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ICD-10 Coding Session ICD-10 Coding Session Pulmonology Pulmonology Dr. Stephen Lucas, MD Critical Care Pulmonologist Victoria A. Weinert, RHIT, CCS Audit and Compliance Manager, On Assignment

ICD-10 Coding Session Pulmonology

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ICD-10 Coding Session Pulmonology. Dr. Stephen Lucas, MD Critical Care Pulmonologist Victoria A. Weinert, RHIT, CCS Audit and Compliance Manager, On Assignment. Case 1. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Text of ICD-10 Coding Session Pulmonology

  • ICD-10 Coding Session PulmonologyDr. Stephen Lucas, MDCritical Care PulmonologistVictoria A. Weinert, RHIT, CCS Audit and Compliance Manager, On Assignment

  • HPI: Mr. A.B. is a 64 y.o. male who presented to the emergency department on 7/20/2014 with fever, shaking chills, left sided pleuritic chest pain and cough productive of rusty colored sputum. A chest x-ray obtained in the ED revealed a left upper lobe infiltrate and he was admitted for management of a community-acquired pneumonia.Exam:At discharge he was afebrile and felt nearly back to baseline in terms of his respiratory symptoms. BP 140/78, P 78 reg, T 37, SpO2 on 2 l/min nasal cannula 92%. His lung fields had diminished breath sounds and no wheezes or rales. His cardiac rhythm was regular and he had no edema.Lab: CXR on admission: LUL infiltrateCBC on admission: WBC 16, 000 with left shift.Hgb 12.5 MCV 85 BMP on admission: Na 133 K 3.5 Cl 99 HCO3 33 Creat 1.2Case 1

  • Hospital Course: He was treated with ceftriaxone and azithromycin, supplemental oxygen, IV fluids, and bronchodilators. He improved over 3 days and was discharged to outpatient follow-up in 2 weeks. Discharge Meds: Per Medication reconciliation sheet.Discharge diagnoses:1. Pneumonia, left upper lobe, etiology undetermined2. COPD with ongoing tobacco usea. FEV1 1.3 l in 2011b. Frequent exacerbationsc. Home oxygen use3. Anemia, normochromic/normocytic4. Coronary artery diseaseS/P CABG, 3 vessels, 2013

    Case 1

  • FEV1 1.3What is forced expiratory volume (FEV)?

  • Coding PneumoniaStep 1.) Seek the code to pneumonia with the causing organism. Step 2.) If sputum is positive, physician needs to confirm findings and make correlation to the organism with the pneumonia. (J12.0-J15.9)Step 3.) If sputum is negative, or physician disagrees (contaminated), code to the site (i.e. bronchopneumonia, lobar, hypostatic)Step 4.) If pneumonia is not further classified, use J18.9

  • Pneumonia, Left Upper LobeIs it Lobar Pneumonia? Previously believed to be caused by streptococcus pneumoniae and therefore default code was Pneumococcus Pneumonia. ICD-10 no longer makes that assumption, and causative organism should confirmed.

  • J18 Pneumonia, unspecified organismBronchopneumonia - inflammation of the bronchioles and acute consolidation in the lungsLobar pneumonia - complete lobe infectionHypostatic pneumonia - infection in the lowest portion

  • Tobacco UsersUse additional code where applicable, to identify:Exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (Z72.22)Exposure to tobacco smoke in the perinatal period (P96.81)History of tobacco use (Z87.891)Occupational exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (Z57.31)Tobacco Dependence (F17.-)Tobacco Use (Z72.0)

  • Coding Clinic 2013, 4th QtrQuestion:How would a documented diagnosis of smoker be coded in ICD-10-CM? Should it be coded as tobacco use or dependence?

    Answer:In ICD-10-CM, a diagnosis of smoker is coded to dependence. Assign code F17.200, Nicotine dependence, unspecified, uncomplicated, when the provider documents smoker. Please note the following reference in the Alphabetic Index to Diseases: Smoker see Dependence, drug, nicotine

  • Coding Clinic 2013, 4th QtrQuestion:Can you please define when to use nicotine dependence uncomplicated, in remission, with withdrawal, with other nicotine-induced disorders and with unspecified nicotine-induced disorders? There are currently no ICD-10-CM coding guidelines or ICD-10-CM chapter notes that would assist the medical coder with these definitions.

