Ichthyology: the study of fishes. Vertebrate taxa

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  • Ichthyology: the study of fishes
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  • Vertebrate taxa
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  • 24,500 species 850 species 8,600 species 6,500 species 4,100
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  • Vertebrate biases # pages in Larousse Encyclopedia of Animals 61 15% 15 4% 48 12% 135 35% 148 37%
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  • Number of species per order >9,000 species
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  • Define fish..
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  • Fish extremes: Largest (SW): whale shark (12 m) Smallest: dwarf goby (Trimmatom nanus) 8.0 mm carp Paedocypris progenetica 7.9 mm
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  • Distribution of water vs. fishes
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  • 41% of all fishes 58% of all fishes
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  • Systems and sensory modalities of fishes osmoregulation buoyancy control respiration (air and water) mechanosensory lateral line light production electroreception electric generation anatomically varied sound production