Immigration and immigration policy in Finland
Minister Of The Interior Pivi RsnenThe Ministry of the Interior is responsible for internal security and migration. The Ministry's vision is: Finland will be the safest country in Europe - a country built on equal treatment and equal opportunity.
**The Main Duties of the Ministryto maintain public order and securityto direct rescue services and oversee their coverage and qualityto control the border and carry out checks on persons
**The Main Duties of the Ministryto deal with matters relating to Finnish citizenship, immigration and asylumto promote ethnic equality and good ethnic relations, and prevent racism and ethnic discrimination
The Office of the Ombudsman for Minorities, the National Discrimination Tribunal and the Advisory Board for Ethnic Relations (ETNO) are also attached to the Ministry
Migration Departmentresponsible for drafting legislation on immigrationhandles matters relating to immigration, refugees, asylum, Finnish citizenshipto returns, emigration and expatriate Finnsto detention under the Aliens Actresponsible for performance guidance for the Finnish Immigration Servicerepresents Finland in immigration matters within the European Union and in the international arenacoordinates immigration-related work between different administrative branches
The Government Programme**Essential actions: to increase the employment rate of immigrantsmake integration policy more effectiveaccelerate the processing of asylum applicationsintensify the prevention of discrimination.
Finland's national legislation onmigration is affected by the EU's asylum and migration policies. Finland is an active participantin the formulation of these policies
Family reunification: The impact of the changes made in the regulation will be reviewed.
Immigration policy that supportsthe building of a safe andpluralistic Finland, andenhances Finlands internationalcompetitiveness.
Big change in a short period of timeWithin short period Finland has changed from being a country of net emigration to one of net immigration
The number of migrants has almost doubled since 2000**
Immigration to FinlandToday, peoples main motives for moving to Finland are family, work and study Foreign nationals account for 3,8 % of the populationMost of the people born abroad were born in Europe 64 %Foreign language speakers make up 5.3 % of the population
Migration in 20082012
Number of foreign nationals in 20012012
Largest groups by citizenship in 2012
(number of foreign nationals and their proportion)
Population by native language
Foreign-born people by continent of birth in 2012
First residence permits issued in 2012 by groundsResidence permit applications submitted in 2012 by grounds
StatisticsSince 2000, Finland has received 1,500-6,000 asylum seekers annually
Refugee quota 750 people per yearquota for 2014 was increased by 300 persons**
Top 10 source countries of asylum seekers in 2013Iraq 819Russia 246Somalia 217Nigeria 206Afghanistan 199Iran 167Syria 149Algeria 82Morocco 76Kosovo 70Total number of applicants 3238Source: Finnish Immigration Service
Finnish CitizenshipFinnish citizenship can be acquired by birth, on the basis of parents citizenship, on application, or by declaration.
A person may only be released from Finnish citizenship if he/she is a citizen of a foreign country or acquires the citizenship of a foreign country.
The applicant must have resided in Finland for an uninterrupted period of five years or a total of seven years after reaching the age of 15, with the last two years without interruption. **
Record number of new FinnsIn 2012, a record of 9,518 foreign nationals were granted Finnish citizenship. It more than doubled from the previous year's figure. In 2013 Finnish citizenship was granted to 9,292 foreign nationals. The number of citizenship applications rose by more than 39% in comparison with the previous year. A total of 7,865 people submitted a citizenship application in 2012 (2011: 5,632) and in 2013 a total 8,638 applications were made, which was 9,8 % more than in 2012.The increase is attributable to the amendments made to the Nationality Act. The period of residence required for acquiring Finnish citizenship was shortened from six to five years.
Largest groups of applicants for Finnish citizenship in 2011 and 2012
**The Future of immigration 2020 strategy
One of the key projects of the present GovernmentThe Strategy was published in June, 2013Over 40 stakeholders represented in the working process: the ministries, municipalities, labour market organisations, the church, researcher, other organisations and immigrant communities
A short and concise strategy with a realistic focus on the future
Main issues: How to raise the employment rate among immigrants?
Will migration boost Finland's competitiveness? How to foresee and control the migration? How to enhance equal opportunities in Finland? How to avoid conflicts?
**Strategy Conclusions Finland is an safe and open country - mobility is an opportunity - Finland is a responsible member of the international communityEveryone can find a role to play - Information and guidance for people in different life situations - recognition of migrants' skills, language training Pluralism is part of everyday life - Immigrants are part of Finnish society - Everyone has a responsilibity to eliminate prejudice
Ministry of the Interiorwww.intermin.fi
Vision: Finland will be the safest country in Europe one in which people feel that they live in a fair and equal society regardless of how they identify themselves.
*Guidelines for immigration in the Government Programme
**There are over a quarter of a million foreign-language speakers in Finland and more than 60,000 of them are Russian speakers. Foreign-language speakers make up over 11 % of people living in the Helsinki capital region. *Provisions on Finnish citizenship are laid down in the Constitution of Finland and in more detail in the Nationality Act.
*Concrete Examples:1. Growing mobility requires that Finland is open and actively manages migration. Finland is committed to providing international protection to those in need of it.2. Attention should be given to ensuring that public services are appropriate for migrants. For migrants who exceed the compulsory schooling age on arrival in Finland, the opportunity to attend comprehensive school studies must be improved. 3. The trend towards segregation in housing must be reduced by ensuring a supply of homes with affordable rents and a balanced geographical distribution of these within the towns and cities and other municipalities.