    Answer:Although nicotine may not typically be thought of as a psychoactive substance, the Official Guidelines for Coding and Reporting, Section I.C.5.c., applies to categories F10-F19, which includes nicotine dependence. The appropriate codes for in remission, with withdrawal, etc., within categories F10-F19 are based on provider (as defined in the guidelines) documentation.

  • Coding Clinic 2013, 4th QtrQuestion:A patient, who has been a cigarette smoker for 20+ years, presents with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Would it be appropriate for the coder to assume that the COPD was caused by the cigarettes and assign code F17.218, Nicotine dependence, cigarettes, with other nicotine induced disorders; or must the provider document the causal relationship?

    Answer:No, it is not appropriate to assign code F17.218, unless the provider documents a cause and effect relationship between the smoking and COPD. For a current smoker with COPD and no documented linkage, assign codes J44.9, Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, unspecified and F17.210, Nicotine dependence, cigarettes, uncomplicated.

  • Treated with bronchodilatorsIs this for a COPD exacerbation or is this a maintenance medication?

  • Coding Case 1What are the diagnoses/procedures?

  • PneumoniaCOPDTobacco UseOxygen UseAnemia, normocyticCAD, s/p CABGCoding Case 1

  • HPI: Mr. C. D. is a 58 y.o. man who smokes cigarettes (2 ppd at present) who presented with dyspnea and hemoptysis. Chest x-ray and CT imaging demonstrated a speculated 4.5 cm lung mass in the right mid-lung associated with right hilar and sub-carinal adenopathy. He reported a 15 lb weight loss over the past 2-3 months.Exam: At discharge he had minimal streaky hemoptysis and was less dyspneic. He had no fever during the hospitalization. His lungs had diminished breath sounds generally and crackles over the right lower lung field. His cardiac exam was normal except for diminished pulses in his feet.Lab: Hgb 11.0 with MCV 73. Electrolytes normal. Chest radiographs: right mid-lung mass with hilar and subcarinal adenopathy. Transbronchial lung biopsy histology report yielded diagnosis of squamous cell carcinoma. Wang needle biopsy also positive for SCCCase 2

  • Hospital Course: He was admitted because of the severity of his hemoptysis. He was stabilized with antibiotics/steroids/bronchodilators and cough suppressants. He underwent bronchoscopy with findings as above. He was stable after the bronchoscopy and discharged after several hours of observation. Bronchoscopy results will be discussed with him in the office in 2 days.Discharge Meds: Per reconciliation sheet

    Case 2

  • Procedure: Bronchoscopy with transbronchial biopsy using fluoroscopic guidance. Findings: Diffuse bronchitis with blood coming from the right upper lobe, superior segment. Carina was splayed. Transbronchial biopsies of the RLL superior segment were obtained as well as washings. A Wang needle aspirate of the sub-carinal node was performed.

    Case 2

  • Discharge Diagnoses:Final path: Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the superior segment of the RUL of the Left Lung. Subcarinal lymph node positive for tumor.Hemoptysis secondary to #1.Weight lossAnemia, microcyticHeavy tobacco use, 70 pack-years and ongoingHypertension

    Case 2

  • Coding Clinic, 4th Qtr 2013Question:

    Hemorrhagic is no longer a non-essential modifier for pneumonia in the ICD-10-CM Index to Diseases. Is a code reported for hemoptysis when it occurs with pneumonia?


    Sequence the appropriate code for the pneumonia first. Assign code R04.2, Hemoptysis, as an additional code when the condition occurs with pneumonia. Although code R04.2 is a Chapter 18 code, codes for signs and symptoms may be reported in addition to a related definitive diagnosis when the sign or symptom is not routinely associated with the diagnosis.

  • Query For ClarificationPhysician with dyspnea and hemoptysis and found to have RUL mass and adenopathy. Discharge diagnoses include microcytic anemia. Can you clarifying the anemia further:_Microcytic anemia due to chronic blood loss_Microcytic anemia due to acute blood loss_Microcytic anemia due to neoplastic disease_Microcytic anemia due to other cause, please specify___________________________________

  • Wang Needle AspirationsTransbronchial fine needle aspiration biopsy is performed during thebronchoscopic procedure to sample endobronchial or peribronchial lesions andperitracheal or peribronchial lymph nodes, usually for evaluation of malignancy.

