Dragan Solea, full professor University of Business Academy Faculty of Economics and Management Engineering Novi Sad, Serbia. ICT TEACHERS` COMPETENCIES FOR THE KNOWLEDGE SOCIETY. INTRODUCTION. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
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ICT TEACHERS` COMPETENCIES FOR THE KNOWLEDGE SOCIETY
Dragan Solea, full professorUniversity of Business AcademyFaculty of Economics and Management EngineeringNovi Sad, Serbia
INTRODUCTIONConstant changes in various aspects of society have resulted in changes in the educational function of the teacher.
Teacher training for the "knowledge society" is a challenge for every society. The main characteristics of the knowledge society are: 1. "Knowledge Society" is a networked society. 2. "Knowledge Society" is a society in which collective intelligence is developed.
INTRODUCTIONBeing a teacher in a networked knowledge society requires new competencies - the most important role of teachers is: To help the student to move within a networked knowledge.To evaluate new knowledge.To find new knowledge and ways of acquiring new knowledge.
The knowledge society must be encouraged and development of different forms of collective intelligence.
INTRODUCTIONThe aim of the education system should be the development of individual intelligence and abilities of students, as well as the development of collective intelligence and abilities.
The classroom is the first place where the collective intelligence can be developed and used.
Teachers have to work in the context of collective intelligence and abilities - must develop collective intelligence of students, to develop the ability to cooperate, to use their own cooperation.
METHODOLOGYICT competencies are one of the areas of competencies required by the knowledge society.
By this we mean basic knowledge of computer science, information and communication technologies.
This paper describes research aimed to determine the existing ICT competencies for teachers in practice, as well as their preparedness to adopt new skills and improvement of existing competencies to the demands of a knowledge society.METHODOLOGYThe sample in this study consisted of teachers in primary schools (N = 92) in the territory of Vojvodina, where the majority of respondents professional development of undergraduate studies at the Pedagogical Faculty in Sombor.
The survey was conducted through a questionnaire as a research technique in which ICT competence of the test indicators of computer, information and communication aspects of ICT competence.
The questionnaire consisted of 25 questions. The survey was conducted in Sombor, Beocin, Novi Sad and Subotica.Br.QuestionTeachersMeanMin.Max.1.Understanding computer hardware2.56152.Factors affecting the characteristics of computer2.61153.Working with different software applications2.71154.The use of ICT in everyday life (e-learning, e-commerce, e-banking, e-government)3.04155.The functions of the operating system2.60156.Working with word processing software2.30157.Knowledge of spreadsheet programs2.66158.Using Databases2.45159.Using software to create presentations2.631510.Use of software for web browsing2.211511.Communication on the Web2.711512.Using e-mail2.391513.The selection of educational software for individual subjects2.851514.The use of educational web portal2.9215Results of descriptive analysis of the dataBr.QuestionTeachersASMin.Max.15.Setting the educational content of educational web portal3.561516.Digitalization of learning materials3.171517.The use of digital materials in teaching and learning process.3.071518.Using final website content (movies, animations, graphics, sound)2.671519.The use of social web applications (blogs, Wikipedia)2.811520.Fostering on-line learning3.111521.The use of online communication in the classroom (messenger, skype ...)3.611522.Using the online exam in class4.121523.The distinction of teaching content in the educational software3.832524.The use of digital interactive table for joint work in the use of educational software4.041525.The use of videoconferencing4.3015Results of descriptive analysis of the dataRESULTSRespondents showed excellent results in the following competencies:(Mean is between 2.21 - 2.71) with the understanding and knowledge of the application software functions, and we have to say that the best ICT skills.Very good results with the respondents showed knowledge of computers as machines for data processing and Internet usage.
Respondents showed disturbing results in the following competencies:The results show that the majority of respondents answered "almost never" and "never" on the use of online exams, digital boards and videoconferencing systems in the classroom - Mean ranges from 4.04 to 4.30, which indicates that teachers do not have any competence when it comes to this area.RESULTSAlso of concern data obtained research when it comes to ICT competence: the use of ICT in everyday life, setting up the educational content of educational web portal, the use of digital materials in the teaching and learning, participation in online communication and online learning, the distinction of teaching the teachers software.
The survey shows that respondents in these competencies in most cases correspond to "sometimes" (Mean ranges from 3.04 - 3.83) or use these applications in the teaching and learning.RESULTSThe correlation between the indicators and ICT skillsThe analysis of correlations between individual indicators of ICT skills we tried to establish in order flowing training and training of teachers.
