars and percentage)

Value Share Value Share

2009 2009 2005-09 2008 2009 2009 2009 2005-09 2008 2009

World 1076439 1000 8 10 -4 World 659639 1000 4 3 -4European Union (27) 508480 472 hellip 8 -8 European Union (27) 373142 566 hellip 3 -3Canada 101424 94 6 9 -9 Japan 87125 132 0 5 -10Japan 65566 61 5 9 6 Canada 69958 106 6 4 2Switzerland 55928 52 9 17 -11 Switzerland 46116 70 10 -26 22Australia 38263 36 10 5 0 Bermuda 19445 29 hellip 16 -34

Above 5 769661 715 - - - Above 5 595786 903 - - -Singapore 34351 32 17 26 1 Australia 12613 19 24 14 6Mexico 30466 28 3 8 -5 India 7232 11 31 27 11Hong Kong China 29433 27 9 6 5 Korea Republic of 6800 10 27 86 -5Brazil 24708 23 6 4 13 Hong Kong China 3763 06 9 hellip hellipChina 23064 21 29 35 25 Mexico 3125 05 -2 29 -1Bermuda 16096 15 21 hellip hellip Israel 1948 03 8 2 2India 13083 12 27 34 34 Norway 1553 02 10 7 -16Korea Republic of 10169 09 8 8 -6 Brazil 972 01 5 hellip hellipTaipei Chinese 8922 08 1 16 -20 Venezuela Bolivarian Rep of 806 01 -15 hellip hellipArgentina 6283 06 10 28 2 China 624 01 16 103 2

Above 15 966236 896 - - - Above 15 635222 962 - - -Note This information refers to supply of services products to foreigners by United States owned affiliates and supply of services products to United States persons by affiliates foreign owned This differs from the FATS data presented for the United States in the tables I24 and I25 which refer to sales of foreign affiliates operating in the services sector For instance the latter include sales of goods of foreign affiliates whose primary activity is classified as a service industry but not the supply of services of those whose primary activity is classified as a manufacturing industry

Services supplied by United States affiliates established abroad (outward FATS) and by foreign affiliates in the United States(inward FATS) by economy of affiliate 2009

Annual percentage change

Annual percentage change

Supply of services abroad Supply of services in the United States

  • I World trade developments
    • Merchandise trade flows within regions outperform flows between regions
    • Moderate recovery for merchandise exports in 2011
    • US remains the leading merchandise trader
    • World exports of commercial services up by 11 in 2011
    • US remains the leading commercial services trader
    • US service supply through affiliates to emerging economies on the rise
    • List of tables I World trade developments
      • 1 Overview
      • 2 Trade by region
      • 3 Leading traders
      • 4 Bilateral trade of leading traders
      • 5 Regional trade agreements
      • 6 Least-developed countries
      • 7 Foreign affiliates statistics
US services supply through majority-owned foreign affiliates (FATS) and cross-border (BOP) to emerging economies
(Billion dollars)
2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
China (BOP) 7 8 10 13 15 16
China (FATS) 7 8 10 14 18 23
India (BOP) 4 5 7 9 10 10
India (FATS) 4 5 5 7 10 13