  • Coding Case 2What are the diagnoses/procedures?

  • Diagnoses Case 2Path results: lung and lymphHemoptysisWeight LossMicrocytic AnemiaSmoker, cigaretteHypertension

  • Procedures Case 2Bronchoscopy with RUL lung biopsyBiopsy subcarinal lymph node

  • HPI: Mrs. F. is an 80 y.o. woman who was living independently until she tripped over her dog as she was exiting her home to take the dog for a walk and suffered a fracture of the left hip.Exam: She is hemodynamically stable and has a normal mental status. There are post-operative changes in the left hip, but otherwise the exam is unremarkable and unchanged from admission.Lab: EKG: Atrial fibrillation with rate of 90/min.Left hip x-ray: Intertrochanteric fracture with displacementPost-op hip x-ray: Good positioning of the prosthesisVenous scan: Acute DVT popliteal vein on rightHgb (discharge) 9 gm%

    Case 3

  • Case 3Hospital Course:This elderly but independent 80 y.o. woman tripped over her dog and suffered a fracture of the left hip. There was no loss of consciousness. She was taken to the OR on the morning after admission for arthroplasty of the left hip and she did well until day 3 post-op when she complained of right calf pain. A venous scan demonstrated acute popliteal vein DVT. Her admission EKG showed atrial fibrillation with rates of 90-110/min. This is a new finding. She was started on Xarelto for stroke prophylaxis. When the DVT was detected she had already been started on Xarelto, so no additional therapy for the DVT was necessary. She will be transferred to a rehabilitation center and then home. Outpatient follow-up has been arranged.Discharge Meds: Per reconciliation sheet.

  • Case 3Discharge Diagnoses:Fall with intertrochanteric fracture of the left hip, s/p repairPost-operative deep venous thrombosis, right popliteal veinAtrial fibrillation, new onsetCoronary artery disease, non-obstructingAnticoagulation for #2 and #3

  • Coding Case 3What are the diagnoses/procedures?

  • Diagnoses Case 3Left intertrochanteric fracturePost-operative (acute) DVT, right popliteal veinAtrial FibrillationCAD, non-obstructingTrip and Fall over dog at home

  • Procedures Case 3Left Hip Arthroplasty

  • Case 4HPI: Mr. H. is a 37 y.o. male involved in a motorcycle accident on the day of admission who suffered the above injuries. He was intoxicated at the time of the accident with a blood alcohol level of 170 mg%. GCS in the ED on arrival was 8PE: At the time of discharge he was awake and alert and reasonably oriented. He was taking feeding by mouth without difficulty and able to participate with his therapists. His chest tube had been removed. He had no IV lines at discharge. He required moderate analgesia for his injuries.Lab:CT head: No intracranial injury. No skull or facial fracturesCT thorax: Multiple left rib fractures, hemopneumothorax, probable contusion of the left lower lung vs. aspiration.Hemoglobin: 10.2 gm% at discharge. Medical profile normal.

  • Case 4Procedures:Endotracheal intubation and mechanical ventilatory support for 5 daysOpen reduction and placement of intramedullary rod, left femurBlood transfusion, 2 units packed red blood cellsHospital Course:He was intubated in the Emergency Department, given IV fluids and eventually 2 units of PRBCs. He was taken to the operating room for repair of his left femur fracture. Gradually, by day four the patient was responding to commands. He was able to be weaned from the ventilator and extubated on the 5th hospital day. He had manifestations of mild alcohol withdrawal and was treated with the CIWA protocol. He was stable and transferred to the rehabilitation center on the 9th hospital day. Outpatient follow-up arranged.Medications: Per reconciliation sheet

  • Case 4Discharge Diagnoses:Motor Vehicle Accident a.Closed head injury with coma, improving at dischargeb.Blunt chest trauma, left chest, with pulmonary contusion, multiple rib fractures and hemopneumothorax, S/P chest tube placement with resolution of hemopneumothorax. Improving contusion at dischargec.Left clavicular fracture, non-operative managementd.Fracture left mid-femur, s/p repair with intramedullary rode.Acute respiratory failure requiring mechanical ventilator support via endotracheal tube for 5 daysAlcohol abuse with acute intoxicationa. acute withdrawal syndromeTobacco use

  • Coding Case 4What are the diagnoses/procedures?