The correlation coefficient demonstrates a relationship:If r > 0, we conclude that there is a positive correlation between the indicators, that results in an increase in causes an increase in results in the second indicator.If r < 0, we conclude that there is a negative correlation between the indicators, that results in an increase causes a decrease results in the second indicator.RESULTSThe correlation between the indicators and ICT skillsIndicatorsUnderstanding of computer hardwarerp > 0.05The use of online communication in the classroom (messenger, Skype ...)0.080.29Using the online exam in class0.070.38The use of digital interactive table for joint work in the use of educational 0.120.11Using video conferencing software0.140.07Table 3: Results of correlation between knowledge of computers as machines for data processing and higher level of ICT skillsAs shown in Table 3, knowledge of computers as machines for processing data is not correlated with participation in online communication and online learning.This result shows that if one uses a computer knows that does not mean they know how to cope and online features on the computer.RESULTSIndicatorsWith software for word processingUsing Databasesrp > 0.05rp > 0.05Setting the educational content of educational web portal.0.1370.09-Fostering on-line learning0.1150.160.060.06The use of online communication in the classroom (messenger, Skype ...)0.10.18-Using the online exam in class-0.030.070.110.15The use of digital interactive table for joint work in the use of educational software0.050.470.980.32The use of videoconferencing0.130.110.020.74Table 4: Results of correlation between knowledge of the application software functions and higher level of ICT skills The results in Table 4 show that knowledge of the functions of software applications not associated with the use of educational web-portal, with the use of online communication and learning or using interactive forms of teaching.RESULTSIndicatorsUse online exam in classrp> 0.05Using the software for browsing the web-0.0250.764Communication on the Web0.1560.06Using e-mail0.1240.128Table 5: Results of correlation between the use of online exams in classes and lower level ICT skillBased on the results, we conclude that there is no correlation between the successful use of online examinations in teaching and knowledge and use of software have to see the Internet, communication on the web and use e-mail.RESULTSIndicatorsUse of digital interactive table for joint work in the use of educational softwarerp > 0.05Use of software for browsing the web0.0210.795Communication on the Web0.1570.054Use e-mail0.1490.067Table 6: Results of correlation between the use of digital interactive table for joint work in the use of educational software and low level of ICT skillsTaking advantage of the interactive work of teaching involves the use of digital boards in the use of educational software.
As seen in Table 6, this competence is not associated with any successful use of the Internet, or from taking possession of communication skills on the Web or sending e-mail.RESULTS IndicatorsUse of videoconferencingrp > 0.05Use the software to view Internet0.030.63Use e-mail0.1420.08The use of social web applications (blogs, Wikipedia)0.1530.06Table 7: Results of correlation between the use of videoconferencing and the lower level of ICT skillsBased on the results in Table 7, we conclude that the mastery of basic skills in ICT does not affect the use of videoconferencing.
Videoconferencing involves specific knowledge and skills that are significantly different from those required for Internet use, e-mail and the use of social web applications like blogs and Wikipedia.DISCUSSIONThe fact that only 11.96 % teachers possess skills that are above average grades three, i.e.. These teachers use the computer as an everyday machine for processing data in their teaching. We cannot be satisfied with the information that teachers of 92 for only 11.96 % of them there is no secret when it comes to functioning as a computer data-processing machines. 11.96 % said they "never" do not use any software applications in everyday life, and 4.35 % to "always" using just the software. 10.87 % of teachers said they "always" use of ICT in everyday life to solve the problems of e-learning and e-commerce, while only 7.61 % of them responded that it "never" used.
DISCUSSIONAnswers to questions (5-9), which relate to how well teachers know the functions of software applications show that teachers are not familiar with the work of application software (Word, Excel, PowerPoint), i.e.. are not trained to use them in their work and everyday life.
The results of this study show that teachers communicate on the Web, but lacked the use of standard software applications to search and communication - about 30 % of teachers said they "never" used any software to search the Web and approximately the same percentage that does not use e-mail.
DISCUSSIONThe question: How successful teachers use educational software and educational web portals.It must be emphasized that there can be a pleasure for these results because a large group of teachers has no knowledge in this field, which certainly indicates a tendency to increase in complexity with the use of ICT, the number of those who have no knowledge or use of this software in their teaching work.The highest level of ICT skills are the skills, knowledge and use of digital interactive table for joint work in the use of educational software and the use of videoconferencing.The results show that respondents did not understand these issues, it is possible to have misunderstand the proposed arrangement and thus respond to "always", "almost always" and "sometimes" use the interactive features of teaching.
CONCLUSIONThe basic concepts discussed in this paper ICT competence of teachers, i.e. how they are prepared for the knowledge society.Research conducted for the purpose of this work is the basis for proposing new solutions, which are directed towards increasing the ICT skills of teachers.The results of our study show a very poor state of teacher competence in the field of ICT.As for the willingness of teachers to adopt new competencies that provide a knowledge society results show that positive motivation for most teachers there.
CONCLUSIONThe research presented in this paper suggests several courses of action:That all teachers must complete the ECDL courses.That all teachers complete the basics of e-learning.That all universities where future teachers are educated, you should have in their curricula implemented courses in e-learning.In the programs of professional training in e-learning in teacher promotion system it is necessary to incorporate criteria that include e-learning.In all subjects, and other forms of school work, it is necessary to gradually include the elements of e-learning and carefully evaluate results, develop innovative resources and services for e-learning with which children will be able to overcome the most difficult areas of curriculum.CONCLUSIONThe long term goal should be our teacher involvement in the process of improving learning in the first place we think of making online learning materials, educational web-portals, information management systems and similar schools.THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION !