ICT Development in Lao PDR, 2009

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<ul><li> 1. ICT Development in Lao PDR Expert Group Meeting on regional cooperation on information society in Asia and the PacificBangkok 20-22 July 2009</li></ul> <p> 2. Content </p> <ul><li>Country Profile </li></ul> <ul><li>ICT Statistics in 2006 </li></ul> <ul><li>National ICT Policy Framework </li></ul> <ul><li>ICT Industry </li></ul> <ul><li>e-Learning </li></ul> <ul><li>Internet Infrastructure</li></ul> <ul><li>e-Government</li></ul> <ul><li>Future plans </li></ul> <ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul> <p>Bangkok 20-22 July 2009 3. Country Profile </p> <ul><li>Country name: Lao PDR </li></ul> <ul><li>Capital city : Vientiane </li></ul> <ul><li>Population : 5.609 million </li></ul> <ul><li>Total Area : 236,800 Km2 </li></ul> <ul><li>GDP: 678 USD </li></ul> <ul><li>Religion : Buddhism </li></ul> <ul><li>Language: Lao </li></ul> <ul><li>Literacy : 85%</li></ul> <ul><li>Rural population : 69 % </li></ul> <ul><li>Currency : Kip </li></ul> <ul><li>More information please visit : </li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Statistic :www.nsc.gov.la </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Economy :www.moc.gov.la </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Tourism :www.laotourism.org </li></ul></li></ul> <p>Bangkok 20-22 July 2009 4. National ICT Policy </p> <ul><li>The Government of the Lao PDR recognizes the Information and Communication Technology as an increasingly crucial tool for achieving socio-economic development, aims to bring the country into the information age by increasing general access to ICT with the provision of modern telecommunications infrastructure and computer networks; by fostering enterprise and industry; promoting research and development in the fields of ICT; and by developing the necessary human resources and institutional capacies</li></ul> <ul><li>It is with this recognition that the National Policy on ICT aims to ensure that the necessary institutional, human capacity, sectoral conditions, and legal frameworks are in place for leveraging and applying ICT to meet the challenges and needs of Lao PDR </li></ul> <p>Bangkok 20-22 July 2009 5. National ICT Policy </p> <ul><li>Nine priority areas : </li></ul> <ul><li>1. Infrastructure and Access </li></ul> <ul><li>2. Enterprise and Industry </li></ul> <ul><li>3. Research and Development </li></ul> <ul><li>4. Applications </li></ul> <ul><li>5. Human Resource Development </li></ul> <ul><li>6. Legal Framework </li></ul> <ul><li>7. Awareness </li></ul> <ul><li>8. Poverty Alleviation </li></ul> <ul><li>9. Standardization and Localization</li></ul> <p>Bangkok 20-22 July 2009 6. Telecom Infrastructure </p> <ul><li>5 Telecom operators (ETL, LTC, Lao ASIA, Millicom, Sky)- No new licensed issued up to 2009 </li></ul> <ul><li>12 ISPs</li></ul> <ul><li>ETL :- 3969 km fiber optic ; - 400 mobile base station in 139 district;- 450 intelligent network for prepaid system;- 29000 PSTN .</li></ul> <p>Bangkok 20-22 July 2009 7. Telecom Infrastructure </p> <ul><li>Has fiber optic connection to China, Thailand and Vietnam </li></ul> <p>Bangkok 20-22 July 2009 8. Optic fiber backbone 9. Case of ISP infrastructure </p> <ul><li>Planet online has its own network infrastructure </li></ul> <ul><li>Has WIMAX hotspot in Vientiane and some other cities </li></ul> <ul><li>Use ETL and SKY gateway to connect to Internet backbone. </li></ul> <ul><li>Plan to invest 5 million USD to establish wimax base stations in 4 cities </li></ul> <p>Bangkok 20-22 July 2009 10. Bangkok 20-22 July 2009 Total telephone density per 100 Inhabitants : 36 Fix Telephone density per 100 Inhabitants : 2 Mobile Telephone density per 100 Inhabitants: 34 Digital Switching: 100 % Digital Transmission : 100% Population in(2005 est. ) :5,609,000Categories Capacity lines Using Lines Fix Lines 149,305 97,311 Mobile 3,390,074 1,890,070 CDMA /WLL 50,00029,135 Total 3,589,379 2,016,516 Internet Capacity Lines Using Lines - Dial up 2,000 7,343 - ADSL 5,520 4,031 - IP Star800 290 - HIL 150 403 - Wireless 1,025 - Fiber 2 Total 8,470 13,094 11. ICT Market in Laos </p> <ul><li>Around 400 internet cafes in Vientiane, around 600 in nationwide </li></ul> <ul><li>ICT-related business increased from 103 to 513 companies in 2005 </li></ul> <ul><li>In 2006, 196 new companies were registered, around more than 1000 in 2008 </li></ul> <ul><li>ICT companies employ 3688 employees (1.1% of the total work force </li></ul> <ul><li>Hardware service 60 million USD </li></ul> <ul><li>IT service 12 million USD </li></ul> <ul><li>Future ( in 5 years ) </li></ul> <ul><li>Hardware service 120 million USD </li></ul> <ul><li>IT Service50 million USD </li></ul> <p>Bangkok 20-22 July 2009 12. e-Government Project </p> <ul><li>Establish e-Gov. info-com infrastructure :</li></ul> <ul><li>- IP backbone, 2.5 Gbps capacity connect national e-Gov. center to tel. operator and major ministries </li></ul> <ul><li>- Fiber optic link to 50 ministries in Vientiane and ADSL