  • Diagnoses Case 4Closed Head InjuryMid-Femur Fracture (shaft)Pulmonary Contusion/HemopneumothoraxComa, GCS 8 in the EDMultiple Left Rib FracturesLeft Clavicle FractureAcute Respiratory FailureAlcohol Abuse, Intoxication and WithdrawalBlood Alcohol Level, 170 mgTobacco Use

  • Procedures Case 4ORIF, left femurBlood transfusion, PRBCsChest tube placement

  • Case 5HPI: Mr. J. is a 56 y.o. man who presented to the hospital Emergency Department by ambulance with 45 minutes of severe substernal chest pain and EKG changes of an acute ST segment elevation inferior myocardial infarction. He was taken immediately to the catheterization lab for primary intervention.Exam: At discharge he was pain free and ambulating in the hallway. He had clear lungs, a regular cardiac rhythm with a rate of 75-80/min, no gallop, and about 2+ peripheral edema (no worse than usual for him). Lab: CK 590 with MB of 35. Troponin peaked at 23. B-NP 300 on admission. EKGinferior MI, acute. Chest x-rayclear. Echocardiogram: left ventricular hypertrophy with EF 40%. No wall motion abnormality. CBC and Medical profile normal.

  • Case 5Hospital course:He presented to the ED with symptoms of acute MI and an EKG consistent with acute inferior injury. He was taken to the cath lab immediately. LHC to measure left ventricular systolic pressure: 20/end diastolic pressure: 45%. Coronary angiography demonstrated 100% occlusion of the RCA. Balloon angioplasty followed by placement of a Taxus (DES) to the right coronary occlusion with good result. He had transient heart block that required a temporary pacemaker for 48 hours. After that he remained in sinus rhythm. He was started on aspirin and Plavix, lovastatin, carvedilol and nitrates. He will be referred to cardiac rehabilitation and see his cardiologist in 2 weeks. The importance of managing his sleep apnea appropriately was stressed.Discharge Meds: Per reconciliation sheet.

  • Case 5Discharge Diagnoses:Acute ST segment elevation MIa. 100% occlusion mid-right coronary artery, S/P placement of drug-eluting stentb. Transient complete heart block managed with temporary pacemakerc. Moderate Left Ventricular systolic dysfunction (Systolic EF 40%), severe chronic CHF yet compensated at this timed. HyperlipidemiaTobacco useHypertension with left ventricular hypertrophyObstructive sleep apnea, non-compliant with CPAPa. Nocturnal hypoxemiaObesity, BMI 32Chronic venous insufficiency, negative venous scan for acute clot this admission

  • Hypertension with left ventricular hypertrophyI51 Excludes 1Any condition in I51.4-I51.9 due to hypertension (I11.-)Any condition in I51.4-I51.9 due to hypertension and chronic kidney disease (I13.-)Heard disease specified as rheumatic (I00-I09)

  • Excludes 1 the codes excluded should never be used at the same time as the code above the Excludes1 note.

    Excludes 2 indicates that the condition excluded is not part of the condition represented by the code, and a patient may have both conditions at the same time, therefore it is acceptable to use both the code and the excluded code together, when appropriate.

    Excludes Notes

  • Coding Case 5What are the diagnoses/procedures?

  • Diagnoses Case 5STEMI, RCAComplete Heart BlockHypertensive Heart DiseaseOSANon-compliance with CPAPObesity, BMI 32Chronic Venous InsufficiencyHyperlipidemia Tobacco use

  • Procedures Case 5DES, RCACoronary AngiogramTemporary Pacemaker

  • Case 6HPI: Mrs. L. is a 67 y.o. woman admitted with hypotension, fever, chills and evidence of severe sepsis thought to be from a urinary tract infection.Exam: At discharge her vital signs were normal (on her usual anti-hypertensive meds) and she was feeling well. Lungs and heart were normal. She had no edema and her mental status was normal.Lab: Urine and 2/2 blood cultures grew E. coli. Initial white count was 30,000 with a strong left shift and her hemoglobin was l5.5 (thought secondary to hemoconcentration). At discharge her creatinine was 2.3 (her baseline) and her urine was clear.

