IMPERIALISM - Marshfield High .IMPERIALISM Spanish American War ... After the Spanish American War

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Text of IMPERIALISM - Marshfield High .IMPERIALISM Spanish American War ... After the Spanish American War



    William Seward Sec. of State purchased from

    Russia for $7 million.

    Twice the size of Texas

    Nicknamed Sewards Folly or Sewards Icebox

    1890 gold found there



    Grew sugar that was sold in the US

    King Kamehameha 1st ruler of all of the Hawaiian islands together issued a constitution in 1840

    1875 treaty between US and Hawaii they didnt have to pay tariff to the US

    1890 McKinley tariff passed Hawaii had to pay tariff

    Hawaii now had to compete with US and other sugar growers


    Queen Liliouokulani new leader (did not like US


    1893 Queen Lil made herself absolute monarch

    Americans in Hawaii revolt against her and win, Queen

    Lil kicked off throne

    US says Hawaii was now under US protection

    Cleveland tries to give Hawaii back to Queen Lil,

    leaders of the revolt say no Either Hawaii becomes

    a state or a republic-but not back to Queen Lil


    Policing the Western Hemisphere

    James G. Blaine Sec. of State

    Organizes the pan-American Conference all

    countries in the Western Hemisphere attend

    Held in Washington 1889


    Chilean Crisis 1891-1892

    Civil War between the President and Congress

    US sides with the President He lost

    Chile is angry with the US


    Venezuela and Great Britain argue over


    US says the Monroe Doctrine gives them the

    right to help Venezuela against Europe


    Spanish American War

    1895 Cuba was the last important Spanish colony in

    the Western Hemisphere

    Cuba wants independence

    1896 rebels were being placed in Reconcentrados

    concentration camps

    McKinley sent the USS Maine to Havana to help

    Americans in Cuba


    USS Maine is sunk

    Explosion occurs 200 people killed

    Spanish are blamed, but there is no proof

    April 1898 McKinley removes American forces

    completely too late


    First battles took place in the Philippines

    Emilio Aguinaldo revolutionary tried to gain

    independence from Spain

    Americans seen as allies to help gain


    After defeating the Spanish, America refused his

    leadership and took over control of the

    Philippines themselves


    Teddy Roosevelt enlisted to help lead a

    volunteer cavalry called the Rough Riders

    Led a charge up San Juan Hill in Cuba

    Puerto Rico taken easily

    War ended in a few weeks


    Reasons for US involvement in the Spanish

    American War

    American investments in Cuba

    Spanish misrule in Cuba

    Yellow journalism

    De Loma letter

    Sinking of the Maine


    America Expands Further

    After the Spanish American War the US acquired

    Puerto Rico and Guam

    The US said they would maintain control of Manila

    in the Philippines

    Later they demand all of the Philippines and give

    $20 million to Spain for it

    Peace Treaty signed in December of 1898


    US was now an empire many Americans were Anti-Imperialists and were against America taking the Philippines without their consent

    McKinley assassinated by Leon Czolgosz (anarchist) and Teddy Roosevelt took over as President

    March 1901 Aguinaldo leader of Philippine revolt captured

    1946 Philippines granted independence


    Open Door Notes

    Great Britain-France-Germany force China to

    allow them to develop a sphere of influence

    there for economic reasons

    US (Sec. of State Hay) writes to those

    involved and says all countries should be able

    to trade with China


    Boxer Rebellion 1900

    The Boxers were against the foreigners that were

    ruling their country They wanted to rid their

    country of Foreign Devils a multi-national

    force (including the US) put down the rebellion

    2nd Open Door Note from Sec. of State Hay to

    European powers stated there would be no carving

    up of China, Independence for China


    Roosevelt and his Canal

    1850 Clayton-Bulwer Treaty US and GB would

    build a Canal together

    1901 Hay-Pauncefote Treaty US would build and

    maintain a Canal, but others could use it

    Choice between Nicaragua or Panama France had

    made an unsuccessful attempt to create a Canal in

    Panama and US picked up the rights from the



    Panama was part of Columbia and they wanted

    more money than the US offered for the


    The US aided Panama in a successful revolt

    against Columbia

    The US paid $10 million to Panama and agreed

    to pay $250,000 a year to lease the Canal Zone


    Construction took 7 years Malaria and Yellow

    Fever slowed the progress Dr. Gorgas drained

    the swamps and spread kerosene to kill

    mosquitoes carrying the disease

    1914 Canal finished Teddy Roosevelt takes

    credit for it

    1978 Jimmy Carter signs a treaty to return

    control to Panama at the end of the century