cable connectionfor 75 other gov. offices </li></ul> <ul><li>- 10 WiMAX base stations cover 20 Km 2 </li></ul> <p>Bangkok 20-22 July 2009 13. e-Government Project </p> <ul><li>of Vientiane municipality and connecting to 250 Gov. offices </li></ul> <ul><li>- Fiber optic link to 16 provincial governors offices and 16 e-Gov provincial centers </li></ul> <ul><li>- One WiMAX base station in each provincial capital city to connect to 10 Gov offices in each province </li></ul> <p>Bangkok 20-22 July 2009 14. e-Government Project </p> <ul><li>Seven e-Gov applications : e-archive, e-register, e-document, e-map, e-learning, teleconference, national portal</li></ul> <p>Bangkok 20-22 July 2009 15. Standardization </p> <ul><li>Standardize lao character set base on unicode </li></ul> <p>Bangkok 20-22 July 2009 16. Telecenters </p> <ul><li>NAST in collaboration of Ministry of Health and ADB will soon set up 16 e-Health Centers in two provinces </li></ul> <ul><li>NAST in collaboration with National Informatic Center of India has set up 10 Rural Telecenters in 7 provinces </li></ul> <p>Bangkok 20-22 July 2009 17. Schoolnet </p> <ul><li>The World Links Program has established computer labs in 10 secondary schools with internet access </li></ul> <p>Bangkok 20-22 July 2009 18. ICT-Related Education </p> <ul><li>1 stDraft of ICT human resources master plan </li></ul> <ul><li>For formal education: </li></ul> <ul><li>- Establishing an Education Network aspart of the NII </li></ul> <ul><li>- Promoting e-learning </li></ul> <ul><li>- Review and strengthening computer school curricular </li></ul> <ul><li>- Computer training for school teacher </li></ul> <ul><li>- Provision of school information infrastructure : telecom network, computer facilities, basic educational software and content, internet access</li></ul> <p>Bangkok 20-22 July 2009 19. ICT-Related Education </p> <ul><li>For higher education : </li></ul> <ul><li>- Establishing higher ICTInstituts </li></ul> <ul><li>- Helping government agencies set up their management information systems as well as agency-specific sotware system </li></ul> <ul><li>- Acquiring and producing educational software and digital content </li></ul> <ul><li>- Conducting research and development in ICT application for distance learning </li></ul> <ul><li>- </li></ul> <p>Bangkok 20-22 July 2009 20. ICT-Related Education </p> <ul><li>For Non-Formal Education : </li></ul> <ul><li>- Using ICT to upgrade workers, unemployed youth and women </li></ul> <ul><li>- e-Learning for lifelong learning </li></ul> <ul><li>- Development of ICT professionals and re-training of existing workforce in ICT </li></ul> <p>Bangkok 20-22 July 2009 21. ICT Reseach and Development </p> <ul><li>Key outcomes of the PAN Localization Project </li></ul> <ul><li>- Systematic study of the lao language structure </li></ul> <ul><li>- Development of tools and utilities to enhance IT in Lao : lao fonts, lao keyboard drivers, lao ASCII to Unicode converters, lao line breaking utility, lao sorting utility, laopad ( localize version of Note Pad), lao OCR </li></ul> <ul><li>The National University of Laos conduct various research activities : metrological characteristics and communication reception in Laos, Design of the transmission line simulator,pattern recognition approach to segmentation with application to continuous </li></ul> <p>Bangkok 20-22 July 2009 22. ICT Reseach and Development </p> <ul><li>lao recognition, online freestyle handwritten lao character recognition using future tree, QoS-based routing algorithm with crank-back ability, relationship between broadcasting signals and rain characteristics in Laos </li></ul> <p>Bangkok 20-22 July 2009 23. challenge and Need </p> <ul><li>Limited Development of IT Skills and Human resources </li></ul> <ul><li>Limitation in terms of Finance </li></ul> <ul><li>Development of legal infrastructure for ICT development platform</li></ul> <ul><li>Data Standardization </li></ul> <ul><li>Establish Certification Authority (CA), mutual recognition within ASEAN and another countries </li></ul> <ul><li>Establish Software Park (Software Industry) </li></ul> <p>Bangkok 20-22 July 2009 24. theopportunities </p> <ul><li>Full government support for ICT</li></ul> <ul><li>Integration within ASEAN and to the WTO </li></ul> <ul><li>Large young and growing population </li></ul> <ul><li>Adequate Natural resources </li></ul> <ul><li>Strategic location in the Heart of ASEAN and China </li></ul> <ul><li>Opening up of financial sector</li></ul> <ul><li>New Stock Exchange coming up in 2010 </li></ul> <ul><li>Lots of opportunities for long-term investment </li></ul> <p>Bangkok 20-22 July 2009 25. </p> <ul><li>Thanks You </li></ul> <ul><li>Somlouay KITTIGNAVONG </li></ul> <ul><li>Acting Director General </li></ul> <ul><li>Department of Informatic </li></ul> <ul><li>National Authority for Sience and Technology (NAST) </li></ul> <ul><li>Tel : 856-21 263613;Fax : 856-21 213472; e-mail : somlouay@gmail.com </li></ul> <p>Bangkok 20-22 July 2009 </p>


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