  • Case 6Hospital Course: She was given 3 liters of normal saline in the first 2-3 hours after presentation to the ED. A central venous catheter was placed for monitoring the resuscitation. Catheterization via the jugular vein and placed in the superior vena cava at the juncture of the right atrium. She require norepinephrine for BP support for about 8 hours. She developed mild interstitial pulmonary edema which was managed with BiPAP for about 6 hours. After 14 hours in the ICU, she improved steadily with resolution of her hemodynamic instability and fever. She was initially treated with ceftriaxone, but was switched to oral cephalexin on hospital day 4. Outpatient follow-up has been arranged.Discharge Meds: Per reconciliation sheet.

  • Case 6Discharge diagnoses:Severe sepsis secondary to complex urinary tract infectiona. Acute renal injury, resolvingb. Hypotension requiring pressorsc. Mild non-cardiogenic pulmonary edema, managed with non-invasive ventilationd. E. coli bacteremiaNephrolithiasisChronic kidney disease, stage 3Hyperuricemia with goutHypertension

  • Coding Case 6What are the diagnoses/procedures?

  • Diagnoses Case 6E. coli sepsis, severeAcute renal injuryPulmonary edemaUTINephrolithiasisCKD, 3Hyperuricemia w/ goutHypertension

  • Procedures Case 6BiPAPNorepinephrine InfusionCVC, for monitoring

  • Case 7HPI: Mr. N is a 50 y.o. man who presented to the Emergency Department semi-obtunded and found to be in respiratory failure (pCO2 >90 mmHg). During the attempt to intubate him, evaluation of upper airway with glide scope demonstrated a large mass obstructing the larynx and he was immediately taken to the operating room. Squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx was diagnosed and he was transferred to the ICU on mechanical ventilation via the tracheostomy. Patient was taken off the vent 27 hours later.Exam: At discharge he is tolerating his tube feedings. He has a moderate amount of secretions from his tracheostomy which are yellow-brown. His lung sound are obscured by tracheostomy noise. His cardiac rhythm is regular. BP normal. No edema. The gastrostomy tube is well-positioned and functioning normally. He is able to communicate with alphabet board.

    Lab: Hemoglobin 9.3 gm%, Medical profile normal except HCO3 34 from his chronic CO2 retention. K 3.5.

  • Case 7Hospital course: He was found to have upper airway obstruction from a laryngeal cancer. Patient was take to the OR for a tracheostomy that was placed through surgical incision and PEG feeding tube was placed with endoscopic guidance. Radiation therapy was initiated to the larynx. Outpatient chemotherapy will follow as outpatient. He is unable to care for himself and has been placed in a nursing facility. Discharge Meds: Per reconciliation sheet.

  • Case 7Discharge Diagnoses:Squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx with upper airway obstruction causing acute on chronic respiratory failurea. Tracheostomy place on 8/3/14 (day of admission)b. S/P direct laryngoscopy with biopsy of larynxc. Initiation of radiation therapy to larynxHeavy tobacco use, 50-60 pack-years, recently quitCOPD, unquantified, but severe by clinical and radiologic assessmenta. Chronic hypercarbic and hypoxemic respiratory failure (compensated)b. Long term oxygen therapy prescribed this admissionWeight loss, probably 30 lbs in 4-5 monthsDysphagia, S/P placement of gastrostomy tubeChronic anemia

  • Query For ClarificationPhysician with laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma. Discharge diagnoses include chronic anemia. Can you clarifying the anemia further:_chronic anemia due to blood loss_simple anemia_chronic anemia due to neoplastic disease_chronic anemia due to other cause, please specify______________________

  • Coding Case 7What are the diagnoses/procedures?

  • Diagnoses Case 7Squamous cell carcinoma, larynxChronic Respiratory Failure, hypoxemic and hypercapniaLaryngeal ObstructionDysphagiaChronic AnemiaWeight LossCOPDH/O tobacco use

  • Procedures Case 7TracheostomyPEGRadiationVentilation, Inspection (in ER)